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On this day in History – Apr. 20 Abril 19, 2008

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:57 pm
 

On this day in History – Apr. 20

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:57 pm
 

What colour are you?

Filed under: Quiz — looking4good @ 11:34 pm

I’m yellow. I did the quiz and I got this:

YELLOW

You are very perceptive and smart. You are clear and to the point and have a great sense of humor. You are always learning and searching for understanding.

Find out your color at QuizMeme.com!

 

What colour are you?

Filed under: Quiz — looking4good @ 11:34 pm

I’m yellow. I did the quiz and I got this:

YELLOW

You are very perceptive and smart. You are clear and to the point and have a great sense of humor. You are always learning and searching for understanding.

Find out your color at QuizMeme.com!

 

Babies of animal and Human being

Filed under: Life,Nature,peace,Rights — looking4good @ 9:11 pm

Evolution to army, crisis and globalization of “Pax Americana?”

 

Happy birthday Maria Sharapova

Filed under: celebrities,Maria Sharapova — looking4good @ 1:35 pm

Maria Sharapova

 

Happy birthday Maria Sharapova

Filed under: celebrities,Maria Sharapova — looking4good @ 1:35 pm

Maria Sharapova picture

 

Desencanto – Manuel Bandeira

Filed under: Manuel Bandeira,poesia — looking4good @ 12:12 pm

Eu faço versos como quem chora
De desalento… de desencanto…
Fecha o meu livro, se por agora
Não tens motivo nenhum de pranto.

Meu verso é sangue. Volúpia ardente…
Tristeza esparsa… remorso vão…
Dói-me nas veias. Amargo e quente,
Cai, gota a gota, do coração.

E nestes versos de angústia rouca,
Assim dos lábios a vida corre,
Deixando um acre sabor na boca.

– Eu faço versos como quem morre.

Manuel Carneiro de Souza Bandeira Filho (n. no Recife no dia 19 de Abr. de 1886; m. a 13 de Out. de 1968, no Hospital Samaritano, em Botafogo).

Ler do mesmo autor neste blog: A Onda

 

On this day in History – Apr. 19

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 10:14 am
  • 1012 – Martyrdom of St Alphege (b. 0954), Archbishop of Canterbury, in Greenwich, London.
  • 1054 – Pope Leo IX dies (b. 1002). Pope (1049-54).
  • 1320 – King Peter I of Portugal [1357-67] was born (d. 1367).
  • 1390 – King Robert II of Scotland dies (b. 1316) .
  • 1452 – King Ferdinand II of Aragon was born (d. 1504).
  • 1472 – León Battista Alberti dies. Architect and humanist.
  • 1506 – Jewish Lisbon massacre in Portugal. / Massacre de judeus em Lisboa, morrem cerca de 3000 pessoas.
  • 1524 – Pope Clemens VII fires Netherlands inquisitor-general French Van de Holly
  • 1529 – At the Diet of Speyer a group of rulers (German: Fürst) and independent cities (German: Reichsstadt) protests the reinstatement of the Edict of Worms, beginning the Protestant movement.
  • 1539 – The Treaty of Frankfurt is signed.
  • 1560 – Philipp Melanchthon dies (b. 16 Feb 1497). Theologist and humanist, collaborator and friend of Luther.
  • 1567 – Michael Stifel dies (b. 1487). German mathematician.
  • 1578 – Uesugi Kenshin dies (b. 1530). Japanese samurai and warlord.
  • 1587 – Sir Francis Drake sinks the Spanish fleet in Cadiz Harbor.
  • 1588 – Paolo Veronese dies (b. 1528). Italian painter.
  • 1603 – Michel le Tellier was born (d. 1685). French statesman.
  • 1608 – Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset dies (b. 1536). English statesman and poet.
  • 1618 – Thomas Bastard dies (b. 1565 or 1566). Clergyman and epigrammatist.
  • 1627 – John Beaumont dies (b. 1583). English poet.
  • 1629 – Sigismondo d’India dies. Italian composer.
  • 1632 – Sigismund dies (b. 1561). King of Sweden and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1648 – Primeira batalha dos Guararapes, no Brasil, em que o exército português comandado por Francisco Barreto vence os holandeses.
  • 1658 – Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine was born (d. 1716)
  • 1665 – Jacques Lelong was born (d. 1721). French bibliographer.
  • 1686 – Vasily Tatishchev was born (d. 1750). Russian statesman.
  • 1686 – Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra dies (b. 1610). Spanish writer.
  • 1689 – Queen Christina of Sweden dies (b. 1626).
  • 1692 – Bridget Bishop goes on trial in Salem, Massachusetts for witchcraft.
  • 1713 – With no living male heirs, Emperor Charles VI issues the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 to ensure that Habsburg lands and the Austrian throne would be inherited by his daughter, Maria Theresa (not actually born until 1717).
  • 1721 – Jacques Lelong was born (d. 1665). French bibliographer.
  • 1721 – Roger Sherman was born (d. 1793). Signer of the Declaration of Independence.
  • 1721 – Thomas McKean was born (d. 1817). Signer of the Declaration of Independence.
  • 1733 – Elizabeth Villiers dies. Mistress of William III of England
  • 1739 – Nicholas Saunderson dies (b. 1682/3). English mathematician.
  • 1751 – Peter Lacy dies (b. 1678). Irish-born Russian Field marshal.
  • 1753 – Caspar Johann Schneider was born (d. 24 Feb 1839). German artist.
  • 1768 – Canaletto dies (b. 1697). Italian artist.
  • 1770 – Captain James Cook first spots Australia.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Lexington and ConcordBritish General Thomas Gage attempts to confiscate American colonists‘s firearms. The British are driven back to Boston, Massachusetts, thus beginning the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1782 – John Adams secured the Dutch Republic‘s recognition of the United States as an independent government and the house that he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became the first American embassy.
  • 1785 – Alexandre Pierre François Boëly was born (d. 1858). French composer.
  • 1790 – Nicolas-Jacques Juliard dies (b. 1715). French artist.
  • 1791 – Richard Price dies (b. 1723). Welsh philosopher.
  • 1793 – Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria was born (d. 1875).
  • 1795 – Jean Charles Joseph Rémond was born (d. 15 Jul 1875). French artist.
  • 1801 – Gustav Theodor Fechner was born (d. 18 Nov 1887). German physicist and philosopher who was a key figure in the founding of psychophysics, the science concerned with quantitative relations between sensations and the stimuli producing them .
  • 1809 – The army of Austria attacks and is defeated by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn, part of the struggles of the Fifth Coalition.
  • 1810 – Venezuela achieves home rule: Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • 1813 – Benjamin Rush dies (b. 1745). Physician, activist.
  • 1813 – Samuel Gregory was born (d. 23 Mar 1872). American pioneer in the medical education of women who founded the Boston Female Medical School (1848), first medical school in the world exclusively for women, because he disapproved of male doctors attending childbirth.
  • 1813 – Benjamin Rush dies (b. 1745). Physician, activist.
  • 1814 – Louis Amédée Achard was born (d. 1875). French novelist.
  • 1822 – Comienza a funcionar en Buenos Aires la Facultad de Medicina.
  • 1824 – George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron [ Lord Byron] dies (b. 1788). Author, poet.
  • 1831 – Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger dies (b. 1765). German mathematician.
  • 1832 – José Echegaray y Eizaguirre was born in Madrid (d. 14 Sep 1916). Spanish engineer, author and politician Nobel Prize in Literature -1904
  • 1837 – Anatacio Bustamante assume (pela 2º vez) a presidência do México
  • 1839 – The Treaty of London establishes Belgium as a kingdom and Luxembourg a Grand Duchy.
  • 1840 – Jean-Jacques Lartigue dies (b. 1777). Roman catholic bishop of Montreal.
  • 1849 – Eva Gonzalès, Mme Henri Guérard, was born (d. 05 may 1883). French Impressionist painter.
  • 1851 – James Fenimore Cooper dies (b. 15 Sep 1789). American writer. (The Pioneers, 1823; The Last of the Mohicans, 1826…).
  • 1854 – Robert Jameson dies (b. 1774). Scottish naturalist.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: A pro-Secession mob in Baltimore, Maryland attacks United States Army troops marching through the city.
  • 1865 – Charles C. Wood dies (b. 25 Apr 1792). British-born painter who emigrated to the US (1817) and then to Chile (1820). Diseñó el primer Escudo Nacional de Chile, adoptado en 1832.
  • 1867 – Roberto Payró was born in Mercedes, Buenos Aires. Argentinian journalist and writer.
  • 1868 – Paul (Percy) Harris was born em Racine-USA, Founder of Rotary International .
  • 1869 – Józef Mehoffer was born (d. 08 Jul 1946). Polish painter, printmaker, and decorative artist.
  • 1870 – Andreas Schelfout dies (b. 16 Feb 1787). The Hague Dutch painter and watercolorist.
  • 1874 – Ernst Rüdin was born (d. 1952). Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist.
  • 1877 – Ole Evinrude was born (d. 1934). Norwegian-American inventor.
  • 1880 – Albert Wallace Hull was born (d. 22 Jan 1966). American physicist who independently discovered the powder method of X-ray analysis of crystals (1917), which permits the study of crystalline materials in a finely divided microcrystalline, or powder, state. He also invented the magnetron (1921) and the thyratron (1927).
  • 1882 – Charles Darwin dies (b. 1809). English biologist and author.
  • 1882 – Getúlio Vargas was born (d. 1954). Brazilian politician and 20th, 21st, 22nd e 25th President of Brazil (13 Nov 1930- 29 Oct 1945 and 31 Jan 1951- 24 Aug 1954).
  • 1883 – Richard von Mises was born (d. 14 Jul 1953). Austrian-American mathematician and aerodynamicist who notably advanced statistics and the theory of probability. Von Mises’ contributions range widely, also including fluid mechanics, aerodynamics, and aeronautics.
  • 1886 – Manuel Bandeira was born in Recife. Brazilian poet. / Nascimento no Recife, de Manuel Bandeira (Manuel Carneiro de Souza Bandeira Filho), professor, poeta, cronista, crítico, historiador literário e membro da Academia Brasileira de Letras.
  • 1889 – Otto Georg Thierack was born (d. 1946). German jurist and politician.
  • 1891 – Riccardo Bacchelli was born in Bologna, Italy (d. 8 oct 1985) . Italien writer.
  • 1892 – Germaine Tailleferre was born (d. 1983). French composer.
  • 1892 – Charles Duryea claims to have driven the first automobile in the United States, in Springfield, Massachusetts.
  • 1892 – Herbert Wilcox was born. English film director and producer.
  • 1892 – Fr. Thomas Dale dies (b. 1821). Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s.
  • 1896 – Niklaus Stöcklin was born (d. 1982). Swiss artist.
  • 1897 – Constance Talmadge was born (d. 1973). American actress.
  • 1897 – Peter de Noronha was born (d. 1970). Indian businessman and philanthropist.
  • 1897 – 1st American marathon ran (Boston), John J McDermott wins in 2:55:10
  • 1898 – 2nd Boston Marathon won by Ron McDonald of Mass in 2:42:00
  • 1899 – Duarte Pacheco was born (d. 1943). Portuguese engineer and statesman.
  • 1899 – 3rd Boston Marathon won by Lawrence Brignolia of Mass in 2:54:38
  • 1899 – George O’Brien was born (d. 1985). American actor.
  • 1900 – 4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4
  • 1900 – Richard Hughes was born (d. 1976). English novelist.
  • 1900 – Roland Michener was born (d. 1991). Governor General of Canada.
  • 1901 – 5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6
  • 1902 – 6th Boston Marathon won by Sam Mellor of New York in 2:43:12
  • 1903 – Eliot Ness was born (d. 1957). American lawman, FBI agent-Chicago who put Al Capone behind bars.
  • 1903 – Francisco Manuel de Melo Breyner dies (b. 1837). 4th Conde de Ficalho, Portuguese historian botanist and author.
  • 1904 – Richard Pough was born (d. 24 Jun 2003). American ecologist who was founding president of the Nature Conservancy (1950), one of the nation’s largest environmental organizations.
  • 1904 – Much of Toronto, Ontario, Canada is destroyed by fire.
  • 1904 – 8th Boston Marathon won by Michael Spring of New York in 2:38:04.4
  • 1905 – 9th Boston Marathon won by Fred Lorz of New York in 2:38:25.4
  • 1906 – 10th Boston Marathon won by Tim Ford of Mass in 2:45:45 .
  • 1906 – Pierre Curie dies (b. 1859). French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate.
  • 1906 – Spencer Gore dies (b. 1850). British tennis player and cricketer.
  • 1907 – 11th Boston Marathon won by Tom Longboat of Canada in 2:24:24
  • 1909 – Joan of Arc receives beatification.
  • 1909 – 13th Boston Marathon won by Henri Renaud of NH in 2:53:36.8
  • 1910 – 14th Boston Marathon won by Fred Cameron of Canada in 2:28:52.4
  • 1911 – As universidades de Coimbra, Lisboa e Porto passam a gozar de autonomia económica e científica.
  • 1911 – 15th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:21:39.6
  • 1912 – Glenn Seaborg was born (d. 25 Feb 1999). American nuclear chemist. Seaborg and his early collaborator Edwin McMillan shared the 1951 Nobel Prize for chemistry. Seaborg was chairman of the US Atomic Energy Commission 1962-71. Element 106, seaborgium (1974), was named in his honour.
  • 1912 – 16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of New York in 2:21:18.2
  • 1912 – Glenn Seaborg was born (d. 1999) American chemist and Nobel Prize winner.
  • 1913 – 17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson of Minnesota in 2:25:14.8
  • 1914 – Charles Sanders Peirce dies (b. 1839). American philosopher and mathematician
  • 1915 – 19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2
  • 1916 – 20th Boston Marathon won by Arthur Roth of Mass in 2:27:16.4
  • 1916 – Ephraim Shay dies (b. 1839). American inventor.
  • 1917 – 21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of New York in 2:28:37.2
  • 1919 – Leslie Irvin of the United States makes the first successful parachute jump and free fall
  • 1919 – 23rd Boston Marathon won by Carl Linder of Mass in 2:29:13.4
  • 1919 – Merce Cunningham was born. American dancer and choreographher
  • 1920 – 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31
  • 1921 – 25th Boston Marathon won by Frank Zuna of New Jersey in 2:18:57.6
  • 1922 – Sacadura Cabral e Gago Coutinho concretizam a sua travessia do Atlântico sul ao chegarem ao Rochedo de São Pedro.
  • 1922 – 26th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:18:10
  • 1922 – Erich Hartmann was born (d. 1993). German pilot.
  • 1923 – 27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:23:37.4
  • 1923 – Lygia Fagundes Telles was born. Brazilian writer, 2005 Camões Prize laureate.
  • 1924 – 28th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:29:40.2
  • 1925 – Club Social y Deportivo Colo Colo is founded in Santiago de Chile
  • 1925 – Hugh O’Brian was born. American actor.
  • 1926 – 30th Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:25:40.4
  • 1926 – Alexander Alexandrovich Chuprov dies (b. 1874). Russian statistician.
  • 1927 – Mae West is sentenced to 10 days in jail for obscenity for her play Sex.
  • 1927 – 31st Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:40:22.2
  • 1928 – The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
  • 1928 – 32nd Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:37:07.8
  • 1928 – Alexis Korner was born (d. 1984). English musician.
  • 1929 – 33rd Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:33:08.6
  • 1930 – 34th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:34:48.2
  • 1930 – Dick Sargent was born (d. 1994). American actor.
  • 1930 – Armando Bógus was born in São Paulo (d. 2 May 1993). Brazilian actor.
  • 1930 – Georges-Casimir Dessaulles dies (b. 1837). Canadian senator.
  • 1931 – Garfield Morgan was born. English actor.
  • 1931 – Walter Stewart was born (d. 2004). Canadian journalist.
  • 1932 – Fernando Botero was born in Medellín, Colombia. Colombian sculptor and painter. Colombian painter, draftsman, and sculptor, with a preference for grossly overweight women, Mujer delante de un espejo
  • 1932 – Nasce na Covilhã o poeta e ensaísta português E. M. de Melo e Castro (Ernesto Manuel Geraldes de Melo e Castro).
  • 1932 – 36th Boston Marathon won by Paul de Bruyn of Germany in 2:33:36.4
  • 1933 – President Franklin Delano Roosevelt announces that the United States will be leaving the gold standard.
  • 1933 – 37th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:31:01.6
  • 1933 – FDR announces that the US will leave the gold standard .
  • 1933 – Dickie Bird was born. English cricket umpire.
  • 1933 – Jayne Mansfield was born (d. 1967). American actress.
  • 1934 – Shirley Temple debuts in Stand Up and Cheer.
  • 1934 – O Monstro do Loch Ness é fotografado, naquilo a que viria ser descoberto como um embuste em 1994.
  • 1934 – 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8
  • 1934 – Dickie Goodman was born (d. 1989). American producer of novelty songs.
  • 1935 – 39th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:32:07.4.
  • 1935 – Dudley Moore was born (d. 2002). English actor, musician, comedian, composer.
  • 1936 – First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine.
  • 1936 – Wilfried Martens was born. Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1937 – 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20.
  • 1937 – Elinor Donahue was born. American actress
  • 1937 – Joseph Estrada was born. Actor and President of the Philippines
  • 1937 – William Martin Conway dies (b. 1856). British art critic and mountaineer.
  • 1938 – RCANBC begins regular television broadcasts.
  • 1938 – 42nd Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:35:34.8
  • 1939 – 43rd Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of RI in 2:28:51.8
  • 1939 – Rudolf Wacker dies (b. 25 Feb 1893). Austrian artist.
  • 1940 – 44th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:28.6
  • 1940 – Genya Ravan was born. American vocalist (Goldie & the Gingerbreads, Ten Wheel Drive)
  • 1941 – 45th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:30:38
  • 1941 – Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia.
  • 1941 – Roberto Carlos was born. Brazilian singer.
  • 1941 – Alan Price was born. English musician (The Animals), (The Alan Price Set)
  • 1941 – Bobby Russell was born (d. 1992). American songwriter.
  • 1942 – World War II: In Poland, the Majdan-Tatarski ghetto is established, situated between the Lublin ghetto and a Majdanek subcamp.
  • 1942 – 46th Boston Marathon won by Joe Smith of Mass in 2:26:51.2
  • 1942 – Bas Jan Ader was born. Dutch artist (disappeared 1975).
  • 1942 – Jack Roush was born. American founder of Roush Fenway Racing
  • 1942 – Frank Elstner was born. Television producer
  • 1943 – World War II: German troops enter the Warsaw ghetto to round up the remaining Jews, starting the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
  • 1943 – Bicycle Day –Bicycle Day – Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
  • 1943 – 47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8
  • 1943 – Eve Graham was born. Scottish singer (The New Seekers).
  • 1944 – James Heckman was born. American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize
  • 1944 – Bernie Worrell was born. American keyboardist (P Funk)
  • 1945 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala were established.
  • 1945 – 49th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:30:40.2
  • 1946 – Tim Curry was born. British actor .
  • 1947 – 51st Boston Marathon won by Yun Bok Soh of Korea in 2:25:39.
  • 1947 – Murray Perahia was born. American pianist
  • 1947 – Mark Volman was born. American musician (The Turtles)
  • 1948 – Chiang Kai-shek elected president of Nationalist China
  • 1948 – 52nd Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:02.
  • 1948 – Rick Miller was born. American baseball player.
  • 1949 – Larry Walters, floated 16,000 feet into the air on a lawn chair attached to helium-filled balloons (d. 1993)
  • 1949 – 53rd Boston Marathon won by Gosta Leandersson of Sweden in 2:31:50.8
  • 1949 – Paloma Picasso was born. French/Spanish jewelry designer, fashion designer and businesswoman; daughter of artist Pablo Picasso
  • 1949 – Larry Walters was born. American “lawn chair” pilot.
  • 1949 – Ulrich Salchow dies (b. 1877). Swedish figure skater.
  • 1950 – 54th Boston Marathon won by Kee Yong Ham of Korea in 2:32:39.
  • 1950 – Argentina becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1950 – Ernst Robert Curtius dies (b. 1886). Alsatian philologist.
  • 1951 – 55th Boston Marathon won by Shigeki Tanaka, who survived the atomic blast at Hiroshima, Japan in World War II, in 2:27:45
  • 1951 – General Douglas MacArthur retires from the military.
  • 1951 – Barry Brown was born (d. 1978). American actor and writer.
  • 1951 – Jóannes Eidesgaard was born. Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands
  • 1952 – 56th Boston Marathon won by Doroteo Flores of Guatemala in 2:31:53
  • 1952 – Alexis Arguello was born. Nicaraguan boxer.
  • 1953 – Sara Simeoni was born. Italian high jumper, 1980 Olympics gold
  • 1953 – Ruby Wax was born. British television personality.
  • 1953 – Rod Morgenstein was born. American musician (Winger)
  • 1954 – 58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39
  • 1954 – 7-time winner of Boston Marathon, 65-year-old Clarence Demar, runs his last race at Boston.
  • 1954 – Bob Rock was born. Canadian record producer & musician (The Payolas)
  • 1955 – The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • 1955 – Kalinka’s webmaster was born. Let’s give her the congratulations.
  • 1955 – 59th Boston Marathon won by Hideo Hamamura of Japan in 2:18:22
  • 1955 – Mark Taylor was born. American author of Computerized Shipping Systems
  • 1956 – Actress Grace Kelly marries Rainier III of Monaco.
  • 1956 – 60th Boston Marathon won by Antti Viskari of Finland in 2:14:14
  • 1956 – Ernst R Curtius dies at 70. German literature historian.
  • 1957 – Mukesh Ambani was born. Indian Business Tycoon.
  • 1958 – Robert Bentley dies. Humorist, actor .
  • 1958 – 62nd Boston Marathon won by Franjo Mihalic of Yugoslavia in 2:25:54
  • 1960 – The students in South Korea hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against their president Syngman Rhee, eventually forcing him to resign.
  • 1960 – 64th Boston Marathon won by Paavo Kotila of Finland in 2:20:54
  • 1960 – Frank Viola was born. Baseball player
  • 1960 – John Schweitz was born. American basketball player and coach
  • 1960 – Roger Merrett was born. Australian footballer
  • 1961 – 65th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:39
  • 1961 – The Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba ends in failure.
  • 1962 – 66th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:48
  • 1962 – Al Unser, Jr. was born. American race car driver, two-time Indianapolis 500 winner.
  • 1963 – 67th Boston Marathon won by Aurele Vandendriessche of Belg in 2:18:58
  • 1963 – Valerie Plame Wilson was born. Former C.I.A. agent.
  • 1964 – Paolo Martinotti , genio incompreso, estroso personaggio.
  • 1965 – Suge Knight was born. American record producer.
  • 1965 – Natalie Dessay was born. French soprano.
  • 1966 – 70th Boston Marathon won by Kenji Kimihara of Japan in 2:17:11
  • 1966 – Roberta Bignay becomes 1st woman to run in the Boston Marathon
  • 1966 – Véronique Gens was born. French soprano
  • 1966 – Osamu Matsuda was born. Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Julia Neigel was born. German singer and songwriter
  • 1966 – Albert Servaes dies (b. 04 Apr 1883). Belgian painter, who is considered as the first Flemish Expressionist and the link between the First and the Second School of St. Martens Latem.
  • 1967 – 71st Boston Marathon won by Dave McKenzie of New Zealand in 2:15:45
  • 1967 – Steven H Silver was born. American science fiction editor.
  • 1967 – Dar Williams was born. American musician and songwriter.
  • 1967 – Konrad Adenauer dies (b. 1895). German politician.
  • 1968 – Ashley Judd was born. Actress.
  • 1968 – Craig McNeil was born. American writer, lawyer, and military officer
  • 1968 – Mswati III was born. King of Swaziland
  • 1968 – Pascal Kleiman was born. Spanish DJ, producer, musician
  • 1969 – Jesse James was born. Television personality, Custom motorcycle builder
  • 1969 – Susan Polgar was born. Hungarian-born American chess player
  • 1970 – En Colombia se celebran comicios electorales que ante un supuesto fraude, dan origen al Movimiento 19 de Abril.
  • 1970 – Kelly Holmes was born. Olympian, double gold medalist.
  • 1970 – Luis Miguel was born in Vera Cruz. Mexican pop-singer.
  • 1971 – Charles Manson is sentenced to life in prison for the Sharon Tate murders.
  • 1971 – 75th Boston Marathon won by Alvaro Mejia of Colombia in 2:18:45
  • 1971 – Launch of Salyut 1, first human-made space station.
  • 1971 – Sierra Leone becomes a republic, and Siaka Stevens the president.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: Vietnam Veterans Against the War begin a five-day demonstration in Washington, DC.
  • 1972 – Bangladesh becomes a member of British Commonwealth.
  • 1972 – Hungary revises constitution.
  • 1972 – Rivaldo was born. Brazilien football player.
  • 1973 – Hans Kelsen dies. AustrianAmerican legal theorist.
  • 1973 – Em Bona foi fundado o Partido Socialista em Portugal.
  • 1974 – Akara Amarttayakul was born. Thai actor
  • 1974 – Ayub Khan dies (b. 1907). Former President of Pakistan.
  • 1975 – India‘s first satellite Aryabhata is launched.
  • 1975 – Percy L. Julian dies (b. 1899). Chemist.
  • 1975 – Nazarena Almada was born. Miss Argentina Universe 1997.
  • 1975 – Jason Gillespie was born. Australian cricketer
  • 1975 – Jussi Jääskeläinen was born. Finnish footballer
  • 1976 – United States Executive Order 9066 is rescinded.
  • 1976 – Ruud Jolie was born. Dutch guitarist (Within Temptation)
  • 1976 – Scott Padgett was born. American basketball player
  • 1976 – Vanessa Guzman was born. Miss Universe-Mexico 1996.
  • 1976 – José Raquel Mercado dies assassinated. Colombian sindicalist leader (Presidente de la Confederación de Trabajadores de Colombia).
  • 1976 – 5th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Kim Merritt of Wis in 2:47:10
  • 1976 – 80th Boston Marathon won by Jack Fultz of Wash, DC in 2:20:19
  • 1977 – Joe Beimel was born. American baseball player
  • 1977 – Lucien Mettomo was born. Cameroonian footballer
  • 1977 – Dennys Reyes was born. Mexican baseball player
  • 1978 – Lagumot Harris is elected President of Nauru.
  • 1978 – Yitzhak Navron is elected President of Israel.
  • 1978 – Amanda Sage was born. American born visionary artist.
  • 1978 – James Franco was born. American actor
  • 1978 – Gabriel Heinze was born. Argentinian footballer
  • 1979 – Kate Hudson was born in Los Angeles, California, USA. Actress.
  • 1980 – In The Hague, Netherlands, Johnny Logan wins the twenty-fifth Eurovision Song Contest for Ireland singing “What’s Another Year”.
  • 1980 – Alexis Thorpe was born. American actress.-
  • 1981 – Catalina Sandino Moreno was born in Bogota, Colombia. Atress. Maria Full of Grace -2004; Nominee: Best Actress in a Leading Role 77th Academy Awards -The winner was Hilary Swank) .
  • 1981 – Hayden Christensen was born. Canadian actor
  • 1981 – Martin Havlat was born. Czech hockey player
  • 1981 – Kasie Head was born. American actress and model
  • 1981 – Troy Polamalu was born. American football player
  • 1982 – 11th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Charlotte Teske of Ger in 2:29:33
  • 1982 – Belarmino Fragoso dies. portuguese boxeur.
  • 1982 – 86th Boston Marathon won by Alberto Salazar of Oreg in 2:08:51
  • 1983 – Joe Mauer was born. Minnesota Twins All-Star catcher.
  • 1983 – Alberto Callaspo was born. Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1983 – Zack Duke was born. American baseball player
  • 1983 – Joe Mauer was born. American baseball player
  • 1983 – Curtis Thigpen was born. American baseball player
  • 1984 – Lee Da Hae was born. South Korean actress
  • 1985 – Advance Australia Fair is proclaimed as Australia’s national anthem, and green and gold as the national colours.
  • 1985 – U.S.S.R performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalatinsk U.S.S.R.
  • 1985 – Michael Anderson was born. American wrestler.
  • 1986 – Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 1986 – Candace Parker was born. American basketball player
  • 1987 – Oksana Akinshina was born. Russian actress
  • 1987 – Courtland Mead was born. American actor
  • 1987 – Maxwell Taylor dies (b. 1901). General .
  • 1987 – The Simpsons go to air for the first time. The Simpson family first appeared in animated form as shorts on The Tracey Ullman Show, with the first episode, “Good Night“, airing this day.
  • 1987 – Maria Sharapova was born in Nyagan, Russia. Tennis player. She won the 2004 WTA Championships, defeating Serena Williams 4-6, 6-2, 6-4 in the final. See large photo Maria Shaparova
  • 1987 – Joe Hart was born. English footballer
  • 1987 – Oksana Akinshina was born. Russian actress
  • 1987 – Courtland Mead was born. American actor
  • 1988 – Ted Kim was born. Volleyball player .
  • 1988 – Em Portugal, foi legalizado o naturismo.
  • 1988 – Kwon Ki-ok dies (b. 1901). First Korean female pilot.
  • 1989 – Miguel Torga, escritor português, recebe o Prémio Camões
  • 1989 – A gun turret explodes on the USS Iowa, killing 47 sailors.
  • 1989 – Trisha Meili, the “Central Park Jogger” is raped.
  • 1989 – Fiona MacGillivray was born. Canadian vocalist (The Cottars)
  • 1989 – Daphne du Maurier dies (b. 1907). British author (Rebecca, Jamaica Inn).
  • 1990 – Kim Chiu was born. Filipino actress.
  • 1991 – Stanley Hawes was born (d. 1905). British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator.
  • 1992 – Frankie Howerd dies (b. 1917). Comedian, actor.
  • 1993 – The 51-day siege of the Branch Davidian building outside Waco, Texas, USA, ends when a fire breaks out. Eighty-one people die.
  • 1993 – 22nd Boston Women’s Marathon won by Olga Markova of Russia in 2:25:27
  • 1993 – 97th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas N’deti of Kenya in 2:09:33
  • 1993 – David Koresh dies (b. 1959). Leader of Branch Davidians.
  • 1993 – George S. Mickelson dies (b. 1941). American politician.
  • 1996 – Walter D’Ávila dies (b. 1914). Brazilian actor.
  • 1997 – Brooke Shields /Andre Agassi wed.
  • 1997 – Eldon Hoke (aka “El Duce”) dies (b. 1958). American musician.
  • 1998 – Octavio Paz dies (b. 1914). Mexican writer, diplomat and Nobel laureate .
  • 1998 – Rodrigo Pessoa, cavaleiro brasileiro, conquista o título mundial de hipismo, na Finlândia.
  • 1998 – Portugal: Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa ganha o congresso de Tavira do PSD com maioria absoluta.
  • 1999 – The German Parliament returns to Berlin.
  • 1999 – David Sanes dies. US Navy employee.
  • 2000 – An Air Philippines Boeing 737-200 crashes near Davao airport, killing 131.
  • 2000 – Louis Applebaum dies (b. 1918). Canadian conductor and composer.
  • 2004 – XII Sessão da Comissão sobre Desenvolvimento Sustentável das Nações Unidas
  • 2004 – Norris McWhirter dies (b. 1925). Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of cords.
  • 2004 – John Maynard Smith dies (b. 1920). English biologist.
  • 2005 – German Cardinal Josef Ratzinger is elected Pope Benedictus XVI
  • 2005 – Ruth Hussey was born (d. 1911). American actress.
  • 2005 – Bryan Ottoson dies (b. 1978). American musician.
  • 2005 – Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen dies (b. 1946). Danish jazz bassist.
  • 2005 – Blade Icewood dies (b. 1977). American rapper.
  • 2005 – George Pan Cosmatos dies (b. 1941). Greek film director.
  • 2005 – Clement Meadmore dies (b. 1929). Australian sculptor.
  • 2006 – Scott Crossfield dies. American pilot, first man to fly at Mach 2
  • 2006 – Zola Levitt dies (b. 1938). Messianic Jewish preacher.
  • 2007 – Jean-Pierre Cassel dies (b. 1932). French actor.
  • 2007 – Helen Walton dies (b. 1919). Wife of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton.
  • Dia do Exército Brasileiro (Dec. 51.429/62).
  • Declaration of Independence Day (Venezuela) .
  • Republic Day (Sierra Leone).
  • Landing of the 33 (Uruguay).
  • Primrose Day (England) – primroses are placed on the statue of Benjamin Disraeli in Parliament Square, London on the anniversary of his death (1881). Primroses were his favourite flower.
 

On this day in History – Apr. 19

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 10:14 am
  • 1012 – Martyrdom of St Alphege (b. 0954), Archbishop of Canterbury, in Greenwich, London.
  • 1054 – Pope Leo IX dies (b. 1002). Pope (1049-54).
  • 1320 – King Peter I of Portugal [1357-67] was born (d. 1367).
  • 1390 – King Robert II of Scotland dies (b. 1316) .
  • 1452 – King Ferdinand II of Aragon was born (d. 1504).
  • 1472 – León Battista Alberti dies. Architect and humanist.
  • 1506 – Jewish Lisbon massacre in Portugal. / Massacre de judeus em Lisboa, morrem cerca de 3000 pessoas.
  • 1524 – Pope Clemens VII fires Netherlands inquisitor-general French Van de Holly
  • 1529 – At the Diet of Speyer a group of rulers (German: Fürst) and independent cities (German: Reichsstadt) protests the reinstatement of the Edict of Worms, beginning the Protestant movement.
  • 1539 – The Treaty of Frankfurt is signed.
  • 1560 – Philipp Melanchthon dies (b. 16 Feb 1497). Theologist and humanist, collaborator and friend of Luther.
  • 1567 – Michael Stifel dies (b. 1487). German mathematician.
  • 1578 – Uesugi Kenshin dies (b. 1530). Japanese samurai and warlord.
  • 1587 – Sir Francis Drake sinks the Spanish fleet in Cadiz Harbor.
  • 1588 – Paolo Veronese dies (b. 1528). Italian painter.
  • 1603 – Michel le Tellier was born (d. 1685). French statesman.
  • 1608 – Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset dies (b. 1536). English statesman and poet.
  • 1618 – Thomas Bastard dies (b. 1565 or 1566). Clergyman and epigrammatist.
  • 1627 – John Beaumont dies (b. 1583). English poet.
  • 1629 – Sigismondo d’India dies. Italian composer.
  • 1632 – Sigismund dies (b. 1561). King of Sweden and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1648 – Primeira batalha dos Guararapes, no Brasil, em que o exército português comandado por Francisco Barreto vence os holandeses.
  • 1658 – Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine was born (d. 1716)
  • 1665 – Jacques Lelong was born (d. 1721). French bibliographer.
  • 1686 – Vasily Tatishchev was born (d. 1750). Russian statesman.
  • 1686 – Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra dies (b. 1610). Spanish writer.
  • 1689 – Queen Christina of Sweden dies (b. 1626).
  • 1692 – Bridget Bishop goes on trial in Salem, Massachusetts for witchcraft.
  • 1713 – With no living male heirs, Emperor Charles VI issues the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 to ensure that Habsburg lands and the Austrian throne would be inherited by his daughter, Maria Theresa (not actually born until 1717).
  • 1721 – Jacques Lelong was born (d. 1665). French bibliographer.
  • 1721 – Roger Sherman was born (d. 1793). Signer of the Declaration of Independence.
  • 1721 – Thomas McKean was born (d. 1817). Signer of the Declaration of Independence.
  • 1733 – Elizabeth Villiers dies. Mistress of William III of England
  • 1739 – Nicholas Saunderson dies (b. 1682/3). English mathematician.
  • 1751 – Peter Lacy dies (b. 1678). Irish-born Russian Field marshal.
  • 1753 – Caspar Johann Schneider was born (d. 24 Feb 1839). German artist.
  • 1768 – Canaletto dies (b. 1697). Italian artist.
  • 1770 – Captain James Cook first spots Australia.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Lexington and ConcordBritish General Thomas Gage attempts to confiscate American colonists‘s firearms. The British are driven back to Boston, Massachusetts, thus beginning the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1782 – John Adams secured the Dutch Republic‘s recognition of the United States as an independent government and the house that he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became the first American embassy.
  • 1785 – Alexandre Pierre François Boëly was born (d. 1858). French composer.
  • 1790 – Nicolas-Jacques Juliard dies (b. 1715). French artist.
  • 1791 – Richard Price dies (b. 1723). Welsh philosopher.
  • 1793 – Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria was born (d. 1875).
  • 1795 – Jean Charles Joseph Rémond was born (d. 15 Jul 1875). French artist.
  • 1801 – Gustav Theodor Fechner was born (d. 18 Nov 1887). German physicist and philosopher who was a key figure in the founding of psychophysics, the science concerned with quantitative relations between sensations and the stimuli producing them .
  • 1809 – The army of Austria attacks and is defeated by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn, part of the struggles of the Fifth Coalition.
  • 1810 – Venezuela achieves home rule: Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • 1813 – Benjamin Rush dies (b. 1745). Physician, activist.
  • 1813 – Samuel Gregory was born (d. 23 Mar 1872). American pioneer in the medical education of women who founded the Boston Female Medical School (1848), first medical school in the world exclusively for women, because he disapproved of male doctors attending childbirth.
  • 1813 – Benjamin Rush dies (b. 1745). Physician, activist.
  • 1814 – Louis Amédée Achard was born (d. 1875). French novelist.
  • 1822 – Comienza a funcionar en Buenos Aires la Facultad de Medicina.
  • 1824 – George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron [ Lord Byron] dies (b. 1788). Author, poet.
  • 1831 – Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger dies (b. 1765). German mathematician.
  • 1832 – José Echegaray y Eizaguirre was born in Madrid (d. 14 Sep 1916). Spanish engineer, author and politician Nobel Prize in Literature -1904
  • 1837 – Anatacio Bustamante assume (pela 2º vez) a presidência do México
  • 1839 – The Treaty of London establishes Belgium as a kingdom and Luxembourg a Grand Duchy.
  • 1840 – Jean-Jacques Lartigue dies (b. 1777). Roman catholic bishop of Montreal.
  • 1849 – Eva Gonzalès, Mme Henri Guérard, was born (d. 05 may 1883). French Impressionist painter.
  • 1851 – James Fenimore Cooper dies (b. 15 Sep 1789). American writer. (The Pioneers, 1823; The Last of the Mohicans, 1826…).
  • 1854 – Robert Jameson dies (b. 1774). Scottish naturalist.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: A pro-Secession mob in Baltimore, Maryland attacks United States Army troops marching through the city.
  • 1865 – Charles C. Wood dies (b. 25 Apr 1792). British-born painter who emigrated to the US (1817) and then to Chile (1820). Diseñó el primer Escudo Nacional de Chile, adoptado en 1832.
  • 1867 – Roberto Payró was born in Mercedes, Buenos Aires. Argentinian journalist and writer.
  • 1868 – Paul (Percy) Harris was born em Racine-USA, Founder of Rotary International .
  • 1869 – Józef Mehoffer was born (d. 08 Jul 1946). Polish painter, printmaker, and decorative artist.
  • 1870 – Andreas Schelfout dies (b. 16 Feb 1787). The Hague Dutch painter and watercolorist.
  • 1874 – Ernst Rüdin was born (d. 1952). Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist.
  • 1877 – Ole Evinrude was born (d. 1934). Norwegian-American inventor.
  • 1880 – Albert Wallace Hull was born (d. 22 Jan 1966). American physicist who independently discovered the powder method of X-ray analysis of crystals (1917), which permits the study of crystalline materials in a finely divided microcrystalline, or powder, state. He also invented the magnetron (1921) and the thyratron (1927).
  • 1882 – Charles Darwin dies (b. 1809). English biologist and author.
  • 1882 – Getúlio Vargas was born (d. 1954). Brazilian politician and 20th, 21st, 22nd e 25th President of Brazil (13 Nov 1930- 29 Oct 1945 and 31 Jan 1951- 24 Aug 1954).
  • 1883 – Richard von Mises was born (d. 14 Jul 1953). Austrian-American mathematician and aerodynamicist who notably advanced statistics and the theory of probability. Von Mises’ contributions range widely, also including fluid mechanics, aerodynamics, and aeronautics.
  • 1886 – Manuel Bandeira was born in Recife. Brazilian poet. / Nascimento no Recife, de Manuel Bandeira (Manuel Carneiro de Souza Bandeira Filho), professor, poeta, cronista, crítico, historiador literário e membro da Academia Brasileira de Letras.
  • 1889 – Otto Georg Thierack was born (d. 1946). German jurist and politician.
  • 1891 – Riccardo Bacchelli was born in Bologna, Italy (d. 8 oct 1985) . Italien writer.
  • 1892 – Germaine Tailleferre was born (d. 1983). French composer.
  • 1892 – Charles Duryea claims to have driven the first automobile in the United States, in Springfield, Massachusetts.
  • 1892 – Herbert Wilcox was born. English film director and producer.
  • 1892 – Fr. Thomas Dale dies (b. 1821). Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s.
  • 1896 – Niklaus Stöcklin was born (d. 1982). Swiss artist.
  • 1897 – Constance Talmadge was born (d. 1973). American actress.
  • 1897 – Peter de Noronha was born (d. 1970). Indian businessman and philanthropist.
  • 1897 – 1st American marathon ran (Boston), John J McDermott wins in 2:55:10
  • 1898 – 2nd Boston Marathon won by Ron McDonald of Mass in 2:42:00
  • 1899 – Duarte Pacheco was born (d. 1943). Portuguese engineer and statesman.
  • 1899 – 3rd Boston Marathon won by Lawrence Brignolia of Mass in 2:54:38
  • 1899 – George O’Brien was born (d. 1985). American actor.
  • 1900 – 4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4
  • 1900 – Richard Hughes was born (d. 1976). English novelist.
  • 1900 – Roland Michener was born (d. 1991). Governor General of Canada.
  • 1901 – 5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6
  • 1902 – 6th Boston Marathon won by Sam Mellor of New York in 2:43:12
  • 1903 – Eliot Ness was born (d. 1957). American lawman, FBI agent-Chicago who put Al Capone behind bars.
  • 1903 – Francisco Manuel de Melo Breyner dies (b. 1837). 4th Conde de Ficalho, Portuguese historian botanist and author.
  • 1904 – Richard Pough was born (d. 24 Jun 2003). American ecologist who was founding president of the Nature Conservancy (1950), one of the nation’s largest environmental organizations.
  • 1904 – Much of Toronto, Ontario, Canada is destroyed by fire.
  • 1904 – 8th Boston Marathon won by Michael Spring of New York in 2:38:04.4
  • 1905 – 9th Boston Marathon won by Fred Lorz of New York in 2:38:25.4
  • 1906 – 10th Boston Marathon won by Tim Ford of Mass in 2:45:45 .
  • 1906 – Pierre Curie dies (b. 1859). French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate.
  • 1906 – Spencer Gore dies (b. 1850). British tennis player and cricketer.
  • 1907 – 11th Boston Marathon won by Tom Longboat of Canada in 2:24:24
  • 1909 – Joan of Arc receives beatification.
  • 1909 – 13th Boston Marathon won by Henri Renaud of NH in 2:53:36.8
  • 1910 – 14th Boston Marathon won by Fred Cameron of Canada in 2:28:52.4
  • 1911 – As universidades de Coimbra, Lisboa e Porto passam a gozar de autonomia económica e científica.
  • 1911 – 15th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:21:39.6
  • 1912 – Glenn Seaborg was born (d. 25 Feb 1999). American nuclear chemist. Seaborg and his early collaborator Edwin McMillan shared the 1951 Nobel Prize for chemistry. Seaborg was chairman of the US Atomic Energy Commission 1962-71. Element 106, seaborgium (1974), was named in his honour.
  • 1912 – 16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of New York in 2:21:18.2
  • 1912 – Glenn Seaborg was born (d. 1999) American chemist and Nobel Prize winner.
  • 1913 – 17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson of Minnesota in 2:25:14.8
  • 1914 – Charles Sanders Peirce dies (b. 1839). American philosopher and mathematician
  • 1915 – 19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2
  • 1916 – 20th Boston Marathon won by Arthur Roth of Mass in 2:27:16.4
  • 1916 – Ephraim Shay dies (b. 1839). American inventor.
  • 1917 – 21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of New York in 2:28:37.2
  • 1919 – Leslie Irvin of the United States makes the first successful parachute jump and free fall
  • 1919 – 23rd Boston Marathon won by Carl Linder of Mass in 2:29:13.4
  • 1919 – Merce Cunningham was born. American dancer and choreographher
  • 1920 – 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31
  • 1921 – 25th Boston Marathon won by Frank Zuna of New Jersey in 2:18:57.6
  • 1922 – Sacadura Cabral e Gago Coutinho concretizam a sua travessia do Atlântico sul ao chegarem ao Rochedo de São Pedro.
  • 1922 – 26th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:18:10
  • 1922 – Erich Hartmann was born (d. 1993). German pilot.
  • 1923 – 27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:23:37.4
  • 1923 – Lygia Fagundes Telles was born. Brazilian writer, 2005 Camões Prize laureate.
  • 1924 – 28th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:29:40.2
  • 1925 – Club Social y Deportivo Colo Colo is founded in Santiago de Chile
  • 1925 – Hugh O’Brian was born. American actor.
  • 1926 – 30th Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:25:40.4
  • 1926 – Alexander Alexandrovich Chuprov dies (b. 1874). Russian statistician.
  • 1927 – Mae West is sentenced to 10 days in jail for obscenity for her play Sex.
  • 1927 – 31st Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:40:22.2
  • 1928 – The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
  • 1928 – 32nd Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:37:07.8
  • 1928 – Alexis Korner was born (d. 1984). English musician.
  • 1929 – 33rd Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:33:08.6
  • 1930 – 34th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:34:48.2
  • 1930 – Dick Sargent was born (d. 1994). American actor.
  • 1930 – Armando Bógus was born in São Paulo (d. 2 May 1993). Brazilian actor.
  • 1930 – Georges-Casimir Dessaulles dies (b. 1837). Canadian senator.
  • 1931 – Garfield Morgan was born. English actor.
  • 1931 – Walter Stewart was born (d. 2004). Canadian journalist.
  • 1932 – Fernando Botero was born in Medellín, Colombia. Colombian sculptor and painter. Colombian painter, draftsman, and sculptor, with a preference for grossly overweight women, Mujer delante de un espejo
  • 1932 – Nasce na Covilhã o poeta e ensaísta português E. M. de Melo e Castro (Ernesto Manuel Geraldes de Melo e Castro).
  • 1932 – 36th Boston Marathon won by Paul de Bruyn of Germany in 2:33:36.4
  • 1933 – President Franklin Delano Roosevelt announces that the United States will be leaving the gold standard.
  • 1933 – 37th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:31:01.6
  • 1933 – FDR announces that the US will leave the gold standard .
  • 1933 – Dickie Bird was born. English cricket umpire.
  • 1933 – Jayne Mansfield was born (d. 1967). American actress.
  • 1934 – Shirley Temple debuts in Stand Up and Cheer.
  • 1934 – O Monstro do Loch Ness é fotografado, naquilo a que viria ser descoberto como um embuste em 1994.
  • 1934 – 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8
  • 1934 – Dickie Goodman was born (d. 1989). American producer of novelty songs.
  • 1935 – 39th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:32:07.4.
  • 1935 – Dudley Moore was born (d. 2002). English actor, musician, comedian, composer.
  • 1936 – First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine.
  • 1936 – Wilfried Martens was born. Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1937 – 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20.
  • 1937 – Elinor Donahue was born. American actress
  • 1937 – Joseph Estrada was born. Actor and President of the Philippines
  • 1937 – William Martin Conway dies (b. 1856). British art critic and mountaineer.
  • 1938 – RCANBC begins regular television broadcasts.
  • 1938 – 42nd Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:35:34.8
  • 1939 – 43rd Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of RI in 2:28:51.8
  • 1939 – Rudolf Wacker dies (b. 25 Feb 1893). Austrian artist.
  • 1940 – 44th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:28.6
  • 1940 – Genya Ravan was born. American vocalist (Goldie & the Gingerbreads, Ten Wheel Drive)
  • 1941 – 45th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:30:38
  • 1941 – Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia.
  • 1941 – Roberto Carlos was born. Brazilian singer.
  • 1941 – Alan Price was born. English musician (The Animals), (The Alan Price Set)
  • 1941 – Bobby Russell was born (d. 1992). American songwriter.
  • 1942 – World War II: In Poland, the Majdan-Tatarski ghetto is established, situated between the Lublin ghetto and a Majdanek subcamp.
  • 1942 – 46th Boston Marathon won by Joe Smith of Mass in 2:26:51.2
  • 1942 – Bas Jan Ader was born. Dutch artist (disappeared 1975).
  • 1942 – Jack Roush was born. American founder of Roush Fenway Racing
  • 1942 – Frank Elstner was born. Television producer
  • 1943 – World War II: German troops enter the Warsaw ghetto to round up the remaining Jews, starting the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
  • 1943 – Bicycle Day –Bicycle Day – Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
  • 1943 – 47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8
  • 1943 – Eve Graham was born. Scottish singer (The New Seekers).
  • 1944 – James Heckman was born. American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize
  • 1944 – Bernie Worrell was born. American keyboardist (P Funk)
  • 1945 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala were established.
  • 1945 – 49th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:30:40.2
  • 1946 – Tim Curry was born. British actor .
  • 1947 – 51st Boston Marathon won by Yun Bok Soh of Korea in 2:25:39.
  • 1947 – Murray Perahia was born. American pianist
  • 1947 – Mark Volman was born. American musician (The Turtles)
  • 1948 – Chiang Kai-shek elected president of Nationalist China
  • 1948 – 52nd Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:02.
  • 1948 – Rick Miller was born. American baseball player.
  • 1949 – Larry Walters, floated 16,000 feet into the air on a lawn chair attached to helium-filled balloons (d. 1993)
  • 1949 – 53rd Boston Marathon won by Gosta Leandersson of Sweden in 2:31:50.8
  • 1949 – Paloma Picasso was born. French/Spanish jewelry designer, fashion designer and businesswoman; daughter of artist Pablo Picasso
  • 1949 – Larry Walters was born. American “lawn chair” pilot.
  • 1949 – Ulrich Salchow dies (b. 1877). Swedish figure skater.
  • 1950 – 54th Boston Marathon won by Kee Yong Ham of Korea in 2:32:39.
  • 1950 – Argentina becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1950 – Ernst Robert Curtius dies (b. 1886). Alsatian philologist.
  • 1951 – 55th Boston Marathon won by Shigeki Tanaka, who survived the atomic blast at Hiroshima, Japan in World War II, in 2:27:45
  • 1951 – General Douglas MacArthur retires from the military.
  • 1951 – Barry Brown was born (d. 1978). American actor and writer.
  • 1951 – Jóannes Eidesgaard was born. Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands
  • 1952 – 56th Boston Marathon won by Doroteo Flores of Guatemala in 2:31:53
  • 1952 – Alexis Arguello was born. Nicaraguan boxer.
  • 1953 – Sara Simeoni was born. Italian high jumper, 1980 Olympics gold
  • 1953 – Ruby Wax was born. British television personality.
  • 1953 – Rod Morgenstein was born. American musician (Winger)
  • 1954 – 58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39
  • 1954 – 7-time winner of Boston Marathon, 65-year-old Clarence Demar, runs his last race at Boston.
  • 1954 – Bob Rock was born. Canadian record producer & musician (The Payolas)
  • 1955 – The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • 1955 – Kalinka’s webmaster was born. Let’s give her the congratulations.
  • 1955 – 59th Boston Marathon won by Hideo Hamamura of Japan in 2:18:22
  • 1955 – Mark Taylor was born. American author of Computerized Shipping Systems
  • 1956 – Actress Grace Kelly marries Rainier III of Monaco.
  • 1956 – 60th Boston Marathon won by Antti Viskari of Finland in 2:14:14
  • 1956 – Ernst R Curtius dies at 70. German literature historian.
  • 1957 – Mukesh Ambani was born. Indian Business Tycoon.
  • 1958 – Robert Bentley dies. Humorist, actor .
  • 1958 – 62nd Boston Marathon won by Franjo Mihalic of Yugoslavia in 2:25:54
  • 1960 – The students in South Korea hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against their president Syngman Rhee, eventually forcing him to resign.
  • 1960 – 64th Boston Marathon won by Paavo Kotila of Finland in 2:20:54
  • 1960 – Frank Viola was born. Baseball player
  • 1960 – John Schweitz was born. American basketball player and coach
  • 1960 – Roger Merrett was born. Australian footballer
  • 1961 – 65th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:39
  • 1961 – The Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba ends in failure.
  • 1962 – 66th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:48
  • 1962 – Al Unser, Jr. was born. American race car driver, two-time Indianapolis 500 winner.
  • 1963 – 67th Boston Marathon won by Aurele Vandendriessche of Belg in 2:18:58
  • 1963 – Valerie Plame Wilson was born. Former C.I.A. agent.
  • 1964 – Paolo Martinotti , genio incompreso, estroso personaggio.
  • 1965 – Suge Knight was born. American record producer.
  • 1965 – Natalie Dessay was born. French soprano.
  • 1966 – 70th Boston Marathon won by Kenji Kimihara of Japan in 2:17:11
  • 1966 – Roberta Bignay becomes 1st woman to run in the Boston Marathon
  • 1966 – Véronique Gens was born. French soprano
  • 1966 – Osamu Matsuda was born. Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Julia Neigel was born. German singer and songwriter
  • 1966 – Albert Servaes dies (b. 04 Apr 1883). Belgian painter, who is considered as the first Flemish Expressionist and the link between the First and the Second School of St. Martens Latem.
  • 1967 – 71st Boston Marathon won by Dave McKenzie of New Zealand in 2:15:45
  • 1967 – Steven H Silver was born. American science fiction editor.
  • 1967 – Dar Williams was born. American musician and songwriter.
  • 1967 – Konrad Adenauer dies (b. 1895). German politician.
  • 1968 – Ashley Judd was born. Actress.
  • 1968 – Craig McNeil was born. American writer, lawyer, and military officer
  • 1968 – Mswati III was born. King of Swaziland
  • 1968 – Pascal Kleiman was born. Spanish DJ, producer, musician
  • 1969 – Jesse James was born. Television personality, Custom motorcycle builder
  • 1969 – Susan Polgar was born. Hungarian-born American chess player
  • 1970 – En Colombia se celebran comicios electorales que ante un supuesto fraude, dan origen al Movimiento 19 de Abril.
  • 1970 – Kelly Holmes was born. Olympian, double gold medalist.
  • 1970 – Luis Miguel was born in Vera Cruz. Mexican pop-singer.
  • 1971 – Charles Manson is sentenced to life in prison for the Sharon Tate murders.
  • 1971 – 75th Boston Marathon won by Alvaro Mejia of Colombia in 2:18:45
  • 1971 – Launch of Salyut 1, first human-made space station.
  • 1971 – Sierra Leone becomes a republic, and Siaka Stevens the president.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: Vietnam Veterans Against the War begin a five-day demonstration in Washington, DC.
  • 1972 – Bangladesh becomes a member of British Commonwealth.
  • 1972 – Hungary revises constitution.
  • 1972 – Rivaldo was born. Brazilien football player.
  • 1973 – Hans Kelsen dies. AustrianAmerican legal theorist.
  • 1973 – Em Bona foi fundado o Partido Socialista em Portugal.
  • 1974 – Akara Amarttayakul was born. Thai actor
  • 1974 – Ayub Khan dies (b. 1907). Former President of Pakistan.
  • 1975 – India‘s first satellite Aryabhata is launched.
  • 1975 – Percy L. Julian dies (b. 1899). Chemist.
  • 1975 – Nazarena Almada was born. Miss Argentina Universe 1997.
  • 1975 – Jason Gillespie was born. Australian cricketer
  • 1975 – Jussi Jääskeläinen was born. Finnish footballer
  • 1976 – United States Executive Order 9066 is rescinded.
  • 1976 – Ruud Jolie was born. Dutch guitarist (Within Temptation)
  • 1976 – Scott Padgett was born. American basketball player
  • 1976 – Vanessa Guzman was born. Miss Universe-Mexico 1996.
  • 1976 – José Raquel Mercado dies assassinated. Colombian sindicalist leader (Presidente de la Confederación de Trabajadores de Colombia).
  • 1976 – 5th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Kim Merritt of Wis in 2:47:10
  • 1976 – 80th Boston Marathon won by Jack Fultz of Wash, DC in 2:20:19
  • 1977 – Joe Beimel was born. American baseball player
  • 1977 – Lucien Mettomo was born. Cameroonian footballer
  • 1977 – Dennys Reyes was born. Mexican baseball player
  • 1978 – Lagumot Harris is elected President of Nauru.
  • 1978 – Yitzhak Navron is elected President of Israel.
  • 1978 – Amanda Sage was born. American born visionary artist.
  • 1978 – James Franco was born. American actor
  • 1978 – Gabriel Heinze was born. Argentinian footballer
  • 1979 – Kate Hudson was born in Los Angeles, California, USA. Actress.
  • 1980 – In The Hague, Netherlands, Johnny Logan wins the twenty-fifth Eurovision Song Contest for Ireland singing “What’s Another Year”.
  • 1980 – Alexis Thorpe was born. American actress.-
  • 1981 – Catalina Sandino Moreno was born in Bogota, Colombia. Atress. Maria Full of Grace -2004; Nominee: Best Actress in a Leading Role 77th Academy Awards -The winner was Hilary Swank) .
  • 1981 – Hayden Christensen was born. Canadian actor
  • 1981 – Martin Havlat was born. Czech hockey player
  • 1981 – Kasie Head was born. American actress and model
  • 1981 – Troy Polamalu was born. American football player
  • 1982 – 11th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Charlotte Teske of Ger in 2:29:33
  • 1982 – Belarmino Fragoso dies. portuguese boxeur.
  • 1982 – 86th Boston Marathon won by Alberto Salazar of Oreg in 2:08:51
  • 1983 – Joe Mauer was born. Minnesota Twins All-Star catcher.
  • 1983 – Alberto Callaspo was born. Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1983 – Zack Duke was born. American baseball player
  • 1983 – Joe Mauer was born. American baseball player
  • 1983 – Curtis Thigpen was born. American baseball player
  • 1984 – Lee Da Hae was born. South Korean actress
  • 1985 – Advance Australia Fair is proclaimed as Australia’s national anthem, and green and gold as the national colours.
  • 1985 – U.S.S.R performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalatinsk U.S.S.R.
  • 1985 – Michael Anderson was born. American wrestler.
  • 1986 – Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 1986 – Candace Parker was born. American basketball player
  • 1987 – Oksana Akinshina was born. Russian actress
  • 1987 – Courtland Mead was born. American actor
  • 1987 – Maxwell Taylor dies (b. 1901). General .
  • 1987 – The Simpsons go to air for the first time. The Simpson family first appeared in animated form as shorts on The Tracey Ullman Show, with the first episode, “Good Night“, airing this day.
  • 1987 – Maria Sharapova was born in Nyagan, Russia. Tennis player. She won the 2004 WTA Championships, defeating Serena Williams 4-6, 6-2, 6-4 in the final. See large photo Maria Shaparova
  • 1987 – Joe Hart was born. English footballer
  • 1987 – Oksana Akinshina was born. Russian actress
  • 1987 – Courtland Mead was born. American actor
  • 1988 – Ted Kim was born. Volleyball player .
  • 1988 – Em Portugal, foi legalizado o naturismo.
  • 1988 – Kwon Ki-ok dies (b. 1901). First Korean female pilot.
  • 1989 – Miguel Torga, escritor português, recebe o Prémio Camões
  • 1989 – A gun turret explodes on the USS Iowa, killing 47 sailors.
  • 1989 – Trisha Meili, the “Central Park Jogger” is raped.
  • 1989 – Fiona MacGillivray was born. Canadian vocalist (The Cottars)
  • 1989 – Daphne du Maurier dies (b. 1907). British author (Rebecca, Jamaica Inn).
  • 1990 – Kim Chiu was born. Filipino actress.
  • 1991 – Stanley Hawes was born (d. 1905). British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator.
  • 1992 – Frankie Howerd dies (b. 1917). Comedian, actor.
  • 1993 – The 51-day siege of the Branch Davidian building outside Waco, Texas, USA, ends when a fire breaks out. Eighty-one people die.
  • 1993 – 22nd Boston Women’s Marathon won by Olga Markova of Russia in 2:25:27
  • 1993 – 97th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas N’deti of Kenya in 2:09:33
  • 1993 – David Koresh dies (b. 1959). Leader of Branch Davidians.
  • 1993 – George S. Mickelson dies (b. 1941). American politician.
  • 1996 – Walter D’Ávila dies (b. 1914). Brazilian actor.
  • 1997 – Brooke Shields /Andre Agassi wed.
  • 1997 – Eldon Hoke (aka “El Duce”) dies (b. 1958). American musician.
  • 1998 – Octavio Paz dies (b. 1914). Mexican writer, diplomat and Nobel laureate .
  • 1998 – Rodrigo Pessoa, cavaleiro brasileiro, conquista o título mundial de hipismo, na Finlândia.
  • 1998 – Portugal: Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa ganha o congresso de Tavira do PSD com maioria absoluta.
  • 1999 – The German Parliament returns to Berlin.
  • 1999 – David Sanes dies. US Navy employee.
  • 2000 – An Air Philippines Boeing 737-200 crashes near Davao airport, killing 131.
  • 2000 – Louis Applebaum dies (b. 1918). Canadian conductor and composer.
  • 2004 – XII Sessão da Comissão sobre Desenvolvimento Sustentável das Nações Unidas
  • 2004 – Norris McWhirter dies (b. 1925). Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of cords.
  • 2004 – John Maynard Smith dies (b. 1920). English biologist.
  • 2005 – German Cardinal Josef Ratzinger is elected Pope Benedictus XVI
  • 2005 – Ruth Hussey was born (d. 1911). American actress.
  • 2005 – Bryan Ottoson dies (b. 1978). American musician.
  • 2005 – Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen dies (b. 1946). Danish jazz bassist.
  • 2005 – Blade Icewood dies (b. 1977). American rapper.
  • 2005 – George Pan Cosmatos dies (b. 1941). Greek film director.
  • 2005 – Clement Meadmore dies (b. 1929). Australian sculptor.
  • 2006 – Scott Crossfield dies. American pilot, first man to fly at Mach 2
  • 2006 – Zola Levitt dies (b. 1938). Messianic Jewish preacher.
  • 2007 – Jean-Pierre Cassel dies (b. 1932). French actor.
  • 2007 – Helen Walton dies (b. 1919). Wife of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton.
  • Dia do Exército Brasileiro (Dec. 51.429/62).
  • Declaration of Independence Day (Venezuela) .
  • Republic Day (Sierra Leone).
  • Landing of the 33 (Uruguay).
  • Primrose Day (England) – primroses are placed on the statue of Benjamin Disraeli in Parliament Square, London on the anniversary of his death (1881). Primroses were his favourite flower.