0284 – Diocletian
was acclaimed emperor by his soldiers.
1904 – U.S. troops intervene in Panama.
1904 – William Hastie was born (d. 1976). US judge and politician.
1905 – Queen Astrid of Belgium
was born (d. 1935).
1905 – Mischa Auer
was born (d. 1967). American actor.
1906 – Soichiro Honda
was born (d. 1992). Japanese automobile pioneer.
1910 – Raquel de Queiroz was born. Brazilian writer who was the first woman to have a chair in the Academia Brasileira de Letras
1911 – Christian Fouchet
was born (d. 1974). French diplomat
1916 – Shelby Foote
was born (d. 2005). American historian.
1917 – Auguste Rodin
dies (b. 1840). French sculptor known for his bronze and marble figures, including The Thinker (1880) and The Kiss (1886), and considered one of the best portraitists in the history of sculpture
1917 – Romeu Correia
was born in Cacilhas (d. 12 Jun 1996). Portuguese writer.
1919 – George V
, then King of the United Kingdom
, proclaimed Armistice Day
(later Remembrance Day
), saying “that at the hour when the Armistice came into force, the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, there may be for the brief space of two minutes a complete suspension of all our normal activities … so that in perfect stillness, the thoughts of everyone may be concentrated on reverent remembrance of the glorious dead.” The idea was first suggested by Edward George Honey
1922 – Former Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI
went on exile in Italy
1925 – Rock Hudson
was born (d. 2 Oct 1985). American actor. McMillan and Wife, Giant, A Gathering of Eagles, Ice Station Zebra, Magnificent Obsession, Pillow Talk, Written on the Wind;
1925 – Sir Charles Mackerras
was born. American-born conductor
1927 – Rogério Paulo was born. Portuguese actor.
1928 – Rance Howard
was born. American actor
1929 – Norm Zauchin
was born (d. 1999). Baseball player.
1929 – Herman Hollerith
dies (b. 1860). American statistician.
1929 – Pascual Ortiz Rubio elected president of Mexico.
1936 – Dalia Rabikovich
was born (d. 2005). Israeli poet.
1936 – Ernestine Schumann-Heink
dies (b. 1861). Austrian contralto
1937 – Peter Cook
was born (d. 1995). English comedian, satirist, and writer (Beyond the Fringe, The Wrong Box)
1937 – Jack Worrall
dies (b. 1860). Australian cricketer, footballer, and coach.
1938 – Gordon Lightfoot
was born. Canadian singer
1938 – Ante Trumbić
dies (b. 1864). Croatian politician.
1938 – Alvaro Leon Cassuto was born in Oporto. Portuguese composer and conductor.
Carlos Alberto Arroyo del Río assumes the presidency of Ecuador
1939 – Auberon Waugh
was born (d. 2001). British author.
1940 – Eric Gill
dies (b. 1882). English sculptor and writer.
1941 – World War II
: Attack on Pearl Harbor
– Joseph Grew
, the United States
ambassador to Japan
, cables the State Department
that Japan had plans to launch an attack against Pearl Harbor
(his cable was ignored).
1942 – Martin Scorsese
was born. American film director (Mean Streets, The Color of Money, Raging Bull, Goodfellas, Taxi Driver, Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore, New York, New York, The Last Temptation of Christ, Cape Fear)
1943 – Lauren Hutton
was born. American actress (American Gigolo, Lassiter, Paper Lion)
1944 – Danny DeVito
was born. Emmy-award winning actor (Taxi [1980-81]; Twins, Batman Returns, Hoffa, The Jewel of the Nile, Romancing the Stone, Terms of Endearment)
and director (Throw Mama from the Train, The War of the Roses, Jack the Bear).
1944- Rem Koolhaas
was born. Dutch architect (House of Music : Casa da Musica, in Oporto).
1944 – Lorne Michaels
was born. Canadian, Emmy Award-winning writer (The Paul Simon Special , Saturday Night Live [1976, 1977, 1989], Lily ; Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In, Three Amigos)
and Emmy Award-winning producer (Saturday Night Live [1976, 1993, 2002]; Sunday Night, The New Show, Late Night with Conan O’Brien, Stuart Saves His Family, Lassie, The Coneheads, Wayne’s World series, Three Amigos)
1944 – Tom Seaver
was born. Baseball player
1945 – Elvin Hayes
was born. American basketball player
1948 – Howard Dean
was born. American politician.
1958 – Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio
was born. American actress
1959 – Heitor Villa-Lobos
dies (b. 1887). Brazilian composer.
1960 – Jonathan Ross
was born. British television presenter
1960 – RuPaul
was born. American actor
1962 – In Washington, DC
, US President John F. Kennedy
dedicates Dulles International Airport
1966 – Jeff Buckley
was born (dies). American musician
1966 – Daisy Fuentes
was born. Cuban model, TV host and actress
1966 – Sophie Marceau
was born. French actress
1966 – Kate Ceberano
was born. Australian singer
1967 – Vietnam War
: Acting on optimistic reports he was given on November 13
, US President Lyndon B. Johnson
tells his nation that, while much remained to be done, “We are inflicting greater losses than we’re taking…We are making progress.” (two months later the Tet Offensive
made him regret his words).
1968 – NBC
preempts the final 1:05 minutes of a very close NFL football
match between the New York Jets
and the Oakland Raiders
, prompting an outrage amongst sport fans.
1968 – Mervyn Peake
dies (b. 1911). British writer and illustrator.
1969 – Cold War
: Negotiators from the Soviet Union
and the United States
meet in Helsinki
to begin SALT I
negotiations aimed at limiting the number of strategic weapons on both sides.
1969 – Jean-Michel Saive
was born. Belgian table tennis player
1970 – Paul Allender
was born. English singer (Cradle of Filth
1970 – Elton John
plays a concert at A&R Studios in New York City
which later becomes the album 11-17-70
1970 – Vietnam War
: Lieutenant William Calley
goes on trial for the My Lai massacre
1970 – Luna program
: The Soviet Union
lands Lunokhod 1
on Mare Imbrium
(Sea of Rains) on the Moon
. This is the first roving remote-controlled robot to land on another world and was released by the orbiting Luna 17
1970 – Douglas Engelbart
receives the patent
for the first computer mouse
1973 – Watergate scandal
: In Orlando, Florida
, US President Richard Nixon
tells 400 Associated Press
managing editors “I am not a crook.”
1973 – Student uprising
against the military regime
1973 – Alexei Urmanov
was born. Russian figure skater
1974 – Aliança Operário-Camponesa
(Worker-Peasant Alliance) founded in Portugal
, as a front of PCP(m-l)
1975 – Diane Neal
was born. American actress
1977 – Ryk Neethling
was born. South African swimmer
1978 – Reggie Wayne
was born. American football player
1982 – Katie Feenstra
was born. American basketball player.
1982 – Eduard Tubin
dies (b. 1905). Estonian composer
1983 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation
1985 – The first edition of Phrack
is released. It became the oldest computer underground magazine still running after its 20 years of existence.
Emil Constantinescu wins presidential elections in Romania
2003 – Arthur Conley
dies (b. 1946). American singer.
2003 – Don Gibson
dies (b. 1928). American singer and songwriter.