0311 – Peter of Alexandria dies. Christian martyr
1034 – Malcolm II of Scotland dies killed. Duncan, the son of his second daughter, inherits the throne ahead of Macbeth, the son of his eldest daughter.
1120 – The White Ship sinks in the English Channel, drowning William Adelin (b. 1104), son of Henry I of England.
1177 – Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard.
1185 – Pope Lucius III dies
1326 – Prince Koreyasu dies (b. 1264). Japanese shogun
1374 – Philip II of Taranto dies (b. 1329). Emperor of Costantinople
1456 – Jacques Cœur dies. French merchant.
1491 – The siege of Granada, last Moorish stronghold in Spain, begins.
1542 – Battle of Solway Moss. The English army defeats the Scottish.
1560 – Andrea Doria dies (b. 1466). Italian naval leader.
1562 – Félix Lope de Vega was born in Madrid (d. 1635). Spanish playwright.
1577 – Piet Hein was born (d. 1629). Dutch naval commander and folk hero
1609 – Henrietta Maria was born (d. 1669). Queen of Charles I of England
1626 – Edward Alleyn dies (b. 1566). English actor.
1638 – Catherine of Braganza was born (d. 1705). Queen of Charles II of England
1694 – Ismael Bullialdus dies (b. 1605). French astronomer.
1700 – Stephanus Van Cortlandt dies (b. 1643). First native Mayor of New York.
1703 – Jean-François Séguier was born (d. 1784). French astronomer and botanist
1712 – Charles-Michel de l’Épée was born (d. 1789). French philanthropist and developer of ‘Signed French’
1714 – Yoriyuki Arima was born (d. 1783). Japanese mathematician.
1748 – Isaac Watts dies (b. 1674). British hymnwriter.
1755 – Johann Georg Pisendel dies (b. 1687). German musician.
1758 – French and Indian War: British forces capture Fort Duquesne from French control.
1783 – American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
1785 – Richard Glover dies (b. 1712). British poet.
1795 – Partitions of Poland: Stanislaus August Poniatowski, the last king of independent Poland, is forced to abdicate and exiled to Russia.
1814 – Julius Robert von Mayer was born (d. 1878). German physician and physicist.
1817 – John Bigelow was born (d. 1911). American statesman and author.
1835 – Andrew Carnegie, British-born industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1919)
1844 – Karl Benz was born (d. 1929). German mechanical engineer who designed and built in 1885 the world’s first practical automobile to be powered by an internal-combustion engine.
1845 – José Maria Eça de Queiroz was born in Póvoa de Varzim (d. 1900). Portuguese writer. His works include “O Crime do Padre Amaro” (1875), “O Primo Basílio” (1878), “Os Maias” (1888), A Ilustre Casa de Ramires (1894), this one published after his death.
1846 – Carry Nation was born (d. 1911). American temperance advocate.
1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Missionary Ridge – At Missionary Ridge in Tennessee, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant break the Siege of Chattanooga by routing Confederate troops under General Braxton Bragg.
1865 – Heinrich Barth dies (b. 1821). German explorer.
1867 – Alfred Nobel patented dynamite.
1874 – Joe Gans was born (d. 1910). American boxer.
1874 – The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
1876 – Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife‘s sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River.
1881 – Angelo Roncalli was born in Sotto il Monte, Italy. In 1958 he become Pope John XXIII (d. 1963)
1881 – Theobald Boehm dies (b. 1794). German inventor of the modern flute.
1883 – Harvey Spencer Lewis was born (d. 1939). American mystic.
1884 – Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe dies (b. 1818). German chemist.
1895 – Wilhelm Kempff was born (d. 1991). German conductor.
1895 – Ludvík Svoboda was born (d. 1979). President of Czechoslovakia.
1896 – Virgil Thomson was born (d. 1989). American composer and music critic
1897 – Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy
1904 – Lillian Copeland was born (d. 1964). American athlete.
1904 – Ba Jin was born. Chinese novelist
1905 – Haakon VII arrives in Norway.
1913 – Panama becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1913 – Lewis Thomas was born (d. 1993). American physician and essayist.
1914 – Joe DiMaggio was born (d. 1999). American baseball player.
1915 – Augusto Pinochet was born. Chilean politician
1920 – Tuanku Syed Putra ibni Almarhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail was born (d. 2000). King of Malaysia.
1920 – Ricardo Montalban was born. Mexican actor
1920 – Noel Neill was born. American actress
1920 – Gaston Chevrolet dies (b. 1892). Swiss-born race car driver and automobile pioneer.
1924 – Takaaki Yoshimoto was born. Japanese poet, critic, and philosopher.
1925 – Jeffrey Hunter was born (d. 1969). American actor.
1926 – Poul Anderson was born (d. 2001). American writer.
1933 – Kathryn Grant was born. American actress
1936 – In Berlin, Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, thus agreeing to consult on what measures to take “to safeguard their common interests” in case of an unprovoked attack by the Soviet Union against either nation.
1940 – Woody Woodpecker first appears, in the film “Knock Knock“.
1940 – Reinhard Furrer was born (d. 1995). American physicist and astronaut
1940 – Joe Gibbs was born. American football coach .
1942 – Alfredo Carneiro da Cunha dies in Lisbon (b. in Fundão, 21 Dec 1863). Portuguese poet and journalist.
1943 – Statehood of Bosnia and Herzegovina was re-established at the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia.
1944 – World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth’s store in Deptford, killing 160 shoppers.
1944 – Ben Stein was born. American actor, game show host, and political consultant
1944 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis dies (b. 1866). Baseball commissioner.
1947 – Léon-Paul Fargue dies (b. 1876). French poet.
1947 – John Larroquette was born. American actor
1947 – Red Scare: The “Hollywood Ten” are blacklisted by Hollywood movie studios.
1947 – New Zealand ratifies the Statute of Westminster and thus becomes independent of legislative control by the United Kingdom.
1950 – The People’s Republic of China joins the Korean War, sending thousands of troops across the Yalu river border to fight United Nations forces.
1950 – Johannes Vilhelm Jensen dies (b. 1873). Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate.
1951 – Bill Morrissey was born. American musician
1952 – Imran Khan was born. Pakistani cricketer
1952 – Agatha Christie‘s murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens at the Ambassadors Theatre in London and eventually becomes the longest continuously-running play in history.
1953 – The England football team suffer their first home defeat against continental opposition, losing to Hungary.
1958 – French Sudan gains autonomy as a self-governing member of the French Community.
1958 – Senegal becomes an autonomous state in the French Community.
1958 – Irene Lisboa dies. Portuguese writer.
1959 – Gérard Philipe dies (b. 1922). French actor.
1959 – Charles Kennedy was born. British politician
1960 – Amy Grant was born. American singer
1960 – John F. Kennedy, Jr. was born (d. 1999). American publisher.
1960 – The Mirabal sisters of the Dominican Republic are assassinated .
1963- President John F. Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
1965 – Cris Carter was born. American football player
1965 – Bernie Kosar was born. American football player
1966 – Tim Armstrong was born. American musician (Rancid and The Transplants)
1968 – Upton Sinclair dies (b. 1878). American journalist, politician, and writer.
1965 – Dame Myra Hess dies (b.1890). British pianist.
1970 – Yukio Mishima dies (b. 1925). Japanese writer.
1970 – In Japan, author Yukio Mishima and two compatriots commit ritualistic suicide after an unsuccessful coup attempt.
1971 – Christina Applegate was born. American actress
1971 – Magnus Arvedson was born. Swedish hockey player
1972 – Henri Coanda dies (b. 1886). Romanian aerodynamics pioneer.
1973 – Laurence Harvey dies (b. 1928). Lithuanian-born actor.
1973 – Greek President George Papadopoulos is ousted in a military coup led by Lieutenant General Phaidon Gizikis.
1974 – Nick Drake dies (b. 1948). British singer and songwriter.
1974 – U Thant dies (b. 1909). Burmese UN Secretary-General
1975 – Suriname gains independence from the Netherlands.
1975 – Netherlands grants Surinam independence (National Day)
1975 – Politic- militar confrontation that would go be known by the name of the date “25 de Novembro” It was an important day for the normalization of portuguese democratic life after the revolutionary process following 25 th April (Revolução dos Cravos) that ended the fascist politic regimen.
1976 – Donovan McNabb was born. American football player
1978 – Shina Ringo was born. Japanese musician, singer, and songwriter
1978 – American Airlines DC-10 crashes on takeoff from Chicago, kills 275
1979 – Thea Gilmore was born. British singer and songwriter
1980 – No Más Fight: Sugar Ray Leonard regainrs the WBC world welterweight boxing title in a bout against Roberto Duran.
1981 – Xabi Alonso was born. Spanish footballer.
1981 – Jack Albertson dies (b. 1907). American actor.
1984 – 36 top musicians gather in a Notting Hill studio and record Band Aid‘s Do They Know It’s Christmas in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.
1984 – A KCR train derails between Sheung Shui and Fanling.
1986 – Iran Contra Affair: US Attorney General Edwin Meese announces that profits from covert weapons sales to Iran were illegally diverted to the anti-communist Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
1990 – Lech Walesa wins in Poland’s 1st popular election
1992 – The Czech parliament voted to split the country into separate Czech and Slovak republics beginning January 1, 1993.
1992 – The Czechoslovakia Federal Assembly votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia from January 1, 1993.
1993 – Manuel Lopes is considered guilty about the case of the assassination of João Champalimaud and is sentenced to 18 years of prison.
1993 – Júlio Pomar, portuguese painter receives the Prize ” Montaigne 1993″ , from the Foundation FVS ( Hamburg).
1994 – Sony founder Akio Morita announces he will be stepping down as CEO of the company.
1998 – Flip Wilson dies (b. 1933). American actor and comedian.
1999 – International day to eliminate violence against women. The United Nations General Assembly passes a resolution designating November 25 the International Day to Eliminate Violence Against Women. The resolution, which was introduced by the Dominican Republic, marked the anniversary of the death of three sisters, Maria, Teresa, and Minerva Mirabel, who were brutally murdered there in 1961
1999 – The United Nations General Assembly passes a resolution designating November 25 as the annual International Day to Eliminate Violence Against Women.
2002 – US President George W. Bush signs the Homeland Security Act into law.
2002 – Reported assassination attempt on Turkmen president Saparmurat Niyazov
2002 – Karel Reisz dies (b. 1926). Czech theatre director.
R.C. Saints – Saint Catherine of Alexandria;
2004 – Begins today the trial of the case “Casa Pia” (Portugal)
Bosnia and Herzegovina: National Day (1943)
Surinam – Independence Day (from the Netherlands, 1975)
In 2003, celebration of the Muslim festival of Eid (which has no set date in the Gregorian calendar because the Muslim calendar is based on the lunar, not the solar, cycle)
On this day in History – Nov. 25 Novembro 25, 2005
0311 – Peter of Alexandria dies. Christian martyr