0694 – Hispano-Visigothic king Egica
accuses Jews of aiding Moslems, and sentences all Jews to slavery.
0959 – Constantine VII
dies (b.0905). Byzantine Emperor
1187 – Emperor Gaozong
of China dies (b. 1107)
1208 – Sancha of Castile
dies (b. 1155). Queeen of Alfonso II of Aragon
1282 – Pope Martin IV
excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon
1414 – Albert III
was born (d. 1486). Margrave of Brandenburg.
1492 – Peace of Etaples
between Henry VII
& Charles VIII
1494 – Family de’ Medici
become rulers of Florence
1504 – King Ferdinand II of Aragon
dies (b. 1452)
1520 – Swedish King Christian II
executes 82 in the Stockholm Bloodbath
1522 – Martin Chemnitz
was born (d. 1586). German theologian
1623 – William Camden
dies (b. 1551). English historian.
1641 – Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand
dies. Governor of the Netherlands and Bishop of Toledo
1664 – Henry Wharton
was born (d. 1695). English writer
1670 – Pedro Mascarenhas
was born (d. 1745). Captain-General of Índia
1721 – Mark Akenside
was born (d. 1770). English poet and physician.
1729 – Spain, France & England sign the Treaty of Seville
, ending a 2-year war.
1731 – Benjamin Banneker
was born (d. 1806). American scientist : mathematician, clockmaker, surveyor, almanac author, and astronomer.
1766 – Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer
dies (b. 1692). Dutch composer.
1770 – John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll
dies. Scottish politician
1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte
leads the Coup
of 18 Brumaire
‘s rise to power and the end of the French Revolution
1802 – Elijah P. Lovejoy
was born (d. 1837). American abolitionist.
1802 – Thomas Girtin
dies (b. 1775). English artist
1812 – Paul Abadie was born. French master builder who renovated the Notre Dame)
1818 – Ivan Turgenev
was born (d. 1883). Russian writer ( Fathers and Sons)
1825 – A.P. Hill
was born (d. 1865). American Confederate general.
1835 – Emile Gaboriau was born (Author of French detective novels)
1841 – Edward VII
was born (d. 1910) . King of England
, who succeeded his mother Victoria
1848 – Robert Blum
dies executed in Vienna (b. 1810). German politician and member of the National Assembly.
1851 – Kentucky
marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank
from Jeffersonville, Indiana
, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
1853 – Stanford White
was born (d. 1906). American architect of Madison Square Garden
and Washington Arch
1862 – American Civil War
General Ambrose Burnside
assumes command of the Army of the Potomac
, after George McClellan
1869 – Marie Dressler
was born (d. 1934). Canadian actress.
1872 – The Great Boston Fire of 1872
that destroyed nearly 800 buildings.
1877 – Enrico De Nicola
was born (d. 1959). Italian politician.
1877 – Allama Iqbal
was born (d. 1938). Indian philosopher and poet.
1879 – Milan Sufflay
was born (d. 18 Feb 1931). Croatian politician.
1880 – Sir Giles Gilbert Scott
was born (d.1960). English architect.
1883 – Edna May Oliver
was born (d. 1942). American actress.
1885 – Velimir Khlebnikov
was born (d. 1922). Russian writer.
1885 – Hermann Weyl
was born (d. 1955). German mathematician.
1886 – Ed Wynn
was born (d. 1966). American Emmy Award
1887 – The United States
receives rights to Pearl Harbor
1888 – Jack the Ripper
kills Mary Jane Kelly, his last known victim.
1888 – Jean Monnet
was born (d. 1979). French economist, internationalist.
1889 – D. Manuel II was born. Last King of Portugal.
1889 – Ruy Barbosa
escreve artigo intitulado Plano contra a Pátria que infla os ânimos em direção à Proclamação da República
1892 – Mabel Normand
was born (d. 1930). American actress.
1895 – Mae Marsh
was born (d. 1968). American actress.
1897 – Ronald George Wreyford Norrish
was born (d. 1978). British chemist, Nobel Prize
1901 – Marta Brunet was born. Chilean writer and diplomat.
1902 – Anthony Asquith
was born (d. 1968). British film director.
1905 – Erika Mann
was born (d. 1969). German writer.
1906 – Theodore Roosevelt
is the first sitting President of the United States
to make an official trip outside the country (to inspect progress on the Panama Canal
1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt
departed for Panama
aboard the battleship Louisiana
, on the first official foreign trip in history by a U.S. president.
1907 – The Cullinan Diamond
is presented to King Edward VII
on his birthday.
1911 – Dinah Silveira de Queiroz was born (d. 1982). Brazilian writer.
1911 – Howard Pyle
dies (b. 1853). American author and illustrator.
1911 – George Claude of France applied for a patent on neon advertising signs.
1913 – Hedy Lamarr
(Hedwig Kiessler), Austrian-born American actress.
1915 – Carl Fallberg
was born (d. 1996). American cartoonist.
1915 – Hedy Lamarr
was born (d. 2000). Austrian actress.
1915 – Sargent Shriver
was born. U.S. Vice Presidential candidate.
1917 – Leninists dissolve the Workers Soviets in the People’s Commisariat of Posts and Telegraphs in Russia
1918 – Germany
‘s Kaiser Wilhelm II
announced he would abdicate, then fled to the Netherlands
just two days before the signing of the Armistice.
1918 – Spiro Agnew
was born (d. 1996). Vice President of the United States
1918 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany
abdicates after the German Revolution
, and Germany
is proclaimed a Republic
1918 – Kurt Eisner
, Provisional National Council Minister-President, declares Bavaria
to be a republic
1918 – Guillaume Apollinaire
dies (b. 1880). French poet .
1922 – Eva Todor
was born. Hungarian-born Brazilian actress
1923 – Dorothy Dandridge
was born (d. 1965). American actress.
1923 – Alice Coachman
was born. American athlete
1923 – In Munich
, policeman and troops crush the Beer Hall Putsch
coup attempt by the Nazi Party
1923 – The Beer Hall Putsch
led by Adolf Hitler
ended after 16 Nazis were killed on a march toward the Marienplatz in the centre of Munich
1923 –Alice Coachman
, the first African American woman to win an Olympic gold medal, was born in Albany, Georgia.
1924 – Society for Human Rights, first gay rights organization in U.S., founded in Chicago
1925 – The SS
(Schutzstaffel or “Protection Squad)” was formed in Germany
1928 – Anne Sexton
was born (d. 1974). American poet who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1967.
1929 – Imre Kertész
was born. Hungarian writer, Nobel Prize
laureate in 2002.
1932 – Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland
kill 12 and injure 60.
1934 – Ingvar Carlsson
was born. Swedish politician
1934 – Carl Sagan
was born (d. 1996). American astronomer and Pulitzer Prize
1935 – Bob Gibson
was born. Baseball player.
1935 – United Mine Workers
president John L. Lewis
and other labor leaders formed the Committee for Industrial Organization
1936 – Mikhail Tal
was born (d. 1992). Latvian chess player.
1936 – Daniel Robert Graham
was born. Governor of Florida
1937 – Roger McGough
was born. English performance poet (“The Scaffold
1937 – Japanese troops take control of Shanghai
1937 – Ramsay MacDonald
, dies (b. 1866). Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1938 – Kristallnacht
, Nazi Germany
‘s first large-scale act of physical anti-Jewish violence, begins.
1938 -Beginning on this night, called Kristallnacht
(“Crystal Night” or “Night of Broken Glass”), some 48 hours of Nazi
-orchestrated anti-Jewish violence erupted throughout Germany and Austria, resulting in the destruction and vandalizing of synagogues and Jewish businesses, along with the deaths of at least 91 Jews.
– Brasil: Carlos Coimbra da Luz (presidente da Câmara dos Deputados) assume a presidência da República
1956 – Paolo Rossi was born. Italian football player.
1959 – Thomas Quasthoff
was born. German bass-baritone
1959 – Tony Slattery
was born. British actor and comedian.
1964 – Eisaku Sato becomes premier of Japan
1965 – Bryn Terfel
was born. Welsh baritone
1965 – Several U.S. states
and parts of Canada
are hit by a series of blackouts
lasting up to 13 hours in the Northeast Blackout of 1965
1965 – Catholic Worker member Roger Allen LaPorte
, protesting against the Vietnam War
, sets himself on fire in front of the United Nations
1965 – The Great Northeast Blackout took place in all of New York
State, portions of seven neighboring states, and parts of eastern Canada
, as they were hit by a series of power failures lasting up to 13.5 hours.
1966 – Stefen Edberg was born. Swedish tennis star
1967 – USA: The “Rolling Stone” magazine published its 1st issue. John Lennon was on the cover.
1967 – Apollo program
launches the unmanned Apollo 4
test spacecraft from Cape Kennedy
1967 – Tomás Alcaide dies. Portuguese tenor.
1968 – Início simbólico das obras da Ponte Rio-Niterói
1968 – Nazzareno Carusi
was born. Italian pianist
1969 – 78 Native Americans take over Alcatraz Island, San Francisco, CA
1970 – Chris Jericho
was born. American professional wrestler
1970 – Susan Tedeschi
was born. American musician
1970 – Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States
to not hear a case to allow Massachusetts
to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
1970 – Charles de Gaulle
dies (b. 1890). President of France
1970 – Fench World War II general and statesman Charles de Gaulle died at the age of 79.
1971 – John List
, an accountant from Westfield, New Jersey
murders his mother, wife and three children. He then hides under a new identity for 18 years.
1972 – Corin Tucker
was born. American singer (Sleater-Kinney
1972 – Bones discovered by the Leakey family of anthropologists set human origins 1 million years earlier than previously determined.
1974 – Alessandro Del Piero
was born. Italian footballer
1976 – Paul W. Neville
was born. American author
1978 – Sisqó
was born. American actor and singer (Dru Hill
1979 – Martin Taylor
was born. English footballer.
1983 – Altemar Dutra
dies (b. 1940). Brazilian singer.
1983 – Alfred Heineken
, beer brewer from Amsterdam
, was kidnapped and held for a ransom of more than $10 million.
1984 – District 925 workers at Equitable Life Assurance win first union contract in insurance industry
1984 – Delta Goodrem
was born. Australian singer, songwriter, and actress
1985 – USSR A new chess phenomenom emerged on the world stage when World chess master Anatoly Karpov lost his title to dissident Soviet Gary Kasparov. Kasparov was then 22 and the youngest world chess champion ever.
1986 – Romania
: Ellection of Patriarch Teoctist Arapasu/Theoctis
1989 – Turgut Ozal assumes the presidency of Turkey.
2001 – Giovanni Leone dies. President of Italy (1971-1978).
2002 – William Schutz
2003 – Art Carney
dies (b. 1918). American actor
2003 – Gordon Onslow Ford
dies (b. 1912). English painter.
2003 – During the holy month of Ramadan
, a suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh
, Saudi Arabia
, kills 17 people.
2003 – Rebel Youth Network
Organizing Committee formed in Toronto
2004 – Iris Chang
dies (b. 1968). American author.
2004 – Mozilla Firefox
1.0 released. This has become one of Microsoft Internet Explorer
‘s biggest competitors.
2004 – The Xbox
game Halo 2
is released, bringing in US$75 million from pre-orders alone.
Dedication of the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano
of the Pope
(memorial feast day of the Roman Catholic Church
November 9th is often called Germany
(day of fate) due to the events of 1848, 1918, 1923, 1938 and 1989.
The British neo-Nazi
“November 9th Society
” takes its name from the Munich Beer Hall Putsch Cambodia
: National Day/Independence Day (from France
Feast day of St. Theodore the Recruit, St. Vitonus or Vanne, and St. Benignus or Benen.Morocco
: Wax Festival.