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Liga Bwin – 21ª. Jornada: Resultados, classificação, comentários Março 2, 2008

Filed under: football,Futebol,Liga Bwin — looking4good @ 11:02 pm
21ª Jornada Resultados
29 Fev. 20:30 Braga 0-0 Guimarães
01 Mar. 19:15 Leixões 2-2 Académica
01 Mar. 19:15 União de Leiria

0-2 Vitória de Setúbal
02 Mar. 16:00 Naval 1º. de Maio 1-1 Nacional
02 Mar. 16:00 Marítimo 1-1 Estrela da Amadora
2 Mar. 21:15 Boavista 0-0 Porto
2 Mar. 21:15 Sporting 1-1 Benfica
3 Mar. 19:45 Paços de Ferreira Belenenses

Classificação

Lugar Clube Pontos Golos
1. Porto 51 38-7
2. Benfica 39 33-12
3. Vitória de Guimarães 35 23-23
4. Sporting 34 28-18
4. Vitória de Setúbal 34 29-20
6. Marítimo 30 26-22
7. Nacional 29 15-14
7. Belenenses 29 20-20
9. Braga 27 23-25
10. Boavista 25 24-31
11. Estrela da Amadora 22 24-26
11. Académica 22 22-31
13. Leixões 21 21-25
14. Naval 1º. de Maio 20 15-31
15. Paços de Ferreira (*) 16 19-32
6. União de Leiria 8 16-39
(*) Defrontam-se amanhã, em Paços de Ferreira, para completar a 21ª. Jornada, por isso têm um jogo a menos
Comentários da Jornada:

Em jornada de derbys, todos terminaram empatados. Mais ainda, dos sete jogos já disputados (amanhã termina a jornada com o Paços de Ferreira-Belenenses), seis terminaram empatados e a unica equipa derrotada foi a última classificada a União de Leiria que perdeu com O Vitória de Setúbal. Os sadinos sairam, assim como grandes benificados da jornada ao igualarem o Sporting no 4º. lugar.

O Guimarães empatou em Braga 0-0 com os bracarenses mais perto do triunfo e a queixarem-se de um penalty não assinalado sobre João Pereira no minuto 45′.

A Académica esteve a ganhar ao Leixões até perto do final mas aí wureixaram-se os visitantes de um penalty fanrtasma marcado ao minuto 90′ que deu o empate ao Leixões e fez com que a contestação ao treinador não fosse ainda mais acentuada.

O Setúbal, como se disse já, foi o único triunfador até agora em jornada de empatas, com o regressado Pitbull a facturar logo aos 10′ para Bruno Gama confirmar aos 75′.

Na Figueira da Foz os visitantes estiveram em vantagem, mas os homens da casa conseguiram o empate, mantendo-se na zona perigosa e ficando na expectativa de que o Paços de Ferreira não triunfe amanhã frente ao Belenenses.

O Estrela da Amadora foi ao Funcah impôr um empate ao Marítimo que caso tivesse ganho ficaria a dois pontos do Sporting! A expulsão de Mendonça deixou os amadorenses em inferioridade e o Marítimo chegou ao empate mas já não à vitória porque Nélson (g. redes do Estrela) não o permitiu .

No Bessa o Porto demonstrou os motivos porque são comandantes com tanto avanço e com uma equipa de vários suplentes esteve mais perto de ganhar do que os homens do Bessa.

Em Alvalade num derby sem Liedson e Luisão, jogadores que têm decidido os últimos jogos entre os rivais de Lisboa, foram os recém-chegados a Portugal, Vukcevik e Cardozo que marcaram, num empate que serviu melhor o Benfica.

A meio da semana o Porto joga cartada decisiva na Champions League contra o Shalke 04 e Benfica e Sporting jogam a primeira mão dos oitavos de final da Uefa. No próximo fim de semana há um sensacional Vitória de Guimarães-Sporting, que pode trazer mais problemas aos leões. O Benfica recebe o úlitmo enquanto o Porto recebe a Académica.

Naval-Leixões pode ser muito importante na classificação final dos aflitos e Setúbal-Marítimo é jogo para candidatos á Europa.

Próxima Jornada 22ª.
07 Mar. 20:30 Vitória de Setúbal Marítimo
08 Mar. 16:00 Estrela da Amadora Paços de Ferreira
08 Mar. 20:30 Nacional

Braga
09 Mar. 16:00 Naval 1º. de Maio Leixões
09 Mar. 18:00 Benfica União de Leiria
09 Mar. 19:00 FC Porto Académica
09 Mar. 20:30 Vitória de Guimarães Sporting
10 Mar. 19:45 Belenenses Boavista

 

Também empate no derby lisboeta

Filed under: Benfica,football,Futebol,Liga Bwin,Sporting — looking4good @ 10:47 pm

Sporting

1-1

Benfica
Empate serve melhor os interesses das águias

Um derby menor por vários factores:
a) Porque só interessava na luta pelo segundo lugar dado o enorme avanço do Porto;
b) Porque ambas as equipas têm estado longe de jogar bem e satisfazer os adeptos;
c) Porque grandes jogadores (e decisivos nos últimos anos) Liedson e Luisão estiveram de fora.
Mas foram ainda mais os jogadores titulares de ambas as equipas que estiveram de fora do derby: Romagnoli pelo Sporting, Petit, David Luís, Nuno Gomes e até Nuno Assis que estava escalado para o onzer inicial e que no aquecimento ficou impedido de participar.

O Sporting começou melhor, a defesa encarnada não se entendia com Nélson com muitas dificuldades face aos ataques do Sporting pelo lado esquerdo e Edcarlos muito pouco lesto a despachar as bolas. O Sporting ameaçou numa jogada de Izmailov e Vukcevic pela esquerda, com Quim a defender, mas passado pouco tempo foi mesmo golo, com Vukcevic de cabeça a desviar para o fundo da baliza, o cruzamento da esquerda de Tiuí, perante Quim que só pôde dar uma palmada na bola não evitando o golo.

O Benfica corrigiu ao mudar a posição de Cruistian Rodriguez e Di Maria, passando o primeiro pra a direita e no último quarto de hora conseguiu inverter o domínio no jogo. Uma ameaça de Rui Costa a rematar de fora da área para defesa de Rui Patrício, outra jogada com Cristián Rodriguez a poder visar a baliza, mas a rematar ao lado. Entretanto um lance em que Miguel Veloso desviou a bola com a mão dentro da área ficou impune. De um pontapé de canto da esquerda do ataque encarnado apontado por Rui Costa, Cardozo de cabeça facturou o empate aos 38′.

A segunda parte decorreu em termos semelhantes da primeira, isto é, o Sporting a entrar melhor, com Quim a ter intervenções decisivas e o Benfica a melhorar com o decurso do tempo. Aos 60′ Léo empurrou Vukcevic na área encarnada, mas o penalty também ficou por assinalar.

A meio da segunda parte o Benfica atravessa o seu melhor período no jogo conseguindo trocar a bola entre os seus jogadores e com a equipa do Sporting a parecer incapaz de mandar no jogo como já o havia feito. Numa desvaneça Tonel /Csardozo o avançado paraguaio encarnado atingiu o defesa sportinguista que quis tirar partido da situação, mas o árbitro não agiu disciplinarmente. Tudo mudou quando Paraty numa decisão deveras exigente e desadequada face ao tom com que arbitrara o jogo até aí exibiu cartão vermelho directo a Nélson após um tackle deste em bola dividida com Celsinho que entrara antes para o lugar de Izmailov. O Sporting ganhou novo alento, Paulo Bento fez entrar Purovic e o Benfica remeteu-se à zona defensiva e tentanfo fazer passar o tempo. Ainda asim, Cardozo, num remate de primeira, fez passar a bola ligeiramente por cima da barra de Rui Patrício, mas foi com alívio que os benfiquistas viram soar o apito após 7′ de descontos (quando o árbitro concedera 5′) proporcionando Paulo Paraty mais uma rábula quando o Benfica pediu a 3ª substituição, e o árbitro não concedeu, a bola saiu fora de campo mais duas vezes e apenas à terceira permitiu a substituição para queimar tempo é certo mas que as leis permitem fazer.

Um jogo renhido especialmente na segunda parte mas que foi demonstrativo da menor valia destas duas equipas nesta época desportiva e também com uma fraca arbitragem. Para além dos penalties esteve bastante mal no ajuizar das faltas com muitas que ficaram por marcar.

Estádio José Alvalade, em Lisboa

Árbitro: Paulo Paraty (AF Porto); Aux: Alexandre Freitas,José Cardinal

SPORTING – Rui Patrício; Abel (Purovic, 77′), Tonel, Polga e Grimi; Pereirinha, Miguel Veloso, João Moutinho e Izmailov (Celsinho, 69′); Tiuí e Vukcevic.

BENFICA – Quim; Nélson, Edcarlos, Katsouranis e Léo; Maxi Pereira e Binya; Di Maria (Sepsi, 74′), Rui Costa (Luís Filipe, 90’+5′) e Cristian Rodriguez (Zoro, 87′); Cardozo.

Golos: 1-0, Vukcevic (11′); 1-1, Cardozo (38′).

Disciplina: Cartão amarelo a Katsouranis 54′, Abel 61′, Grimi 62′, Binya 67′ e Purovic 89′. Cartão vermelho directo para Nélson (76′).

 

Também empate no derby lisboeta

Filed under: Benfica,football,Futebol,Liga Bwin,Sporting — looking4good @ 10:47 pm

Sporting

1-1

Benfica
Empate serve melhor os interesses das águias

Um derby menor por vários factores:
a) Porque só interessava na luta pelo segundo lugar dado o enorme avanço do Porto;
b) Porque ambas as equipas têm estado longe de jogar bem e satisfazer os adeptos;
c) Porque grandes jogadores (e decisivos nos últimos anos) Liedson e Luisão estiveram de fora.
Mas foram ainda mais os jogadores titulares de ambas as equipas que estiveram de fora do derby: Romagnoli pelo Sporting, Petit, David Luís, Nuno Gomes e até Nuno Assis que estava escalado para o onzer inicial e que no aquecimento ficou impedido de participar.

O Sporting começou melhor, a defesa encarnada não se entendia com Nélson com muitas dificuldades face aos ataques do Sporting pelo lado esquerdo e Edcarlos muito pouco lesto a despachar as bolas. O Sporting ameaçou numa jogada de Izmailov e Vukcevic pela esquerda, com Quim a defender, mas passado pouco tempo foi mesmo golo, com Vukcevic de cabeça a desviar para o fundo da baliza, o cruzamento da esquerda de Tiuí, perante Quim que só pôde dar uma palmada na bola não evitando o golo.

O Benfica corrigiu ao mudar a posição de Cruistian Rodriguez e Di Maria, passando o primeiro pra a direita e no último quarto de hora conseguiu inverter o domínio no jogo. Uma ameaça de Rui Costa a rematar de fora da área para defesa de Rui Patrício, outra jogada com Cristián Rodriguez a poder visar a baliza, mas a rematar ao lado. Entretanto um lance em que Miguel Veloso desviou a bola com a mão dentro da área ficou impune. De um pontapé de canto da esquerda do ataque encarnado apontado por Rui Costa, Cardozo de cabeça facturou o empate aos 38′.

A segunda parte decorreu em termos semelhantes da primeira, isto é, o Sporting a entrar melhor, com Quim a ter intervenções decisivas e o Benfica a melhorar com o decurso do tempo. Aos 60′ Léo empurrou Vukcevic na área encarnada, mas o penalty também ficou por assinalar.

A meio da segunda parte o Benfica atravessa o seu melhor período no jogo conseguindo trocar a bola entre os seus jogadores e com a equipa do Sporting a parecer incapaz de mandar no jogo como já o havia feito. Numa desvaneça Tonel /Csardozo o avançado paraguaio encarnado atingiu o defesa sportinguista que quis tirar partido da situação, mas o árbitro não agiu disciplinarmente. Tudo mudou quando Paraty numa decisão deveras exigente e desadequada face ao tom com que arbitrara o jogo até aí exibiu cartão vermelho directo a Nélson após um tackle deste em bola dividida com Celsinho que entrara antes para o lugar de Izmailov. O Sporting ganhou novo alento, Paulo Bento fez entrar Purovic e o Benfica remeteu-se à zona defensiva e tentanfo fazer passar o tempo. Ainda asim, Cardozo, num remate de primeira, fez passar a bola ligeiramente por cima da barra de Rui Patrício, mas foi com alívio que os benfiquistas viram soar o apito após 7′ de descontos (quando o árbitro concedera 5′) proporcionando Paulo Paraty mais uma rábula quando o Benfica pediu a 3ª substituição, e o árbitro não concedeu, a bola saiu fora de campo mais duas vezes e apenas à terceira permitiu a substituição para queimar tempo é certo mas que as leis permitem fazer.

Um jogo renhido especialmente na segunda parte mas que foi demonstrativo da menor valia destas duas equipas nesta época desportiva e também com uma fraca arbitragem. Para além dos penalties esteve bastante mal no ajuizar das faltas com muitas que ficaram por marcar.

Estádio José Alvalade, em Lisboa

Árbitro: Paulo Paraty (AF Porto); Aux: Alexandre Freitas,José Cardinal

SPORTING – Rui Patrício; Abel (Purovic, 77′), Tonel, Polga e Grimi; Pereirinha, Miguel Veloso, João Moutinho e Izmailov (Celsinho, 69′); Tiuí e Vukcevic.

BENFICA – Quim; Nélson, Edcarlos, Katsouranis e Léo; Maxi Pereira e Binya; Di Maria (Sepsi, 74′), Rui Costa (Luís Filipe, 90’+5′) e Cristian Rodriguez (Zoro, 87′); Cardozo.

Golos: 1-0, Vukcevic (11′); 1-1, Cardozo (38′).

Disciplina: Cartão amarelo a Katsouranis 54′, Abel 61′, Grimi 62′, Binya 67′ e Purovic 89′. Cartão vermelho directo para Nélson (76′).

 

Também empate no derby lisboeta

Filed under: Benfica,football,Futebol,Liga Bwin,Sporting — looking4good @ 10:47 pm

Sporting

1-1

Benfica
Empate serve melhor os interesses das águias

Um derby menor por vários factores:
a) Porque só interessava na luta pelo segundo lugar dado o enorme avanço do Porto;
b) Porque ambas as equipas têm estado longe de jogar bem e satisfazer os adeptos;
c) Porque grandes jogadores (e decisivos nos últimos anos) Liedson e Luisão estiveram de fora.
Mas foram ainda mais os jogadores titulares de ambas as equipas que estiveram de fora do derby: Romagnoli pelo Sporting, Petit, David Luís, Nuno Gomes e até Nuno Assis que estava escalado para o onzer inicial e que no aquecimento ficou impedido de participar.

O Sporting começou melhor, a defesa encarnada não se entendia com Nélson com muitas dificuldades face aos ataques do Sporting pelo lado esquerdo e Edcarlos muito pouco lesto a despachar as bolas. O Sporting ameaçou numa jogada de Izmailov e Vukcevic pela esquerda, com Quim a defender, mas passado pouco tempo foi mesmo golo, com Vukcevic de cabeça a desviar para o fundo da baliza, o cruzamento da esquerda de Tiuí, perante Quim que só pôde dar uma palmada na bola não evitando o golo.

O Benfica corrigiu ao mudar a posição de Cruistian Rodriguez e Di Maria, passando o primeiro pra a direita e no último quarto de hora conseguiu inverter o domínio no jogo. Uma ameaça de Rui Costa a rematar de fora da área para defesa de Rui Patrício, outra jogada com Cristián Rodriguez a poder visar a baliza, mas a rematar ao lado. Entretanto um lance em que Miguel Veloso desviou a bola com a mão dentro da área ficou impune. De um pontapé de canto da esquerda do ataque encarnado apontado por Rui Costa, Cardozo de cabeça facturou o empate aos 38′.

A segunda parte decorreu em termos semelhantes da primeira, isto é, o Sporting a entrar melhor, com Quim a ter intervenções decisivas e o Benfica a melhorar com o decurso do tempo. Aos 60′ Léo empurrou Vukcevic na área encarnada, mas o penalty também ficou por assinalar.

A meio da segunda parte o Benfica atravessa o seu melhor período no jogo conseguindo trocar a bola entre os seus jogadores e com a equipa do Sporting a parecer incapaz de mandar no jogo como já o havia feito. Numa desvaneça Tonel /Csardozo o avançado paraguaio encarnado atingiu o defesa sportinguista que quis tirar partido da situação, mas o árbitro não agiu disciplinarmente. Tudo mudou quando Paraty numa decisão deveras exigente e desadequada face ao tom com que arbitrara o jogo até aí exibiu cartão vermelho directo a Nélson após um tackle deste em bola dividida com Celsinho que entrara antes para o lugar de Izmailov. O Sporting ganhou novo alento, Paulo Bento fez entrar Purovic e o Benfica remeteu-se à zona defensiva e tentanfo fazer passar o tempo. Ainda asim, Cardozo, num remate de primeira, fez passar a bola ligeiramente por cima da barra de Rui Patrício, mas foi com alívio que os benfiquistas viram soar o apito após 7′ de descontos (quando o árbitro concedera 5′) proporcionando Paulo Paraty mais uma rábula quando o Benfica pediu a 3ª substituição, e o árbitro não concedeu, a bola saiu fora de campo mais duas vezes e apenas à terceira permitiu a substituição para queimar tempo é certo mas que as leis permitem fazer.

Um jogo renhido especialmente na segunda parte mas que foi demonstrativo da menor valia destas duas equipas nesta época desportiva e também com uma fraca arbitragem. Para além dos penalties esteve bastante mal no ajuizar das faltas com muitas que ficaram por marcar.

Estádio José Alvalade, em Lisboa

Árbitro: Paulo Paraty (AF Porto); Aux: Alexandre Freitas,José Cardinal

SPORTING – Rui Patrício; Abel (Purovic, 77′), Tonel, Polga e Grimi; Pereirinha, Miguel Veloso, João Moutinho e Izmailov (Celsinho, 69′); Tiuí e Vukcevic.

BENFICA – Quim; Nélson, Edcarlos, Katsouranis e Léo; Maxi Pereira e Binya; Di Maria (Sepsi, 74′), Rui Costa (Luís Filipe, 90’+5′) e Cristian Rodriguez (Zoro, 87′); Cardozo.

Golos: 1-0, Vukcevic (11′); 1-1, Cardozo (38′).

Disciplina: Cartão amarelo a Katsouranis 54′, Abel 61′, Grimi 62′, Binya 67′ e Purovic 89′. Cartão vermelho directo para Nélson (76′).

 

Momentos

Filed under: Photos — looking4good @ 6:59 pm
 

Tarde – Luís de Montalvor

Filed under: Luís de Montalvor,poesia — looking4good @ 5:35 pm
Ardente, morna, a tarde que calcina,
como em quadrante a sombra que descora,
morre − baixo relevo que domina −
como um sol que sobre saibros se demora.

Inunda a terra a vaga de ouro: fina
chuva de sonho. Paira, ao longe, e chora
o olhar errado ao sol que já declina
sobre as palmeiras que o deserto implora.

A um zodíaco de fogo a tarde abrasa,
em terra de varão que o olhar esmalta.
− Estagnante plaino de ouro e rosas − vaza

nele a sombra, sem dor, que em nós começa
e galga, sobe, monta e vive e exalta.
E a noite, a grande noite, recomeça!

Luís de Montalvor (n. 31 Jan 1891; m. 2 Mar. 1947)

LUÍS DE MONTALVOR era o pseudónimo literário de Luís Filipe de Saldanha da Gama da Silva Ramos, que nasceu em São Vicente de Cabo Verde a 31 de Janeiro de 1891 e pereceu afogado no rio Tejo, em Lisboa, juntamente com a família, num acidente automóvel aparentemente suicida, a 2 de Março de 1947. Viveu no Brasil de 1912 a 1915 como secretário da embaixada de Portugal. De regresso, foi um dos fundadores da revista «Orpheu» (1915) e, mais tarde, da editorial Ática, que deu início à publicação sistemática das obras de Fernando Pessoa (1942) e Mário de Sá-Carneiro (1946). Os seus próprios versos seguem uma estética simbolista-decadentista, que revela influência do poeta francês Mallarmé.

Soneto e Nota biobliográfica extraídos de «A Circulatura do Quadrado – Alguns dos Mais Belos Sonetos de Poetas cuja Mátria É a Língua Portuguesa. Introdução, coordenação e notas de António Ruivo Mouzinho. Edições Unicepe – Cooperativa Livreira de Estudantes do Porto, 2004).

 

On this day in History – Mar. 02

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 3:46 pm
  • 0855 – Lothair dies (b. 0795). King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 0986 – Louis V becomes King of the Franks.
  • 1121 – Dirk VI becomes count of Holland.
  • 1316 – King Robert II of Scotland (1371-90) was born (d. 1390).
  • 1316 – Marjorie Bruce dies (b. 1296). Daughter of Robert I of Scotland
  • 1409 – John II of Alençon was born (d. 1476). French soldier.
  • 1459 – Pope Adrian VI [Adriaan F. Boeyens], was born in Netherlands (d. 1523). Pope (1522-23).
  • 1476 – D. Afonso V é derrotado em Toro pelo exército dos Reis Católicos.
  • 1498 – Vasco da Gama’s fleet visited Mozambique Island.
  • 1545 – Thomas Bodley was born (d.1613). English diplomat and library founder.
  • 1561 – El capitán Pedro del Castillo funda la ciudad argentina de Mendoza.
  • 1572 – Mem de Sá dies. Portuguese Governor-General of Brazil
  • 1578 – George Sandys was born (d. 1644). English colonist and poet.
  • 1589 – Alessandro Cardinal Farnese dies (b. 1520).Italian cardinal
  • 1705 – William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield was born (d. 1793). Scottish judge and politician.
  • 1717 – The Loves of Mars and Venus becomes the first ballet performed in England.
  • 1725 – George F. Handel’s opera “Giulio Cesare in Egitto” premiered in London.
  • 1725 – José Benito de Churriguera dies (b. 1665). Spanish architect and sculptor.
  • 1729 – Francesco Bianchini dies (b. 1662). Italian philosopher and scientist.
  • 1755 – Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon dies (b. 1675). French writer.
  • 1758 – Pierre Guérin de Tencin dies (b. 1679). French cardinal.
  • 1760 – Camille Desmoulins was born (d. 1794). French journalist and politician.
  • 1770 – Louis Gabriel Suchet was born (d. 1826). French marshal.
  • 1779 – Joel Roberts Poinsett was born (d. 1851). American statesman and botanist.
  • 1783 – Francisco Salzillo y Alcaraz dies. Sculptor and engineer.
  • 1791 – Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
  • 1791 – John Wesley dies (b. 1703). English founder of Methodism.
  • 1793 – Sam[uel] Houston was born in Rockbridge County, Virginia (d. 1863). President of the Republic of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44).
  • 1793 – Carl Gustaf Pilo dies. Swedish-born artist.
  • 1797 – Horace Walpole dies (b. 24 Sep 1717). English horror writer, novelist and playwright.
  • 1799 – Congress standardizes US weights & measures
  • 1800 – Evgeny Baratynsky was born (d. 1844). Russian poet.
  • 1807 – The U.S. Congress passes an act to “prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States … from any foreign kingdom, place, or country.”
  • 1808 – The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
  • 1810 – Pope Leo XIII [Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci] was born (d. 20 Jul 1903). Elected 256th pope on 20 February 1878.
  • 1815 – Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King.
  • 1816 – Alexander H. Bullock was born (d. 1882). 26th Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1819 – Territory of Arkansas organized.
  • 1820 – Multatuli was born (d. 1887). Dutch writer.
  • 1822 – Manuela Medina [ La Capitana] dies in Texcoco. Mexican heroin and revolucionary
  • 1822 – Capitulación del caudillo uruguayo Rivera ante las fuerzas portuguesas.
  • 1824 – Bedrich Smetana was born (d. 1884). Czech composer (Bartered Bride, Moldau).
  • 1929 – Congress creates Court of Customs & Patent Appeals
  • 1829 – Carl Schurz was born (d. 1906). German revolutionist and American statesman.
  • 1830 – Samuel Thomas von Sömmering dies (b. 1755). German physician.
  • 1835 – Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor dies (b. 1768).
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico on Sam Houston’s 43rd birthday.
  • 1836 – Henry Billings Brown was born (d. 1913). U.S. Supreme Court Justice.
  • 1840 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers (b. 11 Oct 1758). German astronomer and physician, born in Arbergen, Germany. While practising medicine at Bremen, he calculated the orbit of the comet of 1779, discovered the minor planets (asteroids) Pallas (1802) and Vesta (1807), and discovered five comets (all but one already observed at Paris).
  • 1842 – Carl Jacobsen was born (d. 1914). Danish brewer and patron of the arts after whom the Carlsberg brewery was named.
  • 1843 – Princess Maria Clotilde of Savoy was born (d. 1911)
  • 1849 – Robert Means Thompson was born (d. 1930). American naval officer.
  • 1855 – Alexander II becomes Tsar of Russia.
  • 1855 – Nicholas I of Russia dies (b. 1796). Emperor of Russia.
  • 1859 – Sholom Aleichem was born (d. 1916). Russian Yiddish novelist.
  • 1860 – Susanna M. Salter was born (d. 1961). Mayor of Argonia, Kansas.
  • 1862 – Boris Borisovich Galitzine was born (d. 1916). Russian physicist.
  • 1863 – The United States Congress authorizes track width of 4 ftin (1,435 mm) for Union Pacific Railroad
  • 1865 – British newspaper “Morning Chronicle” began publishing.
  • 1865 – Comienza en París la Conferencia Internacional para establecer un sistema de comunicaciones y de tarifas telegráficas.
  • 1865 – Carl Sylvius Völkner dies (b. 1819). German missionary to New Zealand.
  • 1866 – Excelsior Needle Company of Wolcottville, Connecticut began making sewing machine needles.
  • 1867 – The United States Congress passed the 1st Reconstruction Act
  • 1867 – Raúl Brandão was born in Foz do Douro, Porto (d. Lisbon 1930). Portuguese writer.
  • 1876 – Pope Pius XII [Eugenio Pacelli] was born (d. 09 Oct 1958). 260th pope (1939-1958).
  • 1877 – U.S. presidential election, 1876: The U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876 (Reconstruction ends).
  • 1878 – Ignacio Veintemilla se proclama dictador de la República de Ecuador por segunda vez.
  • 1878 – William Kissam Vanderbilt II was born (d. 1944). Member of the Vanderbilt family.
  • 1879 – John Eberhard Faber dies in New York (b. 6 Dec 1822). German industrialist, with his brother Lothar von Faber, went to the United States in 1849 and built a Faber manufacturing plant, the first large-scale American pencil factory.
  • 1880 – Sir John MacNeill dies (b. 1790). Irish civil engineer.
  • 1882 – Roderick Maclean tenta assassinar a rainha Vitória em Windsor.
  • 1886 – Willis O’Brien was born (d. 1962). American animator.
  • 1887 – August Wilhelm Eichler dies (b. 4 Apr 1839) German botanist who developed one of the first widely used natural systems of plant classification. He worked out the symmetry of the parts of a flower and developed a one of the first systems of plant classification .
  • 1887 – Harry E. Soref was born (d. 1 Mar 1957). Locksmith, inventor of the laminated steel padlock, and founder of Master Lock Company (1921).
  • 1888 – The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.
  • 1891 – Celebración en España de las primeras elecciones legislativas por sufragio universal.
  • 1892 – Ruy Coelho was born in Figueira da Foz (d. in Lisbon, 5 May 1986). Portuguese composer.
  • 1895 – Berthe Morisot dies (b. 1841). French Impressionist painter.
  • 1896 – Henri Becquerel reported his discovery of the penetrating rays of a uranium compound to the French Academy of Sciences. The photographic plate, fogged by these rays, showing the outline of a metal cross lying between the compound and the plate, is the first recognition of the effects later known as radioactivity.
  • 1896 – Ethiopia defeats Italy in the Battle of Adwa, marking the first victory of an African nation over a colonial power.
  • 1897 – Ernesto da Silva Guimarães was born. Brazilian writer.
  • 1898 – Amélia Rey Colaço was born (d. 8 Jul 1990). Portuguese actress and theater entrepreneur / Nasce Amélia Rey Colaço (m. 8 Jul 1990). Actriz, encenadora e empresária de teatro.
  • 1899 – In Washington State, USA, Mount Rainier National Park is established.
  • 1900 – António de Serpa Pimentel dies in Lisbon (d. 20 Nov 1825). Portuguese politician.
  • 1900 – Kurt Weill was born in Dessau (d. 1950). German composer (The Threepenny Opera), Brecht collaborator.
  • 1901 – The U.S. Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
  • 1902 – Moe Berg was born (d. 1972). American baseball player and spy .
  • 1902 – Edward Uhler Condon was born (d. 26 Mar 1974). American physicist for whom the Franck-Condon principle was named (1928) and who applied quantum mechanics to an understanding of atomic, molecular and nuclear structure .
  • 1903 – In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opens. The hotel featured 416 rooms and was the first hotel exclusively for women.
  • 1904 – Gabriele d’Annunzio’s “La figlia di Iorio” premiered in Milan.
  • 1904 – Theodore Seuss Geisel “Dr. Seuss” was born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 24 Sep 1991). Winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 1984 and three Academy Awards, Seuss was the author and illustrator of 44 children’s books, some of which have been made into audiocassettes, animated television specials, and videos for children of all ages.
  • 1908 – Gabriel Lippman introduced the new three-dimensional colour photography at the Academy of Sciences.
  • 1908 – Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov was born (d. 1968). Yakut-born Soviet sniper.
  • 1908 – Walter Bruch was born (d. 1990). German engineer.
  • 1909 – Mel Ott was born (d. 1958). American baseball player.
  • 1910 – 2 trains crash in snow storm in Wellington WA, 118 die.
  • 1913 – Georgii Nikolaevich Flerov was born (d. 19 Nov 1990). Russian scientist who, in 1941, recognized that uranium undergoes spontaneous fission (needing no neutron bombardment). He was one of the early Russian investigators of nuclear fission.
  • 1913 – Godfried Bomans was born (d. 1971). Dutch author and television personality.
  • 1913 – Celedonio Romero was born (d. 1996). Spanish guitarist.
  • 1913 – Mort Cooper was born (d. 1958). American baseball player.
  • 1914 – Martin Ritt was born (d. 1990). American director.
  • 1915 – O aumento do preço do pão provocou tumultos e assaltos em todo o território português.
  • 1916 – El poeta español Juan Ramón Jiménez contrae matrimonio con Zenobia Camprubi en Nueva York.
  • 1917 – The enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act grants Puerto Ricans, United States citizenship.
  • 1917 (O.S.) – Nicholas II of Russia abdicates the throne in favor of his brother Michael.
  • 1917 – Desi Arnaz was born (d. 1986). Cuban-born actor, bandleader, musician, singer/actor (Ricky Ricardo-I Love Lucy).
  • 1917 – Jim Konstanty was born (d. 1976). American baseball player.
  • 1917 – David Goodis was born (d. 1967). American writer.
  • 1918 – Sidónio Pais assiste a uma missa na Sé de Lisboa, reconciliando o regime com a Igreja.
  • 1918 – Peter O’Sullevan was born. Irish horse racing commentator.
  • 1919 – The first Communist International meets in Moscow.
  • 1919 – Jennifer Jones was born. Academy Award-winning actress (The Song of Bernadette [1943], Carrie, Love is a Many-Splendored Thing, The Towering Inferno) .
  • 1919 – Tamara Toumanova was born (d. 1996). Russian ballerina and actress.
  • 1921 – King Nicholas I of Montenegro dies (b. 1841) .
  • 1921 – Champ Clark dies (b. 1850). American politician.
  • 1923 – Time magazine made its debut.
  • 1923 – Orrin Keepnews was born. American writer and critic.
  • 1923 – Robert H. Michel was born. American politician
  • 1923 – Doc Watson was born. Bluegrass singer-musician.
  • 1925 – Secretary of Agriculture approves first list of United States Numbered Highways
  • 1926 – Murray Rothbard was born (d. 1995). American economist.
  • 1927 – Roger Walkowiak was born. French cyclist.
  • 1928 – Father John Romanides was born (d. 2001). Greek priest and professor.
  • 1929 – Jones Act attempts to strengthen Prohibition. Congress passes the Jones Act, the last effort at enforcing Prohibition. Since 1920, when the Eighteenth Amendment went into effect, the United States had banned the production, importation, and sale of alcoholic beverages; but the laws were ineffective at actually preventing the consumption of alcohol. The Jones Act served to strengthen the federal penalties for bootlegging.
  • 1930 – Emma Penella was born (d. 2007). Spanish actress.
  • 1930 – John Cullum was born. American actor and singer
  • 1930 – D. H. Lawrence dies of tuberculosis in a sanitarium in Vence, France (b. 1885). Writer.
  • 1931 – Mikhail Gorbachev was born. President of the Soviet Union, responsible for restructuring the Soviet economy (perestroika) and openness and information (glasnost). He was recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize .
  • 1931 – Tom Wolfe was born. American journalist and author (Right Stuff) .
  • 1933 – King Kong, the film directed by Meriam C. Cooper, premieres in New York City.
  • 1934 – Paul Joseph Cohen was born. American mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1966 for his proof of the independence of the continuum hypothesis from the other axioms of set theory.
  • 1935 – Al Waxman was born (d. 2001). Canadian actor.
  • 1936 – Belfast boxer Jimmy Warnock beat Benny Lynch the undisputed world flyweight boxing champion.
  • 1937 – The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signs a surprise collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry.
  • 1937 – Jose Pena Gomez was born in Valverde, Dominican Republic (d.1998 ). Advocate for the poor and later mayor of Santo Domingo.
  • 1937 – José Francisco Guerrero was born. Salvadoran politician.
  • 1937 – Valentina Nikolayeva-Tereshkova was born. Russian astronaut who became the first woman to orbit the Earth on Vostok 6.
  • 1938 – Ricardo Lagos Escobar was born. Presidente of Chile .
  • 1938 – Lawrence Payton was born (d. 1997). American singer and sngwriter (The Four Tops)
  • 1938 – Ben Harney dies (b. 1871). US composer and ragtime pianist.
  • 1939 – Howard Carter dies (b. 9 May 1873). British archaeologist who made one of the richest and most celebrated contributions to Egyptology: the discovery (1922) of the largely intact tomb of King Tutankhamen.
  • 1939 – Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected Pope and takes the name Pius XII.
  • 1939 – Barbara Luna was born. Actress.
  • 1940 – Elmer Fudd makes his debut in the cartoon Elmer’s Candid Camera.
  • 1940 – Tony Croatto was born (d. 2005). Italian-born singer and composer.
  • 1940 – Ricardo Miró dies (b. 1883). Panamanian poet.
  • 1941 – World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
  • 1941 – Jon Finch was born. Actor.
  • 1942 – 14th Academy Awards: “How Green was My Valley”, Gary Cooper & Joan Fontaine win .
  • 1942 – Peter Guber was born. American film producer
  • 1942 – Luc Plamondon was born. French Canadian lyricist
  • 1942 – John Irving was born in Exeter, New Hampshire. American author (The World According to Garp; The Hotel New Hampshire, Cider House Rules, A Prayer for Owen Meaney… ) .
  • 1942 – Lou Reed was born. American singer and guitarist(singer, songwriter, guitarist: group: Velvet Underground; solo: Walk on the Wild Side, Charley’s Girl; I Love You Suzanne; appeared in Paul Simon film: One Trick Pony) .
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of the Bismarck SeaUnited States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.
  • 1943 – 173 people die in the Bethnal Green Tube Disaster, London, the worst civilian disaster of World War 2.
  • 1943 – Peter Straub was born. American author.
  • 1943 – Zygfryd Blaut was born (d. 2005). Polish footballer.
  • 1943 – Claude Larose was born. French Canadian ice hockey player.
  • 1943 – Tony Meehan was born (d. 2005). English drummer (The Shadows).
  • 1944 – 16th Academy Awards: The Outstanding Motion Picture was “Casablanca”, directed by Michael Curtiz, who won an Oscar. Best Actor of 1943 was Paul Lukas for “Watch on the Rhine” and Best Actor in a Supporting Role was Charles Coburn for “The More the Merrier”. The Best Actress award was presented to twenty-four-year-old Jennifer Jones for “The Song of Bernadette” and Best Actress in a Supporting Role was Katina Paxinou in “For Whom the Bell Tolls”.
  • 1944 – Uschi Glas was born. German actress.
  • 1944 – Alejandro Aura was born. Mexican poet and dramatist.
  • 1944 – Daniel de Sá was born. Portuguese writer.
  • 1945 – Emily Carr dies (b. 1871). Canadian artist.
  • 1946 – Ho Chi Minh the Vietnamese Communist leader is elected the President of the short-lived Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam).
  • 1946 – Fidél Pálffy dies (b. 1895). Hungarian Nazi.
  • 1947 – Harry Redknapp was born. English football manager
  • 1947 – Nelson Ned was born. Brasilian singer.
  • 1947 – Luís de Montalvor [Luís da Silva Ramos] dies in Lisbon (b. in S. Vicente, Cape Vert, 31 de Jan 1891 ). Portuguese editor and poet.
  • 1948 – Larry Carlton was born. American guitarist
  • 1948 – R. T. Crowley was born. Writer, pioneer of EDI (Electronic Data Interchange).
  • 1948 – Rory Gallagher was born (d. 1995). Irish guitarist.
  • 1948 – Jeff Kennett was born. Australian politician, Victorian premier.
  • 1949 – Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute.
  • 1949 – A US B-50 Superfortress, the Lucky Lady II, lands at Fort Worth, Texas, completing the first nonstop round-the-world flight.
  • 1949 – Soft-coal strike in US. The US’s soft-coal workers, led by United Mine Workers chief John L. Lewis, hit the picket line to protest the recent appointment of Dr. James Boyd as the head of the Federal Bureau of Mines.
  • 1949 – The first automatic street light was installed in New Milford, Connecticut.
  • 1949 – Alain Chamfort was born. French singer
  • 1949 – Gates McFadden was born. American actress
  • 1949 – Eddie Money was born. American singer
  • 1949 – J. P. R. Williams was born. Welsh rugby union footballer
  • 1950 – Jeffrey Chodorow was born. American restaurateur and financier
  • 1950 – Karen Carpenter was born (d. 1983). American singer and drummer (The Carpenters).
  • 1951 – Cassie Yates was born. American actress.
  • 1951 – Roberto Dañino Zapata, nacimiento de, peruano, Vicepresidente Senior del Banco Mundial.
  • 1952 – Laraine Newman was born. American actress and comedian .
  • 1952 – Mark Evanier was born. American writer.
  • 1953 – The Academy Awards are first broadcast on television by NBC.
  • 1953 – Russ Feingold was born. American politician.
  • 1953 – Jim Lightbody dies (b. 1882). American middle-distance runner.
  • 1955 – the William Inge play “Bus Stop” opened at the Music Box Theatre in New York
  • 1955 – King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit.
  • 1955 – Jay Osmond was born. American pop star / drummer (The Osmonds)
  • 1955 – Shoko Asahara was born. Japanese cult leader.
  • 1955 – Ken Salazar was born. American politician
  • 1956 – Morocco declares its independence from France.
  • 1956 – John Cowsill was born. Musician/drummer, singer, The Cowsills and The Beach Boys .
  • 1956 – Mark Evans was born. Australian bassist of AC/DC .
  • 1958 – Antartic crossed for the first time by Dr Vivian Fuchs
  • 1958 – Yemen announces that it will join the United Arab Republic .
  • 1958 – Ian Woosnam was born. Welsh golfer
  • 1958 – Kevin Curren was born. South African tennis player.
  • 1958 – Fred Merkle dies (b. 1888). American baseball figure.
  • 1958 – Peter Arnold was born. American architect.
  • 1959 – Miles Davis holds the first recording session for Kind of Blue at Columbia 30th Street Studio in New York, NY.
  • 1959 – Larry Stewart was born. Country singer (Restless Heart)
  • 1959 – Eric Blore dies (b. 1887). English actor.
  • 1960 – Stanisław Taczak dies (b. 1874). Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising (1918-1919) against the Germans.
  • 1961 – Simone Young was born. Australian conductor.
  • 1962 – In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup.
  • 1962 – In Hershey, Pennsylvania, Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia 76ers scores 100 points against the New York Knicks, breaking several National Basketball Association records.
  • 1962 – Jon Bon Jovi was born. Amercian musician (Bon Jovi)
  • 1962 – Al Del Greco was born. American football player
  • 1962 – Morioka Hiroyuki was born. Japanese writer
  • 1962 – Michael Salinger was born. American Poet
  • 1962 – Scott Sterling was born. American musician (Scott La Rock)
  • 1962 – Raimo Summanen was born. Finnish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1962 – Charles de la Vallée Poussin dies. Belgian mathematician.
  • 1963 – Release of Please Please Me in the United Kingdom, the first LP from The Beatles.
  • 1963 – Tanyu Kiryakov was born. Bulgarian pistol shooter.
  • 1963 – Tuff Hedeman was born. American bull rider
  • 1964 – Megan Leigh was born (d. 1990). American actress.
  • 1964 – Mike Von Erich was born (d. 1987). American professional wrestler.
  • 1965 – the movie version of Rodgers and Hammerstein’s musical “The Sound of Music” had its world premiere at New York’s Rivoli Theater.
  • 1965 – Bombing of North Vietnam starts. Operation Rolling Thunder begins with more than 100 United States Air Force jet bombers striking an ammunition depot at Xom Bang, 10 miles inside North Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Lembit Öpik was born. British politician
  • 1965 – Ron Gant was born. American baseball player
  • 1966 – A Canadian Pacific Airlines DC-8 crashes on landing at Tokyo’s Haneda Airport in a thunderstorm one day before the crash of BOAC Flight 911 from the same location.
  • 1967 – 9th Grammy Awards: Strangers in Night & Michele win.
  • 1967 – José Martínez Ruiz dies (b. 1873). Spanish poet and writer.
  • 1968 – World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Geneva won by Lyudmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov (USSR). Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Peggy Fleming (USA). Men’s Figure Skating Championship won by Emmerich Danzer (Austria).
  • 1968 – Daniel Craig was born. English actor.
  • 1969 – In Toulouse, France the first test flight of the Concorde is conducted.
  • 1969 – Soviet and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the Ussuri River.
  • 1969 – the Concorde SST Supersonic jet aircraft made its maiden flight.
  • 1970 – Rhodesia declares itself a republic, breaking its last links with the British crown.
  • 1970 – American Airlines’ first flight of a Boeing 747.
  • 1970 – Marc-Aurèle Fortin dies (b. 1888). Quebec painter.
  • 1971 – Bangladesh se declara independiente de Pakistán.1970 American Airlines’ first flight of a Boeing 747.
  • 1971 – Dave Gorman was born. English documentary comedian
  • 1971 – Elizabeth Lackey was born. American actress.
  • 1972 – The Pioneer 10 spaceprobe is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with a mission to explore the outer planets.
  • 1972 – Jean-Bédel Bokassa appointed himself President for life of Central African Republic.
  • 1972 – Amber Smith was born in Tampa, Florida. American actress and model
  • 1973 – Arab commandos, “Black September” terrorists, led by Abu Jihad executed 3 hostages in Khartoum, Sudan, after Pres. Nixon refused their demands. US ambassador Cleo A. Noel, deputy George Curtis Moore and Belgian charge d’affaires Guy Eid.
  • 1973 – Trevor Sinclair was born. English footballer.
  • 1973 – Dejan Bodiroga was born. Serbian basketball player.
  • 1973 – Cleo A. Noel, Jr. dies (b. 1918). US Chief of Mission to Sudan.
  • 1974 – 16th Grammy Awards: Killing Me Softly & Bette Midler win. Stevie Wonder got five Grammy Awards for his album, “Innervisions” and his hit songs, “You Are The Sunshine of My Life” and “Superstition”.
  • 1974 – The worldwide hit single Seasons in the Sun first hits #1 on the U.S. Billboard charts.
  • 1974 – Grand jury concludes President Nixon is involved in Watergate cover-up
  • 1974 – Monika Niederstätter was born. Italian athlete.
  • 1974 – Hayley Lewis was born. Australian swimmer.
  • 1974 – Salvador Puig Antich dies (b. 1948). Spanish anarchist.
  • 1975 – Josiah Mwangi Kariuki dies (b. 1929). Kenyan politician.
  • 1976 – Casey was born. Rock musician (Jimmie’s Chicken Shack).
  • 1976 – Glenn Rubenstein was born. American writer and journalist
  • 1977 – Bette Davis is 1st woman to receive Life Achievement Award.
  • 1977 – Los líderes comunistas europeos se reúnen en Madrid.
  • 1977 – Chris Martin was born. British musician (Coldplay).
  • 1977 – Andrew Strauss was born. English cricketer.
  • 1977 – Heather McComb was born. American actress.
  • 1977 – Jay Gibbons was born. American baseball player
  • 1978 – Czech Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space, when he is launched aboard Soyuz 28.
  • 1978 – Claudio Sanchez was born. American musician (Coheed and Cambria)
  • 1978 – Giannis Skopelitis was born. Greek footballer.
  • 1978 – Edward Griffith Begle dies (b. 27 Nov 1914). American mathematician, a topologist, who was a leader in the development of “new math” after the launch of the Sputnik satellite by the Soviet Union in 1957 raised concerns about the adequacy of science and mathematics education in American schools.
  • 1978 – João Cabral do Nascimento dies in Lisbon (b. 22 Mar. 1897). Portuguese poet.
  • 1979 – Christy Ring ies (b. 1920). Irish hurler.
  • 1979 – Damien Duff was born. Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Édson Nobre was born. Angolan footballer
  • 1980 – Lance Cade was born. American professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Bryce Dallas Howard was born. American actress .
  • 1982 – Kevin Kurányi was born. German footballer.
  • 1982 – Henrik Lundqvist was born. Swedish hockey player.
  • 1982 – Ben Roethlisberger was born. American football player.
  • 1982 – Corey Webster was born. American football player.
  • 1982 – Philip K. Dick dies (b. 1928). Science fiction writer,
  • 1983 – Glen Perkins was born. American baseball player
  • 1983 – Lisandro Lopez was born. Argentinian footballer (FC Porto).
  • 1984 – Elizabeth Jagger was born. English model and actress
  • 1985 – El Presidente de Pakistán, Mohamed Zia Ulk Haq, anuncia el restablecimiento de la Constitución, derogada tras un golpe de estado.
  • 1985 – TV anime series Mobile Suit Z Gundum broadcasts its first episode in Japan.
  • 1985 – Robert Iler was born. American actor
  • 1985 – Reggie Bush was born. American football player
  • 1985 – Luke Pritchard was born. British singer (The Kooks)
  • 1986 – The British Queen signs a proclamation giving Australia legal independence .
  • 1986 – Corazon Aquino was sworn into office as president of the Philipines. Her first public declaration was to restore the civil rights of the citizens of her country.
  • 1987 – Chrysler acquires American Motors .
  • 1987 – Randolph Scott dies (b. 1898). American actor and director.
  • 1988 – 30th Grammy Awards : Graceland, Joshua Tree, Jody Watley win. Best Pop Vocal Performance Female was Whitney Houston and Male was Sting.
  • 1988 – Markéta Irglová was born. Czech songwriter and actress.
  • 1988 – Nadine Samonte was born. Filipino actress.
  • 1988 – Keith Jack was born. British singer and actor
  • 1988 – Bruno Pereirinha was born. Portuguese footballer (Sporting C. P.).
  • 1989 – Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.
  • 1989 – Liam Hogan was born. Comedian .
  • 1989 – Will Makar was born. American singer
  • 1990 – Nelson Mandela elected deputy President of the African National Congress.
  • 1991 – Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings end to the 1991 Gulf War.
  • 1991 – Serge Gainsbourg dies (b. 1928). French singer, composer and actor
  • 1992 – Uzbekistan joins the United Nations.
  • 1992 – Moldova joins the UN.
  • 1992 – Sandy Dennis dies in Westport, Connecticut at age 54. Actress .
  • 1992 – The U.N. General Assembly welcomed eight former Soviet republics and San Marino as its newest members.
  • 1994 – Sofía de Grecia Reina de España recibe el Premio Wiesenthal de Derechos Humanos por su compromiso continuo en favor de la tolerancia y de la lucha contra el antisemitismo y el racismo.
  • 1994 – Anita Morris dies (b. 1943). American actress.
  • 1995 – Nick Leeson is arrested for his role in the collapse of Barings Bank.
  • 1995 – Yahoo! is incorporated, establishing the Internet Portal as a model.
  • 1995 – Ferry boat sinks off Sumbe Angola, 42+ killed .
  • 1996 – John Howard is appointed as Prime Minister of Australia.
  • 1996 – Establishment of Ranabima Royal College, Kandy, Sri Lanka.
  • 1996 – All members of Brazilian rock band Mamonas Assassinas die in a plane crash near São Paulo / Falecem, num acidente aéreo, os integrantes do conjunto musical “Mamonas Assassinas”.
  • 1996 – Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic is reelected president of the Socialist Party of Serbia by 1795 out of 1799 party delegates. Milosevic’s government continues to hinder opposition parties, which nevertheless gain increasing support.
  • 1996 – Jacobo Majluta dies at 61. President of Dominican Republic (1982).
  • 1997 – Saudi Arab billionaire Prince al-Waleed bin Talal aquires 5% of Apple Computer
  • 1997 – Nick Faldo wins Nissan Golf Open .
  • 1997 – Carson Mark dies (b. 6 Jul 1913). Canadian-born American scientist who, as head of the theoretical division at the Los Alamos (N.M.) Scientific Laboratory, was instrumental in the development of the hydrogen bomb.
  • 1997 – Bloodshed dies (b. 1975). American rapper.
  • 1998 – US Justice Department files antitrust brief against Microsoft The Justice Department declared an antitrust war on Microsoft on this day in 1998. The department filed a court brief alleging that Microsoft’s Windows 95 licensing requirements violated the terms of a 1995 settlement and that its practice of bundling its Web browser with Windows 95 stifled competition.
  • 1998 – Data sent from the Galileo spaceprobe indicates that Jupiter‘s moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.
  • 1998 – El presidente del Gobierno central de Nicaragua, Arnold Alemán, alcanza una victoria muy ajustada en las elecciones parlamentarias regionales, que tuvieron una abstención del 50%.
  • 1998 – Data sent from the Galileo space probe indicates that Jupiter‘s moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.
  • 1999 – David Ackles dies (b. 1937). American singer and songwriter.
  • 1999 – Dusty Springfield dies (b. 1939). English singer (“You Don’t Have to Say You Love Me”, “Wishin’ and Hopin’”, “The Look of Love”, “Son of a Preacher Man”).
  • 2000 – O ex-ditador chileno, General Augusto Pinochet deixa a Grã-Bretanha e volta ao seu país, horas após ter sido declarado mentalmente incapaz de ser julgado por abuso aos direitos humanos.
  • 2001 – John Diamond dies (b. 1953). British journalist.
  • 2001 – The Taliban began the destruction of ancient Budha statues in Afghanistan.
  • 2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins, ending on March 19) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters, with 11 allied troop fatalities.
  • 2003 – The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University.
  • 2003 – Hank Ballard dies (b. 1927). American singer, composer .
  • 2003 – Malcolm Williamson dies (b. 1931). Australian composer.
  • 2004 – Voters in the U.S. state of Georgia vote on a referendum concerning its Confederacy-derived flag.
  • 2004 – Disgruntled by the state’s education act (Act 60), residents of Killington, Vermont vote to become part of New Hampshire.
  • 2004 – War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.
  • 2004 – War in Iraq: A United Nations report from the weapons inspection teams states that Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction of any significance after 1994, despite US President George W. Bush‘s and Prime Minister Blair’s objection to the contrary before the invasion.
  • 2004 – Cormac McAnallen dies (b. 1980). Northern Irish Gaelic footballer.
  • 2004 – Mercedes McCambridge dies (b. 1918). Actress (b. 1918), Oscar winner for All the King’s Men; later became the raspy voice of demon-possessed girl in The Exorcist.
  • 2004 – Marge Schott dies (b. 1928). Former owner of the Cincinnati Reds.
  • 2005 – Randy Moss gets traded from the Minnesota Vikings to the Oakland Raiders.
  • 2005 – The number of U.S. military deaths in Iraq reached 1,500.
  • 2005 – The woman who accused NBA star Kobe Bryant of rape settled her lawsuit against him, ending the case.
  • 2005 – Rick Mahler dies (b. 1953). American baseball player.
  • 2005 – Martin Denny dies (b. 1911). American musician.
  • 2006 – Sir Menzies Campbell is elected the new leader of the United Kingdom Liberal Democrats.
  • 2006 – Milton Katims dies (b. 1909). American violist and conductor.
  • 2006 – Jack Wild dies (b. 1952). British actor.
  • 2007 – Ivan Safronov dies (b. 1956). Russian journalist.
  • 2007 – Clem Labine dies (b. 1926). American baseball player.
  • 2007 – Thomas S. Kleppe dies (b. 1919). U.S. politician.
  • 2007 – Henri Troyat dies (b. 1911). French writer, dean of the Académie française.
  • Bahá’í Faith – Feast of ‘Alá (Loftiness) – First day of the 19th month of the Bahá’í calendar.
  • Texas Independence Day (1836).
  • Brazil – Tourism Nacional Day