1066 – Death of St. Edward, “the Confessor,” King of England
1195 – Morte Gualdim Pais (1118-1195), mestre da Ordem dos Templários em Portugal, e companheiro de Afonso Henriques, primeiro rei de Portugal .
1282 – Nichiren
Daishonin, founder of the Nichiren School of Buddhism
, dies. His ashes are interred at Taisekiji Temple.
1296 – Ílhavo
de D. Dinis
1307 – All Knights Templar
are simultaneously arrested by agents of Phillip the Fair
, to be later tortured into “admitting” heresy
1381 – Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel
was born (d. 1415). English politician
1399 – Coronation of Henry IV as King of England
1415 – Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel
dies (b. 1381). English military leader.
1453 – Edward of Westminster
was born (d. 1471).Prince of Wales
1474 – Mariotto Albertinelli
was born (d. 1515). Italian painter.
1508 – Edmund de Ros, 11th Baron de Ros
dies (b. 1446). English politician.
Início do pontificado do Papa Paulo III
1563 – Francesco Caracciolo was born. Italian religious founder and saint (Caracciolini).
1566- Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork
was born (d. 1643). Irish politician.
1582 – Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar
this day does not exist in this year in Italy
1605 – Theodore Beza
dies (b. 1519). French theologian.
1613 – Nasce D. Luísa Francisca de Gusmão, rainha de Portugal (esposa de D. João IV)
1789 – Manuel Eduardo de Gorostiza was born. Mexican writer.
1792- In Washington, DC
, the cornerstone of the United States
Executive Mansion (known as the White House
since 1818) is laid.
1812 – War of 1812
: Battle of Queenston Heights
– On the Niagara
frontier in Ontario, Canada
, United States
forces under General Stephen Van Rensselaer
are repulsed from invading Canada
and native troops led by Sir Isaac Brock
1812 – Sir Isaac Brock
dies, killed in battle (b. 1769). British general.
1815 – Joachim Murat
dies executed (b. 1767). French marshal and King of Naples
1821 – Rudolf Virchow
was born (d. 1902). German physician, pathologist, biologist, and politician.
1825 – King Maximilian I of Bavaria
dies (b. 1756)
1843 – In New York City
, Henry Jones
and 11 others found B’nai B’rith
(the oldest Jewish
service organization in the world).
1845 – A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas
approve a proposed constitution, that if accepted by the U.S. Congress
, will make Texas
a U.S. state
1853 – Lillie Langtry
was born (d. 1929). British actress.
1862 – Mary Kingsley
was born (d. 1900). English writer and explorer.
1869 – Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve
dies (b. 1804). French literary critic.
1876 – Rube Waddell
was born (d. 1914). Baseball player.
1882 – Arthur de Gobineau
dies (b. 1816). French philosopher.
1884 – Greenwich was established as universal time meridian of longitude.
1887 – Charles Stevenson was born in Sacramento, California (d. 4 Jul 1943). American actor.
1927 – Turgut Özal was born. President of Turkey (1989-1993)
1930 – Bispo de Leiria
torna público, oficialmente, as aparições de Fátima
1931 – Eddie Mathews
was born (d. 2001). Baseball player
1934 – Nana Mouskouri
was born. Greek singer
1938 – Hugo Young
was born (d. 2003). English journalist.
1938 – Em Lisboa, inauguração da Igreja de Nossa Senhora de Fátima, da autoria de Pardal Monteiro.
1938 – Morre o desenhador e cartoonista americano Elzie Segar, inventor do marinheiro Popeye.
1940 – Pharoah Sanders
was born. American saxophonist
1941 – Paul Simon
was born. American singer, songwriter, and guitarist [ duo: Simon and Garfunkel: Bridge Over Troubled Water, Homeward Bound, I Am a Rock, Mrs. Robinson, Scarborough Fair, The Sounds of Silence, Cecilia
; solo: Mother and Child Reunion, Me and Julio, Kodachrome, 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover, Slip Slidin’ Away
; LP: Graceland; Wonderful World [with Art Garfunkel, James Taylor]; Rock and Roll Hall of Famer; in film: Annie Hall ]
1942 – Jerry Jones
was born. American football team owner.
Morte da Venerável Alexandrina – Alexandrina Maria da Costa (Portugal)
1956 – Chris Carter
was born. American television producer
1959 – Marie Osmond
was born. American singer, actress, and television personality
1960 – 1960 World Series
: Baseballer Bill Mazeroski
becomes the first person to end a World Series
with a home run
1961 – Amílcar Cabral dirige uma carta aberta ao governo português reclamando a independência da Guiné e do arquipélago de Cabo Verde.
1962 – Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
opens on Broadway
1962 – Kelly Preston
was born. American actress (For Love and Honor, Cheyenne Warrior, Double Cross, Love is a Gun, Only You, The Perfect Bride, Amazon Women on the Moon)
; actor John Travolta’s wife
1962 – Jerry Rice
was born. American football star
1964 – Nie Haisheng
was born. Chinese astronaut.
1966 – Clifton Webb
dies (b. 1889). American actor.
1978 – Katie Walder was born. American actress.
1978 – Swaziland’s new constitution promulgated bans political parties
1979 – Rebecca Clarke
dies (b. 1886). English composer and violist.
1980 – Ashanti
wa born. American musician
1980 – Argentine Adolfo Pérez Esquivel receives the Nobel Peace Prize.
1980 – Magne Hoset
was born. Norwegian footballer.
1981 – Voters in Egypt participated in a referendum to elect Vice President Hosni Mubarak the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
1982 – Mexican Alonso García Robles receives the Nobel Peace Prize.
1982 – Ian Thorpe
was born. Australian swimmer.
1983 – The Space Shuttle Challenger, carrying seven, the largest crew to date, landed safely at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
1983- Ameritech Mobile Communications
) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago.
1991 – Daniel Oduber Quirós dies. Presidente of Costa Rica (1974-1978)
1994 – Kenzabuto Oe, Japanese novelist, won the Noble prize for literature. His work included “An Echo of Heaven.”
1995 – British physicist Joseph Rotblat and the anti-nuclear group he founded, the Pugwash Conference, were named winners of the 1995 Nobel Peace Prize.
1998 – The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Robert B. Laughlin of Stanford, Horst L. Stormer of Columbia Univ. and Daniel C. Tsui of Princeton for their work on the fractional quantum Hall effect where groups of electrons act as if they are quarks.
1998 – The Nobel Prize in chemistry went to Walter Kohn of UC Santa Barbara and John Pople (d.2004) of Northwestern Univ. for their work in computational chemistry.
1999 – Golpe militar no Paquistão
1999 – Robert A. Mundell (66), a Canadian born professor at Columbia Univ., won the Nobel Prize in Economics for his study of cross-border capital flows, flexible foreign exchange rates, and supply side economics.
1999 – France legalized same sex unions under legislation called “civil solidarity pacts” pushed through by the Socialist-dominated National Assembly.
1999 – The United States Senate
rejects ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
2000 – Kim Dae-jung
, President of South- Korea, received the Nobel Peace Prize
for his efforts to make peace with North Korea.
2001 – Anthrax was confirmed in 3 US states. In Florida 5 more employees tested positive; in Nevada a letter sent to a Microsoft office tested positive; and in NYC a letter sent to NBC News tested positive.
2002 – Stephen Ambrose
dies (b. 1936). American historian and biographer.