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Em memória de Agostinho da Silva Abril 3, 2006

Filed under: Agostinho da Silva — looking4good @ 9:52 pm
“Do que você precisa, acima de tudo, é de se não lembrar do que eu lhe disse; nunca pense por mim, pense sempre por você; fique certo de que mais valem todos os erros se forem cometidos segundo o que pensou e decidiu do que todos os acertos, se eles foram meus, não são seus. Se o criador o tivesse querido juntar muito a mim não teríamos talvez dois corpos distintos ou duas cabeças também distintas. Os meus conselhos devem servir para que você se lhes oponha. É possível que depois da oposição, venha a pensar o mesmo que eu; mas, nessa altura já o pensamento lhe pertence. São meus discípulos, se alguns tenho, os que estão contra mim; porque esses guardaram no fundo da alma a força que verdadeiramente me anima e que mais desejaria transmitir-lhes: a de se não conformarem”
(Agostinho da Silva, “Cartas a um jovem filósofo”)

George Agostinho Baptista da Silva nasceu no Porto em 13 de Fevereiro de 1906 e morreu em Lisboa no Hospital de S. Francisco de Xavier num domingo de Páscoa, a 3 de Abril de 1994.

 

On this day in History – Apr. 03

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 12:13 am
    0033 – Crucifixion of Jesus (traditional date)
    0963 – William III, Duke of Aquitaine dies (b. 915)
    1043 – Eduardo o Confessor é coroado rei de Inglaterra na Catedral de Winchester.
    1077 – Creation of the first Parliament of Friuli
    1189 – Conflict between Emperor Frederick Barbarossa of Germany and Pope Clement III were settled when the Peace of Strasbourg was signed.
    1245 – King Philip III of France was born (d. 1285).
    1287 – Pope Honorius IV [Giacomo Savelli] dies (b. c. 1210). Italian Pope (1285-87).
    1376 – Battle of Navarrete (Najera), English beat France.
    1493 – Los Reyes Católicos reciben en Barcelona a Cristóbal Colón, a su regreso del descubrimiento de América.
    1507 – Martin Luther was ordained as a priest in the Roman Catholic Church.
    1528 – German reformer Adolf Clarenbach was arrested in Cologne, Germany, for teaching Protestant (possibly Anabaptist or Waldensian) ideas. Clarenbach was burned at the stake the next year, becoming an early Protestant martyr.
    1559 – The treaty, Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis, is signed, ending the Italian Wars.
    1593 – George Herbert was born (d. 1633). English poet and orator.
    1682 – Bartolomé Esteban Murillo dies. Spanish painter.
    1693 – George Edwards was born (d. 1773). Naturalist.
    1721 – Robert Walpole became the first prime minister of Britain.
    1769 – Christian Gunther von Bernstorff was born (d. 1835). Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat.
    1776 – Harvard College conferred the first honorary Doctor of Laws degree to George Washington.
    1783 – Washington Irving was born (d. 1859). Author.
    1814 – Lorenzo Snow was born (d. 1901). 5th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints .
    1822 – Edward Everett Hale was bor (d. 1909). Writer
    1823 – William Marcy Tweed was born (d. 1878). Political boss.
    1829 – James Carrington patented the coffee mill.
    1842 – Nascia Hermann Karl Vogel (m. 13 Ago 1907). Astrónomo alemão que descobriu as estrelas binárias espectrocóspicas
    1860 – Founding of the Pony Express : The legendary Pony Express begins mail service between Saint Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California.
    1862 – James Clark Ross, dies. English explorer.
    1865 – American Civil War: Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the break-away
    onfederate States of America.
    1868 – Franz Berwald dies (b. 1796). Composer.
    1871 – Nacimiento de José Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
    1878 – Marie Isidore Henri Liénard de Saint-Délis was born (d. 15 Nov 1949). French painter.
    1879 – Tomás José da Anunciação, morre (n. 1818). Pintor português da época do romantismo
    1879 – Sofia, liberated from the Ottoman Empire by Russian troops, was named the capital of Bulgaria.
    1881 – Alcide De Gasperi, was born (d. 1954). Former Prime Minister of Italy
    1882 – Morreu no Rio de Janeiro, Augusto Emílio Zaluar (n. em Lisboa em 14 Fev 1825). Fundador (em
    parceria com Quintino Bocaiúva) do “Parayba”, periódico de Petropolis.
    1882 – Jesse James is shot in the back by Robert Ford, a member of his own gang, seeking to claim reward
    money (b. 1847). American bank and train robber
    1885 – Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for his engine design.
    1885 – Allan Dwan was born (d. 1981). Film director.
    1893 – Leslie Howard, was born (d. 1943) . Actor.
    1895 – The libel trial instigated by Oscar Wilde against the Marquess of Queensbury begins, eventually
    resulting in Wilde’s arrest, trial and imprisonment on charges of homosexuality.
    1897 – Johannes Brahms, dies (b. 1833). Composer.
    1898 – George Jessel, was born (d. 1981). Comedian.
    1896 – The first publication of La Gazzetta dello Sport newspaper in Italy.
    1901 – Richard D’Oyly Carte dies (b. 1844). Industrialist.
    1903 – Peter Huchel, was born (d. 1981) . Lyricist and author of radio plays.
    1905 – Boca Juniors – se funda el club más popular de Argentina.
    1907 – Iron Eyes Cody, was born (d. 1999). Actor.
    1910 – Inauguración de un túnel transandino que une Chile y Argentina.
    1913 – Per Borten was born (d. 2005). Former Premier of Norway
    1916 – Herb Caen was born (d. 1997). Newspaper columnist.
    1917 – Vladimir Lenin arrives at Petrograd Station in Russia from exile, marking the beginning of Bolshevik
    leadership in the Russian Revolution.
    1917 – Um submarino alemão afunda, na costa da França, o navio brasileiro Paraná durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial
    1920 – F. Scott Fitzgerald got married with Zelda Sayre
    1921 – Maria Clara Machado, nasce em Belo Horizonte (MG), autora, diretora e atriz de teatro.
    1922 – Joseph Stalin succeeds Lenin as leader of the Soviet Union.
    1924 – Marlon Brando was born (d. 2004). Award winning actor.
    1924 – Doris Day was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. American singer and actress.
    1925 – Tony Benn, was born. British politician
    1925 – Se constituye en la ciudad suiza de Ginebra la Unión Internacional de Radiodifusión.
    1925 – Great Britain goes back to gold standard 1925 Netherlands & Belgium sign accord of Westerschelde.
    1926 – 1st performance of Jean Sibelius’ 7th Symphony in C.
    1926 – Gus Grissom was born (d. 1967). Astronaut.
    1926 – Luís de Sttau Monteiro was born. Portuguese dramatist and writer.
    1929 – Miyoshi Umeki was born. Actress.
    1929 – Fazlur R. Khan was born. Bangladeshi American civil engineer whose many skyscraper projects included Chicago’s Sears Tower (1973; then the world’s tallest building
    1930 – Helmut Kohl was born. Chancellor of West Germany from 1982 to 1990 and, after presiding over the integration of East Germany into West Germany in 1990, chancellor of reunified Germany until 1998.
    1930 – Lawton Chiles was born. U.S. Senator from Florida (1977-1989) and Florida Governor ( 1991-1998
    1930 – Helmut Kohl was born. Politician, German Bundeskanzler from 1982 to 1998
    1930 – Ras Tafari becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) .
    1930 – 2nd Annual Academy Awards presentation, at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, for movies made during the 1928-1929 year. The Best Director was Frank Lloyd for The Divine Lady; Warner Baxter was voted Best Actor for his role in In Old Arizona, while Mary Pickford took home the Best Actress award for her part in Coquette. Hanns Kräly penned the script for The Patriot, winning the Best Writing award and the Best Picture of the year was The Broadway Melody produced by Harry Rapf.
    1932 – Wilhelm Ostwald, dies (b. 1853). Chemist.
    1932 – Anthony Perkins was born (d. 12 Sep 1992). Actor : Psycho series, The Sins of Dorian Gray, Mahogany, Murder on the Orient Express, On the Beach, Desire Under the Elms, Friendly Persuasion.
    1934 – Jane Goodall, was born. Zoologist
    1936 – Richard Bruno Hauptmann is executed for the kidnapping and death of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, the baby son of Anne and world-famous pilot Charles Lindbergh.
    1936 – Jimmy McGriff was born. Jazz musician.
    1937 – William Gaunt was born. Actor.
    1941 – Hungarian and Nazi troops march into Yugoslavia.
    1941 – Eric Braeden was born. Actor
    1941 – Philippe Wynne was born (d. 1984). Musician.
    1942 – Marsha Mason was born. Actress
    1942 – Wayne Newton was born. Singer .
    1942 – World War II: Japanese forces begin an all-out assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula. Bataan fell on April 9 and the Bataan Death March began.
    1943 – Jonathan Lynn, was born. British actor and comedy writer.
    1944 – Tony Orlando, was born. Musician
    1945 – Nazi’s begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald
    1946 – Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed outside Manila in the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March.
    1946 – Carlos Salinas de Gortari was born. Mexican President (1988-94)
    1946 – Marisa Luísa Paredes Bartolomé was born in Madrid, Spain. Actress. President of the Spanish Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences(18 Dec 2000 – 09 Oct2003).President of the Spanish Cinema’s Academy (2000-Present)
    1946 – The Japanese army general Homma Masaharu was executed outside Manila, Philippines for forcing the
    Bataan Death March.
    1947 – Clarisse Mattos Abujamra, was born. Brazilien actress.
    1948 – President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan which authorizes $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
    1948 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman signed into law George C. Marshall‘s post-World War II plan to revive the economies of western and southern European countries so as to foster democracy in the region.
    1949 – Representatives of Transjordan and Israel met in Rhodes to sign an armistice.
    1949 – Richard Thompson, musician, songwriter.
    1950 – Kurt Weill, dies. German composer (b. 02 Mar 1900)
    1951 – Doris Day marries with Martin Melcher.
    1953 – TV Guide debuts.
    1954 – Aristides de Sousa Mendes, morre. Cônsul de Portugal em Bordéus. Salvou dezenas de milhares de pessoas do Holocausto.
    1955 – The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg‘s book Howl against
    bscenity charges
    1955 – Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300.
    1956 – Ray Combs was born (d. 1996). Game show host, comedian.
    1956 – Miguel Bosé, was born. Spanish singer.
    1957 – Nascimento de Filomena Edorinda Campos dos Santos Semana. Tecnica de Serviço Social. [Nota do webmaster: Hoje vou jantar com ela]
    1958 – Alec Baldwin, was born. Actor
    1959 – David Hyde Pierce, was born. Actor ( A Bug’s Life , Osmosis Jones …).
    1961 – Un DC3 de LAN Chile se estrella en el cerro Las Lástimas; entre los muertos hay 8 jugadores de Green Croos, entre ellos Eliseo Mouriño.
    1961 – Eddie Murphy, was born. Actor and comedian
    1962 – Mike Ness was born. Musician (“Social Distortion“)
    1964 – Bjarne Riis was born. Cyclist.
    1965 – Maurício Mattar, was born. Brazilien actor and singer.
    1968 – Sebastian Bach, was born. Musician (“Skid Row“)
    1968 – Elvis Presley sings Heartbreak Hotel on the Milton Berle Show with an estimated 25% of the United
    tates population viewing.
    1968 – Simon and Garfunkel release the critically acclaimed album Bookends.
    1968 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his “mountaintop” speech.
    1969 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization – U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the Unite
    States will start to “Vietnamize” the war effort.
    1969 – Paul E.M. Phillips, was born. Scientist
    1971 – In Dublin, Ireland, Séverine wins the sixteenth Eurovision Song Contest for Monaco singing “Un banc, un arbre, une rue” (A bench, a tree, a street).
    1972 – Jennie Garth was born. Actress.
    1973 – The first ever Mobile phone call is placed by Martin Cooper, in New York City.
    1973 – Pablo Ruiz Picasso, morte de Pintor e escultor espanhol
    1974 – The Super Outbreak occurred. 148 tornadoes affected 13 states in 26 hours. It was the biggest tornado outbreak in the planet’s recorded history.
    1975 – Bobby Fischer refuses to play in a chess match against Anatoly Karpov, giving Karpov the title.
    1975 – Michael Olowokandi, was born. NBA basketball player
    1976 – In The Hague, Netherlands, Brotherhood of Man wins the twenty-first Eurovision Song Contest for the United Kingdom singing “Save Your Kisses For Me”.
    1976 – É promulgada a Constituição Portuguesa de 1976 .
    1977 – Veronique De Kock, was born. Miss Belgium-Universe (1996)
    1978 – 50th Academy Awards – Best Picture – “Annie Hall”; Best Director -Woody Allen; Best Actress – Diane Keaton; The Best Actor statuette went to Richard Dreyfuss for his performance in The Goodbye Girl; Jason Robards was acclaimed as the Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Julia); his supporting co-star, Vanessa Redgrave also won the golden award; “Star Wars” was honoured with six Academy Awards, mainly for technical effects.
    1982 – Warren Oates, dies (b. 1928). American Character actor.
    1984 – Col. Lansana Konte became the new president of Guinea when the armed forces seized power after the death of Sekou Toure.
    1985 – Na África do Sul, o Reverendo Desmond Tutu comanda uma passeata exigindo a libertação de presos políticos no país.
    1986 – IBM unveils the PC Convertible, their first laptop computer.
    1986 – Amanda Bynes was born. Actress and show host
    1986 – Richard Manuel dies. Musician (“The Band“)
    1986 – Peter Pears, dies (b. 1910). English tenor.
    1987 – Tom Sestak, dies (b. 1936). American football player.
    1988 – Milt Caniff, dies. Cartoonist .
    1988 – Somalia & Ethiopia sign accord about Ogaden desert
    1988 – Francisco da Costa dies. Portuguese writer.
    1990 – Em El Salvador governo e guerrilha selam um acordo de paz.
    1990 – Sarah Vaughn dies (b. 1924). Jazz singer.
    1991 – Graham Greene dies (b. 1904). English writer.
    1991 – Martha Graham dies. American dancer and choreographer.
    1991 – The U.N. Security Council passes a cease-fire resolution to end the Persian Gulf War.
    1991 – Forrest Towns dies (b. 1914). American hurdler.
    1991 – Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over Merion, Pennsylvania.
    1992 – Salgueiro Maia dies. Portuguese militar.
    1993 – Portugal: No Hospital Distrital de Évora, dez hemodialisados morrem e um entra em coma como consequência do excesso de alumínio na água.
    1992 – O escudo adere ao Sistema Monetário Europeu.
    1993 – Dieter Plage, dies. German wildlife photographer
    1993 – Pinky Lee, children’s television host
    1994 – Morre Agostinho da Silva, um dos mais paradoxais pensadores portugueses do século XX.
    1994 – Jérôme Lejeune, dies. French medical geneticist
    1995 – A woman, Linda Brighid, who was said to be a witch killed herself in a firy ritual involving rune stones.
    1996 – Suspected “Unabomber” Theodore Kaczynski is arrested at his Montana cabin.
    1996 – An Air Force air transport carrying United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown crashes in
    Croatia, killing all 35 on-board.
    1996 – Ronald H. Brown, dies. U.S. secretary of commerce.
    1996 – Mullah Mohammed Omar Akhunzada, leader of the Taliban, was proclaimed by a loya jirga (assembly) of 1,000 Muslim clerics to be the “Amirul-Mumimeem,” or Supreme Leader of the Muslims in Afghanistan.
    1996 – Federal agents in Montana apprehended Theodore J. Kaczynski, an American terrorist known as the “Unabomber,” who had killed 3 persons and injured more than 20 with explosives sent through the U.S. postal system.
    1997- Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.
    2000 – Microsoft antitrust case: Microsoft is ruled to have violated United States antitrust laws by keeping “an oppressive thumb” on its competitors.
    2001 – Morreu o maestro e compositor português Nóbrega e Sousa.
    2003 – American troops of the 3rd Infantry Division capture Saddam Hussein international airport, located just 10 miles from the center of Baghdad, Iraq.
    2004 – Mahavir Jayanti: Jain festival honoring Lord Mahavira on his birthday.
    2004 – At least three suspects from the March 11, 2004 Madrid train bombings blow themselves up in the Madrid suburb Leganés when police officers try to arrest them. In addition to the suspects, one police officer is killed and 11 are injured
    2004 – Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves with explosives.
    2005 – Tony Croatto dies (b. 1940). Italian-born singer.
 

On this day in History – Apr. 03

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 12:13 am
    0033 – Crucifixion of Jesus (traditional date)
    0963 – William III, Duke of Aquitaine dies (b. 915)
    1043 – Eduardo o Confessor é coroado rei de Inglaterra na Catedral de Winchester.
    1077 – Creation of the first Parliament of Friuli
    1189 – Conflict between Emperor Frederick Barbarossa of Germany and Pope Clement III were settled when the Peace of Strasbourg was signed.
    1245 – King Philip III of France was born (d. 1285).
    1287 – Pope Honorius IV [Giacomo Savelli] dies (b. c. 1210). Italian Pope (1285-87).
    1376 – Battle of Navarrete (Najera), English beat France.
    1493 – Los Reyes Católicos reciben en Barcelona a Cristóbal Colón, a su regreso del descubrimiento de América.
    1507 – Martin Luther was ordained as a priest in the Roman Catholic Church.
    1528 – German reformer Adolf Clarenbach was arrested in Cologne, Germany, for teaching Protestant (possibly Anabaptist or Waldensian) ideas. Clarenbach was burned at the stake the next year, becoming an early Protestant martyr.
    1559 – The treaty, Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis, is signed, ending the Italian Wars.
    1593 – George Herbert was born (d. 1633). English poet and orator.
    1682 – Bartolomé Esteban Murillo dies. Spanish painter.
    1693 – George Edwards was born (d. 1773). Naturalist.
    1721 – Robert Walpole became the first prime minister of Britain.
    1769 – Christian Gunther von Bernstorff was born (d. 1835). Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat.
    1776 – Harvard College conferred the first honorary Doctor of Laws degree to George Washington.
    1783 – Washington Irving was born (d. 1859). Author.
    1814 – Lorenzo Snow was born (d. 1901). 5th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints .
    1822 – Edward Everett Hale was bor (d. 1909). Writer
    1823 – William Marcy Tweed was born (d. 1878). Political boss.
    1829 – James Carrington patented the coffee mill.
    1842 – Nascia Hermann Karl Vogel (m. 13 Ago 1907). Astrónomo alemão que descobriu as estrelas binárias espectrocóspicas
    1860 – Founding of the Pony Express : The legendary Pony Express begins mail service between Saint Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California.
    1862 – James Clark Ross, dies. English explorer.
    1865 – American Civil War: Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the break-away
    onfederate States of America.
    1868 – Franz Berwald dies (b. 1796). Composer.
    1871 – Nacimiento de José Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
    1878 – Marie Isidore Henri Liénard de Saint-Délis was born (d. 15 Nov 1949). French painter.
    1879 – Tomás José da Anunciação, morre (n. 1818). Pintor português da época do romantismo
    1879 – Sofia, liberated from the Ottoman Empire by Russian troops, was named the capital of Bulgaria.
    1881 – Alcide De Gasperi, was born (d. 1954). Former Prime Minister of Italy
    1882 – Morreu no Rio de Janeiro, Augusto Emílio Zaluar (n. em Lisboa em 14 Fev 1825). Fundador (em
    parceria com Quintino Bocaiúva) do “Parayba”, periódico de Petropolis.
    1882 – Jesse James is shot in the back by Robert Ford, a member of his own gang, seeking to claim reward
    money (b. 1847). American bank and train robber
    1885 – Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for his engine design.
    1885 – Allan Dwan was born (d. 1981). Film director.
    1893 – Leslie Howard, was born (d. 1943) . Actor.
    1895 – The libel trial instigated by Oscar Wilde against the Marquess of Queensbury begins, eventually
    resulting in Wilde’s arrest, trial and imprisonment on charges of homosexuality.
    1897 – Johannes Brahms, dies (b. 1833). Composer.
    1898 – George Jessel, was born (d. 1981). Comedian.
    1896 – The first publication of La Gazzetta dello Sport newspaper in Italy.
    1901 – Richard D’Oyly Carte dies (b. 1844). Industrialist.
    1903 – Peter Huchel, was born (d. 1981) . Lyricist and author of radio plays.
    1905 – Boca Juniors – se funda el club más popular de Argentina.
    1907 – Iron Eyes Cody, was born (d. 1999). Actor.
    1910 – Inauguración de un túnel transandino que une Chile y Argentina.
    1913 – Per Borten was born (d. 2005). Former Premier of Norway
    1916 – Herb Caen was born (d. 1997). Newspaper columnist.
    1917 – Vladimir Lenin arrives at Petrograd Station in Russia from exile, marking the beginning of Bolshevik
    leadership in the Russian Revolution.
    1917 – Um submarino alemão afunda, na costa da França, o navio brasileiro Paraná durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial
    1920 – F. Scott Fitzgerald got married with Zelda Sayre
    1921 – Maria Clara Machado, nasce em Belo Horizonte (MG), autora, diretora e atriz de teatro.
    1922 – Joseph Stalin succeeds Lenin as leader of the Soviet Union.
    1924 – Marlon Brando was born (d. 2004). Award winning actor.
    1924 – Doris Day was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. American singer and actress.
    1925 – Tony Benn, was born. British politician
    1925 – Se constituye en la ciudad suiza de Ginebra la Unión Internacional de Radiodifusión.
    1925 – Great Britain goes back to gold standard 1925 Netherlands & Belgium sign accord of Westerschelde.
    1926 – 1st performance of Jean Sibelius’ 7th Symphony in C.
    1926 – Gus Grissom was born (d. 1967). Astronaut.
    1926 – Luís de Sttau Monteiro was born. Portuguese dramatist and writer.
    1929 – Miyoshi Umeki was born. Actress.
    1929 – Fazlur R. Khan was born. Bangladeshi American civil engineer whose many skyscraper projects included Chicago’s Sears Tower (1973; then the world’s tallest building
    1930 – Helmut Kohl was born. Chancellor of West Germany from 1982 to 1990 and, after presiding over the integration of East Germany into West Germany in 1990, chancellor of reunified Germany until 1998.
    1930 – Lawton Chiles was born. U.S. Senator from Florida (1977-1989) and Florida Governor ( 1991-1998
    1930 – Helmut Kohl was born. Politician, German Bundeskanzler from 1982 to 1998
    1930 – Ras Tafari becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) .
    1930 – 2nd Annual Academy Awards presentation, at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, for movies made during the 1928-1929 year. The Best Director was Frank Lloyd for The Divine Lady; Warner Baxter was voted Best Actor for his role in In Old Arizona, while Mary Pickford took home the Best Actress award for her part in Coquette. Hanns Kräly penned the script for The Patriot, winning the Best Writing award and the Best Picture of the year was The Broadway Melody produced by Harry Rapf.
    1932 – Wilhelm Ostwald, dies (b. 1853). Chemist.
    1932 – Anthony Perkins was born (d. 12 Sep 1992). Actor : Psycho series, The Sins of Dorian Gray, Mahogany, Murder on the Orient Express, On the Beach, Desire Under the Elms, Friendly Persuasion.
    1934 – Jane Goodall, was born. Zoologist
    1936 – Richard Bruno Hauptmann is executed for the kidnapping and death of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, the baby son of Anne and world-famous pilot Charles Lindbergh.
    1936 – Jimmy McGriff was born. Jazz musician.
    1937 – William Gaunt was born. Actor.
    1941 – Hungarian and Nazi troops march into Yugoslavia.
    1941 – Eric Braeden was born. Actor
    1941 – Philippe Wynne was born (d. 1984). Musician.
    1942 – Marsha Mason was born. Actress
    1942 – Wayne Newton was born. Singer .
    1942 – World War II: Japanese forces begin an all-out assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula. Bataan fell on April 9 and the Bataan Death March began.
    1943 – Jonathan Lynn, was born. British actor and comedy writer.
    1944 – Tony Orlando, was born. Musician
    1945 – Nazi’s begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald
    1946 – Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed outside Manila in the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March.
    1946 – Carlos Salinas de Gortari was born. Mexican President (1988-94)
    1946 – Marisa Luísa Paredes Bartolomé was born in Madrid, Spain. Actress. President of the Spanish Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences(18 Dec 2000 – 09 Oct2003).President of the Spanish Cinema’s Academy (2000-Present)
    1946 – The Japanese army general Homma Masaharu was executed outside Manila, Philippines for forcing the
    Bataan Death March.
    1947 – Clarisse Mattos Abujamra, was born. Brazilien actress.
    1948 – President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan which authorizes $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
    1948 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman signed into law George C. Marshall‘s post-World War II plan to revive the economies of western and southern European countries so as to foster democracy in the region.
    1949 – Representatives of Transjordan and Israel met in Rhodes to sign an armistice.
    1949 – Richard Thompson, musician, songwriter.
    1950 – Kurt Weill, dies. German composer (b. 02 Mar 1900)
    1951 – Doris Day marries with Martin Melcher.
    1953 – TV Guide debuts.
    1954 – Aristides de Sousa Mendes, morre. Cônsul de Portugal em Bordéus. Salvou dezenas de milhares de pessoas do Holocausto.
    1955 – The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg‘s book Howl against
    bscenity charges
    1955 – Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300.
    1956 – Ray Combs was born (d. 1996). Game show host, comedian.
    1956 – Miguel Bosé, was born. Spanish singer.
    1957 – Nascimento de Filomena Edorinda Campos dos Santos Semana. Tecnica de Serviço Social. [Nota do webmaster: Hoje vou jantar com ela]
    1958 – Alec Baldwin, was born. Actor
    1959 – David Hyde Pierce, was born. Actor ( A Bug’s Life , Osmosis Jones …).
    1961 – Un DC3 de LAN Chile se estrella en el cerro Las Lástimas; entre los muertos hay 8 jugadores de Green Croos, entre ellos Eliseo Mouriño.
    1961 – Eddie Murphy, was born. Actor and comedian
    1962 – Mike Ness was born. Musician (“Social Distortion“)
    1964 – Bjarne Riis was born. Cyclist.
    1965 – Maurício Mattar, was born. Brazilien actor and singer.
    1968 – Sebastian Bach, was born. Musician (“Skid Row“)
    1968 – Elvis Presley sings Heartbreak Hotel on the Milton Berle Show with an estimated 25% of the United
    tates population viewing.
    1968 – Simon and Garfunkel release the critically acclaimed album Bookends.
    1968 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his “mountaintop” speech.
    1969 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization – U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the Unite
    States will start to “Vietnamize” the war effort.
    1969 – Paul E.M. Phillips, was born. Scientist
    1971 – In Dublin, Ireland, Séverine wins the sixteenth Eurovision Song Contest for Monaco singing “Un banc, un arbre, une rue” (A bench, a tree, a street).
    1972 – Jennie Garth was born. Actress.
    1973 – The first ever Mobile phone call is placed by Martin Cooper, in New York City.
    1973 – Pablo Ruiz Picasso, morte de Pintor e escultor espanhol
    1974 – The Super Outbreak occurred. 148 tornadoes affected 13 states in 26 hours. It was the biggest tornado outbreak in the planet’s recorded history.
    1975 – Bobby Fischer refuses to play in a chess match against Anatoly Karpov, giving Karpov the title.
    1975 – Michael Olowokandi, was born. NBA basketball player
    1976 – In The Hague, Netherlands, Brotherhood of Man wins the twenty-first Eurovision Song Contest for the United Kingdom singing “Save Your Kisses For Me”.
    1976 – É promulgada a Constituição Portuguesa de 1976 .
    1977 – Veronique De Kock, was born. Miss Belgium-Universe (1996)
    1978 – 50th Academy Awards – Best Picture – “Annie Hall”; Best Director -Woody Allen; Best Actress – Diane Keaton; The Best Actor statuette went to Richard Dreyfuss for his performance in The Goodbye Girl; Jason Robards was acclaimed as the Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Julia); his supporting co-star, Vanessa Redgrave also won the golden award; “Star Wars” was honoured with six Academy Awards, mainly for technical effects.
    1982 – Warren Oates, dies (b. 1928). American Character actor.
    1984 – Col. Lansana Konte became the new president of Guinea when the armed forces seized power after the death of Sekou Toure.
    1985 – Na África do Sul, o Reverendo Desmond Tutu comanda uma passeata exigindo a libertação de presos políticos no país.
    1986 – IBM unveils the PC Convertible, their first laptop computer.
    1986 – Amanda Bynes was born. Actress and show host
    1986 – Richard Manuel dies. Musician (“The Band“)
    1986 – Peter Pears, dies (b. 1910). English tenor.
    1987 – Tom Sestak, dies (b. 1936). American football player.
    1988 – Milt Caniff, dies. Cartoonist .
    1988 – Somalia & Ethiopia sign accord about Ogaden desert
    1988 – Francisco da Costa dies. Portuguese writer.
    1990 – Em El Salvador governo e guerrilha selam um acordo de paz.
    1990 – Sarah Vaughn dies (b. 1924). Jazz singer.
    1991 – Graham Greene dies (b. 1904). English writer.
    1991 – Martha Graham dies. American dancer and choreographer.
    1991 – The U.N. Security Council passes a cease-fire resolution to end the Persian Gulf War.
    1991 – Forrest Towns dies (b. 1914). American hurdler.
    1991 – Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over Merion, Pennsylvania.
    1992 – Salgueiro Maia dies. Portuguese militar.
    1993 – Portugal: No Hospital Distrital de Évora, dez hemodialisados morrem e um entra em coma como consequência do excesso de alumínio na água.
    1992 – O escudo adere ao Sistema Monetário Europeu.
    1993 – Dieter Plage, dies. German wildlife photographer
    1993 – Pinky Lee, children’s television host
    1994 – Morre Agostinho da Silva, um dos mais paradoxais pensadores portugueses do século XX.
    1994 – Jérôme Lejeune, dies. French medical geneticist
    1995 – A woman, Linda Brighid, who was said to be a witch killed herself in a firy ritual involving rune stones.
    1996 – Suspected “Unabomber” Theodore Kaczynski is arrested at his Montana cabin.
    1996 – An Air Force air transport carrying United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown crashes in
    Croatia, killing all 35 on-board.
    1996 – Ronald H. Brown, dies. U.S. secretary of commerce.
    1996 – Mullah Mohammed Omar Akhunzada, leader of the Taliban, was proclaimed by a loya jirga (assembly) of 1,000 Muslim clerics to be the “Amirul-Mumimeem,” or Supreme Leader of the Muslims in Afghanistan.
    1996 – Federal agents in Montana apprehended Theodore J. Kaczynski, an American terrorist known as the “Unabomber,” who had killed 3 persons and injured more than 20 with explosives sent through the U.S. postal system.
    1997- Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.
    2000 – Microsoft antitrust case: Microsoft is ruled to have violated United States antitrust laws by keeping “an oppressive thumb” on its competitors.
    2001 – Morreu o maestro e compositor português Nóbrega e Sousa.
    2003 – American troops of the 3rd Infantry Division capture Saddam Hussein international airport, located just 10 miles from the center of Baghdad, Iraq.
    2004 – Mahavir Jayanti: Jain festival honoring Lord Mahavira on his birthday.
    2004 – At least three suspects from the March 11, 2004 Madrid train bombings blow themselves up in the Madrid suburb Leganés when police officers try to arrest them. In addition to the suspects, one police officer is killed and 11 are injured
    2004 – Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves with explosives.
    2005 – Tony Croatto dies (b. 1940). Italian-born singer.