390 BC –Roman
Wars: Battle of the Allia
: A Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls
, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.
0064 – Great fire of Rome
: A fire begins to burn in the merchant area of Rome
and soon burns completely out of control while Emperor Nero
reportedly plays his lyre
and sings while watching the blaze from a safe distance.
1689 – Samuel Molyneux was born (d. 13 Apr 1728). British astronomer (Royal Observatory at Kew) and politician
1695 – Johannes Camphuys
dies (b. 1634). Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.
1697 – António Vieira
dies in São Salvador da Baía, Brazil. Portuguese jesuit, missionary and diplomat.
1698 – Johann Heinrich Heidegger
dies (b. 1633). Swiss theologian.
1768 – Jean Robert Argand was born (d. 13 Aug 1822). Swiss mathematician who was one of the earliest to use complex numbers, which he applied to show that all algebraic equations have roots.
1792 – John Paul Jones
dies (b. 1747). American naval commander.
1797 – Immanuel Hermann Fichte was born (d. 1879). German philosopher.
1808 – José Joaquim Leite Guimarães was born. Portuguese noble (Barão de Nova Cintra).
1811 – William Makepeace Thackeray was born (d. 1863). English author.
1817 – Jane Austen dies in Winchester, Hampshire (b. 16 Dec 1775). English novelist ( “Sense and Sensibility”:published 1811; “Pride and Prejudice”: published 1813; “Mansfield Park”: published 1813; “Emma”:published 1816; “Persuasion”:published 1818″; Northanger Abbey”:published 1818)
1818 – Louis De Geer was born (d. 1896). 1st Swedish Prime Minister.
1821 – Pauline Garcia-Viardot was born (d. 1910). French mezzo-soprano and composer.
1830 – Uruguay adopts its first constitution.
1834 – Próspero Fernández Oreamunon was born. President of Costa Rica (1882-1885).
1837 – Vasil Levski
was born (d. 1873). Bulgarian revolutionary.
1838 – Pierre-Louis Dulong dies. French physicist and ghemost.
1841 – Coroação de D. Pedro II
como Imperador do Brasil.
1845 – Tristan Corbière
was born (d. 1875). French poet.
1848 – W. G. Grace
was born (d. 1915). English cricketer.
1852 – António de Macedo Papança [Conde de Monsaraz] was born in Regengos (Alentejo) (d. 17 Jul 1913). Portuguese poet and politician.
1857 – Louis Faidherbe
, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes
, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall
‘s war on the French.
1867 – Margaret Brown
was born (d. 1932). American activist, philanthropist, and RMS Titanic survivor.
1871 – Sada Yacco
was born (d. 1946). Japanese stage actress.
1885 – Marino Moretti was born in Cesenatico. Italian poet and prose writer who will become a leader of the Crepuscolarismo movement in the early 20th century. His first major collection of poetry, Poesie scritte col lapis, (“Poems Written With a Pencil”),
will be published in 1910 and achieve critical acclaimed.
1887 – Vidkun Quisling
was born (d. 1945). Norwegian politician and traitor.
1890 – Frank Forde
was born (d. 1983). Fifteenth Prime Minister of Australia
1900 – Nathalie Sarraute
was born (d. 1999). French writer.
1902 – Jessamyn West
was born (d. 1984). American writer.
1903 – Chill Wills
was born (d. 1978). American actor.
1906 – Clifford Odets
was born (d. 1963). American writer.
1906 – S. I. Hayakawa
was born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 1992). American semanticist and politician. The author of Language in Thought and Action will maintain: “In a real sense, people who have read good literature have lived more than people who cannot or will not read…. It is not true that we have only one life to live, we can live as many more lives and as many kinds of lives as we wish.”
1908 – Lupe Vélez
was born (d. 1944). Mexican actress.
1908 – Mildred Lisette Norman
was born. American peace activist, earned the moniker Peace Pilgrim
1909 – Andrei Gromyko
was born (d. 1989). Soviet diplomat and President
1909 – Harriet Nelson
was born (d. 1994). American singer and actress.
1914 – Gino Bartali
was born (d. 2000). Italian cyclist.
1916 – Johnny Hopp
was born (d. 2003). American baseball player.
1918 – Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna
dies (b. 1864).
1920 – Eric Brandon
was born (d. 1982). British racing driver.
1921 – John Glenn
was born. American astronaut and politician.
1922 – Thomas Kuhn
was born (d. 1996). American philosopher. Author of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962),
one of the most influential works of history and philosophy written in the 20th century.
1923 – Jerome H. Lemelson
was born (d. 1997). American inventor.
1930 – Inauguração do Estádio Centenário – Uruguai
1933 – Syd Mead
was born. American industrial and conceptual designer
1933 – Jean Yanne
was born (d. 2003). French film actor and director.
1951 – Jersey Joe Walcott KOs Ezzard Charles in 5 for heavyweight belt.
1956 – Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian
(Portugal) is created.
1956 – Razor Shines
was born. Major and Minor league baseball player, manager and coach
1957 – Nick Faldo
was born. English golfer.
1958 – Henri Farman dies (b. 1874). French aviator
constructor who developed ailerons (1908) to solve the enormously difficult and dangerous problems of lateral control
1960 – Anne-Marie Johnson
was born. American actress.
1961 – Elizabeth McGovern
was born. American-born actress.
1962 – Golpe militar no Perú depõe o presidente Manuel Prado.
1968 – Corneille Heymans
dies (b. 28 Mar 1892). Belgian physiologist who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1938 for his discovery of the regulatory effect on respiration of sensory organs associated with the carotid artery in the neck and with the aortic arch leading from the heart (1927-29).
1977 – Vietnam joins the United Nations.
1977 – Dylan Lane was born. American television host
1977 – Alfian bin Sa’at was born. Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
1977 – Elysio de Moura dies in Coimbra (b. 3 Ago 1877, em Braga). Portuguese psychiatrist.
1980 – Catalina Maya was born in Medellin. Colombian top model and actress.
1985 – Shahnawaz Bhutto
dies. Son of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
1986 – A tornado
is broadcast live on KARE television
when the station’s helicopter
pilot makes a chance encounter.
1986 – The motion picture Aliens
opens in theaters.
1987 – Gilberto Freyre
dies (b. 1900). Brasilian writer. Organizer of the first northeastern regionalist congress in Recife. Casa-grande e senzala (The Masters and the Slaves, 1933)
, the story of Brazil’s Portuguese colonizers and their African slaves, is his best-known work.
1988 – Nico
dies (b. 1938). German-born American model and singer.
1996 – In an event very similar to the Oklahoma
tornado that would occur three years later, a tornado ranking as a F5
hit the town of Oakfield, Wisconsin
1997 – 8000 low-caste Indians riot in Mumbai (Bombay) following a funeral for 10 children who had been killed by police.
2004 – Seleção brasileira masculina de Voleibol vence a Itália e conquista o 4º título da Liga Mundial
2005 – Lançada a Antologia República dos Poetas, no Museu da República, no Rio de Janeiro (Brasil). É a primeira marca oficial do movimento poético que explodia na cidade desde 1999.
2005 – Bill Hicke
dies (b. 1938). Canadian ice hockey player.