0456 – Offa
, king of Mercia
0657 – Battle of Siffin
0796 – Offa
dies. King of Mercia.
0811 – Battle of Pliska
; Byzantine emperor Nicephorus I
is slain, his heir Stauracius
is seriously wounded
0811 – Nicephorus I
dies (slain in battle). Byzantine emperor.
0920 – Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre
against the Muslims at Pamplona
1030 – Stanislaus of Szczepanów
was born (d. 1079). St. Stanislaw.
1139 – Afonso
, then a count, is proclaimed first king of Portugal and declares independence from Castile
1309 – Henry VII
is recognised King of the Romans
by Pope Clement V
1380 – Emperor
Komyo of Japan
dies (b. 1322). Second of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders.
1469 – Wars of the Roses
: Battle of Edgecote Moor
– Pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick
against those of King Edward IV
1471 – Pope Paul II
dies (b. 1417.
1581 – Plakkaat van Verlatinghe (Oath of Abjuration)
. The declaration of independence
of the northern Low Countries
from the Spanish
king, Philip II
1592 – Armand de Gontaut, baron de Biron
dies (b. 1524). French soldier.
1611 – Horio Yoshiharu
dies (b. 1542). Japanese warlord.
1678 – Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
was born (d. 1711).
1680 – John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester
dies (b. 1647). English writer.
1684 – Elena Cornaro Piscopia
dies (b. 1646). Italian mathematician.1712 – Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds dies (b. 1631). English statesman.
1723 – Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, dies (b. 1660). English statesman.
1757 – Battle of Plassey.
1775 – The birth of what would later become the United States Post Office Department was established by the Second Continental Congress and Benjamin Franklin was appointed the first Postmaster General.
1782 – John Field was born (d. 1837). Irish composer.
1870 – Ignacio Zuloaga y Zabaleta was born. Spanish painter.
1874 – Serge Koussevitsky
was born (d. 1951). Russian conductor.
1874 – Guilherme Braga
dies in Porto (b. 22 Mar 1845). Portuguese poet.
1875 – Carl Jung
was born (d. 1961). Swiss psychiatrist and analytical psychologist who identified the introvert and extrovert types.
1875 – Antonio Machado
was born (d. 1939). Spanish poet.
1878 – In California
, the poet and American West
outlaw calling himself “Black Bart
” makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo
stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem
1880 – Volodymyr Vynnychenko
was born (d. 1951). Ukrainian statesman.
1882 – Premiere of Richard Wagner
1884 – Lino Ferreira was born. Portuguese dramatist, actor and film director.
1885 – André Maurois
was born in Elbeuf, Normandy (d. 7 Oct 1967) . French writer. Honorary president of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival in 1965. Member of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival in 1966
1886 – Lars Hanson
was born (d. 1965). Swedish actor.
1887 – L. L. Zamenhof
publishes “Dr. Esperanto’s International Language”
1890 – Dórdio Gomes was born. Portuguese painter.
1890 – Explode em Buenos Aires uma revolução dirigida por Leandro N. Alem contra Miguel Juárez Celman, que deixou a presidência argentina.
1891 – France annexes Tahiti
1892 – Sad Sam Jones
was born (d. 1966). American baseball player.
1894 – Aldous Huxley
was born (d. 22 Nov 1963). English writer (Brave New World -1932 ).
1895 – Cassiano Ricardo
was born in São José dos Campos, São Paulo (d. 1974). Brazilian poet, essayist, literary critic, and journalist, he was one of the most versatile 20th-century Brazilian poets.
1895 – Gracie Allen
was born (d. 1964). American actress and comedian.
1896 – Henry Birkin
was born (d. 1933). British racing driver.
1897 – Paul Gallico
was born (d. 1976). American author.
1899 – O presidente da República Dominicana Ulises Heureaux é assassinado
1900 – Ernesto Rodolfo Hintze Ribeiro assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro de Portugal
1902 – Gracie Allen
was born (d. 27 Aug 1964). Actress, comedienne.
1903 – Estes Kefauver
was born (d. 1963). U.S. Senator from Tennessee.
1906 – Irena Iłłakowicz
was born (d. 1943). Polish agent of Intelligence.
1908 – United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte
issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation
1908 – Salvador Allende
was born (d. 1973). President of Chile
1909 – Vivian Vance
was born (d. 17 Aug 1979). Emmy Award-winning actress: I Love Lucy ; The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, Lucy in Connecticut, The Lucy Show;
1909 – Peter Thorneycroft
was born (d. 1994). British politician.
1914 – Serbia
interrupts diplomatic relationship.
1914 – Ellis Kinder
was born (d. 1968). American baseball player.
1914 – Erskine Hawkins
was born (d. 1993). American musician and bandleader.
1915 – Juan Luis Sanfuentes is elected President of Chile.
1918 – Marjorie Lord
was born. American actress.
1925 – Jerzy Einhorn
was born (d. 2000). Polish-Swedish doctor, researcher and politician.
1925 – Gottlob Frege
dies (b. 1848). German mathematician and logician.
1925 – William Jennings Bryan
dies (b. 1860). American politician.
1925 – Antonio Ascari
dies (b. 1888). Italian racing driver.
1926 – James Best
was born. American actor (The Dukes of Hazzard, Ode to Billy Joe, The Naked and the Dead, Ma and Pa Kettle at the Fair).
1926 – Ana María Matute
was born. Spanish author.
1928 – Don Beauman
was born (d. 1955). British racing driver.
1953 – Fidel Castro
leads an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada Barracks
, thus beginning the Cuban Revolution
1953 – Nikolaos Plastiras
dies (b. 1883). Greek general and politician.
1953 – Robert Phillips
was born. Classical guitarist.
1954 – Vitas Gerulaitis
was born (d. 17 Sep 1994, killed by carbon monoxide from a faulty heater). Tennis champion: Australian Open .
1956 – Following the World Bank
‘s decline to fund building the Aswan High Dam
leader Gamal Nasser
nationalizes the Suez Canal
sparking international condemnation.
1956 – Dorothy Hamill
was born. American figure skater.
1956 – Tommy Rich
was born. American professional wrestler.
1957 – Hart Hanson
was born. American television writer and producer.
1957 – Nana Visitor
was born. American actress.
1957 – Yuen Biao
was born. Hong Kong actor.
1957 – Carlos Castillo Armas
, President of Guatemala (1954-1957), is assassinated.
1958 – Explorer program
: Explorer 4
1959 – Kevin Spacey
was born. American Academy Award-winning actor: American Beauty ; Academy Award-winning supporting actor: The Usual Suspects ; A Time to Kill, Outbreak, Consenting Adults, Long Day’s Journey into Night, Lost in Yonkers, Henry and June, Working Girl, Wiseguy, Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, L.A. Confidential
1959 – Rick Bragg
was born. American writer
1959 – Michael Ross
was born (d. 2005). American serial killer.
1960 – Maud Menten
dies (b. 1879). Canadian biochemist.
1960 – Cedric Gibbons
dies (b. 1893). American art director.
1961 – Andy Connell
was born. English musician (Swing Out Sister
, A Certain Ratio
1961 – Dimitris Saravakos
was born. Greek footballer.
1964 – Sandra Bullock
was born. American actress: ( Speed, Speed 2: Cruise Control, The Net, While You Were Sleeping, A Time to Kill, Hope Floats, Forces of Nature, Miss Congeniality, Fool Proof, Exactly 3:30, The Chambermaid) See Sandra Bullock wallpapers
1964 – Danny Woodburn
was born. American actor.
1964 – Ralf Metzenmacher
was born. German painter and designer.
1964 – Train from Povoa de Varzim, Portugal derails at Custóias near Oporto, killing over 100 people
1964 – Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe
dies (b. 1884). British politician, naval officer and racing driver.
1965 – Full independence was granted to the Maldives
, from Britain.
1965 – Jeremy Piven
was born. American actor (The Larry Sanders Show, Ellen, Dr. Jekyll and Ms. Hyde, Kiss the Girls, Cupid, Serendipity, Highway, Black Hawk Down)
1965 – Jim Lindberg
was born. American musician (Pennywise
1966 – World Cup 1966 – Portugal lose the semi-final face hosts England 2-1. After beating Hungary 3-1, Bulgaria 3-0, Brazil 3-1 and North Korea 5-3 (after have been losing 0-3) Eusebio’s team lose against England that would go win The World Cup.
1966 – Carlos Sousa
was born. Portuguese racing car driver.
1966 – Jennifer Ashe
was born. Actress (As the World Turns).
1966 – Lord Gardiner issues the Practice Statement
in the House of Lords
stating that the House is not bound to follow its own previous precedent
1967 – De Gaulle’s political sensation – During a speech on a state visit to Canada, Charles de Gaulle caused a political sensation. He supported French-Canadian separatism, thereby offending the public and the Canadian government.
1967 – Anthony Durante
was born (d. 2003). American professional wrestler.
1967 – Tim Schafer
was born. American computer game designer
1967 – Ignacio Corsini dies. Tango singer.
1968 – Vietnam War
: South Vietnamese
opposition leader Truong Dinh Dzu
is sentenced to five years hard labor
for advocating the formation of a coalition government
as a way to move toward an end to the war
1968 – Olivia Williams
was born. English actress.
1970 – Robert Taschereau
dies (b. 1896). French Canadian lawyer and Chief Justice of Canada.
1971 – Apollo Program
: Apollo 15
Mission – Launch of Apollo 15.
1971 – Diane Arbus
dies (suicide) (b. 1923). American photographer.
1973 – Kate Beckinsale
was born in London. British actress .Pearl Harbor, One Against the Wind, Much Ado About Nothing, Haunted, Shooting Fish, Brokedown Palace, Alice Through the Looking Glass , The Aviator. See wallpapers
1973 – Lenka Šarounová
was born. Czech astronomer.
1974 – Greek Prime Minister Constantin Caramanlis forms the country’s first civil government after seven years of military rule.
1974 – Dan Konopka
was born. American musician (OK Go
1974 – Daniel Negreanu
was born. Canadian poker player.
1974 – Dean Sturridge
was born., English footballer.
1975 – Formation of a military triumvirate in Portugal
/ O Movimento das Forças Armadas de Portugal acorda concentrar o poder num triunvirato formado pelo Presidente da República, General Costa e Gomes; o primeiro- ministro, general Vasco Gonçalves, e o general Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho.
1975 – Joe Smith
was born. American basketball player.
1990 – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that a young woman, later identified as Kimberly Bergalis, had been infected with the AIDS virus, apparently by her dentist.
1990 – Brent Mydland
dies (b. 1952). American keyboardist (Grateful Dead
1991 – Paul Reubens
, better known as Pee Wee Herman, is arrested for allegedly exposing himself at a Sarasota, Florida
1991 – Sonic the Hedgehog
is released for the Sega Megadrive
1992 – Miguel Indurain of Spain won cycling’s Tour de France for the second year in a row.
1992 – Patty Sheehan defeated Juli Inkster in a playoff to win the 47th U. S. Women’s Open at the Oakmont (PA) Country Club.
1992 – Mary Wells
dies (b. 1943). American singer.
1993 – Italian Democrazia Cristian
changes its name to People’s Party
1993 – Taylor Momsen
was born. American actress (How the Grinch Stole Christmas, The Prophet’s Game, We Were Soldiers).
1993 – Matthew Ridgeway
dies (b. 1895). American army general.
1994 – Israel’s London embassy bombed
: A car bomb explodes outside the Israeli embassy in London injuring 14 people.
1994 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin
orders the removal of Russian troops from Estonia
1995 – George Romney
dies (b. 1907). American businessman and politician.
1995 – Laurindo Almeida
dies (b. 1917). Brazilian guitarist.
1995 – Raymond Mailloux
dies (b. 1918). Quebec politician.
1996 – Amy Van Dyken became the first American woman to win four gold medals at a single Olympics as she captured the 50-meter freestyle in Atlanta.
1997 – Kunihiko Kodaira dies (b. 16 Mar 1915). Japanese mathematician
who was awarded
the Fields Medal in 1954 for his work in algebraic geometry and complex analysis.
1997 – William Burroughs dies. American writer.
1998 – Legislative elections in Cambodia
1998 – Carlos Anasagasti Zulueta
dies. Bolivian bishop.
1999 – El escritor mexicano Sergio Pitol gana el premio de Literatura Iberoamericana y del Caribe Juan Rulfo.
1999 – Luis Alvarez Piñer dies. Spanish poet.
1999 – Trygve Haavelmo
dies (b. 1911). Norwegian economist who was awarded in 1989 with The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel.
2000 – John Tukey
dies (b. 1915). American statistician.
2000 – José Lino Grünewald
dies (b. 13 Feb 1931). Brazilian journalist, poet and translator.
2001 – Rex Barber
dies (b. 1917). American WW II aviator.
2002 – Museo Evita Perón
is inaugurated in Buenos Aires.
2004 – In response to an explosion of violence in the Darfur
region, the European Union
advocated that the United Nations
institute economic sanctions against The Sudan
2005 – Space Shuttle program
Mission – Launch of Discovery
‘s first scheduled flight mission after the Columbia Disaster
2005 – Mumbai
receives 99.5 cm of rain within 24 hours, bringing the city to a halt for over 2 days. (See: 2005 Maharashtra floods
2005 – Lebanese Christian Militia
leader, Samir Geagea
, has been released from prison after 11 years
2005 – Over 200 people have been killed in intense rain
storms in Maharashtra
, described by the Chief Minister of the state as the heaviest recorded rainfall in a single day in India. One third of the state Capital
, is said to be underwater causing more than a two hundred thousand people to be stranded in offices and roads for about 24 hours.
2005 – Alexander Golitzen
dies (b. 1908). American art director.
2005 – Betty Astell
dies (b. 1912). British actress.
2005 – Gilles Marotte
dies (b. 1945). French Canadian ice hockey player.
2005 – Jack Hirshleifer
dies (b. 1925). American economist.
2007 – Lars Forssell
dies (b. 1928). Swedish writer, member of the Swedish Academy.
2007 – John Normington
dies (b. 1937). English actor.
2007 – Skip Prosser
dies (b. 1950). American basketball coach.
– Anniversary of the Moncada Barracks Attack Day (1953), Revolution DayLiberia
– Independence DayMaldives
– Independence DayIndia
– Vijay Divas (end of Kargil War)
Municipal Holyday in Loures (Portugal)
Hoje é O Dia dos Avós (Portugal, Brasil)