0578 – Jacob Baradaeus
, dies. Bishop of Edessa
0579 – Benedict I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
0657 – St Vitalian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1178 – Fredrick “Barbarossa” crowned King of Burgundy
1233 – Assassination of Conrad of Marburg and Gerhard Lutelholb
1291 – Haifa falls to the Mameluks
1371 – Massacre of the Compagnia del Bruco in Florence, Italy
1419 – Defenestration of Prague; Beginning of the Hussite Wars
1511 – Birth of Giorgio Vasari.
1523 – Juan de Anchieta was born. Spanish composer.
1538 – Newfoundland reached by Sir Humphrey Gilbert
1549 – Ferdinando I de’ Medici,
was born (d. 1609). Grand Duke of Tuscany.
1588 Howard sails from Plymouth
1608 – At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point, New York
), Samuel de Champlain
shoots and kills two Iroquois
chiefs. This was to set the tone for French
-Iroquois relations for the next one hundred years.
1609 – Iroquois Indians defeated by their first sight of firearms
1616 – Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone, Irish rebel, dies at about 76
1619- In Jamestown, Virginia
, the first representative assembly in the Americas
, the House of Burgesses
, convenes for the first time.
1641 – Regnier de Graaf
, was born (d. 1673). Dutch physician and anatomist.
1652 – Charles Amédée de Savoie,
dies (b. 1624). 6th Duc de Nemours, French soldier.
1680 – Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory
, dies (b. 1634). Irish naval commander.
1683 – Maria Theresa of Spain
, dies (b. 1638). Queen of Louis XIV of France
1691 – Daniel Georg Morhof
, dies (b. 1639). German writer and scholar.
1715 – Nahum Tate
, dies (b. 1652). Irish poet.
1718 – William Penn
, dies (b. 1644). English founder of the Province of Pennsylvania.
1729 – Baltimore, Maryland
1733 – First Freemasons
lodge opened in what will become the United States
1763 – Samuel Rogers is born in Stoke Newington, England. Poet (The Pleasures of Memory).
He will be best remembered as a witty conversationalist and friend of many greater poets.
1766 – Carta régia que proíbe, no Brasil
, as indústrias de ourives, fiadores de ouro, de sedas e algodões tecidos.
1771 – Thomas Gray
, dies (b. 1716). English poet and letter-writer (“Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”)
1784 – Denis Diderot, dies. French wryter and encyclopedist.
1818 – Emily Brontë
, was born (d. 1848). English novelist.
1825 – Malden Island
1835 – Vicente Rocafuerte ocupa la presidencia de Ecuador.
1848 – A iluminação a gás é inaugurada em Lisboa.
1855 – Georg Wilhelm von Siemens
, was born. German industrialist
1857 – Thorstein Veblen
, was born in Cato, Wisconsin (d. 1929). Economist (The Theory of the Leisure Class).
1863 – Henry Ford
, was born (d. 1947). American industrialist.
1863 – Nascimento de Henry Ford (1863-1947), no Michigan, Estados Unidos da América. Foi o inventor da linha de montagem para produção de automóveis.
1863 – Indian Wars
: Chief Pocatello
of the Shoshone
tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho
and northern Utah
1864 – American Civil War
: Battle of the Crater
forces attempt to break Confederate
lines by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
1875 – George Pickett
, dies (b. 1825). American Confederate general.
1889 – Franz Masereel
, was born (d. 1972). Painter and graphic artist.
1889 – Vladimir Zworykin
, was born (d. 1982). Physicist and inventor. 1889: Vladimir Zworykin, often called the “Father of Television” for inventing the iconoscope, was born in Russia.
1890 – Casey Stengel
, was born (d. 1975). Baseball Hall of Famer
1894 – Walter Pater dies in Oxford.
1898 – Otto von Bismarck
, dies. German chancellor
1898 – Henry Moore
, was born (d. 1986). English sculptor.
1900 – Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
dies (b. 1844).
1906 – Mário Quintana nascia em Alegrete (RS) (d. 5 Mai 1994). Poeta brasileiro (A Rua dos Cataventos)
1909 – C. Northcote Parkinson
, was born (d. 1993). British historian and writer.
1912 – Emperor Meiji
dies (b. 1852). Japanese emperor.
1914 – Lord Killanin
was born (d. 1999). Former IOC president.
1918 – Joyce Kilmer
, dies in fighting near Seringes on the Western Front. Poet.
1921 – Grant Johannesen
, was born (d. 2005). American concert pianist.
1925 – Jacques Sernas was born. Actor (La Dolce Vita, Superfly T.N.T.)
1927 – Richard Johnson was born. Actor.
1928 – George Eastman showed the first color motion pictures in the U.S.
1929 – Christine McGuire was born. Singer (The McGuire Sisters: Sincerely, He)
1929 – Werner Tübke
, was born. Painter (de:Werner Tübke
1930 – Thomas Sowell
, was born. Economist
1930 – In Montevideo
win the first Football World Cup
. / Em Montevideu
, os donos da casa
vencem a Argentina
por 4 a 2 e conquistam o Campeonato do Mundo de Futebol
1930 – Hans Gamper
, dies. Founder of Futbol Club Barcelona
1932 – The 1932 Summer Olympics
open in Los Angeles, California
1933 – Edd “Kookie” Byrnes was born. Actor(77 Sunset Strip, holds record for appearing on the most magazine covers  in one month [October 1960])
1934 – Ben Piazza was born. Actor (Guilty by Suspicion, The Hanging Tree)
1934 – Bud Selig
, was born. Baseball
team owner and commissioner
1934 – Kurt von Schuschnigg was named Austrian chancellor following the assassination of Engelbert Dollfuss.
1934 – «Noite das Facas Longas». Ernest Rohm, chefe das SA, e um número muito elevado de comandantes da organização paramilitar do partido nazi, são assassinados por ordem de Hitler, assim como muitos políticos de direita, que se opunham ao governo ditatorial de Hitler.
1936 – Buddy Guy
, was born. Guitarist, singer
1938 – Joe Nuxhall was born. Baseball: Cincinnati Reds pitcher: youngest major-league player [15yrs, 314 days])
1939 – Eleanor Smeal was born. Feminist activist.
1939 – Peter Bogdanovich
, was born. Film director (The Last Picture Show, Paper Moon, What’s Up Doc?)
1940 – Former U-S Representative Patricia Schroeder
1941 – Count Desmond (Edward Benjamin) sword swallower
1941 – Paul Anka
, was born. Singer and composer
1945 – David Sanborn
, was born. Jazz musician, Grammy Award
1945 – World War II
: A Japanese
submarine sinks the USS Indianapolis
, killing 883 seamen in the worst single loss in the history of the United States Navy
1946 – Neil Bonnett
, was born (d. 1994). NASCAR
1947 – Arnold Schwarzenegger
, was born. Actor, 38th Governor of California
1947 – William Atherton
, was born. American actor
1947 – Joseph Cook
, dies. Sixth Prime Minister of Australia
1948 – Jean Reno
, was born. Actor
1949 – Dwight White (football: Pittsburgh Steelers defensive end: Super Bowl IX, X, XIII, XIV)
1950 – Willie Harper was born. Football: San Francisco ’49ers linebacker: Super Bowl XVI)
1950 – Frank Stallone was born. Actor
1954 – Ken Olin was born. Actor (Hill Street Blues, Thirtysomething)
1956 – Delta Burke
, was born. (Designing Women, Filthy Rich)
1956 – Anita Hill
, was born. American law professor, author
1956 – A Joint Resolution of the U.S. Congress
is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower
, authorizing “In God We Trust
” as the U.S. national motto
1957 – Nery Alberto Pumpido was born. Argentine player, coach
1958 – Richard Burgi was born. Actor
1961 – Laurence Fishburne
, was born. Actor
1961 – Neal McCoy was born. Country singer
1962 – Alton Brown
, was born. Food Network host
1963 – Lisa Kudrow
, was born. Actress
1964 – Jürgen Klinsmann was born. German football player
Início dos Jogos Pan-Americanos na Colômbia
1971 – An All Nippon Airways Boeing
727 and a Japanese Air Force F-86 collide over Morioka
1971 – Tom Green
, was born. Comedian, actor
1971 – Christine Taylor was born. Actress (“The Brady Bunch Movie”)
1971 – Kenneth Slessor
, dies. Australian poet
1974 – Hilary Swank
, was born. Academy Award
1974 – Watergate Scandal
: US President Richard M. Nixon
releases subpoenaed White House
recordings after being ordered to do so by the United States Supreme Court
1975 – Representatives of 35 countries convened in Helsinki, Finland, for a conference on security and human rights that resulted in the “Helsinki Accords.” The conference was aimed at ensuring peace in Europe.
1975 – Graham Nicholls
, was born. British artist
1975 – James Blish
, dies. Author
1975 – Jimmy Hoffa
, disappeared. Labor leader
1977 – Jaime Pressly was born. Actress.
1980 – Vanuatu
1981 – Nicky Hayden
, was born. American Motorcycle Racer
1983 – Lynn Fontanne
, dies. Actress
1984 – West German swimmer Michael Gross became the first double gold winner of the 1984 Summer Olympics, while the United States picked up three gold medals in swimming and shooting.
2000 – President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela won a fresh six-year term in a landslide re-election.
2002 – Los Angeles Sparks
center Lisa Leslie
is the first woman to dunk in a basketball game.
2003 – In Mexico
, the last ‘old style’ Volkswagen Beetle
rolls off the assembly line
2003 – Sam Phillips
, dies. Record producer.
2004 – A gas explosion kills 16 people in Belgium
– Independence Day
Sysadmin Appreciation Day
Comedy Celebration Day – Held on the last Sunday in July. This celebration in San Francisco recognizes the many comics that started their career there. Sponsor: Jose Simon.