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On this day in History – Apr. 02 Abril 2, 2008

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:10 am
 

On this day in History – Apr. 01 Abril 1, 2008

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:11 am
 

On this day in History – Apr. 01

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:11 am
 

On this day in History – Mar. 31 Março 31, 2008

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:07 am
 

On this day in History – Mar. 31

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:07 am
 

On this day in History – Mar. 30 Março 30, 2008

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:34 am
  • 240 BC – 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.
  • 1135 – Moses Maimonides was born. Spanish rabbi and philosopher / Nascimento de Moshé (Moisés) Ben Maimón, médico judeu sefardim, conhecido entre os muçulmanos como Abu Imram Musa ben Maimun Ibn Abdalá, e no ocidente por Maimónides, na Aljama de Córdoba-Espanha. Médico e filósofo.
  • 1191 – Celestine III was elected pope.
  • 1202 – Joachim Van Fiore dies. Italian, founder of Joachimism.
  • 1266 – As Vésperas Sicilianas: o povo de Palermo, capital da Sicília, levanta-se contra Carlos de Anjou, após a cerimónia das Vésperas. A revolta terminará com a coroação do rei de Aragão Pedro III, o Grande, chamado para ocupar o trono.
  • 1282 – Rebels in Sicily successful overthrew French rule under Charles of Anjou. The rebel leaders wrote to Pope Martin IV for support, but Martin promised to assist Charles in reclaiming control of the island.
  • 1282 – The people of Palermo massacred 2,000 French residents in the Sicilian Vespers, a revolt against the Angevin king Charles I.
  • 1296 – Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between the two nations.
  • 1326 – Ivan II of Russia was born (d. 1359). Grand Duke of Muscovy.
  • 1432 – Mehmed II was born (d. 1481). Ottoman sultan who would succeed in capturing Constantinople.
  • 1492 – Ferdinand and Isabella sign a decree aimed at expelling all Jews from Spain unless they convert to Roman Catholicism.
  • 1526 – Konrad Mutian dies (b. 1471). German humanist.
  • 1533 – Henry VIII divorces his 1st wife, Catherine of Aragon
  • 1540 – Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg dies (b. 1469). German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg.
  • 1544 – El padre Bartolomé de las Casas es consagrado en Sevilla obispo de la diócesis mexicana de Chiapas.
  • 1559 – Adam Ries dies (b. 1492). German mathematician.
  • 1587 – Ralph Sadler dies (b. 1507). English statesman.
  • 1615 – Se otorga a Cervantes autorización real para la impresión de la segunda parte de “El Quijote”.
  • 1620 – El Papa Paulo V crea la Diócesis Episcopal de Buenos Aires.
  • 1640 – John Trenchard was born (d. 1695). English politican.
  • 1662 – François le Netel de Boisrobert dies (b. 1592). French poet.
  • 1672 – Peter I “the Great” was born. Romanov great tsar of Russia (1682-1725).
  • 1681 – Peeter Snyers “le Saint”, was born (d. 04 May 1752). Flemish painter/engraver.
  • 1707 – Vauban dies (b. 1633). French architect.
  • 1719 – Sir John Hawkins was born (d. 21 May 1789). English writer in music, author of the first history of music.
  • 1739 – Maria Josepha of Bavaria was born (d. 1757). Holy Roman Empire Empress.
  • 1745 – Antonio Ribeiro dos Santos was born in Massarelos, Porto (d. 16 Jan. 1818 in Lisbon). Portuguese poet.
  • 1746 – Francisco Goya [Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes] was born in Fuentedetodos, Spain (d. 16 Apr 1828). Painter /etcher (Naked Maja).
  • 1750 – John Stafford Smith was born (d. 1836). English composer.
  • 1764 – Pietro Locatelli dies (b. 1695). Italian violinist and composer.
  • 1778 – Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath Id-al-Adha (Islam) .
  • 1783 – William Hunter dies (b. 23 May 1718). Scotish anatomist, educator, and medical writer whose high standards of teaching and medical practice took obstetrics from the hands of the midwives and established it as an accepted branch of medicine .
  • 1791 – After a proposal by the Académie des sciences (Borda, Lagrange, Laplace, Monge and Condorcet), the French National Assembly finally chose that a metre would be a 1/10 000 000 of the distance between the north pole and the equator.
  • 1793 – Juan Manuel de Rosas was born. Argentine politician.
  • 1798 – Luise Hensel was born (d. 1876). German poet.
  • 1804 – Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie dies (b. 1718). Marshal of France.
  • 1811 – Robert Wilhelm von Bunsen was born. Chemist and inventor.
  • 1811 – El Congreso Constituyente de Colombia, presidido por Jorge Tadeo Lozano, aprueba la Constitución de Cundinamarca.
  • 1814 – Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris, ending a decade of French domination on the Continent.
  • 1814 – Neapolitan War: Murat issues the Rimini Declaration which would later inspire Italian Unification.
  • 1820 – Anna Sewell was born (d. 1878). British author ( Black Beauty) .
  • 1822 – Florida Territory created in the United States.
  • 1823 – Se establece en México el sistema republicano de Gobierno.
  • 1828 – François-Louis-David Bocion was born in Lausanne (d. 13 Dec 1890). Swiss painter.
  • 1830 – José da Natividade Saldanha dies in Bogotá, Colombia (b. in Santo Amaro do Jaboatão (PE) 8 Sep 1795). Brazilian poet.
  • 1832 – Stephen Groombridge dies (b. 7 Jan 1755).English merchant and astronomer, who compiled of a star catalog known by his name. A Catalog of Circumpolar Stars, Reduced to January 1, 1810 was published posthumously in 1838, edited by G. Biddell Airy.
  • 1833 – Charles Victor Thirion was born (d. 27 Apr 1878). French artist.
  • 1840 – Beau Brummell dies destitute and mad, in Caen, France. English celebrity and dandy.
  • 1842 – Anesthesia is used for the first time in an operation (Dr. Crawford Long performed the operation and ether was used).
  • 1842 – Marie Louise Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun dies (b. 16 Apr 1755). French Neoclassical painter specialized in Portraits. Starting in 1835, she wrote Souvenirs, her autobiography.
  • 1844 – One of the most important battles of the Dominican War of Independence from Haiti takes place near the city of Santiago de los Caballeros.
  • 1844 – Paul Verlaine was born (d. 1896). French lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)
  • 1845 – España firma un tratado con Venezuela, por el que reconoce la independencia y soberanía de este país.
  • 1852 – James Theodore Bent was born (d. 5 May 1897). British explorer and archaeologist who excavated the magnificent Iron Age ruined city named the Great Zimbabwe, an ancient site in SE Africa that inspired the name of the country Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia).
  • 1853 – Vincent van Gogh was born (d. 29 Jul 1890). Dutch Post-Impressionist painter (Irises)
  • 1855 – Origins of the American Civil War: Bleeding Kansas – “Border Ruffians” from Missouri invade Kansas and force election of a pro-slavery legislature.
  • 1855 – Violence disrupts first Kansas election .
  • 1856 – The Treaty of Paris (1856) is signed, ending the Crimean War.
  • 1857 – Leon Charles Thevenin was born (d. 1926). French telegraph engineer.
  • 1858 – Hymen Lipman patents a pencil with an attached eraser.
  • 1859 – Adelino Fontoura was born (d. 1884). Brazilian poet and actor.
  • 1863 – Danish prince Wilhelm Georg is chosen as King George of Greece.
  • 1863 – Auguste Bravais dies (b. 23 Aug 1811). French physicist and mineralogist, best remembered for his work on the lattice theory of crystals.
  • 1863 – Mary Whiton Calkins was born (d. 26 Feb 1930). As an educator and psychologist, she was the first American woman to attain distinction in these fields of study. Calkins studied psychology at Harvard as a “guest,” since women could not officially register.
  • 1864 – Franz Oppenheimer was born (d. 1943). German sociologist.
  • 1866 – Peter Philippi was born (d. 1958). German artist.
  • 1867 – Alaska is purchased for $7.2 million, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward. The news media call this Seward’s Folly.
  • 1868 – Koloman Moser was born (d. 18 Oct 1918). Austrian painter.
  • 1870 – Texas is readmitted to the Union following Reconstruction.
  • 1870 – 15th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race.
  • 1872 – Júlio Mário Salusse was born in Bom Jardim (RJ) (d. 30 Jan. 1948). Brazilian poet.
  • 1873 – Benedict Augustin Morel dies (b. 22 Nov 1809). Austrian-born French psychologist who introduced the term dementia praecox to refer to a mental and emotional deterioration beginning at the time of puberty. The disorder was renamed schizophrenia in 1908 by the Swiss psychologist Eugen Bleuler. He is the author of “Traité des dégenerescences physiques, intellectuelles et morales de l’espèce humaine” (1857).
  • 1875 – Dalmacio Vélez Sarsfield dies. Argentine statesman and author of the Civil Code (Código Civil).
  • 1875 – Jonathan Campbell was born (d. 1942). Film pioneer.
  • 1876 – Antoine-Jérôme Balard dies (b. 30 Sept 1802). French chemist who in 1826 discovered the element bromine, determined its properties, and studied some of its compounds. Later he proved the presence of bromine in sea plants and animals .
  • 1879 – Coen de Koning was born (d.1954). Dutch speed skater.
  • 1879 – Thomas Couture dies (b. 21 Dec 1818). French painter and teacher.
  • 1880 – Sean O’Casey was born (d. 1964). Irish dramatist, playwright (Playboy of the Western World) .
  • 1882 – Melanie Klein was born. Austrian-British psycho analysis.
  • 1882 – Ramón Mesonero Romanos dies. Writer.
  • 1885 – The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
  • 1885 – Las tropas invasoras guatemaltecas son derrotadas por las salvadoreñas en una batalla librada en los márgenes del río Coco.
  • 1885 – Russian troops inflicted a crushing defeat on Afghan forces Ak Teppe despite orders not to fight.
  • 1886 – Edmund Blampied was born (d. 1966). English painter.
  • 1886 – Joseph-Alfred Mousseau dies (b. 1838). French Canadian politician.
  • 1891 – Arthur William Sidney Herrington was born (d. 6 Sep 1970). American engineer and manufacturer who developed a series of military vehicles, the best known of which was the World War II jeep.
  • 1892 – Stefan Banach was born (d. 31 Aug 1945). Polish mathematician who founded modern functional analysis and helped develop the theory of topological vector spaces.
  • 1892 – Fortunato Depero was born (d. 1960). Italian artist.
  • 1892 – Erhard Milch was born (d. 1972). German field marshal.
  • 1894 – Sergey Ilyushin was born (d. 1977). Russian aerospace engineer.
  • 1895 – British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford-Cambridge.
  • 1895 – Nikolai Bulganin was born (d.1975). Premier of the Soviet Union.
  • 1895 – Jean Giono was born (d. 1970). French author.
  • 1896 – Charilaos Trikoupis dies (b. 1832). Seven times prime-minister of Greece.
  • 1899 – Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay was born (d. 1970). Well known Bengali writer.
  • 1900 – El Gobierno argentino decreta la reforma de algunas frases del himno nacional que España podría considerar ofensivas.
  • 1902 – Ted Heath was born (d. 1969). British musician and band leader.
  • 1902 – Brooke Astor was born. American philanthropist.
  • 1903 – Countee Cullen was born (d. 1946). American poet.
  • 1903 – Joy Ridderhof was born (d. 194). American missionary.1904 – Ripper Collins was born (d. 1970). Baseball player.
  • 1904 – Ripper Collins was born (d. 1970). Baseball player.
  • 1905 – Albert Pierrepoint was born (d. 192). English executioner (d. 1992).
  • 1907 – Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte was born (d. 1994). German Luftwaffe Officer.
  • 1909 – The Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens.
  • 1910 – Josef Marcinkiewicz was born (d. 1940). Polish mathematician.
  • 1911 – Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 meter) completed.
  • 1911 – Ellen Swallow Richards dies (b. 3 Dec 1842). Ellen Henrietta Swallow was an American chemist and founder of the home economics movement in the United States.
  • 1912 – Sultan Abdelhafid signs The Treaty of Fès establishong a France protectorate over Morocco.
  • 1912 – Karl May dies (b. 1842). German author, novelist.
  • 1913 – Richard Helms was born (d. 2002). Director of the Central Intelligence Agency .
  • 1913 – Frankie Laine was born. American singer.
  • 1913 – Marc Davis was born (d. 2000). American animator.
  • 1913 – Richard Helms was born (d. 2002). American Central Intelligence Agency director.
  • 1913 – Censu Tabone was born. President of Malta.
  • 1914 – Sonny Boy Williamson was born in Jackson, Tennessee (d. 1948). American blues vocalist and harmonica virtuoso.
  • 1914 – John Henry Poynting dies (b. 9 Sep 1852).British physicist who introduced a theorem (1884-85) that assigns a value to the rate of flow of electromagnetic energy known as the Poynting vector, introduced in his paper “On the Transfer of Energy in the Electromagnetic Field”(1884).
  • 1916 – El músico Enrique Granados muere a bordo del Sussex, torpedeado por los alemanes.
  • 1916 – Pancho Villa killed 172 at the Guerrero garrison in Mexico.
  • 1919 – McGeorge Bundy was born (d. 1996). American National Security Advisor .
  • 1922 – Gago Coutinho e Sacadura Cabral fazem a primeira travessia aérea do Atlântico Sul.
  • 1922 – Turhan Bey was born. Turkish-Czechoslovakian actor.
  • 1923 – Milton Acorn was born (d. 1986). Canadian poet.
  • 1925 – Stalin supported rights of non-Serbian Yugoslavians.
  • 1925 – Rudolf Steiner dies. Austrian philosopher udolf Steiner dies.
  • 1926 – Ingvar Kamprad was born. Swedish founder of IKEA.
  • 1926 – Thiago de Mello was born. Brazilian poet.
  • 1926 – Werner Torkanowsky was born (d. 1992). German conductor.d.
  • 1927 – Se publica en Madrid la “Antología poética en honor de Góngora”, recopilada por Gerardo Diego.
  • 1927 – Peter Marshall was born. American game show host
  • 1928 – Robert Badinter was born. French politician.
  • 1928 – Tom Sharpe was born. English satirical author
  • 1929 – Richard Dysart was born. American actor.
  • 1929 – Thomas Tuke dies (b. 12 Jun 1858). British painter .
  • 1930 – John Astin was born. American actor.
  • 1930 – Rolf Harris was born. Australian artist, entertainer.
  • 1930 – Peter Marshall was born. American game show host.
  • 1930 – John Astin was born. American actor.
  • 1931 – Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin was born. Russian cosmonaut.
  • 1932 – Amelia Earhart is 1st woman to fly solo cross the Atlantic.
  • 1932 – Ted Morgan was born. Swiss-born writer.
  • 1933 – Jean-Claude Brialy was born. French actor and director.
  • 1935 – Karl Berger was born. German musicologist and musician
  • 1935 – Willie Galimore was born (d. 1964). American football player.
  • 1936 – Conchita Supervía dies (b. 1895). Spanish opera singer.
  • 1937 – Warren Beatty was born in Richmond VA – USA. Actor and director (actor: Splendor in the Grass, The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone, Bonnie and Clyde, McCabe & Mrs. Miller, The Parallax View, Shampoo, Heaven Can Wait, Reds, Dick Tracy, Bulworth, Town and Country; Academy Award-winning director: Reds [1981]; Heaven Can Wait, Dick Tracy, Bulworth; Irving G. Thalberg Memorial [Academy] Award [2000]).
  • 1939 – The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph.
  • 1939 – First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway.
  • 1940 – The Japanese set up a puppet government called Manchuko in Nanking, China.
  • 1940 – Sino-Japanese War: Japan declares Nanking to be the capital of a new Chinese puppet government, nominally controlled by Wang Ching-wei.
  • 1940 – Jerry Lucas was born. American basketball player.
  • 1941 – The U.S. seized Italian, German and Danish ships in 16 ports.
  • 1941 – Wasim Sajjad was born. Former President of Pakistan .
  • 1941 – Graeme Edge was born in Rochester, Staffordshire. Musician (drums: “The Moody Blues” : Nights in White Satin, LP: Kick Off Your Muddy Boots, Long Distance Voyager).
  • 1943 – Ken Forssi was born (d. 1998). American musician (Love).
  • 1943 – Jan Bytnar dies (b. 1921). Polish activist.
  • 1943 – Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski dies (b. 1920). Polish activist.
  • 1944 – Sir Charles Vernon Boys dies (b.15 Mar 1855). English physicist and inventor of sensitive instruments.
  • 1945 – 289 anti-fascists murdered by Nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund .
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet Union forces invade Austria and take Vienna, Polish and Soviet forces liberate Gdańsk.
  • 1945 – World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.
  • 1945 – A cidade polaca de Danzig foi tomada pelas tropas soviéticas.
  • 1945 – Eric Clapton was born. British guitarist/singer.
  • 1946 – Academy Award radio, an anthology radio show on CBS, debuts on this day.
  • 1946 – Doris Day (I) gets married with George Weidler .
  • 1947 – Ryszard Kotla was born. Polish travel writer and activist, tour guide, journalist, academic teacher, engineer.
  • 1947 – Arthur Machen dies (b. 1863). Author.
  • 1947 – Rioting between Hindus and Muslims in Bombay leave 40 dead and more than 100 wounded.
  • 1948 – Mervyn King was born. British economist.
  • 1948 – Eddie Jordan Former owner of Jordan Grand Prix
  • 1948 – Mahatma Gandhi assassinated in New Delhi .
  • 1949 – Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joined NATO.
  • 1949 – Lene Lovich was born on Detroit, Michigan. American singer
  • 1949 – Naomi Sims was born. American fashion model and businesswoman
  • 1949 – Liza Frulla was born. Quebec politician
  • 1949 – Friedrich Bergius dies (b 1884). German chemist and entrepreneur Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1931.
  • 1949 – Marcia Ball was born. Blues pianist .
  • 1949 – José Natividad González Parás was born. Mexican politician.
  • 1949 – Friedrich Bergius dies (b. 11 Oct 1884). German chemist, who invented converting coal dust and hydrogen directly into gasoline and lubricating oils without isolating intermediate products, (Stuttgart, 25 June 1921). For his work in developing the chemical high pressure hydrogenation method necessary for this process he shared the 1931 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Carl Bosch of Germany.
  • 1950 – The invention of the phototransistor was announced. This was a transistor operated by light rather than electric current, invented by Dr. John Northrup Shive of the Bell Telephonke Laboratories at Murray Hill, N.J. .
  • 1950 – Robbie Coltrane was born. Scottish actor and comedian.
  • 1950 – Léon Blum dies (b. 1872). French prime minister.
  • 1951 – Yves Séguin was born. Quebec politician
  • 1951 – Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.
  • 1952 – Peter Knights was born. Australian footballer and coach.
  • 1953 – Einstein announced his revised unified field theory.
  • 1953 – Cydney Bernard was born. American film producer .
  • 1954 – Yonge Street subway line opens in Toronto. It is the first subway in Canada.
  • 1954 – Nascimento de Rosi Campos (Rosângela Martins Campos), atriz brasileira, em Bragança Paulista-SP.
  • 1954 – Fritz Wolfgang London dies (b. 7 Mar 1900). German-American physicist who, with Walter Heitler, devised the first quantum mechanical treatment of the hydrogen molecule, while working with Schrödinger at the University of Zurich.
  • 1955 – 27th Academy Awardst at The RKO Pantages Theater in Los Angeles : “On the Waterfront”,(Sam Spiegel, producer) won Oscars for Best Picture, Director (Elia Kazan), Actor (Marlon Brando), Supporting Actress (Eva Marie Saint) and more (art direction, cinematography, film editing, writing). Grace Kelly was voted Best Actress for “The Country Girl” . Best Supporting Actor was Edmond O’Brien for “The Barefoot Contessa” and Best Music/Song Oscars went to Jule Styne (music), Sammy Cahn (lyrics) for “Three Coins in the Fountain” from the flick of the same name.
  • 1955 – Randy VanWarmer was born (d. 2004). American singer, guitarist and songwriter
  • 1956 – Bill Butler was born. Scottish politician.
  • 1957 – Paul Reiser was born. American actor.
  • 1958 – Israeli and Syrian troops clash over Israeli reclamation work near the Lake Hula area.
  • 1958 – Maurice LaMarche was born. Canadian voice actor.
  • 1959 – Peter Ellis was born. Convicted child abuser
  • 1959 – Sabine Meyer was born. German clarinetist
  • 1959 – Daniil Andreev dies (b. 1906). Russian writer and mystic.
  • 1961 – The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.
  • 1961 – Doug Wickenheiser was born (d. 1999). Canadian ice hockey player.
  • 1962 – MC Hammer was born. America rap musician.
  • 1962 – Jack Paar films his last episode of The Tonight Show.
  • 1962 – MC Hammer was born. American rapper.
  • 1963 – Eli-Eri Moura was born. Brazilian composer, conductor and music theorist.
  • 1964 – Merv Griffin‘s game show Jeopardy! makes its debut on television. Art Fleming hosts the first version, on NBC.
  • 1964 – Tracy Chapman was born. Grammy Award-winning folk, pop singer-songwriter Singer (Freedom Now, I Got a Fast Car).
  • 1964 – Ian Ziering was born. American actor.
  • 1964 – Dave Ellett was born. Canadian hockey player.
  • 1964 – Vlado Bozinovski was born. Australian former footballer
  • 1964 – The game show Jeopardy! debuts on television.
  • 1964 – Nascimento de Vera Zimmermmann (Vera Alice Santos Zimmermann), atriz brasileira, em Santos-SP.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.
  • 1965 – Piers Morgan was born. British journalist
  • 1965 – Philip Showalter Hench dies (b. 28 Feb 1896). American physician who was one of the leaders in American rheumatology. He shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1950(with Edward C. Kendall and Tadeus Reichstein of Switzerland) for discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects .
  • 1966 – Joey Castillo was born. American drummer (Queens of the Stone Age)
  • 1966 – Efstratios Grivas was born. Greek chess grandmaster and author
  • 1966 – Maxfield Parrish dies (b. 1870). American artist.
  • 1966 – Newbold Morris dies (b. 1902). American politician.
  • 1967 – Christopher Bowman was born (d. 2008). American figure skater.
  • 1967 – Megumi Hayashibara was born. Japanese seiyū.
  • 1967 – Jean Toomer dies (b. 1894). American writer.
  • 1968 – General Ludvik Svoboda was elected president of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1968 – Donna D’Errico was born. Actress (Baywatch) model, playmate (September 1995) .
  • 1968 – Céline Dion was in Québec. Canadian singer (I’m Your Woman).
  • 1968 – Bobby Driscoll dies (b. 1937). American actor.
  • 1970 – Secretariat was born (d. 1989). Triple Crown -winning race horse.
  • 1970 – Heinrich Brüning dies (b. 1885). Chancellor of Germany.
  • 1971 – Adam Bennett was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
  • 1971 – Mark Consuelos was born. American actor.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: The Eastertide Offensive begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam.
  • 1972 – Northern Ireland’s provincial government and parliament were suspended and Britain imposed direct rule from London for one year.
  • 1972 – Mili Avital was born. Israeli-American actress.
  • 1972 – Karel Poborský was born. Czeck footballer.
  • 1972 – Gabriel Heatter dies (b. 1890). American radio commentator.
  • 1973 – Ellsworth Bunker resigned as U.S. ambassador to South Vietnam, and was succeeded by Graham A. Martin.
  • 1973 – Jan Koller was born. Czech footballer.
  • 1973 – Matthew Pritchard was born. Welsh Stuntman.
  • 1974 – The Ramones play their first ever gig as a trio at CBGB‘s in New York City.
  • 1975 – Da Nang fell as 100,000 South Vietnamese soldiers surrender after being abandoned by their commanding officers. As the North Vietnamese forces moved toward Saigon, desperate South Vietnamese soldiers mobbed rescue jets. General Vo Nguyen Giap masterminded the North Vietnamese victory.
  • 1975 – Bahar Soomekh was born. American actress
  • 1976 – España: se emplea el vasco en el Ayuntamiento de San Sebastián, después de 40 años.
  • 1976 – Obadele Thompson was born. Barbadian athlete .
  • 1976 – Mark McClelland was born. Northern Irish musician (Degrassi)
  • 1976 – Ty Conklin was born. American ice hockey player.
  • 1976 – Obadele Thompson was born. Barbadian athlete.
  • 1977 – Trans World Airlines v. Hardison: The Supreme Court decided 7-2 that TWA went far enough in attempting to accommodate Hardison’s religious beliefs and that the company was justified in firing him when he refused to comply with his work assignments.
  • 1977 – Abdel Halim Hafez dies (b. 1929). Egyptian singer and actor.
  • 1977 – Sergey Ilyushin dies (b. 1894). Russian aerospace engineer.
  • 1978 – Chris Paterson was born. Scottish rugby player.
  • 1978 – Fabian Basabe was born. American reality series star
  • 1979 – Airey Neave, a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claims responsibility.
  • 1979 – Norah Jones was born. American singer and pianist.
  • 1979 – Simon Webbe was born. English singer.
  • 1979 – José María Velasco Ibarra dies. Equatorian politic.
  • 1980 – Se constituye en la ciudad de Guernica el Parlamento Vasco.
  • 1980 – Paul Wall was born. American rapper.
  • 1980 – Ricardo Osorio was born. Mexican footballer.
  • 1980 – Yalin was born. Turkish singer and songwriter
  • 1981 – President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C. hotel by John Hinckley, Jr., family friend of the Vice President.
  • 1981 – DeWitt Wallace dies (b. 1889). American publisher.
  • 1982 – Pitbull was born. American latin rapper.
  • 1982 – Space Shuttle program: STS-3 Mission completed with the landing of Columbia at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.
  • 1982 – Jason Dohring was born. American actor.
  • 1983 – The 5-day workweek and 8-hour day are officially established in Greece.
  • 1983 – Scott Moffatt was born. Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1983 – Davis Romero was born. Panamanian baseball player
  • 1983 – Hebe Tian was born. Taiwanese singer (S.H.E)
  • 1983 – Jérémie Aliadière was born. French footballer
  • 1983 – Zach Gowen was born. American professional wrestler
  • 1984 – Board of Education of Kiryas Joel Village School v. Grumet: The Supreme Court found that a school district boundary was unconstitutionally drawn to deliberately aid a particular religious group.
  • 1984 – Mario Ancic was born. Croatian tennis player.
  • 1984 – Anna Nalick was born. American singer and songwriter.
  • 1984 – Karl Rahner dies (b. 1904). German theologian.
  • 1985 – Harold Peary dies (b. 1908). American actor and singer.
  • 1986 – Una mujer sometida en Londres a fecundación “in vitro”, Linda Jacobsen, da a luz quintillizos.
  • 1986 – Sergio Ramos was born. Spanish footballer
  • 1986 – Beni Arashiro was born. Japanese singer
  • 1986 – James Cagney dies at his Stanfordville NY farm (b. 1899); American Academy Award actor (Public Enemy, Angels With Dirty Faces, Yankee Doodle Dandy …).
  • 1987 – 59th Academy Awards Cerimony took place at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion of the Los Angeles Music Center. Chevy Chase, Goldie Hawn and Paul Hogan (“Crocodile Dundee”) hosted. : Best Picture “Platoon” (Arnold Kopelson, producer); Best Director: Oliver Stone for “Platoon”; Best Actor : Paul Newman ( for “The Color of Money”); Best Actress: Marlee Matlin for “Children of a Lesser God”; Best Supporting Actor: Michael Caine for “Hannah and Her Sisters”; Best Supporting Actress: Dianne Wiest for “Hannah and Her Sisters” and Best Music/Song: Giorgio Moroder (music), Tom Whitlock (lyrics) for “Take My Breath Away” from “Top Gun”. And HBO (Home Box Office) earned its first Oscar as “Down and Out in America” tied for Best Documentary feature.
  • 1987 – Vincent Van Gogh‘s paintingSunflowers” is bought for $39.85 million.
  • 1988 – Stephen McLeod Blythe was born. Scottish singer (The RipOffs)
  • 1988 – Edgar Faure dies (b. 1908). French politician.
  • 1989 – Sreya was born. Indian actress
  • 1992 – Dimite el Gobierno brasileño por denuncias de corrupción del presidente, Fernando Collor.
  • 1992 – 64th Academy Awards. Billy Crystal was host. “The Silence of the Lambs” won five Oscars, including Best Picture, the Best Director Oscar for Jonathan Demme, the Best Actor for Anthony Hopkins and the Best Actress for Jodie Foster. Jack Palance won Best Supporting Actor for playing Curly in “City Slickers” and the Best Supporting Actress Oscar was claimed by Mercedes Ruehl for “The Fisher King”.
  • 1992 – Incorporação no Exército das primeiras mulheres.
  • 1992 – Manolis Andronikos dies (b. 23 Oct 1919). Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal tombs in northern Greece, possibly belonging to the Macedonian King Philip II, the father of Alexander III the Great.
  • 1993 – In Sarajevo, two Serb militiamen were sentenced to death for war crimes committed in Bosnia.
  • 1993 – Jamaican premier Percival Patterson wins parliamentary election .
  • 1994 – Serbs and Croats signed a cease-fire to end their war in Croatia while Bosnian Muslims and Serbs continued to fight each other.
  • 1995 – Pope John Paul II issued the 11th encyclical of his papacy in which he condemned abortion and euthanasia as crimes that no human laws could legitimize.
  • 1997 – Television channel Five (TV) is launched by the Spice Girls as the fifth British terrestrial TV channel.
  • 1997 – José Rovirosa dies. Mexican film director and producer.
  • 1997 – Steve Elkington wins Golf’s Players Championship .
  • 1998 – Armenia: Prime Minister Robert Kocharian won the runoff vote with 59%.
  • 1998 – In Britain the Rolls-Royce company of Vickers PLC was sold to BMW of Germany for $570 million.
  • 1998 – El tenista chileno Marcelo Ríos se ubica primero en la clasificación de la ATP.
  • 1999 – Michel Etcheverry dies (b. 16 Dec 1919). French actor.
  • 1999 – Gary Morton dies (b. 1924). American film and television producer.
  • 1999 – A jury in Portland, Oregon orders Phillip Morris to pay $81,000,000 to the family of a man who died of lung cancer after smoking Marlboros for four decades.
  • 2001 – David Waters is sentenced for the murders of Madalyn Murray O’Hair, her son Jon Garth, and her granddaughter Robin O’Hair.
  • 2002 – A suicide bomber, Mohammad Salahat (22), struck in Tel Aviv and 32 people were injured. Israeli troops sealed Arafat in his Ramallah compound. A Hamas suicide bomber killed 15 Israelis at the Matza restaurant in Haifa.
  • 2002 – The Angola government and Unita signed a preliminary cease-fire agreement. The deal carved up the nation’s diamond mines among officials in Luanda and the rebels.
  • 2002 – Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon dies (b. 1900). Queen Mother of the United Kingdom.
  • 2002 – Søren Nystrøm Rasted dies (b. 1969). Danish Musician, husband of Lene.
  • 2003 – A law banning cigarette smoking in all places of employment, including restaurants and bars, went into effect in New York City.
  • 2003 – In Netanya, Israel, Rami Ghanem (20), a Palestinian suicide bomber, exploded near the London Café and at least 30 people were injured. The Islamic Jihad called the attack “Palestine’s gift to the heroic people of Iraq.”
  • 2003 – Rudolf Walter Leonhardt dies. German journalist.
  • 2003 – Valentin Pavlov dies (b. 1937). Prime minister of the Soviet Union.
  • 2003 – Michael Jeter dies (b. 1952). American actor.
  • 2004 – Hubert Gregg dies (b. 1914). British broadcaster.
  • 2004 – Michael King dies (b. 1945). New Zealand historian.
  • 2004 – Timi Yuro dies (b. 1940). American singer.
  • 2004 – Alistair Cooke dies (b. 1908). English-born journalist, television host and author. His books included “Alistair Cooke’s America” (1972).
  • 2004 – A boat carrying 107 people sank during the crossing from Somalia to Yemen and only four other people, including two crew members, were rescued.
  • 2005 – Robert Creeley dies in Odessa (b. 1926). American poet.
  • 2005 – Milton Green dies (b. 1913). American athlete.
  • 2005 – Fred Korematsu dies (b. 1919). American civil rights activist.
  • 2005 – O. V. Vijayan dies (b. 1930). Indian author and cartoonist.
  • 2005 – Derrick Plourde dies (b. 1971). American punk drummer.
  • 2006 – Ugadi: Hindu New Years Day. Many believe that Brahma started the creation on this day.
  • 2006 – Marcos Pontes is the first Brazilian astronaut in space.
  • 2006 – UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.
  • 2006 – Ana Montenegro dies (b. 1915). Braziilian journalist and poet.
  • 2006 – Red Hickey dies (b. 1917). American football coach.
  • Roman Empire – Festival devoted to Salus
 

On this day in History – Mar. 30

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:34 am
  • 240 BC – 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.
  • 1135 – Moses Maimonides was born. Spanish rabbi and philosopher / Nascimento de Moshé (Moisés) Ben Maimón, médico judeu sefardim, conhecido entre os muçulmanos como Abu Imram Musa ben Maimun Ibn Abdalá, e no ocidente por Maimónides, na Aljama de Córdoba-Espanha. Médico e filósofo.
  • 1191 – Celestine III was elected pope.
  • 1202 – Joachim Van Fiore dies. Italian, founder of Joachimism.
  • 1266 – As Vésperas Sicilianas: o povo de Palermo, capital da Sicília, levanta-se contra Carlos de Anjou, após a cerimónia das Vésperas. A revolta terminará com a coroação do rei de Aragão Pedro III, o Grande, chamado para ocupar o trono.
  • 1282 – Rebels in Sicily successful overthrew French rule under Charles of Anjou. The rebel leaders wrote to Pope Martin IV for support, but Martin promised to assist Charles in reclaiming control of the island.
  • 1282 – The people of Palermo massacred 2,000 French residents in the Sicilian Vespers, a revolt against the Angevin king Charles I.
  • 1296 – Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between the two nations.
  • 1326 – Ivan II of Russia was born (d. 1359). Grand Duke of Muscovy.
  • 1432 – Mehmed II was born (d. 1481). Ottoman sultan who would succeed in capturing Constantinople.
  • 1492 – Ferdinand and Isabella sign a decree aimed at expelling all Jews from Spain unless they convert to Roman Catholicism.
  • 1526 – Konrad Mutian dies (b. 1471). German humanist.
  • 1533 – Henry VIII divorces his 1st wife, Catherine of Aragon
  • 1540 – Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg dies (b. 1469). German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg.
  • 1544 – El padre Bartolomé de las Casas es consagrado en Sevilla obispo de la diócesis mexicana de Chiapas.
  • 1559 – Adam Ries dies (b. 1492). German mathematician.
  • 1587 – Ralph Sadler dies (b. 1507). English statesman.
  • 1615 – Se otorga a Cervantes autorización real para la impresión de la segunda parte de “El Quijote”.
  • 1620 – El Papa Paulo V crea la Diócesis Episcopal de Buenos Aires.
  • 1640 – John Trenchard was born (d. 1695). English politican.
  • 1662 – François le Netel de Boisrobert dies (b. 1592). French poet.
  • 1672 – Peter I “the Great” was born. Romanov great tsar of Russia (1682-1725).
  • 1681 – Peeter Snyers “le Saint”, was born (d. 04 May 1752). Flemish painter/engraver.
  • 1707 – Vauban dies (b. 1633). French architect.
  • 1719 – Sir John Hawkins was born (d. 21 May 1789). English writer in music, author of the first history of music.
  • 1739 – Maria Josepha of Bavaria was born (d. 1757). Holy Roman Empire Empress.
  • 1745 – Antonio Ribeiro dos Santos was born in Massarelos, Porto (d. 16 Jan. 1818 in Lisbon). Portuguese poet.
  • 1746 – Francisco Goya [Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes] was born in Fuentedetodos, Spain (d. 16 Apr 1828). Painter /etcher (Naked Maja).
  • 1750 – John Stafford Smith was born (d. 1836). English composer.
  • 1764 – Pietro Locatelli dies (b. 1695). Italian violinist and composer.
  • 1778 – Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath Id-al-Adha (Islam) .
  • 1783 – William Hunter dies (b. 23 May 1718). Scotish anatomist, educator, and medical writer whose high standards of teaching and medical practice took obstetrics from the hands of the midwives and established it as an accepted branch of medicine .
  • 1791 – After a proposal by the Académie des sciences (Borda, Lagrange, Laplace, Monge and Condorcet), the French National Assembly finally chose that a metre would be a 1/10 000 000 of the distance between the north pole and the equator.
  • 1793 – Juan Manuel de Rosas was born. Argentine politician.
  • 1798 – Luise Hensel was born (d. 1876). German poet.
  • 1804 – Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie dies (b. 1718). Marshal of France.
  • 1811 – Robert Wilhelm von Bunsen was born. Chemist and inventor.
  • 1811 – El Congreso Constituyente de Colombia, presidido por Jorge Tadeo Lozano, aprueba la Constitución de Cundinamarca.
  • 1814 – Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris, ending a decade of French domination on the Continent.
  • 1814 – Neapolitan War: Murat issues the Rimini Declaration which would later inspire Italian Unification.
  • 1820 – Anna Sewell was born (d. 1878). British author ( Black Beauty) .
  • 1822 – Florida Territory created in the United States.
  • 1823 – Se establece en México el sistema republicano de Gobierno.
  • 1828 – François-Louis-David Bocion was born in Lausanne (d. 13 Dec 1890). Swiss painter.
  • 1830 – José da Natividade Saldanha dies in Bogotá, Colombia (b. in Santo Amaro do Jaboatão (PE) 8 Sep 1795). Brazilian poet.
  • 1832 – Stephen Groombridge dies (b. 7 Jan 1755).English merchant and astronomer, who compiled of a star catalog known by his name. A Catalog of Circumpolar Stars, Reduced to January 1, 1810 was published posthumously in 1838, edited by G. Biddell Airy.
  • 1833 – Charles Victor Thirion was born (d. 27 Apr 1878). French artist.
  • 1840 – Beau Brummell dies destitute and mad, in Caen, France. English celebrity and dandy.
  • 1842 – Anesthesia is used for the first time in an operation (Dr. Crawford Long performed the operation and ether was used).
  • 1842 – Marie Louise Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun dies (b. 16 Apr 1755). French Neoclassical painter specialized in Portraits. Starting in 1835, she wrote Souvenirs, her autobiography.
  • 1844 – One of the most important battles of the Dominican War of Independence from Haiti takes place near the city of Santiago de los Caballeros.
  • 1844 – Paul Verlaine was born (d. 1896). French lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)
  • 1845 – España firma un tratado con Venezuela, por el que reconoce la independencia y soberanía de este país.
  • 1852 – James Theodore Bent was born (d. 5 May 1897). British explorer and archaeologist who excavated the magnificent Iron Age ruined city named the Great Zimbabwe, an ancient site in SE Africa that inspired the name of the country Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia).
  • 1853 – Vincent van Gogh was born (d. 29 Jul 1890). Dutch Post-Impressionist painter (Irises)
  • 1855 – Origins of the American Civil War: Bleeding Kansas – “Border Ruffians” from Missouri invade Kansas and force election of a pro-slavery legislature.
  • 1855 – Violence disrupts first Kansas election .
  • 1856 – The Treaty of Paris (1856) is signed, ending the Crimean War.
  • 1857 – Leon Charles Thevenin was born (d. 1926). French telegraph engineer.
  • 1858 – Hymen Lipman patents a pencil with an attached eraser.
  • 1859 – Adelino Fontoura was born (d. 1884). Brazilian poet and actor.
  • 1863 – Danish prince Wilhelm Georg is chosen as King George of Greece.
  • 1863 – Auguste Bravais dies (b. 23 Aug 1811). French physicist and mineralogist, best remembered for his work on the lattice theory of crystals.
  • 1863 – Mary Whiton Calkins was born (d. 26 Feb 1930). As an educator and psychologist, she was the first American woman to attain distinction in these fields of study. Calkins studied psychology at Harvard as a “guest,” since women could not officially register.
  • 1864 – Franz Oppenheimer was born (d. 1943). German sociologist.
  • 1866 – Peter Philippi was born (d. 1958). German artist.
  • 1867 – Alaska is purchased for $7.2 million, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward. The news media call this Seward’s Folly.
  • 1868 – Koloman Moser was born (d. 18 Oct 1918). Austrian painter.
  • 1870 – Texas is readmitted to the Union following Reconstruction.
  • 1870 – 15th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race.
  • 1872 – Júlio Mário Salusse was born in Bom Jardim (RJ) (d. 30 Jan. 1948). Brazilian poet.
  • 1873 – Benedict Augustin Morel dies (b. 22 Nov 1809). Austrian-born French psychologist who introduced the term dementia praecox to refer to a mental and emotional deterioration beginning at the time of puberty. The disorder was renamed schizophrenia in 1908 by the Swiss psychologist Eugen Bleuler. He is the author of “Traité des dégenerescences physiques, intellectuelles et morales de l’espèce humaine” (1857).
  • 1875 – Dalmacio Vélez Sarsfield dies. Argentine statesman and author of the Civil Code (Código Civil).
  • 1875 – Jonathan Campbell was born (d. 1942). Film pioneer.
  • 1876 – Antoine-Jérôme Balard dies (b. 30 Sept 1802). French chemist who in 1826 discovered the element bromine, determined its properties, and studied some of its compounds. Later he proved the presence of bromine in sea plants and animals .
  • 1879 – Coen de Koning was born (d.1954). Dutch speed skater.
  • 1879 – Thomas Couture dies (b. 21 Dec 1818). French painter and teacher.
  • 1880 – Sean O’Casey was born (d. 1964). Irish dramatist, playwright (Playboy of the Western World) .
  • 1882 – Melanie Klein was born. Austrian-British psycho analysis.
  • 1882 – Ramón Mesonero Romanos dies. Writer.
  • 1885 – The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
  • 1885 – Las tropas invasoras guatemaltecas son derrotadas por las salvadoreñas en una batalla librada en los márgenes del río Coco.
  • 1885 – Russian troops inflicted a crushing defeat on Afghan forces Ak Teppe despite orders not to fight.
  • 1886 – Edmund Blampied was born (d. 1966). English painter.
  • 1886 – Joseph-Alfred Mousseau dies (b. 1838). French Canadian politician.
  • 1891 – Arthur William Sidney Herrington was born (d. 6 Sep 1970). American engineer and manufacturer who developed a series of military vehicles, the best known of which was the World War II jeep.
  • 1892 – Stefan Banach was born (d. 31 Aug 1945). Polish mathematician who founded modern functional analysis and helped develop the theory of topological vector spaces.
  • 1892 – Fortunato Depero was born (d. 1960). Italian artist.
  • 1892 – Erhard Milch was born (d. 1972). German field marshal.
  • 1894 – Sergey Ilyushin was born (d. 1977). Russian aerospace engineer.
  • 1895 – British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford-Cambridge.
  • 1895 – Nikolai Bulganin was born (d.1975). Premier of the Soviet Union.
  • 1895 – Jean Giono was born (d. 1970). French author.
  • 1896 – Charilaos Trikoupis dies (b. 1832). Seven times prime-minister of Greece.
  • 1899 – Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay was born (d. 1970). Well known Bengali writer.
  • 1900 – El Gobierno argentino decreta la reforma de algunas frases del himno nacional que España podría considerar ofensivas.
  • 1902 – Ted Heath was born (d. 1969). British musician and band leader.
  • 1902 – Brooke Astor was born. American philanthropist.
  • 1903 – Countee Cullen was born (d. 1946). American poet.
  • 1903 – Joy Ridderhof was born (d. 194). American missionary.1904 – Ripper Collins was born (d. 1970). Baseball player.
  • 1904 – Ripper Collins was born (d. 1970). Baseball player.
  • 1905 – Albert Pierrepoint was born (d. 192). English executioner (d. 1992).
  • 1907 – Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte was born (d. 1994). German Luftwaffe Officer.
  • 1909 – The Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens.
  • 1910 – Josef Marcinkiewicz was born (d. 1940). Polish mathematician.
  • 1911 – Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 meter) completed.
  • 1911 – Ellen Swallow Richards dies (b. 3 Dec 1842). Ellen Henrietta Swallow was an American chemist and founder of the home economics movement in the United States.
  • 1912 – Sultan Abdelhafid signs The Treaty of Fès establishong a France protectorate over Morocco.
  • 1912 – Karl May dies (b. 1842). German author, novelist.
  • 1913 – Richard Helms was born (d. 2002). Director of the Central Intelligence Agency .
  • 1913 – Frankie Laine was born. American singer.
  • 1913 – Marc Davis was born (d. 2000). American animator.
  • 1913 – Richard Helms was born (d. 2002). American Central Intelligence Agency director.
  • 1913 – Censu Tabone was born. President of Malta.
  • 1914 – Sonny Boy Williamson was born in Jackson, Tennessee (d. 1948). American blues vocalist and harmonica virtuoso.
  • 1914 – John Henry Poynting dies (b. 9 Sep 1852).British physicist who introduced a theorem (1884-85) that assigns a value to the rate of flow of electromagnetic energy known as the Poynting vector, introduced in his paper “On the Transfer of Energy in the Electromagnetic Field”(1884).
  • 1916 – El músico Enrique Granados muere a bordo del Sussex, torpedeado por los alemanes.
  • 1916 – Pancho Villa killed 172 at the Guerrero garrison in Mexico.
  • 1919 – McGeorge Bundy was born (d. 1996). American National Security Advisor .
  • 1922 – Gago Coutinho e Sacadura Cabral fazem a primeira travessia aérea do Atlântico Sul.
  • 1922 – Turhan Bey was born. Turkish-Czechoslovakian actor.
  • 1923 – Milton Acorn was born (d. 1986). Canadian poet.
  • 1925 – Stalin supported rights of non-Serbian Yugoslavians.
  • 1925 – Rudolf Steiner dies. Austrian philosopher udolf Steiner dies.
  • 1926 – Ingvar Kamprad was born. Swedish founder of IKEA.
  • 1926 – Thiago de Mello was born. Brazilian poet.
  • 1926 – Werner Torkanowsky was born (d. 1992). German conductor.d.
  • 1927 – Se publica en Madrid la “Antología poética en honor de Góngora”, recopilada por Gerardo Diego.
  • 1927 – Peter Marshall was born. American game show host
  • 1928 – Robert Badinter was born. French politician.
  • 1928 – Tom Sharpe was born. English satirical author
  • 1929 – Richard Dysart was born. American actor.
  • 1929 – Thomas Tuke dies (b. 12 Jun 1858). British painter .
  • 1930 – John Astin was born. American actor.
  • 1930 – Rolf Harris was born. Australian artist, entertainer.
  • 1930 – Peter Marshall was born. American game show host.
  • 1930 – John Astin was born. American actor.
  • 1931 – Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin was born. Russian cosmonaut.
  • 1932 – Amelia Earhart is 1st woman to fly solo cross the Atlantic.
  • 1932 – Ted Morgan was born. Swiss-born writer.
  • 1933 – Jean-Claude Brialy was born. French actor and director.
  • 1935 – Karl Berger was born. German musicologist and musician
  • 1935 – Willie Galimore was born (d. 1964). American football player.
  • 1936 – Conchita Supervía dies (b. 1895). Spanish opera singer.
  • 1937 – Warren Beatty was born in Richmond VA – USA. Actor and director (actor: Splendor in the Grass, The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone, Bonnie and Clyde, McCabe & Mrs. Miller, The Parallax View, Shampoo, Heaven Can Wait, Reds, Dick Tracy, Bulworth, Town and Country; Academy Award-winning director: Reds [1981]; Heaven Can Wait, Dick Tracy, Bulworth; Irving G. Thalberg Memorial [Academy] Award [2000]).
  • 1939 – The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph.
  • 1939 – First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway.
  • 1940 – The Japanese set up a puppet government called Manchuko in Nanking, China.
  • 1940 – Sino-Japanese War: Japan declares Nanking to be the capital of a new Chinese puppet government, nominally controlled by Wang Ching-wei.
  • 1940 – Jerry Lucas was born. American basketball player.
  • 1941 – The U.S. seized Italian, German and Danish ships in 16 ports.
  • 1941 – Wasim Sajjad was born. Former President of Pakistan .
  • 1941 – Graeme Edge was born in Rochester, Staffordshire. Musician (drums: “The Moody Blues” : Nights in White Satin, LP: Kick Off Your Muddy Boots, Long Distance Voyager).
  • 1943 – Ken Forssi was born (d. 1998). American musician (Love).
  • 1943 – Jan Bytnar dies (b. 1921). Polish activist.
  • 1943 – Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski dies (b. 1920). Polish activist.
  • 1944 – Sir Charles Vernon Boys dies (b.15 Mar 1855). English physicist and inventor of sensitive instruments.
  • 1945 – 289 anti-fascists murdered by Nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund .
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet Union forces invade Austria and take Vienna, Polish and Soviet forces liberate Gdańsk.
  • 1945 – World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.
  • 1945 – A cidade polaca de Danzig foi tomada pelas tropas soviéticas.
  • 1945 – Eric Clapton was born. British guitarist/singer.
  • 1946 – Academy Award radio, an anthology radio show on CBS, debuts on this day.
  • 1946 – Doris Day (I) gets married with George Weidler .
  • 1947 – Ryszard Kotla was born. Polish travel writer and activist, tour guide, journalist, academic teacher, engineer.
  • 1947 – Arthur Machen dies (b. 1863). Author.
  • 1947 – Rioting between Hindus and Muslims in Bombay leave 40 dead and more than 100 wounded.
  • 1948 – Mervyn King was born. British economist.
  • 1948 – Eddie Jordan Former owner of Jordan Grand Prix
  • 1948 – Mahatma Gandhi assassinated in New Delhi .
  • 1949 – Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joined NATO.
  • 1949 – Lene Lovich was born on Detroit, Michigan. American singer
  • 1949 – Naomi Sims was born. American fashion model and businesswoman
  • 1949 – Liza Frulla was born. Quebec politician
  • 1949 – Friedrich Bergius dies (b 1884). German chemist and entrepreneur Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1931.
  • 1949 – Marcia Ball was born. Blues pianist .
  • 1949 – José Natividad González Parás was born. Mexican politician.
  • 1949 – Friedrich Bergius dies (b. 11 Oct 1884). German chemist, who invented converting coal dust and hydrogen directly into gasoline and lubricating oils without isolating intermediate products, (Stuttgart, 25 June 1921). For his work in developing the chemical high pressure hydrogenation method necessary for this process he shared the 1931 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Carl Bosch of Germany.
  • 1950 – The invention of the phototransistor was announced. This was a transistor operated by light rather than electric current, invented by Dr. John Northrup Shive of the Bell Telephonke Laboratories at Murray Hill, N.J. .
  • 1950 – Robbie Coltrane was born. Scottish actor and comedian.
  • 1950 – Léon Blum dies (b. 1872). French prime minister.
  • 1951 – Yves Séguin was born. Quebec politician
  • 1951 – Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.
  • 1952 – Peter Knights was born. Australian footballer and coach.
  • 1953 – Einstein announced his revised unified field theory.
  • 1953 – Cydney Bernard was born. American film producer .
  • 1954 – Yonge Street subway line opens in Toronto. It is the first subway in Canada.
  • 1954 – Nascimento de Rosi Campos (Rosângela Martins Campos), atriz brasileira, em Bragança Paulista-SP.
  • 1954 – Fritz Wolfgang London dies (b. 7 Mar 1900). German-American physicist who, with Walter Heitler, devised the first quantum mechanical treatment of the hydrogen molecule, while working with Schrödinger at the University of Zurich.
  • 1955 – 27th Academy Awardst at The RKO Pantages Theater in Los Angeles : “On the Waterfront”,(Sam Spiegel, producer) won Oscars for Best Picture, Director (Elia Kazan), Actor (Marlon Brando), Supporting Actress (Eva Marie Saint) and more (art direction, cinematography, film editing, writing). Grace Kelly was voted Best Actress for “The Country Girl” . Best Supporting Actor was Edmond O’Brien for “The Barefoot Contessa” and Best Music/Song Oscars went to Jule Styne (music), Sammy Cahn (lyrics) for “Three Coins in the Fountain” from the flick of the same name.
  • 1955 – Randy VanWarmer was born (d. 2004). American singer, guitarist and songwriter
  • 1956 – Bill Butler was born. Scottish politician.
  • 1957 – Paul Reiser was born. American actor.
  • 1958 – Israeli and Syrian troops clash over Israeli reclamation work near the Lake Hula area.
  • 1958 – Maurice LaMarche was born. Canadian voice actor.
  • 1959 – Peter Ellis was born. Convicted child abuser
  • 1959 – Sabine Meyer was born. German clarinetist
  • 1959 – Daniil Andreev dies (b. 1906). Russian writer and mystic.
  • 1961 – The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.
  • 1961 – Doug Wickenheiser was born (d. 1999). Canadian ice hockey player.
  • 1962 – MC Hammer was born. America rap musician.
  • 1962 – Jack Paar films his last episode of The Tonight Show.
  • 1962 – MC Hammer was born. American rapper.
  • 1963 – Eli-Eri Moura was born. Brazilian composer, conductor and music theorist.
  • 1964 – Merv Griffin‘s game show Jeopardy! makes its debut on television. Art Fleming hosts the first version, on NBC.
  • 1964 – Tracy Chapman was born. Grammy Award-winning folk, pop singer-songwriter Singer (Freedom Now, I Got a Fast Car).
  • 1964 – Ian Ziering was born. American actor.
  • 1964 – Dave Ellett was born. Canadian hockey player.
  • 1964 – Vlado Bozinovski was born. Australian former footballer
  • 1964 – The game show Jeopardy! debuts on television.
  • 1964 – Nascimento de Vera Zimmermmann (Vera Alice Santos Zimmermann), atriz brasileira, em Santos-SP.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.
  • 1965 – Piers Morgan was born. British journalist
  • 1965 – Philip Showalter Hench dies (b. 28 Feb 1896). American physician who was one of the leaders in American rheumatology. He shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1950(with Edward C. Kendall and Tadeus Reichstein of Switzerland) for discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects .
  • 1966 – Joey Castillo was born. American drummer (Queens of the Stone Age)
  • 1966 – Efstratios Grivas was born. Greek chess grandmaster and author
  • 1966 – Maxfield Parrish dies (b. 1870). American artist.
  • 1966 – Newbold Morris dies (b. 1902). American politician.
  • 1967 – Christopher Bowman was born (d. 2008). American figure skater.
  • 1967 – Megumi Hayashibara was born. Japanese seiyū.
  • 1967 – Jean Toomer dies (b. 1894). American writer.
  • 1968 – General Ludvik Svoboda was elected president of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1968 – Donna D’Errico was born. Actress (Baywatch) model, playmate (September 1995) .
  • 1968 – Céline Dion was in Québec. Canadian singer (I’m Your Woman).
  • 1968 – Bobby Driscoll dies (b. 1937). American actor.
  • 1970 – Secretariat was born (d. 1989). Triple Crown -winning race horse.
  • 1970 – Heinrich Brüning dies (b. 1885). Chancellor of Germany.
  • 1971 – Adam Bennett was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
  • 1971 – Mark Consuelos was born. American actor.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: The Eastertide Offensive begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam.
  • 1972 – Northern Ireland’s provincial government and parliament were suspended and Britain imposed direct rule from London for one year.
  • 1972 – Mili Avital was born. Israeli-American actress.
  • 1972 – Karel Poborský was born. Czeck footballer.
  • 1972 – Gabriel Heatter dies (b. 1890). American radio commentator.
  • 1973 – Ellsworth Bunker resigned as U.S. ambassador to South Vietnam, and was succeeded by Graham A. Martin.
  • 1973 – Jan Koller was born. Czech footballer.
  • 1973 – Matthew Pritchard was born. Welsh Stuntman.
  • 1974 – The Ramones play their first ever gig as a trio at CBGB‘s in New York City.
  • 1975 – Da Nang fell as 100,000 South Vietnamese soldiers surrender after being abandoned by their commanding officers. As the North Vietnamese forces moved toward Saigon, desperate South Vietnamese soldiers mobbed rescue jets. General Vo Nguyen Giap masterminded the North Vietnamese victory.
  • 1975 – Bahar Soomekh was born. American actress
  • 1976 – España: se emplea el vasco en el Ayuntamiento de San Sebastián, después de 40 años.
  • 1976 – Obadele Thompson was born. Barbadian athlete .
  • 1976 – Mark McClelland was born. Northern Irish musician (Degrassi)
  • 1976 – Ty Conklin was born. American ice hockey player.
  • 1976 – Obadele Thompson was born. Barbadian athlete.
  • 1977 – Trans World Airlines v. Hardison: The Supreme Court decided 7-2 that TWA went far enough in attempting to accommodate Hardison’s religious beliefs and that the company was justified in firing him when he refused to comply with his work assignments.
  • 1977 – Abdel Halim Hafez dies (b. 1929). Egyptian singer and actor.
  • 1977 – Sergey Ilyushin dies (b. 1894). Russian aerospace engineer.
  • 1978 – Chris Paterson was born. Scottish rugby player.
  • 1978 – Fabian Basabe was born. American reality series star
  • 1979 – Airey Neave, a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claims responsibility.
  • 1979 – Norah Jones was born. American singer and pianist.
  • 1979 – Simon Webbe was born. English singer.
  • 1979 – José María Velasco Ibarra dies. Equatorian politic.
  • 1980 – Se constituye en la ciudad de Guernica el Parlamento Vasco.
  • 1980 – Paul Wall was born. American rapper.
  • 1980 – Ricardo Osorio was born. Mexican footballer.
  • 1980 – Yalin was born. Turkish singer and songwriter
  • 1981 – President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C. hotel by John Hinckley, Jr., family friend of the Vice President.
  • 1981 – DeWitt Wallace dies (b. 1889). American publisher.
  • 1982 – Pitbull was born. American latin rapper.
  • 1982 – Space Shuttle program: STS-3 Mission completed with the landing of Columbia at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.
  • 1982 – Jason Dohring was born. American actor.
  • 1983 – The 5-day workweek and 8-hour day are officially established in Greece.
  • 1983 – Scott Moffatt was born. Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1983 – Davis Romero was born. Panamanian baseball player
  • 1983 – Hebe Tian was born. Taiwanese singer (S.H.E)
  • 1983 – Jérémie Aliadière was born. French footballer
  • 1983 – Zach Gowen was born. American professional wrestler
  • 1984 – Board of Education of Kiryas Joel Village School v. Grumet: The Supreme Court found that a school district boundary was unconstitutionally drawn to deliberately aid a particular religious group.
  • 1984 – Mario Ancic was born. Croatian tennis player.
  • 1984 – Anna Nalick was born. American singer and songwriter.
  • 1984 – Karl Rahner dies (b. 1904). German theologian.
  • 1985 – Harold Peary dies (b. 1908). American actor and singer.
  • 1986 – Una mujer sometida en Londres a fecundación “in vitro”, Linda Jacobsen, da a luz quintillizos.
  • 1986 – Sergio Ramos was born. Spanish footballer
  • 1986 – Beni Arashiro was born. Japanese singer
  • 1986 – James Cagney dies at his Stanfordville NY farm (b. 1899); American Academy Award actor (Public Enemy, Angels With Dirty Faces, Yankee Doodle Dandy …).
  • 1987 – 59th Academy Awards Cerimony took place at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion of the Los Angeles Music Center. Chevy Chase, Goldie Hawn and Paul Hogan (“Crocodile Dundee”) hosted. : Best Picture “Platoon” (Arnold Kopelson, producer); Best Director: Oliver Stone for “Platoon”; Best Actor : Paul Newman ( for “The Color of Money”); Best Actress: Marlee Matlin for “Children of a Lesser God”; Best Supporting Actor: Michael Caine for “Hannah and Her Sisters”; Best Supporting Actress: Dianne Wiest for “Hannah and Her Sisters” and Best Music/Song: Giorgio Moroder (music), Tom Whitlock (lyrics) for “Take My Breath Away” from “Top Gun”. And HBO (Home Box Office) earned its first Oscar as “Down and Out in America” tied for Best Documentary feature.
  • 1987 – Vincent Van Gogh‘s paintingSunflowers” is bought for $39.85 million.
  • 1988 – Stephen McLeod Blythe was born. Scottish singer (The RipOffs)
  • 1988 – Edgar Faure dies (b. 1908). French politician.
  • 1989 – Sreya was born. Indian actress
  • 1992 – Dimite el Gobierno brasileño por denuncias de corrupción del presidente, Fernando Collor.
  • 1992 – 64th Academy Awards. Billy Crystal was host. “The Silence of the Lambs” won five Oscars, including Best Picture, the Best Director Oscar for Jonathan Demme, the Best Actor for Anthony Hopkins and the Best Actress for Jodie Foster. Jack Palance won Best Supporting Actor for playing Curly in “City Slickers” and the Best Supporting Actress Oscar was claimed by Mercedes Ruehl for “The Fisher King”.
  • 1992 – Incorporação no Exército das primeiras mulheres.
  • 1992 – Manolis Andronikos dies (b. 23 Oct 1919). Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal tombs in northern Greece, possibly belonging to the Macedonian King Philip II, the father of Alexander III the Great.
  • 1993 – In Sarajevo, two Serb militiamen were sentenced to death for war crimes committed in Bosnia.
  • 1993 – Jamaican premier Percival Patterson wins parliamentary election .
  • 1994 – Serbs and Croats signed a cease-fire to end their war in Croatia while Bosnian Muslims and Serbs continued to fight each other.
  • 1995 – Pope John Paul II issued the 11th encyclical of his papacy in which he condemned abortion and euthanasia as crimes that no human laws could legitimize.
  • 1997 – Television channel Five (TV) is launched by the Spice Girls as the fifth British terrestrial TV channel.
  • 1997 – José Rovirosa dies. Mexican film director and producer.
  • 1997 – Steve Elkington wins Golf’s Players Championship .
  • 1998 – Armenia: Prime Minister Robert Kocharian won the runoff vote with 59%.
  • 1998 – In Britain the Rolls-Royce company of Vickers PLC was sold to BMW of Germany for $570 million.
  • 1998 – El tenista chileno Marcelo Ríos se ubica primero en la clasificación de la ATP.
  • 1999 – Michel Etcheverry dies (b. 16 Dec 1919). French actor.
  • 1999 – Gary Morton dies (b. 1924). American film and television producer.
  • 1999 – A jury in Portland, Oregon orders Phillip Morris to pay $81,000,000 to the family of a man who died of lung cancer after smoking Marlboros for four decades.
  • 2001 – David Waters is sentenced for the murders of Madalyn Murray O’Hair, her son Jon Garth, and her granddaughter Robin O’Hair.
  • 2002 – A suicide bomber, Mohammad Salahat (22), struck in Tel Aviv and 32 people were injured. Israeli troops sealed Arafat in his Ramallah compound. A Hamas suicide bomber killed 15 Israelis at the Matza restaurant in Haifa.
  • 2002 – The Angola government and Unita signed a preliminary cease-fire agreement. The deal carved up the nation’s diamond mines among officials in Luanda and the rebels.
  • 2002 – Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon dies (b. 1900). Queen Mother of the United Kingdom.
  • 2002 – Søren Nystrøm Rasted dies (b. 1969). Danish Musician, husband of Lene.
  • 2003 – A law banning cigarette smoking in all places of employment, including restaurants and bars, went into effect in New York City.
  • 2003 – In Netanya, Israel, Rami Ghanem (20), a Palestinian suicide bomber, exploded near the London Café and at least 30 people were injured. The Islamic Jihad called the attack “Palestine’s gift to the heroic people of Iraq.”
  • 2003 – Rudolf Walter Leonhardt dies. German journalist.
  • 2003 – Valentin Pavlov dies (b. 1937). Prime minister of the Soviet Union.
  • 2003 – Michael Jeter dies (b. 1952). American actor.
  • 2004 – Hubert Gregg dies (b. 1914). British broadcaster.
  • 2004 – Michael King dies (b. 1945). New Zealand historian.
  • 2004 – Timi Yuro dies (b. 1940). American singer.
  • 2004 – Alistair Cooke dies (b. 1908). English-born journalist, television host and author. His books included “Alistair Cooke’s America” (1972).
  • 2004 – A boat carrying 107 people sank during the crossing from Somalia to Yemen and only four other people, including two crew members, were rescued.
  • 2005 – Robert Creeley dies in Odessa (b. 1926). American poet.
  • 2005 – Milton Green dies (b. 1913). American athlete.
  • 2005 – Fred Korematsu dies (b. 1919). American civil rights activist.
  • 2005 – O. V. Vijayan dies (b. 1930). Indian author and cartoonist.
  • 2005 – Derrick Plourde dies (b. 1971). American punk drummer.
  • 2006 – Ugadi: Hindu New Years Day. Many believe that Brahma started the creation on this day.
  • 2006 – Marcos Pontes is the first Brazilian astronaut in space.
  • 2006 – UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.
  • 2006 – Ana Montenegro dies (b. 1915). Braziilian journalist and poet.
  • 2006 – Red Hickey dies (b. 1917). American football coach.
  • Roman Empire – Festival devoted to Salus
 

On this day in History – Mar. 29 Março 29, 2008

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:54 am
  • 0537 – Vigilius was consecrated and enthroned as Pope, replacing Silverius.
  • 1058 – Pope Stephen X dies.
  • 1249 – A cidade de Faro foi conquistada aos Mouros pelo Rei D. Afonso III .
  • 1461 – Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton – Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England. Margarida de Anjou run away from England and Henrique VI is made prisioner in Tower of London .
  • 1549 – The city of Salvador da Bahia, first capital of Brazil, is founded.
  • 1553 – Vitsentzos Kornaros wa or (d.1613 or 1614). Greek Renaissance poet.
  • 1561 – Santorio Santorio was born (d. 22 Feb 1636). Italian physician who made the first systematic study of basal metabolism. In his research, he was also the first to employ instruments of precision and to apply quantitative experimental research techniques in the practice of medicine.
  • 1584 – Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron was born (d. 1648). English general.
  • 1602 – John Lightfoot was born (d. 1675). English churchman.
  • 1629 – Jacob (or Jacques) de Gheyn II dies (b. 1565). Dutch draftsman, engraver, and painter.
  • 1631 (burial) Jorge Manuel Theotocopoulos (or Theotocopouli), dies. Toledo Spanish painter and architect born in 1578, son of Doménikos Theotokópoulos “El Greco” [1541 – 07 Apr 1614] and Doña Jerónima de Las Cuevas, who were not married.
  • 1632 – Treaty of Saint-Germain signed, returning Quebec to French control after the English had seized it in 1629.
  • 1638 – Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden.
  • 1668 – Thomas Coram was born (d. 1751). Founder of the Foundling Hospital.
  • 1713 – John Ponsonby was born (d. 1789). Irish politician.
  • 1746 – Carlo Buonaparte was born (d. 1785). Father of Napoleon Bonaparte.
  • 1758 – Scott-Pierre-Nicolas Legrand de Lérant, was born (d. 11 may 1829). French artist.
  • 1769 – Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult was born (d. 1851). French marshal.
  • 1772 – Emanuel Swedenborg dies (b. 1688). Swedish philosopher and mathematician.
  • 1788 – As Fábricas e Manufacturas das três comarcas de Portalegre, Fundão e Covilhã são entregues a particulares.
  • 1790 – John Tyler was born (d. 1862). 10th President of the United States
  • 1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade at Stockholm‘s Royal Opera just 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
  • 1794 – Marie-Jean Antoine de Condorcet dies (b. 1743). Marquis de Condorcet, French enciclopedist, mathematicien, philosopher and politician.
  • 1799 – New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state .
  • 1802 – Johann Moritz (or Juan Mauricio) Rugendas, dies of a heart attack. German painter who is noted particularly for his drawings and paintings of Brazil and other Latin American countries.
  • 1806 – Construction authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.
  • 1809 – King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicated after a coup d’état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland‘s four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
  • 1809 – Portugal: Desastre da Ponte das Barcas: durante a II Invasão Francesa, o exército comandado pelo marechal Soult consegue entrar na cidade do Porto; a população foge pelo sul da cidade através da antiga Ponte das Barcas que ruindo vitimou milhares de pessoas.
  • 1812 – Johann Friedrick Dryander dies (b. 26 Apr 1756). German artist.
  • 1815 – Jane Austen completes her novel Emma.
  • 1819 – Edwin Laurentine Drake was born (d. 8 Nov 1880). American driller of the first productive oil well near Titusville, Pennsylvania, that launched the modern U.S. petroleum industry .
  • 1819 – Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise was born. Founder of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations and the Hebrew Union College.
  • 1824 – Ludwig Büchner was born (d.30 Apr 1899).German physician and philosopher who became one of the most popular exponents of 19th-century scientific materialism. He wrote many works to disseminate knowledge of the natural sciences.
  • 1826 – Wilhelm Liebknecht was born (d. 1900). German journalist and politician.
  • 1826 – Johann Heinrich Voß dies (b. 1751). German poet.
  • 1829 – Muere el Brig. Gral. Cornelio Saavedra, jefe del Regimiento de Patricios y presidente de la Primera Junta de Gobierno de Argentina.
  • 1830 – Criação da primeira Escola Veterinária Portuguesa, por diploma de D. Miguel.
  • 1831 – Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey
  • 1833 – Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach was born. Jurist.
  • 1835 – Gustaf Zander was born (d. 1920). Physician.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.
  • 1848 – An upstream ice jam stops almost all water flow over Niagara Falls.
  • Inauguração da Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil,(antiga Cia. de Estrada de Ferro D.PedroII), ligando o Rio de Janeiro até a Vila de Queimados (48,1Km – 5 estações), em 1858;
  • 1849 – The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab .
  • 1853 – Elihu Thomson was born (d. 13 Mar 1937). U.S. electrical engineer and inventor whose discoveries in the field of alternating current phenomena led to the development of successful alternating current motors .
  • 1857 – Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry revolts against the British rule in India and inspires a long-drawn War of Independence of 1857 also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
  • 1865 – El Gobierno paraguayo declara la guerra a Argentina.
  • 1867 – Se dicta la primera constitución de Canadá.
  • 1867 – Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the British North America Act which establishes the Dominion of Canada on July 1.
  • 1867 – Cy Young was born (d. 1955). Baseball Hall of Famer.
  • 1869 – Aleš Hrdlička was born (d. 5 Sep 1943). Czechoslovakian-American physical anthropologist known for his studies of Neanderthal man and his theory of the migration of American Indians from Asia.
  • 1870 – Pavlos Melas was born (d. 1904). Greek officer who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.
  • 1871 – The Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria.
  • 1873 – Tullio Levi-Civita was born (d. 29 Dec 1941).Italian mathematician who was one of the founders of absolute differential calculus (tensor analysis) which had applications to the theory of relativity.
  • 1873 – Francesco Zantedeschi dies (b.1797). Italian priest and physicist.
  • 1874 – Lou Hoover was born (d. 1944). First Lady of the United States.
  • 1877 – Alexander Carl Heinrich Braun dies (b.10 May 1805).German botanist who was the most highly regarded botanist of the “nature philosophy” school, a doctrine which attempted to explain natural phenomena in terms of the speculative theories that dominated early 19th-century German science .
  • 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.
  • 1879 – Tschaikovski’s opera “Yevgeni Onegin” premieres in Moscow .
  • 1882 – The Knights of Columbus are established.
  • 1885 – Un ejército guatemalteco capitaneado por el presidente, José María Reina Barrios, penetra en territorio salvadoreño.
  • 1885 – Una escuadra francesa se apodera de las islas de los Pescadores, tras un combate con la flota china.
  • 1886 – The first batch of Coca Cola was brewed over a fire in a backyard in Atlanta, Georgia. Dr John Pemberton had created the concoction as a cure for “hangover,” stomach ache and headache. He advertised it as a “brain tonic and intellectual beverage,” and first sold it to the public a few weeks later on 8 May. Coke contained cocaine as an ingredient until 1904, when the drug was banned by Congress.
  • 1889 – Warner Baxter was born (d. 1951). American actor.
  • 1889 – Teófilo Dias dies (b. 1854). Brazilian politician and poet.
  • 1890 – Sir Harold Spencer Jones was born (d. 3 Nov 1960). English astronomer who was 10th astronomer royal of England (1933–55). His work was devoted to fundamental positional astronomy.
  • 1891 – Alfred Neubauer was born (d. 1980). German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz).
  • 1891 – Yvan Goll was born († 1950). French-German lyricist and dramatist.
  • 1891 – Georges Pierre Seurat dies (b. 02 Dec 1859). French Pointillist painter.
  • 1892 – József Cardinal Mindszenty was born (d. 1975). Hungarian Catholic cardinal.
  • 1892 – Sir William Bowman dies (b.20 Jul 1816).(1st Baronet) was an English surgeon and histologist who obtained a European reputation for medical research long before he was thirty years of age .
  • 1895 – Anne Redpath was born. Scottish painter.
  • 1895 – Ernst Jünger was born († 1998). German author.
  • 1897 – Ruby Muhammad was born. American wife of Elijah Muhammad
  • 1899 – Lavrenty Beria was born (d. 1953). Soviet Communist leader.
  • 1900 – Bill Aston was born (d. 1974). British racing driver.
  • 1900 – John McEwen was born (d. 1980). Eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia.
  • 1900 – Charles Elton was born (d. 1 May 1991). English biologist credited with describing the “sociology and economy of animals,” thus outlining the basic principles of modern animal ecology. He thought of the “community” as a group of species related through the food chains.
  • 1901 – Andrija Maurovic was born (d. 1981). Croatian illustrator.
  • 1901 – Carl Barks was born (d. 2000). American cartoonist.
  • 1902 – Marcel Aymé was born (d. 1967). French narrator and dramatist, humorist and satirist.
  • 1902 – William Walton was born (d. 1983). English composer.
  • 1903 – Gustavus Swift was born (b. 24 Jun 1839). American manufacturer and inventor of the first refrigerated railroad cars. These improved his handling of the supply of beef from western states to the Chicago meat company of which he was a partner .
  • 1905 – Edward Burra was born in England (d. 22 Oct 1976). Surrealist painter, illustrator, and stage designer.
  • 1905 – Philip Ahn was born (d. 1978). Korean-American actor.
  • 1906 – E. Power Biggs was born (d. 1977). American concert organist.
  • 1906 – Slava Raskaj dies (b. 1878). Painter.
  • 1907 – “Braguinha” was born (d. 2006). Brazilian songwriter.
  • 1908 – La Cámara de los Comunes británica concede el derecho de voto a las mujeres.
  • 1908 – Arthur O’Connell was born (d. 1981). American actor.
  • 1908 – Dennis O’Keefe was born (d. 1968). American actor.
  • 1911 – Brigitte Horney was born (d. 1988). German actress.
  • 1911 – Designed by John Browning, the M1911 semi-automatic handgun became the standard-issue handgun in the United States Army, and was subsequently widely used in World War I, World War II and the Korean War.
  • 1911 – Criação em Portugal do ensino infantil para ambos os sexos.
  • 1912 – Robert Falcon Scott dies (b. 1868). Explorer.
  • 1912 – Hanna Reitsch was born (d. 1979). German aviator.
  • 1913 – Tony Zale was born (d. 1997). American boxeur who was World champion.
  • 1913 – R. S. Thomas was born (d. 2000). Welsh poet.
  • 1916 – Eugene McCarthy was born (d. 1916). U.S. senator
  • 1918 – Sam Walton was born (d. 1992). American businessman, founder of Wal-Mart.
  • 1918 – Pearl Bailey was born (d. 1990). American singer and actress.
  • 1919 – Eileen Heckart was born (d. 2001). American actress.
  • 1921 – John Burroughs dies (b. 3 Apr 1837). American naturalist and author who lived and wrote after the manner of Henry David Thoreau. Burroughs studyied and celebrated nature in his many essays and books.
  • 1927 – John Robert Vane was born (d. 19 Nov 2004). English biochemist, who shared the 1982 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (with Sune K. Bergström and Bengt Ingemar Samuelsson of Sweden) for their isolation, identification, and analysis of prostaglandins.
  • 1927 – John McLaughlin was born. American political commentator.
  • 1927 – John Robert Vane was born (d. 2004). English pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1929 – Lennart Meri was born. President of Estonia.
  • 1930 – Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.
  • 1930 – Nascimento de Lima Duarte (Aryclenes Venâncio Martins), grande ator brasileiro, em Desemboque- MG, no ano de 1930;
  • 1931 – Aleksei Gubarev was born. Cosmonaut.
  • 1931 – George Amos Dorsey dies (b. 6 Feb 1868). U.S. ethnographer of North American Indians, especially the Mandan tribe.
  • 1932 – American comedian Jack Benny makes his radio debut.
  • 1934 – Otto Hermann Kahn, dies, millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867).
  • 1935 – Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer, dies (b. 2 Jun 1850).English physiologist, one of the founders of endocrinology and inventor of the prone-pressure method (Schafer method) of artificial respiration adopted by the Royal Life Saving Society.
  • 1936 – In Germany, dictator Hitler receives 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany’s illegal reoccupation of the Rhineland, receiving 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters. In 1933 all political parties and political liberty had been abolished.
  • 1936 – Judith Guest was born. American author.
  • 1936 – Mogens Camre was born. Danish politician.
  • 1937 – Billy Carter was born (d. 1988). Presidential brother.
  • 1937 – Karol Szymanowski dies (b. 1882). Polish composer.
  • 1939 – Terence Hill was born in Venice, Veneto. Italian actor ( Lo chiamavano Trinità (1971) …. Trinity… aka My Name Is Trinity ) .
  • 1939 – Fernanda de Figueiredo nasce em Lisboa. Actriz. [ (A Cruz de Ferro ou "The Iron Cross" (1968) ; Domingo à Tarde ou "Sunday Afternoon" (1966); Fado Corrido (1964); 9 Rapazes e 1 Cão (1964)] .
  • 1939 – Alfredo Tropa, nasce no Porto. Realizador de cinema e televisão português. Produtor. (O Maioral (1985) Ao Pensar em Electrónica (1980) Barbara (1980/II) Made In – II (1980) O Povo e a Arte (1975) Povo e o Barro, O (1975) Povo e o Futuro, O (1975) Pedro Só (1972) … aka Just Peter (International: English title) Dois Pisos (1970) A Mulher e a Roda (1970) Águas Vivas (1969) Minuto Zero (1968) Num Mar de Moliço (1966). Ou Inverno ou… (1965) O Inverno (1964). Noël 1721 (1964) Deligny en mai (1963) Os Transportes (1962) Uma Nova Universidade (1961) Biopsie, La (1960) Inundações (1960) Portuguese Men of the Sea (1957).
  • 1940 – Ray Davis was born. American musician (P-Funk) .
  • 1940 – Astrud Gilberto was born. Brazilian singer.
  • 1940 – Cantwell v. Connecticut: The Supreme Court would rule that a statute requiring a license to solicit for religious purposes was a prior restraint that vested the state with excessive power in determining which groups must obtain a license.
  • 1941 – World War II: British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces intercepted those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesus coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan.
  • 1941 – 80% of American AM radio stations change frequencies under the terms of NARBA.
  • 1941 – Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr. was born. American astrophysicist, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate
  • 1942 – The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
  • 1943 – Evangelos Odysseas Papathanassiou, aka Vangelis, new age musician .
  • 1943 – Eric Idle was born. English actor, writer, composer (Monty Python’s Flying Circus) .
  • 1943 – John Major was born. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom .
  • 1943 – Vangelis Papathanassiou was born in Volos, Greece. Vangelis is a composer and performer who works almost exclusively with… Vangelis is a composer and performer who works almost exclusively with electronic instruments. He is probably most well know for his “Chariots of Fire” and “Blade Runner” soundtracks or for the tracks used in the “Cosmos” television series. He has been involved in many musical collaborations, the most famous that with Jon Anderson.
  • 1944 – Eduardo Prado Coelho was born. Portuguese essayst and critic.
  • 1944 – Denny McLain was born. Baseball pitcher.
  • 1944 – Terry Jacks Canadian musician, songwriter, and activist.
  • 1945 – Walt Frazier was born. American basketball player.
  • 1945 – As tropas soviéticas entraram na Áustria .
  • 1945 – World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.
  • 1946 – El Gobierno argentino niega las acusaciones del Gobierno estadounidense de haber ayudado a Alemania en la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
  • 1948 – Bud Cort was born. American actor.
  • 1949 – Michael Brecker was born. American jazz saxophonist.
  • 1950 – Bud Cort was born. Actor .
  • 1951 – Red Scare: Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage.
  • 1952 – Teofilo Stevenson was born. Cuban boxer.
  • 1953 – A fire at a nursing home in Largo, Florida kills 35 people.
  • 1954 – Karen Ann Quinlan was born (d. 1985). American right-to-die cause célèbre.
  • 1955 – Christopher Lawford was born. American actor.
  • 1955 – Earl Campbell was born. American football star .
  • 1955 – Jorge Fernando (Jorge Fernando de Medeiros Rebello) was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actor.
  • 1956 – Kurt Thomas was born. American gymnist .
  • 1957 – Christophe Lambert was born. French actor (Greystoke, Highlander).
  • 1959 – Perry Farrell was born. American musician (“Jane’s Addiction“, “Porno for Pyros“) .
  • 1958 – Pedro Bial was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actor and presenter.
  • 1959 – Barthelemy Boganda dies (b. 4 Apr 1910). First President of the Central African Republic
  • 1960 – Marina Sirtis was born. Actress (Star Trek: The Next Generation)
  • 1961 – The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, DC to vote in presidential elections.
  • 1963 – Elle Macpherson was born. Australian model.
  • 1965 – Griswold v. Connecticut : Connecticut’s laws against distribution of contraceptives and contraceptive information to married couples are struck down, with the Court relying on earlier precedent involving the rights of people to make decisions about their families and procreation as a legitimate sphere of privacy.
  • 1967 – Brian Jordan was born. Baseball player.
  • 1967 – John Popper was born. American musician (Blues Traveler)
  • 1968 – Lucy Lawless was born. New Zeakland actress (Xena: Warrior Princess) and singer .
  • 1969 – In Madrid, Spain, four different performers tie for first place at the fourteenth Eurovision Song Contest. The medals are shared by Spain’s Salomé singing “Vivo cantando” (I live singing), United Kingdom’s Lulu singing “Boom Bang-a-bang”, Netherlands’ Lenny Kuhr singing “De troubadour” (The troubadour), and France’s Frida Boccara singing “Un jour, un enfant” (One day, a child…) .
  • 1970 – Anna Louise Strong dies. American communist journalist
  • 1971 – My Lai massacre: Lt. William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1971 – A Los Angeles, California jury recommends the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers.
  • 1971 – Dhirendranath Datta dies (b. 1886). Bangladeshi politician.
  • 1972 – El Gobierno de Bolivia anuncia la expulsión del país de 199 diplomáticos soviéticos en el plazo de una semana.
  • 1972 – Rui Costa was born. Portuguese footballer.
  • 1972 – Lord J. Arthur Rank dies (b. 1888). Movie theater owner.
  • 1973 – Vietnam War: The last United States soldiers leave South Vietnam.
  • 1973 – Marc Overmars was born. Dutch footballer.
  • 1974 – NASA‘s Mariner 10 becomes the first spaceprobe to fly by Mercury. It was launched on November 3, 1973.
  • 1974 – Marc Gené was born. Spanish racing car driver.
  • 1974 – Kristoffer Cusick was born. American actor.
  • 1974 – Manuel Santos Carvalho, morre no Porto (n. 17 Jun 1891 Lisboa, Portugal). Actor [ Passarinho da Ribeira (1960); Madragoa (1952); A Menina da Rádio (1944); O Costa do Castelo (1943); A Canção de Lisboa (1933); Aldeia da Roupa Branca (1938)].
  • 1976 – Jennifer Capriati was born. American professional tennis player.
  • 1980 – Mantovani dies (b. 15 Nov 1905). Italian musician arranger, conductor.
  • 1981 – First running of the London Marathon .
  • 1981 – El Tte.Gral. Roberto Eduardo Viola asume la presidencia de la Nación Argentina.
  • 1981 – Sandra Sanchez was born in Washington, D. C. American actress.
  • 1981 – Jlloyd Samuel was born. West Indian-born footballer.
  • 1982 – The Canada Act 1982 (U.K.) receives the Royal Assent by Queen Elizabeth II, setting the stage for the Queen of Canada to proclaim the Constitution Act, 1982 .
  • 1982 – Stevie Wonder and Paul McCartney release their single Ebony and Ivory.
  • 1982 – Carl Orff dies (b. 10 July 1895). German composer.
  • 1982 – Nathan Twining dies (b. 1897). USAF general.
  • 1983 – Luiza Sá was born. Brazilian musician (CSS)
  • 1983 – Vanessa Giácomo was born in Volta Redonda, Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actress .
  • 1983 – Justin Tuck was born. NFL football player.
  • 1984 – Valentine Rei was born. Russian TV personality
  • 1984 – The Baltimore Colts of the NFL moved to Indianapolis in the middle of the night.
  • 1985 – A Mesquita de Lisboa é inaugurada.
  • 1985 – Acuerdo entre España y la Comunidad Europea para la integración de España.
  • 1985 – George Peter Murdock dies (b. 11 May 1897). American anthropologist who specialized in comparative ethnology, the ethnography of African and Oceanic peoples, and social theory.
  • 1986 – Astrit Hasani was born. Professional table-tennis player Kosova .
  • 1987 – Wrestlemania III sets a World Indoor Attendance Record at the Pontiac Silverdome with 93,173 fans.
  • 1989 – Se inauguran las obras de restauración del museo Louvre incluyendo la nueva pirámide de acceso.
  • 1991 – Lee Atwater dies (b. 1951). Republican advisor.
  • 1992 – Paul Henreid dies (b. 1908). Austrian actor.
  • 1992 – La policía francesa detiene a los tres máximos dirigentes de ETA.
  • 1993 – Catherine Callbeck becomes Premier of Prince Edward Island and Canada‘s first female premier.
  • 1993 – Edouard Balladur becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1994 – O governo da Guatemala e guerrilheiros rebeldes assinam um tratado de direitos humanos simbolizando a esperança de um breve fim da guerra civil que já durava 33 anos
  • 1997 – Norman Wingate Pirie dies (b. 1 July 1907). British biochemist and virologist who collaborated with Frederick Bawden to demonstrate that the genetic material found in viruses is RNA.
  • 1997 – Ruth Sager dies (b.7 Feb 1918).American cellular geneticist whose research (1950′s – 60′s) altered the prevailing view about where genetic material was within the cell. In particular, she recognized that a second set of genes were found outside of the cell’s nucleus.
  • 1998 – Paulo Ubiratan morre no Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (ataque coração) ( b. 14 Jan 1947). Director de novelas e actor [ "Por Amor" (1997) ; A Indomada" (1997) , "Anjo de Mim" (1996) "O Fim do Mundo" (1996) "Tropicaliente" (1994) "Pedra Sobre Pedra" (1992) "Tieta" (1989) "O Salvador da Pátria" (1989) "Roda de Fogo" (1986) "Roque Santeiro" (1985) "Sétimo Sentido" (1982) "Baila Comigo" (1981) "Coração Alado" (1980) "Água Viva" (1980) "Feijão Maravilha" (1979) "Sinal de Alerta" (1978) e muitas outras ].
  • 1998 – Athelstan Frederick Spilhaus dies (b. 25 Nov 1911).South African-born American geophysicist and inventor.
  • 1999 – Atiana de la Hoya was born. Reality TV star; daughter of Shanna Moakler and Oscar de la Hoya
  • 1999 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 10006.78 – above the 10,000 mark for the first time ever.
  • 1999 – Joe Williams dies (b. 1918). Jazz singer.
  • 2001 – Helge Ingstad dies (b. 1899). Explorer.
  • 2001 – John Lewis dies (b. 1920). American jazz pianist.
  • 2001 – A chartered Gulfstream III jet crashes into a hillside during approach into Aspen, Colorado, killing 18 people.
  • 2003 – The Baldin Collection goes on display at Moscow’s Museum of Architecture. The 362 drawings and 2 paintings were taken in 1945 from Germany by Viktor Baldin, a soldier of the conquering Red Army.
  • 2003 – Dr. Carlo Urbani dies (b. 1956). Discoverer of SARS
  • 2003 – For the first time, US servicemen are killed by a suicide bomber in Iraq. The four soldiers died at a checkpoint near Najaf at the hands of someone described bas a non-commissioned officer in the Iraqi army.
  • 2004 – Alistair Cooke dies (b. 1908). Television host.
  • 2004 – Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.
  • 2004 – The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.
  • 2005 – Johnnie Cochran dies (b. 1937). American lawyer.
  • 2005 – Mitch Hedberg dies (b. 1968). American comedian.
  • 2005 – Miltos Sahtouris dies (b. 1919). Greek poet.
  • 2006 – Predicted total solar eclipse.
  • 2006 – Salvador Elizondo dies (b. 1932). Mexican writer.
  • 2007 – Calvin Lockhart dies (b. 1934). Bahamian actor.
  • 2008 – Earth Hour goes international
  • Día del joven combatiente a remembrance day celebrated with civil disorder in Chile by leftists and anarchists.
 

On this day in History – Mar. 29

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:54 am
  • 0537 – Vigilius was consecrated and enthroned as Pope, replacing Silverius.
  • 1058 – Pope Stephen X dies.
  • 1249 – A cidade de Faro foi conquistada aos Mouros pelo Rei D. Afonso III .
  • 1461 – Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton – Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England. Margarida de Anjou run away from England and Henrique VI is made prisioner in Tower of London .
  • 1549 – The city of Salvador da Bahia, first capital of Brazil, is founded.
  • 1553 – Vitsentzos Kornaros wa or (d.1613 or 1614). Greek Renaissance poet.
  • 1561 – Santorio Santorio was born (d. 22 Feb 1636). Italian physician who made the first systematic study of basal metabolism. In his research, he was also the first to employ instruments of precision and to apply quantitative experimental research techniques in the practice of medicine.
  • 1584 – Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron was born (d. 1648). English general.
  • 1602 – John Lightfoot was born (d. 1675). English churchman.
  • 1629 – Jacob (or Jacques) de Gheyn II dies (b. 1565). Dutch draftsman, engraver, and painter.
  • 1631 (burial) Jorge Manuel Theotocopoulos (or Theotocopouli), dies. Toledo Spanish painter and architect born in 1578, son of Doménikos Theotokópoulos “El Greco” [1541 – 07 Apr 1614] and Doña Jerónima de Las Cuevas, who were not married.
  • 1632 – Treaty of Saint-Germain signed, returning Quebec to French control after the English had seized it in 1629.
  • 1638 – Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden.
  • 1668 – Thomas Coram was born (d. 1751). Founder of the Foundling Hospital.
  • 1713 – John Ponsonby was born (d. 1789). Irish politician.
  • 1746 – Carlo Buonaparte was born (d. 1785). Father of Napoleon Bonaparte.
  • 1758 – Scott-Pierre-Nicolas Legrand de Lérant, was born (d. 11 may 1829). French artist.
  • 1769 – Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult was born (d. 1851). French marshal.
  • 1772 – Emanuel Swedenborg dies (b. 1688). Swedish philosopher and mathematician.
  • 1788 – As Fábricas e Manufacturas das três comarcas de Portalegre, Fundão e Covilhã são entregues a particulares.
  • 1790 – John Tyler was born (d. 1862). 10th President of the United States
  • 1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade at Stockholm‘s Royal Opera just 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
  • 1794 – Marie-Jean Antoine de Condorcet dies (b. 1743). Marquis de Condorcet, French enciclopedist, mathematicien, philosopher and politician.
  • 1799 – New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state .
  • 1802 – Johann Moritz (or Juan Mauricio) Rugendas, dies of a heart attack. German painter who is noted particularly for his drawings and paintings of Brazil and other Latin American countries.
  • 1806 – Construction authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.
  • 1809 – King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicated after a coup d’état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland‘s four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
  • 1809 – Portugal: Desastre da Ponte das Barcas: durante a II Invasão Francesa, o exército comandado pelo marechal Soult consegue entrar na cidade do Porto; a população foge pelo sul da cidade através da antiga Ponte das Barcas que ruindo vitimou milhares de pessoas.
  • 1812 – Johann Friedrick Dryander dies (b. 26 Apr 1756). German artist.
  • 1815 – Jane Austen completes her novel Emma.
  • 1819 – Edwin Laurentine Drake was born (d. 8 Nov 1880). American driller of the first productive oil well near Titusville, Pennsylvania, that launched the modern U.S. petroleum industry .
  • 1819 – Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise was born. Founder of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations and the Hebrew Union College.
  • 1824 – Ludwig Büchner was born (d.30 Apr 1899).German physician and philosopher who became one of the most popular exponents of 19th-century scientific materialism. He wrote many works to disseminate knowledge of the natural sciences.
  • 1826 – Wilhelm Liebknecht was born (d. 1900). German journalist and politician.
  • 1826 – Johann Heinrich Voß dies (b. 1751). German poet.
  • 1829 – Muere el Brig. Gral. Cornelio Saavedra, jefe del Regimiento de Patricios y presidente de la Primera Junta de Gobierno de Argentina.
  • 1830 – Criação da primeira Escola Veterinária Portuguesa, por diploma de D. Miguel.
  • 1831 – Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey
  • 1833 – Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach was born. Jurist.
  • 1835 – Gustaf Zander was born (d. 1920). Physician.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.
  • 1848 – An upstream ice jam stops almost all water flow over Niagara Falls.
  • Inauguração da Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil,(antiga Cia. de Estrada de Ferro D.PedroII), ligando o Rio de Janeiro até a Vila de Queimados (48,1Km – 5 estações), em 1858;
  • 1849 – The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab .
  • 1853 – Elihu Thomson was born (d. 13 Mar 1937). U.S. electrical engineer and inventor whose discoveries in the field of alternating current phenomena led to the development of successful alternating current motors .
  • 1857 – Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry revolts against the British rule in India and inspires a long-drawn War of Independence of 1857 also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
  • 1865 – El Gobierno paraguayo declara la guerra a Argentina.
  • 1867 – Se dicta la primera constitución de Canadá.
  • 1867 – Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the British North America Act which establishes the Dominion of Canada on July 1.
  • 1867 – Cy Young was born (d. 1955). Baseball Hall of Famer.
  • 1869 – Aleš Hrdlička was born (d. 5 Sep 1943). Czechoslovakian-American physical anthropologist known for his studies of Neanderthal man and his theory of the migration of American Indians from Asia.
  • 1870 – Pavlos Melas was born (d. 1904). Greek officer who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.
  • 1871 – The Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria.
  • 1873 – Tullio Levi-Civita was born (d. 29 Dec 1941).Italian mathematician who was one of the founders of absolute differential calculus (tensor analysis) which had applications to the theory of relativity.
  • 1873 – Francesco Zantedeschi dies (b.1797). Italian priest and physicist.
  • 1874 – Lou Hoover was born (d. 1944). First Lady of the United States.
  • 1877 – Alexander Carl Heinrich Braun dies (b.10 May 1805).German botanist who was the most highly regarded botanist of the “nature philosophy” school, a doctrine which attempted to explain natural phenomena in terms of the speculative theories that dominated early 19th-century German science .
  • 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.
  • 1879 – Tschaikovski’s opera “Yevgeni Onegin” premieres in Moscow .
  • 1882 – The Knights of Columbus are established.
  • 1885 – Un ejército guatemalteco capitaneado por el presidente, José María Reina Barrios, penetra en territorio salvadoreño.
  • 1885 – Una escuadra francesa se apodera de las islas de los Pescadores, tras un combate con la flota china.
  • 1886 – The first batch of Coca Cola was brewed over a fire in a backyard in Atlanta, Georgia. Dr John Pemberton had created the concoction as a cure for “hangover,” stomach ache and headache. He advertised it as a “brain tonic and intellectual beverage,” and first sold it to the public a few weeks later on 8 May. Coke contained cocaine as an ingredient until 1904, when the drug was banned by Congress.
  • 1889 – Warner Baxter was born (d. 1951). American actor.
  • 1889 – Teófilo Dias dies (b. 1854). Brazilian politician and poet.
  • 1890 – Sir Harold Spencer Jones was born (d. 3 Nov 1960). English astronomer who was 10th astronomer royal of England (1933–55). His work was devoted to fundamental positional astronomy.
  • 1891 – Alfred Neubauer was born (d. 1980). German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz).
  • 1891 – Yvan Goll was born († 1950). French-German lyricist and dramatist.
  • 1891 – Georges Pierre Seurat dies (b. 02 Dec 1859). French Pointillist painter.
  • 1892 – József Cardinal Mindszenty was born (d. 1975). Hungarian Catholic cardinal.
  • 1892 – Sir William Bowman dies (b.20 Jul 1816).(1st Baronet) was an English surgeon and histologist who obtained a European reputation for medical research long before he was thirty years of age .
  • 1895 – Anne Redpath was born. Scottish painter.
  • 1895 – Ernst Jünger was born († 1998). German author.
  • 1897 – Ruby Muhammad was born. American wife of Elijah Muhammad
  • 1899 – Lavrenty Beria was born (d. 1953). Soviet Communist leader.
  • 1900 – Bill Aston was born (d. 1974). British racing driver.
  • 1900 – John McEwen was born (d. 1980). Eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia.
  • 1900 – Charles Elton was born (d. 1 May 1991). English biologist credited with describing the “sociology and economy of animals,” thus outlining the basic principles of modern animal ecology. He thought of the “community” as a group of species related through the food chains.
  • 1901 – Andrija Maurovic was born (d. 1981). Croatian illustrator.
  • 1901 – Carl Barks was born (d. 2000). American cartoonist.
  • 1902 – Marcel Aymé was born (d. 1967). French narrator and dramatist, humorist and satirist.
  • 1902 – William Walton was born (d. 1983). English composer.
  • 1903 – Gustavus Swift was born (b. 24 Jun 1839). American manufacturer and inventor of the first refrigerated railroad cars. These improved his handling of the supply of beef from western states to the Chicago meat company of which he was a partner .
  • 1905 – Edward Burra was born in England (d. 22 Oct 1976). Surrealist painter, illustrator, and stage designer.
  • 1905 – Philip Ahn was born (d. 1978). Korean-American actor.
  • 1906 – E. Power Biggs was born (d. 1977). American concert organist.
  • 1906 – Slava Raskaj dies (b. 1878). Painter.
  • 1907 – “Braguinha” was born (d. 2006). Brazilian songwriter.
  • 1908 – La Cámara de los Comunes británica concede el derecho de voto a las mujeres.
  • 1908 – Arthur O’Connell was born (d. 1981). American actor.
  • 1908 – Dennis O’Keefe was born (d. 1968). American actor.
  • 1911 – Brigitte Horney was born (d. 1988). German actress.
  • 1911 – Designed by John Browning, the M1911 semi-automatic handgun became the standard-issue handgun in the United States Army, and was subsequently widely used in World War I, World War II and the Korean War.
  • 1911 – Criação em Portugal do ensino infantil para ambos os sexos.
  • 1912 – Robert Falcon Scott dies (b. 1868). Explorer.
  • 1912 – Hanna Reitsch was born (d. 1979). German aviator.
  • 1913 – Tony Zale was born (d. 1997). American boxeur who was World champion.
  • 1913 – R. S. Thomas was born (d. 2000). Welsh poet.
  • 1916 – Eugene McCarthy was born (d. 1916). U.S. senator
  • 1918 – Sam Walton was born (d. 1992). American businessman, founder of Wal-Mart.
  • 1918 – Pearl Bailey was born (d. 1990). American singer and actress.
  • 1919 – Eileen Heckart was born (d. 2001). American actress.
  • 1921 – John Burroughs dies (b. 3 Apr 1837). American naturalist and author who lived and wrote after the manner of Henry David Thoreau. Burroughs studyied and celebrated nature in his many essays and books.
  • 1927 – John Robert Vane was born (d. 19 Nov 2004). English biochemist, who shared the 1982 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (with Sune K. Bergström and Bengt Ingemar Samuelsson of Sweden) for their isolation, identification, and analysis of prostaglandins.
  • 1927 – John McLaughlin was born. American political commentator.
  • 1927 – John Robert Vane was born (d. 2004). English pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1929 – Lennart Meri was born. President of Estonia.
  • 1930 – Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.
  • 1930 – Nascimento de Lima Duarte (Aryclenes Venâncio Martins), grande ator brasileiro, em Desemboque- MG, no ano de 1930;
  • 1931 – Aleksei Gubarev was born. Cosmonaut.
  • 1931 – George Amos Dorsey dies (b. 6 Feb 1868). U.S. ethnographer of North American Indians, especially the Mandan tribe.
  • 1932 – American comedian Jack Benny makes his radio debut.
  • 1934 – Otto Hermann Kahn, dies, millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867).
  • 1935 – Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer, dies (b. 2 Jun 1850).English physiologist, one of the founders of endocrinology and inventor of the prone-pressure method (Schafer method) of artificial respiration adopted by the Royal Life Saving Society.
  • 1936 – In Germany, dictator Hitler receives 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany’s illegal reoccupation of the Rhineland, receiving 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters. In 1933 all political parties and political liberty had been abolished.
  • 1936 – Judith Guest was born. American author.
  • 1936 – Mogens Camre was born. Danish politician.
  • 1937 – Billy Carter was born (d. 1988). Presidential brother.
  • 1937 – Karol Szymanowski dies (b. 1882). Polish composer.
  • 1939 – Terence Hill was born in Venice, Veneto. Italian actor ( Lo chiamavano Trinità (1971) …. Trinity… aka My Name Is Trinity ) .
  • 1939 – Fernanda de Figueiredo nasce em Lisboa. Actriz. [ (A Cruz de Ferro ou "The Iron Cross" (1968) ; Domingo à Tarde ou "Sunday Afternoon" (1966); Fado Corrido (1964); 9 Rapazes e 1 Cão (1964)] .
  • 1939 – Alfredo Tropa, nasce no Porto. Realizador de cinema e televisão português. Produtor. (O Maioral (1985) Ao Pensar em Electrónica (1980) Barbara (1980/II) Made In – II (1980) O Povo e a Arte (1975) Povo e o Barro, O (1975) Povo e o Futuro, O (1975) Pedro Só (1972) … aka Just Peter (International: English title) Dois Pisos (1970) A Mulher e a Roda (1970) Águas Vivas (1969) Minuto Zero (1968) Num Mar de Moliço (1966). Ou Inverno ou… (1965) O Inverno (1964). Noël 1721 (1964) Deligny en mai (1963) Os Transportes (1962) Uma Nova Universidade (1961) Biopsie, La (1960) Inundações (1960) Portuguese Men of the Sea (1957).
  • 1940 – Ray Davis was born. American musician (P-Funk) .
  • 1940 – Astrud Gilberto was born. Brazilian singer.
  • 1940 – Cantwell v. Connecticut: The Supreme Court would rule that a statute requiring a license to solicit for religious purposes was a prior restraint that vested the state with excessive power in determining which groups must obtain a license.
  • 1941 – World War II: British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces intercepted those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesus coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan.
  • 1941 – 80% of American AM radio stations change frequencies under the terms of NARBA.
  • 1941 – Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr. was born. American astrophysicist, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate
  • 1942 – The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
  • 1943 – Evangelos Odysseas Papathanassiou, aka Vangelis, new age musician .
  • 1943 – Eric Idle was born. English actor, writer, composer (Monty Python’s Flying Circus) .
  • 1943 – John Major was born. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom .
  • 1943 – Vangelis Papathanassiou was born in Volos, Greece. Vangelis is a composer and performer who works almost exclusively with… Vangelis is a composer and performer who works almost exclusively with electronic instruments. He is probably most well know for his “Chariots of Fire” and “Blade Runner” soundtracks or for the tracks used in the “Cosmos” television series. He has been involved in many musical collaborations, the most famous that with Jon Anderson.
  • 1944 – Eduardo Prado Coelho was born. Portuguese essayst and critic.
  • 1944 – Denny McLain was born. Baseball pitcher.
  • 1944 – Terry Jacks Canadian musician, songwriter, and activist.
  • 1945 – Walt Frazier was born. American basketball player.
  • 1945 – As tropas soviéticas entraram na Áustria .
  • 1945 – World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.
  • 1946 – El Gobierno argentino niega las acusaciones del Gobierno estadounidense de haber ayudado a Alemania en la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
  • 1948 – Bud Cort was born. American actor.
  • 1949 – Michael Brecker was born. American jazz saxophonist.
  • 1950 – Bud Cort was born. Actor .
  • 1951 – Red Scare: Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage.
  • 1952 – Teofilo Stevenson was born. Cuban boxer.
  • 1953 – A fire at a nursing home in Largo, Florida kills 35 people.
  • 1954 – Karen Ann Quinlan was born (d. 1985). American right-to-die cause célèbre.
  • 1955 – Christopher Lawford was born. American actor.
  • 1955 – Earl Campbell was born. American football star .
  • 1955 – Jorge Fernando (Jorge Fernando de Medeiros Rebello) was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actor.
  • 1956 – Kurt Thomas was born. American gymnist .
  • 1957 – Christophe Lambert was born. French actor (Greystoke, Highlander).
  • 1959 – Perry Farrell was born. American musician (“Jane’s Addiction“, “Porno for Pyros“) .
  • 1958 – Pedro Bial was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actor and presenter.
  • 1959 – Barthelemy Boganda dies (b. 4 Apr 1910). First President of the Central African Republic
  • 1960 – Marina Sirtis was born. Actress (Star Trek: The Next Generation)
  • 1961 – The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, DC to vote in presidential elections.
  • 1963 – Elle Macpherson was born. Australian model.
  • 1965 – Griswold v. Connecticut : Connecticut’s laws against distribution of contraceptives and contraceptive information to married couples are struck down, with the Court relying on earlier precedent involving the rights of people to make decisions about their families and procreation as a legitimate sphere of privacy.
  • 1967 – Brian Jordan was born. Baseball player.
  • 1967 – John Popper was born. American musician (Blues Traveler)
  • 1968 – Lucy Lawless was born. New Zeakland actress (Xena: Warrior Princess) and singer .
  • 1969 – In Madrid, Spain, four different performers tie for first place at the fourteenth Eurovision Song Contest. The medals are shared by Spain’s Salomé singing “Vivo cantando” (I live singing), United Kingdom’s Lulu singing “Boom Bang-a-bang”, Netherlands’ Lenny Kuhr singing “De troubadour” (The troubadour), and France’s Frida Boccara singing “Un jour, un enfant” (One day, a child…) .
  • 1970 – Anna Louise Strong dies. American communist journalist
  • 1971 – My Lai massacre: Lt. William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1971 – A Los Angeles, California jury recommends the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers.
  • 1971 – Dhirendranath Datta dies (b. 1886). Bangladeshi politician.
  • 1972 – El Gobierno de Bolivia anuncia la expulsión del país de 199 diplomáticos soviéticos en el plazo de una semana.
  • 1972 – Rui Costa was born. Portuguese footballer.
  • 1972 – Lord J. Arthur Rank dies (b. 1888). Movie theater owner.
  • 1973 – Vietnam War: The last United States soldiers leave South Vietnam.
  • 1973 – Marc Overmars was born. Dutch footballer.
  • 1974 – NASA‘s Mariner 10 becomes the first spaceprobe to fly by Mercury. It was launched on November 3, 1973.
  • 1974 – Marc Gené was born. Spanish racing car driver.
  • 1974 – Kristoffer Cusick was born. American actor.
  • 1974 – Manuel Santos Carvalho, morre no Porto (n. 17 Jun 1891 Lisboa, Portugal). Actor [ Passarinho da Ribeira (1960); Madragoa (1952); A Menina da Rádio (1944); O Costa do Castelo (1943); A Canção de Lisboa (1933); Aldeia da Roupa Branca (1938)].
  • 1976 – Jennifer Capriati was born. American professional tennis player.
  • 1980 – Mantovani dies (b. 15 Nov 1905). Italian musician arranger, conductor.
  • 1981 – First running of the London Marathon .
  • 1981 – El Tte.Gral. Roberto Eduardo Viola asume la presidencia de la Nación Argentina.
  • 1981 – Sandra Sanchez was born in Washington, D. C. American actress.
  • 1981 – Jlloyd Samuel was born. West Indian-born footballer.
  • 1982 – The Canada Act 1982 (U.K.) receives the Royal Assent by Queen Elizabeth II, setting the stage for the Queen of Canada to proclaim the Constitution Act, 1982 .
  • 1982 – Stevie Wonder and Paul McCartney release their single Ebony and Ivory.
  • 1982 – Carl Orff dies (b. 10 July 1895). German composer.
  • 1982 – Nathan Twining dies (b. 1897). USAF general.
  • 1983 – Luiza Sá was born. Brazilian musician (CSS)
  • 1983 – Vanessa Giácomo was born in Volta Redonda, Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actress .
  • 1983 – Justin Tuck was born. NFL football player.
  • 1984 – Valentine Rei was born. Russian TV personality
  • 1984 – The Baltimore Colts of the NFL moved to Indianapolis in the middle of the night.
  • 1985 – A Mesquita de Lisboa é inaugurada.
  • 1985 – Acuerdo entre España y la Comunidad Europea para la integración de España.
  • 1985 – George Peter Murdock dies (b. 11 May 1897). American anthropologist who specialized in comparative ethnology, the ethnography of African and Oceanic peoples, and social theory.
  • 1986 – Astrit Hasani was born. Professional table-tennis player Kosova .
  • 1987 – Wrestlemania III sets a World Indoor Attendance Record at the Pontiac Silverdome with 93,173 fans.
  • 1989 – Se inauguran las obras de restauración del museo Louvre incluyendo la nueva pirámide de acceso.
  • 1991 – Lee Atwater dies (b. 1951). Republican advisor.
  • 1992 – Paul Henreid dies (b. 1908). Austrian actor.
  • 1992 – La policía francesa detiene a los tres máximos dirigentes de ETA.
  • 1993 – Catherine Callbeck becomes Premier of Prince Edward Island and Canada‘s first female premier.
  • 1993 – Edouard Balladur becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1994 – O governo da Guatemala e guerrilheiros rebeldes assinam um tratado de direitos humanos simbolizando a esperança de um breve fim da guerra civil que já durava 33 anos
  • 1997 – Norman Wingate Pirie dies (b. 1 July 1907). British biochemist and virologist who collaborated with Frederick Bawden to demonstrate that the genetic material found in viruses is RNA.
  • 1997 – Ruth Sager dies (b.7 Feb 1918).American cellular geneticist whose research (1950′s – 60′s) altered the prevailing view about where genetic material was within the cell. In particular, she recognized that a second set of genes were found outside of the cell’s nucleus.
  • 1998 – Paulo Ubiratan morre no Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (ataque coração) ( b. 14 Jan 1947). Director de novelas e actor [ "Por Amor" (1997) ; A Indomada" (1997) , "Anjo de Mim" (1996) "O Fim do Mundo" (1996) "Tropicaliente" (1994) "Pedra Sobre Pedra" (1992) "Tieta" (1989) "O Salvador da Pátria" (1989) "Roda de Fogo" (1986) "Roque Santeiro" (1985) "Sétimo Sentido" (1982) "Baila Comigo" (1981) "Coração Alado" (1980) "Água Viva" (1980) "Feijão Maravilha" (1979) "Sinal de Alerta" (1978) e muitas outras ].
  • 1998 – Athelstan Frederick Spilhaus dies (b. 25 Nov 1911).South African-born American geophysicist and inventor.
  • 1999 – Atiana de la Hoya was born. Reality TV star; daughter of Shanna Moakler and Oscar de la Hoya
  • 1999 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 10006.78 – above the 10,000 mark for the first time ever.
  • 1999 – Joe Williams dies (b. 1918). Jazz singer.
  • 2001 – Helge Ingstad dies (b. 1899). Explorer.
  • 2001 – John Lewis dies (b. 1920). American jazz pianist.
  • 2001 – A chartered Gulfstream III jet crashes into a hillside during approach into Aspen, Colorado, killing 18 people.
  • 2003 – The Baldin Collection goes on display at Moscow’s Museum of Architecture. The 362 drawings and 2 paintings were taken in 1945 from Germany by Viktor Baldin, a soldier of the conquering Red Army.
  • 2003 – Dr. Carlo Urbani dies (b. 1956). Discoverer of SARS
  • 2003 – For the first time, US servicemen are killed by a suicide bomber in Iraq. The four soldiers died at a checkpoint near Najaf at the hands of someone described bas a non-commissioned officer in the Iraqi army.
  • 2004 – Alistair Cooke dies (b. 1908). Television host.
  • 2004 – Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.
  • 2004 – The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.
  • 2005 – Johnnie Cochran dies (b. 1937). American lawyer.
  • 2005 – Mitch Hedberg dies (b. 1968). American comedian.
  • 2005 – Miltos Sahtouris dies (b. 1919). Greek poet.
  • 2006 – Predicted total solar eclipse.
  • 2006 – Salvador Elizondo dies (b. 1932). Mexican writer.
  • 2007 – Calvin Lockhart dies (b. 1934). Bahamian actor.
  • 2008 – Earth Hour goes international
  • Día del joven combatiente a remembrance day celebrated with civil disorder in Chile by leftists and anarchists.
 

On this day in History – Mar. 28 Março 28, 2008

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:18 am
 

 
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