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Adeus Sr. Koeman. Se não é capaz de pôr o Benfica a jogar melhor do que isto, não o queremos mais por cá… Abril 9, 2006

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 7:04 pm
Benfica 2 – 2 Marítimo

Paupérrima exibição e a derrota foi evitada «in-extremis»

Podia ter sido diferente se Marcos não tivesse feito uma defesa impossível a remate de Marcel aos 23′ ou o árbitro tivesse expulso Briguel (e marcado o competente penalty) por uma bofetada a Micolli dentro da área.

Mas uma equipa que ainda é a campeã nacional tem de ter muito mais organização, mais motivação e o nível mínimo de exigencia tem de ser colocado numa fasquia muito mais elevada do que aquilo que fez neste jogo.

Entrada no jogo com calma demasiada e depois é o que se viu. As dificuldades aumentam. Sofreu um golo de canto (quando Ricardo Rocha estava de fora), o Marítimo vai-se concentrando na defesa e perante equipas fechadas na defesa (com dois autocarros frente à baliza) o Benfica não tem capacidade ofensiva.

Se juntarmos os brindes de Moretto a oferecer as bolas aos adversários para depois evitar os golos (oferecidos) e os jogadores no onze inicial absolutamente fora de forma (Laurent Robert e Nélson) e jogadores como Karagounis, Geovanni e Manduca no banco, dificilmente um treinador português da segunda divisão poderia fazer pior que Koeman.

O 0-2 por Zé Carlos após uma excelente jogada pela esquerda de Evando parecia arrumar o jogo. O Benfica por Petit reduziu para 1-2. Mantorras nos descontos atirou de cabeça à barra e obrigou ainda Marcos a defender uma bola (dentro da baliza?) que se festejou golo. Finalmente um penalty com cinco minutos de desconto permitiu a Simão evitar a derrota.

Para Ulisses Morais jogar na Luz é talismã. Foi assim com o Gil Vicente e quase repetia a dose com o Marítimo.

E não aceitamos o pedido de desculpas do Sr. Koeman…

Árbitro: Augusto Duarte (Braga)

BENFICA: Moretto; Nélson (Karagounis, 60m), Luisão, Ricardo Rocha e Léo; Petit e Manuel Fernandes; Robert (Manduca, 73m), Miccoli, Marcel (Mantorras, 60m) e Simão

MARÍTIMO: Marcos; Briguel, Van der Gaag, Valnei e Evaldo; Fernando, Olberdam e Wénio; Kanu (Fahel, 75m), Zé Carlos (Rincón, 85m) e Marcinho (Filipe Oliveira, ao int.)

Disciplina: Amarelo a Fernando (24m), Petit (25m), Briguel (66m), Filipe Oliveira (67m), Ricardo Rocha (76m), Manuel Fernandes (90m) e Fahel (91m)

Marcadores: Valnei (37m), Zé Carlos (73m), Petit (79m) e Simão (90+5 m de g.p.)

 

Portuguese League – 30th Matchday

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 5:31 pm
-30th Matchday –
07 Apr 21:30 Nacional

4 – 0 Belenenses
08 Apr 17:15 União de Leiria 1 – 0 Vitória de Guimarães
08 Apr 20:45 Sporting 0 – 1 Porto
09 Apr 16:00 Paços de Ferreira 2 – 1 Rio Ave
09 Apr 16:00 Académica 2 – 2 Naval 1º. de Maio
09 Apr 16:00 Gil Vicente 1 – 1 Estrela da Amadora
09 Apr 18:30 Benfica 2 – 2 Marítimo
09 Apr 20:45 Vitória de Setúbal 1 – 0 Braga
10 Apr 20:30 Penafiel Boavista
Comentário: Esta jornada decidiu tudo lá na frente da classificação. Porto campeão, Sporting mesmo perdendo tem o 2º. lugar praticanmente confirmado face ao empate do Benfica. E este paradoxalmente também tem 0 3º. lugar firme face à derrota do Braga. Cá em baixo é que as coisas continuam complicadas. A derrota do Guimarães em Leiria e o empate em casa do Gil Vicente perante o Estrela da Amadora colocam Guimarães e Gil Vicente numa situação ainda mais difícil. Na próxima semana já temos uma final Naval-Gil Vicente enquanto para o Guimarães só um triunfo perante o Penafiel lhe serve. O triunfo do Paços de Ferreira frente ao rival Rio Ave deu-lhe alento. O Estrela da Amadora é que está praticamente salvo da confusão na qual o Belenenses derrotado copiosamente na Madeira está metido.

Place Club Points Goals
1. Porto 69 48-14
2. Sporting 64 46-23
3. Benfica 60 46-25
4. Braga 54 32-17
5. Boavista (*) 47 35-24
6. Nacional 47 37-28
7. Vitória de Setúbal 45 26-27
8. União de Leiria 40 36-38
9. Estrela da Amadora 37 28-32
10. Marítimo 36 32-34
11. Naval 1º. de Maio 35 33-42
12. Belenenses 34 36-39
12. Académica 34 31-42
12. Rio Ave 34 30-40
12. Paços de Ferreira 34 30-44
16. Vitória de Guimarães 30 23-35
17. Gil Vicente 30 30-40
18. Penafiel (*) 14 20-55
(*) One match less
-30th Matchday –
14 Apr 17:15 Belenenses

Vitória de Setúbal
14 Apr 19:45 Porto União de Leiria
15 Apr 16:00 Rio Ave Académica
15 Apr 16:00 Naval 1º. de Maio Gil Vicente
15 Apr 16:00 Vitória de Guimarães Penafiel
15 Apr 19:15 Estrela da Amadora Sporting
15 Apr 21:45 Boavista Benfica
16 Apr 18:00 Marítimo Nacional
17 Apr 20:30 Braga Paços de Ferreira
 

On this day in History – Apr 09

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 5:20 pm
  • 0193 – Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).
  • 0491- Zeno dirs. Byzantine emperor.
  • 0715 – Pope Constantine dies.
  • 0999 – Sylvester II (Gerbert of Aurillac) consecrated as first French Pope
  • 1024 – Pope Benedict VIII dies.
  • 1137 – William X, Duke of Aquitaine dies (b. 1099) .
  • 1241 – Battle of Liegnitz: Mongol forces defeats the Polish and German armies.
  • 1348 – William of Ockham, dies at 68, mathematical logician and philosopher excommunicated in 1328. Known for “Ockham’s Razor”: “Frustra fit per plura, quod fieri potest per pauciora.” or “Essentia non sunt multiplicanda praeter necessitatem.” Author of Opus nonaginta dierum — Compendium errorum Joannis Papæ XXII — Quæstiones octo de auctoritate summi pontificis.
  • 1388 – Battle of Noefels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army.
  • 1483 – Rei Eduardo IV de Inglaterra morre.
  • 1500 -A esquadra de Pedro Álvares Cabral cruza o Equador .
  • 1553 – François Rabelais, dies (b. c. 1493). Writer.
  • 1555 – Início do pontificado do Papa Marcelo II.
  • 1557 – Mikael Agricola, dies (b. 1510). De facto founder of written Finnish
  • 1588 – Paolo Caliari “Veronese”, dies (b. 1528). Venetian Mannerist painter.
  • 1626 – Sir Francis Bacon, dies (b. 1561). Philosopher, statesman, essayist.
  • 1652 – Jean Le Fèvre, was born (d. 1706).French mathematician and astronomer who died in 1706.
  • 1656 – Francesco Trevisani, was born (d. 30 Jul 1746). Cavaliere romano, Italian Rococo painter.
  • 1667 – First ever public art exhibition opens in Paris .
  • 1682 – Robert de LaSalle discovers the mouth of the Mississippi River, claims it for France and names it Louisiana.
  • 1747 – Pela última vez, foi decapitado um condenado, em Inglaterra.
  • 1759 – Nascimento de D. Carlos da Cunha e Menezes (Cardeal Português) .
  • 1770 – Capt James Cook discovers Botany Bay (Australia).
  • 1770 – Nascimento de T. J. Seebeck, físico que em 1821 descobriu o efeito termoeléctrico.
  • 1773 – Étienne Aignan, was born. Translator, political writer, librettist, playwright.
  • 1791 – Georges Peacock, was born (d. 08 Nov 1858). English mathematician. In 1830 he published Treatise on Algebra which attempted to give algebra a logical treatment comparable to Euclid’s Elements .
  • 1794 – Theobald Boehm, was born. Inventor of the modern flute.
  • 1804 – Jacques Necker, dies (b. 1732). French statesman, finance minister of Louis XVI .
  • 1806 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel, was born (d. 1859). Engineer.
  • 1807 – John Opie, dies (b. May 1761). English portrait and historical painter .
  • 1813 – Jan Michiel Ruyten, was born (d. 12 Nov 1881). Belgian artist.
  • 1816 – Charles Eugène Delaunay, was born (d.05 Aug 1872). French mathematician and astronomer.
  • 1813 – Robert Richard Anstice, was born (d. 17 Dec 1853). English mathematician.
  • 1821 – Charles Baudelaire, was born (d. 1867).Lyricist, symbolist poet.
  • 1824 – John George Naish, was born (d. 1905). British artist.
  • 1829 – Joseph-François Ducq, dies (b. 10 Sep 1762). French artist.
  • 1830 – Eadweard Muybridge, was born (d. 1904). Photographer, motion picture pioneer.
  • 1835 – King Leopold II of Belgium [Léopold-Louis-Philippe-Marie-Victor], was born. King of the Belgians from the death of his father Léopold I (16 Dec 1790 – 10 Dec 1865) to his own death on 17 Dec 1909.
  • 1835 – Willem Karel Nakken, was born (d. 04 Jan 1926). Dutch British artist.
  • 1836 – Casamento (2º) de Dona Maria II com o duque Fernando Augusto .
  • 1837 – Domenico Quaglio, dies (b. 01 Jan 1787). German painter, draftsman, and printmaker.
  • 1838 – Inauguração em Londres da National Gallery.
  • 1839 – Jean-Georges Hirn, dies (b. 15 Dec 1777). French artist.
  • 1848 – Helene Lange, was born (d. 1930). Teacher .
  • 1852 – Antoine Joseph Michel Romagnesi, dies (b. 1782). French artist.
  • 1858 – Joseph Karl Stieler, dies (b. 01 Nov 1758). German painter.
  • 1864 – Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana (Red River Expedition) .
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia (26,765 troops) to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, effectively ending the war.
  • 1865 – Nace Charles Proteus Steinmetz, ingeniero electrotécnico e inventor de origen alemán y nacionalizado estadounidense, conocido por su investigación sobre la corriente alterna.
  • 1865 – Abade de Baçal was born. Portuguese historian and archeologist.
  • 1867 – Chris Watson, was born (d. 1941). Third Prime Minister of Australia .
  • 1867 – Alaska purchase: By a single vote, the United States Senate ratifies a treaty with Russia for the purchase of Alaska.
  • 1869 – Élie Joseph Cartan, was born (d. 06 May 1951). French mathematician. He worked on continuous groups, Lie algebras, differential equations and geometry .
  • 1879 – WC Fields, was born. American actor.
  • 1882 – Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti, dies (b. 12 May 1828). English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter.
  • 1886 -Nascimento de Maria Eugênia Celso Carneiro de Mendonça. Escritora brasileira.
  • 1889 – Michel Eugène Chevreul, dies (b. 1786). French chemist.
  • 1891 – Nace en Tucumán el aviador Benjamín Matienzo.
  • 1895 – Gunnar-Fredrik Berndtson, dies (b. 24 Oct 1854). Swedish-Finnish French painter and illustrator.
  • 1897 – John B. Gambling, was born (d. 1974). Radio talk-show host.
  • 1898 – Paul Robeson, was born (d. 1976). Singer, political activist.
  • 1903 – Ward (Wardell) Bond, was born (d. 05 Nov 1960). Actor ( Wagon Train, Gone with the Wind, Drums Along the Mohawk, It’s a Wonderful Life, The Maltese Falcon, Mister Roberts, Rio Bravo, Tall in the Saddle, The Time of Your Life).
  • 1904 – Sharkey Bonano, was born (d. 1972). Jazz musician.
  • 1904 – Queen Isabella II, dies at 73, Queen of Spain (1833-68) .
  • 1905 – J. William Fulbright, was born (d. 1995). Former Senator from Arkansas .
  • 1905 -King Faisal I was born in Saudi Arabia (d. 25 March 1975 assassination). King of Saudi Arabia 1964-1975 .
  • 1906 – Antal Dorati, was born (d. 1988). Hungarian conductor.
  • 1906 – Rafaela Aparício was born in Marbella, Málaga, Spain. Actress .
  • 1908 – Victor Vasarely, painter (d. 1997). Hungarian French School of Paris abstract painter and screenprintmaker, specialized in Optical Art .
  • 1909 – The U.S. Congress passes the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act.
  • 1911 – Em Portugal, foi criado o Primeiro Corpo de Escuteiros .
  • 1912 – Lew Kopelew (Lev Kopelev), was born (d. 1997). Author .
  • 1912 – Nascimento de Mazzaropi (Amácio Mazzaropi), inesquecível artista cômico brasileiro, em São Paulo-SP.
  • 1913 – The Brooklyn DodgersEbbets Field opens.
  • 1916 – World War I: Battle of VerdunGerman forces launch their third offensive of the battle.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Arras – The battle begins with Canadian forces executing a massive assault on the Vimy Ridge.
  • 1918 – Latvia proclaims independence .
  • 1918 – Batalha de La Lys.
  • 1919 – J. Presper Eckert, was born. Inventor of the ENIAC computer
  • 1919 – Nascimento de Sérgio Bernardes, arquitecto brasileiro.
  • 1920 – Moritz Benedikt Cantor, dies (b. 23 Aug 1829). German historian of mathematics. He is best remembered for the four-volume Vorlesungen über Geschichte der Mathematik a history of mathematics up to 1799.
  • 1921 – Juho Vennolah assume (pela 2º vez) o cargo de primeiro-ministro da Finlândia .
  • 1925 – Heinz Nixdorf, was born (d. 1985). Industrialist.
  • 1926 – Hugh Hefner, was born. Editor, publisher .
  • 1926 – Sujeto a que FIFA acepta la afiliación de Chile, el Congreso de CONMEBOL, reunido en Uruguay, le concede a este país la organización del Campeonato Sudamericano de 1926
  • 1927 – Sacco and Vanzetti are sentenced to death for the murders in South Braintree, Massachusetts, on 15 April 1920, of F.A. Parmenter, paymaster of a shoe factory, and Alessandro Berardelli, the guard accompanying him, in order to secure the payroll that they were carrying.
  • 1928 – Tom Lehrer, was born. Musician and satirist .
  • 1932 – Carl Perkins, was born (d. 1998). Country and rockabilly musician.
  • 1933 – Nace en Milán, el actor italiano Gian María Volonté.
  • 1933 – Jean-Paul Belmondo, was born. Actor (Casino Royale, The Brain, Is Paris Burning?, Swashbuckler, Le Magnifique, Love and the Frenchwoman) .
  • 1935 – Avery Schreiber, was born (d.2002). Actor.
  • 1936 – Addis Ababa falls to the invading Italians, who, four days later, annex Ethiopia to Italian East Africa.
  • 1936 – Morre Ferdinand Toennies, (n. 1855). Sociólogo alemão.
  • 1938 – Nascimento de Viktor Stepanovich Chernomyrdin . Político russo.
  • 1939 – Marian Anderson sings at the Lincoln Memorial, after having been refused the right to sing at the Daughters of the American Revolution‘s Constitution Hall.
  • 1940 – World War II: Germany invades Denmark and Norway.
  • 1940 – Mrs. Patrick Campbell, dies (b. 1865). Actress.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Bataan/Bataan Death MarchUnited States forces surrender on the Bataan Peninsula.
  • 1942 – Adriano Correia de Oliveira was born. Portuguese songer and composer.
  • 1943 – Muere en Buenos Aires Frank Brown, “el clown chocolatín”.
  • 1943 – Se funda el club Veracruz, de México.
  • 1944 – Pius XII issued the encyclical Orientalis ecclesiae decus, which seeks to foster closer relations between Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Uniat churches.
  • 1944 – Evgeniya Rudneva, Soviet World War II heroine, dies killed by Nazis
  • 1945 – Wilhelm Canaris, dies (b. 1887). Chief of the Abwehr .
  • 1945 – Dietrich Bonhoeffer, theologian and martyr, dies hanged at Flossenburg concentration camp (b. 1906) .
  • 1945 – Peter Gammons, was born. Baseball sportswriter, journalist.
  • 1947 – The Glazier-Higgins-Woodward Tornadoes kill 181 and injure 970 in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.
  • 1947 – The Journey of Reconciliation, the first interracial Freedom Ride of 16 black and white men traveling through the upper South in violation of Jim Crow laws begins. The riders, sponsored by CORE and the Fellowship of Reconciliation, are seeking to force southern states to enforce the Supreme Court‘s 1946 Irene Morgan decision that banned segregation in interstate travel.
  • 1947 – Atomic Energy Commission formed
  • 1948 – Jorge Eliécer Gaitán‘s assassination provokes a violent riot in Bogotá (the Bogotazo), and a further ten years of violence in all of Colombia (La violencia).
  • 1948 – Massacre at Deir Yassin.
  • 1948 – Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, dies (b. 1903). Colombian politician.
  • 1951 – Vilhelm Frimann Koren Bjerknes, dies (b. 14 Mar 1862). Norwegian mathematician and physicist.
  • 1953 – Stanislaw Wojciechowski, dies (b. 15 March 1869). One of the leaders in the struggle for Polish independence from Russia in the years before World War I. He later served as the second president of the Polish Republic (1922–1926).
  • 1953 – Hans Reichenbach, dies (b. 26 Sep 1891). German US mathematician. Author of Elements of Symbolic Logic (1947), and The Rise of Scientific Philosophy (1951).
  • 1953 – Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax
  • 1953 – Se suicida Juan Duarte, hermano de Eva, y secretario privado del presidente Perón .
  • 1954 – Gena Rowlands/ John Cassevetes wed .
  • 1954 – Dennis Quaid, was born. Actor (The Right Stuff, Any Given Sunday, Traffic) .
  • 1954 – Iain Duncan Smith, was born. United Kingdom MP .
  • 1957 – Seve Ballesteros, was born. Spanish golfer.
  • 1957 – The Suez Canal, Egypt, is cleared and opens to shipping .
  • 1959 – Mercury program: NASA announces the selection of the United States‘ first seven astronauts which the news media quickly dub the “Mercury Seven”.
  • 1959 – Frank Lloyd Wright, dies (b. 1867). Architect.
  • 1961 – Fundación del Club Universidad Católica de Quito, Ecuador.
  • 1962 – 34th Annual Academy Awards held at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in Los Angeles and hosted by comedian Bob Hope. The Broadway musical “West Side Story”, was awarded the Oscar for Best Picture (Robert Wise, producer); Best Director (Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins); Best Supporting Actor and Actress (George Chakiris, Rita Moreno); Best Cinematography/Color (Daniel L. Fapp); Best Art Direction/Set Decoration/Color (Boris Leven, Victor A. Gangelin); Best Costume Design/Color (Irene Sharaff); Best Sound (Fred Hynes-Todd-AO SSD & Gordon Sawyer-Samuel Goldwyn SSD); Best Film Editing (Thomas Stanford); Best Music/Scoring of a Musical Picture (Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin, Irwin Kostal). The Best Actor award went to Maximilian Schell for his role in “Judgment at Nuremberg” , and for the first time in Oscar history, the Best Actress award went to an actress in a foreign film, Sophia Loren for the lead in “La Ciociara” (or “Two Women”). “The Hustler”, “Splendor in the Grass” and “The Guns of Navarone” won a total of four Oscars. Now, back to musicals — the Best Music/Song was “Moon River” (Henry Mancini-music, Johnny Mercer-lyrics) from “Breakfast at Tiffany’s”.
  • 1963 – Eddie Edwards, dies (b. 1891). Jazz musician.
  • 1963 – Muere Xul Solar, pintor argentino autodidacta.
  • 1964 – Rodrigo Mendonça, nasce no Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Actor :“Chiquinha Gonzaga” (1999) (mini) TV Series …. José ; “Dona Flor e Seus Dois Maridos” (1998) (mini) TV Series …. Moraes ; “Memorial de Maria Moura” (1994) (mini) TV Series ;“Dono do Mundo, O” (1991) TV Series ;
  • 1965 – Jeff Zucker, was born. American television executive.
  • 1965 – En Buenos Aires, Argentina, se juega el partido de ida de la final de la Copa Libertadores entre Independiente y Peñarol, ganando Independiente por 1 gol a 0.
  • 1965 – Paulina Porizkova was born in Prostejov, Czechoslovakia. [now Czech Republic]. Emigrated to Sweden early in her life. Chosen by People magazine as one of the 50 Most Beautiful People in the world. [1990]. Is a U.S. citizen. Measurements: 35B-23 1/2-35 1/2 (Elite modeling card- 1987), (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine). Was the object of adulation for Octavia St. Laurent, a black transsexual, in the cult documentary Paris Is Burning (1990), thus making her a cult within a cult. In insider circles it is considered her biggest claim to fame. One of the world’s top fashion models of the 1980s.
  • 1966 – Sofia Loren /Carlo Ponti wed .
  • 1967 – The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) takes its maiden flight.
  • 1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr. is buried In his hometown of Atlanta, Georgia, slain American civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., was laid to rest during a ceremony attended by one hundred thousand persons. On 04 April 1968, the most important leader of the US Blacks’ civil rights movement was shot and killed by a sniper while standing on the balcony outside his second-story room at the Motel Lorraine .
  • 1969 – The “Chicago Eight” plead not guilty on federal charges of conspiracy to incite a riot at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1971 – Jacques Villeneuve was born in St.-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Québec, Canada. Was Formula One driver for BAR from 1999-2003, scoring no championship points whatsoever in 1999. 1997 Formula 1 World Drivers Champion. His father’s name Gilles Villeneuve. 1995 CART World Champion. 1995 Indianapolis 500 Winner. Made a comeback to F1 in 2004 season with Renault. He drove for Renault in China, Japan and Brazil. He made a deal with Sauber team and moved to Sauber from Renault after 2004.
  • 1972 – Emir Delalic Zeko,was born. Bosnian designer .
  • 1972 – James F. Byrnes, dies (b. 02 May 1879). US politician, US representative (1911-1925) and senator (1931-1941) from South Carolina, Supreme Court justice, Director of Economic Stabilization, Director of the Office of War Mobilization, Secretary of State (1945-1947), Governor of South Carolina (1951-1955).
  • 1974 – Jenna Jameson, [Jenna Marie Massoli] was born in Las Vegas. Porn Star.
  • 1975 – Robbie Fowler, was born. English football (soccer) striker .
  • 1976 – Phil Ochs, dies (b. 1940). Singer.
  • 1977 – Donald Trump /Ivana Trump wed .
  • 1978 – Jorge Andrade, Portuguese football (soccer) player.
  • 1978 – Vesna Pisarovic was born in Brcko, Bosnia-Herzegovina. The Eurovision Song Contest (2002) (TV) …. Croatian entry (11th place).
  • 1978 – Rachel Stevens, was born in London, England, UK.. Singer. Rachel started drama school at the age of 5. At 15 she was picked from 5000 people to win a modelling competition organised by Just 17 magazine. She did some modelling work and she then went to the London School of Fashion to study the fashion business. She got a diploma and then moved into fashion PR. Then at age 21 she joined the pop group S Club 7.
  • 1979 – 51st Annual Academy Awards ceremony at Los Angeles’ Dorothy Chandler Pavilion (L.A. Music Center) hosted by Johny Carsson. The Best Picture, “The Deer Hunter” (Barry Spikings, Michael Deeley, Michael Cimino, John Peverall, producers), also won for Best Director (Michael Cimino); Best Supporting Actor (Christopher Walken); Best Film Editing (Peter Zinner); and Best Sound (Richard Portman, William McCaughey, Aaron Rochin, C. Darin Knight). The Best Actor and Actress awards for performances in “Coming Home” were awarded to Jon Voight and Jane Fonda, respectively. This 1978 film also won a golden statuette for Best Writing/Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen (Nancy Dowd, Waldo Salt, Robert C. Jones). The intense “Midnight Express” won for Best Music/Original Score (Giorgio Moroder)and Best Writing/Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium (Oliver Stone). The Oscar for Best Actress in a Supporting Role went to Maggie Smith in “California Suite”, the Best Music/Song Oscar, for “Last Dance” from “Thank God It’s Friday”, went to Paul Jabara.
  • 1979 – Keshia Knight Pulliam, was born. Actress (Rudy Huxtable, The Cosby Show) .
  • 1980 – Israeli troops move into Lebanon.
  • 1980 – La Soyuz 35 lleva 2 cosmonautas hasta la estación Salyut 6.
  • 1981 – Eric Harris, was born in Wichita, Kansas, USA. (d. 20 Apr 1999). Killed twelve students and one teacher with Dylan Klebold at Columbine High School. He commited suicide by gun shot wound to the head. His nickname ‘Reb’ was based on a character in his favourite computer game Doom 64 .
  • 1983 – Apple Computer hires Pepsi’s John Sculley.
  • 1984 – Johnny Carson was the host at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles for the 56th Annual Academy Awards. “Terms of Endearment” (James L. Brooks, producer) was voted Best Picture of 1983. “Terms” also won for Best Director (James L. Brooks, again … and, again for Best Writing/Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium);and Best Supporting Actor (Jack Nicholson); and for Best Actress (Shirley MacLaine). MacLaine had been nominated five times over 26 years before winning the statuette. Robert Duvall won the Best Actor Award (“Tender Mercies”) and the Best Supporting Actress title was bestowed on Linda Hunt for “The Year of Living Dangerously”. A foreign film, “Fanny & Alexander”, won three Academy Awards: Best Costume Design (Marik Vos-Lundh), Best Art Direction/Set Decoration (Anna Asp, Susanne Lingheim), & Best Cinematography (Sven Nykvist). Another film that endeared itself to audiences in 1983 was “The Right Stuff”, honored for Best Music/Original Score (Bill Conti); Best Effects/Sound Effects Editing (Jay Boekelheide); Best Film Editing (Glenn Farr, Lisa Fruchtman, Stephen A. Rotter, Douglas Stewart, Tom Rolf); and Best Sound (Mark Berger, Thomas Scott, Randy Thom, David MacMillan). The Best Music/Song: “Flashdance…What a Feeling” (Giorgio Moroder-music, Keith Forsey and Irene Cara-lyrics) from the movie, “Flashdance”.
  • 1986 – The government of France rules against the privatization of French automaker Renault.
  • 1986 – Primeiro CD musical lançado no Brasil: Garota de Ipanema, de Nara Leão e Roberto Menescal
  • 1987 – Dikye Baggett becomes the first person to undergo corrective surgery for Parkinson’s disease.
  • 1988 – US imposes economic sanctions on Panama.
  • 1991 – Georgia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1991 – The Pulitzer Prize for fiction is awarded to John Updike for “Rabbit at Rest”; the drama prize goes to Neil Simon for Lost in Yonkers. In journalism, The Des Moines Register receives the gold medal for public service for its series about rape victim Nancy Ziegenmeyer, who’d allowed her name and pictures to be used.
  • 1991 – Martin Hannett, dies (b. 1948). Record producer.
  • 1992 – Manuel Noriega is convicted of eight crimes is convicted in Miami on 8 of 10 charges of racketeering, money laundering and drug trafficking.
  • 1992 – John Major wins the UK general election.
  • 1992 – Sali Berisha assume a presidência da Albânia .
  • 1994 – The Saudi government revokes Osama bin Laden’s citizenship and moves to freeze his assets in Saudi Arabia because of his support for Muslim fundamentalist movements.
  • 1995 – Independiente de Avellaneda, Argentina gana la Recopa Sudamericana al derrotar a sus compatriotas de Vélez Sarsfield por 1 gol a 0. El partido se juega en Kobe, Japón.
  • 1995 – Alberto Fujimori es reelegido presidente de Perú.
  • 1996 – Carlos Daniel dies. Portuguese actor.
  • 1997 – Inventor of the computer mouse wins inventor’s award. Douglas Engelbart wins the $500’000 Lemelson-MIT Prize, a prestigious award for inventors, for inventing the computer mouse.
  • 1998 – The National Prisoner of War Museum is dedicated in Andersonville, Georgia, on the site of an American Civil War POW camp.
  • 1998 – Arabia Saudita: en la Meca 118 personas mueren aplastadas por una multitud, en el último día de la peregrinación ritual musulmana.
  • 1999 – Ismail Omar Guelleh is elected president of Djibouti.
  • 1999 – Nigerian President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara is assassinated.
  • 2000 – Eduard Shevardnadze is re-elected president of the republic of Georgia in the Caucasus.
  • 2000 – Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori falls just short of the majority needed to avoid a runoff for an unprecedented third term.
  • 2000 – Five beatifications : 1) Mariam Theresia Chiramel Mankidiyan (1876-1926), born in the state of Kerala in 1876. She was a mystic famous for her visions and religious ecstasies, who underwent numerous exorcisms. She spent her life tending to the poorest of the poor. She founded the Congregation of the Holy Family. 2) Mary Elisabeth Hesselblad (1870-1957), born in Sweden, emigrated to the United States when she was 18 and worked as a nurse at Roosevelt Hospital in New York from 1888 to 1904. A Lutheran, she converted to Catholicism in 1902 and two years later became a nun. She returned to Sweden in 1923 and established the Order of St. Bridget. During World War II, she gave refuge to many Jews and others persecuted by the Nazis. 3) Francis Xavier Seelos (1819-1867), born in Bavaria, emigrated to the United States, was ordained a priest in Baltimore in 1844. He began his career ministering to German immigrants in Pittsburgh. Seelos was known for his humility — he once refused appointment as a bishop. During the US Civil War, Seelos went to Washington to lobby to keep his seminary students from being sent to the front. 4) Mariano de Jesús Euse-Hoyos (1845-1926), a Colombian priest ordained in Medellin in 1869. He spent his life ministering to peasants in Colombia. 5) Anna Rosa Gattorno (1831-1900), born in Genoa she became a nun after she was widowed at age 27. She founded the missionary Institute of the Daughters of St. Anne in 1866.
  • 2002 – The funeral of HM Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother of the United Kingdom is held at Westminster Abbey.
  • 2002 – Patrick Holey, suicide by swallowing painkillers, together with his wife Jennifer Holey, 19 and pregnant, who survives. The two had been accused of an 01 April sex crime at their home against a 14-year-old girl. On 25 April 2002, Jennifer Holey is charged with first-degree criminal sexual conduct for aiding her husband in the assault. Patrick Holey’s mother, Kathleen Holey, faces two charges of assisted suicide.
  • 2002 – Leopold Vietoris, dies (b. 1891). Austrian mathematician.
  • 2003 – 2003 invasion of Iraq: The Ba’ath regime headed by Saddam Hussein in Iraq is deposed.
  • 2003 – The threat of SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) has altered religious practices in Singapore. Reuters reports that Muslims who have SARS symptoms have been excused from Friday prayers by the local Islamic council; and that Catholic Archbishop Nicholas Chia has ordered general absolution to replace individual confessions, and the option of receiving the Eucharist on the tongue to be suspended, it is to be given only in the hand.
  • 2003 – Muere Jorge Oteiza, escultor español.
  • 2003 -Morte do arquitecto mexicano (nascido na Polônia) Abraham Zabludovsky .
  • 2004 – Morre Lélia Abramo (n. 1911). Actriz brasileira.
  • 2004 -Silvio Berlusconi (primeiro-ministro da Itália) faz visita surpresa ao Iraque .
  • Bahá’í Faith – Feast of Jalál (Glory) – First day of the second month of the Bahá’í Calendar .
 

On this day in History – Apr 09

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 5:20 pm
  • 0193 – Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).
  • 0491- Zeno dirs. Byzantine emperor.
  • 0715 – Pope Constantine dies.
  • 0999 – Sylvester II (Gerbert of Aurillac) consecrated as first French Pope
  • 1024 – Pope Benedict VIII dies.
  • 1137 – William X, Duke of Aquitaine dies (b. 1099) .
  • 1241 – Battle of Liegnitz: Mongol forces defeats the Polish and German armies.
  • 1348 – William of Ockham, dies at 68, mathematical logician and philosopher excommunicated in 1328. Known for “Ockham’s Razor”: “Frustra fit per plura, quod fieri potest per pauciora.” or “Essentia non sunt multiplicanda praeter necessitatem.” Author of Opus nonaginta dierum — Compendium errorum Joannis Papæ XXII — Quæstiones octo de auctoritate summi pontificis.
  • 1388 – Battle of Noefels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army.
  • 1483 – Rei Eduardo IV de Inglaterra morre.
  • 1500 -A esquadra de Pedro Álvares Cabral cruza o Equador .
  • 1553 – François Rabelais, dies (b. c. 1493). Writer.
  • 1555 – Início do pontificado do Papa Marcelo II.
  • 1557 – Mikael Agricola, dies (b. 1510). De facto founder of written Finnish
  • 1588 – Paolo Caliari “Veronese”, dies (b. 1528). Venetian Mannerist painter.
  • 1626 – Sir Francis Bacon, dies (b. 1561). Philosopher, statesman, essayist.
  • 1652 – Jean Le Fèvre, was born (d. 1706).French mathematician and astronomer who died in 1706.
  • 1656 – Francesco Trevisani, was born (d. 30 Jul 1746). Cavaliere romano, Italian Rococo painter.
  • 1667 – First ever public art exhibition opens in Paris .
  • 1682 – Robert de LaSalle discovers the mouth of the Mississippi River, claims it for France and names it Louisiana.
  • 1747 – Pela última vez, foi decapitado um condenado, em Inglaterra.
  • 1759 – Nascimento de D. Carlos da Cunha e Menezes (Cardeal Português) .
  • 1770 – Capt James Cook discovers Botany Bay (Australia).
  • 1770 – Nascimento de T. J. Seebeck, físico que em 1821 descobriu o efeito termoeléctrico.
  • 1773 – Étienne Aignan, was born. Translator, political writer, librettist, playwright.
  • 1791 – Georges Peacock, was born (d. 08 Nov 1858). English mathematician. In 1830 he published Treatise on Algebra which attempted to give algebra a logical treatment comparable to Euclid’s Elements .
  • 1794 – Theobald Boehm, was born. Inventor of the modern flute.
  • 1804 – Jacques Necker, dies (b. 1732). French statesman, finance minister of Louis XVI .
  • 1806 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel, was born (d. 1859). Engineer.
  • 1807 – John Opie, dies (b. May 1761). English portrait and historical painter .
  • 1813 – Jan Michiel Ruyten, was born (d. 12 Nov 1881). Belgian artist.
  • 1816 – Charles Eugène Delaunay, was born (d.05 Aug 1872). French mathematician and astronomer.
  • 1813 – Robert Richard Anstice, was born (d. 17 Dec 1853). English mathematician.
  • 1821 – Charles Baudelaire, was born (d. 1867).Lyricist, symbolist poet.
  • 1824 – John George Naish, was born (d. 1905). British artist.
  • 1829 – Joseph-François Ducq, dies (b. 10 Sep 1762). French artist.
  • 1830 – Eadweard Muybridge, was born (d. 1904). Photographer, motion picture pioneer.
  • 1835 – King Leopold II of Belgium [Léopold-Louis-Philippe-Marie-Victor], was born. King of the Belgians from the death of his father Léopold I (16 Dec 1790 – 10 Dec 1865) to his own death on 17 Dec 1909.
  • 1835 – Willem Karel Nakken, was born (d. 04 Jan 1926). Dutch British artist.
  • 1836 – Casamento (2º) de Dona Maria II com o duque Fernando Augusto .
  • 1837 – Domenico Quaglio, dies (b. 01 Jan 1787). German painter, draftsman, and printmaker.
  • 1838 – Inauguração em Londres da National Gallery.
  • 1839 – Jean-Georges Hirn, dies (b. 15 Dec 1777). French artist.
  • 1848 – Helene Lange, was born (d. 1930). Teacher .
  • 1852 – Antoine Joseph Michel Romagnesi, dies (b. 1782). French artist.
  • 1858 – Joseph Karl Stieler, dies (b. 01 Nov 1758). German painter.
  • 1864 – Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana (Red River Expedition) .
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia (26,765 troops) to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, effectively ending the war.
  • 1865 – Nace Charles Proteus Steinmetz, ingeniero electrotécnico e inventor de origen alemán y nacionalizado estadounidense, conocido por su investigación sobre la corriente alterna.
  • 1865 – Abade de Baçal was born. Portuguese historian and archeologist.
  • 1867 – Chris Watson, was born (d. 1941). Third Prime Minister of Australia .
  • 1867 – Alaska purchase: By a single vote, the United States Senate ratifies a treaty with Russia for the purchase of Alaska.
  • 1869 – Élie Joseph Cartan, was born (d. 06 May 1951). French mathematician. He worked on continuous groups, Lie algebras, differential equations and geometry .
  • 1879 – WC Fields, was born. American actor.
  • 1882 – Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti, dies (b. 12 May 1828). English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter.
  • 1886 -Nascimento de Maria Eugênia Celso Carneiro de Mendonça. Escritora brasileira.
  • 1889 – Michel Eugène Chevreul, dies (b. 1786). French chemist.
  • 1891 – Nace en Tucumán el aviador Benjamín Matienzo.
  • 1895 – Gunnar-Fredrik Berndtson, dies (b. 24 Oct 1854). Swedish-Finnish French painter and illustrator.
  • 1897 – John B. Gambling, was born (d. 1974). Radio talk-show host.
  • 1898 – Paul Robeson, was born (d. 1976). Singer, political activist.
  • 1903 – Ward (Wardell) Bond, was born (d. 05 Nov 1960). Actor ( Wagon Train, Gone with the Wind, Drums Along the Mohawk, It’s a Wonderful Life, The Maltese Falcon, Mister Roberts, Rio Bravo, Tall in the Saddle, The Time of Your Life).
  • 1904 – Sharkey Bonano, was born (d. 1972). Jazz musician.
  • 1904 – Queen Isabella II, dies at 73, Queen of Spain (1833-68) .
  • 1905 – J. William Fulbright, was born (d. 1995). Former Senator from Arkansas .
  • 1905 -King Faisal I was born in Saudi Arabia (d. 25 March 1975 assassination). King of Saudi Arabia 1964-1975 .
  • 1906 – Antal Dorati, was born (d. 1988). Hungarian conductor.
  • 1906 – Rafaela Aparício was born in Marbella, Málaga, Spain. Actress .
  • 1908 – Victor Vasarely, painter (d. 1997). Hungarian French School of Paris abstract painter and screenprintmaker, specialized in Optical Art .
  • 1909 – The U.S. Congress passes the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act.
  • 1911 – Em Portugal, foi criado o Primeiro Corpo de Escuteiros .
  • 1912 – Lew Kopelew (Lev Kopelev), was born (d. 1997). Author .
  • 1912 – Nascimento de Mazzaropi (Amácio Mazzaropi), inesquecível artista cômico brasileiro, em São Paulo-SP.
  • 1913 – The Brooklyn DodgersEbbets Field opens.
  • 1916 – World War I: Battle of VerdunGerman forces launch their third offensive of the battle.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Arras – The battle begins with Canadian forces executing a massive assault on the Vimy Ridge.
  • 1918 – Latvia proclaims independence .
  • 1918 – Batalha de La Lys.
  • 1919 – J. Presper Eckert, was born. Inventor of the ENIAC computer
  • 1919 – Nascimento de Sérgio Bernardes, arquitecto brasileiro.
  • 1920 – Moritz Benedikt Cantor, dies (b. 23 Aug 1829). German historian of mathematics. He is best remembered for the four-volume Vorlesungen über Geschichte der Mathematik a history of mathematics up to 1799.
  • 1921 – Juho Vennolah assume (pela 2º vez) o cargo de primeiro-ministro da Finlândia .
  • 1925 – Heinz Nixdorf, was born (d. 1985). Industrialist.
  • 1926 – Hugh Hefner, was born. Editor, publisher .
  • 1926 – Sujeto a que FIFA acepta la afiliación de Chile, el Congreso de CONMEBOL, reunido en Uruguay, le concede a este país la organización del Campeonato Sudamericano de 1926
  • 1927 – Sacco and Vanzetti are sentenced to death for the murders in South Braintree, Massachusetts, on 15 April 1920, of F.A. Parmenter, paymaster of a shoe factory, and Alessandro Berardelli, the guard accompanying him, in order to secure the payroll that they were carrying.
  • 1928 – Tom Lehrer, was born. Musician and satirist .
  • 1932 – Carl Perkins, was born (d. 1998). Country and rockabilly musician.
  • 1933 – Nace en Milán, el actor italiano Gian María Volonté.
  • 1933 – Jean-Paul Belmondo, was born. Actor (Casino Royale, The Brain, Is Paris Burning?, Swashbuckler, Le Magnifique, Love and the Frenchwoman) .
  • 1935 – Avery Schreiber, was born (d.2002). Actor.
  • 1936 – Addis Ababa falls to the invading Italians, who, four days later, annex Ethiopia to Italian East Africa.
  • 1936 – Morre Ferdinand Toennies, (n. 1855). Sociólogo alemão.
  • 1938 – Nascimento de Viktor Stepanovich Chernomyrdin . Político russo.
  • 1939 – Marian Anderson sings at the Lincoln Memorial, after having been refused the right to sing at the Daughters of the American Revolution‘s Constitution Hall.
  • 1940 – World War II: Germany invades Denmark and Norway.
  • 1940 – Mrs. Patrick Campbell, dies (b. 1865). Actress.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Bataan/Bataan Death MarchUnited States forces surrender on the Bataan Peninsula.
  • 1942 – Adriano Correia de Oliveira was born. Portuguese songer and composer.
  • 1943 – Muere en Buenos Aires Frank Brown, “el clown chocolatín”.
  • 1943 – Se funda el club Veracruz, de México.
  • 1944 – Pius XII issued the encyclical Orientalis ecclesiae decus, which seeks to foster closer relations between Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Uniat churches.
  • 1944 – Evgeniya Rudneva, Soviet World War II heroine, dies killed by Nazis
  • 1945 – Wilhelm Canaris, dies (b. 1887). Chief of the Abwehr .
  • 1945 – Dietrich Bonhoeffer, theologian and martyr, dies hanged at Flossenburg concentration camp (b. 1906) .
  • 1945 – Peter Gammons, was born. Baseball sportswriter, journalist.
  • 1947 – The Glazier-Higgins-Woodward Tornadoes kill 181 and injure 970 in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.
  • 1947 – The Journey of Reconciliation, the first interracial Freedom Ride of 16 black and white men traveling through the upper South in violation of Jim Crow laws begins. The riders, sponsored by CORE and the Fellowship of Reconciliation, are seeking to force southern states to enforce the Supreme Court‘s 1946 Irene Morgan decision that banned segregation in interstate travel.
  • 1947 – Atomic Energy Commission formed
  • 1948 – Jorge Eliécer Gaitán‘s assassination provokes a violent riot in Bogotá (the Bogotazo), and a further ten years of violence in all of Colombia (La violencia).
  • 1948 – Massacre at Deir Yassin.
  • 1948 – Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, dies (b. 1903). Colombian politician.
  • 1951 – Vilhelm Frimann Koren Bjerknes, dies (b. 14 Mar 1862). Norwegian mathematician and physicist.
  • 1953 – Stanislaw Wojciechowski, dies (b. 15 March 1869). One of the leaders in the struggle for Polish independence from Russia in the years before World War I. He later served as the second president of the Polish Republic (1922–1926).
  • 1953 – Hans Reichenbach, dies (b. 26 Sep 1891). German US mathematician. Author of Elements of Symbolic Logic (1947), and The Rise of Scientific Philosophy (1951).
  • 1953 – Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax
  • 1953 – Se suicida Juan Duarte, hermano de Eva, y secretario privado del presidente Perón .
  • 1954 – Gena Rowlands/ John Cassevetes wed .
  • 1954 – Dennis Quaid, was born. Actor (The Right Stuff, Any Given Sunday, Traffic) .
  • 1954 – Iain Duncan Smith, was born. United Kingdom MP .
  • 1957 – Seve Ballesteros, was born. Spanish golfer.
  • 1957 – The Suez Canal, Egypt, is cleared and opens to shipping .
  • 1959 – Mercury program: NASA announces the selection of the United States‘ first seven astronauts which the news media quickly dub the “Mercury Seven”.
  • 1959 – Frank Lloyd Wright, dies (b. 1867). Architect.
  • 1961 – Fundación del Club Universidad Católica de Quito, Ecuador.
  • 1962 – 34th Annual Academy Awards held at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in Los Angeles and hosted by comedian Bob Hope. The Broadway musical “West Side Story”, was awarded the Oscar for Best Picture (Robert Wise, producer); Best Director (Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins); Best Supporting Actor and Actress (George Chakiris, Rita Moreno); Best Cinematography/Color (Daniel L. Fapp); Best Art Direction/Set Decoration/Color (Boris Leven, Victor A. Gangelin); Best Costume Design/Color (Irene Sharaff); Best Sound (Fred Hynes-Todd-AO SSD & Gordon Sawyer-Samuel Goldwyn SSD); Best Film Editing (Thomas Stanford); Best Music/Scoring of a Musical Picture (Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin, Irwin Kostal). The Best Actor award went to Maximilian Schell for his role in “Judgment at Nuremberg” , and for the first time in Oscar history, the Best Actress award went to an actress in a foreign film, Sophia Loren for the lead in “La Ciociara” (or “Two Women”). “The Hustler”, “Splendor in the Grass” and “The Guns of Navarone” won a total of four Oscars. Now, back to musicals — the Best Music/Song was “Moon River” (Henry Mancini-music, Johnny Mercer-lyrics) from “Breakfast at Tiffany’s”.
  • 1963 – Eddie Edwards, dies (b. 1891). Jazz musician.
  • 1963 – Muere Xul Solar, pintor argentino autodidacta.
  • 1964 – Rodrigo Mendonça, nasce no Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Actor :“Chiquinha Gonzaga” (1999) (mini) TV Series …. José ; “Dona Flor e Seus Dois Maridos” (1998) (mini) TV Series …. Moraes ; “Memorial de Maria Moura” (1994) (mini) TV Series ;“Dono do Mundo, O” (1991) TV Series ;
  • 1965 – Jeff Zucker, was born. American television executive.
  • 1965 – En Buenos Aires, Argentina, se juega el partido de ida de la final de la Copa Libertadores entre Independiente y Peñarol, ganando Independiente por 1 gol a 0.
  • 1965 – Paulina Porizkova was born in Prostejov, Czechoslovakia. [now Czech Republic]. Emigrated to Sweden early in her life. Chosen by People magazine as one of the 50 Most Beautiful People in the world. [1990]. Is a U.S. citizen. Measurements: 35B-23 1/2-35 1/2 (Elite modeling card- 1987), (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine). Was the object of adulation for Octavia St. Laurent, a black transsexual, in the cult documentary Paris Is Burning (1990), thus making her a cult within a cult. In insider circles it is considered her biggest claim to fame. One of the world’s top fashion models of the 1980s.
  • 1966 – Sofia Loren /Carlo Ponti wed .
  • 1967 – The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) takes its maiden flight.
  • 1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr. is buried In his hometown of Atlanta, Georgia, slain American civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., was laid to rest during a ceremony attended by one hundred thousand persons. On 04 April 1968, the most important leader of the US Blacks’ civil rights movement was shot and killed by a sniper while standing on the balcony outside his second-story room at the Motel Lorraine .
  • 1969 – The “Chicago Eight” plead not guilty on federal charges of conspiracy to incite a riot at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1971 – Jacques Villeneuve was born in St.-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Québec, Canada. Was Formula One driver for BAR from 1999-2003, scoring no championship points whatsoever in 1999. 1997 Formula 1 World Drivers Champion. His father’s name Gilles Villeneuve. 1995 CART World Champion. 1995 Indianapolis 500 Winner. Made a comeback to F1 in 2004 season with Renault. He drove for Renault in China, Japan and Brazil. He made a deal with Sauber team and moved to Sauber from Renault after 2004.
  • 1972 – Emir Delalic Zeko,was born. Bosnian designer .
  • 1972 – James F. Byrnes, dies (b. 02 May 1879). US politician, US representative (1911-1925) and senator (1931-1941) from South Carolina, Supreme Court justice, Director of Economic Stabilization, Director of the Office of War Mobilization, Secretary of State (1945-1947), Governor of South Carolina (1951-1955).
  • 1974 – Jenna Jameson, [Jenna Marie Massoli] was born in Las Vegas. Porn Star.
  • 1975 – Robbie Fowler, was born. English football (soccer) striker .
  • 1976 – Phil Ochs, dies (b. 1940). Singer.
  • 1977 – Donald Trump /Ivana Trump wed .
  • 1978 – Jorge Andrade, Portuguese football (soccer) player.
  • 1978 – Vesna Pisarovic was born in Brcko, Bosnia-Herzegovina. The Eurovision Song Contest (2002) (TV) …. Croatian entry (11th place).
  • 1978 – Rachel Stevens, was born in London, England, UK.. Singer. Rachel started drama school at the age of 5. At 15 she was picked from 5000 people to win a modelling competition organised by Just 17 magazine. She did some modelling work and she then went to the London School of Fashion to study the fashion business. She got a diploma and then moved into fashion PR. Then at age 21 she joined the pop group S Club 7.
  • 1979 – 51st Annual Academy Awards ceremony at Los Angeles’ Dorothy Chandler Pavilion (L.A. Music Center) hosted by Johny Carsson. The Best Picture, “The Deer Hunter” (Barry Spikings, Michael Deeley, Michael Cimino, John Peverall, producers), also won for Best Director (Michael Cimino); Best Supporting Actor (Christopher Walken); Best Film Editing (Peter Zinner); and Best Sound (Richard Portman, William McCaughey, Aaron Rochin, C. Darin Knight). The Best Actor and Actress awards for performances in “Coming Home” were awarded to Jon Voight and Jane Fonda, respectively. This 1978 film also won a golden statuette for Best Writing/Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen (Nancy Dowd, Waldo Salt, Robert C. Jones). The intense “Midnight Express” won for Best Music/Original Score (Giorgio Moroder)and Best Writing/Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium (Oliver Stone). The Oscar for Best Actress in a Supporting Role went to Maggie Smith in “California Suite”, the Best Music/Song Oscar, for “Last Dance” from “Thank God It’s Friday”, went to Paul Jabara.
  • 1979 – Keshia Knight Pulliam, was born. Actress (Rudy Huxtable, The Cosby Show) .
  • 1980 – Israeli troops move into Lebanon.
  • 1980 – La Soyuz 35 lleva 2 cosmonautas hasta la estación Salyut 6.
  • 1981 – Eric Harris, was born in Wichita, Kansas, USA. (d. 20 Apr 1999). Killed twelve students and one teacher with Dylan Klebold at Columbine High School. He commited suicide by gun shot wound to the head. His nickname ‘Reb’ was based on a character in his favourite computer game Doom 64 .
  • 1983 – Apple Computer hires Pepsi’s John Sculley.
  • 1984 – Johnny Carson was the host at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles for the 56th Annual Academy Awards. “Terms of Endearment” (James L. Brooks, producer) was voted Best Picture of 1983. “Terms” also won for Best Director (James L. Brooks, again … and, again for Best Writing/Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium);and Best Supporting Actor (Jack Nicholson); and for Best Actress (Shirley MacLaine). MacLaine had been nominated five times over 26 years before winning the statuette. Robert Duvall won the Best Actor Award (“Tender Mercies”) and the Best Supporting Actress title was bestowed on Linda Hunt for “The Year of Living Dangerously”. A foreign film, “Fanny & Alexander”, won three Academy Awards: Best Costume Design (Marik Vos-Lundh), Best Art Direction/Set Decoration (Anna Asp, Susanne Lingheim), & Best Cinematography (Sven Nykvist). Another film that endeared itself to audiences in 1983 was “The Right Stuff”, honored for Best Music/Original Score (Bill Conti); Best Effects/Sound Effects Editing (Jay Boekelheide); Best Film Editing (Glenn Farr, Lisa Fruchtman, Stephen A. Rotter, Douglas Stewart, Tom Rolf); and Best Sound (Mark Berger, Thomas Scott, Randy Thom, David MacMillan). The Best Music/Song: “Flashdance…What a Feeling” (Giorgio Moroder-music, Keith Forsey and Irene Cara-lyrics) from the movie, “Flashdance”.
  • 1986 – The government of France rules against the privatization of French automaker Renault.
  • 1986 – Primeiro CD musical lançado no Brasil: Garota de Ipanema, de Nara Leão e Roberto Menescal
  • 1987 – Dikye Baggett becomes the first person to undergo corrective surgery for Parkinson’s disease.
  • 1988 – US imposes economic sanctions on Panama.
  • 1991 – Georgia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1991 – The Pulitzer Prize for fiction is awarded to John Updike for “Rabbit at Rest”; the drama prize goes to Neil Simon for Lost in Yonkers. In journalism, The Des Moines Register receives the gold medal for public service for its series about rape victim Nancy Ziegenmeyer, who’d allowed her name and pictures to be used.
  • 1991 – Martin Hannett, dies (b. 1948). Record producer.
  • 1992 – Manuel Noriega is convicted of eight crimes is convicted in Miami on 8 of 10 charges of racketeering, money laundering and drug trafficking.
  • 1992 – John Major wins the UK general election.
  • 1992 – Sali Berisha assume a presidência da Albânia .
  • 1994 – The Saudi government revokes Osama bin Laden’s citizenship and moves to freeze his assets in Saudi Arabia because of his support for Muslim fundamentalist movements.
  • 1995 – Independiente de Avellaneda, Argentina gana la Recopa Sudamericana al derrotar a sus compatriotas de Vélez Sarsfield por 1 gol a 0. El partido se juega en Kobe, Japón.
  • 1995 – Alberto Fujimori es reelegido presidente de Perú.
  • 1996 – Carlos Daniel dies. Portuguese actor.
  • 1997 – Inventor of the computer mouse wins inventor’s award. Douglas Engelbart wins the $500’000 Lemelson-MIT Prize, a prestigious award for inventors, for inventing the computer mouse.
  • 1998 – The National Prisoner of War Museum is dedicated in Andersonville, Georgia, on the site of an American Civil War POW camp.
  • 1998 – Arabia Saudita: en la Meca 118 personas mueren aplastadas por una multitud, en el último día de la peregrinación ritual musulmana.
  • 1999 – Ismail Omar Guelleh is elected president of Djibouti.
  • 1999 – Nigerian President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara is assassinated.
  • 2000 – Eduard Shevardnadze is re-elected president of the republic of Georgia in the Caucasus.
  • 2000 – Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori falls just short of the majority needed to avoid a runoff for an unprecedented third term.
  • 2000 – Five beatifications : 1) Mariam Theresia Chiramel Mankidiyan (1876-1926), born in the state of Kerala in 1876. She was a mystic famous for her visions and religious ecstasies, who underwent numerous exorcisms. She spent her life tending to the poorest of the poor. She founded the Congregation of the Holy Family. 2) Mary Elisabeth Hesselblad (1870-1957), born in Sweden, emigrated to the United States when she was 18 and worked as a nurse at Roosevelt Hospital in New York from 1888 to 1904. A Lutheran, she converted to Catholicism in 1902 and two years later became a nun. She returned to Sweden in 1923 and established the Order of St. Bridget. During World War II, she gave refuge to many Jews and others persecuted by the Nazis. 3) Francis Xavier Seelos (1819-1867), born in Bavaria, emigrated to the United States, was ordained a priest in Baltimore in 1844. He began his career ministering to German immigrants in Pittsburgh. Seelos was known for his humility — he once refused appointment as a bishop. During the US Civil War, Seelos went to Washington to lobby to keep his seminary students from being sent to the front. 4) Mariano de Jesús Euse-Hoyos (1845-1926), a Colombian priest ordained in Medellin in 1869. He spent his life ministering to peasants in Colombia. 5) Anna Rosa Gattorno (1831-1900), born in Genoa she became a nun after she was widowed at age 27. She founded the missionary Institute of the Daughters of St. Anne in 1866.
  • 2002 – The funeral of HM Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother of the United Kingdom is held at Westminster Abbey.
  • 2002 – Patrick Holey, suicide by swallowing painkillers, together with his wife Jennifer Holey, 19 and pregnant, who survives. The two had been accused of an 01 April sex crime at their home against a 14-year-old girl. On 25 April 2002, Jennifer Holey is charged with first-degree criminal sexual conduct for aiding her husband in the assault. Patrick Holey’s mother, Kathleen Holey, faces two charges of assisted suicide.
  • 2002 – Leopold Vietoris, dies (b. 1891). Austrian mathematician.
  • 2003 – 2003 invasion of Iraq: The Ba’ath regime headed by Saddam Hussein in Iraq is deposed.
  • 2003 – The threat of SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) has altered religious practices in Singapore. Reuters reports that Muslims who have SARS symptoms have been excused from Friday prayers by the local Islamic council; and that Catholic Archbishop Nicholas Chia has ordered general absolution to replace individual confessions, and the option of receiving the Eucharist on the tongue to be suspended, it is to be given only in the hand.
  • 2003 – Muere Jorge Oteiza, escultor español.
  • 2003 -Morte do arquitecto mexicano (nascido na Polônia) Abraham Zabludovsky .
  • 2004 – Morre Lélia Abramo (n. 1911). Actriz brasileira.
  • 2004 -Silvio Berlusconi (primeiro-ministro da Itália) faz visita surpresa ao Iraque .
  • Bahá’í Faith – Feast of Jalál (Glory) – First day of the second month of the Bahá’í Calendar .