Nothingandall

Just another WordPress.com weblog

Uefa Champions League: Ronald Koeman and his PSV runs straigh into quarters of final Março 7, 2007

Filed under: football,soccer,Uefa Champions League — looking4good @ 9:46 pm

Today
Bayern
2-1 (2-3) Real Madrid [1-0 Makaay 1′; 2-0 Lúcio 66′; 2-1 van Nistelrooy (pen) 83′]
Milan 1 – 0* (0-0) Celtic [1-0 Kaká 3′ extra-time]
Man. United 1-0(1-0) Lille [Larsson 72′]
Arsenal 1-1 (0-1) PSV [1-0 Alex (own goal) 58′; 1-1 Alex 83′]

* after extra-time

Yesterday
Chelsea
2 – 1 (1-1) Porto (0-1 Quaresma 15′; 1-1 Robben; 2-1 Ballack 79′)
Lyon 0 – 2 (0-0) Roma (0-1 Totti 22′; 0-2 Mancini 44′)
Valencia 0 – 0 (2-2) Inter
Liverpool 0 – 1 (2-1) Barcelona (Gudjohnsen 75′)

 

Soneto – Américo Durão

Filed under: Américo Durão,poesia — looking4good @ 8:43 pm

Setembro. Calma. O sol é um grito rubro
na alegria do céu azul cobalto,
e em tua musical voz de contralto
cantam manhãs de abril, tardes de outubro…

Vindimas. Sob os pâmpanos descubro
cachos de ouro que ao teu desejo exalto . . .
Chamo por ti, erguendo as mãos ao alto…
Corres… E és como o sol um grito rubro!

Vens alegre e vermelha como as brasas,
depois, num vôo, as tuas mãos são asas…
Ergues um cacho de ouro à boca em sangue.

Solta-se o teu cabelo… Mar de seda!…
A bárbara volúpia me embebeda,
e unes a boca à minha boca exangue!

Américo de Oliveira Durão (n. em Coruche a 28 Out 1894; m. em Lisboa a 7 Mar 1969)

 

On this day in History – Mar. 7

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:06 am
  • 0322 BC – Aristotle dies (b. 384 BG). Greek philosopher.
  • 0161 – Roman emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire.
  • 0189 – Publius Septimius Geta was born (d. 0211). Roman Emperor.
  • 0308 – Saint Eubulus dies. Christian martyr
  • 0321 – Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire
  • 0851 – Death of the King of Brittany Nominoe in Vendome
  • 1138 – Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German king.
  • 1274 – Thomas Aquinas dies (b. 1225). Italian thelogian/saint who achieved fame writing commentaries on Aristotle. He was a rationalist, who upheld reason as the appropriate method to extend human knowledge.
  • 1277 – Condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological theses by Stephen Tempier, Bishop of Paris
  • 1481 – Baldassare Peruzzi was born (d. 1537). Italian architect and painter.
  • 1556 – Guillaume du Vair was born (d. 1621). French writer.
  • 1573 – Turkey & Venice signs peace treaty.
  • 1578 – Margaret Douglas dies (b. 1515). Countess of Lennox.
  • 1625 – Johann Bayer dies (b.1572). German astronomer whose book Uranometria (1603) promulgated a system of identifying all stars visible to the naked eye.
  • 1644 – Massachusetts established the first bicameral legislature in North America.
  • 1671 – Robert Roy MacGregor was born (d. 1734). Scottish folk hero.
  • 1678 – Filippo Juvara was born (d. 1736). Italian architect.
  • 1687 – Jean Lebeuf was born (d. 1760). French historian.
  • 1693 – Pope Clement XIII was born (d. 1769)
  • 1699 – António Ribeiro Sanches was born in Penamacor (d. 1783, in Paris). Portuguese thinker and physicist.
  • 1707 – Stephen Hopkins was born. American signer of the Declaration of Independence.
  • 1715 – Ewald Christian von Kleist was born (d. 1759). German poet.
  • 1715 – Ephraim Williams was born (d. 1755). American philanthropist.
  • 1724 – Pope Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti] dies at 68. Pope (1721-24).
  • 1730 – Baron de Breteuil was born (d. 1807). French statesman.
  • 1746 – André Michaux was born (d. 1802). French botanist.
  • 1761 – Criação do Real Colégio dos Nobres, aberto 5 anos depois .
  • 1765 – Nicéphore Niépce was born (d. 1833). French inventor.
  • 1767 – Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville dies (b. 1680). French colonizer.
  • 1774 – The British close the port of Boston to all commerce.
  • 1777 – Perdão régio concedido aos marqueses de Távora e de Alorna.
  • 1778 – Charles De Geer dies (b. 1720). Swedish industrialist.
  • 1785 – Alessandro Manzoni was born in Italy. Poet, playwright and novelist
  • 1788 – Antoine César Becquerel was born (d. 1878). French physicist.
  • 1792 – John Herschel was born (d. 1871). English mathematician, astronomer.
  • 1797 – Bocage é transferido da prisão do Limoeiro para a prisão da Inquisição, sendo em 1798 transferido para o Mosteiro de São Bento da Saúde.
  • 1798 – The French army enters in Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic
  • 1799 – Napoleon I of France captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
  • 1808 – Portugal’s regent Dom Juan IV arrives in Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1810 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood dies (b. 1750). British admiral.
  • 1814 – Napoleon wins the Battle of Craonne.
  • 1815 – Napoleon I of France meets troops of the Fifth Regiment sent by Louise XVIII at Grenoble, and convinces them to join him on his march to Paris.
  • 1827 – Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, the future politician in colonial New Zealand.
  • 1827 – Brazil marines sail up the Rio Negro (Argentina) and attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina. They are defeated by the local citizens.
  • 1837 – Domingos Sequeira dies (b. 10 Mar 1768). Portuguese painter. /Faleceu o pintor português Domingos António de Sequeira, nascido a 10 Mar 1768.
  • 1837 – Henry Draper was born (d. 1882). American physician and astronomer.
  • 1838 – Soprano Jenny Lind (“the Swedish Nightingale”) makes her debut in Weber’s opera Der Freischultz.
  • 1841 – William Rockhill Nelson was born (d. 1915). Founder of Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
  • 1841 – Olegario Víctor Andrade was born. Argentinean poet (El nido de cóndores)
  • 1847 – U.S. General Winfield Scott occupies Vera Cruz, Mexico.
  • 1848 – In Hawaii, the Great Mahele was signed.
  • 1849 – Luther Burbank was born in Lancaster, Massachussets (d. 1926). American biologist and botanist.
  • 1849 – The Austrian Reichstag is dissolved.
  • 1849 – José Hilario López, candidato radical, es nombrado presidente del Gobierno de Colombia.
  • 1850 – Champ Clark was born (d. 1921). American politician.
  • 1850 – Tomás Masaryk was born (d. 14 Sep 1937). First President of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1850 – U.S. Senator Daniel Webster gave a three-hour speech endorsing the Compromise of 1850.
  • 1854 – Charles Miller received a patent for the sewing machine that stitches buttonholes.
  • 1857 – Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch was born (d. 14 Mar 1935). German chemist who won fame at the age of 25 for devising the synthesis of substituted pyridines .
  • 1857 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg was born (d. 27 Sep 1940). Austrian psychiatrist and neurologist whose made the first use of a shock therapy. He was recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Pea RidgeUnion forces led by General Samuel Curtis defeat Confederate troops under General Earl Van Dorn at Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas.
  • 1872 – Piet Mondrian was born (d. 1 Feb 1944). Dutch abstract painter, leader of the movement known as “De Stijl“.
  • 1873 – Madame Sul-Te-Wan was born (d. 1959). American actress.
  • 1875 – Maurice Ravel was born in Cibourne (d. 1937). France composer [Bolero (1928), Pavane pour une infante défunte (1899), Rapsodie espagnole (1907), the ballet Daphnis et Chloé (first performed 1912), and the opera L’Enfant et les sortilèges (1925)].
  • 1876 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for the telephone.
  • 1878 – António Patrício was born (d. 4 Jun 1930). Portuguese poet and diplomat/ Nasceu no Porto o poeta, contista, dramaturgo e diplomata português António Patrício (m. Macau, 4 Jun 1930).
  • 1878 – Boris Kustodiev was born (d. 1927). Russian painter.
  • 1887 – First school in Albanian language opens in the city of Korca, Albania.
  • 1887 – Heino Eller was born (d. 1970). Estonian composer.
  • 1888 – En San José, Costa Rica, nace María Teresa Obregón Zamora (1888-1956), destacada educadora y una de las primeras mujeres que defendió la necesidad de una educación sexual en los colegios
  • 1898 – José María Reina Barrios is killed. President of Guatemala.
  • 1900 – Giuseppe Capogrossi was born. Italian painter.
  • 1900 – Em Lisboa, no Campo Mártires da Pátria, foi inaugurada pelo Rei D. Carlos, a estátua a Sousa Martins.
  • 1902 – Heinz Rühmann was born (d. 1994). German actor.
  • 1904 – The Japanese bomb the Russian town of Vladivostok.
  • 1904 – Ivar Ballangrud was born (d. 1969). Norwegian speed skater.
  • 1904 – Reinhard Heydrich was born (d. 1942). German nazi, SS leader and architect of the “Final Solution.”
  • 1904 – Ferdinand André Fouqué dies (b. 1828). French geologist.
  • 1906 – Finland becomes the first country to give women the right to vote, decreeing universal suffrage for all citizens over 24, however, barring those persons who are supported by the state.
  • 1907 – Rolf Jacobsen was born. Norwegian poet.
  • 1908 – Anna Magnani was born (d. 1973). Italian actress
  • 1911 – Revolution in Mexico.
  • 1912 – Roald Amundsen first announces to the world that his expedition has reached the South Pole, though they had arrived on December 14, 1911.
  • 1912 – French aviator, Heri Seimet flies non-stop from London to Paris in three hours.
  • 1913 – Emily Pauline Johnson dies. Native Canadian poet
  • 1915 – Marcelo Gama [Possidónio Cezimbra Machado] dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 3Mar 1878). Brazilian poet (simbolism), critic and journalist.
  • 1915 – Jacques Chaban-Delmas was born (d. 2000). French politician.
  • 1917 – Lee Young was born. American jazz drummer and singer
  • 1918 – World War I: Finland signs an alliance treaty with Germany.
  • 1920 – Alvaro de Sá Castro Meneses dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. in Niterói, 3 Jun 1883). Brazilian poet (Estrada de Damasco)
  • 1922 – Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya was born (d. 2004). Russian mathematician.
  • 1925 – The Soviet Red Army occupies Outer Mongolia.
  • 1925 – Rene Gagnon was born. US Marine shown in photograph of the raising of the US flag on Iwo Jima
  • 1926 – Alan Sues was born. American comedian and actor.
  • 1927 – A Texas law that bans Negroes from voting is ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
  • 1927 – James Broderick was born (d. 1982). American actor.
  • 1927 – Jean-Paul Desbiens was born (d. 2006). Quebec writer and teacher.
  • 1928 – Robert Abbe dies (b. 1851). American surgeon.
  • 1930 – Antony Armstrong-Jones was born. Lord Snowdon
  • 1932 – Aristide Briand dies (b. 1862). French statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1933 – The board game Monopoly is invented by Charles Darrow.
  • 1933 – The film King Kong premieres in New York City.
  • 1933 – Jackie Blanchflower was born (d. 1998). Northern Irish footballer.
  • 1934 – Willard Scott was born. American television broadcaster.
  • 1935 – Malcolm Campbell sets an auto speed record of 276.8 mph in Florida.
  • 1936 – World War II: In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.
  • 1938 – David Baltimore was born. American virologist who, at the age of 37, shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1975 with Howard M. Temin and Renato Dulbecco.
  • 1938 – Janet Guthrie was born. American race car driver.
  • 1940 – Rudi Dutschke was born (d. 1979). German student leader.
  • 1940 – Daniel J. Travanti was born. American actor.
  • 1942 – Japanese troops land on New Guinea.
  • 1942 – Tammy Faye Bakker was born. American evangelist
  • 1942 – Michael Eisner was born. American film studio executive
  • 1943 – Chris White was born. British bass guitarist (The Zombies)
  • 1944 – Stanley Schmidt was born. American editor.
  • 1944 – Townes Van Zandt was born (d. 1997). American musician and songwriter .
  • 1945 – John Heard was born. American actor.
  • 1945 – Arthur Lee was born. American musician (Love)
  • 1945 – World War II: American troops seize the bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany and begin to cross. It was the first incursion into Germany by Allied forces.
  • 1945 – In Yugoslavia the Communist government of Tito formed.
  • 1946 – Peter Wolf was born. American musician (J Geils Band)
  • 1947 – The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
  • 1947 – Nívea Maria was born. Brazilian actress.
  • 1947 – Richard Lawson was born. American actor.
  • 1947 – Walter Röhrl was born. German race car driver.
  • 1949 – Ghulam Nabi Azad was born. Indian politician.
  • 1949 – Francis Dodd dies (b. 1874). English artist.
  • 1950 – Cold War: The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet spy.
  • 1950 – Iris Chacon was born. Puerto Rican singer and dancer.
  • 1950 – Franco Harris was born. American football player.
  • 1951 – Korean War: Operation Ripper – In Korea, United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgeway begin an assault against Chinese forces.
  • 1951 – Francis Rocco Prestia was born. American musician (Tower of Power)
  • 1951 – Ali Razmara is assassinated in Tehran outside the Soltaneh Mosque by a member of the Feda’eyan-e Eslam (b. 1901). Prime Minister of Iran.
  • 1952 – Viv Richards “Master Blaster” was born. West Indian cricketer
  • 1952 – Ernie Isley was born. American singer .
  • 1952 – Lynn Swann was born. American football player.
  • 1952 – Paramahansa Yogananda dies (b. 1893). Indian guru.
  • 1954 – Russia wins title in their 1st international ice hockey competition Russia defeated anada 7-2 to capture the world ice-hockey title in Stockholm, Sweden.
  • 1954 – Otto Diels dies (b. 1876). German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate.
  • 1955 – 7th Emmy Awards: Make Room for Daddy, Danny Thomas and Loretta Young .
  • 1955 – Tommy Kramer was born. American football player.
  • 1956 – Bryan Cranston was born. American actor.
  • 1957 – Began TV regular transmissions in Portugal / Primeira transmissão em directo e início das emissões regulares de televisão em Portugal (RTP).
  • 1957 – Egypt open Suez Canal.
  • 1957 – Wyndham Lewis dies (b. 1882). British author and painter.
  • 1958 – Rik Mayall was born. British actor
  • 1958 – Alan Hale was born. American astronomer.
  • 1959 – Ichiro Hatoyama dies aged 76, in Tokyo. Prime Minister of Japan, helped to found the long-ruling Liberal Democratic Party,
  • 1959 – Arthur Cecil Pigou dies (b. 1877). English economist.
  • 1960 – Ivan Lendl was born. Czech tennis player Australian Open [1989,1983,1990], French Open [1984, 1986, 1987], U.S. Open [1985, 1986, 1987]) .
  • 1960 – Joe Carter was born. American baseball player.
  • 1962 – Taylor Dayne was born. American singer
  • 1963 – Bill Brochtrup was born. American actor.
  • 1963 – Denyce Graves was born. American singer.
  • 1964 – Bret Easton Ellis was born. American writer.
  • 1964 – Wanda Sykes was born. American actress and comedienne.
  • 1965 – Jesper Parnevik was born. Swedish golfer.
  • 1965 – Jack Armstrong was born. American baseball player
  • 1965 – Steve Beuerlein was born. American football player
  • 1965 – Christian-democrats win parliament in Chile.
  • 1965 – Attack on civil rights protesters in Selma, Alabama: state troopers used nightsticks and tear gas to attack American civil rights activists as they crossed a bridge in Selma, Alabama, during their march to the state capitol in Montgomery.
  • 1967 – Alice B. Toklas dies (b. 1877). American companion to Gertrude Stein.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon begins on the day of the Tet Offensive, ends.
  • 1968 – Jeff Kent dies. American baseball player.
  • 1969 – Golda Meir elected as the first female Prime Minister of Israel.
  • 1969 – Shin Ae Ra dies. Korean actress and radio DJ
  • 1969 – Américo de Oliveira Durão dies in Lisbon (b. in Coruche, 28 Oct 1894). Portuguese poet and dramatist. He was coleague and friend of Florbela Espanca, called her Sóror Saudade
  • 1971 – Rachel Weisz was born. English actress.
  • 1971 – Peter Sarsgaard was born at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois. American-born Canadian actor.
  • 1971 – A thousand U.S. planes bomb Cambodia and Laos.
  • 1972 – Jang Dong-gun was born. South Korean actor and musician.
  • 1972 – Maxim Roy was born. Quebec actress.
  • 1973 – The ultimately disappointing Comet Kohoutek is discovered by Luboš Kohoutek.
  • 1973 – Bangladesh gets its first democratic leader. Sheikh Mujib Rahman, a leader of the Bangladeshi independence movement and first prime minister of Bangladesh, wins a landslide victory in the country’s first general elections.
  • 1973 – Ray Parlour was born. English footballer
  • 1973 – Bartłomiej Świderski was born. Polish actor
  • 1973 – Sébastien Izambard was born. Operatic pop singer (Il Divo)
  • 1974 – Jenna Fischer was born. American actress
  • 1974 – Hufo Ferreira was born in Luanda. Musician, singer (Tantric).
  • 1974 – Alberto Rabagliati dies (b. 1906). Italian singer and actor.
  • 1975 – Mikhail Bakhtin dies (b. 1895). Russian philosopher.
  • 1975 – Ben Blue dies (b. 1901). Canadian actor.
  • 1976 – Wright Patman dies (b. 1893). American politician.
  • 1976 – Morocco and Mauretania break diplomatic relations with Algeria .
  • 1976 – Wright Patman dies (b. 1893). American politician.
  • 1977 – Ali Bhutto’s Pakistan People’s Party wins elections.
  • 1977 – Mitja Zastrow was born. German-born swimmer.
  • 1978 – Steve Bilko dies (b. 1928). Baseball player.
  • 1979 – Voyager 1 reaches Jupiter.
  • 1979 – Guiomar Novaes dies at 84. Brazilian pianist (Brazilian Order of Merit).
  • 1980 – Portugal: Os emissores a cores da RTP são inaugurados.
  • 1980 – Laura Prepon was born. American actress
  • 1980 – Anthony Ocana was born. Dominican composer & guitarist.
  • 1981 – Kiril Kondrashin dies (b. 1914). Russian conductor.
  • 1982 – Erika Yamakawa was born. Japanese talent
  • 1983 – The Nashville Network (TNN) begins broadcasting.
  • 1983 – Igor Markevitch dies (b. 1912). Ukrainian conductor and composer.
  • 1984 – The United States attacks San Juan del Sur in Nicaragua.
  • 1984 – A Comissão dos Direitos do Homem da ONU condena a Indonésia pela ocupação de Timor-Leste.
  • 1984 – Mathieu Flamini was born. French footballer
  • 1984 – Paul Rotha dies (b. 1907). English director.
  • 1985 – The song “We Are the World”, from the album of the same name, was played on the radio for the first time. Forty-five of pop music’s top stars had gathered together to combine their talents to record the music of Lionel Richie and Michael Jackson.
  • 1985 – Thomas Erak was born. American guitarist
  • 1986 – Jacob Javits dies (b. 1904). American politician.
  • 1987 – Mike Tyson became the youngest heavyweight titleholder World Boxing Association (WBA) championship when he beat James Smith in a decision during a 12-round fight in Las Vegas, NV.
  • 1988 – Colombia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1988 – Olesya Rulin was born. American actress
  • 1988 – Divine dies (b. 1945). American actor.
  • 1989 – Iran broke off diplomatic relations with Britain over Salman Rushdie’s novel Satanic Verses.
  • 1990 – Luiz Carlos Prestes dies in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian politician and comunist militant.
  • 1991 – Cool Papa Bell dies (b. 1903). Baseball player.
  • 1994 – In Moldova, a referendum was rejected by 90% of voters to form a union with Rumania.
  • 1994 – Charles Taylor resigns as President of Liberia.
  • 1994 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc.that parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use.
  • 1994 – A gunman takes 8 people hostage in the Salt Lake City Public Library Hostage Incident.
  • 1995 – Paul-Émile Victor dies (b. 1907). French explorer.
  • 1996 – The first democratically elected Palestinian parliament is formed.
  • 1997 – Steven Hoffenberg, Wall Street swindler is sentenced to 20 years in prison.
  • 1997 – Rabbi Emanuel Bronner dies (b. 1908). German-American soap magnate and philosopher
  • 1999 – Antonio Houaiss dies (b. 15 Oct 1915). Brazilian philologist, writer, literary critic and diplomat
  • 1997 – Edward Mills Purcell dies (b. 1912). American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate.
  • 1999 – Sidney Gottlieb dies (b. 1918). American Central Intelligence Agency official.
  • 1999 – Stanley Kubrick dies in his sleep from a fatal heart attack, in Hertfordshire, (b. 1928), American film director (“Dr. Strangelove,” “A Clockwork Orange”, “2001: A Space Odyssey,”).
  • 1999 – In El Salvador, Francisco Flores Pérez of the ruling Nationalist Republican Alliance (Arena) wins the presidential elections with 51,98% votes.
  • 2000 – Charles Gray dies (b. 1928). British actor.
  • 2000 – Pee Wee King dies (b. 1914). American country musician and songwriter.
  • 2000 – Jack Sanford dies (b. 1929). Baseball player.
  • 2001 – In Israel Ariel Sharon took office as the nation’s 11th Prime Minister. He insisted that Palestinians must reduce violence before he would resume negotiations for peace.
  • 2001 – Frankie Carle dies (b. 1903). American pianist and bandleader.
  • 2002 – Venezuela sent some 2,000 troops to its border with Colombia to block fleeing rebels.
  • 2002 – A federal judge awarded Anna Nicole Smith more than $88 million in damages. The ruling was the latest in a legal battle over the estate of Smith’s late husband, J. Howard Marshall II.
  • 2002 – Opening of The IX Paralympics Winter Games in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • 2002 – Doris Allen dies (b. 1901). American psychologist.
  • 2003 – Jose Marcio Ayres dies in New York City aged 49. Brazilian biologist and senior Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). In 1996 he set up the Mamiraua Sustainable Development Reserve to protect a 4,300 square-mile area of the Amazon rain forest.
  • 2004 – In Greece Costas Karamanlis (47) led the New Democracy party over former Foreign Minister George Papandreou’s Socialists 45.4 percent to 40.6 percent. The result gave New Democracy 165 seats in the 300-member parliament. The Socialists (Pasok) received 117 seats, Greece’s Communist Party got 12 and the Coalition of the Radical Left won six.
  • 2004 – Paul Winfield dies (b. 1941). American actor.
  • 2005 – Mass protest outside the National Assembly of Kuwait building for women’s voting rights in Kuwait.
  • 2005 – John Box dies (b. 1920). British film production designer and art director.
  • 2006 – Ali Farka Touré dies (b. 1939). Malian musician.
  • 2006 – Gordon Parks dies (b. 1912). Photographer.
  • 2006 – John Junkin dies (b. 1930). British performer.
  • Official “Metallica Day” in San Francisco, CA (enacted by Mayor Willie Brown in 1999).
  • Catholicism — Feast day of Saints Perpetua and Felicitas, patron saint of married women
 

On this day in History – Mar. 7

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:06 am
  • 0322 BC – Aristotle dies (b. 384 BG). Greek philosopher.
  • 0161 – Roman emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire.
  • 0189 – Publius Septimius Geta was born (d. 0211). Roman Emperor.
  • 0308 – Saint Eubulus dies. Christian martyr
  • 0321 – Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire
  • 0851 – Death of the King of Brittany Nominoe in Vendome
  • 1138 – Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German king.
  • 1274 – Thomas Aquinas dies (b. 1225). Italian thelogian/saint who achieved fame writing commentaries on Aristotle. He was a rationalist, who upheld reason as the appropriate method to extend human knowledge.
  • 1277 – Condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological theses by Stephen Tempier, Bishop of Paris
  • 1481 – Baldassare Peruzzi was born (d. 1537). Italian architect and painter.
  • 1556 – Guillaume du Vair was born (d. 1621). French writer.
  • 1573 – Turkey & Venice signs peace treaty.
  • 1578 – Margaret Douglas dies (b. 1515). Countess of Lennox.
  • 1625 – Johann Bayer dies (b.1572). German astronomer whose book Uranometria (1603) promulgated a system of identifying all stars visible to the naked eye.
  • 1644 – Massachusetts established the first bicameral legislature in North America.
  • 1671 – Robert Roy MacGregor was born (d. 1734). Scottish folk hero.
  • 1678 – Filippo Juvara was born (d. 1736). Italian architect.
  • 1687 – Jean Lebeuf was born (d. 1760). French historian.
  • 1693 – Pope Clement XIII was born (d. 1769)
  • 1699 – António Ribeiro Sanches was born in Penamacor (d. 1783, in Paris). Portuguese thinker and physicist.
  • 1707 – Stephen Hopkins was born. American signer of the Declaration of Independence.
  • 1715 – Ewald Christian von Kleist was born (d. 1759). German poet.
  • 1715 – Ephraim Williams was born (d. 1755). American philanthropist.
  • 1724 – Pope Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti] dies at 68. Pope (1721-24).
  • 1730 – Baron de Breteuil was born (d. 1807). French statesman.
  • 1746 – André Michaux was born (d. 1802). French botanist.
  • 1761 – Criação do Real Colégio dos Nobres, aberto 5 anos depois .
  • 1765 – Nicéphore Niépce was born (d. 1833). French inventor.
  • 1767 – Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville dies (b. 1680). French colonizer.
  • 1774 – The British close the port of Boston to all commerce.
  • 1777 – Perdão régio concedido aos marqueses de Távora e de Alorna.
  • 1778 – Charles De Geer dies (b. 1720). Swedish industrialist.
  • 1785 – Alessandro Manzoni was born in Italy. Poet, playwright and novelist
  • 1788 – Antoine César Becquerel was born (d. 1878). French physicist.
  • 1792 – John Herschel was born (d. 1871). English mathematician, astronomer.
  • 1797 – Bocage é transferido da prisão do Limoeiro para a prisão da Inquisição, sendo em 1798 transferido para o Mosteiro de São Bento da Saúde.
  • 1798 – The French army enters in Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic
  • 1799 – Napoleon I of France captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
  • 1808 – Portugal’s regent Dom Juan IV arrives in Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1810 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood dies (b. 1750). British admiral.
  • 1814 – Napoleon wins the Battle of Craonne.
  • 1815 – Napoleon I of France meets troops of the Fifth Regiment sent by Louise XVIII at Grenoble, and convinces them to join him on his march to Paris.
  • 1827 – Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, the future politician in colonial New Zealand.
  • 1827 – Brazil marines sail up the Rio Negro (Argentina) and attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina. They are defeated by the local citizens.
  • 1837 – Domingos Sequeira dies (b. 10 Mar 1768). Portuguese painter. /Faleceu o pintor português Domingos António de Sequeira, nascido a 10 Mar 1768.
  • 1837 – Henry Draper was born (d. 1882). American physician and astronomer.
  • 1838 – Soprano Jenny Lind (“the Swedish Nightingale”) makes her debut in Weber’s opera Der Freischultz.
  • 1841 – William Rockhill Nelson was born (d. 1915). Founder of Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
  • 1841 – Olegario Víctor Andrade was born. Argentinean poet (El nido de cóndores)
  • 1847 – U.S. General Winfield Scott occupies Vera Cruz, Mexico.
  • 1848 – In Hawaii, the Great Mahele was signed.
  • 1849 – Luther Burbank was born in Lancaster, Massachussets (d. 1926). American biologist and botanist.
  • 1849 – The Austrian Reichstag is dissolved.
  • 1849 – José Hilario López, candidato radical, es nombrado presidente del Gobierno de Colombia.
  • 1850 – Champ Clark was born (d. 1921). American politician.
  • 1850 – Tomás Masaryk was born (d. 14 Sep 1937). First President of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1850 – U.S. Senator Daniel Webster gave a three-hour speech endorsing the Compromise of 1850.
  • 1854 – Charles Miller received a patent for the sewing machine that stitches buttonholes.
  • 1857 – Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch was born (d. 14 Mar 1935). German chemist who won fame at the age of 25 for devising the synthesis of substituted pyridines .
  • 1857 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg was born (d. 27 Sep 1940). Austrian psychiatrist and neurologist whose made the first use of a shock therapy. He was recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Pea RidgeUnion forces led by General Samuel Curtis defeat Confederate troops under General Earl Van Dorn at Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas.
  • 1872 – Piet Mondrian was born (d. 1 Feb 1944). Dutch abstract painter, leader of the movement known as “De Stijl“.
  • 1873 – Madame Sul-Te-Wan was born (d. 1959). American actress.
  • 1875 – Maurice Ravel was born in Cibourne (d. 1937). France composer [Bolero (1928), Pavane pour une infante défunte (1899), Rapsodie espagnole (1907), the ballet Daphnis et Chloé (first performed 1912), and the opera L’Enfant et les sortilèges (1925)].
  • 1876 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for the telephone.
  • 1878 – António Patrício was born (d. 4 Jun 1930). Portuguese poet and diplomat/ Nasceu no Porto o poeta, contista, dramaturgo e diplomata português António Patrício (m. Macau, 4 Jun 1930).
  • 1878 – Boris Kustodiev was born (d. 1927). Russian painter.
  • 1887 – First school in Albanian language opens in the city of Korca, Albania.
  • 1887 – Heino Eller was born (d. 1970). Estonian composer.
  • 1888 – En San José, Costa Rica, nace María Teresa Obregón Zamora (1888-1956), destacada educadora y una de las primeras mujeres que defendió la necesidad de una educación sexual en los colegios
  • 1898 – José María Reina Barrios is killed. President of Guatemala.
  • 1900 – Giuseppe Capogrossi was born. Italian painter.
  • 1900 – Em Lisboa, no Campo Mártires da Pátria, foi inaugurada pelo Rei D. Carlos, a estátua a Sousa Martins.
  • 1902 – Heinz Rühmann was born (d. 1994). German actor.
  • 1904 – The Japanese bomb the Russian town of Vladivostok.
  • 1904 – Ivar Ballangrud was born (d. 1969). Norwegian speed skater.
  • 1904 – Reinhard Heydrich was born (d. 1942). German nazi, SS leader and architect of the “Final Solution.”
  • 1904 – Ferdinand André Fouqué dies (b. 1828). French geologist.
  • 1906 – Finland becomes the first country to give women the right to vote, decreeing universal suffrage for all citizens over 24, however, barring those persons who are supported by the state.
  • 1907 – Rolf Jacobsen was born. Norwegian poet.
  • 1908 – Anna Magnani was born (d. 1973). Italian actress
  • 1911 – Revolution in Mexico.
  • 1912 – Roald Amundsen first announces to the world that his expedition has reached the South Pole, though they had arrived on December 14, 1911.
  • 1912 – French aviator, Heri Seimet flies non-stop from London to Paris in three hours.
  • 1913 – Emily Pauline Johnson dies. Native Canadian poet
  • 1915 – Marcelo Gama [Possidónio Cezimbra Machado] dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 3Mar 1878). Brazilian poet (simbolism), critic and journalist.
  • 1915 – Jacques Chaban-Delmas was born (d. 2000). French politician.
  • 1917 – Lee Young was born. American jazz drummer and singer
  • 1918 – World War I: Finland signs an alliance treaty with Germany.
  • 1920 – Alvaro de Sá Castro Meneses dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. in Niterói, 3 Jun 1883). Brazilian poet (Estrada de Damasco)
  • 1922 – Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya was born (d. 2004). Russian mathematician.
  • 1925 – The Soviet Red Army occupies Outer Mongolia.
  • 1925 – Rene Gagnon was born. US Marine shown in photograph of the raising of the US flag on Iwo Jima
  • 1926 – Alan Sues was born. American comedian and actor.
  • 1927 – A Texas law that bans Negroes from voting is ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
  • 1927 – James Broderick was born (d. 1982). American actor.
  • 1927 – Jean-Paul Desbiens was born (d. 2006). Quebec writer and teacher.
  • 1928 – Robert Abbe dies (b. 1851). American surgeon.
  • 1930 – Antony Armstrong-Jones was born. Lord Snowdon
  • 1932 – Aristide Briand dies (b. 1862). French statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1933 – The board game Monopoly is invented by Charles Darrow.
  • 1933 – The film King Kong premieres in New York City.
  • 1933 – Jackie Blanchflower was born (d. 1998). Northern Irish footballer.
  • 1934 – Willard Scott was born. American television broadcaster.
  • 1935 – Malcolm Campbell sets an auto speed record of 276.8 mph in Florida.
  • 1936 – World War II: In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.
  • 1938 – David Baltimore was born. American virologist who, at the age of 37, shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1975 with Howard M. Temin and Renato Dulbecco.
  • 1938 – Janet Guthrie was born. American race car driver.
  • 1940 – Rudi Dutschke was born (d. 1979). German student leader.
  • 1940 – Daniel J. Travanti was born. American actor.
  • 1942 – Japanese troops land on New Guinea.
  • 1942 – Tammy Faye Bakker was born. American evangelist
  • 1942 – Michael Eisner was born. American film studio executive
  • 1943 – Chris White was born. British bass guitarist (The Zombies)
  • 1944 – Stanley Schmidt was born. American editor.
  • 1944 – Townes Van Zandt was born (d. 1997). American musician and songwriter .
  • 1945 – John Heard was born. American actor.
  • 1945 – Arthur Lee was born. American musician (Love)
  • 1945 – World War II: American troops seize the bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany and begin to cross. It was the first incursion into Germany by Allied forces.
  • 1945 – In Yugoslavia the Communist government of Tito formed.
  • 1946 – Peter Wolf was born. American musician (J Geils Band)
  • 1947 – The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
  • 1947 – Nívea Maria was born. Brazilian actress.
  • 1947 – Richard Lawson was born. American actor.
  • 1947 – Walter Röhrl was born. German race car driver.
  • 1949 – Ghulam Nabi Azad was born. Indian politician.
  • 1949 – Francis Dodd dies (b. 1874). English artist.
  • 1950 – Cold War: The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet spy.
  • 1950 – Iris Chacon was born. Puerto Rican singer and dancer.
  • 1950 – Franco Harris was born. American football player.
  • 1951 – Korean War: Operation Ripper – In Korea, United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgeway begin an assault against Chinese forces.
  • 1951 – Francis Rocco Prestia was born. American musician (Tower of Power)
  • 1951 – Ali Razmara is assassinated in Tehran outside the Soltaneh Mosque by a member of the Feda’eyan-e Eslam (b. 1901). Prime Minister of Iran.
  • 1952 – Viv Richards “Master Blaster” was born. West Indian cricketer
  • 1952 – Ernie Isley was born. American singer .
  • 1952 – Lynn Swann was born. American football player.
  • 1952 – Paramahansa Yogananda dies (b. 1893). Indian guru.
  • 1954 – Russia wins title in their 1st international ice hockey competition Russia defeated anada 7-2 to capture the world ice-hockey title in Stockholm, Sweden.
  • 1954 – Otto Diels dies (b. 1876). German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate.
  • 1955 – 7th Emmy Awards: Make Room for Daddy, Danny Thomas and Loretta Young .
  • 1955 – Tommy Kramer was born. American football player.
  • 1956 – Bryan Cranston was born. American actor.
  • 1957 – Began TV regular transmissions in Portugal / Primeira transmissão em directo e início das emissões regulares de televisão em Portugal (RTP).
  • 1957 – Egypt open Suez Canal.
  • 1957 – Wyndham Lewis dies (b. 1882). British author and painter.
  • 1958 – Rik Mayall was born. British actor
  • 1958 – Alan Hale was born. American astronomer.
  • 1959 – Ichiro Hatoyama dies aged 76, in Tokyo. Prime Minister of Japan, helped to found the long-ruling Liberal Democratic Party,
  • 1959 – Arthur Cecil Pigou dies (b. 1877). English economist.
  • 1960 – Ivan Lendl was born. Czech tennis player Australian Open [1989,1983,1990], French Open [1984, 1986, 1987], U.S. Open [1985, 1986, 1987]) .
  • 1960 – Joe Carter was born. American baseball player.
  • 1962 – Taylor Dayne was born. American singer
  • 1963 – Bill Brochtrup was born. American actor.
  • 1963 – Denyce Graves was born. American singer.
  • 1964 – Bret Easton Ellis was born. American writer.
  • 1964 – Wanda Sykes was born. American actress and comedienne.
  • 1965 – Jesper Parnevik was born. Swedish golfer.
  • 1965 – Jack Armstrong was born. American baseball player
  • 1965 – Steve Beuerlein was born. American football player
  • 1965 – Christian-democrats win parliament in Chile.
  • 1965 – Attack on civil rights protesters in Selma, Alabama: state troopers used nightsticks and tear gas to attack American civil rights activists as they crossed a bridge in Selma, Alabama, during their march to the state capitol in Montgomery.
  • 1967 – Alice B. Toklas dies (b. 1877). American companion to Gertrude Stein.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon begins on the day of the Tet Offensive, ends.
  • 1968 – Jeff Kent dies. American baseball player.
  • 1969 – Golda Meir elected as the first female Prime Minister of Israel.
  • 1969 – Shin Ae Ra dies. Korean actress and radio DJ
  • 1969 – Américo de Oliveira Durão dies in Lisbon (b. in Coruche, 28 Oct 1894). Portuguese poet and dramatist. He was coleague and friend of Florbela Espanca, called her Sóror Saudade
  • 1971 – Rachel Weisz was born. English actress.
  • 1971 – Peter Sarsgaard was born at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois. American-born Canadian actor.
  • 1971 – A thousand U.S. planes bomb Cambodia and Laos.
  • 1972 – Jang Dong-gun was born. South Korean actor and musician.
  • 1972 – Maxim Roy was born. Quebec actress.
  • 1973 – The ultimately disappointing Comet Kohoutek is discovered by Luboš Kohoutek.
  • 1973 – Bangladesh gets its first democratic leader. Sheikh Mujib Rahman, a leader of the Bangladeshi independence movement and first prime minister of Bangladesh, wins a landslide victory in the country’s first general elections.
  • 1973 – Ray Parlour was born. English footballer
  • 1973 – Bartłomiej Świderski was born. Polish actor
  • 1973 – Sébastien Izambard was born. Operatic pop singer (Il Divo)
  • 1974 – Jenna Fischer was born. American actress
  • 1974 – Hufo Ferreira was born in Luanda. Musician, singer (Tantric).
  • 1974 – Alberto Rabagliati dies (b. 1906). Italian singer and actor.
  • 1975 – Mikhail Bakhtin dies (b. 1895). Russian philosopher.
  • 1975 – Ben Blue dies (b. 1901). Canadian actor.
  • 1976 – Wright Patman dies (b. 1893). American politician.
  • 1976 – Morocco and Mauretania break diplomatic relations with Algeria .
  • 1976 – Wright Patman dies (b. 1893). American politician.
  • 1977 – Ali Bhutto’s Pakistan People’s Party wins elections.
  • 1977 – Mitja Zastrow was born. German-born swimmer.
  • 1978 – Steve Bilko dies (b. 1928). Baseball player.
  • 1979 – Voyager 1 reaches Jupiter.
  • 1979 – Guiomar Novaes dies at 84. Brazilian pianist (Brazilian Order of Merit).
  • 1980 – Portugal: Os emissores a cores da RTP são inaugurados.
  • 1980 – Laura Prepon was born. American actress
  • 1980 – Anthony Ocana was born. Dominican composer & guitarist.
  • 1981 – Kiril Kondrashin dies (b. 1914). Russian conductor.
  • 1982 – Erika Yamakawa was born. Japanese talent
  • 1983 – The Nashville Network (TNN) begins broadcasting.
  • 1983 – Igor Markevitch dies (b. 1912). Ukrainian conductor and composer.
  • 1984 – The United States attacks San Juan del Sur in Nicaragua.
  • 1984 – A Comissão dos Direitos do Homem da ONU condena a Indonésia pela ocupação de Timor-Leste.
  • 1984 – Mathieu Flamini was born. French footballer
  • 1984 – Paul Rotha dies (b. 1907). English director.
  • 1985 – The song “We Are the World”, from the album of the same name, was played on the radio for the first time. Forty-five of pop music’s top stars had gathered together to combine their talents to record the music of Lionel Richie and Michael Jackson.
  • 1985 – Thomas Erak was born. American guitarist
  • 1986 – Jacob Javits dies (b. 1904). American politician.
  • 1987 – Mike Tyson became the youngest heavyweight titleholder World Boxing Association (WBA) championship when he beat James Smith in a decision during a 12-round fight in Las Vegas, NV.
  • 1988 – Colombia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1988 – Olesya Rulin was born. American actress
  • 1988 – Divine dies (b. 1945). American actor.
  • 1989 – Iran broke off diplomatic relations with Britain over Salman Rushdie’s novel Satanic Verses.
  • 1990 – Luiz Carlos Prestes dies in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian politician and comunist militant.
  • 1991 – Cool Papa Bell dies (b. 1903). Baseball player.
  • 1994 – In Moldova, a referendum was rejected by 90% of voters to form a union with Rumania.
  • 1994 – Charles Taylor resigns as President of Liberia.
  • 1994 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc.that parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use.
  • 1994 – A gunman takes 8 people hostage in the Salt Lake City Public Library Hostage Incident.
  • 1995 – Paul-Émile Victor dies (b. 1907). French explorer.
  • 1996 – The first democratically elected Palestinian parliament is formed.
  • 1997 – Steven Hoffenberg, Wall Street swindler is sentenced to 20 years in prison.
  • 1997 – Rabbi Emanuel Bronner dies (b. 1908). German-American soap magnate and philosopher
  • 1999 – Antonio Houaiss dies (b. 15 Oct 1915). Brazilian philologist, writer, literary critic and diplomat
  • 1997 – Edward Mills Purcell dies (b. 1912). American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate.
  • 1999 – Sidney Gottlieb dies (b. 1918). American Central Intelligence Agency official.
  • 1999 – Stanley Kubrick dies in his sleep from a fatal heart attack, in Hertfordshire, (b. 1928), American film director (“Dr. Strangelove,” “A Clockwork Orange”, “2001: A Space Odyssey,”).
  • 1999 – In El Salvador, Francisco Flores Pérez of the ruling Nationalist Republican Alliance (Arena) wins the presidential elections with 51,98% votes.
  • 2000 – Charles Gray dies (b. 1928). British actor.
  • 2000 – Pee Wee King dies (b. 1914). American country musician and songwriter.
  • 2000 – Jack Sanford dies (b. 1929). Baseball player.
  • 2001 – In Israel Ariel Sharon took office as the nation’s 11th Prime Minister. He insisted that Palestinians must reduce violence before he would resume negotiations for peace.
  • 2001 – Frankie Carle dies (b. 1903). American pianist and bandleader.
  • 2002 – Venezuela sent some 2,000 troops to its border with Colombia to block fleeing rebels.
  • 2002 – A federal judge awarded Anna Nicole Smith more than $88 million in damages. The ruling was the latest in a legal battle over the estate of Smith’s late husband, J. Howard Marshall II.
  • 2002 – Opening of The IX Paralympics Winter Games in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • 2002 – Doris Allen dies (b. 1901). American psychologist.
  • 2003 – Jose Marcio Ayres dies in New York City aged 49. Brazilian biologist and senior Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). In 1996 he set up the Mamiraua Sustainable Development Reserve to protect a 4,300 square-mile area of the Amazon rain forest.
  • 2004 – In Greece Costas Karamanlis (47) led the New Democracy party over former Foreign Minister George Papandreou’s Socialists 45.4 percent to 40.6 percent. The result gave New Democracy 165 seats in the 300-member parliament. The Socialists (Pasok) received 117 seats, Greece’s Communist Party got 12 and the Coalition of the Radical Left won six.
  • 2004 – Paul Winfield dies (b. 1941). American actor.
  • 2005 – Mass protest outside the National Assembly of Kuwait building for women’s voting rights in Kuwait.
  • 2005 – John Box dies (b. 1920). British film production designer and art director.
  • 2006 – Ali Farka Touré dies (b. 1939). Malian musician.
  • 2006 – Gordon Parks dies (b. 1912). Photographer.
  • 2006 – John Junkin dies (b. 1930). British performer.
  • Official “Metallica Day” in San Francisco, CA (enacted by Mayor Willie Brown in 1999).
  • Catholicism — Feast day of Saints Perpetua and Felicitas, patron saint of married women
 

On this day in History – Mar. 7

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:06 am
  • 0322 BC – Aristotle dies (b. 384 BG). Greek philosopher.
  • 0161 – Roman emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire.
  • 0189 – Publius Septimius Geta was born (d. 0211). Roman Emperor.
  • 0308 – Saint Eubulus dies. Christian martyr
  • 0321 – Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire
  • 0851 – Death of the King of Brittany Nominoe in Vendome
  • 1138 – Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German king.
  • 1274 – Thomas Aquinas dies (b. 1225). Italian thelogian/saint who achieved fame writing commentaries on Aristotle. He was a rationalist, who upheld reason as the appropriate method to extend human knowledge.
  • 1277 – Condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological theses by Stephen Tempier, Bishop of Paris
  • 1481 – Baldassare Peruzzi was born (d. 1537). Italian architect and painter.
  • 1556 – Guillaume du Vair was born (d. 1621). French writer.
  • 1573 – Turkey & Venice signs peace treaty.
  • 1578 – Margaret Douglas dies (b. 1515). Countess of Lennox.
  • 1625 – Johann Bayer dies (b.1572). German astronomer whose book Uranometria (1603) promulgated a system of identifying all stars visible to the naked eye.
  • 1644 – Massachusetts established the first bicameral legislature in North America.
  • 1671 – Robert Roy MacGregor was born (d. 1734). Scottish folk hero.
  • 1678 – Filippo Juvara was born (d. 1736). Italian architect.
  • 1687 – Jean Lebeuf was born (d. 1760). French historian.
  • 1693 – Pope Clement XIII was born (d. 1769)
  • 1699 – António Ribeiro Sanches was born in Penamacor (d. 1783, in Paris). Portuguese thinker and physicist.
  • 1707 – Stephen Hopkins was born. American signer of the Declaration of Independence.
  • 1715 – Ewald Christian von Kleist was born (d. 1759). German poet.
  • 1715 – Ephraim Williams was born (d. 1755). American philanthropist.
  • 1724 – Pope Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti] dies at 68. Pope (1721-24).
  • 1730 – Baron de Breteuil was born (d. 1807). French statesman.
  • 1746 – André Michaux was born (d. 1802). French botanist.
  • 1761 – Criação do Real Colégio dos Nobres, aberto 5 anos depois .
  • 1765 – Nicéphore Niépce was born (d. 1833). French inventor.
  • 1767 – Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville dies (b. 1680). French colonizer.
  • 1774 – The British close the port of Boston to all commerce.
  • 1777 – Perdão régio concedido aos marqueses de Távora e de Alorna.
  • 1778 – Charles De Geer dies (b. 1720). Swedish industrialist.
  • 1785 – Alessandro Manzoni was born in Italy. Poet, playwright and novelist
  • 1788 – Antoine César Becquerel was born (d. 1878). French physicist.
  • 1792 – John Herschel was born (d. 1871). English mathematician, astronomer.
  • 1797 – Bocage é transferido da prisão do Limoeiro para a prisão da Inquisição, sendo em 1798 transferido para o Mosteiro de São Bento da Saúde.
  • 1798 – The French army enters in Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic
  • 1799 – Napoleon I of France captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
  • 1808 – Portugal’s regent Dom Juan IV arrives in Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1810 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood dies (b. 1750). British admiral.
  • 1814 – Napoleon wins the Battle of Craonne.
  • 1815 – Napoleon I of France meets troops of the Fifth Regiment sent by Louise XVIII at Grenoble, and convinces them to join him on his march to Paris.
  • 1827 – Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, the future politician in colonial New Zealand.
  • 1827 – Brazil marines sail up the Rio Negro (Argentina) and attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina. They are defeated by the local citizens.
  • 1837 – Domingos Sequeira dies (b. 10 Mar 1768). Portuguese painter. /Faleceu o pintor português Domingos António de Sequeira, nascido a 10 Mar 1768.
  • 1837 – Henry Draper was born (d. 1882). American physician and astronomer.
  • 1838 – Soprano Jenny Lind (“the Swedish Nightingale”) makes her debut in Weber’s opera Der Freischultz.
  • 1841 – William Rockhill Nelson was born (d. 1915). Founder of Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
  • 1841 – Olegario Víctor Andrade was born. Argentinean poet (El nido de cóndores)
  • 1847 – U.S. General Winfield Scott occupies Vera Cruz, Mexico.
  • 1848 – In Hawaii, the Great Mahele was signed.
  • 1849 – Luther Burbank was born in Lancaster, Massachussets (d. 1926). American biologist and botanist.
  • 1849 – The Austrian Reichstag is dissolved.
  • 1849 – José Hilario López, candidato radical, es nombrado presidente del Gobierno de Colombia.
  • 1850 – Champ Clark was born (d. 1921). American politician.
  • 1850 – Tomás Masaryk was born (d. 14 Sep 1937). First President of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1850 – U.S. Senator Daniel Webster gave a three-hour speech endorsing the Compromise of 1850.
  • 1854 – Charles Miller received a patent for the sewing machine that stitches buttonholes.
  • 1857 – Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch was born (d. 14 Mar 1935). German chemist who won fame at the age of 25 for devising the synthesis of substituted pyridines .
  • 1857 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg was born (d. 27 Sep 1940). Austrian psychiatrist and neurologist whose made the first use of a shock therapy. He was recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Pea RidgeUnion forces led by General Samuel Curtis defeat Confederate troops under General Earl Van Dorn at Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas.
  • 1872 – Piet Mondrian was born (d. 1 Feb 1944). Dutch abstract painter, leader of the movement known as “De Stijl“.
  • 1873 – Madame Sul-Te-Wan was born (d. 1959). American actress.
  • 1875 – Maurice Ravel was born in Cibourne (d. 1937). France composer [Bolero (1928), Pavane pour une infante défunte (1899), Rapsodie espagnole (1907), the ballet Daphnis et Chloé (first performed 1912), and the opera L’Enfant et les sortilèges (1925)].
  • 1876 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for the telephone.
  • 1878 – António Patrício was born (d. 4 Jun 1930). Portuguese poet and diplomat/ Nasceu no Porto o poeta, contista, dramaturgo e diplomata português António Patrício (m. Macau, 4 Jun 1930).
  • 1878 – Boris Kustodiev was born (d. 1927). Russian painter.
  • 1887 – First school in Albanian language opens in the city of Korca, Albania.
  • 1887 – Heino Eller was born (d. 1970). Estonian composer.
  • 1888 – En San José, Costa Rica, nace María Teresa Obregón Zamora (1888-1956), destacada educadora y una de las primeras mujeres que defendió la necesidad de una educación sexual en los colegios
  • 1898 – José María Reina Barrios is killed. President of Guatemala.
  • 1900 – Giuseppe Capogrossi was born. Italian painter.
  • 1900 – Em Lisboa, no Campo Mártires da Pátria, foi inaugurada pelo Rei D. Carlos, a estátua a Sousa Martins.
  • 1902 – Heinz Rühmann was born (d. 1994). German actor.
  • 1904 – The Japanese bomb the Russian town of Vladivostok.
  • 1904 – Ivar Ballangrud was born (d. 1969). Norwegian speed skater.
  • 1904 – Reinhard Heydrich was born (d. 1942). German nazi, SS leader and architect of the “Final Solution.”
  • 1904 – Ferdinand André Fouqué dies (b. 1828). French geologist.
  • 1906 – Finland becomes the first country to give women the right to vote, decreeing universal suffrage for all citizens over 24, however, barring those persons who are supported by the state.
  • 1907 – Rolf Jacobsen was born. Norwegian poet.
  • 1908 – Anna Magnani was born (d. 1973). Italian actress
  • 1911 – Revolution in Mexico.
  • 1912 – Roald Amundsen first announces to the world that his expedition has reached the South Pole, though they had arrived on December 14, 1911.
  • 1912 – French aviator, Heri Seimet flies non-stop from London to Paris in three hours.
  • 1913 – Emily Pauline Johnson dies. Native Canadian poet
  • 1915 – Marcelo Gama [Possidónio Cezimbra Machado] dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 3Mar 1878). Brazilian poet (simbolism), critic and journalist.
  • 1915 – Jacques Chaban-Delmas was born (d. 2000). French politician.
  • 1917 – Lee Young was born. American jazz drummer and singer
  • 1918 – World War I: Finland signs an alliance treaty with Germany.
  • 1920 – Alvaro de Sá Castro Meneses dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. in Niterói, 3 Jun 1883). Brazilian poet (Estrada de Damasco)
  • 1922 – Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya was born (d. 2004). Russian mathematician.
  • 1925 – The Soviet Red Army occupies Outer Mongolia.
  • 1925 – Rene Gagnon was born. US Marine shown in photograph of the raising of the US flag on Iwo Jima
  • 1926 – Alan Sues was born. American comedian and actor.
  • 1927 – A Texas law that bans Negroes from voting is ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
  • 1927 – James Broderick was born (d. 1982). American actor.
  • 1927 – Jean-Paul Desbiens was born (d. 2006). Quebec writer and teacher.
  • 1928 – Robert Abbe dies (b. 1851). American surgeon.
  • 1930 – Antony Armstrong-Jones was born. Lord Snowdon
  • 1932 – Aristide Briand dies (b. 1862). French statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1933 – The board game Monopoly is invented by Charles Darrow.
  • 1933 – The film King Kong premieres in New York City.
  • 1933 – Jackie Blanchflower was born (d. 1998). Northern Irish footballer.
  • 1934 – Willard Scott was born. American television broadcaster.
  • 1935 – Malcolm Campbell sets an auto speed record of 276.8 mph in Florida.
  • 1936 – World War II: In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.
  • 1938 – David Baltimore was born. American virologist who, at the age of 37, shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1975 with Howard M. Temin and Renato Dulbecco.
  • 1938 – Janet Guthrie was born. American race car driver.
  • 1940 – Rudi Dutschke was born (d. 1979). German student leader.
  • 1940 – Daniel J. Travanti was born. American actor.
  • 1942 – Japanese troops land on New Guinea.
  • 1942 – Tammy Faye Bakker was born. American evangelist
  • 1942 – Michael Eisner was born. American film studio executive
  • 1943 – Chris White was born. British bass guitarist (The Zombies)
  • 1944 – Stanley Schmidt was born. American editor.
  • 1944 – Townes Van Zandt was born (d. 1997). American musician and songwriter .
  • 1945 – John Heard was born. American actor.
  • 1945 – Arthur Lee was born. American musician (Love)
  • 1945 – World War II: American troops seize the bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany and begin to cross. It was the first incursion into Germany by Allied forces.
  • 1945 – In Yugoslavia the Communist government of Tito formed.
  • 1946 – Peter Wolf was born. American musician (J Geils Band)
  • 1947 – The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
  • 1947 – Nívea Maria was born. Brazilian actress.
  • 1947 – Richard Lawson was born. American actor.
  • 1947 – Walter Röhrl was born. German race car driver.
  • 1949 – Ghulam Nabi Azad was born. Indian politician.
  • 1949 – Francis Dodd dies (b. 1874). English artist.
  • 1950 – Cold War: The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet spy.
  • 1950 – Iris Chacon was born. Puerto Rican singer and dancer.
  • 1950 – Franco Harris was born. American football player.
  • 1951 – Korean War: Operation Ripper – In Korea, United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgeway begin an assault against Chinese forces.
  • 1951 – Francis Rocco Prestia was born. American musician (Tower of Power)
  • 1951 – Ali Razmara is assassinated in Tehran outside the Soltaneh Mosque by a member of the Feda’eyan-e Eslam (b. 1901). Prime Minister of Iran.
  • 1952 – Viv Richards “Master Blaster” was born. West Indian cricketer
  • 1952 – Ernie Isley was born. American singer .
  • 1952 – Lynn Swann was born. American football player.
  • 1952 – Paramahansa Yogananda dies (b. 1893). Indian guru.
  • 1954 – Russia wins title in their 1st international ice hockey competition Russia defeated anada 7-2 to capture the world ice-hockey title in Stockholm, Sweden.
  • 1954 – Otto Diels dies (b. 1876). German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate.
  • 1955 – 7th Emmy Awards: Make Room for Daddy, Danny Thomas and Loretta Young .
  • 1955 – Tommy Kramer was born. American football player.
  • 1956 – Bryan Cranston was born. American actor.
  • 1957 – Began TV regular transmissions in Portugal / Primeira transmissão em directo e início das emissões regulares de televisão em Portugal (RTP).
  • 1957 – Egypt open Suez Canal.
  • 1957 – Wyndham Lewis dies (b. 1882). British author and painter.
  • 1958 – Rik Mayall was born. British actor
  • 1958 – Alan Hale was born. American astronomer.
  • 1959 – Ichiro Hatoyama dies aged 76, in Tokyo. Prime Minister of Japan, helped to found the long-ruling Liberal Democratic Party,
  • 1959 – Arthur Cecil Pigou dies (b. 1877). English economist.
  • 1960 – Ivan Lendl was born. Czech tennis player Australian Open [1989,1983,1990], French Open [1984, 1986, 1987], U.S. Open [1985, 1986, 1987]) .
  • 1960 – Joe Carter was born. American baseball player.
  • 1962 – Taylor Dayne was born. American singer
  • 1963 – Bill Brochtrup was born. American actor.
  • 1963 – Denyce Graves was born. American singer.
  • 1964 – Bret Easton Ellis was born. American writer.
  • 1964 – Wanda Sykes was born. American actress and comedienne.
  • 1965 – Jesper Parnevik was born. Swedish golfer.
  • 1965 – Jack Armstrong was born. American baseball player
  • 1965 – Steve Beuerlein was born. American football player
  • 1965 – Christian-democrats win parliament in Chile.
  • 1965 – Attack on civil rights protesters in Selma, Alabama: state troopers used nightsticks and tear gas to attack American civil rights activists as they crossed a bridge in Selma, Alabama, during their march to the state capitol in Montgomery.
  • 1967 – Alice B. Toklas dies (b. 1877). American companion to Gertrude Stein.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon begins on the day of the Tet Offensive, ends.
  • 1968 – Jeff Kent dies. American baseball player.
  • 1969 – Golda Meir elected as the first female Prime Minister of Israel.
  • 1969 – Shin Ae Ra dies. Korean actress and radio DJ
  • 1969 – Américo de Oliveira Durão dies in Lisbon (b. in Coruche, 28 Oct 1894). Portuguese poet and dramatist. He was coleague and friend of Florbela Espanca, called her Sóror Saudade
  • 1971 – Rachel Weisz was born. English actress.
  • 1971 – Peter Sarsgaard was born at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois. American-born Canadian actor.
  • 1971 – A thousand U.S. planes bomb Cambodia and Laos.
  • 1972 – Jang Dong-gun was born. South Korean actor and musician.
  • 1972 – Maxim Roy was born. Quebec actress.
  • 1973 – The ultimately disappointing Comet Kohoutek is discovered by Luboš Kohoutek.
  • 1973 – Bangladesh gets its first democratic leader. Sheikh Mujib Rahman, a leader of the Bangladeshi independence movement and first prime minister of Bangladesh, wins a landslide victory in the country’s first general elections.
  • 1973 – Ray Parlour was born. English footballer
  • 1973 – Bartłomiej Świderski was born. Polish actor
  • 1973 – Sébastien Izambard was born. Operatic pop singer (Il Divo)
  • 1974 – Jenna Fischer was born. American actress
  • 1974 – Hufo Ferreira was born in Luanda. Musician, singer (Tantric).
  • 1974 – Alberto Rabagliati dies (b. 1906). Italian singer and actor.
  • 1975 – Mikhail Bakhtin dies (b. 1895). Russian philosopher.
  • 1975 – Ben Blue dies (b. 1901). Canadian actor.
  • 1976 – Wright Patman dies (b. 1893). American politician.
  • 1976 – Morocco and Mauretania break diplomatic relations with Algeria .
  • 1976 – Wright Patman dies (b. 1893). American politician.
  • 1977 – Ali Bhutto’s Pakistan People’s Party wins elections.
  • 1977 – Mitja Zastrow was born. German-born swimmer.
  • 1978 – Steve Bilko dies (b. 1928). Baseball player.
  • 1979 – Voyager 1 reaches Jupiter.
  • 1979 – Guiomar Novaes dies at 84. Brazilian pianist (Brazilian Order of Merit).
  • 1980 – Portugal: Os emissores a cores da RTP são inaugurados.
  • 1980 – Laura Prepon was born. American actress
  • 1980 – Anthony Ocana was born. Dominican composer & guitarist.
  • 1981 – Kiril Kondrashin dies (b. 1914). Russian conductor.
  • 1982 – Erika Yamakawa was born. Japanese talent
  • 1983 – The Nashville Network (TNN) begins broadcasting.
  • 1983 – Igor Markevitch dies (b. 1912). Ukrainian conductor and composer.
  • 1984 – The United States attacks San Juan del Sur in Nicaragua.
  • 1984 – A Comissão dos Direitos do Homem da ONU condena a Indonésia pela ocupação de Timor-Leste.
  • 1984 – Mathieu Flamini was born. French footballer
  • 1984 – Paul Rotha dies (b. 1907). English director.
  • 1985 – The song “We Are the World”, from the album of the same name, was played on the radio for the first time. Forty-five of pop music’s top stars had gathered together to combine their talents to record the music of Lionel Richie and Michael Jackson.
  • 1985 – Thomas Erak was born. American guitarist
  • 1986 – Jacob Javits dies (b. 1904). American politician.
  • 1987 – Mike Tyson became the youngest heavyweight titleholder World Boxing Association (WBA) championship when he beat James Smith in a decision during a 12-round fight in Las Vegas, NV.
  • 1988 – Colombia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1988 – Olesya Rulin was born. American actress
  • 1988 – Divine dies (b. 1945). American actor.
  • 1989 – Iran broke off diplomatic relations with Britain over Salman Rushdie’s novel Satanic Verses.
  • 1990 – Luiz Carlos Prestes dies in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian politician and comunist militant.
  • 1991 – Cool Papa Bell dies (b. 1903). Baseball player.
  • 1994 – In Moldova, a referendum was rejected by 90% of voters to form a union with Rumania.
  • 1994 – Charles Taylor resigns as President of Liberia.
  • 1994 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc.that parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use.
  • 1994 – A gunman takes 8 people hostage in the Salt Lake City Public Library Hostage Incident.
  • 1995 – Paul-Émile Victor dies (b. 1907). French explorer.
  • 1996 – The first democratically elected Palestinian parliament is formed.
  • 1997 – Steven Hoffenberg, Wall Street swindler is sentenced to 20 years in prison.
  • 1997 – Rabbi Emanuel Bronner dies (b. 1908). German-American soap magnate and philosopher
  • 1999 – Antonio Houaiss dies (b. 15 Oct 1915). Brazilian philologist, writer, literary critic and diplomat
  • 1997 – Edward Mills Purcell dies (b. 1912). American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate.
  • 1999 – Sidney Gottlieb dies (b. 1918). American Central Intelligence Agency official.
  • 1999 – Stanley Kubrick dies in his sleep from a fatal heart attack, in Hertfordshire, (b. 1928), American film director (“Dr. Strangelove,” “A Clockwork Orange”, “2001: A Space Odyssey,”).
  • 1999 – In El Salvador, Francisco Flores Pérez of the ruling Nationalist Republican Alliance (Arena) wins the presidential elections with 51,98% votes.
  • 2000 – Charles Gray dies (b. 1928). British actor.
  • 2000 – Pee Wee King dies (b. 1914). American country musician and songwriter.
  • 2000 – Jack Sanford dies (b. 1929). Baseball player.
  • 2001 – In Israel Ariel Sharon took office as the nation’s 11th Prime Minister. He insisted that Palestinians must reduce violence before he would resume negotiations for peace.
  • 2001 – Frankie Carle dies (b. 1903). American pianist and bandleader.
  • 2002 – Venezuela sent some 2,000 troops to its border with Colombia to block fleeing rebels.
  • 2002 – A federal judge awarded Anna Nicole Smith more than $88 million in damages. The ruling was the latest in a legal battle over the estate of Smith’s late husband, J. Howard Marshall II.
  • 2002 – Opening of The IX Paralympics Winter Games in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • 2002 – Doris Allen dies (b. 1901). American psychologist.
  • 2003 – Jose Marcio Ayres dies in New York City aged 49. Brazilian biologist and senior Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). In 1996 he set up the Mamiraua Sustainable Development Reserve to protect a 4,300 square-mile area of the Amazon rain forest.
  • 2004 – In Greece Costas Karamanlis (47) led the New Democracy party over former Foreign Minister George Papandreou’s Socialists 45.4 percent to 40.6 percent. The result gave New Democracy 165 seats in the 300-member parliament. The Socialists (Pasok) received 117 seats, Greece’s Communist Party got 12 and the Coalition of the Radical Left won six.
  • 2004 – Paul Winfield dies (b. 1941). American actor.
  • 2005 – Mass protest outside the National Assembly of Kuwait building for women’s voting rights in Kuwait.
  • 2005 – John Box dies (b. 1920). British film production designer and art director.
  • 2006 – Ali Farka Touré dies (b. 1939). Malian musician.
  • 2006 – Gordon Parks dies (b. 1912). Photographer.
  • 2006 – John Junkin dies (b. 1930). British performer.
  • Official “Metallica Day” in San Francisco, CA (enacted by Mayor Willie Brown in 1999).
  • Catholicism — Feast day of Saints Perpetua and Felicitas, patron saint of married women