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Macedonia name-dispute: Open Letter to U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice Fevereiro 25, 2008

Filed under: peace,Political — looking4good @ 10:41 pm

Open Letter to Condoleezza Rice, U.S. Secretary of State, Washington D.C., regarding the name-dispute between Greece and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

Copied from the Pan-Macedonian Association USA.

Dear Madame Secretary:

On behalf of the nation-wide membership of the undersigned organizations we write to you to express our strong concerns regarding the administration’s continuing failure to properly address the name issue regarding the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) as it relates to our interests and that of our most important ally in the Balkans Greece. The U.S. has important interests in Southeast Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean. The projection of U.S. interests in the region depends heavily on the stability of the region. Therefore, the U.S. has an important stake in fostering good relations among neighboring countries in the region.

To this effect, Greece is of vital importance in the region by virtue of among other factors, its geographic location and by being home to the most important naval base in the Mediterranean Sea, Souda Bay, Crete. There are thousands of visits by U.S. military ships and planes to Souda Bay and its adjacent air base annually. This sentiment has been expressed several times by our government in the past few years, by President Bush and by you, Madame Secretary.

Stability in the Balkans is not only critical for overall U.S. interests, but also because it serves the interests of every country in the Balkans. Greece is by far the most stable country, politically and economically, in the Balkans and the biggest investor with over 22 billions dollars. By contrast, FYROM is of limited significance to the national security interests of the United States.

Yet, FYROM continues to provoke Greece, usurping history which has been Hellenic for thousands of years, while FYROM refuses to negotiate in good faith over the name issue. Unfortunately, actions over the years such as distortion of geographic maps, naming its airport “Alexander the Great,” revisionist textbooks in schools, and inflammatory comments by top government officials, encourages new generations in FYROM to cultivate hostile sentiments against Greece. Further, this continuing systematic government policy will hinder FYROM’s accession to both the EU and NATO. This is the real threat to stability in the Balkans, to the detriment of U.S. interests.

We wish to remind you that currently there are over 100 members of the Congress who have signed onto H.Res. 356, calling on FYROM to cease it “hostile activities or propaganda” against Greece. As you prepare to meet today with Greece’s Foreign Minister, Dora Bakoyianni, we know that a main topic on the agenda will be the FYROM name issue and how this continuing unresolved issue threatens the forthcoming expected application of FYROM to join NATO. Since this issue first arose back in the year 1991-1992 the Greek American community has been against a permanent name for the neighboring state which would include the name Macedonia/Macedonian. The U.S. supports FYROM’s admission to NATO. Greece obviously objects to admission without a resolution to the name issue, and has stated it will use their veto, if necessary, which Greece is within her rights to exercise.

The immediate settlement of the name issue, in a way that is acceptable to Greece, will allow the United States’ strongest ally in the Balkans to be the driving force for FYROM’s membership to NATO and ultimately to the European Union FYROM’s “passport” to NATO and the European Union is Greece. Therefore, we call upon you, Madame Secretary, to please use your influence with FYROM to impress upon them to negotiate in good faith with Greece to resolve the name issue that would clearly differentiate that country from, Macedonia the northern province of Greece and its Hellenic history and for FYROM to cease immediately their irredentist propaganda against Greece, which violates the UN-brokered Interim Accord, as stated in Article 7 paragraph 1 of the Accord, signed in New York on September 13 1995 between FYROM and Greece. Only in this way will the interests of all parties be satisfied.

We write to you in the interests of the United States and for the support of our long-time and loyal ally Greece, who is our most important strategic partner in the region and the key country for stability in the region.

Respectfully yours.

 

Óscars do futebol português

Filed under: football,Futebol,Humor,Oscars — looking4good @ 10:03 pm
«Ai que saudades da minha casinha» – Óscar para o melhor realizador : Sporting Clube de Portugal (que fora perde os pontinhos todos).

«Golos para todos os gostos» – Óscar para o melhor actor – Lisandro Lopez, melhor marcador do campeonato.

«Score because I’m sleeping», em português «Marca que eu estou a dormir» – Óscar para o melhor actor secundário – Luís Filipe (Benfica); the other nominee was – o outro nomeado foi – Rui Patrício (Sporting)

Óscar para o melhor argumento – Manuel Machado, treinador do Sporting de Braga, que com as suas declarações consegue converter as análises a um jogo de futebol no maior e mais complexo compêndio literário (nem sei como é que os jogadores conseguem perceber o que ele quer!).

Óscar para o melhor filme de acção – Scolari – e o seu famoso murro em defesa de Quaresma

Óscar para a melhor acção de solidariedade – União de Leiria – ai que bom… dou os pontos todos aos outros, mesmo que eu seja o mais pobre

Óscar para a melhor montagem – «O apito dourado» : Tanto merece o prémio que nunca mais desmontam o filme…

Óscar para a melhor actriz principal – Carolina Salgado – in «Brad Pinto de Rio Tinto» (ver trailer em seguida).

 

Óscars do futebol português

Filed under: football,Futebol,Humor,Oscars — looking4good @ 10:03 pm
«Ai que saudades da minha casinha» – Óscar para o melhor realizador : Sporting Clube de Portugal (que fora perde os pontinhos todos).

«Golos para todos os gostos» – Óscar para o melhor actor – Lisandro Lopez, melhor marcador do campeonato.

«Score because I’m sleeping», em português «Marca que eu estou a dormir» – Óscar para o melhor actor secundário – Luís Filipe (Benfica); the other nominee was – o outro nomeado foi – Rui Patrício (Sporting)

Óscar para o melhor argumento – Manuel Machado, treinador do Sporting de Braga, que com as suas declarações consegue converter as análises a um jogo de futebol no maior e mais complexo compêndio literário (nem sei como é que os jogadores conseguem perceber o que ele quer!).

Óscar para o melhor filme de acção – Scolari – e o seu famoso murro em defesa de Quaresma

Óscar para a melhor acção de solidariedade – União de Leiria – ai que bom… dou os pontos todos aos outros, mesmo que eu seja o mais pobre

Óscar para a melhor montagem – «O apito dourado» : Tanto merece o prémio que nunca mais desmontam o filme…

Óscar para a melhor actriz principal – Carolina Salgado – in «Brad Pinto de Rio Tinto» (ver trailer em seguida).

 

De Tarde – Cesário Verde

Filed under: Cesário Verde,poesia — looking4good @ 1:13 am

Campo de papoilas
Na passagem do 153º aniversário de Cesário Verde

Naquele pic-nic de burguesas,
Houve uma coisa simplesmente bela,
E que, sem ter historia nem grandezas,
Em todo o caso dava uma aguarela.

Foi quando tu, descendo do burrico.
Foste colher, sem impostutras tolas,
A um granzoal azul de grão-de-bico
Um ramalhete rubro de papoulas.

Pouco depois, em cima duns penhascos,
Nós acampámos, inda o Sol se via;
E houve talhadas de melão, damascos,
E pão de ló molhado em malvasia.

Mas, todo púrpuro a sair da renda
Dos teus dois seios como duas rolas,
Era supremo encanto da merenda
O ramalhete rubro das papoulas!

José Joaquim Cesário Verde ( n. em Lisboa a 25 de Fev 1855; m. Lisboa, 19 Jul 1886).

Ler ainda do mesmo autor:
Nothingandall: Lúbrica – Cesário Verde
Nothingandall: CONTRARIEDADES – Cesário Verde
Nothingandall: Ave – Maria – Cesário Verde
Nothingandall: Eu e Ela – Cesário Verde

 

De Tarde – Cesário Verde

Filed under: Cesário Verde,poesia — looking4good @ 1:13 am

Campo de papoilas
Na passagem do 153º aniversário de Cesário Verde

Naquele pic-nic de burguesas,
Houve uma coisa simplesmente bela,
E que, sem ter historia nem grandezas,
Em todo o caso dava uma aguarela.

Foi quando tu, descendo do burrico.
Foste colher, sem impostutras tolas,
A um granzoal azul de grão-de-bico
Um ramalhete rubro de papoulas.

Pouco depois, em cima duns penhascos,
Nós acampámos, inda o Sol se via;
E houve talhadas de melão, damascos,
E pão de ló molhado em malvasia.

Mas, todo púrpuro a sair da renda
Dos teus dois seios como duas rolas,
Era supremo encanto da merenda
O ramalhete rubro das papoulas!

José Joaquim Cesário Verde ( n. em Lisboa a 25 de Fev 1855; m. Lisboa, 19 Jul 1886).

Ler ainda eo mesmo autor:
Nothingandall: Lúbrica – Cesário Verde
Nothingandall: CONTRARIEDADES – Cesário Verde
Nothingandall: Ave – Maria – Cesário Verde
Nothingandall: Eu e Ela – Cesário Verde

 

On this day in History – Feb. 25

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 1:06 am
  • 0138 – The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor.
  • 1246 – Dafydd ap Llywelyn dies. Prince of Gwynedd
  • 1398 – Xuande was born (d. 1435). Emperor of China.
  • 1522 – William Lilye dies. English classical scholar
  • 1536 – Berthold Haller dies (b. 1492). German-born reformer.
  • 1553 – Hirate Masahide dies : suicide (b. 1492). Japanese retainer and the tutor of Oda Nobunaga.
  • 1554 – Lautaro, líder mapuche ataca Concepción (Chile).
  • 1558 – Eleanor of Austria dies (b. 1498). Queen of Portugal and France.
  • 1570 – Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1577 – King Eric XIV of Sweden dies (b. 1533) .
  • 1591 – Friedrich von Spee was born (b. 1635). German writer.
  • 1601 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, English politician, is executed for treason in revolt against Queen Elizabeth (b. 1566).
  • 1634 – Albrecht von Wallenstein dies (b. 1583). Austrian general.
  • 1643 – New World: Dutch massacre of friendly Indians at Pavonia, near present-day Hackensack, New Jersey, is ordered by William Kieft, Governor of New Netherlands. 120 Wecquaesgeek men, women and children asleep in their wigwams die
  • 1643 – Ahmed II was born (d. 1695). Ottoman Sultan.
  • 1643 – Marco da Gagliano dies (b. 1582). Italian composer.
  • 1655 – Daniel Heinsius dies (b. 1580). Flemish scholar.
  • 1663 – Pierre Antoine Motteux was born (d. 1718). French-born English dramatist.
  • 1682 – Giovanni Battista Morgagni was born (d. 5 Dec 1771). Italian anatomist and pathologist whose works helped make anatomy an exact science. His early studies of particularly the throat, and the sinus and hydatid of Morgagni in this region perpetuate his name.
  • 1682 – Alessandro Stradella dies (b. 1644). Italian composer.
  • 1692 – Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz was born (d. 1775). German adventurer and writer.
  • 1707 – Carlo Goldoni was born (d. 1793). Italian writer.
  • 1713 – King Frederick I of Prussia dies (b. 1657).
  • 1714 – René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou was born (d. 1792). Chancellor of France
  • 1714 – Hyde Parker was born (d. 1782). British admiral.
  • 1715 – Pu Songling was born (d. 1640). Chinese writer.
  • 1723 – Sir Christopher Wren dies (b. 20 Oct 1632). English architect, astronomer, and geometrician.
  • 1725 – Karl Wilhelm Ramler was born (d. 1798). German poet.
  • 1752 – John Graves Simcoe was born (d. 1806). First Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada.
  • 1756 – Eliza Haywood dies (b. 1693). English actress and writer.
  • 1778 – José de San Martín was born (17 Aug 1850). Argentine general, liberator of Spanish South America along with Simón Bolívar.
  • 1793 – George Washington holds the first Cabinet meeting as President of the United States.
  • 1797 – Colonel William Tate and his force of 1000-1500 French surrender two days after the Last Invasion of Britain
  • 1798 – Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais dies (b. 1716). French diplomat and writer.
  • 1805 – Thomas Pownall dies (b. 1722). British colonial statesman.
  • 1814 – Taras Shevchenko was born in Morintsy, Ukraine of the Russian Empire, he becomes the foremost Ukrainian poet of the 19th century & a major figure of the Ukrainian national revival.
  • 1831 – Friedrich Maximilian Klinger dies (b. 1752). German writer.
  • 1836 – Samuel Colt receives an American patent for the Colt revolver.
  • 1836 – US Showman Phineas Taylor Barnum exhibits African American slave Joice Heth.
  • 1837 – The first practical electric motor in the US is patented by Thomas Davenport.
  • 1841 – Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in Limoges (d. 1919). French impressionist painter, graphic artist and sculptor.
  • 1842 – Karl May was born (d. 1912). German author of travel and adventure stories, dealing with desert Arabs or American Indians in the Old West.
  • 1842 – Ida Z. Lewis was born (d. 24 Oct 1911). American heroine keeper of Lime Rock Lighthouse.
  • 1845 – George Reid was born (d. 1918). Fourth Prime Minister of Australia.
  • 1850 – Daoguang dies (b. 1782). Emperor of China.
  • 1852 – Thomas Moore dies (b. 1779). Irish poet.
  • 1855 – Cesário Verde was born in Lisbon (d. 1886). Portuguese poet / Cesário Verde, nascia em Lisboa (m. 19 Jul 1886). Poeta português. Vítima de tuberculose aos 31 anos de idade, publicou poemas em jornais. A sua obra foi reunida pelo amigo Silva Pinto e publicada postumamente em 1887, com o título O Livro de Cesário Verde.
  • 1855 – George Bonnor was born (d. 1912). Australian cricketer.
  • 1860 – Sir William Ashley was born (d. 1927). Economic historian.
  • 1860 – Chauncey Allen Goodrich dies (b. 1790). American clergyman, educator and lexicographer.
  • 1866 – Benedetto Croce was born. Italian humanist, historian and philosopher.
  • 1869 – Phoebus Levene was born (d. 6 Sep 1940). Phoebus (Aaron Theodor) Levene was a Russian-born American chemist and pioneer in the study of nucleic acids.
  • 1870 – Hiram Rhoades Revels, a Republican from Mississippi, is sworn into the United States Senate, becoming the first African American ever to sit in the U.S. Congress.
  • 1873 – Enrico Caruso was born (d. 1921). Italian tenor.
  • 1877 – Erich von Hornbostel was born (d. 1935). American musicologist.
  • 1878 – Juan María Gutiérrez dies. Argentine writer, translator and politician.
  • 1882 – Ludvig Nordström was born in Härnösand. Swedish writer of realistic, socially conscious work.
  • 1883 – Princess Alice of Albany was born (d. 1981). Countess of Athlone.
  • 1889 – Homer S. Ferguson was born (d. 1982). United States Senator.
  • 1890 – Dame Myra Hess was born (d. 1965). English pianist.
  • 1890 – Vyacheslav Molotov was born (d. 1986). Soviet politician.
  • 1891 – Alfredo Marceneiro was born (d. 26 Jun 1982). Portuguese fadist.
  • 1892 – Andre Soudy was born in Beaugency, Loiret (d. 1913). French anarchist illegalist, member of the Bonnot Gang. Soudy first met Bonnot & other gang members at the anarchist Romainville colony.
  • 1894 – Ernst Friedrich was born (d. 1967). German anarchist and pacifist. Founder of the Berlin Peace Museum. “Without social revolution there can be no lasting peace….We must prepare systematically an uprising against war.”
  • 1894 – Meher Baba was born (d. 1969). Indian spiritual leader.
  • 1894 – Steele MacKaye dies (b. 6 Jun 1842). (James Morrison) Steele MacKaye was a dramatist, playwright, actor, and inventor. He opened the Madison Square Theatre (1879), one of the earliest of American “intimate” playhouses. 1894 — US: Steele MacKaye dies in Buffalo, New York. American playwright/actor/theater manager who patents over 100 theatrical inventions, including folding theater seats.
  • 1895 – Lew Andreas was born (d. 1984). American basketball coach.
  • 1896 – Ida Noddack was born (d. 1979). German chemist who co-discovered (1925) element 75, rhenium, which they named after the Rhine River. They found trace amounts in the mineral columbite. She was working with Walter Noddack, her future husband (1926).
  • 1898 – William Thomas Astbury was born (d. 4 June 1961). English physical biochemist who was the first to make use of X-ray diffraction patterns to study the structure of nucleic acids (1937). Astbury researched the method under Bragg for seven years, then investigated the structure of wool in both the stretched and unstretched forms.
  • 1899 – Paul Julius Reuter dies (b. 1816). Founder of the Reuters News Agency.
  • 1901 – J.P. Morgan incorporates the United States Steel Corporation.
  • 1901 – Zeppo Marx was born (d. 1979). American actor.
  • 1903 – King Clancy was born (d. 1986). Canadian hockey player.
  • 1903 – João Gaspar Simões was born in Figueira da Foz. Portuguese critic of literature and writer.
  • 1904 – Adelle Davis was born (d. 1974). American nutritionist, writer.
  • 1904 – John Joseph Bittner was born (d. 14 Dec 1961). American geneticist who isolated a “Bittner milk factor” (1949) from the milk of certain mice, which strongly suggested that at least some viruses can cause cancer.
  • 1908 – Frank G. Slaughter was born (d. 2001). American novelist.
  • 1909 – Lev Artsimovich was born (d. 1 Mar 1973). Russian physicist who provided the basis of the Tokamak, a device capable of confining ultra-high temperature plasma suitable for research into controlled nuclear fusion.
  • 1910 – Walt Woodward was born (d. 2001). Inspired the main character in David Guterson’s novel, Snow Falling in Cedar. Publisher/editor of the Bainbridge Review from 1940 to 1961 in Washington State, he opposed Japanese internment during WWII, the only newspaper on the West coast to do so & a stance which cost him subscribers & advertising revenue in this small island community.
  • 1910 – Millicent Fenwick was born (d. 1992). American fashion editor and politician.
  • 1912 – Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of William IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.
  • 1912 – Brenda Joyce was born. American actress.
  • 1912 – Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg dies (b. 1852).
  • 1913 – US: IWW (Industrial Workers of the World) Paterson Silk Strike begins. The 1913 strike, which lasted over six months, eventually involved more than 24,000 workers & nearly 300 mills in Paterson.
  • 1913 – The 16th Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing a graduated income tax, is ratified.
  • 1913 – Jim Backus was born (d. 1989). American actor.
  • 1913 – Gert Fröbe was born (d. 1988). German actor.
  • 1914 – John Arlott was born (d. 1991). English cricket journalist.
  • 1915 – Charles Edwin Bessey dies (b. 21 May 1845). American botanist who introduced to the United States the systematic study of plant morphology and the experimental laboratory for botanical instruction on the college level.
  • 1916 – Reinhard Bendix was born (d. 1991). German sociologist.
  • 1917 – Anthony Burgess was born in Manchester (d. 1993). English novelist/critic, whose fiction is characterized by verbal inventiveness & social satire. His most famous book is A Clockwork Orange.
  • 1918 – Bobby Riggs was born (d. 1995). American tennis player.
  • 1918 – Barney Ewell was born (d. 1996). American athlete.
  • 1918 – Rena Kyriakou was born (d. 1994). Greek pianist.
  • 1919 – Oregon places a 1 cent per gallon tax on gasoline, becoming the first U.S. state to levy a gasoline tax.
  • 1919 – Karl Pribram was born. Austrian neuroscientist.
  • 1920 – Gérard Bessette was born (d. 2005). French Canadian author.
  • 1920 – James Gayley dies (b. 11 Oct 1855) American metallurgist who invented a device to ensure uniform humidity in the air stream going into blast furnaces .
  • 1920 – Marcel-Auguste Dieulafoy dies (b. 3 Aug 1844). French archaeologist and civil engineer who excavated the palaces of the ancient Persian kings Darius I the Great and Artaxerxes II at Susa (modern Shush, Iran) in 1885.
  • 1920 – William Faulkner poem “Fantoches” is published in “The Mississippian”. 1922 — Birthday of potato expert Donald MacLean, owner of a private collection of 367 varieties.
  • 1921 –Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, is occupied by Bolshevist Russia.
  • 1921 – Pierre Laporte was born. Canadian statesman, murdered by FLQ terrorists in 1970.
  • 1922 – Birthday of potato expert Donald MacLean, owner of a private collection of 367 varieties.
  • 1924 – Hugh Esmor Huxley, was born. English molecular biologist whose study (with Jean Hanson) of muscle ultrastructure using the techniques of X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy led him to propose the sliding-filament theory of muscle contraction.
  • 1925 – Edward Gorey was born (d. 2000). American illustrator.
  • 1925 – Columbia Records (hoy Sony Music) hace la primera grabación musical eléctrica en Nueva York, Estados Unidos. Su intérprete fue el pianista y cantante estadounidense Art Gillham.
  • 1925 – The diplomatic relations between Japan and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1925 – Glacier Bay National Monument (now Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve) is established in Alaska.
  • 1926 – Francisco Franco es ascendido a general en España.
  • 1926 – Author William Faulkner’s first novel, Soldier’s Pay, is published.
  • 1927 – Ralph Stanley was born. American musician
  • 1928 – Charles Jenkins Laboratories of Washington, DC becomes the first holder of a television license from the Federal Radio Commission.
  • 1928 – Larry Gelbart was born. American comedy writer.
  • 1929 – Christopher George was born (d. 1983). American actor.
  • 1929 – Tommy Newsom was born (d. 2007). American bandleader.
  • 1932 – Adolf Hitler obtains German citizenship by naturalization, which allows him to run in the 1932 election for Reichspräsident.
  • 1932 – Tony Brooks was born. English race car driver.
  • 1932 – Faron Young was born (d. 1996). American singer.
  • 1932 – Pierre Lariviere dies (b. 1884). French anarchist, painter & caricaturist who illustrated some of Jean Grave‘s “Temps nouveaux”.
  • 1933 – The USS Ranger is launched, becoming the first custom-built aircraft carrier.
  • 1933 – Author Heinrich Mann publishes his first exposure of the Nazis after leaving Germany.
  • 1934 – Bernard Bresslaw was born (d. 1993). English actor.
  • 1934 – Tony Lema was born (d. 1966). American golfer.
  • 1934 – Elizabeth Gertrude Knight Britton dies (b. 9 Jan 1858). American botanist known for her lasting contributions to bryology, the study of mosses.
  • 1935 – Sally Jessy Raphael was born. American talk show host .
  • 1935 – José Macia (Pepe) was born in Santos, São Paulo. Brazilian soccer player
  • 1937 – Ras Desta Demtu, Haile Selassie’s son-in-law, is executed by the Italian administration in Abyssinia.
  • 1937 – Tom Courtenay was born. British actor .
  • 1937 – Bob Schieffer was born. American broadcast journalist
  • 1937 – Barbara Piasecka Johnson was born. Widow of John Seward Johnson I
  • 1938 – Herb Elliott was born. Australian runner.
  • 1938 – Diane Baker was born. American actress.
  • 1939 – Wilson Simonal was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian singer.
  • 1940 – Billy Packer was born. American sports broadcaster.
  • 1940 – Danny Cater was born. Baseball player
  • 1940 – Ron Santo was born. American baseball player
  • 1941 – February strike: First general & physical protest against nazi anti-Jewish behaviour & -laws (Amsterdam)
  • 1942 – Karen Grassle was born. American actress
  • 1943 – Wilson Piazza was born. Brazilian footballer
  • 1943 – George Harrison was born (d. 29 Nov 2001). English musician (The Beatles) .
  • 1943 – Holocaust: 158 Norwegian Jews were deported from Norway to death camp Auschwitz by the vessel Gutenland. Altogether the total number of Jews deported from Norway was 767. Of these 30 survived.
  • 1943 – World War II: North Africa General Rommel’s Afrika Corps are forced back through the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia, only five days after they had broken through.
  • 1944 – François Cevert was born (6 Oct 1973). French F 1 race car driver.
  • 1944 – António Damásio was born. Portuguese neurologist and neuroscientist.
  • 1945 – World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • 1945 – Herbert Léonard was born. French singer
  • 1945 – Elkie Brooks was born. English singer
  • 1945 – Mario de Andrade (Mário Raul de Morais Andrade) dies in São Paulo ( 9 Oct 1893). Brazilian writer, essayst, novelist and photographer. See Biography in English
  • 1946 – Franz Xaver Kroetz was born. German dramatist
  • 1946 – Jean Todt was born. Executive director of Scuderia Ferrari
  • 1947 – Lee Evans was born. American athlete.
  • 1947 – Doug Yule was born. American bass guitarist, (The Velvet Underground)
  • 1948 – Communists took control of the government in Czechoslovakia and the period of the Third Republic ends.
  • 1948 – Danny Denzongpa was born. Indian actor.
  • 1948 – Aldo Busi was born. Italian writer.
  • 1948 – Juan Esteban Montero dies (b. 1879). President of Chile.
  • 1949 – Actor Robert Mitchum is released from a Los Angeles County prison farm after serving a 2-month sentence for marijuana possession.
  • 1949 – Amin Maalouf was born. Lebanese writer.
  • 1949 – Ric Flair was born. American professional wrestler
  • 1950 – George Richards Minot dies (b. 2 Dec 1885). American physician who received (with George Whipple and William Murphy) the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1934 for the introduction of a raw-liver diet for to regenerate blood hemoglobin in the treatment of pernicious anemia, which was previously an invariably fatal disease.
  • 1950 – Neil Jordan was born. Director, writer, producer .
  • 1950 – Francisco Fernández Ochoa was born (d. 2006). Spanish alpine skier.
  • 1951 – The first Pan American Games are held in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • 1951 – James Brown was born. American sportscaster
  • 1951 – César Cedeño was born. Baseball player
  • 1951 – Don Quarrie was born. Jamaican sprinter .
  • 1952 – Inger Segelström was born. Swedish politician.
  • 1952 – Joey Dunlop was born (d. 2000). Irish motorcycle racer.
  • 1953 – Sergey Nikolayevich Winogradsky dies (b. 1 Sep 1856). Russian microbiologist who helped to establish bacteriology as a major biological science. He was first to isolate the bacteria responsible for nitrification and nitrogen fixation by soil bacteria (1890).
  • 1953 – José María Aznar was born. Former Prime Minister of Spain.
  • 1953 – Kim Yeong-cheol was born. South Korean actor
  • 1954 – John Doe was born. American musician .
  • 1954 – Regina Casé was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actress
  • 1954 – Gamal Abdul Nasser is made premier of Egypt.
  • 1956 – In his speech On the Personality Cult and its Consequences Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev denounces the actions of Joseph Stalin.
  • 1957 – George “Bugs” Moran dies (b. 1893). American gangster.
  • 1958 – Kurt Rambis was born. American basketball player
  • 1959 – Mike Peters was born. Welsh musician (The Alarm)
  • 1960 – Tony Grimaud was born. Maltese-born singer and songwriter
  • 1960 – Stefan Blöcher was born. German field hockey player
  • 1960 – John Cage’s “Music for Amplified Toy Pianos” premiers, Middletown, Ct.
  • 1960 – Lillian Hellman play “Toys in the Attic” opens on Broadway (556 perfs).
  • 1961 -The United Arab Republic breaks of diplomatic relations with Belgium over the situation in the Congo.
  • 1961 – Davey Allison was born (d. 1993). NASCAR driver.
  • 1961 – Todd Blackledge was born. American football player.
  • 1962 – Birgit Fischer was born. German kayaker.
  • 1962 – Nuno Homem de Sá was born. Portuguese actor.
  • 1963 – Nancy O’Dell was born. American reporter and television personality
  • 1963 – Melville Jean Herskovits dies (b. 10 Sep 1895). American cultural anthropologist, born in Bellefontaine, Ohio, noted for having opened up the study of the New World Negro as a new field of research.
  • 1963 – Vee Jay Records, a small Chicago-based label, releases the first Beatles record in the US, “Please Please Me” backed with “Ask Me Why.” A smash in the UK, barely noticed in the US.
  • 1964 – Lee Evans was born. British comedian.
  • 1964 – Don Majkowski was born. American football player
  • 1964 – Grace Metalious dies (b. 1924). American writer.
  • 1964 – Maurice Farman dies (b. 21 Mar 1877). French aircraft designer and manufacturer who contributed greatly to early aviation. In 1908, with his brother Henri, he made the first circular flight of over 1-km, completing a 1.6-km (one-mile) flight near Paris.
  • 1964 – Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) became world heavyweight boxing champion for the first time by knocking out Sonny Liston in Sonny Liston in seven rounds, in Miami Beach.
  • 1965 – Carrot Top was born. American comedian
  • 1966 – Alexis Denisof was born. American actor
  • 1966 – Nancy O’Dell was born. American reporter and television personality.
  • 1966 – Samson Kitur was born (d. 2003). Kenyan athlete
  • 1966 – Téa Leoni was born in New York. American actress (Switch, Bad Boys).
  • 1968 – Sandrine Kiberlain was born. French actress.
  • 1968 – Evridiki was born. Greek Cypriot singer
  • 1969 – Germany gives $5 million to an Arab terrorist as ransom for the passengers and crew of a hijacked jumbo jet.
  • 1969 – Paul Trimboli was born. Australian footballer
  • 1970 – Pedido de aprovação pelo Presidente da República dos estatutos da Associação para o Desenvolvimento Económico e Social (SEDES), apresentada por 147 individualidades, vindas da ala liberal do regime, de sectores católicos progressistas, e de correntes republicanas e socialistas .
  • 1970 – US: Latvian-born American artist Mark Rothko commits suicide, New York City.
  • 1970 – US: Isla Vista Bank of America burns. Riot in Isla Vista, California, protesting “Chicago 7” guilty verdicts, ends with the Bank of America in flames, part of nationwide upheavals since the verdicts came down on the 19th: with “half a million people in the streets”; explosions in three office buildings in NY; explosions in California, Washington, Maryland, Michigan.
  • 1970 – Julie Hesmondhalgh was born. English actress,
  • 1971 – The first unit of the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station, first commercial nuclear power station in Canada, goes online.
  • 1971 – Sean Astin was born. American actor.
  • 1971 – Dave Harris was born. American disc jockey.
  • 1971 – Daniel Powter was born. Canadian musician.
  • 1971 – Theodor Svedberg dies (b. 30 Aug 1884). Swedish chemist who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1926 for his studies in the chemistry of colloids and for his invention of the ultracentrifuge which he introduced (1924) as a technique for investigating the molecular weights of very large molecules.
  • 1972 – Terrorism: Germany gives $5 million to an Arab terrorist as ransom for the passengers and crew of a hijacked jumbo jet.
  • 1973 – Cristiane Penaforte was born. Brazilian (In the Name of Love) blog’s owner.
  • 1973 – Justin Jeffre was born. American singer (98 Degrees)
  • 1973 – Anson Mount was born. American actor.
  • 1973 – Julio José Iglesias was born. Spanish singer.
  • 1973 – Normann Stadler was born. German triathlete.
  • 1975 – Chelsea Handler was born. American comedian and actress
  • 1975 – Elijah Muhammad dies. Black Muslim leader.
  • 1976 – Chris Pitman was born. American keyboardist and member of Guns N’ Roses.
  • 1976 – Rashida Jones was born. American actress, writer, model, musician
  • 1977 – 240 US citizens in Uganda are held hostage by Field Marshal Idi Amin Dada.
  • 1977 – Josh Wolff was born. American footballer, Kansas City Wizards Striker.
  • 1977 – Sarah Jezebel Deva was born. English singer.
  • 1977 – Kim Hee-sun was born. South Korean actress
  • 1978 – Daniel “Chappie” James Jr. dies (b. 1920). American general.
  • 1980 – The Suriname government ( elected after gaining independance from the Netherlands in 1975 ) was overthrown by a military coup which was initiated with the bombing of the police station from an army ship of the coast of the nations capital; Paramaribo
  • 1980 – Se crea la Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia “San Juan Bosco”.
  • 1980 – Antonio Burks was born. American basketball player
  • 1981 – Apple Computer‘s first CEO Michael Scott fired 40 employees from the Apple II group personally, in belief that they were redundant. Following these actions, he was moved to position of Vice Chairman.
  • 1981 – Jamie Lynn was born. American model.
  • 1981 – Shahid Kapoor was born. Indian Actor.
  • 1981 – Park Ji-Sung was born. South Korean footballer.
  • 1981 – Misty Giles was born. American beauty queen and Survivor contestant
  • 1982 – Chris Baird was born. Irish footballer.
  • 1982 – Anton Volchenkov was born. Russian ice hockey player.
  • 1982 – Maria Kanellis was born. American model and professional wrestler.
  • 1982 – Joshua Gretz was born. Michaela’s Boyfriend.
  • 1982 – Bert McCracken was born. American singer (The Used).
  • 1983 – Eduardo da Silva was born. Brazilian-born Croatian footballer.
  • 1983 – Tennessee Williams dies (b. 1911). American playwright.
  • 1984 – Logan Leistikow was born. American director and actor.
  • 1984 – Lovefoxxx was born. Brazilian singer (CSS).
  • 1985 – Benji Marshall was born. New Zealand rugby player.
  • 1985 – Joakim Noah was born. American basketball player.
  • 1985 – Moorea Wolfe was born. Canadian fitness model.
  • 1986 – People Power Revolution: President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines flees the nation after 20 years of rule; Corazon Aquino becomes the first Filipino woman president.
  • 1986 – Philippines: Mass demonstrations overthrow Marcos dictatorship, Manila.
  • 1986 – Egypt: Thousands of military police riot & destroy two luxury hotels.
  • 1986 – Justin Berfield was born. American actor.
  • 1986 – James and Oliver Phelps were born. British actors.
  • 1986 – Danny Saucedo was born. Swedish singer.
  • 1987 – Eva Avila was born. Canadian singer
  • 1987 – James Coco dies (b. 1930). American actor.
  • 1998 – Brendon Baerg was born. American actor
  • 1989 – President Carlos Salinas frees around 1 000 political prisoners.
  • 1989 – Hugo Casais dies. Portuguese baritone.
  • 1990 – Violeta Chamorro was elected president of Nicaragua replacing Daniel Ortega, after a victory for opponents of the Sandinistas.
  • 1991 – Gulf War: An Iraqi Scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia killing 28 US Marines.
  • 1991 – Nigel Benn knocks out Gerald McClellan to retain his WBC Super Middleweight title. The fight is marred by tragedy as McClellan suffers some irreversible brain damage.
  • 1992 – Khojaly massacre: about 613 civilians killed by Armenian armed forces during the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan
  • 1993 – Eric Clapton wins six Emmy Awards.
  • 1993 – Rogério Paulo dies (b. 17 Nov. 1927 , in Angola). Portuguese actor.
  • 1994 – Mosque of Abraham massacre: In the Cave of the Patriarchs in the West Bank city of Hebron, Dr. Baruch Kappel Goldstein opens fire with an assault rifle, killing 29 Palestinian worshippers and injuring 125 more before being subdued and beaten to death by survivors. Subsequent rioting kills 26 more Palestinians and 9 Israelis.
  • 1994 – Jersey Joe Walcott dies (b. 1914). American boxer.
  • 1994 – Baruch Goldstein dies (b. 1956). American-born mass killer
  • 1996 – Haing S. Ngor dies (b. 1940). Cambodian-born actor.
  • 1998 – Brendon Baerg was born. American actor .
  • 1999 – Korea: North Korean Woo Yong Gak, probably the world’s longest-serving political prisoner, is released by South Korea after 41 years in solitary confinement.
  • 1999 – Glenn T. Seaborg dies (b. 19 Apr 1912). American atomic scientist, Nobel Prize laureate in Chemist.
  • 2000 – The Swedish political party New Democracy is declared financially bankrupt.
  • 2000 – Victoria Climbié dies assassinated (b. 1991). See Victoria Climbié Inquiry
  • 2001 – Sir Donald Bradman dies (b. 1908). Australian cricketer .
  • 2003 – Tom O’Higgins dies (b. 1916). Irish Chief Justice twice defeated as a presidential candidate .
  • 2003 – Alberto Sordi dies (b. 1920). Italian comedy film legend .
  • 2004 – On Ash Wednesday, Mel Gibson‘s The Passion of the Christ is released in movie theaters across the United States, grossing approximately $370 million domestically.
  • 2005 – BTK suspect Dennis Rader arrested in Park City, Kansas.
  • 2005 – Peter Benenson dies (b. 1921). Founder of Amnesty International.
  • 2006 – Darren McGavin dies (b. 1922). American actor.
  • 2006 – Charlie Wayman dies (b. 1922). English footballer.
  • 2007 – 79th Annual Academy Awards
  • 2007 – William R. Anderson dies (b. 1921). Officer in The USA Navy, who was the skipper of the first nuclear submarine (USS Nautilus) and US Congressman
  • 2007 – Mark Spoelstra dies (b. 1940). American singer/songwriter.
  • Kuwait’s national day.
  • People Power Day, special holiday in the Philippines.
 

On this day in History – Feb. 25

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 1:06 am
  • 0138 – The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor.
  • 1246 – Dafydd ap Llywelyn dies. Prince of Gwynedd
  • 1398 – Xuande was born (d. 1435). Emperor of China.
  • 1522 – William Lilye dies. English classical scholar
  • 1536 – Berthold Haller dies (b. 1492). German-born reformer.
  • 1553 – Hirate Masahide dies : suicide (b. 1492). Japanese retainer and the tutor of Oda Nobunaga.
  • 1554 – Lautaro, líder mapuche ataca Concepción (Chile).
  • 1558 – Eleanor of Austria dies (b. 1498). Queen of Portugal and France.
  • 1570 – Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1577 – King Eric XIV of Sweden dies (b. 1533) .
  • 1591 – Friedrich von Spee was born (b. 1635). German writer.
  • 1601 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, English politician, is executed for treason in revolt against Queen Elizabeth (b. 1566).
  • 1634 – Albrecht von Wallenstein dies (b. 1583). Austrian general.
  • 1643 – New World: Dutch massacre of friendly Indians at Pavonia, near present-day Hackensack, New Jersey, is ordered by William Kieft, Governor of New Netherlands. 120 Wecquaesgeek men, women and children asleep in their wigwams die
  • 1643 – Ahmed II was born (d. 1695). Ottoman Sultan.
  • 1643 – Marco da Gagliano dies (b. 1582). Italian composer.
  • 1655 – Daniel Heinsius dies (b. 1580). Flemish scholar.
  • 1663 – Pierre Antoine Motteux was born (d. 1718). French-born English dramatist.
  • 1682 – Giovanni Battista Morgagni was born (d. 5 Dec 1771). Italian anatomist and pathologist whose works helped make anatomy an exact science. His early studies of particularly the throat, and the sinus and hydatid of Morgagni in this region perpetuate his name.
  • 1682 – Alessandro Stradella dies (b. 1644). Italian composer.
  • 1692 – Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz was born (d. 1775). German adventurer and writer.
  • 1707 – Carlo Goldoni was born (d. 1793). Italian writer.
  • 1713 – King Frederick I of Prussia dies (b. 1657).
  • 1714 – René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou was born (d. 1792). Chancellor of France
  • 1714 – Hyde Parker was born (d. 1782). British admiral.
  • 1715 – Pu Songling was born (d. 1640). Chinese writer.
  • 1723 – Sir Christopher Wren dies (b. 20 Oct 1632). English architect, astronomer, and geometrician.
  • 1725 – Karl Wilhelm Ramler was born (d. 1798). German poet.
  • 1752 – John Graves Simcoe was born (d. 1806). First Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada.
  • 1756 – Eliza Haywood dies (b. 1693). English actress and writer.
  • 1778 – José de San Martín was born (17 Aug 1850). Argentine general, liberator of Spanish South America along with Simón Bolívar.
  • 1793 – George Washington holds the first Cabinet meeting as President of the United States.
  • 1797 – Colonel William Tate and his force of 1000-1500 French surrender two days after the Last Invasion of Britain
  • 1798 – Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais dies (b. 1716). French diplomat and writer.
  • 1805 – Thomas Pownall dies (b. 1722). British colonial statesman.
  • 1814 – Taras Shevchenko was born in Morintsy, Ukraine of the Russian Empire, he becomes the foremost Ukrainian poet of the 19th century & a major figure of the Ukrainian national revival.
  • 1831 – Friedrich Maximilian Klinger dies (b. 1752). German writer.
  • 1836 – Samuel Colt receives an American patent for the Colt revolver.
  • 1836 – US Showman Phineas Taylor Barnum exhibits African American slave Joice Heth.
  • 1837 – The first practical electric motor in the US is patented by Thomas Davenport.
  • 1841 – Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in Limoges (d. 1919). French impressionist painter, graphic artist and sculptor.
  • 1842 – Karl May was born (d. 1912). German author of travel and adventure stories, dealing with desert Arabs or American Indians in the Old West.
  • 1842 – Ida Z. Lewis was born (d. 24 Oct 1911). American heroine keeper of Lime Rock Lighthouse.
  • 1845 – George Reid was born (d. 1918). Fourth Prime Minister of Australia.
  • 1850 – Daoguang dies (b. 1782). Emperor of China.
  • 1852 – Thomas Moore dies (b. 1779). Irish poet.
  • 1855 – Cesário Verde was born in Lisbon (d. 1886). Portuguese poet / Cesário Verde, nascia em Lisboa (m. 19 Jul 1886). Poeta português. Vítima de tuberculose aos 31 anos de idade, publicou poemas em jornais. A sua obra foi reunida pelo amigo Silva Pinto e publicada postumamente em 1887, com o título O Livro de Cesário Verde.
  • 1855 – George Bonnor was born (d. 1912). Australian cricketer.
  • 1860 – Sir William Ashley was born (d. 1927). Economic historian.
  • 1860 – Chauncey Allen Goodrich dies (b. 1790). American clergyman, educator and lexicographer.
  • 1866 – Benedetto Croce was born. Italian humanist, historian and philosopher.
  • 1869 – Phoebus Levene was born (d. 6 Sep 1940). Phoebus (Aaron Theodor) Levene was a Russian-born American chemist and pioneer in the study of nucleic acids.
  • 1870 – Hiram Rhoades Revels, a Republican from Mississippi, is sworn into the United States Senate, becoming the first African American ever to sit in the U.S. Congress.
  • 1873 – Enrico Caruso was born (d. 1921). Italian tenor.
  • 1877 – Erich von Hornbostel was born (d. 1935). American musicologist.
  • 1878 – Juan María Gutiérrez dies. Argentine writer, translator and politician.
  • 1882 – Ludvig Nordström was born in Härnösand. Swedish writer of realistic, socially conscious work.
  • 1883 – Princess Alice of Albany was born (d. 1981). Countess of Athlone.
  • 1889 – Homer S. Ferguson was born (d. 1982). United States Senator.
  • 1890 – Dame Myra Hess was born (d. 1965). English pianist.
  • 1890 – Vyacheslav Molotov was born (d. 1986). Soviet politician.
  • 1891 – Alfredo Marceneiro was born (d. 26 Jun 1982). Portuguese fadist.
  • 1892 – Andre Soudy was born in Beaugency, Loiret (d. 1913). French anarchist illegalist, member of the Bonnot Gang. Soudy first met Bonnot & other gang members at the anarchist Romainville colony.
  • 1894 – Ernst Friedrich was born (d. 1967). German anarchist and pacifist. Founder of the Berlin Peace Museum. “Without social revolution there can be no lasting peace….We must prepare systematically an uprising against war.”
  • 1894 – Meher Baba was born (d. 1969). Indian spiritual leader.
  • 1894 – Steele MacKaye dies (b. 6 Jun 1842). (James Morrison) Steele MacKaye was a dramatist, playwright, actor, and inventor. He opened the Madison Square Theatre (1879), one of the earliest of American “intimate” playhouses. 1894 — US: Steele MacKaye dies in Buffalo, New York. American playwright/actor/theater manager who patents over 100 theatrical inventions, including folding theater seats.
  • 1895 – Lew Andreas was born (d. 1984). American basketball coach.
  • 1896 – Ida Noddack was born (d. 1979). German chemist who co-discovered (1925) element 75, rhenium, which they named after the Rhine River. They found trace amounts in the mineral columbite. She was working with Walter Noddack, her future husband (1926).
  • 1898 – William Thomas Astbury was born (d. 4 June 1961). English physical biochemist who was the first to make use of X-ray diffraction patterns to study the structure of nucleic acids (1937). Astbury researched the method under Bragg for seven years, then investigated the structure of wool in both the stretched and unstretched forms.
  • 1899 – Paul Julius Reuter dies (b. 1816). Founder of the Reuters News Agency.
  • 1901 – J.P. Morgan incorporates the United States Steel Corporation.
  • 1901 – Zeppo Marx was born (d. 1979). American actor.
  • 1903 – King Clancy was born (d. 1986). Canadian hockey player.
  • 1903 – João Gaspar Simões was born in Figueira da Foz. Portuguese critic of literature and writer.
  • 1904 – Adelle Davis was born (d. 1974). American nutritionist, writer.
  • 1904 – John Joseph Bittner was born (d. 14 Dec 1961). American geneticist who isolated a “Bittner milk factor” (1949) from the milk of certain mice, which strongly suggested that at least some viruses can cause cancer.
  • 1908 – Frank G. Slaughter was born (d. 2001). American novelist.
  • 1909 – Lev Artsimovich was born (d. 1 Mar 1973). Russian physicist who provided the basis of the Tokamak, a device capable of confining ultra-high temperature plasma suitable for research into controlled nuclear fusion.
  • 1910 – Walt Woodward was born (d. 2001). Inspired the main character in David Guterson’s novel, Snow Falling in Cedar. Publisher/editor of the Bainbridge Review from 1940 to 1961 in Washington State, he opposed Japanese internment during WWII, the only newspaper on the West coast to do so & a stance which cost him subscribers & advertising revenue in this small island community.
  • 1910 – Millicent Fenwick was born (d. 1992). American fashion editor and politician.
  • 1912 – Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of William IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.
  • 1912 – Brenda Joyce was born. American actress.
  • 1912 – Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg dies (b. 1852).
  • 1913 – US: IWW (Industrial Workers of the World) Paterson Silk Strike begins. The 1913 strike, which lasted over six months, eventually involved more than 24,000 workers & nearly 300 mills in Paterson.
  • 1913 – The 16th Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing a graduated income tax, is ratified.
  • 1913 – Jim Backus was born (d. 1989). American actor.
  • 1913 – Gert Fröbe was born (d. 1988). German actor.
  • 1914 – John Arlott was born (d. 1991). English cricket journalist.
  • 1915 – Charles Edwin Bessey dies (b. 21 May 1845). American botanist who introduced to the United States the systematic study of plant morphology and the experimental laboratory for botanical instruction on the college level.
  • 1916 – Reinhard Bendix was born (d. 1991). German sociologist.
  • 1917 – Anthony Burgess was born in Manchester (d. 1993). English novelist/critic, whose fiction is characterized by verbal inventiveness & social satire. His most famous book is A Clockwork Orange.
  • 1918 – Bobby Riggs was born (d. 1995). American tennis player.
  • 1918 – Barney Ewell was born (d. 1996). American athlete.
  • 1918 – Rena Kyriakou was born (d. 1994). Greek pianist.
  • 1919 – Oregon places a 1 cent per gallon tax on gasoline, becoming the first U.S. state to levy a gasoline tax.
  • 1919 – Karl Pribram was born. Austrian neuroscientist.
  • 1920 – Gérard Bessette was born (d. 2005). French Canadian author.
  • 1920 – James Gayley dies (b. 11 Oct 1855) American metallurgist who invented a device to ensure uniform humidity in the air stream going into blast furnaces .
  • 1920 – Marcel-Auguste Dieulafoy dies (b. 3 Aug 1844). French archaeologist and civil engineer who excavated the palaces of the ancient Persian kings Darius I the Great and Artaxerxes II at Susa (modern Shush, Iran) in 1885.
  • 1920 – William Faulkner poem “Fantoches” is published in “The Mississippian”. 1922 — Birthday of potato expert Donald MacLean, owner of a private collection of 367 varieties.
  • 1921 –Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, is occupied by Bolshevist Russia.
  • 1921 – Pierre Laporte was born. Canadian statesman, murdered by FLQ terrorists in 1970.
  • 1922 – Birthday of potato expert Donald MacLean, owner of a private collection of 367 varieties.
  • 1924 – Hugh Esmor Huxley, was born. English molecular biologist whose study (with Jean Hanson) of muscle ultrastructure using the techniques of X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy led him to propose the sliding-filament theory of muscle contraction.
  • 1925 – Edward Gorey was born (d. 2000). American illustrator.
  • 1925 – Columbia Records (hoy Sony Music) hace la primera grabación musical eléctrica en Nueva York, Estados Unidos. Su intérprete fue el pianista y cantante estadounidense Art Gillham.
  • 1925 – The diplomatic relations between Japan and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1925 – Glacier Bay National Monument (now Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve) is established in Alaska.
  • 1926 – Francisco Franco es ascendido a general en España.
  • 1926 – Author William Faulkner’s first novel, Soldier’s Pay, is published.
  • 1927 – Ralph Stanley was born. American musician
  • 1928 – Charles Jenkins Laboratories of Washington, DC becomes the first holder of a television license from the Federal Radio Commission.
  • 1928 – Larry Gelbart was born. American comedy writer.
  • 1929 – Christopher George was born (d. 1983). American actor.
  • 1929 – Tommy Newsom was born (d. 2007). American bandleader.
  • 1932 – Adolf Hitler obtains German citizenship by naturalization, which allows him to run in the 1932 election for Reichspräsident.
  • 1932 – Tony Brooks was born. English race car driver.
  • 1932 – Faron Young was born (d. 1996). American singer.
  • 1932 – Pierre Lariviere dies (b. 1884). French anarchist, painter & caricaturist who illustrated some of Jean Grave‘s “Temps nouveaux”.
  • 1933 – The USS Ranger is launched, becoming the first custom-built aircraft carrier.
  • 1933 – Author Heinrich Mann publishes his first exposure of the Nazis after leaving Germany.
  • 1934 – Bernard Bresslaw was born (d. 1993). English actor.
  • 1934 – Tony Lema was born (d. 1966). American golfer.
  • 1934 – Elizabeth Gertrude Knight Britton dies (b. 9 Jan 1858). American botanist known for her lasting contributions to bryology, the study of mosses.
  • 1935 – Sally Jessy Raphael was born. American talk show host .
  • 1935 – José Macia (Pepe) was born in Santos, São Paulo. Brazilian soccer player
  • 1937 – Ras Desta Demtu, Haile Selassie’s son-in-law, is executed by the Italian administration in Abyssinia.
  • 1937 – Tom Courtenay was born. British actor .
  • 1937 – Bob Schieffer was born. American broadcast journalist
  • 1937 – Barbara Piasecka Johnson was born. Widow of John Seward Johnson I
  • 1938 – Herb Elliott was born. Australian runner.
  • 1938 – Diane Baker was born. American actress.
  • 1939 – Wilson Simonal was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian singer.
  • 1940 – Billy Packer was born. American sports broadcaster.
  • 1940 – Danny Cater was born. Baseball player
  • 1940 – Ron Santo was born. American baseball player
  • 1941 – February strike: First general & physical protest against nazi anti-Jewish behaviour & -laws (Amsterdam)
  • 1942 – Karen Grassle was born. American actress
  • 1943 – Wilson Piazza was born. Brazilian footballer
  • 1943 – George Harrison was born (d. 29 Nov 2001). English musician (The Beatles) .
  • 1943 – Holocaust: 158 Norwegian Jews were deported from Norway to death camp Auschwitz by the vessel Gutenland. Altogether the total number of Jews deported from Norway was 767. Of these 30 survived.
  • 1943 – World War II: North Africa General Rommel’s Afrika Corps are forced back through the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia, only five days after they had broken through.
  • 1944 – François Cevert was born (6 Oct 1973). French F 1 race car driver.
  • 1944 – António Damásio was born. Portuguese neurologist and neuroscientist.
  • 1945 – World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • 1945 – Herbert Léonard was born. French singer
  • 1945 – Elkie Brooks was born. English singer
  • 1945 – Mario de Andrade (Mário Raul de Morais Andrade) dies in São Paulo ( 9 Oct 1893). Brazilian writer, essayst, novelist and photographer. See Biography in English
  • 1946 – Franz Xaver Kroetz was born. German dramatist
  • 1946 – Jean Todt was born. Executive director of Scuderia Ferrari
  • 1947 – Lee Evans was born. American athlete.
  • 1947 – Doug Yule was born. American bass guitarist, (The Velvet Underground)
  • 1948 – Communists took control of the government in Czechoslovakia and the period of the Third Republic ends.
  • 1948 – Danny Denzongpa was born. Indian actor.
  • 1948 – Aldo Busi was born. Italian writer.
  • 1948 – Juan Esteban Montero dies (b. 1879). President of Chile.
  • 1949 – Actor Robert Mitchum is released from a Los Angeles County prison farm after serving a 2-month sentence for marijuana possession.
  • 1949 – Amin Maalouf was born. Lebanese writer.
  • 1949 – Ric Flair was born. American professional wrestler
  • 1950 – George Richards Minot dies (b. 2 Dec 1885). American physician who received (with George Whipple and William Murphy) the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1934 for the introduction of a raw-liver diet for to regenerate blood hemoglobin in the treatment of pernicious anemia, which was previously an invariably fatal disease.
  • 1950 – Neil Jordan was born. Director, writer, producer .
  • 1950 – Francisco Fernández Ochoa was born (d. 2006). Spanish alpine skier.
  • 1951 – The first Pan American Games are held in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • 1951 – James Brown was born. American sportscaster
  • 1951 – César Cedeño was born. Baseball player
  • 1951 – Don Quarrie was born. Jamaican sprinter .
  • 1952 – Inger Segelström was born. Swedish politician.
  • 1952 – Joey Dunlop was born (d. 2000). Irish motorcycle racer.
  • 1953 – Sergey Nikolayevich Winogradsky dies (b. 1 Sep 1856). Russian microbiologist who helped to establish bacteriology as a major biological science. He was first to isolate the bacteria responsible for nitrification and nitrogen fixation by soil bacteria (1890).
  • 1953 – José María Aznar was born. Former Prime Minister of Spain.
  • 1953 – Kim Yeong-cheol was born. South Korean actor
  • 1954 – John Doe was born. American musician .
  • 1954 – Regina Casé was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actress
  • 1954 – Gamal Abdul Nasser is made premier of Egypt.
  • 1956 – In his speech On the Personality Cult and its Consequences Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev denounces the actions of Joseph Stalin.
  • 1957 – George “Bugs” Moran dies (b. 1893). American gangster.
  • 1958 – Kurt Rambis was born. American basketball player
  • 1959 – Mike Peters was born. Welsh musician (The Alarm)
  • 1960 – Tony Grimaud was born. Maltese-born singer and songwriter
  • 1960 – Stefan Blöcher was born. German field hockey player
  • 1960 – John Cage’s “Music for Amplified Toy Pianos” premiers, Middletown, Ct.
  • 1960 – Lillian Hellman play “Toys in the Attic” opens on Broadway (556 perfs).
  • 1961 -The United Arab Republic breaks of diplomatic relations with Belgium over the situation in the Congo.
  • 1961 – Davey Allison was born (d. 1993). NASCAR driver.
  • 1961 – Todd Blackledge was born. American football player.
  • 1962 – Birgit Fischer was born. German kayaker.
  • 1962 – Nuno Homem de Sá was born. Portuguese actor.
  • 1963 – Nancy O’Dell was born. American reporter and television personality
  • 1963 – Melville Jean Herskovits dies (b. 10 Sep 1895). American cultural anthropologist, born in Bellefontaine, Ohio, noted for having opened up the study of the New World Negro as a new field of research.
  • 1963 – Vee Jay Records, a small Chicago-based label, releases the first Beatles record in the US, “Please Please Me” backed with “Ask Me Why.” A smash in the UK, barely noticed in the US.
  • 1964 – Lee Evans was born. British comedian.
  • 1964 – Don Majkowski was born. American football player
  • 1964 – Grace Metalious dies (b. 1924). American writer.
  • 1964 – Maurice Farman dies (b. 21 Mar 1877). French aircraft designer and manufacturer who contributed greatly to early aviation. In 1908, with his brother Henri, he made the first circular flight of over 1-km, completing a 1.6-km (one-mile) flight near Paris.
  • 1964 – Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) became world heavyweight boxing champion for the first time by knocking out Sonny Liston in Sonny Liston in seven rounds, in Miami Beach.
  • 1965 – Carrot Top was born. American comedian
  • 1966 – Alexis Denisof was born. American actor
  • 1966 – Nancy O’Dell was born. American reporter and television personality.
  • 1966 – Samson Kitur was born (d. 2003). Kenyan athlete
  • 1966 – Téa Leoni was born in New York. American actress (Switch, Bad Boys).
  • 1968 – Sandrine Kiberlain was born. French actress.
  • 1968 – Evridiki was born. Greek Cypriot singer
  • 1969 – Germany gives $5 million to an Arab terrorist as ransom for the passengers and crew of a hijacked jumbo jet.
  • 1969 – Paul Trimboli was born. Australian footballer
  • 1970 – Pedido de aprovação pelo Presidente da República dos estatutos da Associação para o Desenvolvimento Económico e Social (SEDES), apresentada por 147 individualidades, vindas da ala liberal do regime, de sectores católicos progressistas, e de correntes republicanas e socialistas .
  • 1970 – US: Latvian-born American artist Mark Rothko commits suicide, New York City.
  • 1970 – US: Isla Vista Bank of America burns. Riot in Isla Vista, California, protesting “Chicago 7” guilty verdicts, ends with the Bank of America in flames, part of nationwide upheavals since the verdicts came down on the 19th: with “half a million people in the streets”; explosions in three office buildings in NY; explosions in California, Washington, Maryland, Michigan.
  • 1970 – Julie Hesmondhalgh was born. English actress,
  • 1971 – The first unit of the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station, first commercial nuclear power station in Canada, goes online.
  • 1971 – Sean Astin was born. American actor.
  • 1971 – Dave Harris was born. American disc jockey.
  • 1971 – Daniel Powter was born. Canadian musician.
  • 1971 – Theodor Svedberg dies (b. 30 Aug 1884). Swedish chemist who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1926 for his studies in the chemistry of colloids and for his invention of the ultracentrifuge which he introduced (1924) as a technique for investigating the molecular weights of very large molecules.
  • 1972 – Terrorism: Germany gives $5 million to an Arab terrorist as ransom for the passengers and crew of a hijacked jumbo jet.
  • 1973 – Cristiane Penaforte was born. Brazilian (In the Name of Love) blog’s owner.
  • 1973 – Justin Jeffre was born. American singer (98 Degrees)
  • 1973 – Anson Mount was born. American actor.
  • 1973 – Julio José Iglesias was born. Spanish singer.
  • 1973 – Normann Stadler was born. German triathlete.
  • 1975 – Chelsea Handler was born. American comedian and actress
  • 1975 – Elijah Muhammad dies. Black Muslim leader.
  • 1976 – Chris Pitman was born. American keyboardist and member of Guns N’ Roses.
  • 1976 – Rashida Jones was born. American actress, writer, model, musician
  • 1977 – 240 US citizens in Uganda are held hostage by Field Marshal Idi Amin Dada.
  • 1977 – Josh Wolff was born. American footballer, Kansas City Wizards Striker.
  • 1977 – Sarah Jezebel Deva was born. English singer.
  • 1977 – Kim Hee-sun was born. South Korean actress
  • 1978 – Daniel “Chappie” James Jr. dies (b. 1920). American general.
  • 1980 – The Suriname government ( elected after gaining independance from the Netherlands in 1975 ) was overthrown by a military coup which was initiated with the bombing of the police station from an army ship of the coast of the nations capital; Paramaribo
  • 1980 – Se crea la Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia “San Juan Bosco”.
  • 1980 – Antonio Burks was born. American basketball player
  • 1981 – Apple Computer‘s first CEO Michael Scott fired 40 employees from the Apple II group personally, in belief that they were redundant. Following these actions, he was moved to position of Vice Chairman.
  • 1981 – Jamie Lynn was born. American model.
  • 1981 – Shahid Kapoor was born. Indian Actor.
  • 1981 – Park Ji-Sung was born. South Korean footballer.
  • 1981 – Misty Giles was born. American beauty queen and Survivor contestant
  • 1982 – Chris Baird was born. Irish footballer.
  • 1982 – Anton Volchenkov was born. Russian ice hockey player.
  • 1982 – Maria Kanellis was born. American model and professional wrestler.
  • 1982 – Joshua Gretz was born. Michaela’s Boyfriend.
  • 1982 – Bert McCracken was born. American singer (The Used).
  • 1983 – Eduardo da Silva was born. Brazilian-born Croatian footballer.
  • 1983 – Tennessee Williams dies (b. 1911). American playwright.
  • 1984 – Logan Leistikow was born. American director and actor.
  • 1984 – Lovefoxxx was born. Brazilian singer (CSS).
  • 1985 – Benji Marshall was born. New Zealand rugby player.
  • 1985 – Joakim Noah was born. American basketball player.
  • 1985 – Moorea Wolfe was born. Canadian fitness model.
  • 1986 – People Power Revolution: President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines flees the nation after 20 years of rule; Corazon Aquino becomes the first Filipino woman president.
  • 1986 – Philippines: Mass demonstrations overthrow Marcos dictatorship, Manila.
  • 1986 – Egypt: Thousands of military police riot & destroy two luxury hotels.
  • 1986 – Justin Berfield was born. American actor.
  • 1986 – James and Oliver Phelps were born. British actors.
  • 1986 – Danny Saucedo was born. Swedish singer.
  • 1987 – Eva Avila was born. Canadian singer
  • 1987 – James Coco dies (b. 1930). American actor.
  • 1998 – Brendon Baerg was born. American actor
  • 1989 – President Carlos Salinas frees around 1 000 political prisoners.
  • 1989 – Hugo Casais dies. Portuguese baritone.
  • 1990 – Violeta Chamorro was elected president of Nicaragua replacing Daniel Ortega, after a victory for opponents of the Sandinistas.
  • 1991 – Gulf War: An Iraqi Scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia killing 28 US Marines.
  • 1991 – Nigel Benn knocks out Gerald McClellan to retain his WBC Super Middleweight title. The fight is marred by tragedy as McClellan suffers some irreversible brain damage.
  • 1992 – Khojaly massacre: about 613 civilians killed by Armenian armed forces during the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan
  • 1993 – Eric Clapton wins six Emmy Awards.
  • 1993 – Rogério Paulo dies (b. 17 Nov. 1927 , in Angola). Portuguese actor.
  • 1994 – Mosque of Abraham massacre: In the Cave of the Patriarchs in the West Bank city of Hebron, Dr. Baruch Kappel Goldstein opens fire with an assault rifle, killing 29 Palestinian worshippers and injuring 125 more before being subdued and beaten to death by survivors. Subsequent rioting kills 26 more Palestinians and 9 Israelis.
  • 1994 – Jersey Joe Walcott dies (b. 1914). American boxer.
  • 1994 – Baruch Goldstein dies (b. 1956). American-born mass killer
  • 1996 – Haing S. Ngor dies (b. 1940). Cambodian-born actor.
  • 1998 – Brendon Baerg was born. American actor .
  • 1999 – Korea: North Korean Woo Yong Gak, probably the world’s longest-serving political prisoner, is released by South Korea after 41 years in solitary confinement.
  • 1999 – Glenn T. Seaborg dies (b. 19 Apr 1912). American atomic scientist, Nobel Prize laureate in Chemist.
  • 2000 – The Swedish political party New Democracy is declared financially bankrupt.
  • 2000 – Victoria Climbié dies assassinated (b. 1991). See Victoria Climbié Inquiry
  • 2001 – Sir Donald Bradman dies (b. 1908). Australian cricketer .
  • 2003 – Tom O’Higgins dies (b. 1916). Irish Chief Justice twice defeated as a presidential candidate .
  • 2003 – Alberto Sordi dies (b. 1920). Italian comedy film legend .
  • 2004 – On Ash Wednesday, Mel Gibson‘s The Passion of the Christ is released in movie theaters across the United States, grossing approximately $370 million domestically.
  • 2005 – BTK suspect Dennis Rader arrested in Park City, Kansas.
  • 2005 – Peter Benenson dies (b. 1921). Founder of Amnesty International.
  • 2006 – Darren McGavin dies (b. 1922). American actor.
  • 2006 – Charlie Wayman dies (b. 1922). English footballer.
  • 2007 – 79th Annual Academy Awards
  • 2007 – William R. Anderson dies (b. 1921). Officer in The USA Navy, who was the skipper of the first nuclear submarine (USS Nautilus) and US Congressman
  • 2007 – Mark Spoelstra dies (b. 1940). American singer/songwriter.
  • Kuwait’s national day.
  • People Power Day, special holiday in the Philippines.