0548 – Theodora, dancer/empress of Byzantine (Nika-oproer), dies
0572 or 0573 Alboin, king of Longobarden, dies probably poisoned by his wife Rosamunda
0767 – Pope Paul I
1098 – Fighters of the First Crusade
1243 – Sinibaldo Fieschi is nominated Pope Innocent IV
1389 – Ottoman
forces crush the armies of Christian Europe
, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe (see Vidovdan
1461 – Edward IV
( Duke of York) is crowned king of England, after deposing of Henry VI of England.
1476 – Pope Paul IV
was born (d. 1559)
1490 – Albert of Mainz
, was born (d. 1545). Bishop and elector of Mainz.
1491 – Henry VIII
, was born (d. 1547). King of England.
1519 – Charles V elected
emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
1577 – Peter Paul Rubens
, was born (d. 1640). Flemish painter “Helene Fourment” and “The Abduction of the Daughters of Leucippus.”
1598 – Abraham Ortelius
, dies (b. 1527). Dutch cartographer.
1630 – Carta régia que reafirma o impedimento de desempenho de cargos públicos aos judeus.
1635 – Guadeloupe
becomes a French
1650 – Toma posesión del gobierno de la Nueva España el 21º virrey, Don Luis Enríquez de Guzmán, conde de Alba de Liste. Ha de prolongar su mandato hasta el 15 de agosto en que pasará al Perú.
1651 – Battle of Beresteczko
, the biggest battle in the 17th century
1703 – John Wesley
, was born (d. 1791).English founder of Methodism.
1706 – O exército aliado, composto sobretudo de tropas portuguesas, comandado pelo marquês das Minas entra em Madrid, e faz aclamar o arquiduque Carlos de Áustria como Carlos III de Espanha
1712 – Jean-Jacques Rousseau
, was born (d. 1778). Swiss philosopher.”The Social Contract.”
1766 – Maurice, Due de Noailles, dies. French commander.
1776 – Charles Mathews, was born in London (d. 1835). Comedian.
1801 – Francis Wheatley
dies (b. 1747). English painter ( Lord Aldeburgh Reviewing Troops
(1782) )A Family Group in a Landscape
1806 – Napoleon Coste
, was born (d. 1883). French guitarist and composer.
1807 – Anton Philipp Reclam
, was born (d. 1895). German publisher.
1814 – Nace en el puerto de Veracruz, José Manuel de Emparan, quien habrá de distinguirse como abogado de ideas liberales. Será ministro del presidente Juárez
en los ramos de Fomento y de Gobernación, además de gobernador de Veracruz.
1831 – Joseph Joachim
, was born (d. 1907). Austrian violinist (Hungarian Concerto)
1835 – Charles Mathews, dies (b. 28 Jun 1776). Comedian
1836 – James Madison
, dies (b. 1751). President of the US.
1855 – James Henry Fitzroy, Lord Raglan, dies. British commander.
1859 – First dog show
is held in Newcastle-on-Tyne
1867 – Luigi Pirandello
, was born († 1936). Italian dramatist and narrator (Six Characters in Search of an Author), recipient of the Nobel Prize in literature
1873 – Alexis Carrel
, was born (d. 1912). French biologist, physicist and writer. 1912 Nobel Prize in Medicine
laureated for the development of blood vessel suture technique.
1875 – Henri Léon Lebesgue
, was born. French mathematicien.
1876 – August Wilhelm Ambros
, dies (b. 1816). Austrian composer
1880 – Ned Kelly
the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan
1882 – Nace en Atlacomulco, Estado de México, Isidro Fabela Alfaro (d. 1964), quien habrá de destacar como jurisconsulto, escritor, orador, diplomático, político e ideólogo revolucionario. Embajador deMéxico ante la Sociedad de las Naciones
1887 – Minot, North Dakota
incorporated as a city.
1891 – Carl Panzram
, was born. Serial killer
1894 – Labor Day
becomes an official US holiday.
1895 – El Salvador
form the Central American Union.
1902 – Richard Rodgers
, was born (d. 1979). Composer.
1906 – Maria Goeppert-Mayer
, was born (d. 1972). Physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics
1906 – Paul-Emile Victor
1907 – Muere en Guanajuato, don Hermenegildo Bustos, extraordinario pintor autodidacta, quien naciera el 13 de abril de 1832 en Purísima del Rincón, Guanajuato
1913 – Franz Antel
, was born. Austrian filmmaker
1914 – Lester Flatt
,was born (d. 1979). Bluegrass musician.
1914 – Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria
(b. 1863) and his wife Sophia are killed by a Serbian nationalist (Gavrilo Princip), the casus belli
of World War I
. Austria.- Asesinado en Sarajevo Francisco Fernando de Habsburgo. Inicio de la I Guerra Mundial.
1914 – Franz Ferdinand,
dies assassinated (b. 1863)
1914 – Archduchess Sophie Chotek
, dies (assassinated). Wife of Franz Ferdinand
, Archduke of Austria
1914 – World War I (WW I) began in 1914 and ended on this date in 1919. In 1999 Niall Ferguson published “The Pity of War,” in which he blames the British government for having turned a European war into a world war.
1919 – The Treaty of Versailles
is signed, ending World War I
with Germany. See “The Economic Consequences of the Peace” by John Maynard Keynes. Assinatura do Tratado de Paz de Versalhes. A Alsácia e a Lorena são devolvidas à França. Afonso Costa assina por Portugal, vendo o país reconhecido o direito ao pagamento de indemnizações referentes aos prejuízos sofridos nas colónias, entre 1914 e 1916.
1921 – P. V. Narasimha Rao
, was born. Prime Minister of India 1991
1926 – Mel Brooks
, was born. comedian, actor, and director ( “The Producers” , “Blazing Saddles”, “Spaceballs”)
1927 – Realizada a primeira angiografia cerebral, pelo médico português Egas Moniz
1930 – Itamar (Augusto Cautiero) Franco
, was born in Juiz de Fora – MG. 46th President of Brasil
1932 – Pat Morita
, was born. Actor
1936 – Chuck Howley
, was born. American football player
1936 – The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang
is formed in northern China.
1938 – A 450 metric ton meteorite
struck the earth in a empty field near Chicora, Pennsylvania
1938 – Moy Yat
, was born. Martial artist
1940 – Romania
) to the Soviet Union
1942 – World War II: North AfricaField Marshal Rommel and his Panzerarmee Afrika capture Fuqa.
1943 – Klaus von Klitzing
, was born. Physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics
1945 – Nascimento na cidade de Salvador – BA de Raul (dos Santos) Seixas
. Cantor e compositor da MPB.
1946 – Gilda Radner
, was born (d. 1989). Actress.
1947 – Mark Helprin
, was born. American writer
1948 – Kathy Bates
, was born in Memphis, Tennessee. American Academy Award-winning actress ( Misery ; Fried Green Tomatoes, Home of Our Own, Prelude to a Kiss)
1948 – Clarence Thomas
, was born. U.S. Supreme Court justice
1950 – Seoul
is captured by troops from North Korea
1952 – Pietro Mennea
, was born. Italian athlete
1954 – Alice Krige
, was born. Actress.
1954 – Nascimento no Rio de Janeiro de Daniel (Tunes) Dantas
. Actor brasileiro.
1958 – Alfred Noyes dies at 77 . British poet, essayist (Robin Hood, The Highwayman).
1966 – Mary Stuart Masterson
was born in New York. American actress.
1967 – Israel
annexes East Jerusalem
1968 – Adam Woodyatt
, was born. Actor
1969 – Stonewall riots
in New York city
mark the beginning of the modern gay rights
1972 – Jon Heidenreich
, was born. Professional wrestler.
1973 – Alessandro Nivola
was born in Boston, Massachussets. American actor.
1973 – Adrian Annus
, was born. Athlet: hammer thrower.
1973 – Alberto Berastegui, born in Spain, tennis star
1974 – Frank Sutton
, dies. Actor.
1975 – Rod Serling
, dies (b. 1924). Scriptwriter, host of The Twilight Zone
1976 – As Ilhas Seychelles tornaram-se independentes do domínio britânico
1978 – Simon Larose
, was born. Tennis player
1978 – The United States Supreme Court
, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
438 US 265 1978, bars quota systems in college admissions but affirms constitutionality of programs giving advantage to minorities.
1979 – Randy McMichael
, was born. American football player.
1979 – Muere el poeta Blas de Otero.
1980 – José Iturbi
, dies (b. 1895). Musician, conductor.
1981 – Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti, dies bombed. Iran Islamic Rep Party founder
1981 – Terry Fox
, dies (b. 1958). Cancer activist.
1984 – Em Portugal, Barreiro foi elevado a Cidade
1988 – Four workers are asphyxiated at a metal-plating plant in Auburn, Indiana
, in the worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history. A fifth victim dies two days later.
1989 – Joris Ivens
, dies (b. 1898). Filmmaker.
1990 – Paperback Software, a company founded by Adam Osborne
, found guilty by a U.S. court of copyright violation for copying the appearance and menu system of Lotus 1-2-3
in its competing spreadsheet program.
1992 – Mikhail Tal
, dies (b. 1936). Chess
1993 – Boris Christoff dies at 70. Bulgaria-Italian bass (Don Carlos, Boris, Mefistofele).
1995 -Nelson Mandela sets up the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa to investigate human rights abuses of the Apartheid era.
1997 – Mrs. Miller
, dies (b. 1907). Singer.
1997 – Boxer Mike Tyson
is disqualified from WBA
title re-match, for biting off part of the ear of his opponent Evander Holyfield
1998 – The 12th World AIDS Conference opened in Geneva.
1998 – É realizado o primeiro referendo em Portugal
(sobre a interrupção voluntária da gravidez).
2001 – Boca Juniors da Argentina ganha a Taça dos Libertadores da América ao derrotar a Cruz Azul de México no desempate por penalties