0065 – Lucan
, dies (b. 0039) . Roman
0311 -Galerius Valerius Maximianus lança um edito sob o qual os cristãos são reconhecidos legalmente no Império Romano
0313 – Roman emperor Licinius
unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire
under his rule.
1305 -Es asesinado Roger de Flor, capitán de los almogávares.
1309 – Kazimierz III de Great, King of Poland (1333-70), was born.
1341 – John III of Dreux
, Duke of Brittany
1492 – Spain
gives Christopher Columbus
his commission of exploration.
1504 – Francesco Primaticcio (or Primatice, Primadizzi) di Bologna, was born (d. 1570). Italian Mannerist
painter, sculptor, draftsman, stuccoist, and architect, active in France.
1531 – O português Martin Alonso de Souza desembarca no lugar que mais tarde seria a cidade de Rio de Janeiro.
1536 – A Inquisição é instalada em Portugal
1586 – Nasce Santa Rosa de Lima
, religiosa peruana.
1602 – William Lilly
, was born (d. 1681). Astrologer
1655 – Eustache Le Sueur (or Lesyeur, Lesueur), dies (b. 19 Nov 1617). Parisian painter and draftsman. He was one of the most important painters of historical, mythological and religious pictures in 17th-century France and one of the founders of French classicism. He was long considered the ‘French Raphael’ and the equal of Nicolas Poussin and Charles Le Brun. ( Sleeping Venus
; Caligula Depositing the Ashes of his Mother and Brother in the Tomb of his Ancestors
; Les Muses: Melpomène, Érato et Polymnie
; La Muse Terpsichore
1657 – Jacques de Stella, dies (b. 19 Sep 1596). French painter, draftsman, and engraver. Stella is an example of a painter who was a star, enjoying great esteem in his lifetime, both as an artist and a patron (of Nicolas Poussin
), but whose work is no longer specially appreciated
1662 – Queen Mary II of England
was born (d. 1694)
1671 – Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Banfrom
family, is executed.
1729 – Chevalier Pierre-Jacques-Antoine Volaire, was born. French painter.
1743 – Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian playwright and poet, dies.
1755 – Jean-Baptiste Oudry, dies (b. 17 Mar 1686).French artist specialized in Animals
1776 – Nasce Nicolas Rodríguez Peña, herói da independência argentina.
1777 – Carl Friedrich Gauss
, was born (d. 1855). Mathematician, astronomer and physicist
1789 – On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City
, George Washington
takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States
Charles-Auguste van den Berghe, was born (d. 17 Nov 1853). French painter.
1803 – Louisiana Purchase
: The United States
purchases the Louisiana
Territory from France
for $15 million.
1804 – Hague’s Theater opens .
1812 – The Territory of Orleans
becomes the 18th U.S. state
under the name Louisiana
1824 – D. Miguel é derrotado ao liderar golpe militar em Portugal
1835 – Franz von Defregger, was born (d. 02 Jan 1921). Austrian academic
1838 – Nicaragua
declares independence from the Central American Federation
1839 – Nascimento em Ipioca, Maceió – AL, de Floriano Peixoto (Marechal Floriano Vieira Peixoto)
. 3º Presidente do Brasil (23 Nov 1891 a 15 Nov 1894).
1845 – Nascimento de Joaquim Pedro de Oliveira Martins.
Historiador autodidacta, socialista, defensor mais tarde da instauração de um regime autoritário, será um dos membros da «Geração de 70» do século XIX.
1847 – Archduke Charles
, dies. Austrian
1854 – Inauguração por D. Pedro II da Primeira Ferrovia Brasileira, a Estrada de Ferro Mauá
, no Rio de Janeiro-RJ.
1864 – American Civil War
: Battle of Jenkin’s Ferry
– Retreating Union
troops led by General Frederick Steele
forces under General Edmund Kirby Smith
1865 – Robert Fitzroy
, dies (b. 1805). English admiral and meteorologist.
1867 – Burton Mossman, was born (d. 1956). Arizona
1870 – Franz Lehár
, was born (d. 1948). Composer.
1875 – Inauguração do Hospital de Niños – Buenos Aires
1875 – Jean Frederic Waldeck
, dies (b. 1766). French explorer, lithographer and cartographer.
1877 – Alice B. Toklas
, was born (d. 1967). Muse and brownie chef.
1883 – Jaroslav Hašek
, was born (d. 1923). Czech novelist.
1883 – Indalecio Prieto
1883 – Édouard Manet
, dies (b. 23 Jan 1832) .French Realist Impressionist
painter and printmaker. Manet made the transition from the realism of Gustave Courbet to Impressionism. [The Spanish Singer
; The Picnic
; Luncheon in the Studio
; The Café
; La modiste
1888 – Kiyotaka Kuroda assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro do Japão.
1889 – The first national holiday in the United States was celebrated. The citizens of the U.S. observed the centennial of George Washington’s inauguration.
1889 – Ellis Wilson
, was born. Artist
1893 – Joachim von Ribbentrop
, was born (d. 1946). Nazi
1897 – Nascimento de Humberto (Duarte) Mauro
em Volta Grande – MG. Actor e diretor brasileiro.
1897 – O físico britânico Joseph John Thompson anuncia o descobrimento do elétron, partícula elementar do átomo.
1898 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Jr. was born. Reporter, columnist, author, lecturer.
1900 – Hawaii
becomes a territory of the United States
, with Sanford B. Dole
1900 – Casey Jones
dies attempting to save the runaway train Cannonball Express
1904 – The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World’s Fair
opens in Saint Louis, Missouri
1904 – The ice cream cone
makes its debut.
1905 – O psicólogo Alfred Binet apresenta testes que supostamente medem inteligência, e não conhecimento humano. Estes são conhecidos hoje como os testes de Q.I.
1908 – Eve Arden
[Eunice Quedens] was born (d.12 Nov 1990). Emmy Award-winning actress: Our Miss Brooks , Anatomy of a Murder, Grease, Stage Door, Tea for Two.
1909 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands
was born (d. 2004).
1910 – Al Lewis
,was born. Actor (The Munsters).
1911 – Luise Rinser, was born. (d. 17 Mar 2002). German writer.
1911 – Portugal approves woman suffrage.
Criação do América Futebol Clube (Belo Horizonte – MG) .
1914 – Nascimento de Dorival Caymmi
, em Salvador – BA. Cantor e compositor da MPB.
1914 – Vermont Royster was born (d. 22 Jul 1996). Pulitzer Prize-winning writer, editor: The Wall Street Journal; columnist: Thinking Things Over; author: Journey through the Soviet Union, A Pride of Prejudices, My Own, My Country’s Time: A Journalist’s Journey.
1916 – Claude Shannon
, was born (d. 2001). The “father” of information theory
1916 – Robert Shaw
, was born (d. 25 Jan 1999). American conductor [ Robert Show Chorale; music director of Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus].
1925 – Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for US$146 million plus US$50 million for charity.
1926 – Cloris Leachman
, was born in Des Moines, Iowa – USA. Academy Award-winning actress: The Last Picture Show ; Emmy Award-winner: A Brand New Life [1972-73], The Mary Tyler Moore Show [1973-74], Cher [1974-75], Screen Actor’s Guild 50th Anniversary Celebration [1983-84]; Phyllis, Backstairs at the White House, The Facts of Life .
1927 – The Federal Industrial Institute for Women
, opens in Alderson, West Virginia
as the first women’s federal prison in the United States
1929 – Klausjürgen Wussow, was born. Actor
1933 – Willie Nelson
, was born in Abbott, Texas. Country musician
, composer, actor – 1989 Grammy Living Legend Award.
1933 – Luis Sanchez Cerro, President of Peru, dies assassinated by Hurtado de Mendoza.
1934 – Austrian gets “Austrian facist” constitution.
1935 – Nascia José Fialho Gouveia, no Montijo, Portugal (m. 2 Out 2004). Figura da televisão e rádio portuguesa. Apresentador.
1936 – Alfred Edward Housman
, dies (b. 1859). Poet.
1938 – Gary Collins, was born. Actor. Gary Collins Official Web Page
1938 – Larry Niven
, was born. Science fiction
1938 – Bugs Bunny
, was born. Cartoon character
1938 – The cartoon
short Porky’s Hare Hunt
, debuts in movie theaters, introducing Bugs Bunny
. 1939 – Franklin D. Roosevelt
becomes the first President of the United States
to appear on television
1939 – The 1939 New York World’s Fair
1940 – Burt Young
, was born. Actor.
1941 – Johnny Farina,was born. Guitarist
(Santo and Johnny).
1943 – Bobby Vee
, was born. Singer.
1943 – World War II
: Operation Mincemeat
– The submarine HMS Seraph
surfaces in the Mediterranean Sea
off the coast of Spain
to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer.
1943 – Otto Jespersen
, dies (b. 1860). Danish philologist.
1941 – Muere Edwin Porter, uno de los pioneros de cine .
1944 – Jill Clayburgh
, was born. Actress.
1944 – Richard Schoff, was born. Singer (The Sandpipers) .
1945 – Annie Dillard
, was born. Poet, essayist, novelist.
1945 – Adolf Hitler
and Eva Braun
commit suicide after being married for one day.
1945 – The morning radio program Arthur Godfrey Time
, starring Arthur Godfrey
1945 – Adolf Hitler
and Eva Braun
die (suicide) .
1946 – Ulla Hahn, was born. Lyricist.
1946 – King Carl XVI Gustav
1946 – Don Schollander, was born. Olympic
gold medalist in swimming
– Olympic Hall of Famer: 1st swimmer to win 4 gold medals in one Olympics , also won two gold in 1968; International Swimming Hall of Famer: set 8 world records in the 400-meter freestyle and 9 in the 200-meter in his career; Sullivan Award (U.S. outstanding athlete  ).
1946 – Brasil: Proibição do JOGO
(Decreto Lei nº 9215 de 30 de abril de 1946 – Governo Dutra) e encerramento de todos os Casinos do país.
1947 – In Nevada
Boulder Dam is officially renamed Hoover Dam
1948 – Perry King
, was born. Actor
1948 – Nascia José Nuno Martins em Fratel, Portugal. Figura da rádio e televisão portuguesas.
1948 – Nascia Marco Nanini
, no Rio de Janeiro. Actor brasileiro
1948 – In Bogotá
, the Organization of American States
1948 – 21 nações fundam a OEA, Organização de Estados Americanos
1948 – The Land Rover
is unveiled at the Amsterdam Auto Show
1949 – Nascimento de António Guterres
. Político do Partido Socialista e Primeiro-ministro português (1995 – 2000) .
1953 – Marie Osmond
, was born. Singer (The Osmonds) .
1954 – Nascimento de Jane Campion
em Wellington- Nova Zelandia. Diretora de cinema.
1955 – Nicolas Hulot
, was born. Journalist, author.
1955 – Element 101, Mendelevium, announced.
1956 – Alben W. Barkley
, dies (b. 1877). Former Vice President of the United States
1956 – Nascimento de Lars Von Trier
em Copenhaga, Dinamarca. Diretor de cinema.
1961 – Isiah Thomas
, was born. Basketball
player, coach, owner .
1961 – Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize.
Noruega apresenta pedido de adesão à Comunidade Europeia.
Albert Margai assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro de Serra Leoa.
1964 – Barrington Levy
, was born. Reggae
1966 – Nascia Margarida Pinto Correia em Lisboa, Portugal . Escritora. Presidente da Fundação do Gil. Directora da revista feminina Cosmopolitan.
1966 – Anton LaVey
founds the Church of Satan
1967 – Turbo B, was born. Rapper
1969 – Clark Vogeler, was born. Rock guitarist
1970 – A Guerra do Vietname espalha-se ao Camboja. O presidente norte-americano Richard Nixon revela que tropas dos Estados Unidos e do Vietname do Sul foram enviadas ao Camboja para destruir as bases dos vietnamitas comunistas.
1970 – Inger Stevens
, dies (b. 1934). Actress.
Portugal: o Decreto-Lei n.º 178/71 cria o Instituto de Acção Social Escolar
1972 – J.R. Richards
,was born . Singer (Dishwalla)
1973 – Jeff Timmons, was born. R&B singer (98 Degrees)
1973 – Watergate Scandal
: President Richard Nixon
announces that top White House
aids H.R. Haldeman
, John Ehrlichman
, and others have resigned.
1974 – Agnes Moorehead
, dies (b. 1900). Actress.
1974 – O dirigente comunista português Álvaro Cunhal regressou a Portugal, após o seu exílio
1975 – Elliott Sadler
, was born. NASCAR
1975 – Vietnam War
: North Vietnamese
troops occupy Saigão
, ending the war. Tropas do Vietname do Norte capturam Saigão e o presidente do Vietname do Sul, Duong Van Minh, se rende aos comunistas. Neste mesmo dia, tropas norte-americanas se retiram de Saigão, que é renomeada de Cidade de Ho Chi Minh.
1976 – Muhammad Ali beats Jimmy Young in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1976 – España: se estrena el filme de Charlie Chaplin El gran dictador, rodado en 1940.
1978 – Tom Fulp
, was born. Computer artist, creator and owner of Newgrounds
1980 – Accession of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands
1981 – 16th Academy of Country Music Awards: Barbara Mandrell and George Jones win.
1981 – Peter Huchel, dies. German
1982 – Alvaro Magana chosen to succeed Jose N Duarte as President of El Salvador
1982 – Kirsten Dunst
,was born in Point Pleasant, New Jersey. USA star actress (Interview with the Vampire).
1982 – Lester Bangs
, dies (b. 1949). Music journalist, author, musician.
1983 – George Balanchine
, dies (b. 1904). Dancer, choreographer .
1983 – Muddy Waters
, dies (b. 1915). Blues
1983 – Michael Jackson
‘s song “Beat It
” hits number 1 on the Billboard
Rashid Abdul Hamid Karami assume (pela 8º vez) o cargo de primeiro-ministro do Líbano.
1987 – O ministro de Exterior da Nicarágua, o sacerdote Miguel d’Escoto, recebe o Prémio Lenin da Paz.
1987 – Harri Holkeri assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro da Finlândia.
1988 – In Dublin
, Céline Dion
wins the thirty-third Eurovision Song Contest
singing “Ne partez pas sans moi” (Don’t leave without me).
1988 – Rita Wilson
1989 – Sergio Leone
, dies (b. 1929). Italian filmmaker (Good, Bad and Ugly).
1991 – A tropical cyclone
killing an estimated 138,000 people.
1991 – Em Portugal, utilizou-se pela primeira vez a acumpuctura como meio anestesiante
1992 – The last episode of the Cosby Show
1993 – CERN
announces that the World Wide Web
will be free to everyone.
1993 – During a changeover at a tennis
tournament in Hamburg, Germany
, Monica Seles
is stabbed in the back by a deranged fan of rival Steffi Graf
. Seles would not play competitively for more than two years after the incident.
1994 – In Dublin
, Paul Harrington
& Charlie McGettigan win the thirty-ninth Eurovision Song Contest
for Ireland singing “Rock’n’Roll Kids”.
1994 – Soccer great Pele (53) weds psychologist Assiria Seixas Lemos (36)
1995 – Colômbia torna-se membro da Organização Mundial do Comércio
1996 – Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro, President of Guatemala (1966-70), dies .
1997 – Ellen DeGeneres
comes out of the closet
on her sitcom Ellen
(which originally aired on ABC this day).
1998 – La policía detiene al croata Dinko Sakic en la provincia de Buenos Aires. Estuvo frente del campo de concentración de Jasenovac, durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
1998 – Nizar Qabbani
, dies . Syrian
1999 – NATO
membership expands by approving the admission of the Czech Republic
(the nations will be formally admitted following NATO’s 50th anniversary summit next April). NATO aircraft
destroy the Belgrade-Azala Tower
1999 – Cambodia
joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN) bringing the total members to 10.
1999 – Neo-nazi
bomber David Copeland
detonates his third bomb in front of the Admiral Duncan pub
and is arrested the night after.
2001 – Dennis Tito
, the first space tourist
in space lifts off in a Russian
rocket heading for the International Space Station
2001 – Chandra Levy
, a former intern to California
Congressman Gary Condit
, is last seen in Washington, DC
2002 – A referendum
overwhelmingly approves the Presidency of Pervez Musharraf
for another five years.
– Cuba ratifica o Protocolo de Kyoto