1252 – King Ferdinand III of Castile
and Leon dies (b. 1198/1199?)
1416 – Jerome of Prague
, dies (b. 1379). Czech theologian.
1416 – The Catholic Church
burns Jerome of Prague
as a heretic.
1431 – In Rouen
, 19-year-old Joan of Arc
is burned at the stake
by a pro-English tribunal.
1431 – Joan of Arc
, dies (burned at the stake by a pro-English tribunal) (b. 1412) . French commander and saint.
1434 – Taborite
forces led by Prokop the Great
were defeated and almost annihilated in the Battle of Lipany
, effectively ending the Hussite Wars
1536 – King Henry VIII of England
marries Jane Seymour
, a lady-in-waiting
to his first two wives.
1539 – In Florida
, Hernando de Soto
lands at Tampa Bay
with 600 soldiers with the goal of finding gold
1574 – Henry III
becomes King of France
1574 – King Charles IX of France
dies (b. 1550).
1576 – Harada Naomasa
, dies. Japanese retainer and samurai under Oda Nobunaga
1588 – The last ship of the Spanish Armada
sets sail from Lisbon
heading for the English Channel
1593 – Christopher Marlowe
,dies (b. 1564). English playwright
1640 – Peter Paul Rubens
, dies (b. 1577). German painter.
1662 – Casamento de D. Catarina, filha de D. João IV, com Carlos II de Inglaterra.
1672 – Peter the Great
, (Piotr Alekseevich Romanov) was born (d. 1725). Tsar
. Nascimento de Pedro o Grande (1672-1725), imperador da Rússia. Foi responsável pela ocidentalização da Rússia, edificando a cidade de São Petersburgo.
1770 – François Boucher
, dies (b. 1703). French painter.
1744 – Alexander Pope
, dies (b. 1688). English poet, and writer.
1778 – Voltaire
, (François Marie Arouet), dies (b. 1694). French philosopher, author.
D. Fernando de Sousa e Silva é nomeado 4º Cardeal Patriarca de Lisboa
1806 – Andrew Jackson
kills a man in a duel after the man had accused Jackson’s wife of bigamy.
1814 – The First Treaty of Paris
is signed returning French
borders to their 1792
extent. Napoleon I of France
is exiled to Elba
on the same day.
1814 – Michael Bakunin
, was born (d. 1876). Russian anarchist.
1834 – As ordens religiosas masculinas são extintas e os seus bens nacionalizados. A medida é da responsabilidade de D. Pedro, enquanto regente, e de Joaquim António de Aguiar, que passa por isso a ser conhecido por «o Mata-Frades».
Pedro Santana assume (pela 2º vez) a presidência da República Dominicana
1850 – Nasceu o republicano português, fundador de “O Século”, Sebastião de Magalhães Lima
1854 – The Kansas-Nebraska Act
becomes law establishing the US territories
1865 – John Catron
, dies. Associate justice of the United States
1868 – Memorial Day
(then known as “Decoration Day”) is observed in the United States
for the first time (it was proclaimed on May 5
by General John Logan
1871 – The Paris Commune
1875 – Nasceu a actriz portuguesa Palmira Bastos.
1876 – Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz
is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V
1879 – New York City
‘s Gilmores Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden
by William Vanderbilt
and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
1879 – Colin Blythe
, was born (d. 1917). Kent and England left arm spinner
1882 – Wyndham Halswelle
, was born. British runner
1883 – In New York City
, a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge
is going to collapse causes a stampede which crushes twelve people.
1895 – Maurice Tate
, was born (d. 1956). Sussex and England all-rounder.
1896 – Howard Hawks
, was born (d. 26 Dec 1977). American film director : Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Monkey Business, Hatari, Rio Bravo, Rio Lobo, Sergeant York, A Song is Born, The Thing.
Nascimento de Ernesto Guardia Navarro. Presidente do Panamá (1956-1960)
1907 – Elly Beinhor, was born. Pilot .
1908 – Hannes (Olof Gösta) Alfvén was born (d. 2 Apr 1995). Swedish astrophysicist
, one of the founders of the field of plasma physics (the study of ionized gases) and winner
, with Louis Néel of France, of the 1970 Nobel Prize for Physics “for fundamental work in magnetohydrodynamics with fruitful applications in different parts of plasma physics.”
1908 – Mel Blanc
, was born (d. 1989). American voice actor.
1909 – Benny Goodman
, was born (d. 1986). American clarinet
player and Swing-era bandleader.
1910 – Inge Meysel
, was born (d. 2004). German actress.
1911 – At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway
, the first Indianapolis 500
ends with Ray Harroun becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race.
1912 – Julius Axelrod
, was born. American biochemist. Received the 1970 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine 1970 (with British biophysicist Sir Bernard Katz and Swedish physiologist Ulf von Euler).
Nascimento de René Barrientos Ortuño. Presidente da Bolívia (1964-1969).
1920 – Franklin Schaffner
, was born (d. 1989). American film director
1920 – Ralph Metcalfe
, was born (d. 1978). American athlete
1922 – Hal Clement
, was born (d. 2003). American science fiction writer.
1922 – In Washington, D.C.
, the Lincoln Memorial
is dedicated. Daniel Chester French
created the famous sculpture of Abraham Lincoln, titled Seated Lincoln. Lincoln is in meditation, seated in a large armchair. Both French and the Piccirilli brothers completed the sculpture. On this day in 1922 the memorial in which the statue is permanently seated was dedicated, although the cornerstone was laid in 1915.
Criação da Federación Ecuatoriana de Fútbol.
1926 – Christine Jorgensen
,was born (d. 1989). transsexual
1926 – O primeiro governo saído do golpe militar de 28 de Maio entra em funções. É presidido pelo comandante Mendes Cabeçadas, herói da Revolução de 5 de Outubro de 1910.
1927 – Clint Walker
, was born. Actor
1934 – Aleksei Leonov
, was born. Cosmonaut
and first person to walk in space
1935 – Babe Ruth
plays in his last baseball
game, in the uniform of the Boston Braves
1936 – Keir Dullea
, was born. American actor
1939 – Michael J. Pollard
, was born. American actor
1941 – World War II
1942 – World War II: 1000 British
bombers launch a 90-minute attack on Cologne
1943 – Gale Sayers
, was born. American football
1948 – A dike along the flooding Columbia River
breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon
within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
1951 – Hermann Broch
, dies (b. 1886). Austrian author.
1951 – Stephen Tobolowsky
, was born. Actor
1951 – Zdravko Colic, was born. Yugoslavian
1953 – Colm Meaney
, eas born. Irish
actor (Star Trek: The Next Generation
, Deep Space Nine
1954 – Susan Kelly-Gilbert
, was born. Vice-President of Advertising and Marketing at the Colorado Springs Gazette
in Colorado Springs, Colorado
1953 – Dooley Wilson
, American musician, actor.
1955 – Topper Headon
, was born. British musician, drummer with The Clash
1958 – The bodies of several unidentified soldiers killed in action during World War II
and the Korean War
are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns
in Arlington National Cemetery
1960 – Boris Pasternak
, dies (b. 1890). Russian author. Nobel Prize 1958.
1961 – Rafael Leónidas Trujillo
, dies (b. 1891). Dictator of the Dominican Republic .
1962 – Início do Campeonato Mundial de Futebol realizado no Chile.
1964 – Leó Szilárd
, dies (b. 1898). Hungarian-American nuclear physicist.
1964 – Wynonna Judd
, was born. American country music singer
Nascimento de Thomas Hassler. Jogador alemão de futebol.
1967 – Claude Rains
, dies (b. 1889). English actor.
1967 – At the Ascot Speedway in Gardena, California
, daredevil Evel Knievel
jumps his motorcycle
over 16 cars lined-up in a row.
1967 – The Nigerian
state of Biafra
secedes, sparking a civil war
1971 – Mariner program
: Mariner 9
is launched toward Mars
1971 – Marcel Dupré
, dies (b. 1886). French composer.
1972 – The Angry Brigade
goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout Britain
1972 – In Tel Aviv
, members of the Japanese Red Army
carry out the Lod Airport Massacre
, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others.
1972 – Manny Ramirez
,was born. Dominican baseball
1973 – Leigh Francis
(aka Avid Merrion
), was born. British comedian.
1975 – Steve Prefontaine
, dies (b. 1951). American distance runner.
1982 – Spain
becomes the 16th member of NATO
and the first nation to enter the alliance since West Germany
‘s admission in 1955
1982 – Baseball
player Cal Ripken, Jr
plays the first of 2,632 consecutive games. His streak will end on September 20
1986 – Perry Ellis
, dies. Fashion designer
1986 – Claudia Beni
, was born. Croatian
1989 – Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
: The 33-foot high “Goddess of Democracy
is unveiled in Tiananmen Square
by student demonstrators.
1992 – Antoni Zygmund dies (b. 26 Dec 1900). Polish-born mathematician
a major analysis research centre at Chicago, and recognized in 1986 for this with the National Medal for Science.
1993 – Sun Ra
, dies (b. 1914). American musician.
1994 – Juan Carlos Onetti dies. Writer.
1998 – A 6.6 magnitude earthquake
hits northern Afghanistan
, killing up to 5,000.
1999 – Kenny Bräck
wins the 83rd Indianapolis 500
2000 – Tex Beneke
, dies. Bandleader, singer, saxophone