0461 – St. Hilarius
0498 – Pope Anastasius II
1464 – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan
was born (d. 1526)
1478 – Emperor Baeda Maryam of Ethiopia
dies (b. 1448)
1492 – Jami
dies (b. 1414). Persian poet.
1493 – Christopher Columbus
becomes the first European
to go ashore on an island he only saw for the first time the day before. He names it San Juan Bautista (later renamed Puerto Rico
1557 – Bona Sforza
dies (b. 1494). Queen of Sigismund I of Poland
1563 – Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester
was born (d. 1626). English statesman
1577 – Matsunaga Hisahide
dies (b. 1510). Japanese warlord.
1598 – An outnumbered Korean and Ming navy ambush and defeat a Japanese army at the Battle of Noryang Point
1598 – Yi Sun-sin
dies killed in battle (b. 1545), Korean admiral.
1600 – King Charles I of England
was born (d. 1649)
1600 – Leo Aitzema
was born (d. 1669). Dutch historian and statesman.
1617 – Eustache Le Sueur
was born (d, 1655). French painter.
1630 – Johann Schein
dies (b. 1586). German composer.
1649 – Caspar Schoppe
dies (b. 1576). German scholar.
1665 – Nicolas Poussin
dies (b. 1594). French painter.
1672 – John Wilkins
dies (b. 1614). English Bishop of Chester
1682 – Prince Rupert of the Rhine
dies (b. 1619). Royalist commander in the English Civil War
1692 – Thomas Shadwell
dies. English poet and playwright
1700 – Jean-Antoine Nollet
was born (d. 1770). French abbot and physicist.
1703 – The man in the iron mask
, a political prisoner famous in French history and legend, died in the Bastille
1711 – Mikhail Lomonosov
was born (d. 1765). Russian writer and polymath.
1723 – Antoine Nompar de Caumont
dies (b. 1632). French courtier and soldier
1794 – The United States
and the Kingdom of Great Britain
sign Jay’s Treaty
, which attempts to clear up some of the lingering problems left over from the American Revolutionary War
1798 – Wolfe Tone
dies (b. 1763). Irish patriot
1804 – Pietro Guglielmi
dies (b. 1728). Italian composer
1805 – Ferdinand de Lesseps
was born (d. 1894). French diplomat and Suez Canal engineer.
1810 – Jean-Georges Noverre
dies (b. 1725). French dancer and ballet master.
1816 – Warsaw University
1820 – The Troppau protocol, a declaration of intention to take collective action against revolution, was signed by the Holy Alliance
powers at the Congress of Troppau
1822 – Johann Georg Tralles
dies (b. 1763). German mathematician and physicist.
1828 – Franz Schubert
dies (b. 1797). Austrian composer.
1831 – James A. Garfield
was born (d. 1881). 20th President of the United States
1833 – Wilhelm Dilthey
was born (d. 1911). German philosopher.
1843 – Richard Avenarius
was born (d. 1896). German philosopher.
1850 – Richard Mentor Johnson
dies (b. 1780). American politician.
1859 – Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov
was born (d. 1935). Russian composer
1862 – Billy Sunday
was born (d. 1935). American evangelist.
1863 – American Civil War
President Abraham Lincoln
delivers the Gettysburg Address
at the military cemetery dedication ceremony in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
1875 – Mikhail I. Kalinin
was born (d. 1946). Russian metal worker and head of state.
1881 – A meteorite
lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa
1883 – Ned Sparks
was born (d. 1957). Canadian actor.
1883 – William Siemens dies. German metalurgist.
1887 – Emma Lazarus
dies (b. 1859). American poet.
1887 – James B. Sumner
was born (d. 1955). American chemist, Nobel Prize
1888 – José Raúl Capablanca
was born (d. 1942). Cuban chess player
1893 – René Voisin
was born. French classical trumpet player
1894 – Américo Thomaz was born. President of Portuguese Republic (1958 – 1974).
1897 – William Seymour Tyler
dies (b. 1810). American educator and historian.
1898 – Arthur R. von Hippel
was born (d. 2003).German-born physicist
1899 – Allen Tate
was born (d. 1979). American poet and critic
1900 – Mikhail Lavrentyev
was born (d. 1980). Russian scientist
1900 – Anna Seghers
was born (d. 1983). German writer
1905 – Tommy Dorsey
was born (d. 1956). American bandleader
1907 – Jack Schaefer
was born (d. 1991). American author.
1912 – Domingos da Guia
was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian football player
1915 – Joe Hill
dies executed (b. 1879) American labor activist.
1916 – Samuel Goldfish (later renamed Samuel Goldwyn
) and Edgar Selwyn
establish Goldwyn Company
(the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers.)
1917 – Indira Gandhi
was born (d. 1984). Was the daughter of the first prime minister of India
, Jawaharlal Nehru
, and served four terms as prime minister before being assassinated by Sikh extremists while in office in 1984.
1918 – Joseph Fielding Smith
dies (b.1838). President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
1919 – Alan Young was born. Actor: Mr. Ed, Emmy-Award winning show: The Alan Young Show ; Beverly Hills Cop 3, The Time Machine; cartoon voice: Scrooge McDuck
1920 – Gene Tierney
was born (d. 1991). American actress
1921 – Roy Campanella
was born (d. 1993). baseball player
1922 – Yuri Knorosov
was born (d. 1999). Russian epigrapher
1924 – William Russell
was born. British actor
1924 – Bernardo de Santareno was born. Portuguese dramatist
1924 – Marlene (Vitória Martino Bonaiutti)
was born in São Paulo. Brazilian singer
1924 – In Los Angeles, California
, famous silent film
director Thomas Ince
(“The Father of the Western”) dies of a heart attack
in his bed (rumors soon surface that he was shot dead by publishing tycoon William Randolph Hearst
1924 – Thomas Ince
dies (b. 1882). American film director.
1926 – Jeane Kirkpatrick
was born. U. S. Ambassador to the United Nations
1929 – Slavko Avsenik
was born. Slovenian musician
1929 – Norman Cantor
was born (d. 2004). Canadian medieval scholar.
1933 – Larry King
was born. American television interviewer
1935 – Bob Gibson
was born. Baseball player
1935 – Rashad Khalifa
was born (d. 1990). Egyptian imam
1936 – Dick Cavett
was born. American talk show host
1936 – Yuan T. Lee
was born. Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize
1936 – Francisco Milani
was born (d. 2005). Brazilian actor
1938 – Ted Turner
was born. American businessman.
1938 – Lev Shestov
dies (b. 1866). Russian philosopher.
1939 – Tom Harkin
was born. U.S. Senator
1941 – Dan Haggerty
was born. American actor
1941 – World War II
: The Royal Australian Navy
cruiser HMAS Sydney
and the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran
sink each other off the coast of Western Australia
, with the loss of 645 Australians and about 77 German seamen.
1942 – World War II: Battle of Stalingrad
– Soviet Union
forces under General Georgy Zhukov
launch the Operation Uranus
counterattacks at Stalingrad
, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR’s favor.
1942 – Calvin Klein
was born. American clothing designer
1942 – Sharon Olds
was born. American poet
1942 – Bruno Schulz
dies shot (b. 1892). Polish writer and painter.
1943 – Aurelio Monteagudo
was born (d.1990). Cuban-born Major League Baseball
1944 – World War II: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
announces the 6th War Loan Drive
, aimed at selling US$14 billion in war bonds
to help pay for the war effort.
1946 – Afghanistan
join the United Nations
1947 – Bob Boone
was born. Baseball player and manager
1947 – Lamar S. Smith
was born. American politician
1951 – Lord Falconer
was born. British lawyer and politician
1953 – Robert Beltran
was born. American actor
1953 – Tom Villard
was born (d. 1994). American actor.
1954 – Kathleen Quinlan
was born in Pasadena, California. American actress (The Promise, I Never Promised You a Rose Garden, American Graffiti, Airport ’77, Apollo 13, Family Law)
1954 – Sammy Davis, Jr.
loses his left eye in an automobile accident in San Bernardino, California
1956 – Marco Chagas was born. Portuguese cyclist.
1957 – Ofra Haza
was born (d. 2000). Israeli singer
1959 – Ford Motor Company
announces the discontinuation of the unpopular Edsel
1960 – Phyllis Haver
dies (b. 1899). American actress.
1960 – Allison Janney
was born. American actress
1960 – Elizabeth Hulette
was born (d. 2003). American professional wrestler
1961 – Meg Ryan
was born. American actress ( When a Man Loves a Woman, When Harry Met Sally, D.O.A., Sleepless in Seattle, Flesh and Bone, Top Gun, One of the Boys, Addicted to Love, City of Angels, You’ve Got Mail)
1961 – Michael Rockefeller
, son of New York
governor Nelson Rockefeller
, disappears in the jungles near Atsj
, Papua New Guinea
1962 – Jodie Foster
was born. Academy Award-winning actress: The Accused , Silence of the Lambs ; Mayberry R.F.D., Taxi Driver, Napoleon and Samantha, Sommersby, Paper Moon, Maverick;
and director: Little Man Tate, Home for the Holidays 1
963 – Terry Farrell
was born. American actress
1966 – Gail Devers
was born. American athlete
1966 – Jason Scott Lee
was born. American actor
1967 – The Establishment of TVB
, the first wireless commercial television station
in Hong Kong
1967 – Charles Watters
dies (b. 1927). US Army chaplain.
1967 – João Guimarães Rosa
dies (b. 1908). Brazilian writer.
1969 – Apollo program
: Apollo 12
astronauts Charles Conrad
and Alan Bean
land at Oceanus Procellarum
(“Ocean of Storms”) and become the third and fourth humans
to walk on the Moon
. 1973 – American football
player Lance Rentzel
is arrested for exposing himself to a ten-year-old girl; he is later sentenced to five years’ probation.
1969 – Pelé
scores his goal number 1000.
1973 – Savion Glover
was born. American choreographer, actor, and dancer
1974 – George Brunies
dies (b. 1902). American musician.
1975 – Sushmita Sen
was born. Indian beauty queen and actress
1976 – Jun Shibata
was born. Japanese singer and songwriter
1976 – Sir Basil Spence
dies (b. 1907). Scottish architect.
1977 – Egyptian
President Anwar Sadat
becomes the first Arab
leader to officially visit Israel
, when he meets with Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin
and speaks before the Knesset
, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
1977 – Transportes Aereos Portugueses Boeing
727 crashes in Madeira islands
1979 – Iran hostage crisis
leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
orders the release of 13 female and black American
hostages being held at the US Embassy in Tehran
1979 – Ryan Howard
was born. Philadelphia Phillies substitute for Jim Thome
1984 – A series of explosions at the PEMEX
petroleum storage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City
ignites a major fire and kills about 500 people.
1985 – Cold War
: In Geneva
, US President Ronald Reagan
and Soviet Union
leader Mikhail Gorbachev
meet for the first time.
1985 – Pennzoil
wins a US$10.53 billion verdict against Texaco
, in the largest civil verdict in U.S. history, stemming from Texaco establishing a signed contract to buy Getty Oil
after Pennzoil had entered into an unsigned, yet still binding, buyout contract with Getty.)
1985 – Stepin Fetchit
dies (b. 1907). American actor and dancer.
1986 -A pintora Vieira da Silva é agraciada com o Prémio Florence Gould.
1987 -É estabelecido um preço recorde na venda de um carro, ao ser vendido em leilão um Bugatti Royal de 1931 por 5,5 milhões de libras.
1988 – Christina Onassis dies. Greeg magnat.
1990 – Pop group Milli Vanilli
are stripped of their Grammy Award because the duo did not sing at all on the “Girl You Know It’s True” album. Session musicians had provided all the vocals.
1994 – In Britain, the first National Lottery
draw was held. A £1 ticket gives a one-in-14-million chance of correctly guessing the winning six out of 49 numbers.
1994 – Em Vila Franca de Xira, é inaugurado o Imax, uma das mais modernas salas de cinema do país.
1994 – No Porto, termina a XI Cimeira Ibérica, com acordos sobre a água, gás natural e coordenação fronteiriça.
1994 – O IPPAR anuncia oficialmente a descoberta de gravuras rupestres na zona da futura barragem de Foz Côa e é acusado por arqueólogos de ter ocultado a descoberta desde 1989.
1997 – In Carlisle, Iowa
, Bobbi McCaughey
gives birth to septuplets
in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive.
1998 – Lewinsky scandal
: The United States House of Representatives
Judiciary Committee begins impeachment
hearings against US President Bill Clinton
1998 – Vincent van Gogh
‘s “Portrait of the Artist Without Beard” sells at auction for US$71.5 million.
1998 – Lucília do Carmo dies. Portuguese singer (fado).
1998 – Alan Pakula dies. American film director and producer.
1999 – In Istanbul
, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
ends a two-day summit by calling for a political settlement in Chechnya
and adopting a Charter for European Security
2004 – The largest brawl in the history of American professional sports breaks out between fans and NBA players during a game between the Detroit Pistons
and the Indiana Pacers
. The melee is instigated after an altercation between Detroit’s Ben Wallace
and Indiana’s Ron Artest
when a fan
throws a cup of beer and hits Artest in the chest.
2004 – Piet Esser
dies (b. 1914). Dutch sculptor
2004 – John Robert Vane
dies (b. 1927). British pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
– Beaujolais NouveauMali
– Liberation DayMonaco
– Monegasque National DayOman
– Birthday of Sultan Qaboos bin SaidPuerto Rico
– Discovery of Puerto Rico
– Have a Bad Day DayUnited States
– Equal Opportunity DayUnited States
– National Children’s Book Week BeginsUnited Arab Emirates
Dia da Bandeira
do Brasil (Dec. nº 4 de 19/11/1889)