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On this day in History – Mar. 22 Março 22, 2009

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 1:06 am
  • 0238 – Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperors.
  • 0841 – Bernard Plantapilosa was born (d. 0885). Count of Auvergne.
  • 1212 – Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan was born (d. 1234).
  • 1312 – The dissolution of the Order of Knights Templars, founded in 1118, is decreed by Pope Clement V , under pressure from king Philippe le Bel of France who, wanting to take for himself the wealth of the Order, had all its members in France arrested on 13 October 1307 and then tortured (or threatened with torture) until they confessed to fabricated crimes, such as spitting upon the Cross, denying Christ, permitting sodomy, worshipping an idol (some died under torture). When the Grand Master Jacques de Molai and 38 other Templars later recanted their false confessions, Philip le Bel declared them relapsed heretics and had them burned at the stake.
  • 1322 – Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster dies (b. 1278). English politician.
  • 1366 – Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk was born (d. 1399). English politician.
  • 1418 – Dietrich of Nieheim dies. German historian
  • 1421 – Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence dies killed in battle (b. 1388) Second son of Henry IV of England.
  • 1429 – Joana D´Arc exorta os ingleses à rendição e abandono do solo francês.
  • 1455 – Una expedición portuguesa alcanza las costas de Senegal, Gambia y las islas de Cabo Verde.
  • 1459 – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor was born (d. 12 Jan 1519). Austrian archduke and German King.
  • 1471 – Pope Paul II dies (b. 1418) .
  • 1500 – Pedro Álvares Cabral chegou à Ilha Caboverdiana de São Nicolau .
  • 1503 – Antonio Francesco Grazzini was born (d. 1583). Italian writer.
  • 1518 – Rei Carlos I da Espanha aprova o plano de navegação de Fernão de Magalhães .
  • 1527 -The First Diet of Nuernberg began. The Diet was called by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V for the primary purpose of dealing with the growing religious crisis.
  • 1540 – Waltham Abbey in Essex became the last monastery in England to transfer its allegiance from the Roman Catholic Church to the newly created Church of England under the leadership of King Henry VIII.
  • 1544 – Johannes Magnus does (b. 1488). Last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden.
  • 1555 – Pope Julius III died at the age of 67.
  • 1593 – Johann Ulrich Steigleder was born. German composer.
  • 1599 – Anthony van Dyck was born (d. 09 Dec 1641). Flemish painter (Charles I of England) draftsman, and printmaker, specialized in portraits.
  • 1602 – Agostino Carracci dies (b. 1557). Italian artist.
  • 1609 – King John II Casimir of Poland was born (d. 1672).
  • 1621 – The Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony sign a peace treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoags.
  • 1622 – Opechancanough, brother of Chief Powhatan and his successor as the leader of the Powhatan Indian empire, led an attack on the Jamestown Colony killing 347 English settlers around Jamestown, Virginia, a third of the colony’s population.
  • 1625 – Chegada da ‘Jornada dos Vassalos’ à Bahia (comandada por D. Fabrique de Toledo Osório).
  • 1630 – Richard Dering dies. English composer .
  • 1630 – The first legislation to prohibit gambling was enacted in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1630 – Massachusetts Bay Colony outlaws the possession of cards, dice, and gaming tables.
  • 1638 – Anne Hutchinson is expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for religious dissent.
  • 1663 – August Hermann Francke was born (d. 1727). German protestant minister.
  • 1685 – Emperor Go-Sai of Japan dies (b. 1638)
  • 1687 – Jean Baptiste Lully dies (b. 1632). Italian-born French composer.
  • 1702 – Morte de São José Oriol (canonizado em 1909).
  • 1712 – Edward Moore was born (d. 1757). English writer.
  • 1712 – Jane Franklin Mecon was born (d. 1794). Sister of Benjamin Franklin.
  • 1720 – Nicolas-Henri Jardin was born (d. 1799). French architect.
  • 1723 – Charles Carroll was born (d. 1783). American lawyer and delegate to the Continental Congress.
  • 1727 – Francesco Gasparini dies (b. 1668). Italian composer.
  • 1728 – Anton Raphaël Mengs was born (d. 29 Jun 1779). German Neoclassical painter specialized in Portraits.
  • 1728 – Giacomo Insanguine was born. Italian composer.
  • 1733 – Joseph Priestly inventa el agua carbonatada, pionera de las gaseosas.
  • 1752 – Johann Georg Spangler was born. Austrian composer.
  • 1758 – Jonathan Edwards dies. American minister.
  • 1758 – Richard Leveridge dies (b. 1670). English bass and composer.
  • 1759 – Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp was born (d. 1818). Queen of Sweden and Norway.
  • 1765 – The British Parliament passes the Stamp Act, the first direct tax levied from England on the American colonies.
  • 1768 – Bryan Donkin was born. English engineer and inventor.
  • 1772 – John Canton dies (b. 1718). English physicist.
  • 1775 – Benjamin Franklin conclui o trabalho diplomático em Londres e volta para os Estados Unidos .
  • 1778 – Real orden que determina la fundación de una Universidad en Buenos Aires.
  • 1784 – The Emerald Buddha was moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand.
  • 1789 – Proclamación de la República Helvética.
  • 1790 – Thomas Jefferson torna-se o 1º Secretário de Estado dos Estados Unidos
  • 1797 – King Wilhelm I was born (d. 1888) . King of Prussia and German Emperor .
  • 1808 – Caroline Elizabeth Sarah Norton was born. English poetess.
  • 1808 – D. Rodrigo de Sousa Coutinho secretário de estado dos negócios estrangeiros e da guerra no Brasil, ordena ao governador do Pará, D. José Narciso de Magalhães e Meneses, que prepare a conquista da colónia francesa de Caiena, a actual Guiana francesa. A conquista acontecerá em Janeiro do ano seguinte.
  • 1809 – Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne.
  • 1812 – Stephen Pearl Andrews was born (d. 1886). Anarchist and Abolitionist.
  • 1817 – Bahá’u’lláh was born (d. 1892). Persian prophet of the Bahá’í Faith.
  • 1817 – Braxton Bragg was born (d. 1876). American Confederate general.
  • 1818 – John Ainsworth Horrocks was born (d. 1846). English-born explorer of South Australia
  • 1820 – La provincia argentina de Tucumán se proclama Estado independiente.
  • 1820 – Stephen Decatur dies, killed in a duel (b. 1779). American Navy Comissier
  • 1829 – The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece.
  • 1832 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe dies in Weimar, Saxe-Weimar (b. 1749). German writer, poet and philosopher ( Faust).
  • 1833 – Revolta de Ouro Preto (MG) .
  • 1840 – John Thomas Bolton was born. American physician, militar and politician.
  • 1840 – Étienne Bobillier dies (b. 1798). French mathematician.
  • 1842 – Carl Rosa was born. German violinist and conductor.
  • 1845 – Guilherme Braga was born in Porto (d. 26 Jul 1874). Portuguese poet
  • 1846 – Randolph Caldecott was born. English illustrator
  • 1846 – Fundação da “Grande Loja da União Maçônica A Concórdia” – Darmstadt – Alemanha .
  • 1848 – República Veneziana declara independência da Áustria.
  • 1849 – The Austrians defeat the Piedmontese at the Battle of Novara.
  • 1849 – O pugilista Joe Louis anuncia o encerramento de sua carreira .
  • 1852 – Otakar Svecik was born. Tchek violinist.
  • 1853 – Morte do general francês Jean-Toussaint Arrighi de Casanova .
  • 1855 – Criação do Jornal Oficial de Santa Fé – atual ‘Boletín Oficial’ – Argentina .
  • 1855 – Ramón Pintó es ejecutado en Cuba, al ser descubierta la conspiración independentista en la que está implicado.
  • 1856 – Tristão de Alencar Araripe é nomeado chefe de polícia do Espírito Santo .
  • 1857 – Paul Doumer was born (d. 1932). French President.
  • 1858 – Primeiras aulas no Liceu de Artes e Ofícios (Rio de Janeiro) .
  • 1860 – Alfred Ploetz was born (d. 1940).German physician, biologist, and eugenicist.
  • 1861 – Walter Francis Willcox was born (d. 1964). Statistician and Census Bureau head.
  • 1864 – Os últimos franceses são expulsos de Minatitlán – México.
  • 1866 – Jack Boyle was born (d. 1913). American baseball player.
  • 1867 – Ferdinando Giorgetti dies. Italian composer.
  • 1867 – Guimarães Passos was born in Maceió (d. 9 Sep 1909 in Paris). Brazilian writer
  • 1868 – Robert Millikan was born (d. 1953). American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1868 – Hamish MaCunn was born. Scotish composer.
  • 1868 – Robert Andrews Millikan was born (d. 19 Dec 1953). American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate in 1923.
  • 1869- Paul Michel Dupuy was born. French painter.
  • 1869 – Emilio Aguinaldo was born (d. 1964). 1st Pesident of the Philippines Republic.
  • 1869 – Friedrich Nietzsche received his doctorate from the University of Leipzig.
  • 1871 – In North Carolina, William Holden becomes the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office by impeachment.
  • 1873 – A law is approved by the Spanish National Assembly in Puerto Rico to abolish slavery / La Asamblea Nacional de la primera República española aprueba la abolición de la esclavitud en Puerto Rico .
  • 1875 – Richard Emil Miller was born (d. 1943). American Impressionist painter.
  • 1877 – John Doyle Lee was executed by a firing squad. Lee, a Mormon fanatic, had masterminded a massacre of Arkansas Methodist emigrants in 1857. In the “Mountain Meadows Massacre,” a wagon train of 127 died at Mountain Meadows (near Cedar City), Utah.
  • 1878 – Michel Théato was born (d. 1919). Luxembourg athlete.
  • 1880 – Artur Neiva was born. Brazilian scientist.
  • 1880 – Ernie Quigley was born (d. 1960). Canadian-American sports official.
  • 1882 – O Congresso norte-americano torna ilegal a poligamia – o casamento de um homem com mais de uma mulher.
  • 1885 – Adriano Lualdi was born. Italian composer.
  • 1887 – Chico Marx was born (d. 1961). Amercan comedian and actor.
  • 1888 – The English Football League is formed.
  • 1894 – Pablo de Rokha was born. Chilean poet.
  • 1894 – The first playoff game for the Stanley Cup starts. The Stanley Cup competition remains the oldest in professional sports in North America.
  • 1895 – First display (a private screening) of motion pictures by Auguste and Louis Lumière .
  • 1896 – He Long was born (d. 1969). Chinese marshal.
  • 1896 – Thomas Hughes dies (b. 1822). English novelist.
  • 1897 – João Cabral do Nascimento was born in Funchal (d. in Lisbon, 2 Mar 1978). Portuguese poet.
  • 1900 – Erich Fromm was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. German psychoanalyst and social theorist.
  • 1901 – Greta Kempton was born (d. 1991). American artist.
  • 1902 – Johannes Andreas Brinkman was born. Dutch architect.
  • 1903 – Cuba cede a los EEUU Guantánamo para que establezca una base militar.
  • 1904 – El Daily Illustrated Mirror publica una fotografía en colores.
  • 1906 – Primeiro jogo de rugby entre Inglaterra e França.
  • 1906 – Alberto Casares assume (pela 2º vez) a ‘Intendencia de Buenos Aires’.
  • 1907 – Lucia dos Santos was born in Aljustrel (d. 13 Feb 2005). Portuguese nun / Nascimento em Aljustrel de Lúcia de Jesus dos Santos (m. 13 Feb 2005), um dos pastorinhos videntes de Fátima.
  • 1907 – James Gavin was born. American general.
  • 1908 – Louis L’Amour was born (d.1988). American author.
  • 1908 – Jack Crawford was born (d. 1991). Australian tennis player.
  • 1909 – Gabrielle Roy was born (d. 1983). Canadian writer.
  • 1910 – Nicholas Monsarrat was born (d. 1979). English writer (Cruel Sea) .
  • 1910 – Perú y Chile rompen sus relaciones diplomáticas por las disputas sobre las provincias de Tacna y Arica.
  • 1911 – Foi decretada a criação das Universidades de Lisboa e do Porto.
  • 1912 – Emiliano González Navero assume (pela 2º vez) a presidência do Paraguai .
  • 1912 – Martha Mödi was born. German soprano.
  • 1912 – Karl Malden was born. American actor.
  • 1912 – Wilfrid Brambell was born (d. 1985). Irish actor.
  • 1913 – Louis Barthou assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro da França.
  • 1913 – Ruggero Oddi dies. Italian anatomist and surgeon.
  • 1913 – Tom McCall was born (d. 1983). Governor of Oregon (USA).
  • 1913 – Lew Wasserman was born (d. 2002). American film studio executive.
  • 1913 – Sung Chiao-jen dies (b. 1882). A founder of KMT.
  • 1914 – Masao Maruyama was born. Social scientist.
  • 1915 – Tropas russas derrotam os austríacos e tomam Przemysl.
  • 1915 – Georgiy Zhzhonov was born. Russian actor and writer.
  • 1917 – Os Estados Unidos torna-se o primeiro país a reconhecer o novo governo russo, uma semana após revolucionários socialistas forçarem o Czar Nicolau II a abdicar ao trono da Rússia.
  • 1917 – Irving Kaplansky was born. Mathematician.
  • 1917 – Virginia Grey was born (d. 2004). American actress.
  • 1918 – Tauno Pylkkänen was born. Finish composer.
  • 1918 – Cheddi Jagan was born (d. 1997). President of Guyana.
  • 1919 – Proclamación de la República soviética de Hungría.
  • 1919 – Foi inaugurada a primeira carreira internacional regular entre Paris e Bruxelas.
  • 1920 – Werner Klemperer was born (d. 2000). German actor.
  • 1920 – Ross Martin was born (d. 1981). Polish-American actor.
  • 1921 – Lançamento do navio de guerra norte-americano USS Colorado BB 45.
  • 1921 – Nino Manfredi was born (d. 2004). Italian actor.
  • 1922 – Britânicos condenam Mahatma Gandhi a 6 anos de prisão.
  • 1922 – Sheikh Mujibur Rehman was born. Pakistanese politician.
  • 1922 – Em Lisboa, Gago Coutinho e Sacadura Cabral iniciaram a Travessia Aérea do Atlântico, rumo ao Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1923 – The first radio broadcast of ice hockey is made by Foster Hewitt.
  • 1923 – Marcel Marceau was born. French mime.
  • 1924 – Allen H. Neuharth was born. American journalist and businessman.
  • 1924 – Bill Wendell was born (d. 1999). American television announcer.
  • 1924 – William Macewen dies (b. 1848). Scottish surgeon.
  • 1925 – Gerard Hoffnung was born. English composer.
  • 1926 – Neuberg dies. Mathematician.
  • 1927 – Acordo entre Portugal e Áustria para abolição de vistos em passaportes.
  • 1927 – Nascimento de Carlos Flávio (filho de Carlos Drummond de Andrade – morre horas depois).
  • 1928 – Ed Macauley was born. American basketball player.
  • 1928 – Carrie Donovan was born (d. 2001). American fashion editor.
  • 1930 – Lynden Pindling was born (d. 26 Aug 2000). Leader of Bahamas, Prime Minister (1967-92).
  • 1930 – Pat Robertson was born. American televangelist.
  • 1930 – Stephen Sondheim was born. American composer and lyricist Send in the Clowns, A Little Night Music; scores for West Side Story, Reds, Gypsy, Dick Tracy.
  • 1930 – Derek Bok was born. American lawyer and educator.
  • 1931 – Burton Richter was born. American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate.
  • 1931 – William Shatner was born. Canadian actor.
  • 1933 – President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs into law a bill legalizing the sale of beer and wine containing up to 3,2% alcohol legal.
  • 1933 – Uuno Kailas dies in Nice (b. 1901). Finish poet ans translator.
  • 1933 – May Britt was born. Swedish actress.
  • 1933 – Abolhassan Banisadr was born. President of Iran.
  • 1934 – The Augusta National Golf Club hosted the first Masters Tournament in Augusta, Georgia.
  • 1934 – Gabriel Terra is reelected President of Uruguay.
  • 1934 – Incêndio destrói a cidade de Hakodate – Japão.
  • 1934 – Orrin Hatch was born. American politician.
  • 1934 – Larry Martyn was born (d.1994). English comedy actor.
  • 1935 – A Pérsia passa a chamar-se Irão.
  • 1935 – M. Emmet Walsh was born. American actor.
  • 1936 – Ron Carey was born. American labor leader.
  • 1936 – Roger Whittaker was born. British singer.
  • 1936 – El alpinista argentino Link efectúa el primer reconocimiento en solitario del Aconcagua.
  • 1937 – Armin Hary was born. German athlete.
  • 1938 – Anna (filha do psiquiatra austríaco Sigmund Freud) é presa pela Gestapo.
  • 1939 – World War II: Germany takes Memel from Lithuania.
  • 1939 – El cardenal Eugenio Pacelli es elegido Papa con el nombre de Pío XII.
  • 1940 – Haing S. Ngor was born (d. 1996). Cambodian actor.
  • 1940 – Dave Keon was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
  • 1941 – Jeremy Clyde was born. British actor and singer.
  • 1941 – Billy Collins was born. American poet.
  • 1941 – Bruno Ganz was born. Swiss actor.
  • 1941 – Washington‘s Grand Coulee Dam begins to generate electricity.
  • 1942 – Bernd Herzsprung was born. German actor.
  • 1942 – Dick Pound was born. Canadian chairman of the World Anti-Doping Agency.
  • 1942 – Jorge Ben was born. Brazilian musician.
  • 1943 – World War II: the entire population of Khatyn in Belarus is burnt alive by German occupation forces.
  • 1943 – George Benson was born. American jazz musician.
  • 1943 – Keith Relf was born (d. 1976). British musician (The Yardbirds).
  • 1944 – Pierre Brossolette dies. French journalist.
  • 1945 – The Arab League is founded by seven Middle East countries: Arabia Saudita, Egipto, Irak, Transjordania (actual Jordania), Líbano, Siria y Yemen.
  • 1945 – Última reunião de Heinrich Himmler com seus Chefes de Estado-Maior – Alemanha
  • 1945 – Paul Schockemöhle was born. Equestrian.
  • 1945 – John Hessin Clarke dies (b. 1857). Associate justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1946 – André Heller was born. Artist.
  • 1946 – Rudy Rucker was born. American science fiction author.
  • 1946 – Jordan gains independence from British rule.
  • 1948 – Wolf Blitzer was born. American television journalist.
  • 1948 – Andrew Lloyd Webber was born. English composer Jesus Christ Superstar, Hair’Phantom of the Opera’ and ‘Cats’.
  • 1949 – Lebanon and Israel signed an armistice.
  • 1949 – Fanny Ardant was born. French actress.
  • 1950 – Jocky Wilson was born. Scottish darts player.
  • 1951 – Musa Khiramanovich was born. Russian astronaut.
  • 1951 – Willem Mengelberg dies (b. 1871). Dutch conductor.
  • 1952 – Bob Costas was born. American sports commentator, broadcaster, talk show host
  • 1952 – Uncle Dave Macon dies. Country music performer.
  • 1953 – Jânio Quadros toma posse como prefeito da cidade de São Paulo.
  • 1953 – Coronación del rey Husein de Jordania.
  • 1954 – Closed since 1939, the London gold market reopens.
  • 1955 – El Parlamento de la India declara ilegales las discriminaciones de que son víctimas los parias.
  • 1955 – Descobrimento do cometa Harrington-Abell.
  • 1955 – Pete Sessions was born. American politician.
  • 1955 – Valdis Zatlers was born. 7th President of Latvia
  • 1956 – Lena Olin was born. Swedish actress .
  • 1956 – O Afeganistão ratifica a Convenção para a Prevenção e Sanção do Delito de Genocidio.
  • 1956 – Generosa Ammon was born (d. 2003). Widow of Ted Ammon.
  • 1957 – Stephanie Mills was born. American actress, singer
  • 1958 – Constituição do ‘Colegio Oficial de Peritos Industriales de Aragón’ .
  • 1958 – Faisal becomes King of Saudi Arabia.
  • 1958 – Laurie David was born. American political activist; wife of Larry David.
  • 1958 – Pete Wylie was born. British singer/songwriter.
  • 1959 – Matthew Modine was born. American actor (Full Metal Jacket).
  • 1959 – Carlton Cuse was born. Mexican-born American TV writer and executive.
  • 1960 – A.L. Schawlow & C.H. Townes receive the first patent for a laser.
  • 1960 – Agnes Arber dies. English botanist.
  • 1962 – Aura Abranches dies. Portuguese actress.
  • 1963 – Please Please Me, the first Beatles album, is released in the UK.
  • 1964 – Bruce Woloshyn was born. Canadian visual effects artist.
  • 1965 – Bob Dylan “goes electric,” releasing his first album featuring electric instruments, Bringing It All Back Home.
  • 1965 – Faria Lima é eleito prefeito da cidade de São Paulo, na primeira eleição depois do golpe de 1964.
  • 1965 – Emma Wray was born. English actress.
  • 1965 – John Kordic was born (d. 1992). Canadian ice hockey player.
  • 1966 – Song Kwang Sik was born. Korean singer.
  • 1966 – Artis Pabriks was born. Latvian Minister of Foreign Affairs .
  • 1966 – Archbishop of Canterbury Arthur Michael Ramsey and Pope Paul VI met in Rome. This was the first official meeting between heads of the Anglican and Roman Catholic churches after more than 400 years of division.
  • 1967 – Mario Cipollini was born. Italian cyclist .
  • 1967 – Mauritânia ingressa na União Postal Universal (Universal Postal Union) .
  • 1968 – Salazar determinou a fixação da residência de Mário Soares em São Tomé .
  • 1968 -Mauno Koivisto assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro da Finlândia .
  • 1968 – Comienza la revuelta estudiantil que conduciría al “Mayo francés”.
  • 1968 – Jarmila Novotna resigns presidency of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1968 – Euronymous was born. Norwegian musician
  • 1970 – Andreas Johnson was born. Swedish singer
  • 1970 – Leontien van Moorsel was born. Dutch cyclist.
  • 1971 – O Conselho Europeu adopta o Plano Werner.
  • 1972 – Início das atividades da Loteria de Massachusetts – Estados Unidos .
  • 1972 – Cory Lidle was orn (d. 2006). American baseball player.
  • 1972 – Shawn Bradley was born. American basketball player .
  • 1972 – Elvis Stojko was born. Canadian figure skater.
  • 1972 – Rui Costa was born. Portuguese footballer.
  • 1973 – Beverley Knight was born. English singer
  • 1973 – Juninho was born. Brazilian football player.
  • 1973 – Joe Nedney was born. American football player
  • 1973 – Elijio García dies. Argentine sindicalist.
  • 1973 – Hilda Geiringer dies. Mathematician.
  • 1974 – Marcus Camby was born. American basketball player .
  • 1974 – Kidada Jones was born. American actress.
  • 1974 – Philippe Clement was born. Belgian footballer.
  • 1974 – Peter Revson dies (b. 1939). American racecar driver.
  • 1975 – A Convenção Internacional sobre Eliminação de Discriminação Racial entra em vigor no México .
  • 1975 – Alberto Valentim do Carmo was born. Brazilian football player.
  • 1975 – Mariusz Piekarski was born. Polish football player.
  • 1975 – A fire at the Brown’s Ferry nuclear reactor in Decatur, Alabama causes dangerous lowering of cooling water levels.
  • 1975 – In Stockholm, Sweden, Teach-In wins the twentieth Eurovision Song Contest for the Netherlands singing “Ding-a-dong”.
  • 1975 – Jirí Novák was born. Czech tennis player.
  • 1975 – Paul Verhoeven dies at 73. German director.
  • 1976 – Reese Witherspoon was born. American actress, 2006 Academy award for Best Actress .
  • 1976 – Teun de Nooijer was born. Dutch field hockey player.
  • 1977 – Renúncia da primeira-ministra da Índia, Indira Gandhi – retornará ao poder em 1980 .
  • 1977 – Joey Porter was born. American football player
  • 1977 – A.K. Gopalan dies (b. 1904). Indian communist leader.
  • 1978 – Karl Wallenda acrobat of the Flying Wallendas dies after falling off a tight-rope between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
  • 1978 – Tom Poti was born. Professional hockey player
  • 1979 – Sr. Richard Sykes, embaixador britânico na Holanda, é morto por terroristas irlandeses.
  • 1979 – Comissionamento do submarino grego Poseidon S116 .
  • 1979 – Maati Bouabid assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro de Marrocos .
  • 1979 – Parlamento de Israel aprova tratado de paz com o Egito .
  • 1979 – Margaret Thatcher puts down an Early Day Motion censuring the government, which leads to the defeat of the Labour government of James Callaghan.
  • 1979 – Aaron North was born. American guitarist.
  • 1979 – Juan Uribe was born. Dominican baseball player.
  • 1979 – Aldo Duscher was born. Argentine footballer.
  • 1980 – Hélio Oiticica dies. Brazilian artist.
  • 1980 – The deposed Shah of Iran traveled from Panama to Cairo, accepting an invitation for medical treatment and sanctuary by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.
  • 1980 – Shannon Bex was born. American singer (Danity Kane).
  • 1980 – Pamela O’Connor was born. Scottish ice dancer
  • 1981 – James “Jumbo” Elliott dies (b. 1915). Hall of fame track coach .
  • 1981 – Victoria Lanz was born. Venezuelan porn star
  • 1981 – MIMS was born. American rapper
  • 1982 – Pete Bennett was born. British musician and winner of Big Brother 2006
  • 1983 – Científicos australianos implantan con éxito en una mujer un embrión congelado.
  • 1984 – Teachers at the McMartin preschool in Manhattan Beach, California are charged with Satanic ritual abuse of the children in the school. The charges are later dropped as completely unfounded.
  • 1984 – Laura Alvim dies. Brazilian actress.
  • 1986 – Charles Starrett dies (b. 1903). American actor.
  • 1986 – Mark Dinning dies (b. 1933). American singer.
  • 1988 – Tania Raymonde was born. American actress
  • 1989 – Clint Malarchuk of the Buffalo Sabres suffers a near-fatal injury when another player accidentally slits his throat in one of the most gruesome sports injuries of all time.
  • 1989 – Fawn Hall, Oliver North‘s former secretary, begins two days of testimony at North’s Iran-Contra trial in Washington.
  • 1989 – Más de cien mil personas abandonan Beirut, ciudad sometida a continuos bombardeos por parte del Ejército sirio y sus aliados de las facciones musulmanas drusas, en lucha con las fuerzas cristianas del general Michel Aoun.
  • 1990 – Gerald Bull dies (b. 1928). Canadian engineer.
  • 1991 – Gloria Holden dies (b. 1908). British actress.
  • 1991 – Léon Balcer dies (b. 1917). French Canadian politician.
  • 1992 – Nigel Mansell (Equipe Williams) vence o Grande Prêmio de Mexico City .
  • 1992 – Friedrich A. von Hayek died in Freiburg, Germany. Economist and political philosopher.
  • 1992 – Luke Freeman was born. English footballer
  • 1993 – The Intel Corporation ships the first Pentium chips (80586) 64 bits-60 MHz-100+ MIPS.
  • 1994 -“Belle Epoque” de Fernando Trueba Oscar de la Academia a la mejor película extranjera.
  • 1994 – Dan Hartman dies (b. 1950). American musician, songwriter, and record producer.
  • 1994 – José Aragón dies. Clown.
  • 1994 – Raúl Matera dies. Argentine neurocirurgion.
  • 1994 – Walter Lantz dies. American cartoonist (Woody Woodpecker) .
  • 1995 – Colômbia ratifica a Convenção sobre Mudanças Climáticas da ONU.
  • 1995 –
  • 1995 – Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov returns after setting a record for 438 days in space.
  • 1996 – Göran Persson succeeds Ingvar Carlsson as swedish prime minister.
  • 1996 – Don Murray dies (b. 1945). American drummer (The Turtles)
  • 1997 – Emissão do selo ‘Dia Mundial da Água’ .
  • 1997 – ONU pede um cessar-fogo no Zaire .
  • 1997 – El Parlamento de Polonia aprueba por amplia mayoría la primera Constitución democrática del país.
  • 1997 – Tara Lipinski, age 14 years and 10 months, becomes the youngest champion of the women’s world figure skating competition.
  • 1997 – The comet Hale-Bopp has its closest approach to earth.
  • 1997 – Thirty-nine members of the Heaven’s Gate cult in California began committing mass suicide in anticipation of the arrival of comet Hale-Bopp. The suicides would take place in three groups over the course of three days.
  • 1998 – 18th Golden Raspberry Awards: The Postman wins .
  • 1999 – El secretario general de la OTAN, Javier Solana Madariaga, recibe plenos poderes de la Alianza para intervenir militarmente en Belgrado si el presidente serbio Slobodan Milosevic rechaza el plan de paz de Rambouillet.
  • 1999 – David Strickland dies (b. 1969). American actor.
  • 1999 – Exoneração de 4 administradores regionais – São Paulo (Brasil).
  • 1999 – Balonistas (Brian Jones e Bertrand Piccard) batem os recordes de distância, tempo e permanência.
  • 2000 – Yasser Arafat recebe o Papa João Paulo II em Belém .
  • 2000 – Girija Prasad Koirala assume (pela 3º vez) o cargo de primeiro-ministro do Nepal .
  • 2000 – Rwanda’s president Pasteur Bizimungu resigns.
  • 2000 – O escritor Paulo Coelho é condecorado na França .
  • 2001 – The remains of Madalyn Murray O’Hair, her son Jon Garth, and her son Robin O’Hair are laid to rest in an unmarked grave in an unknown cemetery. That’s the way her son, William Murray, wants it.
  • 2001 – O adolescente norte-americano Charles “Andy” Williams mata 2 colegas e fere 13 pessoas .
  • 2001 – William Hanna dies (b. 1910). American animator and studio founder.
  • 2002 – Estados Unidos decidem fechar a sua embaixada em Saravejo (Bósnia-Herzegovina) .
  • 2002 – O Ministério da Educação inaugura o Centro Guaçuano de Educação Profissional (Mogi Guaçu-SP) .
  • 2002 – Informada a descoberta de um sítio arqueológico na província de Colón (Panamá) .
  • 2002 – Justiça inglesa libera a 1º eutanásia (uma mulher tetraplégica de 43 anos) .
  • 2003 – Colisão de dois helicópteros britânicos Sea King no Golfo Pérsico (7 vítimas) .
  • 2003 – Geraldo França de Lima dies. Brazilian writer.
  • 2003 – Forças da coligação capturam a cidade iraquiana de Nasiriya .
  • 2003 – O piloto espanhol Fernando Alonso conquista a pole position no circuito de Sepang – Malásia .
  • 2003 – O Corinthians vence (3 x 2) o São Paulo no Morumbi e torna-se campeão paulista .
  • 2003 – Terry Lloyd dies (b. 1952). English reporter.
  • 2004 – Oito soldados paquistaneses morrem em emboscada em Wana .
  • 2004 – Decretada quebra do sigilo bancário do ex-assessor da Presidência da República, Waldomiro Diniz (Brasil).
  • 2004 – FMI aprova revisão das metas econômicas da Argentina .
  • 2004 – Paranaenses plantam 1 milhão de árvores .
  • 2004 – Equador assina o acordo internacional anti-tabagismo (Framework Convention on Tobacco Control)
  • 2004 – Sheikh Ahmed Yassin dies killed by Israelits, co-founder and spiritual leader of the Palestinian Sunni Islamist militant group Hamas, and bodyguards are killed in the Gaza Strip when hit by Israeli Air Force AH-64 Apache fired Hellfire missiles.
  • 2005 – According to the College of Bishops of the Episcopal Church of Scotland, being a “practicing homosexual” does not constitute “a bar to the exercise of an ordained ministry.”
  • 2005 – Pat Summitt, coach of the University of Tennessee Lady Vols (women’s college basketball), becomes the all-time leader in victories for both men’s and women’s college basketball, getting her 880th win as coach of the team.
  • 2005 – Kenzo Tange dies (b. 1913). Japanese architect.
  • 2006 – ETA, armed Basque terrorist group, declares permanent ceasefire, broken in December.
  • 2006 – Queen of the North runs aground on Gil Island and sinks; 101 on board, 2 presumed deaths.
  • 2006 – Three Christian Peacemaker Teams Hostages are freed by British forces in Baghdad after 118 days captivity and the death of their colleague, American Tom Fox.
  • 2006 – Pierre Clostermann dies (b. 1921). French World War II pilot.
  • 2006 – Kurt von Trojan dies (b. 1937). Australian science fiction author.
  • 2007 – Marks the official blastoff of the The Flying Wallendas comeback tour, in Columbus, Ohio. The Chetah Girls are scheduled to perform.
  • 2007 – Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti dies (b. 1918). Indian philosopher.
  • 2008 – Adolfo Antonio Suárez Rivera dies (b. 1927). Mexican religious
  • 2008 – Cachao López dies (b. 1918). Cuban mambo musician.
  • World Water Day / Dia Mundial da Água (UNESCO). A Assembleia Geral da ONU declarou 22 de Março Dia Mundial da Água (resolução 47/193, de 22 de Dezembro de 1992). A celebração deste dia tem como objetivo dar a conhecer até que ponto o desenvolvimento dos recursos hídricos contribui para a produtividade económica, saúde e o bem-estar social.
  • Mothering Sunday 2009.
 

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