0676 – Donus becomes Pope replacing Pope Adeodatus II
1082 – Emperor Huizong of China was born (d. 1135)
1327 – King James II of Aragon dies ( b. 1267)
1470 – Edward V was born. King of England.
1483 – Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham dies (b. 1454). English politician
1618 – Archduke Maximilian III of Austria dies (b. 1568)
1636 – Edward Colston was born (d. 1721). English merchant and philanthropist.
1667 – James Sobieski was born (d. 1721). Crown Prince of Poland.
1692 – Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer was born (d. 1766). Dutch composer.
1699 – Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin was born (d. 1779). French painter.
1716 – Engelbert Kaempfer dies (b. 1651). German physician and traveler
1721 – Pedro I foi proclamado Czar de Todas as Rússias.
1734 – Daniel Boone was born (d. 1820). American frontiersman.
1739 – Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf was born (d. 1799). Austrian composer.
1741 – Joan van der Capellen tot den Pol was born (d. 1784). Dutch politician
1755 – Marie Antoinette was born (d. 1793). Queen of France
1766 – Joseph Radetzky von Radetz was born (d. 1858). Austrian field marshal
1772 – American Revolutionary War: Samuel Adams and Joseph Warren form the first Committee of Correspondence.
1783 – In Rocky Hill, New Jersey, US General George Washington gives his “Farewell Address to the Army”.
1795 – James Knox Polk was born (d. 1849). 11th President of the United States
1808 – Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly was born (d. 1889). French writer
1814 – George Boole was born (d. 1864). English mathematician and philosopher
1821 – Sir George Bowen was born (d. 1899). Governor of Queensland and Victoria (Australia) and of New Zealand and Hong Kong at various times
1844 – Mehmed V was born (d. 1918). Ottoman Sultan
1847 – Georges Sorel was born (d. 29 Aug 1922). French philosopher and sociologist.
1861 – American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Fremont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter.
1863 – Theodore Judah dies (b. 1826). American railroad engineer
1865 – Warren G. Harding was born (d. 19213). 29th President of the United States
1868 – Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally, and is perhaps the first country to do so.
Piro was born (d. 1933). Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul
1877 – Victor Trumper was born (d. 1915). Australian international test cricketer
1877 – Teixeira de Pascoaes was born (d. 1952). Portuguese poet and writer
1877 – Friedrich Graf von Wrangel dies (b. 1784). Prussian field marshal
1887 – Jenny Lind dies (b. 1820). Swedish soprano
1889 – North and South Dakota are admitted as the 39th and 40th U.S. states.
1894 – Alexander Lippisch was born (d. 1976). German scientist.
1897 – Vito Genovese was born (d. 1969). American gangster.
1898 – George Goyder dies (b. 1826). English-born surveyor-general of South Australia
1899 – The Boers started their 118 day siege of British held Ladysmith during the Boer War.
1902 – Rudolph Albert von Kölliker dies. Swiss biologist
1904 – Louis Eugène Félix Néel was born (d. 2000). French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1906 – Daniil Andreev was born (d. 1959). Russian poet, writer, and mystic.
1906 – Luchino Visconti was born. Italian film director ( Damned, Death in Venice)
1910 – Enrique Molina was born. Argentine poet.
1908 – Fred Bakewell was born (d. 1983). English cricketer
1911 – Odysseus Elytis was born (d. 1996). Greek writer, Nobel Prize laureate in 1979
1913 – Burt Lancaster was born (b. 1994). American actor
1917 – Zionism: The Balfour Declaration proclaims support for Jewish settlement in Palestine.
1919 – Jorge de Sena was born in Lisbon (d. 4 Jun 1978). Portuguese writer and poet
1920 – In the United States, KDKA of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania starts broadcasting as the first commercial radio station. The first broadcast was the results of the U.S. presidential election, 1920.
1927 – Steve Ditko was born. American artist
1929 – Muhammad Rafiq Tarar was born. President of Pakistan
1929 – Richard E. Taylor was born. American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1930 – Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
1931 – Juan Zorrilla San Martín dies. Uruguyan poet.
1935 – Jock Cameron dies (b. 1905). South African cricketer.
1936 – Jack Starrett was born (d. 1989). American actor and director
1936 – The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established.
1936 – Italian dictator Benito Mussolini proclaims the Rome-Berlin Axis, establishing the alliance of the Axis Powers.
1936 – the British Broadcasting Corporation initiates the BBC Television Service, the world’s first regular, high-definition (then defined as at least 200 lines) service. Renamed BBC1 in 1964, the channel still runs to this day.
1938 – Pat Buchanan was born. American journalist and politician
1938 – Queen Sofia of Spain was born
1941 – Bruce Welch was born. Rhythm guitarist and songwriter (The Shadows)
1942 – Shere Hite was born. American author
1942 – Stefanie Powers was born. American actress
1944 – Keith Emerson was born. British keyboard player and composer (Emerson, Lake & Palmer)
1944 – Thomas Midgley dies (b. 1889). American chemist and inventor.
1945 – Costa Rica e Libéria são admitidas como Estados-Membros da ONU
1946 – Giuseppe Sinopoli was born (d. 2001). Italian conductor and composer (d. 2001)
1946 – Alan Jones was born. Australian Formula One racing car driver
1946 – Marieta Severo was born. Brazilian actress. Marieta Severo
1947 – In California, Designer Howard Hughes performs the maiden flight of the Spruce Goose; the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built.
1948 – U. S. presidential election, 1948: Harry S. Truman defeats Thomas E. Dewey for the US presidency.
1950 – George Bernard Shaw dies (b. 1856). Irish writer, Nobel Prize laureate in 1925
1958 – Willie McGee was born. Baseball player
1959 – Said Aouita was born. Moroccan athlet.
1959 – Quiz show scandals: “Twenty-One” game show contestant Charles Van Doren admits to a Congressional committee that he had been given questions and answers in advance.
1959 – Ice Hockey: After being struck in the face with a puck, goalkeeper Jacques Plante returns to play wearing a protective mask for the first time in professional play.
1959 – The first section of the M1 motorway, the first in Britain, was opened between the present junctions 5 and 18.
1960 – Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity in the Lady Chatterley’s Lover case
1960 – Dimitri Mitropoulos dies (b. 1896). Greek conductor, pianist and composer
1961 – James Thurber dies (b. 1894). American humorist
1961 – k.d. lang was born. Canadian singer
1963 – South Vietnamese President Ngo Dihn Diem is assassinated following a military coup.
1963 – Ngo Dihn Diem dies (b. 1901). President of South Vietnam
1964 – King Saud of Saudi Arabia was deposed by a family coup, and replaced by his half-brother King Faisal.
1965 – Shahrukh Khan was born. Indian actor
1966 – Tim Kirkman was born. American filmmaker
1966 – The Cuban Adjustment Act enters force, allowing 123,000 Cubans the opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the United States.
1966 – Peter Debye dies (b. 1884). Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1967 – Vietnam War: US President Lyndon B. Johnson and “the Wise Men”conclude that the American people should be given more optimistic reports on the progress of the war.
1969 – Reginald Arvizu was born. American bassist (KoЯn)
1973 – Marisol Nichols was born. American actress.
1974 – 78 die as the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after club official barred the doors after the fire started.
1975 – Pier Paolo Pasolini dies (b. 1922). Italian film director
1976 – U.S. presidential election, 1976: Jimmy Carter defeats incumbent Gerald Ford to become first candidate from deep south to win since the Civil War.
1980 – Diego Lugano was born. Uruguyan football player
1982 – Channel 4 in the United Kingdom was launched.
1983 – US President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating Martin Luther King Day.
1984 – Capital punishment: Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962.
1984 – Velma Barfield dies executed (b. 1932). American murderer.
1986 – Lara Sacher was born. Australian actress
1986 – Erika Jo was born. American musician
1986 – Paul Frees dies (b. 1920). American voice actor
1988 – The Morris worm, the first internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, was launched from MIT.
1990 – Moçambique: Nova Constituição que consagra o multipartidismo e a economia de mercado.
1991 – Bartholomew I becomes the Patriarch of Constantinople.
1991 – Jermaine Jackson‘s single Word to the Badd!, which attacks his brother Michael, is leaked to radio station KPWR in Los Angeles.
1995 – Álvaro Gómes Hurtado dies assassinated in Bogotá. Colombian journalist, diplomat and politician. President of Colombia ( 24 Nov 1982 – 5 Sep 1984).
2000 – The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.
2001 – Monsters, Inc. debuts with the best ticket sales ever for an animated film.
2002 – Tonio Selwart dies (b. 1896). German actor
2002 – Charles Sheffield dies (b. 1935). American author and physicist.
2004 – Theo van Gogh dies shot (b. 1957). Dutch filmmaker (Submission). His murderer, Mohammed Bouyeri [08 Mar 1978~], was on 26 July 2005, sentenced to life in prison.
2004 – Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahayan dies (b. 1918). President of the United Arab Emirates
2004 – President George W. Bush wins U.S. Presidential Election over John Kerry.
Catholicism – All Souls Day / Dia dos fiéis defuntos, conhecido popularmente por Dia de finados.
Ancient Latvia – Dveselu Diena held
Rastafari movement – The coronation of Haile Selassie celebrated
Mexico and the United States – Day of the Dead (Spanish: El Dia de los Muertos), a Mexican and Mexican-American celebration of dead ancestors