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World Population Day 2008 Julho 11, 2008

Filed under: Day,Dia — looking4good @ 1:21 pm

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World Population Day is an annual event, observed on July 11, which seeks to raise awareness of global population issues. The event was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989. It was inspired by the public interest in Five Billion Day on July 11, 1987, approximately the date on which the world’s population reached five billion people.

«In 1968, world leaders proclaimed that individuals have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and timing of their children. Forty years later, modern contraception remains out of reach for hundreds of millions of women, men and young people.

This year’s World Population Day reaffirms the right of people to plan their families. It encourages activities, events and information that will help make this right real – especially for those who often have the hardest time getting the information and services they need to plan their families, such as marginalized populations and young people». From here

 

Ode à Língua Portuguesa – José Albano

Filed under: José Albano,poesia — looking4good @ 12:56 am

Língua minha, se agora a minha voz levanto
Pedindo à Musa que me inspire e ajude
Somente soe em teu louvor o canto,
Inda que a lira seja fraca e rude:
E tudo quanto sinto na alma, e digo,
Já que na alma não cabe,
Contigo viva e acabe – só contigo.

Língua minha dulcissona e canora,
Em que mel com aroma se mistura,
Agora leda, lastimosa agora,
Mas não isenta nunca de brandura;
Língua do gram Camões, a que ele ensina
A sinfonia rara,
Que em tudo se compara — co´a latina.

Língua, na qual eu suspirei primeiro,
Confessando que amava, às auras mansas
E agora choro, à sombra do salgueiro,
Os meus passados sonhos e esperanças;
Na qual me fez outrora venturoso
Aquela doce fala,
Que somente escutá-la — me era um gozo.

Língua em que o meu Amor falou de Amores
Em que d’Amores sempre andei cantando,
Em que modulo os mais encantadores
E deleitosos sons de quando em quando,
E espalho acentos inda nunca ouvidos,
De mágoas e de gozos,
Murmúrios amorosos — e gemidos.

Sempre e sempre te eu veja meiga e pura,
Naquela singeleza primitiva,
Naquela verdadeira formosura,
Que farei que no verso meu reviva;
E se apenas ao mundo se revela
Um pouco desse encanto,
Há-de mostrar-lhe quanto — és rica e bela.

Outros andam o teu sublime aspeito
De ornamentos estranhos encobrindo,
Ocultando o que tens de mais perfeito
E de mais precioso e de mais lindo:
Como direi que és tu? Triste, o duvido,
E não te reconheço,
Se o teu valor e preço — jaz perdido.

Quanta e quamanha dor me surge e nasce
De nunca ouvir aquele antigo estilo;
Mas eu fiz que ele aqui se renovasse
Para que o mundo agora possa ouvi-lo.
E com todo o poder de engenho e arte
Foi sempre o meu desejo
Ver-te qual te ora vejo — e celebrar-te.

Ah! como assim me agradas e me encantas,
Suavissimamente assim gemendo;
E se te outros ofendem vezes tantas,
Embora solitário, eu te defendo:
Eu te defenderei sem ter descanso
E em luta não inglória,
Tu verás que a vitória — e a palma alcanço.

E em paga disto, peço-te que exprimas
Quanto neste meu peito vive e mora:
Dá-me versos dulcíssimos e rimas
Cheias de branda música sonora,
Dá-me uma voz melodiosa e amena,
Para que eu noute e dia
Cante minha alegria — ou minha pena.

E não quero um som alto e retumbante
Para cantar de Amor ao mundo atento,
Pois não há língua que de Amor não cante,
Mas nenhuma traduz o meu tormento;
Nenhuma se conhece em que traslade,
Senão em ti somente,
Do coração doente — a Saudade.

José de Abreu Albano (n. em Fortaleza a 12 de abril de 1882; m. em Montauban, França a 11 de Julho de 1923)

Ler do mesmo autor Soneto

 

On this day in History – Jul 11

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:11 am
0472 – Anthemius dies. Emperor of the Western Empire (legal murder).
1174 – King Amalric I of Jerusalem dies (b. 1136).
1183 – Otto I Wittelsbach dies. Duke of Bavaria.
1216 – Hendrik of Constantinople dies. Emperor of Constantinople (1206-16).
1274 – Robert the Bruce was born in Turnberry, Scotland (d. 1329). King of Scotland (1306-1329).
1276 – Início do pontificado do Papa Adriano V.
1302 – Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) – the Flemish cities beat the king of France.
1302 – Robert II of Artois dies (b. 1250). French soldier.
1346 – Charles IV of Luxembourg elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

1366 – Anne of Bohemia was born (d. 1394). Consort of Richard II of England.

1405 – Chinese fleet commander Zheng He set sail to explore the world for the first time.
1476 – Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances.
1533 – King Henry VIII of England who divorced his wife and became head of the church of England, was excommunicated from the Catholic Church by Pope Clement VII.
1535 – Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg dies (b. 1484).
1581 – Peder Skram dies. Danish senator and naval hero.
1561 – Luis de Góngora was born (d. 1627). Spanish poet.
1576 – Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
1603 – Kenelm Digby was born (d. 1665). English privateer.
1616 – Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
1628 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni was born (d. 1701). Japanese warlord.
1657 – King Frederick I of Prussia was born (d. 1713).
1662 – Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria was born (d. 1726).
1688 – King Narai of Siam dies (b. 1629).
1679 – William Chamberlayne dies (b. 1619). English poet.
1709 – Johan Gottschalk Wallerius was born (d. 1785). Swedish chemist.
1723 – Jean-François Marmontel was born (d. 1799). French historian and writer.
1735 – Mathematical calculations suggest it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun for the last time before 1979.
1740 – Pogrom: Jews are expelled from Little Russia.
1750 – Halifax, Nova Scotia almost completely destroyed by fire.
1751 – Caroline Matilda of Wales was born(d. 1775). Queen consort of Denmark and Norway.
1754 – Thomas Bowdler was born (d. 1825). English physican and censor.
1766 – Elizabeth Farnese dies (b. 1692). Wife of Philip V of Spain.
1767 – John Quincy Adams was born (d. 1848). President of the United States .
1774 – Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet dies. Irish-born New York pioneer.
1775 – Simon Boerum dies (b. 1724). American Continental Congressman.
1776 – Captain James Cook begins third voyage.
1789 – Jacques Necker dismissed as Finance Minister for France sparking the Storming of the Bastille / O rei de França, Luís XVI, demite o seu ministro das finanças, Necker. O afastamento de Necker vai fomentar os distúrbios em Paris.
1796 – The U.S. takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
1797 – Ienăchiţă Văcărescu dies (b. 1740). Wallachian writer.
1798 – The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War.1804 – Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
1804 – Alexander Hamilton dies in an duel (b. 1757). United States Secretary of the Treasury.
1806 – James Smith dies. American signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1811 – Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir about molecular content of gases.
1822 – As Cortes Constituintes votam a Constituição. Foi a primeira Constituição portuguesa.
1825 – Thomas P. Grosvenor dies (b. 1744). American Revolutionary War soldier.
1826 – Alexander Afanasyev was born (d. 1871). Russian folklorist.
1832 – Charilaos Trikoupis was born (d. 1896). Greek politician.
1832 – Carlos Holguín Mallarino was born. President of Colombia (1888-1892).
1836 – Carlos Gomes (António Carlos Gomes) was born in Campinas, S. Paulo. Brazilian composer.
1839 – Anatacio Bustamante assume (pela 3º vez) a presidência do México.
1844 – King Peter of Serbia was born (d. 1921).
1844 – Evgeny Baratynsky dies (b. 1800). Russian poet.
1846 – Leon Bloy was born (d. 1917). French writer.
1848 – The Waterloo railway station in London opens.
1850 – Annie Armstrong was born. American missionary leader.
1851 – Millie and Christine McCoy were born (d. 1912). Conjoined twins.
1857 – Alfred Binet was born (d. 1911). French psychologist.
1859 – A Tale Of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is published.
1864 – Confederate forces attempt an invasion of Washington DC.
1864 – Petar Danov was born (d. 1944). Bulgarian spiritual teacher.
1866 – Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine was born (d. 1953).
1882 – The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.
1886 – Boris Grigoriev was borrn (d. 1939). Russian painter.
1889 – Tijuana, Mexico was founded.
1892 – Thomas Mitchell was born in Elisabeth, New Jersey (17 Dez 1962). American actor.
1893 – The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
1895 – The brothers Lumière show film for scientists.
1895 – Dolly Wilde was born (d. 1941). English socialite.
1897 – Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen to try to reach the North pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies.
1897 – Eugene “Bull” Connor was born (d. 1973). American law enforcement official who was Sheriff of Birmingham, Alabama.
1899 – E. B. White was born (d. 1985). American writer.
1902 – Sérgio Buarque de Holanda was born in São Paulo. Brazilian historian, journalist and writer.
1903 – O. E. Hasse was born (d. 1978). Actor.
1903 – Sidney Franklin was born (d. 1976). American bullfighter.
1903 – Rudolf Abel was born (d. 1971). Soviet intelligence officer.
1906 – Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser‘s An American Tragedy.
1906 – Herbert Wehner was born (d. 1990). German politician.
1909 – Simon Newcomb dies (b. 1835). American astronomer and mathematician.
1910 – Irene Hervey was born (d. 1998). American actress.
1913 – Cordwainer Smith was born (d. 1966). American writer.
1914 – Babe Ruth debuts in major league baseball.
1916 – Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov was born (d. 2002). Russian physicist, Nobel Prize for Physics laureate in 1964 (with Nikolay G. Basov, USSR and Charles H. Townes, USA), “for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle”.
1916 – Bertrand Russell is suspended from Cambridge University for his protests against the First World War and had previously been fined for pacifist activities.
1916 – Gough Whitlam was born. Twenty-first Prime Minister of Australia.
1916 – Reg Varney was born. English actor.
1919 – Eight-hour working day and free Sunday made into law in the Netherlands.
1920 – Yul Brynner was born. Russian-born actor (The King and I, The Ten Commandments).
1920 – Empress Eugénie de Montijo of France dies (b. 1826).
1921 – Truce called in the Irish War of Independence; see Irish calendar.
1921 – Former US President William Howard Taft sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, becoming the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice.
1921 – Outer Mongolia becomes independent (from China).
1921 – Ilse Werner was born. Dutch-born actress.
1922 – Hollywood Bowl opens.
1922 – Gene Evans was born (d. 1998). American actor.
1923 – José de Abreu Albano dies in Montauban (France) (b. 12 Apr 1882). Brazilian poet and diplomat.
1924 – César Lattes was born (d. 2005). Brazilian physicist.
1924 – Charlie Tully was born (d. 1971). Northern Irish footballer.
1924 – Brett Somers was born. Canadian actor.
1925 – Nicolai Gedda was born. Swedish tenor.
1926 – Frederick Buechner was born. American author.
1927 – Theodore H. Maiman was born. Physicist.
1929 – Hermann Prey was born (d. 1998). German baritone.
1929 – David Kelly (actor) was born. Irish actor.
1929 – William Mosforth dies (b. 1857). English footballer.
1929 – Luís Norton Barreto Murat dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 4 May 1861). Brazilian poet, revolutionary and abolicionist.
1930 – Harold Bloom was born. American literary critic.
1931 – Tab Hunter was born. American actor.
1931 – Tullio Regge was born. Italian physicist.
1931 – Thurston Harris was born (d. 1990). American singer.
1932 – Jean-Guy Talbot was born. French Canadian ice hockey player.
1933 – Bob McGrath was born. American actor.
1934 – Giorgio Armani was born. Italian fashion designer.
1935 – Oliver Napier was born. Northern Irish politician.
1936 – Triborough Bridge in New York City linking Manhattan, Bronx & Queens opened to traffic.
1936 – James Murray dies (b. 1901). American actor.
1937 – Pai Hsien-yung was born. Taiwanese writer.
1937 – George Gershwin dies (b. 26 Sep 1898). American composer.
1938 – Afonso Celso dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 31 Mar 1860). Brazilian poet and politician.
1939 – Seth Gaaikema was born. Dutch comedian.
1940 – World War II: Vichy France regime formally established. Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France.

1940 – Yvon Charbonneau was born. French Canadian union leader and politician.

1941 – Clive Puzey was born. Zimbabwean racing driver.
1943 – World War II: Allied invasion of Sicily – German and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces in Sicily.
1943 – Rolf Stommelen was born (d. 1983). German race car driver.
1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt says he will run for a fourth term as president of the United States.
1944 – Myra Gale Brown was born. Former wife of Jerry Lee Lewis.
1945 – Patrick Joseph McGrath was born. Catholic bishop.
1946 – Cuthbert Johnson was born. Benedictine abbot.
1947 – The Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France.
1947 – Bo Lundgren was born. Swedish politician.
1949 – Liona Boyd was born. English-born musician.
1950 – Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank.
1950 – Bruce McGill was born. American actor.
1950 – Pervez Hoodbhoy was born. Pakistani nuclear physicist.
1950 – J.R. Morgan was born. British classical scholar.
1950 – Bonnie Pointer was born. American singer (Pointer Sisters).
1952 – Bill Barber was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
1952 – John Kettley was born. English weather forecaster.
1953 – Leon Spinks was born. American former boxer.
1953 – Mindy Sterling was born. American actress.
1953 – Peter Brown was born. American singer, songwriter and producer.
1953 – Margarida Martins was born. Portuguese founder of the solidarity institution «Abraço».
1954 – Butch Reed was born. American professional wrestler.
1955 – The phrase In God We Trust is added to all US currency.
1956 – Sela Ward was born. American actress.
1957 – Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismaili worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III.
1957 – Michael Rose was born. Jamaican musician (Black Uhuru).
1957 – Peter Murphy was born. British musician – (Bauhaus).
1958 – Andrew Gilbert-Scott was born. British racing driver.
1958 – Hugo Sánchez was born. Mexican footballer.
1958 – Lúcia Veríssimo was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actress.
1959 – Suzanne Vega was born in Santa Monica, California. American singer.
1959 – Richie Sambora was born. Guitarist (Bon Jovi).
1959 – Charlie Parker dies (b. 1882). English cricketer.
1960 – Dahomey (now Benin), Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), and Niger all gain independence.
1960 – To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is first published.
1962 – First transatlantic satellite television transmission.
1962 – Soviet cosmonaut Nikolayev is four days in space, a record.
1962 – Gaetan Duchesne was born (d. 2007). French Canadian ice hockey player.
1962 – Pauline McLynn was born. Irish actress.
1963 – Al MacInnis was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
1963 – Lisa Rinna was born. American actress.
1963 – Sandra Schmirler was born (d. 2000). Canadian curler.
1964 – Craig Charles was born. English actor.
1964 – Kyrill, Prince of Preslav was born. Titular Bulgarian royal family.
1965 – Ernesto Hoost was born. Dutch kickboxer.
1965 – Tony Cottee was born. English footballer.
1965 – Scott Shriner was born. American musician (Weezer).
1966 – Fifa World Cup begins in England.
1966 – Greg Grunberg was born. American actor.
1966 – Mick Molloy was born. Australian comedian.
1966 – Delmore Schwartz dies (b. 1913). American poet.
1967 – Jeff Corwin was born. American naturalist and TV personality.
1967 – Guy Favreau dies (b. 1917). French Canadian lawyer, politician and judge.
1968 – Michael Geist was born. Canadian academic.
1968 – Esera Tuaolo was born. American football player.
1968 – “Once Upon a Time in the West” premiered at German cinemas. It immediately became an international blockbuster due to its star cast (Charles Bronson, Claudia Cardinale and Henry Fonda), as well as its music.
1969 – David Tao was born. Taiwanese singer-songwriter.
1969 – Guilherme de Andrade e Almeida dies in São Paulo (b. 124 Jul 1890). Brazilian writer and poet.
1970 – Justin Chambers was born. American actor.
1971 – Copper mines in Chile nationalized.
1971 – Brett Hauer was born. American ice hockey player.
1971 – Leisha Hailey was born. American actress and musician Uh Huh Her (band).
1971 – John W. Campbell dies (b. 1910). American writer and editor.
1971 – Pedro Rodríguez dies (b. 1940). Mexican racing driver.
1972 – Michael Rosenbaum was born in Oceanside, New York. American actor.
1972 – Steven Richards was born. Australian racing driver.
1972 – Jussi 69 was born. Finnish musician (The 69 Eyes).
1973 – A Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris on approach to Orly Airport, resulting in the death of 122 people.
1973 – Konstantinos Kenteris was born. Greek athlete.
1973 – Andrew Bird was born. American musician.
1974 – André Ooijer was born. Dutch footballer.
1974 – Hermann Hreidarsson was born. Icelandic footballer.
1974 – Pär Lagerkvist dies (b. 1891). Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate.
1975 – Chinese archaeologists discover a large burial site with 6,000 clay statutes of warriors from 221 BC.
1975 – Lil’ Kim was born. American rapper.
1975 – Willie Anderson was born. American football player.
1975 – Rubén Baraja was born. Spanish footballer.
1975 – Riona Hazuki was born. Japanese actress.
1975 – Samer el Nahhal was born. Finnish musician (Lordi).
1976 – Eduardo Najera was born. Mexican-born basketball player.
1977 – Martin Luther King is posthumously rewarded the Medal of Freedom.
1977 – Brandon Short was born. American football player.
1977 – Javier López was born. Puerto Rican baseball player.
1978 – Los Alfaques Disaster: a truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
1979 – The space station Skylab returns to Earth.
1979 – Claude Wagner dies (b. 1925). French Canadian judge and politician.
1979 – Lucília Fraga dies (b. 1895). Brazilian painter.
1980 – T.J. Wilson was born. Canadian professional wrestler.
1981 – Andre Johnson was born. American football player.
1981 – Carla Campbell was born. Jamaican model.
1981 – Aaron Proctor was born. American professional wrestling promoter & politician.
1981 – Diana Chaves was born. Portuguese actress.
1982 – Defeating West Germany 3–1 at Santiago Bernabéu stadium, Italy wins 1982 edition of the Football World Cup.
1982 – Chris Cooley was born. American football player.
1982 – Lil’ Zane was born. American rapper.
1983 – A Boeing 727 crashes into hilly terrain after a tail strike in Cuenca, Ecuador, claiming 119 lives.
1983 – Kelly Poon was born. Singaporean singer.
1983 – Marie Eleonor Serneholt was born. Swedish musician (A*Teens).
1983 – Peter Cincotti was born. American singer songwriter.
1983 – Evan Roberts was born. American radio broadcaster.
1983 – Ross Macdonald dies (b. 1915). American-Canadian writer.
1984 – Yorman Bazardo was born. Venezuelan baseball player.
1984 – Rachael Taylor was born. Australian actress.
1984 – Tanith Belbin was born. Canadian ice dancer.
1984 – Hitomi Hyuga was born. Japanese actress.
1985 – Aki Maeda was born. Japanese actress.
1986 – Yoann Gourcuff was born. French footballer.
1986 – Ryan Jarvis was born. English footballer.
1987 – According to the United Nations, the world population crosses the 5,000,000,000 mark.
1987 – Shigeaki Kato was born. Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band)).
1987 – Avi Ran dies (b. 1963). Israeli footballer.
1989 – David Henrie was born. American actor.
1989 – Sir Laurence Olivier dies (b. 1907). English stage and screen actor.
1990 – Oka Crisis in Quebec.
1990 – Caroline Wozniacki was born. Danish tennis player.
1990 – Connor Paolo was born. American actor.
1991 – A Nationair DC-8 crashed during an emergency landing at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing 261. The Canadian charter was ferrying Hajj pilgrims on behalf of Nigeria Airways.
1991 – Total solar eclipse in Hawaii and Mexico.
1991 – Hitoshi Igarashi dies (b. 1947). English-Japanese translator of the Satanic Verses.
1994 – Gary Kildall dies (b. 1942). American computer programmer.
1994 – Savannah dies (b. 1970). American actress.
1994 – Gary Kildall dies. American computer programmer.
1994 – Shannon Wilsey dies (b. 1970). Best known as Savannah. American porno actress.
1995 – Full diplomatic relations are established between the United States and Vietnam.
1995 – A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov An-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba killing 44 people.
1995 – Bosnian Serbs capture the Muslim city of Srebrenica. Many inhabitants are murdered, beginning the so-called Srebrenica Massacre.
1997 – A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov AN-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba 44
1998 – Some 600,000 people gathered in Berlin for the annual Love Parade, billed as the largest celebration of techno music.
1999 – Helen Forrest dies (b. 1917). American jazz singer.
2000 – Pedro Mir dies (b. 1921). Dominican poet.
2000 – Robert Runcie dies (b. 1921). Archbishop of Canterbury.
2001 – Herman Brood dies ( suicide) (b. 1946). Dutch singer and artist.
2001 – Cândida Branca Flor dies (b. 12 Nov. 1949). Portuguese singer.
2002 – Former Argentina junta leader Leopoldo Galtieri was arrested for the torture and execution of leftists during the military dictatorship (1976-1983).
2002 – In Venezuela an estimated 600,000 people marched demanding that Pres. Chavez abandon the presidency.
2003 – LahoreDelhi bus service resumed after suspension of 18 months.
2003 – Augusto Abelaira dies (b. 18 Mar 1926). Portuguese writer.
2004 – CIA Director George Tenet leaves his position at the agency.
2004 – Pedro Santana Lopes é indicado para primeiro-ministro de Portugal.
2004 – The 15th International AIDS conference began in Bangkok, Thailand.
2004 – Laurance Rockefeller dies (b. 1910). American conservationist and philanthropist.
2005 – Gretchen Franklin dies (b. 1911). English actress.
2005 – Frances Langford dies (b. 1914). American actress and singer.
2005 – Jesús Iglesias dies (b. 1922). Argentine racing driver.
2006 – 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.
2006 – Microsoft‘s official support of Windows 98 and Windows Me ends.
2006 – Barnard Hughes dies (b. 1915). American actor.
2006 – John Spencer dies (b. 1935). English snooker player.
2007 – Lady Bird Johnson dies (b. 1912). First Lady of the United States.
2007 – Alfonso López Michelsen dies (b. 1913). 32nd Colombian President.
2007 – Ed Mirvish dies (b. 1916). Canadian businessman and philanthropist.
2007 – Glenda Adams dies (b. 1939). Australian author.
IrelandNational Day of Commemoration held on nearest Sunday to this date (see Irish calendar).
MongoliaNaadam Holiday.
Belgium (partially) – Flemish Day (1302).
ChinaChina National Maritime Day.
Benin – Independence Day (1960).
Burkina Faso – Independence Day (1960).
Niger – Independence Day (1960).
Feast Day of Saint Olga (first Russian Saint).
Feast Day of Saint Benedict (founder of the Benedictine Order).
Portugal: Municipal holiday in Santo Tirso and Arcos de Valdevez.
 

On this day in History – Jul 11

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:11 am
0472 – Anthemius dies. Emperor of the Western Empire (legal murder)
1174 – King Amalric I of Jerusalem dies (b. 1136)
1183 – Otto I Wittelsbach dies. Duke of Bavaria
1216 – Hendrik of Constantinople dies. Emperor of Constantinople (1206-16).
1274 – Robert the Bruce was born in Turnberry, Scotland (d. 1329). King of Scotland (1306-1329).
1276 – Início do pontificado do Papa Adriano V
1302 – Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) – the Flemish cities beat the king of France.
1302 – Robert II of Artois dies (b. 1250). French soldier.
1346 – Charles IV of Luxembourg elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

1366 – Anne of Bohemia was born (d. 1394). Consort of Richard II of England.

1405 – Chinese fleet commander Zheng He set sail to explore the world for the first time.
1476 – Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances.
1533 – King Henry VIII of England who divorced his wife and became head of the church of England, was excommunicated from the Catholic Church by Pope Clement VII.
1535 – Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg dies (b. 1484).
1581 – Peder Skram dies. Danish senator and naval hero.
1561 – Luis de Góngora was born (d. 1627). Spanish poet.
1576 – Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
1603 – Kenelm Digby was born (d. 1665). English privateer.
1616 – Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
1628 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni was born (d. 1701). Japanese warlord.
1657 – King Frederick I of Prussia was born (d. 1713).
1662 – Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria was born (d. 1726).
1688 – King Narai of Siam dies (b. 1629).
1679 – William Chamberlayne dies (b. 1619). English poet.
1709 – Johan Gottschalk Wallerius was born (d. 1785). Swedish chemist.
1723 – Jean-François Marmontel was born (d. 1799). French historian and writer.
1735 – Mathematical calculations suggest it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun for the last time before 1979.
1740 – Pogrom: Jews are expelled from Little Russia.
1750 – Halifax, Nova Scotia almost completely destroyed by fire.
1751 – Caroline Matilda of Wales was born(d. 1775). Queen consort of Denmark and Norway.
1754 – Thomas Bowdler was born (d. 1825). English physican and censor.
1766 – Elizabeth Farnese dies (b. 1692). Wife of Philip V of Spain.
1767 – John Quincy Adams was born (d. 1848). President of the United States .
1774 – Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet dies. Irish-born New York pioneer.
1775 – Simon Boerum dies (b. 1724). American Continental Congressman.
1776 – Captain James Cook begins third voyage.
1789 – Jacques Necker dismissed as Finance Minister for France sparking the Storming of the Bastille / O rei de França, Luís XVI, demite o seu ministro das finanças, Necker. O afastamento de Necker vai fomentar os distúrbios em Paris.
1796 – The U.S. takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
1797 – Ienăchiţă Văcărescu dies (b. 1740). Wallachian writer.
1798 – The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War.1804 – Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
1804 – Alexander Hamilton dies in an duel (b. 1757). United States Secretary of the Treasury
1806 – James Smith dies. American signer of the Declaration of Independence
1811 – Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir about molecular content of gases.
1822 – As Cortes Constituintes votam a Constituição. Foi a primeira Constituição portuguesa.
1825 – Thomas P. Grosvenor dies (b. 1744). American Revolutionary War soldier.
1826 – Alexander Afanasyev was born (d. 1871). Russian folklorist.
1832 – Charilaos Trikoupis was born (d. 1896). Greek politician.
1832 – Carlos Holguín Mallarino was born. President of Colombia (1888-1892) .
1836 – Carlos Gomes (António Carlos Gomes) was born in Campinas, S. Paulo. Brazilian composer.
1839 – Anatacio Bustamante assume (pela 3º vez) a presidência do México.
1844 – King Peter of Serbia was born (d. 1921).
1844 – Evgeny Baratynsky dies (b. 1800). Russian poet.
1846 – Leon Bloy was born (d. 1917). French writer.
1848 – The Waterloo railway station in London opens.
1850 – Annie Armstrong was born. American missionary leader
1851 – Millie and Christine McCoy were born (d. 1912). Conjoined twins.
1857 – Alfred Binet was born (d. 1911). French psychologist.
1859 – A Tale Of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is published.
1864 – Confederate forces attempt an invasion of Washington DC.
1864 – Petar Danov was born (d. 1944). Bulgarian spiritual teacher.
1866 – Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine was born (d. 1953).
1882 – The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.
1886 – Boris Grigoriev was borrn (d. 1939). Russian painter.
1889 – Tijuana, Mexico was founded
1892 – Thomas Mitchell was born in Elisabeth, New Jersey (17 Dez 1962). American actor.
1893 – The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
1895 – The brothers Lumière show film for scientists.
1895 – Dolly Wilde was born (d. 1941). English socialite.
1897 – Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen to try to reach the North pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies.
1897 – Eugene “Bull” Connor was born (d. 1973). American law enforcement official who was Sheriff of Birmingham, Alabama.
1899 – E. B. White was born (d. 1985). American writer.
1902 – Sérgio Buarque de Holanda was born in São Paulo. Brazilian historian, journalist and writer.
1903 – O. E. Hasse was born (d. 1978). Actor.
1903 – Sidney Franklin was born (d. 1976). American bullfighter.
1903 – Rudolf Abel was born (d. 1971). Soviet intelligence officer.
1906 – Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser‘s An American Tragedy
1906 – Herbert Wehner was born (d. 1990). German politician.
1909 – Simon Newcomb dies (b. 1835). American astronomer and mathematician.
1910 – Irene Hervey was born (d. 1998). American actress.
1913 – Cordwainer Smith was born (d. 1966). American writer.
1914 – Babe Ruth debuts in major league baseball.
1916 – Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov was born (d. 2002). Russian physicist, Nobel Prize for Physics laureate in 1964 (with Nikolay G. Basov, USSR and Charles H. Townes, USA), “for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle.” .
1916 – Bertrand Russell is suspended from Cambridge University for his protests against the First World War and had previously been fined for pacifist activities.
1916 – Gough Whitlam was born. Twenty-first Prime Minister of Australia.
1916 – Reg Varney was born. English actor.
1919 – Eight-hour working day and free Sunday made into law in the Netherlands.
1920 – Yul Brynner was born. Russian-born actor (The King and I, The Ten Commandments) .
1920 – Empress Eugénie de Montijo of France dies (b. 1826).
1921 – Truce called in the Irish War of Independence; see Irish calendar.
1921 – Former US President William Howard Taft sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, becoming the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice.
1921 – Outer Mongolia becomes independent (from China).
1921 – Ilse Werner was born. Dutch-born actress
1922 – Hollywood Bowl opens.
1922 – Gene Evans was born (d. 1998). American actor.
1923 – José de Abreu Albano dies in Montauban (France) (b. 12 Apr 1882). Brazilian poet and diplomat.
1924 – César Lattes was born (d. 2005). Brazilian physicist.
1924 – Charlie Tully was born (d. 1971). Northern Irish footballer.
1924 – Brett Somers was born. Canadian actor.
1925 – Nicolai Gedda was born. Swedish tenor.
1926 – Frederick Buechner was born. American author.
1927 – Theodore H. Maiman was born. Physicist.
1929 – Hermann Prey was born (d. 1998). German baritone.
1929 – David Kelly (actor) was born. Irish actor.
1929 – William Mosforth dies (b. 1857). English footballer.
1929 – Luís Norton Barreto Murat dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 4 May 1861). Brazilian poet, revolutionary and abolicionist.
1930 – Harold Bloom was born. American literary critic.
1931 – Tab Hunter was born. American actor.
1931 – Tullio Regge was born. Italian physicist.
1931 – Thurston Harris was born (d. 1990). American singer.
1932 – Jean-Guy Talbot was born. French Canadian ice hockey player.
1933 – Bob McGrath was born. American actor.
1934 – Giorgio Armani was born. Italian fashion designer.
1935 – Oliver Napier was born. Northern Irish politician.
1936 – Triborough Bridge in New York City linking Manhattan, Bronx & Queens opened to traffic.
1936 – James Murray dies (b. 1901). American actor.
1937 – Pai Hsien-yung was born. Taiwanese writer.
1937 – George Gershwin dies (b. 26 Sep 1898). American composer.
1938 – Afonso Celso dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 31 Mar 1860). Brazilian poet and politician.
1939 – Seth Gaaikema was born. Dutch comedian.
1940 – World War II: Vichy France regime formally established. Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France.

1940 – Yvon Charbonneau was born. French Canadian union leader and politician.

1941 – Clive Puzey was born. Zimbabwean racing driver.
1943 – World War II: Allied invasion of Sicily – German and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces in Sicily.
1943 – Rolf Stommelen was born (d. 1983). German race car driver.
1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt says he will run for a fourth term as president of the United States.
1944 – Myra Gale Brown was born. Former wife of Jerry Lee Lewis
1945 – Patrick Joseph McGrath was born. Catholic bishop.
1946 – Cuthbert Johnson was born. Benedictine abbot.
1947 – The Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France.
1947 – Bo Lundgren was born. Swedish politician.
1949 – Liona Boyd was born. English-born musician.
1950 – Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank.
1950 – Bruce McGill was born. American actor.
1950 – Pervez Hoodbhoy was born. Pakistani nuclear physicist.
1950 – J.R. Morgan was born. British classical scholar.
1950 – Bonnie Pointer was born. American singer (Pointer Sisters).
1952 – Bill Barber was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
1952 – John Kettley was born. English weather forecaster.
1953 – Leon Spinks was born. American former boxer.
1953 – Mindy Sterling was born. American actress.
1953 – Peter Brown was born. American singer, songwriter and producer.
1953 – Margarida Martins was born. Portuguese founder of the solidarity institution «Abraço».
1954 – Butch Reed was born. American professional wrestler
1955 – The phrase In God We Trust is added to all US currency.
1956 – Sela Ward was born. American actress
1957 – Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismaili worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III
1957 – Michael Rose was born. Jamaican musician (Black Uhuru)
1957 – Peter Murphy was born. British musician – (Bauhaus)
1958 – Andrew Gilbert-Scott was born. British racing driver.
1958 – Hugo Sánchez was born. Mexican footballer.
1958 – Lúcia Veríssimo was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actress.
1959 – Suzanne Vega was born in Santa Monica, California. American singer.
1959 – Richie Sambora was born. Guitarist (Bon Jovi).
1959 – Charlie Parker dies (b. 1882). English cricketer.
1960 – Dahomey (now Benin), Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), and Niger all gain independence.
1960 – To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is first published.
1962 – First transatlantic satellite television transmission.
1962 – Soviet cosmonaut Nikolayev is four days in space, a record.
1962 – Gaetan Duchesne was born (d. 2007). French Canadian ice hockey player.
1962 – Pauline McLynn was born. Irish actress.
1963 – Al MacInnis was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
1963 – Lisa Rinna was born. American actress.
1963 – Sandra Schmirler was born (d. 2000). Canadian curler.
1964 – Craig Charles was born. English actor.
1964 – Kyrill, Prince of Preslav was born. Titular Bulgarian royal family.
1965 – Ernesto Hoost was born. Dutch kickboxer.
1965 – Tony Cottee was born. English footballer.
1965 – Scott Shriner was born. American musician (Weezer)
1966 – Fifa World Cup begins in England.
1966 – Greg Grunberg was born. American actor.
1966 – Mick Molloy was born. Australian comedian
1966 – Delmore Schwartz dies (b. 1913). American poet.
1967 – Jeff Corwin was born. American naturalist and TV personality
1967 – Guy Favreau dies (b. 1917). French Canadian lawyer, politician and judge.
1968 – Michael Geist was born. Canadian academic.
1968 – Esera Tuaolo was born. American football player.
1968 – “Once Upon a Time in the West” premiered at German cinemas. It immediately became an international blockbuster due to its star cast (Charles Bronson, Claudia Cardinale and Henry Fonda), as well as its music.
1969 – David Tao was born. Taiwanese singer-songwriter.
1969 – Guilherme de Andrade e Almeida dies in São Paulo (b. 124 Jul 1890). Brazilian writer and poet.
1970 – Justin Chambers was born. American actor.
1971 – Copper mines in Chile nationalized.
1971 – Brett Hauer was born. American ice hockey player.
1971 – Leisha Hailey was born. American actress and musician Uh Huh Her (band).
1971 – John W. Campbell dies (b. 1910). American writer and editor.
1971 – Pedro Rodríguez dies (b. 1940). Mexican racing driver.
1972 – Michael Rosenbaum was born in Oceanside, New York. American actor.
1972 – Steven Richards was born. Australian racing driver
1972 – Jussi 69 was born. Finnish musician (The 69 Eyes)
1973 – A Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris on approach to Orly Airport, resulting in the death of 122 people.
1973 – Konstantinos Kenteris was born. Greek athlete.
1973 – Andrew Bird was born. American musician.
1974 – André Ooijer was born. Dutch footballer.
1974 – Hermann Hreidarsson was born. Icelandic footballer.
1974 – Pär Lagerkvist dies (b. 1891). Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate.
1975 – Chinese archaeologists discover a large burial site with 6,000 clay statutes of warriors from 221 BC.
1975 – Lil’ Kim was born. American rapper.
1975 – Willie Anderson was born. American football player.
1975 – Rubén Baraja was born. Spanish footballer.
1975 – Riona Hazuki was born. Japanese actress.
1975 – Samer el Nahhal was born. Finnish musician (Lordi)
1976 – Eduardo Najera was born. Mexican-born basketball player.
1977 – Martin Luther King is posthumously rewarded the Medal of Freedom.
1977 – Brandon Short was born. American football player.
1977 – Javier López was born. Puerto Rican baseball player.
1978 – Los Alfaques Disaster: a truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
1979 – The space station Skylab returns to Earth.
1979 – Claude Wagner dies (b. 1925). French Canadian judge and politician.
1979 – Lucília Fraga dies (b. 1895). Brazilian painter.
1980 – T.J. Wilson was born. Canadian professional wrestler
1981 – Andre Johnson was born. American football player.
1981 – Carla Campbell was born. Jamaican model.
1981 – Aaron Proctor was born. American professional wrestling promoter & politician
1981 – Diana Chaves was born. Portuguese actress.
1982 – Defeating West Germany 3–1 at Santiago Bernabéu stadium, Italy wins 1982 edition of the Football World Cup.
1982 – Chris Cooley was born. American football player.
1982 – Lil’ Zane was born. American rapper.
1983 – A Boeing 727 crashes into hilly terrain after a tail strike in Cuenca, Ecuador, claiming 119 lives.
1983 – Kelly Poon was born. Singaporean singer
1983 – Marie Eleonor Serneholt was born. Swedish musician (A*Teens)
1983 – Peter Cincotti was born. American singer songwriter
1983 – Evan Roberts was born. American radio broadcaster
1983 – Marie Serneholt was born. Swedish musician (A*Teens)
1983 – Kellie Shirley was born. English actress.
1983 – Ross Macdonald dies (b. 1915). American-Canadian writer.
1984 – Yorman Bazardo was born. Venezuelan baseball player.
1984 – Rachael Taylor was born. Australian actress.
1984 – Tanith Belbin was born. Canadian ice dancer.
1984 – Hitomi Hyuga was born. Japanese actress.
1985 – Aki Maeda was born. Japanese actress.
1986 – Yoann Gourcuff was born. French footballer.
1986 – Ryan Jarvis was born. English footballer.
1987 – According to the United Nations, the world population crosses the 5,000,000,000 mark.
1987 – Shigeaki Kato was born. Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band)).
1987 – Avi Ran dies (b. 1963). Israeli footballer.
1989 – David Henrie was born. American actor.
1989 – Sir Laurence Olivier dies (b. 1907). English stage and screen actor.
1990 – Oka Crisis in Quebec.
1990 – Caroline Wozniacki was born. Danish tennis player.
1990 – Connor Paolo was born. American actor.
1991 – A Nationair DC-8 crashed during an emergency landing at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing 261. The Canadian charter was ferrying Hajj pilgrims on behalf of Nigeria Airways.
1991 – Total solar eclipse in Hawaii and Mexico.
1991 – Hitoshi Igarashi dies (b. 1947). English-Japanese translator of the Satanic Verses.
1994 – Gary Kildall dies (b. 1942). American computer programmer.
1994 – Savannah dies (b. 1970). American actress.
1994 – Gary Kildall dies. American computer programmer.
1994 – Shannon Wilsey dies (b. 1970). Best known as Savannah. American porno actress.
1995 – Full diplomatic relations are established between the United States and Vietnam.
1995 – A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov An-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba killing 44 people.
1995 – Bosnian Serbs capture the Muslim city of Srebrenica. Many inhabitants are murdered, beginning the so-called Srebrenica Massacre.
1997 – A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov AN-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba 44
1998 – Some 600,000 people gathered in Berlin for the annual Love Parade, billed as the largest celebration of techno music.
1999 – Helen Forrest dies (b. 1917). American jazz singer.
2000 – Pedro Mir dies (b. 1921). Dominican poet.
2000 – Robert Runcie dies (b. 1921). Archbishop of Canterbury
2001 – Herman Brood dies ( suicide) (b. 1946). Dutch singer and artist.
2001 – Cândida Branca Flor dies (b. 12 Nov. 1949). Portuguese singer.
2002 – Former Argentina junta leader Leopoldo Galtieri was arrested for the torture and execution of leftists during the military dictatorship (1976-1983).
2002 – In Venezuela an estimated 600,000 people marched demanding that Pres. Chavez abandon the presidency.
2003 – LahoreDelhi bus service resumed after suspension of 18 months.
2003 – Augusto Abelaira dies (b. 18 Mar 1926). Portuguese writer.
2004 – CIA Director George Tenet leaves his position at the agency.
2004 – Pedro Santana Lopes é indicado para primeiro-ministro de Portugal
2004 – The 15th International AIDS conference began in Bangkok, Thailand.
2004 – Laurance Rockefeller dies (b. 1910). American conservationist and philanthropist.
2005 – Gretchen Franklin dies (b. 1911). English actress.
2005 – Frances Langford dies (b. 1914). American actress and singer.
2005 – Jesús Iglesias dies (b. 1922). Argentine racing driver.
2006 – 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.
2006 – Microsoft‘s official support of Windows 98 and Windows Me ends.
2006 – Barnard Hughes dies (b. 1915). American actor.
2006 – John Spencer dies (b. 1935). English snooker player.
2007 – Lady Bird Johnson dies (b. 1912). First Lady of the United States.
2007 – Alfonso López Michelsen dies (b. 1913). 32nd Colombian President.
2007 – Ed Mirvish dies (b. 1916). Canadian businessman and philanthropist.
2007 – Glenda Adams dies (b. 1939). Australian author.
IrelandNational Day of Commemoration held on nearest Sunday to this date (see Irish calendar).
MongoliaNaadam Holiday
Belgium (partially) – Flemish Day (1302)
ChinaChina National Maritime Day
Benin – Independence Day (1960)
Burkina Faso – Independence Day (1960)
Niger – Independence Day (1960)
Feast Day of Saint Olga (first Russian Saint)
Feast Day of Saint Benedict (founder of the Benedictine Order)
Portugal: Municipal holiday in Santo Tirso and Arcos de Valdevez

 

On this day in History – Jul 11

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:11 am
0472 – Anthemius dies. Emperor of the Western Empire (legal murder)
1174 – King Amalric I of Jerusalem dies (b. 1136)
1183 – Otto I Wittelsbach dies. Duke of Bavaria
1216 – Hendrik of Constantinople dies. Emperor of Constantinople (1206-16).
1274 – Robert the Bruce was born in Turnberry, Scotland (d. 1329). King of Scotland (1306-1329).
1276 – Início do pontificado do Papa Adriano V
1302 – Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) – the Flemish cities beat the king of France.
1302 – Robert II of Artois dies (b. 1250). French soldier.
1346 – Charles IV of Luxembourg elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

1366 – Anne of Bohemia was born (d. 1394). Consort of Richard II of England.

1405 – Chinese fleet commander Zheng He set sail to explore the world for the first time.
1476 – Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances.
1533 – King Henry VIII of England who divorced his wife and became head of the church of England, was excommunicated from the Catholic Church by Pope Clement VII.
1535 – Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg dies (b. 1484).
1581 – Peder Skram dies. Danish senator and naval hero.
1561 – Luis de Góngora was born (d. 1627). Spanish poet.
1576 – Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
1603 – Kenelm Digby was born (d. 1665). English privateer.
1616 – Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
1628 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni was born (d. 1701). Japanese warlord.
1657 – King Frederick I of Prussia was born (d. 1713).
1662 – Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria was born (d. 1726).
1688 – King Narai of Siam dies (b. 1629).
1679 – William Chamberlayne dies (b. 1619). English poet.
1709 – Johan Gottschalk Wallerius was born (d. 1785). Swedish chemist.
1723 – Jean-François Marmontel was born (d. 1799). French historian and writer.
1735 – Mathematical calculations suggest it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun for the last time before 1979.
1740 – Pogrom: Jews are expelled from Little Russia.
1750 – Halifax, Nova Scotia almost completely destroyed by fire.
1751 – Caroline Matilda of Wales was born(d. 1775). Queen consort of Denmark and Norway.
1754 – Thomas Bowdler was born (d. 1825). English physican and censor.
1766 – Elizabeth Farnese dies (b. 1692). Wife of Philip V of Spain.
1767 – John Quincy Adams was born (d. 1848). President of the United States .
1774 – Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet dies. Irish-born New York pioneer.
1775 – Simon Boerum dies (b. 1724). American Continental Congressman.
1776 – Captain James Cook begins third voyage.
1789 – Jacques Necker dismissed as Finance Minister for France sparking the Storming of the Bastille / O rei de França, Luís XVI, demite o seu ministro das finanças, Necker. O afastamento de Necker vai fomentar os distúrbios em Paris.
1796 – The U.S. takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
1797 – Ienăchiţă Văcărescu dies (b. 1740). Wallachian writer.
1798 – The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War.1804 – Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
1804 – Alexander Hamilton dies in an duel (b. 1757). United States Secretary of the Treasury
1806 – James Smith dies. American signer of the Declaration of Independence
1811 – Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir about molecular content of gases.
1822 – As Cortes Constituintes votam a Constituição. Foi a primeira Constituição portuguesa.
1825 – Thomas P. Grosvenor dies (b. 1744). American Revolutionary War soldier.
1826 – Alexander Afanasyev was born (d. 1871). Russian folklorist.
1832 – Charilaos Trikoupis was born (d. 1896). Greek politician.
1832 – Carlos Holguín Mallarino was born. President of Colombia (1888-1892) .
1836 – Carlos Gomes (António Carlos Gomes) was born in Campinas, S. Paulo. Brazilian composer.
1839 – Anatacio Bustamante assume (pela 3º vez) a presidência do México.
1844 – King Peter of Serbia was born (d. 1921).
1844 – Evgeny Baratynsky dies (b. 1800). Russian poet.
1846 – Leon Bloy was born (d. 1917). French writer.
1848 – The Waterloo railway station in London opens.
1850 – Annie Armstrong was born. American missionary leader
1851 – Millie and Christine McCoy were born (d. 1912). Conjoined twins.
1857 – Alfred Binet was born (d. 1911). French psychologist.
1859 – A Tale Of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is published.
1864 – Confederate forces attempt an invasion of Washington DC.
1864 – Petar Danov was born (d. 1944). Bulgarian spiritual teacher.
1866 – Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine was born (d. 1953).
1882 – The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.
1886 – Boris Grigoriev was borrn (d. 1939). Russian painter.
1889 – Tijuana, Mexico was founded
1892 – Thomas Mitchell was born in Elisabeth, New Jersey (17 Dez 1962). American actor.
1893 – The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
1895 – The brothers Lumière show film for scientists.
1895 – Dolly Wilde was born (d. 1941). English socialite.
1897 – Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen to try to reach the North pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies.
1897 – Eugene “Bull” Connor was born (d. 1973). American law enforcement official who was Sheriff of Birmingham, Alabama.
1899 – E. B. White was born (d. 1985). American writer.
1902 – Sérgio Buarque de Holanda was born in São Paulo. Brazilian historian, journalist and writer.
1903 – O. E. Hasse was born (d. 1978). Actor.
1903 – Sidney Franklin was born (d. 1976). American bullfighter.
1903 – Rudolf Abel was born (d. 1971). Soviet intelligence officer.
1906 – Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser‘s An American Tragedy
1906 – Herbert Wehner was born (d. 1990). German politician.
1909 – Simon Newcomb dies (b. 1835). American astronomer and mathematician.
1910 – Irene Hervey was born (d. 1998). American actress.
1913 – Cordwainer Smith was born (d. 1966). American writer.
1914 – Babe Ruth debuts in major league baseball.
1916 – Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov was born (d. 2002). Russian physicist, Nobel Prize for Physics laureate in 1964 (with Nikolay G. Basov, USSR and Charles H. Townes, USA), “for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle.” .
1916 – Bertrand Russell is suspended from Cambridge University for his protests against the First World War and had previously been fined for pacifist activities.
1916 – Gough Whitlam was born. Twenty-first Prime Minister of Australia.
1916 – Reg Varney was born. English actor.
1919 – Eight-hour working day and free Sunday made into law in the Netherlands.
1920 – Yul Brynner was born. Russian-born actor (The King and I, The Ten Commandments) .
1920 – Empress Eugénie de Montijo of France dies (b. 1826).
1921 – Truce called in the Irish War of Independence; see Irish calendar.
1921 – Former US President William Howard Taft sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, becoming the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice.
1921 – Outer Mongolia becomes independent (from China).
1921 – Ilse Werner was born. Dutch-born actress
1922 – Hollywood Bowl opens.
1922 – Gene Evans was born (d. 1998). American actor.
1923 – José de Abreu Albano dies in Montauban (France) (b. 12 Apr 1882). Brazilian poet and diplomat.
1924 – César Lattes was born (d. 2005). Brazilian physicist.
1924 – Charlie Tully was born (d. 1971). Northern Irish footballer.
1924 – Brett Somers was born. Canadian actor.
1925 – Nicolai Gedda was born. Swedish tenor.
1926 – Frederick Buechner was born. American author.
1927 – Theodore H. Maiman was born. Physicist.
1929 – Hermann Prey was born (d. 1998). German baritone.
1929 – David Kelly (actor) was born. Irish actor.
1929 – William Mosforth dies (b. 1857). English footballer.
1929 – Luís Norton Barreto Murat dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 4 May 1861). Brazilian poet, revolutionary and abolicionist.
1930 – Harold Bloom was born. American literary critic.
1931 – Tab Hunter was born. American actor.
1931 – Tullio Regge was born. Italian physicist.
1931 – Thurston Harris was born (d. 1990). American singer.
1932 – Jean-Guy Talbot was born. French Canadian ice hockey player.
1933 – Bob McGrath was born. American actor.
1934 – Giorgio Armani was born. Italian fashion designer.
1935 – Oliver Napier was born. Northern Irish politician.
1936 – Triborough Bridge in New York City linking Manhattan, Bronx & Queens opened to traffic.
1936 – James Murray dies (b. 1901). American actor.
1937 – Pai Hsien-yung was born. Taiwanese writer.
1937 – George Gershwin dies (b. 26 Sep 1898). American composer.
1938 – Afonso Celso dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 31 Mar 1860). Brazilian poet and politician.
1939 – Seth Gaaikema was born. Dutch comedian.
1940 – World War II: Vichy France regime formally established. Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France.

1940 – Yvon Charbonneau was born. French Canadian union leader and politician.

1941 – Clive Puzey was born. Zimbabwean racing driver.
1943 – World War II: Allied invasion of Sicily – German and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces in Sicily.
1943 – Rolf Stommelen was born (d. 1983). German race car driver.
1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt says he will run for a fourth term as president of the United States.
1944 – Myra Gale Brown was born. Former wife of Jerry Lee Lewis
1945 – Patrick Joseph McGrath was born. Catholic bishop.
1946 – Cuthbert Johnson was born. Benedictine abbot.
1947 – The Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France.
1947 – Bo Lundgren was born. Swedish politician.
1949 – Liona Boyd was born. English-born musician.
1950 – Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank.
1950 – Bruce McGill was born. American actor.
1950 – Pervez Hoodbhoy was born. Pakistani nuclear physicist.
1950 – J.R. Morgan was born. British classical scholar.
1950 – Bonnie Pointer was born. American singer (Pointer Sisters).
1952 – Bill Barber was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
1952 – John Kettley was born. English weather forecaster.
1953 – Leon Spinks was born. American former boxer.
1953 – Mindy Sterling was born. American actress.
1953 – Peter Brown was born. American singer, songwriter and producer.
1953 – Margarida Martins was born. Portuguese founder of the solidarity institution «Abraço».
1954 – Butch Reed was born. American professional wrestler
1955 – The phrase In God We Trust is added to all US currency.
1956 – Sela Ward was born. American actress
1957 – Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismaili worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III
1957 – Michael Rose was born. Jamaican musician (Black Uhuru)
1957 – Peter Murphy was born. British musician – (Bauhaus)
1958 – Andrew Gilbert-Scott was born. British racing driver.
1958 – Hugo Sánchez was born. Mexican footballer.
1958 – Lúcia Veríssimo was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actress.
1959 – Suzanne Vega was born in Santa Monica, California. American singer.
1959 – Richie Sambora was born. Guitarist (Bon Jovi).
1959 – Charlie Parker dies (b. 1882). English cricketer.
1960 – Dahomey (now Benin), Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), and Niger all gain independence.
1960 – To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is first published.
1962 – First transatlantic satellite television transmission.
1962 – Soviet cosmonaut Nikolayev is four days in space, a record.
1962 – Gaetan Duchesne was born (d. 2007). French Canadian ice hockey player.
1962 – Pauline McLynn was born. Irish actress.
1963 – Al MacInnis was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
1963 – Lisa Rinna was born. American actress.
1963 – Sandra Schmirler was born (d. 2000). Canadian curler.
1964 – Craig Charles was born. English actor.
1964 – Kyrill, Prince of Preslav was born. Titular Bulgarian royal family.
1965 – Ernesto Hoost was born. Dutch kickboxer.
1965 – Tony Cottee was born. English footballer.
1965 – Scott Shriner was born. American musician (Weezer)
1966 – Fifa World Cup begins in England.
1966 – Greg Grunberg was born. American actor.
1966 – Mick Molloy was born. Australian comedian
1966 – Delmore Schwartz dies (b. 1913). American poet.
1967 – Jeff Corwin was born. American naturalist and TV personality
1967 – Guy Favreau dies (b. 1917). French Canadian lawyer, politician and judge.
1968 – Michael Geist was born. Canadian academic.
1968 – Esera Tuaolo was born. American football player.
1968 – “Once Upon a Time in the West” premiered at German cinemas. It immediately became an international blockbuster due to its star cast (Charles Bronson, Claudia Cardinale and Henry Fonda), as well as its music.
1969 – David Tao was born. Taiwanese singer-songwriter.
1969 – Guilherme de Andrade e Almeida dies in São Paulo (b. 124 Jul 1890). Brazilian writer and poet.
1970 – Justin Chambers was born. American actor.
1971 – Copper mines in Chile nationalized.
1971 – Brett Hauer was born. American ice hockey player.
1971 – Leisha Hailey was born. American actress and musician Uh Huh Her (band).
1971 – John W. Campbell dies (b. 1910). American writer and editor.
1971 – Pedro Rodríguez dies (b. 1940). Mexican racing driver.
1972 – Michael Rosenbaum was born in Oceanside, New York. American actor.
1972 – Steven Richards was born. Australian racing driver
1972 – Jussi 69 was born. Finnish musician (The 69 Eyes)
1973 – A Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris on approach to Orly Airport, resulting in the death of 122 people.
1973 – Konstantinos Kenteris was born. Greek athlete.
1973 – Andrew Bird was born. American musician.
1974 – André Ooijer was born. Dutch footballer.
1974 – Hermann Hreidarsson was born. Icelandic footballer.
1974 – Pär Lagerkvist dies (b. 1891). Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate.
1975 – Chinese archaeologists discover a large burial site with 6,000 clay statutes of warriors from 221 BC.
1975 – Lil’ Kim was born. American rapper.
1975 – Willie Anderson was born. American football player.
1975 – Rubén Baraja was born. Spanish footballer.
1975 – Riona Hazuki was born. Japanese actress.
1975 – Samer el Nahhal was born. Finnish musician (Lordi)
1976 – Eduardo Najera was born. Mexican-born basketball player.
1977 – Martin Luther King is posthumously rewarded the Medal of Freedom.
1977 – Brandon Short was born. American football player.
1977 – Javier López was born. Puerto Rican baseball player.
1978 – Los Alfaques Disaster: a truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
1979 – The space station Skylab returns to Earth.
1979 – Claude Wagner dies (b. 1925). French Canadian judge and politician.
1979 – Lucília Fraga dies (b. 1895). Brazilian painter.
1980 – T.J. Wilson was born. Canadian professional wrestler
1981 – Andre Johnson was born. American football player.
1981 – Carla Campbell was born. Jamaican model.
1981 – Aaron Proctor was born. American professional wrestling promoter & politician
1981 – Diana Chaves was born. Portuguese actress.
1982 – Defeating West Germany 3–1 at Santiago Bernabéu stadium, Italy wins 1982 edition of the Football World Cup.
1982 – Chris Cooley was born. American football player.
1982 – Lil’ Zane was born. American rapper.
1983 – A Boeing 727 crashes into hilly terrain after a tail strike in Cuenca, Ecuador, claiming 119 lives.
1983 – Kelly Poon was born. Singaporean singer
1983 – Marie Eleonor Serneholt was born. Swedish musician (A*Teens)
1983 – Peter Cincotti was born. American singer songwriter
1983 – Evan Roberts was born. American radio broadcaster
1983 – Marie Serneholt was born. Swedish musician (A*Teens)
1983 – Kellie Shirley was born. English actress.
1983 – Ross Macdonald dies (b. 1915). American-Canadian writer.
1984 – Yorman Bazardo was born. Venezuelan baseball player.
1984 – Rachael Taylor was born. Australian actress.
1984 – Tanith Belbin was born. Canadian ice dancer.
1984 – Hitomi Hyuga was born. Japanese actress.
1985 – Aki Maeda was born. Japanese actress.
1986 – Yoann Gourcuff was born. French footballer.
1986 – Ryan Jarvis was born. English footballer.
1987 – According to the United Nations, the world population crosses the 5,000,000,000 mark.
1987 – Shigeaki Kato was born. Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band)).
1987 – Avi Ran dies (b. 1963). Israeli footballer.
1989 – David Henrie was born. American actor.
1989 – Sir Laurence Olivier dies (b. 1907). English stage and screen actor.
1990 – Oka Crisis in Quebec.
1990 – Caroline Wozniacki was born. Danish tennis player.
1990 – Connor Paolo was born. American actor.
1991 – A Nationair DC-8 crashed during an emergency landing at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing 261. The Canadian charter was ferrying Hajj pilgrims on behalf of Nigeria Airways.
1991 – Total solar eclipse in Hawaii and Mexico.
1991 – Hitoshi Igarashi dies (b. 1947). English-Japanese translator of the Satanic Verses.
1994 – Gary Kildall dies (b. 1942). American computer programmer.
1994 – Savannah dies (b. 1970). American actress.
1994 – Gary Kildall dies. American computer programmer.
1994 – Shannon Wilsey dies (b. 1970). Best known as Savannah. American porno actress.
1995 – Full diplomatic relations are established between the United States and Vietnam.
1995 – A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov An-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba killing 44 people.
1995 – Bosnian Serbs capture the Muslim city of Srebrenica. Many inhabitants are murdered, beginning the so-called Srebrenica Massacre.
1997 – A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov AN-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba 44
1998 – Some 600,000 people gathered in Berlin for the annual Love Parade, billed as the largest celebration of techno music.
1999 – Helen Forrest dies (b. 1917). American jazz singer.
2000 – Pedro Mir dies (b. 1921). Dominican poet.
2000 – Robert Runcie dies (b. 1921). Archbishop of Canterbury
2001 – Herman Brood dies ( suicide) (b. 1946). Dutch singer and artist.
2001 – Cândida Branca Flor dies (b. 12 Nov. 1949). Portuguese singer.
2002 – Former Argentina junta leader Leopoldo Galtieri was arrested for the torture and execution of leftists during the military dictatorship (1976-1983).
2002 – In Venezuela an estimated 600,000 people marched demanding that Pres. Chavez abandon the presidency.
2003 – LahoreDelhi bus service resumed after suspension of 18 months.
2003 – Augusto Abelaira dies (b. 18 Mar 1926). Portuguese writer.
2004 – CIA Director George Tenet leaves his position at the agency.
2004 – Pedro Santana Lopes é indicado para primeiro-ministro de Portugal
2004 – The 15th International AIDS conference began in Bangkok, Thailand.
2004 – Laurance Rockefeller dies (b. 1910). American conservationist and philanthropist.
2005 – Gretchen Franklin dies (b. 1911). English actress.
2005 – Frances Langford dies (b. 1914). American actress and singer.
2005 – Jesús Iglesias dies (b. 1922). Argentine racing driver.
2006 – 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.
2006 – Microsoft‘s official support of Windows 98 and Windows Me ends.
2006 – Barnard Hughes dies (b. 1915). American actor.
2006 – John Spencer dies (b. 1935). English snooker player.
2007 – Lady Bird Johnson dies (b. 1912). First Lady of the United States.
2007 – Alfonso López Michelsen dies (b. 1913). 32nd Colombian President.
2007 – Ed Mirvish dies (b. 1916). Canadian businessman and philanthropist.
2007 – Glenda Adams dies (b. 1939). Australian author.
IrelandNational Day of Commemoration held on nearest Sunday to this date (see Irish calendar).
MongoliaNaadam Holiday
Belgium (partially) – Flemish Day (1302)
ChinaChina National Maritime Day
Benin – Independence Day (1960)
Burkina Faso – Independence Day (1960)
Niger – Independence Day (1960)
Feast Day of Saint Olga (first Russian Saint)
Feast Day of Saint Benedict (founder of the Benedictine Order)
Portugal: Municipal holiday in Santo Tirso and Arcos de Valdevez

 

On this day in History – Jul 11

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:11 am
0472 – Anthemius dies. Emperor of the Western Empire (legal murder)
1174 – King Amalric I of Jerusalem dies (b. 1136)
1183 – Otto I Wittelsbach dies. Duke of Bavaria
1216 – Hendrik of Constantinople dies. Emperor of Constantinople (1206-16).
1274 – Robert the Bruce was born in Turnberry, Scotland (d. 1329). King of Scotland (1306-1329).
1276 – Início do pontificado do Papa Adriano V
1302 – Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) – the Flemish cities beat the king of France.
1302 – Robert II of Artois dies (b. 1250). French soldier.
1346 – Charles IV of Luxembourg elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

1366 – Anne of Bohemia was born (d. 1394). Consort of Richard II of England.

1405 – Chinese fleet commander Zheng He set sail to explore the world for the first time.
1476 – Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances.
1533 – King Henry VIII of England who divorced his wife and became head of the church of England, was excommunicated from the Catholic Church by Pope Clement VII.
1535 – Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg dies (b. 1484).
1581 – Peder Skram dies. Danish senator and naval hero.
1561 – Luis de Góngora was born (d. 1627). Spanish poet.
1576 – Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
1603 – Kenelm Digby was born (d. 1665). English privateer.
1616 – Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
1628 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni was born (d. 1701). Japanese warlord.
1657 – King Frederick I of Prussia was born (d. 1713).
1662 – Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria was born (d. 1726).
1688 – King Narai of Siam dies (b. 1629).
1679 – William Chamberlayne dies (b. 1619). English poet.
1709 – Johan Gottschalk Wallerius was born (d. 1785). Swedish chemist.
1723 – Jean-François Marmontel was born (d. 1799). French historian and writer.
1735 – Mathematical calculations suggest it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun for the last time before 1979.
1740 – Pogrom: Jews are expelled from Little Russia.
1750 – Halifax, Nova Scotia almost completely destroyed by fire.
1751 – Caroline Matilda of Wales was born(d. 1775). Queen consort of Denmark and Norway.
1754 – Thomas Bowdler was born (d. 1825). English physican and censor.
1766 – Elizabeth Farnese dies (b. 1692). Wife of Philip V of Spain.
1767 – John Quincy Adams was born (d. 1848). President of the United States .
1774 – Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet dies. Irish-born New York pioneer.
1775 – Simon Boerum dies (b. 1724). American Continental Congressman.
1776 – Captain James Cook begins third voyage.
1789 – Jacques Necker dismissed as Finance Minister for France sparking the Storming of the Bastille / O rei de França, Luís XVI, demite o seu ministro das finanças, Necker. O afastamento de Necker vai fomentar os distúrbios em Paris.
1796 – The U.S. takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
1797 – Ienăchiţă Văcărescu dies (b. 1740). Wallachian writer.
1798 – The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War.1804 – Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
1804 – Alexander Hamilton dies in an duel (b. 1757). United States Secretary of the Treasury
1806 – James Smith dies. American signer of the Declaration of Independence
1811 – Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir about molecular content of gases.
1822 – As Cortes Constituintes votam a Constituição. Foi a primeira Constituição portuguesa.
1825 – Thomas P. Grosvenor dies (b. 1744). American Revolutionary War soldier.
1826 – Alexander Afanasyev was born (d. 1871). Russian folklorist.
1832 – Charilaos Trikoupis was born (d. 1896). Greek politician.
1832 – Carlos Holguín Mallarino was born. President of Colombia (1888-1892) .
1836 – Carlos Gomes (António Carlos Gomes) was born in Campinas, S. Paulo. Brazilian composer.
1839 – Anatacio Bustamante assume (pela 3º vez) a presidência do México.
1844 – King Peter of Serbia was born (d. 1921).
1844 – Evgeny Baratynsky dies (b. 1800). Russian poet.
1846 – Leon Bloy was born (d. 1917). French writer.
1848 – The Waterloo railway station in London opens.
1850 – Annie Armstrong was born. American missionary leader
1851 – Millie and Christine McCoy were born (d. 1912). Conjoined twins.
1857 – Alfred Binet was born (d. 1911). French psychologist.
1859 – A Tale Of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is published.
1864 – Confederate forces attempt an invasion of Washington DC.
1864 – Petar Danov was born (d. 1944). Bulgarian spiritual teacher.
1866 – Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine was born (d. 1953).
1882 – The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.
1886 – Boris Grigoriev was borrn (d. 1939). Russian painter.
1889 – Tijuana, Mexico was founded
1892 – Thomas Mitchell was born in Elisabeth, New Jersey (17 Dez 1962). American actor.
1893 – The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
1895 – The brothers Lumière show film for scientists.
1895 – Dolly Wilde was born (d. 1941). English socialite.
1897 – Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen to try to reach the North pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies.
1897 – Eugene “Bull” Connor was born (d. 1973). American law enforcement official who was Sheriff of Birmingham, Alabama.
1899 – E. B. White was born (d. 1985). American writer.
1902 – Sérgio Buarque de Holanda was born in São Paulo. Brazilian historian, journalist and writer.
1903 – O. E. Hasse was born (d. 1978). Actor.
1903 – Sidney Franklin was born (d. 1976). American bullfighter.
1903 – Rudolf Abel was born (d. 1971). Soviet intelligence officer.
1906 – Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser‘s An American Tragedy
1906 – Herbert Wehner was born (d. 1990). German politician.
1909 – Simon Newcomb dies (b. 1835). American astronomer and mathematician.
1910 – Irene Hervey was born (d. 1998). American actress.
1913 – Cordwainer Smith was born (d. 1966). American writer.
1914 – Babe Ruth debuts in major league baseball.
1916 – Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov was born (d. 2002). Russian physicist, Nobel Prize for Physics laureate in 1964 (with Nikolay G. Basov, USSR and Charles H. Townes, USA), “for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle.” .
1916 – Bertrand Russell is suspended from Cambridge University for his protests against the First World War and had previously been fined for pacifist activities.
1916 – Gough Whitlam was born. Twenty-first Prime Minister of Australia.
1916 – Reg Varney was born. English actor.
1919 – Eight-hour working day and free Sunday made into law in the Netherlands.
1920 – Yul Brynner was born. Russian-born actor (The King and I, The Ten Commandments) .
1920 – Empress Eugénie de Montijo of France dies (b. 1826).
1921 – Truce called in the Irish War of Independence; see Irish calendar.
1921 – Former US President William Howard Taft sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, becoming the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice.
1921 – Outer Mongolia becomes independent (from China).
1921 – Ilse Werner was born. Dutch-born actress
1922 – Hollywood Bowl opens.
1922 – Gene Evans was born (d. 1998). American actor.
1923 – José de Abreu Albano dies in Montauban (France) (b. 12 Apr 1882). Brazilian poet and diplomat.
1924 – César Lattes was born (d. 2005). Brazilian physicist.
1924 – Charlie Tully was born (d. 1971). Northern Irish footballer.
1924 – Brett Somers was born. Canadian actor.
1925 – Nicolai Gedda was born. Swedish tenor.
1926 – Frederick Buechner was born. American author.
1927 – Theodore H. Maiman was born. Physicist.
1929 – Hermann Prey was born (d. 1998). German baritone.
1929 – David Kelly (actor) was born. Irish actor.
1929 – William Mosforth dies (b. 1857). English footballer.
1929 – Luís Norton Barreto Murat dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 4 May 1861). Brazilian poet, revolutionary and abolicionist.
1930 – Harold Bloom was born. American literary critic.
1931 – Tab Hunter was born. American actor.
1931 – Tullio Regge was born. Italian physicist.
1931 – Thurston Harris was born (d. 1990). American singer.
1932 – Jean-Guy Talbot was born. French Canadian ice hockey player.
1933 – Bob McGrath was born. American actor.
1934 – Giorgio Armani was born. Italian fashion designer.
1935 – Oliver Napier was born. Northern Irish politician.
1936 – Triborough Bridge in New York City linking Manhattan, Bronx & Queens opened to traffic.
1936 – James Murray dies (b. 1901). American actor.
1937 – Pai Hsien-yung was born. Taiwanese writer.
1937 – George Gershwin dies (b. 26 Sep 1898). American composer.
1938 – Afonso Celso dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 31 Mar 1860). Brazilian poet and politician.
1939 – Seth Gaaikema was born. Dutch comedian.
1940 – World War II: Vichy France regime formally established. Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France.

1940 – Yvon Charbonneau was born. French Canadian union leader and politician.

1941 – Clive Puzey was born. Zimbabwean racing driver.
1943 – World War II: Allied invasion of Sicily – German and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces in Sicily.
1943 – Rolf Stommelen was born (d. 1983). German race car driver.
1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt says he will run for a fourth term as president of the United States.
1944 – Myra Gale Brown was born. Former wife of Jerry Lee Lewis
1945 – Patrick Joseph McGrath was born. Catholic bishop.
1946 – Cuthbert Johnson was born. Benedictine abbot.
1947 – The Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France.
1947 – Bo Lundgren was born. Swedish politician.
1949 – Liona Boyd was born. English-born musician.
1950 – Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank.
1950 – Bruce McGill was born. American actor.
1950 – Pervez Hoodbhoy was born. Pakistani nuclear physicist.
1950 – J.R. Morgan was born. British classical scholar.
1950 – Bonnie Pointer was born. American singer (Pointer Sisters).
1952 – Bill Barber was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
1952 – John Kettley was born. English weather forecaster.
1953 – Leon Spinks was born. American former boxer.
1953 – Mindy Sterling was born. American actress.
1953 – Peter Brown was born. American singer, songwriter and producer.
1953 – Margarida Martins was born. Portuguese founder of the solidarity institution «Abraço».
1954 – Butch Reed was born. American professional wrestler
1955 – The phrase In God We Trust is added to all US currency.
1956 – Sela Ward was born. American actress
1957 – Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismaili worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III
1957 – Michael Rose was born. Jamaican musician (Black Uhuru)
1957 – Peter Murphy was born. British musician – (Bauhaus)
1958 – Andrew Gilbert-Scott was born. British racing driver.
1958 – Hugo Sánchez was born. Mexican footballer.
1958 – Lúcia Veríssimo was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actress.
1959 – Suzanne Vega was born in Santa Monica, California. American singer.
1959 – Richie Sambora was born. Guitarist (Bon Jovi).
1959 – Charlie Parker dies (b. 1882). English cricketer.
1960 – Dahomey (now Benin), Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), and Niger all gain independence.
1960 – To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is first published.
1962 – First transatlantic satellite television transmission.
1962 – Soviet cosmonaut Nikolayev is four days in space, a record.
1962 – Gaetan Duchesne was born (d. 2007). French Canadian ice hockey player.
1962 – Pauline McLynn was born. Irish actress.
1963 – Al MacInnis was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
1963 – Lisa Rinna was born. American actress.
1963 – Sandra Schmirler was born (d. 2000). Canadian curler.
1964 – Craig Charles was born. English actor.
1964 – Kyrill, Prince of Preslav was born. Titular Bulgarian royal family.
1965 – Ernesto Hoost was born. Dutch kickboxer.
1965 – Tony Cottee was born. English footballer.
1965 – Scott Shriner was born. American musician (Weezer)
1966 – Fifa World Cup begins in England.
1966 – Greg Grunberg was born. American actor.
1966 – Mick Molloy was born. Australian comedian
1966 – Delmore Schwartz dies (b. 1913). American poet.
1967 – Jeff Corwin was born. American naturalist and TV personality
1967 – Guy Favreau dies (b. 1917). French Canadian lawyer, politician and judge.
1968 – Michael Geist was born. Canadian academic.
1968 – Esera Tuaolo was born. American football player.
1968 – “Once Upon a Time in the West” premiered at German cinemas. It immediately became an international blockbuster due to its star cast (Charles Bronson, Claudia Cardinale and Henry Fonda), as well as its music.
1969 – David Tao was born. Taiwanese singer-songwriter.
1969 – Guilherme de Andrade e Almeida dies in São Paulo (b. 124 Jul 1890). Brazilian writer and poet.
1970 – Justin Chambers was born. American actor.
1971 – Copper mines in Chile nationalized.
1971 – Brett Hauer was born. American ice hockey player.
1971 – Leisha Hailey was born. American actress and musician Uh Huh Her (band).
1971 – John W. Campbell dies (b. 1910). American writer and editor.
1971 – Pedro Rodríguez dies (b. 1940). Mexican racing driver.
1972 – Michael Rosenbaum was born in Oceanside, New York. American actor.
1972 – Steven Richards was born. Australian racing driver
1972 – Jussi 69 was born. Finnish musician (The 69 Eyes)
1973 – A Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris on approach to Orly Airport, resulting in the death of 122 people.
1973 – Konstantinos Kenteris was born. Greek athlete.
1973 – Andrew Bird was born. American musician.
1974 – André Ooijer was born. Dutch footballer.
1974 – Hermann Hreidarsson was born. Icelandic footballer.
1974 – Pär Lagerkvist dies (b. 1891). Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate.
1975 – Chinese archaeologists discover a large burial site with 6,000 clay statutes of warriors from 221 BC.
1975 – Lil’ Kim was born. American rapper.
1975 – Willie Anderson was born. American football player.
1975 – Rubén Baraja was born. Spanish footballer.
1975 – Riona Hazuki was born. Japanese actress.
1975 – Samer el Nahhal was born. Finnish musician (Lordi)
1976 – Eduardo Najera was born. Mexican-born basketball player.
1977 – Martin Luther King is posthumously rewarded the Medal of Freedom.
1977 – Brandon Short was born. American football player.
1977 – Javier López was born. Puerto Rican baseball player.
1978 – Los Alfaques Disaster: a truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
1979 – The space station Skylab returns to Earth.
1979 – Claude Wagner dies (b. 1925). French Canadian judge and politician.
1979 – Lucília Fraga dies (b. 1895). Brazilian painter.
1980 – T.J. Wilson was born. Canadian professional wrestler
1981 – Andre Johnson was born. American football player.
1981 – Carla Campbell was born. Jamaican model.
1981 – Aaron Proctor was born. American professional wrestling promoter & politician
1981 – Diana Chaves was born. Portuguese actress.
1982 – Defeating West Germany 3–1 at Santiago Bernabéu stadium, Italy wins 1982 edition of the Football World Cup.
1982 – Chris Cooley was born. American football player.
1982 – Lil’ Zane was born. American rapper.
1983 – A Boeing 727 crashes into hilly terrain after a tail strike in Cuenca, Ecuador, claiming 119 lives.
1983 – Kelly Poon was born. Singaporean singer
1983 – Marie Eleonor Serneholt was born. Swedish musician (A*Teens)
1983 – Peter Cincotti was born. American singer songwriter
1983 – Evan Roberts was born. American radio broadcaster
1983 – Marie Serneholt was born. Swedish musician (A*Teens)
1983 – Kellie Shirley was born. English actress.
1983 – Ross Macdonald dies (b. 1915). American-Canadian writer.
1984 – Yorman Bazardo was born. Venezuelan baseball player.
1984 – Rachael Taylor was born. Australian actress.
1984 – Tanith Belbin was born. Canadian ice dancer.
1984 – Hitomi Hyuga was born. Japanese actress.
1985 – Aki Maeda was born. Japanese actress.
1986 – Yoann Gourcuff was born. French footballer.
1986 – Ryan Jarvis was born. English footballer.
1987 – According to the United Nations, the world population crosses the 5,000,000,000 mark.
1987 – Shigeaki Kato was born. Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band)).
1987 – Avi Ran dies (b. 1963). Israeli footballer.
1989 – David Henrie was born. American actor.
1989 – Sir Laurence Olivier dies (b. 1907). English stage and screen actor.
1990 – Oka Crisis in Quebec.
1990 – Caroline Wozniacki was born. Danish tennis player.
1990 – Connor Paolo was born. American actor.
1991 – A Nationair DC-8 crashed during an emergency landing at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing 261. The Canadian charter was ferrying Hajj pilgrims on behalf of Nigeria Airways.
1991 – Total solar eclipse in Hawaii and Mexico.
1991 – Hitoshi Igarashi dies (b. 1947). English-Japanese translator of the Satanic Verses.
1994 – Gary Kildall dies (b. 1942). American computer programmer.
1994 – Savannah dies (b. 1970). American actress.
1994 – Gary Kildall dies. American computer programmer.
1994 – Shannon Wilsey dies (b. 1970). Best known as Savannah. American porno actress.
1995 – Full diplomatic relations are established between the United States and Vietnam.
1995 – A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov An-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba killing 44 people.
1995 – Bosnian Serbs capture the Muslim city of Srebrenica. Many inhabitants are murdered, beginning the so-called Srebrenica Massacre.
1997 – A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov AN-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba 44
1998 – Some 600,000 people gathered in Berlin for the annual Love Parade, billed as the largest celebration of techno music.
1999 – Helen Forrest dies (b. 1917). American jazz singer.
2000 – Pedro Mir dies (b. 1921). Dominican poet.
2000 – Robert Runcie dies (b. 1921). Archbishop of Canterbury
2001 – Herman Brood dies ( suicide) (b. 1946). Dutch singer and artist.
2001 – Cândida Branca Flor dies (b. 12 Nov. 1949). Portuguese singer.
2002 – Former Argentina junta leader Leopoldo Galtieri was arrested for the torture and execution of leftists during the military dictatorship (1976-1983).
2002 – In Venezuela an estimated 600,000 people marched demanding that Pres. Chavez abandon the presidency.
2003 – LahoreDelhi bus service resumed after suspension of 18 months.
2003 – Augusto Abelaira dies (b. 18 Mar 1926). Portuguese writer.
2004 – CIA Director George Tenet leaves his position at the agency.
2004 – Pedro Santana Lopes é indicado para primeiro-ministro de Portugal
2004 – The 15th International AIDS conference began in Bangkok, Thailand.
2004 – Laurance Rockefeller dies (b. 1910). American conservationist and philanthropist.
2005 – Gretchen Franklin dies (b. 1911). English actress.
2005 – Frances Langford dies (b. 1914). American actress and singer.
2005 – Jesús Iglesias dies (b. 1922). Argentine racing driver.
2006 – 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.
2006 – Microsoft‘s official support of Windows 98 and Windows Me ends.
2006 – Barnard Hughes dies (b. 1915). American actor.
2006 – John Spencer dies (b. 1935). English snooker player.
2007 – Lady Bird Johnson dies (b. 1912). First Lady of the United States.
2007 – Alfonso López Michelsen dies (b. 1913). 32nd Colombian President.
2007 – Ed Mirvish dies (b. 1916). Canadian businessman and philanthropist.
2007 – Glenda Adams dies (b. 1939). Australian author.
IrelandNational Day of Commemoration held on nearest Sunday to this date (see Irish calendar).
MongoliaNaadam Holiday
Belgium (partially) – Flemish Day (1302)
ChinaChina National Maritime Day
Benin – Independence Day (1960)
Burkina Faso – Independence Day (1960)
Niger – Independence Day (1960)
Feast Day of Saint Olga (first Russian Saint)
Feast Day of Saint Benedict (founder of the Benedictine Order)
Portugal: Municipal holiday in Santo Tirso and Arcos de Valdevez