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On this day in History – Mar. 02 Março 2, 2009

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:40 am
  • 0855 – Lothair dies (b. 0795). King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 0986 – Louis V becomes King of the Franks.
  • 1121 – Dirk VI becomes count of Holland.
  • 1316 – King Robert II of Scotland (1371-90) was born (d. 1390).
  • 1316 – Marjorie Bruce dies (b. 1296). Daughter of Robert I of Scotland.
  • 1409 – John II of Alençon was born (d. 1476). French soldier.
  • 1459 – Pope Adrian VI [Adriaan F. Boeyens], was born in Netherlands (d. 1523). Pope (1522-23).
  • 1476 – D. Afonso V é derrotado em Toro pelo exército dos Reis Católicos.
  • 1498 – Vasco da Gama’s fleet visited Mozambique Island.
  • 1545 – Thomas Bodley was born (d.1613). English diplomat and library founder.
  • 1561 – El capitán Pedro del Castillo funda la ciudad argentina de Mendoza.
  • 1572 – Mem de Sá dies (b. c. 1500). Portuguese Governor-General of Brazil.
  • 1578 – George Sandys was born (d. 1644). English colonist and poet.
  • 1589 – Alessandro Cardinal Farnese dies (b. 1520).Italian cardinal.
  • 1705 – William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield was born (d. 1793). Scottish judge and politician.
  • 1717 – The Loves of Mars and Venus becomes the first ballet performed in England.
  • 1725 – George F. Handel’s opera “Giulio Cesare in Egitto” premiered in London.
  • 1725 – José Benito de Churriguera dies (b. 1665). Spanish architect and sculptor.
  • 1729 – Francesco Bianchini dies (b. 1662). Italian philosopher and scientist.
  • 1755 – Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon dies (b. 1675). French writer.
  • 1758 – Pierre Guérin de Tencin dies (b. 1679). French cardinal.
  • 1760 – Camille Desmoulins was born (d. 1794). French journalist and politician.
  • 1770 – Louis Gabriel Suchet was born (d. 1826). French marshal.
  • 1779 – Joel Roberts Poinsett was born (d. 1851). American statesman and botanist.
  • 1783 – Francisco Salzillo y Alcaraz dies. Sculptor and engineer.
  • 1791 – Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
  • 1791 – John Wesley dies (b. 1703). English founder of Methodism.
  • 1793 – Sam[uel] Houston was born in Rockbridge County, Virginia (d. 1863). President of the Republic of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44).
  • 1793 – Carl Gustaf Pilo dies. Swedish-born artist.
  • 1797 – Horace Walpole dies (b. 24 Sep 1717). English horror writer, novelist and playwright.
  • 1799 – Congress standardizes US weights & measures.
  • 1800 – Evgeny Baratynsky was born (d. 1844). Russian poet.
  • 1807 – The U.S. Congress passes an act to “prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States … from any foreign kingdom, place, or country”.
  • 1808 – The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
  • 1810 – Pope Leo XIII [Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci] was born (d. 20 Jul 1903). Elected 256th pope on 20 February 1878.
  • 1815 – Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King.
  • 1816 – Alexander H. Bullock was born (d. 1882). 26th Governor of Massachusetts.
  • 1819 – Territory of Arkansas organized.
  • 1820 – Multatuli was born (d. 1887). Dutch writer.
  • 1822 – Manuela Medina [ La Capitana] dies in Texcoco. Mexican heroin and revolucionary
  • 1822 – Capitulación del caudillo uruguayo Rivera ante las fuerzas portuguesas.
  • 1824 – Bedrich Smetana was born (d. 1884). Czech composer (Bartered Bride, Moldau).
  • 1929 – Congress creates Court of Customs & Patent Appeals.
  • 1829 – Carl Schurz was born (d. 1906). German revolutionist and American statesman.
  • 1830 – Samuel Thomas von Sömmering dies (b. 1755). German physician.
  • 1835 – Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor dies (b. 1768).
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico on Sam Houston’s 43rd birthday.
  • 1836 – Henry Billings Brown was born (d. 1913). U.S. Supreme Court Justice.
  • 1840 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers (b. 11 Oct 1758). German astronomer and physician, born in Arbergen, Germany. While practising medicine at Bremen, he calculated the orbit of the comet of 1779, discovered the minor planets (asteroids) Pallas (1802) and Vesta (1807), and discovered five comets (all but one already observed at Paris).
  • 1842 – The Grand National steeplechase at Aintree near Liverpool England is won by Gaylad, ridden by Tom Olliver.
  • 1842 – Carl Jacobsen was born (d. 1914). Danish brewer and patron of the arts after whom the Carlsberg brewery was named.
  • 1843 – Princess Maria Clotilde of Savoy was born (d. 1911).
  • 1849 – Robert Means Thompson was born (d. 1930). American naval officer.
  • 1855 – Alexander II becomes Tsar of Russia.
  • 1855 – Nicholas I of Russia dies (b. 1796). Emperor of Russia.
  • 1859 – Sholom Aleichem was born (d. 1916). Russian novelist.
  • 1860 – Dinis Moreira da Mota was born (d. 1914). Portuguese civil engineer and politician.
  • 1860 – Susanna M. Salter was born (d. 1961). American politician.
  • 1862 – Boris Borisovich Galitzine was born (d. 1916). Russian physicist.
  • 1863 – The United States Congress authorizes track width of 4 ftin (1,435 mm) for Union Pacific Railroad.
  • 1865 – British newspaper “Morning Chronicle” began publishing.
  • 1865 – Comienza en París la Conferencia Internacional para establecer un sistema de comunicaciones y de tarifas telegráficas.
  • 1865 – Carl Sylvius Völkner dies (b. 1819). German missionary to New Zealand.
  • 1866 – Excelsior Needle Company of Wolcottville, Connecticut began making sewing machine needles.
  • 1867 – The United States Congress passed the 1st Reconstruction Act.
  • 1867 – Raúl Brandão was born in Foz do Douro, Porto (d. Lisbon 1930). Portuguese writer.
  • 1876 – Pope Pius XII [Eugenio Pacelli] was born (d. 09 Oct 1958). 260th pope (1939-1958).
  • 1877 – U.S. presidential election, 1876: The U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876 (Reconstruction ends).
  • 1878 – Ignacio Veintemilla se proclama dictador de la República de Ecuador por segunda vez.
  • 1878 – William Kissam Vanderbilt II was born (d. 1944). Member of the Vanderbilt family.
  • 1879 – John Eberhard Faber dies in New York (b. 6 Dec 1822). German industrialist, with his brother Lothar von Faber, went to the United States in 1849 and built a Faber manufacturing plant, the first large-scale American pencil factory.
  • 1880 – Sir John MacNeill dies (b. 1790). Irish civil engineer.
  • 1882 – Roderick Maclean tenta assassinar a rainha Vitória em Windsor.
  • 1886 – Willis O’Brien was born (d. 1962). American animator.
  • 1887 – August Wilhelm Eichler dies (b. 4 Apr 1839) German botanist who developed one of the first widely used natural systems of plant classification. He worked out the symmetry of the parts of a flower and developed a one of the first systems of plant classification .
  • 1887 – Harry E. Soref was born (d. 1 Mar 1957). Locksmith, inventor of the laminated steel padlock, and founder of Master Lock Company (1921).
  • 1888 – The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.
  • 1891 – Celebración en España de las primeras elecciones legislativas por sufragio universal.
  • 1892 – Ruy Coelho was born in Figueira da Foz (d. in Lisbon, 5 May 1986). Portuguese composer.
  • 1895 – Berthe Morisot dies (b. 1841). French Impressionist painter.
  • 1896 – Henri Becquerel reported his discovery of the penetrating rays of a uranium compound to the French Academy of Sciences. The photographic plate, fogged by these rays, showing the outline of a metal cross lying between the compound and the plate, is the first recognition of the effects later known as radioactivity.
  • 1896 – Ethiopia defeats Italy in the Battle of Adwa, marking the first victory of an African nation over a colonial power.
  • 1897 – Ernesto da Silva Guimarães was born. Brazilian writer.
  • 1898 – Amélia Rey Colaço was born (d. 8 Jul 1990). Portuguese actress and theater entrepreneur / Nasce Amélia Rey Colaço (m. 8 Jul 1990). Actriz, encenadora e empresária de teatro.
  • 1899 – In Washington State, USA, Mount Rainier National Park is established.
  • 1900 – António de Serpa Pimentel dies in Lisbon (d. 20 Nov 1825). Portuguese politician.
  • 1900 – Kurt Weill was born in Dessau (d. 1950). German composer (The Threepenny Opera), Brecht collaborator.
  • 1901 – The U.S. Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
  • 1902 – Moe Berg was born (d. 1972). American baseball player and spy .
  • 1902 – Edward Uhler Condon was born (d. 26 Mar 1974). American physicist for whom the Franck-Condon principle was named (1928) and who applied quantum mechanics to an understanding of atomic, molecular and nuclear structure .
  • 1903 – In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opens. The hotel featured 416 rooms and was the first hotel exclusively for women.
  • 1904 – Gabriele d’Annunzio’s “La figlia di Iorio” premiered in Milan.
  • 1904 – Theodore Seuss Geisel “Dr. Seuss” was born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 24 Sep 1991). Winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 1984 and three Academy Awards, Seuss was the author and illustrator of 44 children’s books, some of which have been made into audiocassettes, animated television specials, and videos for children of all ages.
  • 1908 – Gabriel Lippman introduced the new three-dimensional colour photography at the Academy of Sciences.
  • 1908 – Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov was born (d. 1968). Yakut-born Soviet sniper.
  • 1908 – Walter Bruch was born (d. 1990). German engineer.
  • 1909 – Mel Ott was born (d. 1958). American baseball player.
  • 1910 – 2 trains crash in snow storm in Wellington WA, 118 die.
  • 1912 – Henry Katzman was born (d. 2001). American composer and pianist.
  • 1913 – Georgii Nikolaevich Flerov was born (d. 19 Nov 1990). Russian scientist who, in 1941, recognized that uranium undergoes spontaneous fission (needing no neutron bombardment). He was one of the early Russian investigators of nuclear fission.
  • 1913 – Godfried Bomans was born (d. 1971). Dutch author and television personality.
  • 1913 – Celedonio Romero was born (d. 1996). Spanish guitarist.
  • 1913 – Mort Cooper was born (d. 1958). American baseball player.
  • 1914 – Martin Ritt was born (d. 1990). American director.
  • 1915 – O aumento do preço do pão provocou tumultos e assaltos em todo o território português.
  • 1916 – El poeta español Juan Ramón Jiménez contrae matrimonio con Zenobia Camprubi en Nueva York.
  • 1917 – The enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act grants Puerto Ricans, United States citizenship.
  • 1917 (O.S.) – Nicholas II of Russia abdicates the throne in favor of his brother Michael.
  • 1917 – Desi Arnaz was born (d. 1986). Cuban-born actor, bandleader, musician, singer/actor (Ricky Ricardo-I Love Lucy).
  • 1917 – Jim Konstanty was born (d. 1976). American baseball player.
  • 1917 – David Goodis was born (d. 1967). American writer.
  • 1918 – Sidónio Pais assiste a uma missa na Sé de Lisboa, reconciliando o regime com a Igreja.
  • 1918 – Peter O’Sullevan was born. Irish horse racing commentator.
  • 1919 – The first Communist International meets in Moscow.
  • 1919 – Jennifer Jones was born. Academy Award-winning actress (The Song of Bernadette [1943], Carrie, Love is a Many-Splendored Thing, The Towering Inferno).
  • 1919 – Tamara Toumanova was born (d. 1996). Russian ballerina and actress.
  • 1921 – King Nicholas I of Montenegro dies (b. 1841).
  • 1921 – Champ Clark dies (b. 1850). American politician.
  • 1922 – Eddie “Lockjaw” Davis was born (d. 1986). American jazz tenor saxophonist.
  • 1923 – Time magazine made its debut.
  • 1923 – Basil Hume was born (d. 1999). Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster, England.
  • 1923 – Orrin Keepnews was born. American writer and critic.
  • 1923 – Robert H. Michel was born. American politician.
  • 1923 – Doc Watson was born. Bluegrass singer-musician.
  • 1925 – Secretary of Agriculture approves first list of United States Numbered Highways.
  • 1926 – Murray Rothbard was born (d. 1995). American economist.
  • 1927 – Roger Walkowiak was born. French cyclist.
  • 1928 – Father John Romanides was born (d. 2001). Greek priest and professor.
  • 1929 – Jones Act attempts to strengthen Prohibition. Congress passes the Jones Act, the last effort at enforcing Prohibition. Since 1920, when the Eighteenth Amendment went into effect, the United States had banned the production, importation, and sale of alcoholic beverages; but the laws were ineffective at actually preventing the consumption of alcohol. The Jones Act served to strengthen the federal penalties for bootlegging.
  • 1930 – Emma Penella was born (d. 2007). Spanish actress.
  • 1930 – John Cullum was born. American actor and singer.
  • 1930 – D. H. Lawrence dies of tuberculosis in a sanitarium in Vence, France (b. 1885). Writer.
  • 1931 – Mikhail Gorbachev was born. President of the Soviet Union, responsible for restructuring the Soviet economy (perestroika) and openness and information (glasnost). He was recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1931 – Tom Wolfe was born. American journalist and author (Right Stuff).
  • 1933 – King Kong, the film directed by Meriam C. Cooper, premieres in New York City.
  • 1934 – Paul Joseph Cohen was born. American mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1966 for his proof of the independence of the continuum hypothesis from the other axioms of set theory.
  • 1935 – Al Waxman was born (d. 2001). Canadian actor.
  • 1936 – Belfast boxer Jimmy Warnock beat Benny Lynch the undisputed world flyweight boxing champion.
  • 1937 – The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signs a surprise collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry.
  • 1937 – Jose Pena Gomez was born in Valverde, Dominican Republic (d. 1998 ). Advocate for the poor and later mayor of Santo Domingo.
  • 1937 – José Francisco Guerrero was born. Salvadoran politician.
  • 1937 – Valentina Nikolayeva-Tereshkova was born. Russian astronaut who became the first woman to orbit the Earth on Vostok 6.
  • 1938 – Ricardo Lagos Escobar was born. Presidente of Chile .
  • 1938 – Lawrence Payton was born (d. 1997). American singer and sngwriter (The Four Tops)
  • 1938 – Ben Harney dies (b. 1871). US composer and ragtime pianist.
  • 1939 – Howard Carter dies (b. 9 May 1873). British archaeologist who made one of the richest and most celebrated contributions to Egyptology: the discovery (1922) of the largely intact tomb of King Tutankhamen.
  • 1939 – Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected Pope and takes the name Pius XII.
  • 1939 – Barbara Luna was born. Actress.
  • 1940 – Elmer Fudd makes his debut in the cartoon Elmer’s Candid Camera.
  • 1940 – Tony Croatto was born (d. 2005). Italian-born singer and composer.
  • 1940 – Ricardo Miró dies (b. 1883). Panamanian poet.
  • 1941 – World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
  • 1941 – Jon Finch was born. Actor.
  • 1942 – 14th Academy Awards: “How Green was My Valley”, Gary Cooper & Joan Fontaine win.
  • 1942 – Peter Guber was born. American film producer.
  • 1942 – John Irving was born in Exeter, New Hampshire. American author (The World According to Garp; The Hotel New Hampshire, Cider House Rules, A Prayer for Owen Meaney… ).
  • 1942 – Kwang Jo Choi was born. Founder of Choi Kwang- do and is one of the twelve original Masters of Taekwon-Do.
  • 1942 – Lou Reed was born. American singer and guitarist(singer, songwriter, guitarist: group: Velvet Underground; solo: Walk on the Wild Side, Charley’s Girl; I Love You Suzanne; appeared in Paul Simon film: One Trick Pony).
  • 1942 – Luc Plamondon was born. French Canadian lyricist.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of the Bismarck SeaUnited States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.
  • 1943 – 173 people die in the Bethnal Green Tube Disaster, London, the worst civilian disaster of World War 2.
  • 1943 – Claude Larose was born. French Canadian ice hockey player.
  • 1943 – Peter Straub was born. American author.
  • 1943 – Tony Meehan was born (d. 2005). English drummer (The Shadows).
  • 1943 – Zygfryd Blaut was born (d. 2005). Polish footballer.
  • 1944 – 16th Academy Awards: The Outstanding Motion Picture was “Casablanca”, directed by Michael Curtiz, who won an Oscar. Best Actor of 1943 was Paul Lukas for “Watch on the Rhine” and Best Actor in a Supporting Role was Charles Coburn for “The More the Merrier”. The Best Actress award was presented to twenty-four-year-old Jennifer Jones for “The Song of Bernadette” and Best Actress in a Supporting Role was Katina Paxinou in “For Whom the Bell Tolls”.
  • 1944 – Uschi Glas was born. German actress.
  • 1944 – Alejandro Aura was born. Mexican poet and dramatist.
  • 1944 – Daniel de Sá was born. Portuguese writer.
  • 1945 – Emily Carr dies (b. 1871). Canadian artist.
  • 1946 – Ho Chi Minh the Vietnamese Communist leader is elected the President of the short-lived Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam).
  • 1946 – Fidél Pálffy dies (b. 1895). Hungarian Nazi.
  • 1947 – Harry Redknapp was born. English football manager.
  • 1947 – Nelson Ned was born. Brasilian singer.
  • 1947 – Luís de Montalvor [Luís da Silva Ramos] dies in Lisbon (b. in S. Vicente, Cape Vert, 31 de Jan 1891 ). Portuguese editor and poet.
  • 1948 – Larry Carlton was born. American guitarist.
  • 1948 – R. T. Crowley was born. Writer, pioneer of EDI (Electronic Data Interchange).
  • 1948 – Rory Gallagher was born (d. 1995). Irish guitarist.
  • 1948 – Jeff Kennett was born. Australian politician, Victorian premier.
  • 1949 – Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute.
  • 1949 – A US B-50 Superfortress, the Lucky Lady II, lands at Fort Worth, Texas, completing the first nonstop round-the-world flight.
  • 1949 – Soft-coal strike in US. The US’s soft-coal workers, led by United Mine Workers chief John L. Lewis, hit the picket line to protest the recent appointment of Dr. James Boyd as the head of the Federal Bureau of Mines.
  • 1949 – The first automatic street light was installed in New Milford, Connecticut.
  • 1949 – Alain Chamfort was born. French singer.
  • 1949 – Gates McFadden was born. American actress.
  • 1949 – Eddie Money was born. American singer.
  • 1949 – J. P. R. Williams was born. Welsh rugby union footballer.
  • 1950 – Jeffrey Chodorow was born. American restaurateur and financier.
  • 1950 – Karen Carpenter was born (d. 1983). American singer and drummer (The Carpenters).
  • 1951 – Cassie Yates was born. American actress.
  • 1951 – Roberto Dañino Zapata, nacimiento de, peruano, Vicepresidente Senior del Banco Mundial.
  • 1952 – José Carlos Amaral Vieira was born. Brazilian composer and pianist.
  • 1952 – Laraine Newman was born. American actress and comedian.
  • 1952 – Mark Evanier was born. American writer.
  • 1953 – The Academy Awards are first broadcast on television by NBC.
  • 1953 – Russ Feingold was born. American politician.
  • 1953 – Jim Lightbody dies (b. 1882). American middle-distance runner.
  • 1955 – the William Inge play “Bus Stop” opened at the Music Box Theatre in New York.
  • 1955 – King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit.
  • 1955 – Jay Osmond was born. American pop star / drummer (The Osmonds).
  • 1955 – Shoko Asahara was born. Japanese cult leader.
  • 1955 – Ken Salazar was born. American politician.
  • 1956 – Morocco declares its independence from France.
  • 1956 – John Cowsill was born. Musician/drummer, singer, The Cowsills and The Beach Boys.
  • 1956 – Mark Evans was born. Australian bassist of AC/DC.
  • 1958 – Antartic crossed for the first time by Dr Vivian Fuchs.
  • 1958 – Yemen announces that it will join the United Arab Republic.
  • 1958 – Ian Woosnam was born. Welsh golfer.
  • 1958 – Kevin Curren was born. South African tennis player.
  • 1958 – Peter Arnold was born. American architect.
  • 1958 – Fred Merkle dies (b. 1888). American baseball figure.
  • 1959 – Miles Davis holds the first recording session for Kind of Blue at Columbia 30th Street Studio in New York, NY.
  • 1959 – Larry Stewart was born. Country singer (Restless Heart).
  • 1959 – Eric Blore dies (b. 1887). English actor.
  • 1960 – Hector Calma was born. Filipino basketball player.
  • 1960 – Stanisław Taczak dies (b. 1874). Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising (1918-1919) against the Germans.
  • 1961 – Simone Young was born. Australian conductor.
  • 1962 – In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup.
  • 1962 – In Hershey, Pennsylvania, Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia 76ers scores 100 points against the New York Knicks, breaking several National Basketball Association records.
  • 1962 – Al Del Greco was born. American football player.
  • 1962 – Jon Bon Jovi was born. Amercian musician (Bon Jovi).
  • 1962 – Michael Salinger was born. American poet.
  • 1962 – Morioka Hiroyuki was born. Japanese writer.
  • 1962 – Raimo Summanen was born. Finnish ice hockey player and coach.
  • 1962 – Scott Sterling was born. American musician (Scott La Rock).
  • 1962 – Tom Nordlie was born. Norwegian football coach.
  • 1962 – Charles de la Vallée Poussin dies. Belgian mathematician.
  • 1963 – Release of Please Please Me in the United Kingdom, the first LP from The Beatles.
  • 1963 – Tanyu Kiryakov was born. Bulgarian pistol shooter.
  • 1963 – Tuff Hedeman was born. American bull rider.
  • 1964 – Megan Leigh was born (d. 1990). American actress.
  • 1964 – Mike Von Erich was born (d. 1987). American professional wrestler.
  • 1965 – the movie version of Rodgers and Hammerstein’s musical “The Sound of Music” had its world premiere at New York’s Rivoli Theater.
  • 1965 – Bombing of North Vietnam starts. Operation Rolling Thunder begins with more than 100 United States Air Force jet bombers striking an ammunition depot at Xom Bang, 10 miles inside North Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Lembit Öpik was born. British politician.
  • 1965 – Ron Gant was born. American baseball player.
  • 1966 – A Canadian Pacific Airlines DC-8 crashes on landing at Tokyo’s Haneda Airport in a thunderstorm one day before the crash of BOAC Flight 911 from the same location.
  • 1967 – 9th Grammy Awards: Strangers in Night & Michele win.
  • 1967 – José Martínez Ruiz dies (b. 1873). Spanish poet and writer.
  • 1968 – World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Geneva won by Lyudmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov (USSR). Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Peggy Fleming (USA). Men’s Figure Skating Championship won by Emmerich Danzer (Austria).
  • 1968 – Daniel Craig was born. English actor.
  • 1969 – In Toulouse, France the first test flight of the Concorde is conducted.
  • 1969 – Soviet and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the Ussuri River.
  • 1969 – the Concorde SST Supersonic jet aircraft made its maiden flight.
  • 1970 – Rhodesia declares itself a republic, breaking its last links with the British crown.
  • 1970 – American Airlines’ first flight of a Boeing 747.
  • 1970 – Marc-Aurèle Fortin dies (b. 1888). Quebec painter.
  • 1971 – Bangladesh se declara independiente de Pakistán.1970 American Airlines’ first flight of a Boeing 747.
  • 1971 – Amber Smith was born. American actress and model.
  • 1971 – Dave Gorman was born. English documentary comedian.
  • 1971 – Elizabeth Lackey was born. American actress.
  • 1972 – The Pioneer 10 spaceprobe is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with a mission to explore the outer planets.
  • 1972 – Jean-Bédel Bokassa appointed himself President for life of Central African Republic.
  • 1972 – Richard Ruccolo was born. American actor.
  • 1973 – Arab commandos, “Black September” terrorists, led by Abu Jihad executed 3 hostages in Khartoum, Sudan, after Pres. Nixon refused their demands. US ambassador Cleo A. Noel, deputy George Curtis Moore and Belgian charge d’affaires Guy Eid.
  • 1973 – Trevor Sinclair was born. English footballer.
  • 1973 – Dejan Bodiroga was born. Serbian basketball player.
  • 1973 – Cleo A. Noel, Jr. dies (b. 1918). US Chief of Mission to Sudan.
  • 1974 – 16th Grammy Awards: Killing Me Softly & Bette Midler win. Stevie Wonder got five Grammy Awards for his album, “Innervisions” and his hit songs, “You Are The Sunshine of My Life” and “Superstition”.
  • 1974 – The worldwide hit single Seasons in the Sun first hits #1 on the U.S. Billboard charts.
  • 1974 – Grand jury concludes President Nixon is involved in Watergate cover-up.
  • 1974 – Monika Niederstätter was born. Italian athlete.
  • 1974 – Hayley Lewis was born. Australian swimmer.
  • 1974 – Salvador Puig Antich dies (b. 1948). Spanish anarchist.
  • 1975 – Josiah Mwangi Kariuki dies (b. 1929). Kenyan politician.
  • 1976 – Casey was born. Rock musician (Jimmie’s Chicken Shack).
  • 1976 – Glenn Rubenstein was born. American writer and journalist.
  • 1977 – Bette Davis is 1st woman to receive Life Achievement Award.
  • 1977 – Los líderes comunistas europeos se reúnen en Madrid.
  • 1977 – Andrew Strauss was born. English cricket player.
  • 1977 – Chris Martin was born. British musician (Coldplay).
  • 1977 – Dominique Canty was born. American basketball player.
  • 1977 – Heather McComb was born. American actress.
  • 1977 – Jay Gibbons was born. American baseball player.
  • 1978 – Czech Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space, when he is launched aboard Soyuz 28.
  • 1978 – Claudio Sanchez was born. American musician (Coheed and Cambria).
  • 1978 – Giannis Skopelitis was born. Greek footballer.
  • 1978 – Edward Griffith Begle dies (b. 27 Nov 1914). American mathematician, a topologist, who was a leader in the development of “new math” after the launch of the Sputnik satellite by the Soviet Union in 1957 raised concerns about the adequacy of science and mathematics education in American schools.
  • 1978 – João Cabral do Nascimento dies in Lisbon (b. 22 Mar. 1897). Portuguese poet.
  • 1979 – Amanda Ireton was born. Cast member of MTV’s A Shot at Love with Tila Tequila
  • 1979 – Damien Duff was born. Irish footballer.
  • 1979 – Nicky Weaver was born. English footballer.
  • 1979 – Sergei Davydov was born. Belarusian figure skater.
  • 1979 – Christy Ring dies (b. 1920). Irish hurler.
  • 1980 – Édson Nobre was born. Angolan footballer.
  • 1980 – Karl Dominik was born. China based foreign actor.
  • 1980 – Lance Cade was born. American professional wrestler.
  • 1981 – Bryce Dallas Howard was born. American actress.
  • 1982 – Kevin Kurányi was born. German footballer.
  • 1982 – Henrik Lundqvist was born. Swedish hockey player.
  • 1982 – Ben Roethlisberger was born. American football player.
  • 1982 – Corey Webster was born. American football player.
  • 1982 – Philip K. Dick dies (b. 1928). Science fiction writer.
  • 1983 – Glen Perkins was born. American baseball player.
  • 1983 – Jay McClement was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
  • 1983 – Lisandro Lopez was born. Argentinian footballer (FC Porto).
  • 1984 – Elizabeth Jagger was born. English model and actress.
  • 1985 – El Presidente de Pakistán, Mohamed Zia Ulk Haq, anuncia el restablecimiento de la Constitución, derogada tras un golpe de estado.
  • 1985 – TV anime series Mobile Suit Z Gundum broadcasts its first episode in Japan.
  • 1985 – Robert Iler was born. American actor.
  • 1985 – Reggie Bush was born. American football player.
  • 1985 – Luke Pritchard was born. British singer (The Kooks).
  • 1986 – The British Queen signs a proclamation giving Australia legal independence.
  • 1986 – Corazon Aquino was sworn into office as president of the Philipines. Her first public declaration was to restore the civil rights of the citizens of her country.
  • 1987 – Chrysler acquires American Motors.
  • 1987 – Randolph Scott dies (b. 1898). American actor and director.
  • 1988 – 30th Grammy Awards : Graceland, Joshua Tree, Jody Watley win. Best Pop Vocal Performance Female was Whitney Houston and Male was Sting.
  • 1988 – Markéta Irglová was born. Czech songwriter and actress.
  • 1988 – Matthew Mitcham was born. Australian diver.
  • 1988 – Nadine Samonte was born. Filipino actress.
  • 1988 – Keith Jack was born. British singer and actor.
  • 1988 – Bruno Pereirinha was born. Portuguese footballer (Sporting C. P.).
  • 1989 – Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.
  • 1989 – Liam Hogan was born. Comedian.
  • 1989 – Will Makar was born. American singer.
  • 1990 – Nelson Mandela elected deputy President of the African National Congress.
  • 1991 – Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings end to the 1991 Gulf War.
  • 1991 – Serge Gainsbourg dies (b. 1928). French singer, composer and actor.
  • 1992 – Uzbekistan joins the United Nations.
  • 1992 – Moldova joins the UN.
  • 1992 – Sandy Dennis dies in Westport, Connecticut at age 54. Actress .
  • 1992 – The U.N. General Assembly welcomed eight former Soviet republics and San Marino as its newest members.
  • 1994 – Sofía de Grecia Reina de España recibe el Premio Wiesenthal de Derechos Humanos por su compromiso continuo en favor de la tolerancia y de la lucha contra el antisemitismo y el racismo.
  • 1994 – Anita Morris dies (b. 1943). American actress.
  • 1995 – Nick Leeson is arrested for his role in the collapse of Barings Bank.
  • 1995 – Yahoo! is incorporated, establishing the Internet Portal as a model.
  • 1995 – Ferry boat sinks off Sumbe Angola, 42+ killed.
  • 1996 – John Howard is appointed as Prime Minister of Australia.
  • 1996 – Establishment of Ranabima Royal College, Kandy, Sri Lanka.
  • 1996 – All members of Brazilian rock band Mamonas Assassinas die in a plane crash near São Paulo / Falecem, num acidente aéreo, os integrantes do conjunto musical “Mamonas Assassinas”.
  • 1996 – Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic is reelected president of the Socialist Party of Serbia by 1795 out of 1799 party delegates. Milosevic’s government continues to hinder opposition parties, which nevertheless gain increasing support.
  • 1996 – Jacobo Majluta dies at 61. President of Dominican Republic (1982).
  • 1997 – Saudi Arab billionaire Prince al-Waleed bin Talal aquires 5% of Apple Computer
  • 1997 – Nick Faldo wins Nissan Golf Open.
  • 1997 – Carson Mark dies (b. 6 Jul 1913). Canadian-born American scientist who, as head of the theoretical division at the Los Alamos (N.M.) Scientific Laboratory, was instrumental in the development of the hydrogen bomb.
  • 1997 – Bloodshed dies (b. 1975). American rapper.
  • 1998 – US Justice Department files antitrust brief against Microsoft The Justice Department declared an antitrust war on Microsoft on this day in 1998. The department filed a court brief alleging that Microsoft’s Windows 95 licensing requirements violated the terms of a 1995 settlement and that its practice of bundling its Web browser with Windows 95 stifled competition.
  • 1998 – Data sent from the Galileo spaceprobe indicates that Jupiter‘s moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.
  • 1998 – El presidente del Gobierno central de Nicaragua, Arnold Alemán, alcanza una victoria muy ajustada en las elecciones parlamentarias regionales, que tuvieron una abstención del 50%.
  • 1999 – David Ackles dies (b. 1937). American singer and songwriter.
  • 1999 – Dusty Springfield dies (b. 1939). English singer (“You Don’t Have to Say You Love Me”, “Wishin’ and Hopin’”, “The Look of Love”, “Son of a Preacher Man”).
  • 2000 – O ex-ditador chileno, General Augusto Pinochet deixa a Grã-Bretanha e volta ao seu país, horas após ter sido declarado mentalmente incapaz de ser julgado por abuso aos direitos humanos.
  • 2001 – John Diamond dies (b. 1953). British journalist.
  • 2001 – The Taliban began the destruction of ancient Budha statues in Afghanistan.
  • 2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins, ending on March 19) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters, with 11 allied troop fatalities.
  • 2003 – The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University.
  • 2003 – Hank Ballard dies (b. 1927). American singer, composer .
  • 2003 – Malcolm Williamson dies (b. 1931). Australian composer.
  • 2004 – Voters in the U.S. state of Georgia vote on a referendum concerning its Confederacy-derived flag.
  • 2004 – Disgruntled by the state’s education act (Act 60), residents of Killington, Vermont vote to become part of New Hampshire.
  • 2004 – War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.
  • 2004 – War in Iraq: A United Nations report from the weapons inspection teams states that Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction of any significance after 1994, despite US President George W. Bush‘s and Prime Minister Blair’s objection to the contrary before the invasion.
  • 2004 – Cormac McAnallen dies (b. 1980). Northern Irish Gaelic footballer.
  • 2004 – Mercedes McCambridge dies (b. 1918). Actress (b. 1918), Oscar winner for All the King’s Men; later became the raspy voice of demon-possessed girl in The Exorcist.
  • 2004 – Marge Schott dies (b. 1928). Former owner of the Cincinnati Reds.
  • 2005 – Randy Moss gets traded from the Minnesota Vikings to the Oakland Raiders.
  • 2005 – The number of U.S. military deaths in Iraq reached 1,500.
  • 2005 – The woman who accused NBA star Kobe Bryant of rape settled her lawsuit against him, ending the case.
  • 2005 – Rick Mahler dies (b. 1953). American baseball player.
  • 2005 – Martin Denny dies (b. 1911). American musician.
  • 2006 – Sir Menzies Campbell is elected the new leader of the United Kingdom Liberal Democrats.
  • 2006 – Milton Katims dies (b. 1909). American violist and conductor.
  • 2006 – Jack Wild dies (b. 1952). British actor.
  • 2007 – Ivan Safronov dies (b. 1956). Russian journalist.
  • 2007 – Clem Labine dies (b. 1926). American baseball player.
  • 2007 – Thomas S. Kleppe dies (b. 1919). U.S. politician.
  • 2007 – Henri Troyat dies (b. 1911). French writer, dean of the Académie française.
  • 2008 – Riots in Yerevan, Armenia concerning the Armenian presidential election, 2008 come to a fatal end, with police forces clashing with civilians in their peaceful protest, resulting in 8 deaths.
  • 2008 – Jeff Healey dies (b. 1966). Canadian musician.
  • Bahá’í Faith – Feast of ‘Alá (Loftiness) – First day of the 19th month of the Bahá’í calendar.
  • Texas Independence Day (1836).
  • Brazil – Tourism Nacional Day.
  • Angola: Women’s Day.
 

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