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On this day in History – Oct. 8 Outubro 7, 2007

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:45 pm
  • 0314 – Roman Emperor Licinius is defeated by his colleague Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae, and loses his European territories.
  • 0451 – At Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins (ends on November 1).
  • 0705 – Death of Caliph Abd al-Malik, in Damascus.
  • 0976 – Jelena of Zadar dies. Croatian queen
  • 1085 – St Mark’s Cathedral in Venice was consecrated.
  • 1179 – Death of Odo de Saint-Amand, 8th Master of the Templars.
  • 1286 – John I of Dreux dies (b. 1217). Duke of Brittany
  • 1317 – Fushimi dies (b. 1265). Emperor of Japan.
  • 1515 – Margaret Douglas was born (d. 1578). Countess of Lennox.
  • 1515 – Partida da expedição de Juan Díaz de Solís (descobridor do Rio da Prata)
  • 1575 – Jan Massys dies. Flemish painter.
  • 1582 – Beacuse of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1585 – Heinrich Schutz was born. Composer
  • 1600 – San Marino adopts its written constitution.
  • 1604 – The supernova called “Kepler’s nova” is 1st sighted.
  • 1610 – Polish troops capture Moscow.
  • 1621 – Antoine de Montchrétien dies. French dramatist and economist
  • 1647 – Christian Sørensen Longomontanus dies (b. 1562). Danish astronomer.
  • 1652 – John Greaves dies (b. 1602). English mathematician and antiquarian.
  • 1656 – John George I, Elector of Saxony dies (b. 1585)
  • 1659 – Jean de Quen dies. French Jesuit missionary and historian
  • 1676 – Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro was born (d. 1764). Spanish scholar.
  • 1708 – Jean Perronet was born (d. 27 Feb 1794). French civil engineer renowned for his stone-arch bridges, especially the Pont de la Concorde, Paris.
  • 1713 – Yechezkel Landau was born (d. 1793). Polish rabbi and Talmudist.
  • 1715 – Michel Benoist was born (d. 1774). French Jesuit missionary.
  • 1720 – Jonathan Mayhew was born (d. 1766). American minister.
  • 1735 – Yongzheng dies (b. 1678). Emperor of China.
  • 1747 – Jean-François Rewbell was born (d. 1807). French politician.
  • 1754 – Henry Fielding dies in Lisbon (b. 1707). English novelist and dramatist. His Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon will appear the following year.
  • 1765 – Harman Blennerhassett was born (d. 1831). Irish lawyer.
  • 1772 – Jean Joseph de Mondonville dies (b. 1711). French composer.
  • 1789 – John Ruggles was born (d. 1874). American politician
  • 1793 – John Hancock dies (b. 1737). American revolutionary and businessman
  • 1795 – Andrew Kippis dies (b. 1725). English non-conformist clergyman and biographer
  • 1803 – Vittorio Alfieri dies. Italian earl/writer
  • 1809 – James Elphinston dies (b. 1721).Scottish philologist.
  • 1818 – John Henninger Reagan was born (d. 1905). American and Confederate politician
  • 1820 – Henri Christophe dies (b. 06 Oct 1767). He was a leader in the war of Haitian independence (1791-1804) and later president (1807-1811) and self-proclaimed King Henry I (1811-1820) of northern Haiti.
  • 1821 – The government of general José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.
  • 1826 – George Garrard dies (b. 31 May 1760). English painter and sculptor.
  • 1826 – Friedrich Krupp dies. Industrialist.
  • 1834 – Walter Kittredge was born (d. 1905). American musician and composer
  • 1834 – François-Adrien Boieldieu dies (b. 1775). French composer.
  • 1835 – HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches James Island, Galapagos archipelago
  • 1840 – First constitution in Haway is proclaimed.
  • 1846 – Portugal: Com a prisão do Duque da Terceira, lugar-tenente da Rainha D. Maria II nas províncias do Norte, por José Passos e forças revoltadas de infantaria 6, tem início a Guerra Civil da Patuleia.
  • 1847 – Rose Scott dies. Australian social reformer
  • 1850 – Henri Louis le Chatelier was born (d. 17 Sep 1936). French chemist who is best known for the principle of Le Chatelier, which makes it possible to predict the effect a change of conditions (temperature, pressure, and concentration of reaction components) will have on a chemical reaction
  • 1856 – The Second Opium War between several western powers and China begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of PerryvilleUnion forces under General Don Carlos Buell halt the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating troops led by General Braxton Bragg at Perryville, Kentucky.
  • 1863 – Edythe Chapman was born (d. 1948). American actress.
  • 1864 – Ozias Leduc was born (d. 1955). Québécois painter.
  • 1865 – António Pedro Lopes de Mendonça dies (b. 1826). Portuguese writer.
  • 1869 – Franklin Pierce dies (b. 1804). 14th President of the United States.
  • 1870 – Louis Vierne was born (d. 1937). French organist
  • 1871 – Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Peshtigo, Wisconsin, Holland, Michigan, and Manistee, Michigan. The Great Chicago Fire is the most famous of these, burning 1,200,000 acres (4,900 km²) in one day, eventually destroying about 17,450 buildings, and killing about 250 people while leaving another 100,000 homeless. The Peshtigo Fire burns 1,200,000 acres (4,900 km²) across six counties in one day and kills 1,200 to 2,500 people, making it the deadliest in United States history. The Holland Fire destroys at least two towns.
  • 1872 – John Cowper Powys was born (d. 17 Jun 1963). Welsh novelist, essayist, and poet. He is known chiefly for his long panoramic novels, including Wolf Solent (1929), A Glastonbury Romance (1932), and Owen Glendower (1940). His other works include an Autobiography (1934) and books of essays such as The Meaning of Culture (1930), The Pleasures of Literature (1938), The Art of Growing Old (1943).
  • 1873 – Ejnar Hertzsprung was born in Copenhagen (d. 21 Oct 1967). Danish astronomer who classified types of stars by relating their surface temperature (or colour) to their absolute brightness
  • 1877 – Hans Heysen was born (d. 1968). German-born landscape artist.
  • 1878 – Alfred Munnings was born. British painter
  • 1879 – War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • 1879 – Ch’en Ch’ien-sheng “Ch’en Tu-hsiu” was born (d. 27 May 1942). Founder of the Chinese Communist Party (May 1920) and a major leader in developing the cultural basis of revolution in China. He was removed from his position of leadership in 1927 and was expelled from the Communist Party in 1929.
  • 1879 – Miguel Grau Seminario dies (b. 1834). Peruvian Admiral.
  • 1883 – Otto Heinrich Warburg was born (d. 1 Aug 1970). German biochemist awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1931 for his research on cellular respiration, the process by which substances directly supplied to cells or stored in them are broken down into simpler components while using up oxygen.
  • 1884 – Walther von Reichenau was born (d. 1942). German military.
  • 1886 – Austin F. Pike dies (b. 1819). American politician from New Hampshire.
  • 1887 – Huntley Gordon was born (d. 1956). Canadian actor
  • 1888 – Melville Fuller is sworn in as the 8th Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1888 – Ernst Kretschmer was born (d. 8 Feb 1964). German psychiatrist who attempted to correlate body build and physical constitution with personality characteristics and mental illness
  • 1889 – C. E. Woolman was born (d. 1966). American airline founder.
  • 1890 – Edward Rickenbacker was born (d. 1973). American pilot.
  • 1890 – Philippe Thys was born (d. 1971). Belgian cyclist.
  • 1894 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. dies (b. 1809). American physician and writer
  • 1895 – Eulmi incident- Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea, is assassinated and her corpse burnt by the Japanese in Gyeongbok Palace.
  • 1895 – The Berliner Gramophone Company was founded in Philadelphia. Record players were not too far off in the future
  • 1895 – Juan Perón was born (d. 1 Jul 1974). President of Argentina (1946-1955; 1973-1974); married Eva Peron [Evita] who died in 1952; married Maria Estela Martinez aka Isabel, who became Vice President of Argentina in 1973 and then took over the presidency upon the death of her husband [1974];
  • 1895 – Zog I was born (d. 1961). King of Albania.
  • 1896 – Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks.
  • 1896 – Julien Duvivier was born (d. 1967). French film director.
  • 1897 – Alexei Savrasov dies (b. 1830). Russian painter.
  • 1901 – Doris Allen was born (d. 2002). American psychologist.
  • 1901 – Eivind Groven was born (d. 1977).Norwegian composer and ethnomusicologist.
  • 1904 – Clemens Alexander Winkler dies. German chemist who discovered the element germanium (1886).
  • 1905 – A permanent waving machine was first used on a woman’s hair, by Charles Nessler.
  • 1906 – Harry Gilbert Day was born. American nutritional biochemist who helped develop (with Joe Muhler and William Nebergall) the fluoride additive used in toothpaste to combat tooth decay
  • 1910 – Kirk Alyn was born (d. 1999). American actor.
  • 1910 – Ray Lewis was born (d. 2003). Canadian runner.
  • 1910 – Gus Hall was born (d. 2000). American union organizer.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
  • 1913 – Robert Rowe Gilruth was born (d. 17 Aug 2000). American aerospace scientist, engineer, and a pioneer of the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo space programs
  • 1914 – Joseph Déchelette dies (b. 8 Jan 1862). French archaeologist who was an authority on Gallo-Roman and Celtic coins. He wrote Le Manuel d’archéologie préhistorique, celtique et gallo-romaine (1908-14) about the pre-history of France.
  • 1915 – World War I – The Battle of Loos ended. Almost 430,000 French, British & Germans killed
  • 1917 – Walter Lord was born (d. 2002). American author.
  • 1917 – Billy Conn was born (d. 1993). American boxer.
  • 1917 – Danny Murtaugh was born (d. 1976). Baseball player and manager.
  • 1917 – Rodney Robert Porter was born (d. 7 Sep 1985). British biochemist who (with Gerald M. Edelman) was awarded the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodies.
  • 1918 – World War I – In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132.
  • 1918 – Jens Christian Skou was born. Danish biophysicist who (with Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker) was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1997 for his discovery of the enzyme called sodium-potassium-activated adenosine triphosphatase.
  • 1918 – Ron Randell was born. Film character actor
  • 1918 – Saturnino Hernán dies. Mexican painter.
  • 1919 – Kiichi Miyazawa was born (d. 2007). 78th Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 1920 – Frank Herbert was born (d. 1986). American writer.
  • 1924 – Alphons Egli was born. Member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1925 – Álvaro Alfredo Magaña Borja was born. President of S. Salvador (1982-1984)
  • 1927 – In Game 4 of the 1927 Stanley Cup, Boston Bruins defenseman Billy Coutu starts a brawl, punching referee Jerry LaFlamme. As a result, Coutu becomes the first player to be suspended for life from the NHL.
  • 1927 – Murderers’ Row: the New York Yankees sweep the Pittsburgh Pirates to win the 1927 World Series in four games.
  • 1927 – Jim Elliot was born (d. 1956). American missionary.
  • 1927 – César Milstein was born in Bahía Blanca (d. 24 Mar 2002). Argentine immunologist biochemist. Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984 shared with Niels K. Jerne and Georges J.F. Köhler “for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies” .
  • 1927 – Ricardo Güiraldes dies in Paris (d. 13 Feb 1886). Argentine writer “Don segundo sombra”.
  • 1928 – Joseph Szigeti debuted Alfredo Casella‘s Violin Concerto.
  • 1928 – Bill Maynard was born. British actor
  • 1928 – Neil Harvey was born. Australian cricketer
  • 1928 – Larry Semon dies (b. 1889). American silent film comedian.
  • 1929 – Franklin W. Stahl was born. U.S. geneticist who, in 1958, (with Matthew Meselson) elucidated the mode of replication of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA; the gene substance) a double-stranded helix that dissociates to form two strands, each of which directs the construction of a new sister strand
  • 1929 – Betty Boothroyd was born. British MP, the Speaker of the House of Commons
  • 1931 – Sir John Monash dies (b. 1865). Australian soldier general.
  • 1932 – Ray Reardon was born. Welsh snooker player
  • 1932 – The Indian Air Force is established.
  • 1933 – Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government
  • 1935 – Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie & Harriet)
  • 1936 – David Carradine was born. Actor.
  • 1936 – Rona Barrett was born. Entertainment reporter.
  • 1936 – Red Ames dies (b. 1882). American baseball player.
  • 1936 – William Henry Stark dies (b. 1851). American business leader.
  • 1937 – Merle Park was born. British ballerina.
  • 1938 – Fred Stolle was born. Australian tennis player
  • 1939 – World War II: Germany annexes Western Poland.
  • 1939 – Paul Hogan was born. Australian actor (Crocodile Dundee series, Lightning Jack, Flipper)
  • 1940 – Fred Cash was born. American singer (The Impressions)
  • 1940 – Robert Emden dies (b. 4 Mar 1862). Swiss physicist and astrophysicist who developed a theory of expansion and compression of gas spheres and applied it to stellar structure.
  • 1941 – World War II: In their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol.
  • 1941 – Jesse Jackson was born. American clergyman and civil rights activist
  • 1942 – Sergei Chaplygin dies. Soviet engineer
  • 1943 – Chevy Chase was born. American comedian and actor
  • 1943 – R. L. Stine was born. American author
  • 1944 – The radio show, The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet debuts
  • 1944 – The Battle of Crucifix Hill, a World War II battle, occurs on Crucifix Hill just outside of Aachen. Capt. Bobbie Brown wins a medal of Honor for his heroics in this battle.
  • 1944 – Susan Raye was born. American singer.
  • 1944 – Wendell Willkie dies (b. 1892). American politician and Presidential candidate.
  • 1945 – Felix Salten dies (b. 1869). Austrian author.
  • 1946 – Dennis Kucinich was born. American politician, U.S. congressman and presidential candidate.
  • 1946 – Jean-Jacques Beineix was born. French film director.
  • 1947 – Tony Wilson was born. British bassist and singer.
  • 1948 – Johnny Ramone was born (d.2004). American guitarist (The Ramones)
  • 1948 – Benjamin Cheever was born. American novelist and editor.
  • 1948 – Sarah Purcell was born. American television host.
  • 1948 – Pedro López was born. Colombian serial killer.
  • 1948 – Claude Jade was born (d. 2006). French actress.
  • 1949 – Sigourney Weaver was born. American actress (Gorillas in the Mist, Alien series, Working Girl, Dave, Ghostbusters series, Annie Hall, The Year of Living Dangerously); daughter of Sylvester Pat Weaver
  • 1950 – Robert Kool Bell was born. American musician (Kool & the Gang)
  • 1951 – Jack O’Connell was born. American politician
  • 1952 – A three-train disaster in London kills 112 people.
  • 1952 – Edward Zwick was born. American film director
  • 1952 – Jan Marijnissen was born. Dutch politician
  • 1952 – Joe Adams dies (b. 1877). American baseball player.
  • 1953 – Nigel Bruce dies (b. 1895). British actor
  • 1953 – Kathleen Ferrier dies (b. 1912). British contralto
  • 1954 – Michael Dudikoff was born. American actor: Virtual Assassin, Soldier Boyz, The Human Shield, American Ninja series, Platoon Leader, Avenging Force, Bachelor Party, I Ought to Be in Pictures, The Black Marble, Star of the Family, Cobra
  • 1954 – Huub Rothengatter was born. Dutch racecar driver.
  • 1955 – Bill Elliott was born. American racecar driver
  • 1956 – New York Yankees baseball pitcher Don Larsen pitches first (and only) perfect game in World Series history in Game 5 of the 1956 World Series.
  • 1956 – Stephanie Zimbalist was born. American actress
  • 1956 – Jeff Lahti was born. American baseball player
  • 1957 – Baseball: Walter O’Malley announces that the Dodgers are going to move from Brooklyn, New York to Los Angeles, California
  • 1957 – Joe Castiglione was born. American college athletic director
  • 1958 – Steve Coll was born. American journalist
  • 1958 – Ran Bosilek dies (b. 1886). Bulgarian author and translator.
  • 1959 – Nick Bakay was born. American actor, voice actor, and comedian
  • 1959 – Mike Morgan was born. American baseball player
  • 1960 – François Pérusse was born. Quebec humorist.
  • 1962 – Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes the article “Bedingt abwehrbereit” (“Conditionally prepared for defense”) about a NATO manoeuver called “Fallex 62”, which uncovered the sorry state of the Bundeswehr (Germany’s army) facing the communist threat from the east at the time. The magazine was soon accused of treason.
  • 1962 – Algeria admitted as 109th member of the UN.
  • 1962 – Bruno Thiry was born. Belgian rally driver.
  • 1964 – CeCe Winans was born. American singer.
  • 1965 – London’s Post Office Tower, Britain’s tallest building, opened.
  • 1965 – Ardal O’Hanlon was born. Irish comedian
  • 1965 – C-Jay Ramone was born. American bassist (The Ramones)
  • 1966 – Art Barr was born (d. 1994). American wrestler.
  • 1967 – Guerrilla leader Che Guevara (b. 14 Jun 1928) and his men are captured in Bolivia. He was executed next day.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: Operation SealordsUnited States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
  • 1968 – Leeroy Thornhill was born. British musician (The Prodigy)
  • 1968 – Zvonimir Boban was born. Croatian football player
  • 1969 – Julia Ann was born. American porn actress
  • 1969 – Dylan Neal was born. Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Matt Damon was born. American actor ( Saving Private Ryan, Courage Under Fire, Good Will Hunting, The Talented Mr. Ripley, Ocean’s Eleven )
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon‘s October 7 peace proposal as “a maneuver to deceive world opinion.”
  • 1970 – Soviet author Alexander Solzhenitsyn (b. 11 Dec 1918) won the Nobel Prize in literature, “for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature.”
  • 1970 – Tetsuya Nomura was born. Japanese Video Games Director, Character Designer and Concept Designer
  • 1970 – Matt Damon was born. American actor
  • 1970 – Gauri Khan was born. Wife of Indian actor Shahrukh Khan
  • 1970 – Tetsuya Nomura was born. Japanese video-game designer
  • 1970 – Soon-Yi Previn was born. Korean American actress
  • 1970 – Mitr Chaibancha dies (b. 1934). Thai film actor.
  • 1970 – Jean Giono dies (b. 1895). French author.
  • 1971 – John Lennon releases his megahit “Imagine”
  • 1972 – DJ Q-Ball was born. American Musician (Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1972 – Stanislav Varga was born. Slovakian footballer
  • 1973 – Yom Kippur War: Gabi Amir’s armored brigade attacks Egyptian occupied positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving them away. The attack fails, and over 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed.
  • 1973 – Rhys Evans was born. Renowned Welsh born raconteur and street performer
  • 1973 – LBC (London Broadcasting), Britain’s first legal commercial radio station, began transmitting.
  • 1973 – Gabriel Marcel dies (b. 1889). French philosopher.
  • 1974 – Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
  • 1974 – Fredrik Modin was born. Swedish ice hockey player.
  • 1976 – Karina Bacchi was born. Brazilian actress.
  • 1976 – Renate Groenewold was born. Dutch speed skater.
  • 1977 – Anne-Caroline Chausson was born. French down hill mountain bike rider.
  • 1977 – Giorgos Papasideris dies (b. 1902). Greek country singer, composer and lyricist.
  • 1978 – Australia‘s Ken Warby sets the current world water speed record of 317.60 mph at Blowering Dam, Australia.
  • 1979 – Kristanna Loken was born. American actress and model
  • 1980 – USSR & Syria sign peace treaty.
  • 1980 – Mike Mizanin was born. American professional wrestler and host of Smackdown!
  • 1980 – Nick Cannon was born. American actor
  • 1981 – Raffi Torres was born. Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Poland bans Solidarity. A new law in Poland banned Solidarity and forbid the setting up of new trade unions.
  • 1982 – Fernando Lamas dies (b. 1916). Argentine actor.
  • 1982 – Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker dies (b. 1889). English peace activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1983 – Michael Fraser was born. Scottish football goalkeeper
  • 1983 – Travis Pastrana was born. American motorsports competitor
  • 1983 – Joan Hackett dies (b. 1934). American actress.
  • 1984 – Anne Murray won the Country Music Association’s Album of the Year Award this day for A Little Good News. Murray was the first woman to win this award
  • 1985 – Eiji Wentz was born. German-Japanese entertainer and singer.
  • 1986 – The Broadway musical Les Miserables has its world premiere in London‘s West End.
  • 1987 – Dustin Breeding was born. American singer (B5)
  • 1989 – The Latvian Popular Front announced its intention to seek independence from the USSR.
  • 1989 – Armand Traore was born. French footballer.
  • 1990 – Britain’s first full day in ERM Hectic trading in the City marks Britain’s first day as a full member of the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) of the European Monetary System.
  • 1990 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount
  • 1990 – American doctors Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas won the Nobel Prize in Medicine, “for their discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease.”
  • 1990 – B.J. Wilson dies (b. 1947). English musician (Procol Harum).
  • 1991 – The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
  • 1992 – West Indian poet Derek Walcott was the winner of the 1992 Nobel Prize in literature, “for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment.”
  • 1993 – Angus T. Jones was born. American actor
  • 1996 – American economist William Vickrey (Columbia University) and British professor James Mirrlees (Cambridge University) were winners of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, “for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information.” The 82-year-old Vickrey died October 11, 1996 (three days after the Nobel announcement).
  • 1996 – US economist William Vickrey (b. 21 Jun1914 – d. 11 Oct 1996) and British professor James Mirrlees [05 Jul 1936~] are named co-winners of the 1996 Nobel economics prize.
  • 1997 – Bertrand Goldberg dies (b. 1913). American architect.
  • 1998 – Oslo Airport Gardermoen, Norway opens.
  • 1998 – José Saramago (b. 16 Nov 1922), Portuguese novelist is laureate with The Nobel Prize in Literature. In its citation, the Swedish Academy said it gave the award to Saramago for work that “with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us to apprehend an illusory reality.”
  • 1999 – New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Colignay Calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar.
  • 1999 – John McLendon dies (b. 1915). American basketball coach.
  • 2001 – A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118.
  • 2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security, which will be headed by Tom Ridge.
  • 2001 – The main body of the Russian submarine Kursk, is raised from 108 m down on be Barents Sea floor where it had sunk on 12 August 2000, killing all 116 on board. The salvage operation is conducted from a giant barge with computer-controlled cables by the Dutch companies Mammoet and Smit International, contracted for some $65 million by the Russian government.
  • 2001 – The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet announces that the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2001 is awarded to Leland H. Hartwell (b. 30 Oct 1939~) (USA), Richard Timothy “Tim” Hunt (b.19 Feb 1943~) (UK) and Paul M. Nurse (b.25 Jan 1949~ ) (UK), for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle
  • 2002 – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announces the award of the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2002 with one half jointly to Raymond Davis Jr (USA) (b. 14 Oct 1914~), and Masatoshi Koshiba (Japan) (b.19 Sep 1926~) “for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos” and the other half to Riccardo Giacconi (USA) (b. 06 Oct 1931~) “for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources”.
  • 2003 – Film star Arnold Schwarzenegger is elected governor of California, ousting the incumbent, Gray Davis, three years before the end of his term of office.
  • 2003 – Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark‘s engagement to Australian lawyer Mary Donaldson is announced
  • 2003 – This year’s Nobel Prize for Economics is announced to go to Robert F. Engle “for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)” and to Clive W. J. Granger (b. 1934~) “for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)”. Both laureates are from the US.
  • 2003 – This year’s Nobel Prize for Chemistry is announced to be awarded “for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes”, to Peter Agre [1949~] “for the discovery of water channels” and to Roderick MacKinnon (b. 1956~) “for structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels”. Both laureates are from the US
  • 2004 – Martha Stewart goes to jail.
  • 2004 – Schapelle Corby is arrested for drugs smuggling in Bali.
  • 2004 – It is announced that the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize will go to Kenyan activist Wangari Maathai [01 Apr 1940] “for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace.” One of her achievements is the Green Belt Movement, which she founded in 1977.
  • 2004 – Jacques Derrida dies (b. 1930). French philosopher.
  • 2004 – James Chace dies (b. 1931). American historian.
  • 2005 – The Kashmir earthquake hits parts of northern South Asia at 03:50 UTC. Many hundreds of people die in Pakistan, north India and Afghanistan following a massive quake.
  • 2006 – Mark Porter dies (b. 1975). New Zealand racing driver.
  • Wales and Cornwall – Saint Keyne
  • Bolivia – reportedly, Che Guevara is honoured on this day at which he was captured in La Higuera, as San Ernesto, answering prayers for rain.
  • Day of Independence in Croatia
  • Navy Day in Peru
 

On this day in History – Oct. 8

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:45 pm
  • 0314 – Roman Emperor Licinius is defeated by his colleague Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae, and loses his European territories.
  • 0451 – At Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins (ends on November 1).
  • 0705 – Death of Caliph Abd al-Malik, in Damascus.
  • 0976 – Jelena of Zadar dies. Croatian queen
  • 1085 – St Mark’s Cathedral in Venice was consecrated.
  • 1179 – Death of Odo de Saint-Amand, 8th Master of the Templars.
  • 1286 – John I of Dreux dies (b. 1217). Duke of Brittany
  • 1317 – Fushimi dies (b. 1265). Emperor of Japan.
  • 1515 – Margaret Douglas was born (d. 1578). Countess of Lennox.
  • 1515 – Partida da expedição de Juan Díaz de Solís (descobridor do Rio da Prata)
  • 1575 – Jan Massys dies. Flemish painter.
  • 1582 – Beacuse of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1585 – Heinrich Schutz was born. Composer
  • 1600 – San Marino adopts its written constitution.
  • 1604 – The supernova called “Kepler’s nova” is 1st sighted.
  • 1610 – Polish troops capture Moscow.
  • 1621 – Antoine de Montchrétien dies. French dramatist and economist
  • 1647 – Christian Sørensen Longomontanus dies (b. 1562). Danish astronomer.
  • 1652 – John Greaves dies (b. 1602). English mathematician and antiquarian.
  • 1656 – John George I, Elector of Saxony dies (b. 1585)
  • 1659 – Jean de Quen dies. French Jesuit missionary and historian
  • 1676 – Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro was born (d. 1764). Spanish scholar.
  • 1708 – Jean Perronet was born (d. 27 Feb 1794). French civil engineer renowned for his stone-arch bridges, especially the Pont de la Concorde, Paris.
  • 1713 – Yechezkel Landau was born (d. 1793). Polish rabbi and Talmudist.
  • 1715 – Michel Benoist was born (d. 1774). French Jesuit missionary.
  • 1720 – Jonathan Mayhew was born (d. 1766). American minister.
  • 1735 – Yongzheng dies (b. 1678). Emperor of China.
  • 1747 – Jean-François Rewbell was born (d. 1807). French politician.
  • 1754 – Henry Fielding dies in Lisbon (b. 1707). English novelist and dramatist. His Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon will appear the following year.
  • 1765 – Harman Blennerhassett was born (d. 1831). Irish lawyer.
  • 1772 – Jean Joseph de Mondonville dies (b. 1711). French composer.
  • 1789 – John Ruggles was born (d. 1874). American politician
  • 1793 – John Hancock dies (b. 1737). American revolutionary and businessman
  • 1795 – Andrew Kippis dies (b. 1725). English non-conformist clergyman and biographer
  • 1803 – Vittorio Alfieri dies. Italian earl/writer
  • 1809 – James Elphinston dies (b. 1721).Scottish philologist.
  • 1818 – John Henninger Reagan was born (d. 1905). American and Confederate politician
  • 1820 – Henri Christophe dies (b. 06 Oct 1767). He was a leader in the war of Haitian independence (1791-1804) and later president (1807-1811) and self-proclaimed King Henry I (1811-1820) of northern Haiti.
  • 1821 – The government of general José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.
  • 1826 – George Garrard dies (b. 31 May 1760). English painter and sculptor.
  • 1826 – Friedrich Krupp dies. Industrialist.
  • 1834 – Walter Kittredge was born (d. 1905). American musician and composer
  • 1834 – François-Adrien Boieldieu dies (b. 1775). French composer.
  • 1835 – HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches James Island, Galapagos archipelago
  • 1840 – First constitution in Haway is proclaimed.
  • 1846 – Portugal: Com a prisão do Duque da Terceira, lugar-tenente da Rainha D. Maria II nas províncias do Norte, por José Passos e forças revoltadas de infantaria 6, tem início a Guerra Civil da Patuleia.
  • 1847 – Rose Scott dies. Australian social reformer
  • 1850 – Henri Louis le Chatelier was born (d. 17 Sep 1936). French chemist who is best known for the principle of Le Chatelier, which makes it possible to predict the effect a change of conditions (temperature, pressure, and concentration of reaction components) will have on a chemical reaction
  • 1856 – The Second Opium War between several western powers and China begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of PerryvilleUnion forces under General Don Carlos Buell halt the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating troops led by General Braxton Bragg at Perryville, Kentucky.
  • 1863 – Edythe Chapman was born (d. 1948). American actress.
  • 1864 – Ozias Leduc was born (d. 1955). Québécois painter.
  • 1865 – António Pedro Lopes de Mendonça dies (b. 1826). Portuguese writer.
  • 1869 – Franklin Pierce dies (b. 1804). 14th President of the United States.
  • 1870 – Louis Vierne was born (d. 1937). French organist
  • 1871 – Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Peshtigo, Wisconsin, Holland, Michigan, and Manistee, Michigan. The Great Chicago Fire is the most famous of these, burning 1,200,000 acres (4,900 km²) in one day, eventually destroying about 17,450 buildings, and killing about 250 people while leaving another 100,000 homeless. The Peshtigo Fire burns 1,200,000 acres (4,900 km²) across six counties in one day and kills 1,200 to 2,500 people, making it the deadliest in United States history. The Holland Fire destroys at least two towns.
  • 1872 – John Cowper Powys was born (d. 17 Jun 1963). Welsh novelist, essayist, and poet. He is known chiefly for his long panoramic novels, including Wolf Solent (1929), A Glastonbury Romance (1932), and Owen Glendower (1940). His other works include an Autobiography (1934) and books of essays such as The Meaning of Culture (1930), The Pleasures of Literature (1938), The Art of Growing Old (1943).
  • 1873 – Ejnar Hertzsprung was born in Copenhagen (d. 21 Oct 1967). Danish astronomer who classified types of stars by relating their surface temperature (or colour) to their absolute brightness
  • 1877 – Hans Heysen was born (d. 1968). German-born landscape artist.
  • 1878 – Alfred Munnings was born. British painter
  • 1879 – War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • 1879 – Ch’en Ch’ien-sheng “Ch’en Tu-hsiu” was born (d. 27 May 1942). Founder of the Chinese Communist Party (May 1920) and a major leader in developing the cultural basis of revolution in China. He was removed from his position of leadership in 1927 and was expelled from the Communist Party in 1929.
  • 1879 – Miguel Grau Seminario dies (b. 1834). Peruvian Admiral.
  • 1883 – Otto Heinrich Warburg was born (d. 1 Aug 1970). German biochemist awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1931 for his research on cellular respiration, the process by which substances directly supplied to cells or stored in them are broken down into simpler components while using up oxygen.
  • 1884 – Walther von Reichenau was born (d. 1942). German military.
  • 1886 – Austin F. Pike dies (b. 1819). American politician from New Hampshire.
  • 1887 – Huntley Gordon was born (d. 1956). Canadian actor
  • 1888 – Melville Fuller is sworn in as the 8th Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1888 – Ernst Kretschmer was born (d. 8 Feb 1964). German psychiatrist who attempted to correlate body build and physical constitution with personality characteristics and mental illness
  • 1889 – C. E. Woolman was born (d. 1966). American airline founder.
  • 1890 – Edward Rickenbacker was born (d. 1973). American pilot.
  • 1890 – Philippe Thys was born (d. 1971). Belgian cyclist.
  • 1894 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. dies (b. 1809). American physician and writer
  • 1895 – Eulmi incident- Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea, is assassinated and her corpse burnt by the Japanese in Gyeongbok Palace.
  • 1895 – The Berliner Gramophone Company was founded in Philadelphia. Record players were not too far off in the future
  • 1895 – Juan Perón was born (d. 1 Jul 1974). President of Argentina (1946-1955; 1973-1974); married Eva Peron [Evita] who died in 1952; married Maria Estela Martinez aka Isabel, who became Vice President of Argentina in 1973 and then took over the presidency upon the death of her husband [1974];
  • 1895 – Zog I was born (d. 1961). King of Albania.
  • 1896 – Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks.
  • 1896 – Julien Duvivier was born (d. 1967). French film director.
  • 1897 – Alexei Savrasov dies (b. 1830). Russian painter.
  • 1901 – Doris Allen was born (d. 2002). American psychologist.
  • 1901 – Eivind Groven was born (d. 1977).Norwegian composer and ethnomusicologist.
  • 1904 – Clemens Alexander Winkler dies. German chemist who discovered the element germanium (1886).
  • 1905 – A permanent waving machine was first used on a woman’s hair, by Charles Nessler.
  • 1906 – Harry Gilbert Day was born. American nutritional biochemist who helped develop (with Joe Muhler and William Nebergall) the fluoride additive used in toothpaste to combat tooth decay
  • 1910 – Kirk Alyn was born (d. 1999). American actor.
  • 1910 – Ray Lewis was born (d. 2003). Canadian runner.
  • 1910 – Gus Hall was born (d. 2000). American union organizer.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
  • 1913 – Robert Rowe Gilruth was born (d. 17 Aug 2000). American aerospace scientist, engineer, and a pioneer of the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo space programs
  • 1914 – Joseph Déchelette dies (b. 8 Jan 1862). French archaeologist who was an authority on Gallo-Roman and Celtic coins. He wrote Le Manuel d’archéologie préhistorique, celtique et gallo-romaine (1908-14) about the pre-history of France.
  • 1915 – World War I – The Battle of Loos ended. Almost 430,000 French, British & Germans killed
  • 1917 – Walter Lord was born (d. 2002). American author.
  • 1917 – Billy Conn was born (d. 1993). American boxer.
  • 1917 – Danny Murtaugh was born (d. 1976). Baseball player and manager.
  • 1917 – Rodney Robert Porter was born (d. 7 Sep 1985). British biochemist who (with Gerald M. Edelman) was awarded the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodies.
  • 1918 – World War I – In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132.
  • 1918 – Jens Christian Skou was born. Danish biophysicist who (with Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker) was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1997 for his discovery of the enzyme called sodium-potassium-activated adenosine triphosphatase.
  • 1918 – Ron Randell was born. Film character actor
  • 1918 – Saturnino Hernán dies. Mexican painter.
  • 1919 – Kiichi Miyazawa was born (d. 2007). 78th Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 1920 – Frank Herbert was born (d. 1986). American writer.
  • 1924 – Alphons Egli was born. Member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1925 – Álvaro Alfredo Magaña Borja was born. President of S. Salvador (1982-1984)
  • 1927 – In Game 4 of the 1927 Stanley Cup, Boston Bruins defenseman Billy Coutu starts a brawl, punching referee Jerry LaFlamme. As a result, Coutu becomes the first player to be suspended for life from the NHL.
  • 1927 – Murderers’ Row: the New York Yankees sweep the Pittsburgh Pirates to win the 1927 World Series in four games.
  • 1927 – Jim Elliot was born (d. 1956). American missionary.
  • 1927 – César Milstein was born in Bahía Blanca (d. 24 Mar 2002). Argentine immunologist biochemist. Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984 shared with Niels K. Jerne and Georges J.F. Köhler “for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies” .
  • 1927 – Ricardo Güiraldes dies in Paris (d. 13 Feb 1886). Argentine writer “Don segundo sombra”.
  • 1928 – Joseph Szigeti debuted Alfredo Casella‘s Violin Concerto.
  • 1928 – Bill Maynard was born. British actor
  • 1928 – Neil Harvey was born. Australian cricketer
  • 1928 – Larry Semon dies (b. 1889). American silent film comedian.
  • 1929 – Franklin W. Stahl was born. U.S. geneticist who, in 1958, (with Matthew Meselson) elucidated the mode of replication of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA; the gene substance) a double-stranded helix that dissociates to form two strands, each of which directs the construction of a new sister strand
  • 1929 – Betty Boothroyd was born. British MP, the Speaker of the House of Commons
  • 1931 – Sir John Monash dies (b. 1865). Australian soldier general.
  • 1932 – Ray Reardon was born. Welsh snooker player
  • 1932 – The Indian Air Force is established.
  • 1933 – Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government
  • 1935 – Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie & Harriet)
  • 1936 – David Carradine was born. Actor.
  • 1936 – Rona Barrett was born. Entertainment reporter.
  • 1936 – Red Ames dies (b. 1882). American baseball player.
  • 1936 – William Henry Stark dies (b. 1851). American business leader.
  • 1937 – Merle Park was born. British ballerina.
  • 1938 – Fred Stolle was born. Australian tennis player
  • 1939 – World War II: Germany annexes Western Poland.
  • 1939 – Paul Hogan was born. Australian actor (Crocodile Dundee series, Lightning Jack, Flipper)
  • 1940 – Fred Cash was born. American singer (The Impressions)
  • 1940 – Robert Emden dies (b. 4 Mar 1862). Swiss physicist and astrophysicist who developed a theory of expansion and compression of gas spheres and applied it to stellar structure.
  • 1941 – World War II: In their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol.
  • 1941 – Jesse Jackson was born. American clergyman and civil rights activist
  • 1942 – Sergei Chaplygin dies. Soviet engineer
  • 1943 – Chevy Chase was born. American comedian and actor
  • 1943 – R. L. Stine was born. American author
  • 1944 – The radio show, The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet debuts
  • 1944 – The Battle of Crucifix Hill, a World War II battle, occurs on Crucifix Hill just outside of Aachen. Capt. Bobbie Brown wins a medal of Honor for his heroics in this battle.
  • 1944 – Susan Raye was born. American singer.
  • 1944 – Wendell Willkie dies (b. 1892). American politician and Presidential candidate.
  • 1945 – Felix Salten dies (b. 1869). Austrian author.
  • 1946 – Dennis Kucinich was born. American politician, U.S. congressman and presidential candidate.
  • 1946 – Jean-Jacques Beineix was born. French film director.
  • 1947 – Tony Wilson was born. British bassist and singer.
  • 1948 – Johnny Ramone was born (d.2004). American guitarist (The Ramones)
  • 1948 – Benjamin Cheever was born. American novelist and editor.
  • 1948 – Sarah Purcell was born. American television host.
  • 1948 – Pedro López was born. Colombian serial killer.
  • 1948 – Claude Jade was born (d. 2006). French actress.
  • 1949 – Sigourney Weaver was born. American actress (Gorillas in the Mist, Alien series, Working Girl, Dave, Ghostbusters series, Annie Hall, The Year of Living Dangerously); daughter of Sylvester Pat Weaver
  • 1950 – Robert Kool Bell was born. American musician (Kool & the Gang)
  • 1951 – Jack O’Connell was born. American politician
  • 1952 – A three-train disaster in London kills 112 people.
  • 1952 – Edward Zwick was born. American film director
  • 1952 – Jan Marijnissen was born. Dutch politician
  • 1952 – Joe Adams dies (b. 1877). American baseball player.
  • 1953 – Nigel Bruce dies (b. 1895). British actor
  • 1953 – Kathleen Ferrier dies (b. 1912). British contralto
  • 1954 – Michael Dudikoff was born. American actor: Virtual Assassin, Soldier Boyz, The Human Shield, American Ninja series, Platoon Leader, Avenging Force, Bachelor Party, I Ought to Be in Pictures, The Black Marble, Star of the Family, Cobra
  • 1954 – Huub Rothengatter was born. Dutch racecar driver.
  • 1955 – Bill Elliott was born. American racecar driver
  • 1956 – New York Yankees baseball pitcher Don Larsen pitches first (and only) perfect game in World Series history in Game 5 of the 1956 World Series.
  • 1956 – Stephanie Zimbalist was born. American actress
  • 1956 – Jeff Lahti was born. American baseball player
  • 1957 – Baseball: Walter O’Malley announces that the Dodgers are going to move from Brooklyn, New York to Los Angeles, California
  • 1957 – Joe Castiglione was born. American college athletic director
  • 1958 – Steve Coll was born. American journalist
  • 1958 – Ran Bosilek dies (b. 1886). Bulgarian author and translator.
  • 1959 – Nick Bakay was born. American actor, voice actor, and comedian
  • 1959 – Mike Morgan was born. American baseball player
  • 1960 – François Pérusse was born. Quebec humorist.
  • 1962 – Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes the article “Bedingt abwehrbereit” (“Conditionally prepared for defense”) about a NATO manoeuver called “Fallex 62”, which uncovered the sorry state of the Bundeswehr (Germany’s army) facing the communist threat from the east at the time. The magazine was soon accused of treason.
  • 1962 – Algeria admitted as 109th member of the UN.
  • 1962 – Bruno Thiry was born. Belgian rally driver.
  • 1964 – CeCe Winans was born. American singer.
  • 1965 – London’s Post Office Tower, Britain’s tallest building, opened.
  • 1965 – Ardal O’Hanlon was born. Irish comedian
  • 1965 – C-Jay Ramone was born. American bassist (The Ramones)
  • 1966 – Art Barr was born (d. 1994). American wrestler.
  • 1967 – Guerrilla leader Che Guevara (b. 14 Jun 1928) and his men are captured in Bolivia. He was executed next day.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: Operation SealordsUnited States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
  • 1968 – Leeroy Thornhill was born. British musician (The Prodigy)
  • 1968 – Zvonimir Boban was born. Croatian football player
  • 1969 – Julia Ann was born. American porn actress
  • 1969 – Dylan Neal was born. Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Matt Damon was born. American actor ( Saving Private Ryan, Courage Under Fire, Good Will Hunting, The Talented Mr. Ripley, Ocean’s Eleven )
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon‘s October 7 peace proposal as “a maneuver to deceive world opinion.”
  • 1970 – Soviet author Alexander Solzhenitsyn (b. 11 Dec 1918) won the Nobel Prize in literature, “for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature.”
  • 1970 – Tetsuya Nomura was born. Japanese Video Games Director, Character Designer and Concept Designer
  • 1970 – Matt Damon was born. American actor
  • 1970 – Gauri Khan was born. Wife of Indian actor Shahrukh Khan
  • 1970 – Tetsuya Nomura was born. Japanese video-game designer
  • 1970 – Soon-Yi Previn was born. Korean American actress
  • 1970 – Mitr Chaibancha dies (b. 1934). Thai film actor.
  • 1970 – Jean Giono dies (b. 1895). French author.
  • 1971 – John Lennon releases his megahit “Imagine”
  • 1972 – DJ Q-Ball was born. American Musician (Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1972 – Stanislav Varga was born. Slovakian footballer
  • 1973 – Yom Kippur War: Gabi Amir’s armored brigade attacks Egyptian occupied positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving them away. The attack fails, and over 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed.
  • 1973 – Rhys Evans was born. Renowned Welsh born raconteur and street performer
  • 1973 – LBC (London Broadcasting), Britain’s first legal commercial radio station, began transmitting.
  • 1973 – Gabriel Marcel dies (b. 1889). French philosopher.
  • 1974 – Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
  • 1974 – Fredrik Modin was born. Swedish ice hockey player.
  • 1976 – Karina Bacchi was born. Brazilian actress.
  • 1976 – Renate Groenewold was born. Dutch speed skater.
  • 1977 – Anne-Caroline Chausson was born. French down hill mountain bike rider.
  • 1977 – Giorgos Papasideris dies (b. 1902). Greek country singer, composer and lyricist.
  • 1978 – Australia‘s Ken Warby sets the current world water speed record of 317.60 mph at Blowering Dam, Australia.
  • 1979 – Kristanna Loken was born. American actress and model
  • 1980 – USSR & Syria sign peace treaty.
  • 1980 – Mike Mizanin was born. American professional wrestler and host of Smackdown!
  • 1980 – Nick Cannon was born. American actor
  • 1981 – Raffi Torres was born. Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Poland bans Solidarity. A new law in Poland banned Solidarity and forbid the setting up of new trade unions.
  • 1982 – Fernando Lamas dies (b. 1916). Argentine actor.
  • 1982 – Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker dies (b. 1889). English peace activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1983 – Michael Fraser was born. Scottish football goalkeeper
  • 1983 – Travis Pastrana was born. American motorsports competitor
  • 1983 – Joan Hackett dies (b. 1934). American actress.
  • 1984 – Anne Murray won the Country Music Association’s Album of the Year Award this day for A Little Good News. Murray was the first woman to win this award
  • 1985 – Eiji Wentz was born. German-Japanese entertainer and singer.
  • 1986 – The Broadway musical Les Miserables has its world premiere in London‘s West End.
  • 1987 – Dustin Breeding was born. American singer (B5)
  • 1989 – The Latvian Popular Front announced its intention to seek independence from the USSR.
  • 1989 – Armand Traore was born. French footballer.
  • 1990 – Britain’s first full day in ERM Hectic trading in the City marks Britain’s first day as a full member of the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) of the European Monetary System.
  • 1990 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount
  • 1990 – American doctors Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas won the Nobel Prize in Medicine, “for their discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease.”
  • 1990 – B.J. Wilson dies (b. 1947). English musician (Procol Harum).
  • 1991 – The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
  • 1992 – West Indian poet Derek Walcott was the winner of the 1992 Nobel Prize in literature, “for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment.”
  • 1993 – Angus T. Jones was born. American actor
  • 1996 – American economist William Vickrey (Columbia University) and British professor James Mirrlees (Cambridge University) were winners of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, “for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information.” The 82-year-old Vickrey died October 11, 1996 (three days after the Nobel announcement).
  • 1996 – US economist William Vickrey (b. 21 Jun1914 – d. 11 Oct 1996) and British professor James Mirrlees [05 Jul 1936~] are named co-winners of the 1996 Nobel economics prize.
  • 1997 – Bertrand Goldberg dies (b. 1913). American architect.
  • 1998 – Oslo Airport Gardermoen, Norway opens.
  • 1998 – José Saramago (b. 16 Nov 1922), Portuguese novelist is laureate with The Nobel Prize in Literature. In its citation, the Swedish Academy said it gave the award to Saramago for work that “with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us to apprehend an illusory reality.”
  • 1999 – New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Colignay Calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar.
  • 1999 – John McLendon dies (b. 1915). American basketball coach.
  • 2001 – A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118.
  • 2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security, which will be headed by Tom Ridge.
  • 2001 – The main body of the Russian submarine Kursk, is raised from 108 m down on be Barents Sea floor where it had sunk on 12 August 2000, killing all 116 on board. The salvage operation is conducted from a giant barge with computer-controlled cables by the Dutch companies Mammoet and Smit International, contracted for some $65 million by the Russian government.
  • 2001 – The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet announces that the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2001 is awarded to Leland H. Hartwell (b. 30 Oct 1939~) (USA), Richard Timothy “Tim” Hunt (b.19 Feb 1943~) (UK) and Paul M. Nurse (b.25 Jan 1949~ ) (UK), for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle
  • 2002 – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announces the award of the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2002 with one half jointly to Raymond Davis Jr (USA) (b. 14 Oct 1914~), and Masatoshi Koshiba (Japan) (b.19 Sep 1926~) “for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos” and the other half to Riccardo Giacconi (USA) (b. 06 Oct 1931~) “for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources”.
  • 2003 – Film star Arnold Schwarzenegger is elected governor of California, ousting the incumbent, Gray Davis, three years before the end of his term of office.
  • 2003 – Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark‘s engagement to Australian lawyer Mary Donaldson is announced
  • 2003 – This year’s Nobel Prize for Economics is announced to go to Robert F. Engle “for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)” and to Clive W. J. Granger (b. 1934~) “for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)”. Both laureates are from the US.
  • 2003 – This year’s Nobel Prize for Chemistry is announced to be awarded “for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes”, to Peter Agre [1949~] “for the discovery of water channels” and to Roderick MacKinnon (b. 1956~) “for structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels”. Both laureates are from the US
  • 2004 – Martha Stewart goes to jail.
  • 2004 – Schapelle Corby is arrested for drugs smuggling in Bali.
  • 2004 – It is announced that the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize will go to Kenyan activist Wangari Maathai [01 Apr 1940] “for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace.” One of her achievements is the Green Belt Movement, which she founded in 1977.
  • 2004 – Jacques Derrida dies (b. 1930). French philosopher.
  • 2004 – James Chace dies (b. 1931). American historian.
  • 2005 – The Kashmir earthquake hits parts of northern South Asia at 03:50 UTC. Many hundreds of people die in Pakistan, north India and Afghanistan following a massive quake.
  • 2006 – Mark Porter dies (b. 1975). New Zealand racing driver.
  • Wales and Cornwall – Saint Keyne
  • Bolivia – reportedly, Che Guevara is honoured on this day at which he was captured in La Higuera, as San Ernesto, answering prayers for rain.
  • Day of Independence in Croatia
  • Navy Day in Peru
 

On this day in History – Oct. 8

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:45 pm
  • 0314 – Roman Emperor Licinius is defeated by his colleague Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae, and loses his European territories.
  • 0451 – At Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins (ends on November 1).
  • 0705 – Death of Caliph Abd al-Malik, in Damascus.
  • 0976 – Jelena of Zadar dies. Croatian queen
  • 1085 – St Mark’s Cathedral in Venice was consecrated.
  • 1179 – Death of Odo de Saint-Amand, 8th Master of the Templars.
  • 1286 – John I of Dreux dies (b. 1217). Duke of Brittany
  • 1317 – Fushimi dies (b. 1265). Emperor of Japan.
  • 1515 – Margaret Douglas was born (d. 1578). Countess of Lennox.
  • 1515 – Partida da expedição de Juan Díaz de Solís (descobridor do Rio da Prata)
  • 1575 – Jan Massys dies. Flemish painter.
  • 1582 – Beacuse of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1585 – Heinrich Schutz was born. Composer
  • 1600 – San Marino adopts its written constitution.
  • 1604 – The supernova called “Kepler’s nova” is 1st sighted.
  • 1610 – Polish troops capture Moscow.
  • 1621 – Antoine de Montchrétien dies. French dramatist and economist
  • 1647 – Christian Sørensen Longomontanus dies (b. 1562). Danish astronomer.
  • 1652 – John Greaves dies (b. 1602). English mathematician and antiquarian.
  • 1656 – John George I, Elector of Saxony dies (b. 1585)
  • 1659 – Jean de Quen dies. French Jesuit missionary and historian
  • 1676 – Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro was born (d. 1764). Spanish scholar.
  • 1708 – Jean Perronet was born (d. 27 Feb 1794). French civil engineer renowned for his stone-arch bridges, especially the Pont de la Concorde, Paris.
  • 1713 – Yechezkel Landau was born (d. 1793). Polish rabbi and Talmudist.
  • 1715 – Michel Benoist was born (d. 1774). French Jesuit missionary.
  • 1720 – Jonathan Mayhew was born (d. 1766). American minister.
  • 1735 – Yongzheng dies (b. 1678). Emperor of China.
  • 1747 – Jean-François Rewbell was born (d. 1807). French politician.
  • 1754 – Henry Fielding dies in Lisbon (b. 1707). English novelist and dramatist. His Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon will appear the following year.
  • 1765 – Harman Blennerhassett was born (d. 1831). Irish lawyer.
  • 1772 – Jean Joseph de Mondonville dies (b. 1711). French composer.
  • 1789 – John Ruggles was born (d. 1874). American politician
  • 1793 – John Hancock dies (b. 1737). American revolutionary and businessman
  • 1795 – Andrew Kippis dies (b. 1725). English non-conformist clergyman and biographer
  • 1803 – Vittorio Alfieri dies. Italian earl/writer
  • 1809 – James Elphinston dies (b. 1721).Scottish philologist.
  • 1818 – John Henninger Reagan was born (d. 1905). American and Confederate politician
  • 1820 – Henri Christophe dies (b. 06 Oct 1767). He was a leader in the war of Haitian independence (1791-1804) and later president (1807-1811) and self-proclaimed King Henry I (1811-1820) of northern Haiti.
  • 1821 – The government of general José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.
  • 1826 – George Garrard dies (b. 31 May 1760). English painter and sculptor.
  • 1826 – Friedrich Krupp dies. Industrialist.
  • 1834 – Walter Kittredge was born (d. 1905). American musician and composer
  • 1834 – François-Adrien Boieldieu dies (b. 1775). French composer.
  • 1835 – HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches James Island, Galapagos archipelago
  • 1840 – First constitution in Haway is proclaimed.
  • 1846 – Portugal: Com a prisão do Duque da Terceira, lugar-tenente da Rainha D. Maria II nas províncias do Norte, por José Passos e forças revoltadas de infantaria 6, tem início a Guerra Civil da Patuleia.
  • 1847 – Rose Scott dies. Australian social reformer
  • 1850 – Henri Louis le Chatelier was born (d. 17 Sep 1936). French chemist who is best known for the principle of Le Chatelier, which makes it possible to predict the effect a change of conditions (temperature, pressure, and concentration of reaction components) will have on a chemical reaction
  • 1856 – The Second Opium War between several western powers and China begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of PerryvilleUnion forces under General Don Carlos Buell halt the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating troops led by General Braxton Bragg at Perryville, Kentucky.
  • 1863 – Edythe Chapman was born (d. 1948). American actress.
  • 1864 – Ozias Leduc was born (d. 1955). Québécois painter.
  • 1865 – António Pedro Lopes de Mendonça dies (b. 1826). Portuguese writer.
  • 1869 – Franklin Pierce dies (b. 1804). 14th President of the United States.
  • 1870 – Louis Vierne was born (d. 1937). French organist
  • 1871 – Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Peshtigo, Wisconsin, Holland, Michigan, and Manistee, Michigan. The Great Chicago Fire is the most famous of these, burning 1,200,000 acres (4,900 km²) in one day, eventually destroying about 17,450 buildings, and killing about 250 people while leaving another 100,000 homeless. The Peshtigo Fire burns 1,200,000 acres (4,900 km²) across six counties in one day and kills 1,200 to 2,500 people, making it the deadliest in United States history. The Holland Fire destroys at least two towns.
  • 1872 – John Cowper Powys was born (d. 17 Jun 1963). Welsh novelist, essayist, and poet. He is known chiefly for his long panoramic novels, including Wolf Solent (1929), A Glastonbury Romance (1932), and Owen Glendower (1940). His other works include an Autobiography (1934) and books of essays such as The Meaning of Culture (1930), The Pleasures of Literature (1938), The Art of Growing Old (1943).
  • 1873 – Ejnar Hertzsprung was born in Copenhagen (d. 21 Oct 1967). Danish astronomer who classified types of stars by relating their surface temperature (or colour) to their absolute brightness
  • 1877 – Hans Heysen was born (d. 1968). German-born landscape artist.
  • 1878 – Alfred Munnings was born. British painter
  • 1879 – War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • 1879 – Ch’en Ch’ien-sheng “Ch’en Tu-hsiu” was born (d. 27 May 1942). Founder of the Chinese Communist Party (May 1920) and a major leader in developing the cultural basis of revolution in China. He was removed from his position of leadership in 1927 and was expelled from the Communist Party in 1929.
  • 1879 – Miguel Grau Seminario dies (b. 1834). Peruvian Admiral.
  • 1883 – Otto Heinrich Warburg was born (d. 1 Aug 1970). German biochemist awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1931 for his research on cellular respiration, the process by which substances directly supplied to cells or stored in them are broken down into simpler components while using up oxygen.
  • 1884 – Walther von Reichenau was born (d. 1942). German military.
  • 1886 – Austin F. Pike dies (b. 1819). American politician from New Hampshire.
  • 1887 – Huntley Gordon was born (d. 1956). Canadian actor
  • 1888 – Melville Fuller is sworn in as the 8th Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1888 – Ernst Kretschmer was born (d. 8 Feb 1964). German psychiatrist who attempted to correlate body build and physical constitution with personality characteristics and mental illness
  • 1889 – C. E. Woolman was born (d. 1966). American airline founder.
  • 1890 – Edward Rickenbacker was born (d. 1973). American pilot.
  • 1890 – Philippe Thys was born (d. 1971). Belgian cyclist.
  • 1894 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. dies (b. 1809). American physician and writer
  • 1895 – Eulmi incident- Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea, is assassinated and her corpse burnt by the Japanese in Gyeongbok Palace.
  • 1895 – The Berliner Gramophone Company was founded in Philadelphia. Record players were not too far off in the future
  • 1895 – Juan Perón was born (d. 1 Jul 1974). President of Argentina (1946-1955; 1973-1974); married Eva Peron [Evita] who died in 1952; married Maria Estela Martinez aka Isabel, who became Vice President of Argentina in 1973 and then took over the presidency upon the death of her husband [1974];
  • 1895 – Zog I was born (d. 1961). King of Albania.
  • 1896 – Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks.
  • 1896 – Julien Duvivier was born (d. 1967). French film director.
  • 1897 – Alexei Savrasov dies (b. 1830). Russian painter.
  • 1901 – Doris Allen was born (d. 2002). American psychologist.
  • 1901 – Eivind Groven was born (d. 1977).Norwegian composer and ethnomusicologist.
  • 1904 – Clemens Alexander Winkler dies. German chemist who discovered the element germanium (1886).
  • 1905 – A permanent waving machine was first used on a woman’s hair, by Charles Nessler.
  • 1906 – Harry Gilbert Day was born. American nutritional biochemist who helped develop (with Joe Muhler and William Nebergall) the fluoride additive used in toothpaste to combat tooth decay
  • 1910 – Kirk Alyn was born (d. 1999). American actor.
  • 1910 – Ray Lewis was born (d. 2003). Canadian runner.
  • 1910 – Gus Hall was born (d. 2000). American union organizer.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
  • 1913 – Robert Rowe Gilruth was born (d. 17 Aug 2000). American aerospace scientist, engineer, and a pioneer of the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo space programs
  • 1914 – Joseph Déchelette dies (b. 8 Jan 1862). French archaeologist who was an authority on Gallo-Roman and Celtic coins. He wrote Le Manuel d’archéologie préhistorique, celtique et gallo-romaine (1908-14) about the pre-history of France.
  • 1915 – World War I – The Battle of Loos ended. Almost 430,000 French, British & Germans killed
  • 1917 – Walter Lord was born (d. 2002). American author.
  • 1917 – Billy Conn was born (d. 1993). American boxer.
  • 1917 – Danny Murtaugh was born (d. 1976). Baseball player and manager.
  • 1917 – Rodney Robert Porter was born (d. 7 Sep 1985). British biochemist who (with Gerald M. Edelman) was awarded the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodies.
  • 1918 – World War I – In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132.
  • 1918 – Jens Christian Skou was born. Danish biophysicist who (with Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker) was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1997 for his discovery of the enzyme called sodium-potassium-activated adenosine triphosphatase.
  • 1918 – Ron Randell was born. Film character actor
  • 1918 – Saturnino Hernán dies. Mexican painter.
  • 1919 – Kiichi Miyazawa was born (d. 2007). 78th Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 1920 – Frank Herbert was born (d. 1986). American writer.
  • 1924 – Alphons Egli was born. Member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1925 – Álvaro Alfredo Magaña Borja was born. President of S. Salvador (1982-1984)
  • 1927 – In Game 4 of the 1927 Stanley Cup, Boston Bruins defenseman Billy Coutu starts a brawl, punching referee Jerry LaFlamme. As a result, Coutu becomes the first player to be suspended for life from the NHL.
  • 1927 – Murderers’ Row: the New York Yankees sweep the Pittsburgh Pirates to win the 1927 World Series in four games.
  • 1927 – Jim Elliot was born (d. 1956). American missionary.
  • 1927 – César Milstein was born in Bahía Blanca (d. 24 Mar 2002). Argentine immunologist biochemist. Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984 shared with Niels K. Jerne and Georges J.F. Köhler “for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies” .
  • 1927 – Ricardo Güiraldes dies in Paris (d. 13 Feb 1886). Argentine writer “Don segundo sombra”.
  • 1928 – Joseph Szigeti debuted Alfredo Casella‘s Violin Concerto.
  • 1928 – Bill Maynard was born. British actor
  • 1928 – Neil Harvey was born. Australian cricketer
  • 1928 – Larry Semon dies (b. 1889). American silent film comedian.
  • 1929 – Franklin W. Stahl was born. U.S. geneticist who, in 1958, (with Matthew Meselson) elucidated the mode of replication of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA; the gene substance) a double-stranded helix that dissociates to form two strands, each of which directs the construction of a new sister strand
  • 1929 – Betty Boothroyd was born. British MP, the Speaker of the House of Commons
  • 1931 – Sir John Monash dies (b. 1865). Australian soldier general.
  • 1932 – Ray Reardon was born. Welsh snooker player
  • 1932 – The Indian Air Force is established.
  • 1933 – Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government
  • 1935 – Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie & Harriet)
  • 1936 – David Carradine was born. Actor.
  • 1936 – Rona Barrett was born. Entertainment reporter.
  • 1936 – Red Ames dies (b. 1882). American baseball player.
  • 1936 – William Henry Stark dies (b. 1851). American business leader.
  • 1937 – Merle Park was born. British ballerina.
  • 1938 – Fred Stolle was born. Australian tennis player
  • 1939 – World War II: Germany annexes Western Poland.
  • 1939 – Paul Hogan was born. Australian actor (Crocodile Dundee series, Lightning Jack, Flipper)
  • 1940 – Fred Cash was born. American singer (The Impressions)
  • 1940 – Robert Emden dies (b. 4 Mar 1862). Swiss physicist and astrophysicist who developed a theory of expansion and compression of gas spheres and applied it to stellar structure.
  • 1941 – World War II: In their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol.
  • 1941 – Jesse Jackson was born. American clergyman and civil rights activist
  • 1942 – Sergei Chaplygin dies. Soviet engineer
  • 1943 – Chevy Chase was born. American comedian and actor
  • 1943 – R. L. Stine was born. American author
  • 1944 – The radio show, The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet debuts
  • 1944 – The Battle of Crucifix Hill, a World War II battle, occurs on Crucifix Hill just outside of Aachen. Capt. Bobbie Brown wins a medal of Honor for his heroics in this battle.
  • 1944 – Susan Raye was born. American singer.
  • 1944 – Wendell Willkie dies (b. 1892). American politician and Presidential candidate.
  • 1945 – Felix Salten dies (b. 1869). Austrian author.
  • 1946 – Dennis Kucinich was born. American politician, U.S. congressman and presidential candidate.
  • 1946 – Jean-Jacques Beineix was born. French film director.
  • 1947 – Tony Wilson was born. British bassist and singer.
  • 1948 – Johnny Ramone was born (d.2004). American guitarist (The Ramones)
  • 1948 – Benjamin Cheever was born. American novelist and editor.
  • 1948 – Sarah Purcell was born. American television host.
  • 1948 – Pedro López was born. Colombian serial killer.
  • 1948 – Claude Jade was born (d. 2006). French actress.
  • 1949 – Sigourney Weaver was born. American actress (Gorillas in the Mist, Alien series, Working Girl, Dave, Ghostbusters series, Annie Hall, The Year of Living Dangerously); daughter of Sylvester Pat Weaver
  • 1950 – Robert Kool Bell was born. American musician (Kool & the Gang)
  • 1951 – Jack O’Connell was born. American politician
  • 1952 – A three-train disaster in London kills 112 people.
  • 1952 – Edward Zwick was born. American film director
  • 1952 – Jan Marijnissen was born. Dutch politician
  • 1952 – Joe Adams dies (b. 1877). American baseball player.
  • 1953 – Nigel Bruce dies (b. 1895). British actor
  • 1953 – Kathleen Ferrier dies (b. 1912). British contralto
  • 1954 – Michael Dudikoff was born. American actor: Virtual Assassin, Soldier Boyz, The Human Shield, American Ninja series, Platoon Leader, Avenging Force, Bachelor Party, I Ought to Be in Pictures, The Black Marble, Star of the Family, Cobra
  • 1954 – Huub Rothengatter was born. Dutch racecar driver.
  • 1955 – Bill Elliott was born. American racecar driver
  • 1956 – New York Yankees baseball pitcher Don Larsen pitches first (and only) perfect game in World Series history in Game 5 of the 1956 World Series.
  • 1956 – Stephanie Zimbalist was born. American actress
  • 1956 – Jeff Lahti was born. American baseball player
  • 1957 – Baseball: Walter O’Malley announces that the Dodgers are going to move from Brooklyn, New York to Los Angeles, California
  • 1957 – Joe Castiglione was born. American college athletic director
  • 1958 – Steve Coll was born. American journalist
  • 1958 – Ran Bosilek dies (b. 1886). Bulgarian author and translator.
  • 1959 – Nick Bakay was born. American actor, voice actor, and comedian
  • 1959 – Mike Morgan was born. American baseball player
  • 1960 – François Pérusse was born. Quebec humorist.
  • 1962 – Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes the article “Bedingt abwehrbereit” (“Conditionally prepared for defense”) about a NATO manoeuver called “Fallex 62”, which uncovered the sorry state of the Bundeswehr (Germany’s army) facing the communist threat from the east at the time. The magazine was soon accused of treason.
  • 1962 – Algeria admitted as 109th member of the UN.
  • 1962 – Bruno Thiry was born. Belgian rally driver.
  • 1964 – CeCe Winans was born. American singer.
  • 1965 – London’s Post Office Tower, Britain’s tallest building, opened.
  • 1965 – Ardal O’Hanlon was born. Irish comedian
  • 1965 – C-Jay Ramone was born. American bassist (The Ramones)
  • 1966 – Art Barr was born (d. 1994). American wrestler.
  • 1967 – Guerrilla leader Che Guevara (b. 14 Jun 1928) and his men are captured in Bolivia. He was executed next day.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: Operation SealordsUnited States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
  • 1968 – Leeroy Thornhill was born. British musician (The Prodigy)
  • 1968 – Zvonimir Boban was born. Croatian football player
  • 1969 – Julia Ann was born. American porn actress
  • 1969 – Dylan Neal was born. Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Matt Damon was born. American actor ( Saving Private Ryan, Courage Under Fire, Good Will Hunting, The Talented Mr. Ripley, Ocean’s Eleven )
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon‘s October 7 peace proposal as “a maneuver to deceive world opinion.”
  • 1970 – Soviet author Alexander Solzhenitsyn (b. 11 Dec 1918) won the Nobel Prize in literature, “for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature.”
  • 1970 – Tetsuya Nomura was born. Japanese Video Games Director, Character Designer and Concept Designer
  • 1970 – Matt Damon was born. American actor
  • 1970 – Gauri Khan was born. Wife of Indian actor Shahrukh Khan
  • 1970 – Tetsuya Nomura was born. Japanese video-game designer
  • 1970 – Soon-Yi Previn was born. Korean American actress
  • 1970 – Mitr Chaibancha dies (b. 1934). Thai film actor.
  • 1970 – Jean Giono dies (b. 1895). French author.
  • 1971 – John Lennon releases his megahit “Imagine”
  • 1972 – DJ Q-Ball was born. American Musician (Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1972 – Stanislav Varga was born. Slovakian footballer
  • 1973 – Yom Kippur War: Gabi Amir’s armored brigade attacks Egyptian occupied positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving them away. The attack fails, and over 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed.
  • 1973 – Rhys Evans was born. Renowned Welsh born raconteur and street performer
  • 1973 – LBC (London Broadcasting), Britain’s first legal commercial radio station, began transmitting.
  • 1973 – Gabriel Marcel dies (b. 1889). French philosopher.
  • 1974 – Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
  • 1974 – Fredrik Modin was born. Swedish ice hockey player.
  • 1976 – Karina Bacchi was born. Brazilian actress.
  • 1976 – Renate Groenewold was born. Dutch speed skater.
  • 1977 – Anne-Caroline Chausson was born. French down hill mountain bike rider.
  • 1977 – Giorgos Papasideris dies (b. 1902). Greek country singer, composer and lyricist.
  • 1978 – Australia‘s Ken Warby sets the current world water speed record of 317.60 mph at Blowering Dam, Australia.
  • 1979 – Kristanna Loken was born. American actress and model
  • 1980 – USSR & Syria sign peace treaty.
  • 1980 – Mike Mizanin was born. American professional wrestler and host of Smackdown!
  • 1980 – Nick Cannon was born. American actor
  • 1981 – Raffi Torres was born. Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Poland bans Solidarity. A new law in Poland banned Solidarity and forbid the setting up of new trade unions.
  • 1982 – Fernando Lamas dies (b. 1916). Argentine actor.
  • 1982 – Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker dies (b. 1889). English peace activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1983 – Michael Fraser was born. Scottish football goalkeeper
  • 1983 – Travis Pastrana was born. American motorsports competitor
  • 1983 – Joan Hackett dies (b. 1934). American actress.
  • 1984 – Anne Murray won the Country Music Association’s Album of the Year Award this day for A Little Good News. Murray was the first woman to win this award
  • 1985 – Eiji Wentz was born. German-Japanese entertainer and singer.
  • 1986 – The Broadway musical Les Miserables has its world premiere in London‘s West End.
  • 1987 – Dustin Breeding was born. American singer (B5)
  • 1989 – The Latvian Popular Front announced its intention to seek independence from the USSR.
  • 1989 – Armand Traore was born. French footballer.
  • 1990 – Britain’s first full day in ERM Hectic trading in the City marks Britain’s first day as a full member of the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) of the European Monetary System.
  • 1990 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount
  • 1990 – American doctors Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas won the Nobel Prize in Medicine, “for their discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease.”
  • 1990 – B.J. Wilson dies (b. 1947). English musician (Procol Harum).
  • 1991 – The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
  • 1992 – West Indian poet Derek Walcott was the winner of the 1992 Nobel Prize in literature, “for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment.”
  • 1993 – Angus T. Jones was born. American actor
  • 1996 – American economist William Vickrey (Columbia University) and British professor James Mirrlees (Cambridge University) were winners of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, “for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information.” The 82-year-old Vickrey died October 11, 1996 (three days after the Nobel announcement).
  • 1996 – US economist William Vickrey (b. 21 Jun1914 – d. 11 Oct 1996) and British professor James Mirrlees [05 Jul 1936~] are named co-winners of the 1996 Nobel economics prize.
  • 1997 – Bertrand Goldberg dies (b. 1913). American architect.
  • 1998 – Oslo Airport Gardermoen, Norway opens.
  • 1998 – José Saramago (b. 16 Nov 1922), Portuguese novelist is laureate with The Nobel Prize in Literature. In its citation, the Swedish Academy said it gave the award to Saramago for work that “with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us to apprehend an illusory reality.”
  • 1999 – New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Colignay Calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar.
  • 1999 – John McLendon dies (b. 1915). American basketball coach.
  • 2001 – A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118.
  • 2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security, which will be headed by Tom Ridge.
  • 2001 – The main body of the Russian submarine Kursk, is raised from 108 m down on be Barents Sea floor where it had sunk on 12 August 2000, killing all 116 on board. The salvage operation is conducted from a giant barge with computer-controlled cables by the Dutch companies Mammoet and Smit International, contracted for some $65 million by the Russian government.
  • 2001 – The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet announces that the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2001 is awarded to Leland H. Hartwell (b. 30 Oct 1939~) (USA), Richard Timothy “Tim” Hunt (b.19 Feb 1943~) (UK) and Paul M. Nurse (b.25 Jan 1949~ ) (UK), for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle
  • 2002 – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announces the award of the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2002 with one half jointly to Raymond Davis Jr (USA) (b. 14 Oct 1914~), and Masatoshi Koshiba (Japan) (b.19 Sep 1926~) “for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos” and the other half to Riccardo Giacconi (USA) (b. 06 Oct 1931~) “for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources”.
  • 2003 – Film star Arnold Schwarzenegger is elected governor of California, ousting the incumbent, Gray Davis, three years before the end of his term of office.
  • 2003 – Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark‘s engagement to Australian lawyer Mary Donaldson is announced
  • 2003 – This year’s Nobel Prize for Economics is announced to go to Robert F. Engle “for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)” and to Clive W. J. Granger (b. 1934~) “for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)”. Both laureates are from the US.
  • 2003 – This year’s Nobel Prize for Chemistry is announced to be awarded “for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes”, to Peter Agre [1949~] “for the discovery of water channels” and to Roderick MacKinnon (b. 1956~) “for structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels”. Both laureates are from the US
  • 2004 – Martha Stewart goes to jail.
  • 2004 – Schapelle Corby is arrested for drugs smuggling in Bali.
  • 2004 – It is announced that the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize will go to Kenyan activist Wangari Maathai [01 Apr 1940] “for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace.” One of her achievements is the Green Belt Movement, which she founded in 1977.
  • 2004 – Jacques Derrida dies (b. 1930). French philosopher.
  • 2004 – James Chace dies (b. 1931). American historian.
  • 2005 – The Kashmir earthquake hits parts of northern South Asia at 03:50 UTC. Many hundreds of people die in Pakistan, north India and Afghanistan following a massive quake.
  • 2006 – Mark Porter dies (b. 1975). New Zealand racing driver.
  • Wales and Cornwall – Saint Keyne
  • Bolivia – reportedly, Che Guevara is honoured on this day at which he was captured in La Higuera, as San Ernesto, answering prayers for rain.
  • Day of Independence in Croatia
  • Navy Day in Peru
 

Awake in Dreams

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 10:25 pm

`We are near waking when we dream we are dreaming.’ Novalis.

When I was young I was often confused by the many impressions and moods that would flow through my consciousness.

Evolving in my `Artist’s Walk’ and learning to access the peace of `The Spirit’ gave a growing awareness of these impressions and their strength and reality.

Rather than being at the whim of the panorama of impressions that are an artist’s awareness, connecting to this inner peace made them a source of strength.

We connect to reality on so many levels and the ability to access these many levels is a gift of `Spirit’ that grows as you allow time for this peace.

The power and strength of these many ebbs and flows stops creating vulnerability and starts to create insights, inspirations and strength.

Peace to all from Greenearth in Australia

 

Liga Bwin – 7ª. Jornada : Grandes ganham todos e Leixões não empatou…perdeu!

Filed under: Futebol,Liga Bwin — looking4good @ 9:59 pm
Resultados da 7ª. Jornada
6 Out 20:30 Sporting 3-0 Vitória de Guimarães
7 Out 16:00 Leixões

0-1 Naval 1º. de Maio
7 Out 16:00 Marítimo 0-0 Vitória de Setúbal
7 Out 19:15 União de Leiria 1-2 Benfica
7 Out 21:15 Académica 0-1 Porto
8 Out 19:15 Braga Nacional
8 Out 21:15 Paços de Ferreira Estrela da Amadora
8 Out 21:30 Boavista Belenenses

Comentários da Jornada:

Os grandes ganharam todos, completanto o Porto o 7º. triunfo em sete jogos, mesmo sem jogar bem, enquanto Benfica e Sporting voltaram às vitórias. Os «leões» infligiram a primeira derrota ao Guimarães tendo o triunfo começado a esboçar-se em lance digno de um jogo de rugby, sem que o árbitro achasse que houvera falta! Aberto o marcador os leões acabaram por vencer com score dilatado. O Porto venceu em Coimbra com um golo de penalty que aconteceu. Ma também aconteceram faltas como esta (e piores) sobre Cardozo em Leiria e o árbitro fez que não viu. Mas esqueçamos os árbitros.

Para além dos jogos dos três grandes só se disputaram ainda mais dius jogos: o Marítimo não conseguiu vencer o V. de Setúbal em casa e o Leixões achou que já tinha empates a mais e «decidiu» perder em casa frente à Naval concecendo um penalty que deu o primeiro triunfo à equipa da Figueira da Foz e possibilitou um pulo significativo na classificação. Classificação que mostra o Leiria e o Paços de Ferreira nos últimos lugares ainda que os pacences só amanhã joguem em casa frente ao Estrela da Amadora. Também amanhã jogam os outros «europeus» Braga – em casa frente ao Nacional – e Belenenses – fora no Bessa.

Entretanto o campeonato para durante duas semanas para os compromissos decisivos da selecção em jogos fora contra o Azerbeijão e o Cazaquistão para retomar no fim de semana de 28 de Out. com um duplo cartaz entre Lisboa-Funchal: O Benfica a receber o Marítimo enquanto o Sporting vai à Madeira jogar contra o Nacional. O Porto recebe o Leixões

Lugar Clube Pontos Golos
1. Porto 21 12-1
2. Sporting 14 12-4
3. Marítimo 14 10-3
4. Benfica 13 9-2
5. Vitória de Guimarães 12 9-7
6. Vitória de Setúbal 11 9-5
7. Braga (*) 7 6-7
7. Belenenses (*) 7 4-7
9. Estrela da Amadora (*) 6 5-6
9. Nacional (*) 6 4-6
9. Leixões 6 6-7
9. Académica 6 4-9
13. Naval 1º. de Maio 5 4-13
14. Boavista (*) 4 1-5
15. União de Leiria 3 3-10
16. Paços de Ferreira (*) 2 3-9

Próxima Jornada -8ª. – fim de semana de 28.Out
Porto Leixões
Belenenses

Académica
Estrela da Amadora Boavista
Vitória de Setúbal Paços de Ferreira
Benfica Marítimo
Vitória de Guimarães União de Leiria
Nacional Sporting
Naval 1º. de Maio Sp. de Braga
 

Does Evil Exist?

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 9:51 pm
This is a Power Point presentation about a discussion of the existence of evil.
I love the message!

Generates many opinions about if it’s truth or fiction. The answer is up to you.
http://www.truthorfiction.com/rumors/e/einstein-god.htm


DRuCi

Dominican Republic

 

Jihad is War Against One’s Inner Demons

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 9:25 pm

THE commonly accepted meaning of jihad is religious Holy war against unbelievers in the mission of Allah and his Prophet Muhammad. The term conjures up images of bearded clerics, frenzied fundamentalists, insane suicide bombers, and remorseless turbaned crowds who chant death for the infidels.

These images derive from the religo-political interpretation of the term jihad. Jihad in this sense is perceived as a strategy for the attainment of `certain’ political goals.

In the literal sense of the term, jihad means, `an effort, or a striving’. Islamic scholars say that the Quran and Hadith ascribe two meanings to the term: al-Jihad al-Akbar or “the greater warfare” which is against one’s own demons; and al-Jihad al-Asghar, or the “lesser warfare” against infidels.

The perception of jihad in the former sense is subjective and has moral implications. It involves a way of life in which fleeting temptations have no place. Individuals become discerning subjects who comprehend that worldly temptations are ephemeral and have to be fought. It is also the ability to suffer virtuously the afflictions caused by the foe by following the commandments of Allah and to preach, through education, art and literature, the precepts of Islam, the religion of Allah.

The second meaning of jihad is the religious war against `oppressive occupiers’ of the homeland of Islam,Dar al-Islam.

An Islamic scholar, Syed Qutb, observes that this homeland is not symbolised by borders but by a community that accepts Shari’a as the law. This jihad is a defensive act; it is a war of last resort dictated by circumstances and compulsions confronting Muslims. In this context, Syed Qutb states: “Those who state that Islamic jihad was mainly for the defence of the `homeland of Islam’ diminish the greatness of the Islamic way of life and consider it less important than their `homeland’.”

Qutb further says: “The jihad of Islam is to secure complete freedom for every man throughout the world by releasing him from servitude… so that he may serve God.” Another Islamic scholar, Al-Sayed Sabak analyses the two meanings of jihad and gives them historico-mythological context.

To begin with, Allah commanded his messenger, Prophet Muhammad, to wage “jihad” against the infidels of Mecca through Quran that answers difficult questions about life, sufferance, and abstaining from revenge and violence. During this period jihad connoted a struggle for self-purification of human beings by belief in the teachings of Allah and enduring the rigours involved in spreading the religion.

Forceful conversion to Islam was totally prohibited and peaceful struggle for the dissemination of Islamic ideas and ways took precedence. However, when the Prophet’s adversaries stepped up the opposition against him and his followers in Mecca and Medina, Allah affirmed that the Muslims had to fight to defend themselves and their duty of advancing Islam. In this context Jihad acquired a meaning other than the religious-moral one. It was a meaning that sanctioned transformation of Muslims into holy warriors (mujahid) to fight the war of God for the land of God. However, following the victory of the Muslims in the battle of Badr, the Prophet is said to have exhorted his followers to move away from war, as it would entangle them in the realm of lesser jihad. Greater jihad and not the lesser one should be the goal of the believers, he said. Jihad in its militant, lesser sense is transient and contingent upon circumstances in which it is waged says Muhammad Said Ashmawi, a contemporary Islamic philosopher. The greater Jihad on the other hand is a continuous process that goes on even during the militant phase. In recent discourse, says Ashmawi, politics together with militant interpretation has replaced the notion of greater Jihad; they have presented a lopsided notion of the concept leading to distorted representations and stereotypes about Islam. The rise of Islamic movements in the world that aspire for political power has invoked jihad in the militant sense of the term for political mobilisation. Jihad has become a casual term for all acts of violence perpetuated by an Islamic group, individual or a regime. The understanding of the core concepts such as `homeland’, `oppressive occupiers’ and `jihad as a defensive act’ has become highly subjective and distorted. Such groups and individuals need to be reminded about the `Greater Jihad’, which the prophet underscored and only through which all the Muslims and indeed all people on earth can find redemption. For the lay and the uninitiated Islam and jihad have become synonyms for violence and bloodshed. Such generalisations need to be countered not only for the sake of Muslim community, umma but also for the benefit of the entire humanity.