Nothingandall

Just another WordPress.com weblog

On this day in History – Oct. 09 Outubro 8, 2005

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 11:59 pm
0709 – Death of Abd’ul Malik, Caliph.
1000 – Leif Ericson discovers Vinland, becoming the first known European to set foot in North America.
1047 – Pope Clement II dies (b. 1005)
1201 – Robert de Sorbon was born (d. 1274). French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne
1238 – James I of Aragon conquered Valencia and founded the Kingdom of Valencia.
1253 – Robert Grosseteste dies. English statesman and bishop
1261 – King Dinis of Portugal was born (d. 1325)
1390 – Death of John I ( Castile). /Morre Rei João I de Castela, de uma queda de cavalo (n. 1358)
1514 – Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor
1547 – Miguel Cervantes is baptized. Spanish novelist best known for El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha . In English translation: Don Quixote
1555 – Justus Jonas dies (b. 1493). German protestant reformer
1562 – Gabriele Falloppio dies (b. 1523). Italian anatomist
1569 – Vladimir of Staritsa dies (b. 1533). Russian prince.
1581 – Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac was born (d. 1638). French mathematician
1582 – Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1585 – Heinrich Schütz was born. German composer.
1586 – Archduke Leopold V of Austria was born (d. 1632). Regent of Tyrol
1597 – Ashikaga Yoshiaki dies (b. 1537). Japanese shogun.
1635 – Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he spoke out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.
1688 – Claude Perrault dies (born 1613). Architect, physician and physicist. He was the architect of the oldest building of the Paris Observatory when it was founded in 1667 by King Louis XIV
1691 – William Sacheverell dies (b. 1638). English statesman.
1701 – The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook, Connecticut.
1704 – Johann Andreas von Segner was born (d. 5 Oct 1777). German physicist and mathematician who recognized the surface tension of liquids.
1709 – Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland dies (b. 1640). English mistress of Charles II of England
1729 – Richard Blackmore dies (b. 1654). English physician and writer .
1740 – D. Luís da Cunha dies (b. 1662). Portuguese diplomat.
1757 – King Charles X of France was born (d. 1836)
1771 – The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.
1776 – Father Francisco Palou founds Mission San Francisco de Asis in what is now San Francisco, California.
1781 – Nascimento de Dionisio de Herrera. Presidente de Honduras (1824-1827)
1793 – Jean Joseph Marie Amiot dies (b. 1718). French missionary
1796 – Joseph Bonomi the Younger was born (d. 1878). English Egyptologist.
1801 – Auguste-Arthur de La Rive was born (d. 1873). Swiss physicist who was one of the founders of the electrochemical theory of batteries
1806 – Benjamin Banneker dies (b. 9 Nov 1731). American astronomer, mathematician, author and clockmaker
1812 – War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships; the HMS Detroit and the HMS Caledonia.
1818 – Francisco Navarro Villoslada was born. Spanish writer.
1820 – Guayaquil declared independence from Spain.
1831 – Capo d’Istria was assassinated.
1831 – John Capodistria dies (b. 1776). Governor of Greece.
1833 – Eugen Langen was born (d. 2 Oct 1895). German engineer who pioneered in building internal-combustion engines
1835 – Camille Saint-Saëns was born (d. 1921). French composer
1840 – Simeon Solomon was born (d. 1905). British artist
1841 – Antonio López de Santa Ana assume (pela 6º vez) a presidência do México
1852 – Hermann Emil Fischer was born (d. 15 Jul 1919). German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate in 1902, in recognition of his investigations of the sugar and purine groups of substances.
1853 – Nasce José do Patrocínio (m. 1905). Jornalista, orador, poeta e romancista brasileiro.
1855 – The sewing machine motor was patented by Isaac Singer of New York
1855 – The first calliope is patented by Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Massachusetts.
1859 – Alfred Dreyfus was born (d. 1935). French military officer
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Tom’s BrookUnion cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Tom’s Brook, Virginia.
1871 – The Great Chicago Fire is brought under control.
1873 – Karl Schwarzschild was born (d. 1916). German physicist and astronomer
1873 – Charles Walgreen was born (d. 1939). American entrepreneur.
1873 – Karl Schwarzschild was born (d. 11 May 1916). German theoretical astrophysicist, born in Frankfurt, Germany, who made both practical and theoretical contributions to 20th-century astronomy
1874 – General Postal Union was created as a result of the Treaty of Berne.
1879 – Max von Laue was born (d. 23 Apr 1960). German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate in 1914 for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays in crystals
1885 – Nascia, no Funchal, ilha da Madeira, Francisco Franco de Sousa (m. 15 Fev 1955). Escultor português.
1886 – Rube Marquard was born (d. 1980). Baseball player
1888 – Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin was born (d. 1938). Russian politician.
1888 – The Washington Monument officially opens to the general public.
1890 – Aimee Semple McPherson was born (d. 1944). American evangelist.
1890 – It is reported, however without evidence, French electrical engineer Clément Ader was the first person to actually fly an airplane, but his steam-powered bat-like plane, “Eole”, only rose a few inches off the ground. Ader coined the french word “avion” for aircraft. It is said to mean Appareil Volant Imitant les Oisaux Naturels: Flying Machine Imitating Natural Birds
1892 – Ivo Andrić was born (d. 1975). Croatian writer
1892 – Marina Tsvetaeva was born (d. 1941). Russian poet.
1893 – Nasce, em S. Paulo, Mário de Andrade (m. 1945). Escritor brasileiro e idealizador da Semana de Arte Moderna
1900 – Alastair Sim was born (d. 1976). Scottish actor.
1900 – Ismael Nery was born. Brazilian painter. Pioneer of the surrealism in Brazil
1906 – Joseph Farwell Glidden dies (b. 18 Jan 1813). A native of New Hampshire, Glidden was an Illinois farmer when he developed the design of the first commercial barbed wire, patented 24 Nov 1874, a product that would transform the West
1906 – Léopold Sedar Senghor was born. Poet and President of Senegal (1960-1980)
1907 – Quintin Hogg was born (d. 2001). British politician.
1909 – Jacques Tati was born (d. 4 Nov 1982). Academy Award-winning director: Mon Oncle [1958];
1909 – Donald Coggan was born (d. 2000). Archbishop of Canterbury
1911 – Joe Rosenthal was born. American photographer
1911 – Morte de Antonio Borrero y Cortázar . Presidente do Equad (1875-1876)
1914 – World War I: Siege of AntwerpAntwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
1915 – Clifford M. Hardin, United States Secretary of Agriculture
1916 – Jean Dausset was born. French physician and imunologist
1918 – O príncipe Friedrich Karl é eleito rei da Finlândia
1919 – Black Sox scandal: The Cincinnati Reds “win” the World Series.
1920 – Jens Bjørneboe was born (d. 1976). Norwegian author
1923 – Fyvush Finkel was born. American actor.
1924 – Valery Bryusov dies (b. 1873). Russian writer and critic.
1928 – Einojuhani Rautavaara was born. Finnish composer.
1932 – Karl (Immanuel Eberhard) von Goebel dies (b. 8 Mar 1855). German botanist whose Organographie der Pflanzen (1898-1901; Organography of Plants, 1900-05) clarified the principles of the science of plant morphology in relation to form and structure.
1933 – Meteor shower: a great unpredicted meteor shower was seen from Europe that surprised astronomers. Dr. W.J. Fisher, a Harvard astronomer, identified the Giacobini-Zinner comet as the cause
1933 – Peter Mansfield was born. British physician.
1934 – King Alexander I of Yugoslavia dies assassinated (b. 1888)
1934 – Louis Barthou dies assassinated (b. 1862). Prime Minister of France
1936 – Brian Blessed was born. English actor
1936 – Generators at Boulder Dam (later renamed to Hoover Dam) begin to transmit electricity from the Colorado River 266 miles to Los Angeles, California.
1938 – Heinz Fischer was born. Austrian politician
1938 – the radio altimeter is first demonstrated in New York by Bell Labs, in the first public display of the device that gives pilots the height of an aircraft above the local terrain by bouncing radio signals off the ground to give a reliable altitude reading, thus changing aviation forever.
1940 – John Lennon was born (d. 1980). British musician and songwriter (The Beatles)
1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain – During a nighttime air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul’s Cathedral is pierced by a bomb.
1941 – Trent Lott was born. American politician.
1941 – Helen Morgan dies (b. 1900). American singer and actress
1941 – Panamá: um golpe de estado leva ao poder Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia.
1942 – Statute of Westminster Adoption Act formalizes Australian autonomy.
1943 – Pieter Zeeman dies (b. 1865). Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate in 1902 (shared with Hendrik A. Lorentz ) for his discovery of the Zeeman effect.
1944 – World War II: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin begin a nine-day conference in Moscow to discuss the future of Europe.
1944 – John Entwistle was born (d. 2002). British musician (The Who)
1944 – Nona Hendryx was born. American singer (LaBelle)
1944 – Peter Tosh was born (d. 1987). Jamaican musician
1946 – Tansu Çiller was born. Turkish prime minister
1946 – the Simmons Company of Petersburg, Va., manufactured the first electric blanket. Its price was $39.50.
1948 – Jackson Browne was born. American musician
1950 – Jody Williams was born. American who was the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
1950 – Demetrio Herrera Sevillano dies. Panamanian poet.
1950 – Robert Wuhl was born. Emmy Award-winning writer: The 63rd Annual Academy Awards [1991], The 64th Annual Academy Awards [1992]; actor: A Kiss Goodnight, Cobb, The Bodyguard, Batman, Bull Durham, Good Morning Vietnam, Flashdance
1952 – Sharon Osbourne was born. English music manager and wife of Ozzy Osbourne
1953 – Tony Shalhoub was born. American actor
1954 – Scott Bakula was born. American television actor
1955 – Theodor Cardinal Innitzer dies (b. 1875). Archbishop of Vienna
1956 – Marie Doro dies (b. 1882). American actress
1957 – Neil H. McElroy was sworn in as the 6th Secretary of Defense of United States.
1958 – Michael Pare was born. American actor.
1958 – Pope Pius XII ( Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli) dies (b. 1876); 261st pope.
1959 – Sir Henry Tizard dies (b. 1885). Scientist and administrator. Around 1920, with David Pye, his work on aircraft fuels ultimately led to the octane rating system, which expresses the anti-knocking characteristics of the fuel.
1961 – Tanganyika becomes independent within the British Commonwealth
1962 – Milan Vidmar dies (b. 1885). Slovenian electrical engineer and chess player.
1962 – Uganda becomes an independent republic from Great-Britain.
1962 – Jorge Burruchaga was born. Argentine football player.
1963 – Edward Mutesa assume a presidência de Uganda
1963 – In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
1964 – Guillermo del Toro was born. Mexican actor and film director.
1967 – A day after being caught, Che Guevara (b. 1928) is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia.
1967 – André Maurois dies. French writer (b. 1885).
1967 – Gordon Allport dies (b. 11 Nov 1897). Humanistic psychologist and educator who developed trait theory in an original theory of personality.
1967 – Gheorge Popescu was born. Romanian footbal player
1969 – In Chicago, Illinois, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection to the trial of the “Chicago Eight” (trial started on September 24).
1969 – Students from the University of the Philippines formed the first Upsilonian Congress and established the Upsiloan Alpha Beta Grand Fraternity in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines.
1969 – P.J. Harvey was born. English musician
1969 – Amy Grissom was born. American artist and social worker
1970 – Kenny Anderson was born. American basketball player
1970 – Savannah was born (d. 1994). American actress
1970 – Annika Sörenstam was born. Swedish golfer
1970 – The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.
1971 – Michael Manna was born. American professional wrestler
1971 – Simon Atlee was born (d. 2004). British Photographer, most notable person killed in the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake
1972 – Miriam Hopkins dies (b. 1902). American actress.
1972 – Emerson Fittipaldi torna-se campeão do mundo de Fórmula 1.
1973 – Steven Burns was born. Actor and musician.
1974 – Oskar Schindler dies (b.28 Apr 1908). German businessman who saved Jews
1975 – Sean Lennon was born. English musician
1975 – Nobel Peace Prize is attributed to the soviet dissident, physician Andreï Dmitrievitch Sakharov in recognition of his struggle against “the abuse of power and violations of human dignity in all its forms.”
1978 – Nicky Byrne was born. Irish musician (Westlife)
1978 – Juan Dixon was born. American basketball player
1978 – Jacques Brel dies (b. 1929). Belgian musician
1981 – Darius Miles was born. American basketball player.
1981 – Abolição da pena de morte em França.
1982 – Anna Freud dies (b. 3 Dec 1895). Austrian scientist, psychoanalyst [The ego and mechanisms of defense (1936) ]
1985 – Emílio Garrastazu Médici dies (b. 1905). President of Brazil
1985 – The hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise liner surrender after the ship arrives in Port Said, Egypt.
1985 – Henriqueta Lisboa dies. Brazilian writer.
1986 – Laure Manaudou was born. French swimmer.
1986 – United States District Court Judge Harry E. Claiborne becomes the fifth federal official to be removed from office through impeachment.
1987 – Clare Boothe Luce dies (b. 1903). American diplomat
1987 – Guru Gopinath dies (b. 1908). Indian classical dancer
1987 – William Parry Murphy dies. American physician, Nobel Prize in Medicine laureate in 1934.
1988 – Valencia (Espanha) : São inauguradas as primeiras linhaas subterraneas de metro.
1988 – Felix Wankel dies (b. 13 Aug 1902). German engineer who invented the first rotary internal combustion engine (Wankel Rotary Combustion Engines and Vehicles)
1989 – Penny Lernoux dies (b. 1940). American journalist and author
1989 – An official news agency in the Soviet Union reports the landing of a UFO in Voronezh.
1989 – In Leipzig, East Germany, 70,000 protesters demand the legalization of opposition groups and democratic reforms.
1990 – Géza Ottlik dies (b. 1912). Hungarian writer
1991 – Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1991 – Em Bruxelas, o escritor português Vergílio Ferreira é distinguido com o Prémio Europália/91.
1992 – A 13 kilogram (est.) meteorite lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family’s 1980 Chevrolet Malibu.
1995 – An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona.
1995 – Alec Douglas-Home dies 8b. 1903). Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1996 – Walter Kerr dies (b. 1913). American theater critic.
1996 – Robert F. Curl Jr., Richard E. Smalley, and Sir Harold W. Kroto, share the Nobel Prize in chemistryfor their discovery of fullerenes“. Three US scientists, David M. Lee, 65, Douglas D. Osheroff, 51, and Robert C. Richardson, 59, win the physics prizefor their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3“.
1997 – Renúncia do primeiro-ministro da Itália, Romano Prodi.
1999 – João Cabral de Melo Neto . Brazilian poet and diplomat. Camões Prize in 1990.
2000 – David Dukes dies (b. 1945). American actor
2000 – The Nobel Prize in Medicine for 2000 is shared by Arvid Carlsson, 77, Paul Greengard, 74, and Eric Kandel, 70, for their pioneering discoveries concerning one way brain cells send messages to each other, called “slow synaptic transmission.” These discoveries have been crucial for understanding how the brain normally works. In addition, the work laid the groundwork for developing the standard treatment for Parkinson’s disease and contributed to the development of a class of antidepressants that includes Prozac.
2001 – Dagmar dies (b. 1921). American television personality
2001 – Roberto Campos dies (b. 1917). Brazilian economist.
2001 – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announces that it has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2001 jointly to Eric A. Cornell, 39 (JILA and National Institute of Standards and Technology , Boulder, Colorado), Carl E. Wieman, 50 (JILA and University of Colorado, Boulder), and to Wolfgang Ketterle, 43, (German, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts) “for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates”.
2002 – After losing a massive amount of ground during the summer of 2002, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 7,286.27, its lowest level in five years. The NASDAQ also hit a six-year low of 1,114.11.
2002 – The 2002 Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel is announced to go by halves to Daniel Kahneman (US Israel) “for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty” and to Vernon L. Smith (US) “for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms”
2004 – Jo Brauner resign as the anchor of German Tagesschau news show after 30 years.
2004 – Democratic elections held for the first time in Afghanistan.
2004 – The tri-annual federal election is held in Australia and Liberal Party of Australia leader, John Howard, wins a fourth term as Prime Minister in a landslide victory over opponent, Mark Latham of the Australian
Labor Party.
2004 – Afghanistan: Interim president Hamid Karzai [24 Dec 1957~] a Pashtun, wins 55% of the vote in the Afghan presidential election.
2004 – Criação ou nascimento na blogosfera de Eu sei que vou-te amar. Deixo aqui os meus parabéns pela passagem do 1º. aniversário, e recomendo a sua visita.
2004 – Portugal cede um surpreendente empate na deslocação ao Liechtenstein 2-2 em jogo do Grupo 3 de qualificação para o Campeonato do Mundo de futebol.
Hangul DaySouth Korea: celebrating the invention of Hangul, the native Korean phonetic alphabet.
Leif Erikson DayUnited States: celebrating the first European landing in North America
 

On this day in History – Oct. 09

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 11:59 pm
0709 – Death of Abd’ul Malik, Caliph.
1000 – Leif Ericson discovers Vinland, becoming the first known European to set foot in North America.
1047 – Pope Clement II dies (b. 1005)
1201 – Robert de Sorbon was born (d. 1274). French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne
1238 – James I of Aragon conquered Valencia and founded the Kingdom of Valencia.
1253 – Robert Grosseteste dies. English statesman and bishop
1261 – King Dinis of Portugal was born (d. 1325)
1390 – Death of John I ( Castile). /Morre Rei João I de Castela, de uma queda de cavalo (n. 1358)
1514 – Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor
1547 – Miguel Cervantes is baptized. Spanish novelist best known for El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha . In English translation: Don Quixote
1555 – Justus Jonas dies (b. 1493). German protestant reformer
1562 – Gabriele Falloppio dies (b. 1523). Italian anatomist
1569 – Vladimir of Staritsa dies (b. 1533). Russian prince.
1581 – Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac was born (d. 1638). French mathematician
1582 – Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1585 – Heinrich Schütz was born. German composer.
1586 – Archduke Leopold V of Austria was born (d. 1632). Regent of Tyrol
1597 – Ashikaga Yoshiaki dies (b. 1537). Japanese shogun.
1635 – Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he spoke out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.
1688 – Claude Perrault dies (born 1613). Architect, physician and physicist. He was the architect of the oldest building of the Paris Observatory when it was founded in 1667 by King Louis XIV
1691 – William Sacheverell dies (b. 1638). English statesman.
1701 – The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook, Connecticut.
1704 – Johann Andreas von Segner was born (d. 5 Oct 1777). German physicist and mathematician who recognized the surface tension of liquids.
1709 – Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland dies (b. 1640). English mistress of Charles II of England
1729 – Richard Blackmore dies (b. 1654). English physician and writer .
1740 – D. Luís da Cunha dies (b. 1662). Portuguese diplomat.
1757 – King Charles X of France was born (d. 1836)
1771 – The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.
1776 – Father Francisco Palou founds Mission San Francisco de Asis in what is now San Francisco, California.
1781 – Nascimento de Dionisio de Herrera. Presidente de Honduras (1824-1827)
1793 – Jean Joseph Marie Amiot dies (b. 1718). French missionary
1796 – Joseph Bonomi the Younger was born (d. 1878). English Egyptologist.
1801 – Auguste-Arthur de La Rive was born (d. 1873). Swiss physicist who was one of the founders of the electrochemical theory of batteries
1806 – Benjamin Banneker dies (b. 9 Nov 1731). American astronomer, mathematician, author and clockmaker
1812 – War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships; the HMS Detroit and the HMS Caledonia.
1818 – Francisco Navarro Villoslada was born. Spanish writer.
1820 – Guayaquil declared independence from Spain.
1831 – Capo d’Istria was assassinated.
1831 – John Capodistria dies (b. 1776). Governor of Greece.
1833 – Eugen Langen was born (d. 2 Oct 1895). German engineer who pioneered in building internal-combustion engines
1835 – Camille Saint-Saëns was born (d. 1921). French composer
1840 – Simeon Solomon was born (d. 1905). British artist
1841 – Antonio López de Santa Ana assume (pela 6º vez) a presidência do México
1852 – Hermann Emil Fischer was born (d. 15 Jul 1919). German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate in 1902, in recognition of his investigations of the sugar and purine groups of substances.
1853 – Nasce José do Patrocínio (m. 1905). Jornalista, orador, poeta e romancista brasileiro.
1855 – The sewing machine motor was patented by Isaac Singer of New York
1855 – The first calliope is patented by Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Massachusetts.
1859 – Alfred Dreyfus was born (d. 1935). French military officer
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Tom’s BrookUnion cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Tom’s Brook, Virginia.
1871 – The Great Chicago Fire is brought under control.
1873 – Karl Schwarzschild was born (d. 1916). German physicist and astronomer
1873 – Charles Walgreen was born (d. 1939). American entrepreneur.
1873 – Karl Schwarzschild was born (d. 11 May 1916). German theoretical astrophysicist, born in Frankfurt, Germany, who made both practical and theoretical contributions to 20th-century astronomy
1874 – General Postal Union was created as a result of the Treaty of Berne.
1879 – Max von Laue was born (d. 23 Apr 1960). German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate in 1914 for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays in crystals
1885 – Nascia, no Funchal, ilha da Madeira, Francisco Franco de Sousa (m. 15 Fev 1955). Escultor português.
1886 – Rube Marquard was born (d. 1980). Baseball player
1888 – Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin was born (d. 1938). Russian politician.
1888 – The Washington Monument officially opens to the general public.
1890 – Aimee Semple McPherson was born (d. 1944). American evangelist.
1890 – It is reported, however without evidence, French electrical engineer Clément Ader was the first person to actually fly an airplane, but his steam-powered bat-like plane, “Eole”, only rose a few inches off the ground. Ader coined the french word “avion” for aircraft. It is said to mean Appareil Volant Imitant les Oisaux Naturels: Flying Machine Imitating Natural Birds
1892 – Ivo Andrić was born (d. 1975). Croatian writer
1892 – Marina Tsvetaeva was born (d. 1941). Russian poet.
1893 – Nasce, em S. Paulo, Mário de Andrade (m. 1945). Escritor brasileiro e idealizador da Semana de Arte Moderna
1900 – Alastair Sim was born (d. 1976). Scottish actor.
1900 – Ismael Nery was born. Brazilian painter. Pioneer of the surrealism in Brazil
1906 – Joseph Farwell Glidden dies (b. 18 Jan 1813). A native of New Hampshire, Glidden was an Illinois farmer when he developed the design of the first commercial barbed wire, patented 24 Nov 1874, a product that would transform the West
1906 – Léopold Sedar Senghor was born. Poet and President of Senegal (1960-1980)
1907 – Quintin Hogg was born (d. 2001). British politician.
1909 – Jacques Tati was born (d. 4 Nov 1982). Academy Award-winning director: Mon Oncle [1958];
1909 – Donald Coggan was born (d. 2000). Archbishop of Canterbury
1911 – Joe Rosenthal was born. American photographer
1911 – Morte de Antonio Borrero y Cortázar . Presidente do Equad (1875-1876)
1914 – World War I: Siege of AntwerpAntwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
1915 – Clifford M. Hardin, United States Secretary of Agriculture
1916 – Jean Dausset was born. French physician and imunologist
1918 – O príncipe Friedrich Karl é eleito rei da Finlândia
1919 – Black Sox scandal: The Cincinnati Reds “win” the World Series.
1920 – Jens Bjørneboe was born (d. 1976). Norwegian author
1923 – Fyvush Finkel was born. American actor.
1924 – Valery Bryusov dies (b. 1873). Russian writer and critic.
1928 – Einojuhani Rautavaara was born. Finnish composer.
1932 – Karl (Immanuel Eberhard) von Goebel dies (b. 8 Mar 1855). German botanist whose Organographie der Pflanzen (1898-1901; Organography of Plants, 1900-05) clarified the principles of the science of plant morphology in relation to form and structure.
1933 – Meteor shower: a great unpredicted meteor shower was seen from Europe that surprised astronomers. Dr. W.J. Fisher, a Harvard astronomer, identified the Giacobini-Zinner comet as the cause
1933 – Peter Mansfield was born. British physician.
1934 – King Alexander I of Yugoslavia dies assassinated (b. 1888)
1934 – Louis Barthou dies assassinated (b. 1862). Prime Minister of France
1936 – Brian Blessed was born. English actor
1936 – Generators at Boulder Dam (later renamed to Hoover Dam) begin to transmit electricity from the Colorado River 266 miles to Los Angeles, California.
1938 – Heinz Fischer was born. Austrian politician
1938 – the radio altimeter is first demonstrated in New York by Bell Labs, in the first public display of the device that gives pilots the height of an aircraft above the local terrain by bouncing radio signals off the ground to give a reliable altitude reading, thus changing aviation forever.
1940 – John Lennon was born (d. 1980). British musician and songwriter (The Beatles)
1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain – During a nighttime air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul’s Cathedral is pierced by a bomb.
1941 – Trent Lott was born. American politician.
1941 – Helen Morgan dies (b. 1900). American singer and actress
1941 – Panamá: um golpe de estado leva ao poder Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia.
1942 – Statute of Westminster Adoption Act formalizes Australian autonomy.
1943 – Pieter Zeeman dies (b. 1865). Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate in 1902 (shared with Hendrik A. Lorentz ) for his discovery of the Zeeman effect.
1944 – World War II: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin begin a nine-day conference in Moscow to discuss the future of Europe.
1944 – John Entwistle was born (d. 2002). British musician (The Who)
1944 – Nona Hendryx was born. American singer (LaBelle)
1944 – Peter Tosh was born (d. 1987). Jamaican musician
1946 – Tansu Çiller was born. Turkish prime minister
1946 – the Simmons Company of Petersburg, Va., manufactured the first electric blanket. Its price was $39.50.
1948 – Jackson Browne was born. American musician
1950 – Jody Williams was born. American who was the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
1950 – Demetrio Herrera Sevillano dies. Panamanian poet.
1950 – Robert Wuhl was born. Emmy Award-winning writer: The 63rd Annual Academy Awards [1991], The 64th Annual Academy Awards [1992]; actor: A Kiss Goodnight, Cobb, The Bodyguard, Batman, Bull Durham, Good Morning Vietnam, Flashdance
1952 – Sharon Osbourne was born. English music manager and wife of Ozzy Osbourne
1953 – Tony Shalhoub was born. American actor
1954 – Scott Bakula was born. American television actor
1955 – Theodor Cardinal Innitzer dies (b. 1875). Archbishop of Vienna
1956 – Marie Doro dies (b. 1882). American actress
1957 – Neil H. McElroy was sworn in as the 6th Secretary of Defense of United States.
1958 – Michael Pare was born. American actor.
1958 – Pope Pius XII ( Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli) dies (b. 1876); 261st pope.
1959 – Sir Henry Tizard dies (b. 1885). Scientist and administrator. Around 1920, with David Pye, his work on aircraft fuels ultimately led to the octane rating system, which expresses the anti-knocking characteristics of the fuel.
1961 – Tanganyika becomes independent within the British Commonwealth
1962 – Milan Vidmar dies (b. 1885). Slovenian electrical engineer and chess player.
1962 – Uganda becomes an independent republic from Great-Britain.
1962 – Jorge Burruchaga was born. Argentine football player.
1963 – Edward Mutesa assume a presidência de Uganda
1963 – In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
1964 – Guillermo del Toro was born. Mexican actor and film director.
1967 – A day after being caught, Che Guevara (b. 1928) is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia.
1967 – André Maurois dies. French writer (b. 1885).
1967 – Gordon Allport dies (b. 11 Nov 1897). Humanistic psychologist and educator who developed trait theory in an original theory of personality.
1967 – Gheorge Popescu was born. Romanian footbal player
1969 – In Chicago, Illinois, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection to the trial of the “Chicago Eight” (trial started on September 24).
1969 – Students from the University of the Philippines formed the first Upsilonian Congress and established the Upsiloan Alpha Beta Grand Fraternity in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines.
1969 – P.J. Harvey was born. English musician
1969 – Amy Grissom was born. American artist and social worker
1970 – Kenny Anderson was born. American basketball player
1970 – Savannah was born (d. 1994). American actress
1970 – Annika Sörenstam was born. Swedish golfer
1970 – The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.
1971 – Michael Manna was born. American professional wrestler
1971 – Simon Atlee was born (d. 2004). British Photographer, most notable person killed in the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake
1972 – Miriam Hopkins dies (b. 1902). American actress.
1972 – Emerson Fittipaldi torna-se campeão do mundo de Fórmula 1.
1973 – Steven Burns was born. Actor and musician.
1974 – Oskar Schindler dies (b.28 Apr 1908). German businessman who saved Jews
1975 – Sean Lennon was born. English musician
1975 – Nobel Peace Prize is attributed to the soviet dissident, physician Andreï Dmitrievitch Sakharov in recognition of his struggle against “the abuse of power and violations of human dignity in all its forms.”
1978 – Nicky Byrne was born. Irish musician (Westlife)
1978 – Juan Dixon was born. American basketball player
1978 – Jacques Brel dies (b. 1929). Belgian musician
1981 – Darius Miles was born. American basketball player.
1981 – Abolição da pena de morte em França.
1982 – Anna Freud dies (b. 3 Dec 1895). Austrian scientist, psychoanalyst [The ego and mechanisms of defense (1936) ]
1985 – Emílio Garrastazu Médici dies (b. 1905). President of Brazil
1985 – The hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise liner surrender after the ship arrives in Port Said, Egypt.
1985 – Henriqueta Lisboa dies. Brazilian writer.
1986 – Laure Manaudou was born. French swimmer.
1986 – United States District Court Judge Harry E. Claiborne becomes the fifth federal official to be removed from office through impeachment.
1987 – Clare Boothe Luce dies (b. 1903). American diplomat
1987 – Guru Gopinath dies (b. 1908). Indian classical dancer
1987 – William Parry Murphy dies. American physician, Nobel Prize in Medicine laureate in 1934.
1988 – Valencia (Espanha) : São inauguradas as primeiras linhaas subterraneas de metro.
1988 – Felix Wankel dies (b. 13 Aug 1902). German engineer who invented the first rotary internal combustion engine (Wankel Rotary Combustion Engines and Vehicles)
1989 – Penny Lernoux dies (b. 1940). American journalist and author
1989 – An official news agency in the Soviet Union reports the landing of a UFO in Voronezh.
1989 – In Leipzig, East Germany, 70,000 protesters demand the legalization of opposition groups and democratic reforms.
1990 – Géza Ottlik dies (b. 1912). Hungarian writer
1991 – Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1991 – Em Bruxelas, o escritor português Vergílio Ferreira é distinguido com o Prémio Europália/91.
1992 – A 13 kilogram (est.) meteorite lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family’s 1980 Chevrolet Malibu.
1995 – An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona.
1995 – Alec Douglas-Home dies 8b. 1903). Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1996 – Walter Kerr dies (b. 1913). American theater critic.
1996 – Robert F. Curl Jr., Richard E. Smalley, and Sir Harold W. Kroto, share the Nobel Prize in chemistryfor their discovery of fullerenes“. Three US scientists, David M. Lee, 65, Douglas D. Osheroff, 51, and Robert C. Richardson, 59, win the physics prizefor their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3“.
1997 – Renúncia do primeiro-ministro da Itália, Romano Prodi.
1999 – João Cabral de Melo Neto . Brazilian poet and diplomat. Camões Prize in 1990.
2000 – David Dukes dies (b. 1945). American actor
2000 – The Nobel Prize in Medicine for 2000 is shared by Arvid Carlsson, 77, Paul Greengard, 74, and Eric Kandel, 70, for their pioneering discoveries concerning one way brain cells send messages to each other, called “slow synaptic transmission.” These discoveries have been crucial for understanding how the brain normally works. In addition, the work laid the groundwork for developing the standard treatment for Parkinson’s disease and contributed to the development of a class of antidepressants that includes Prozac.
2001 – Dagmar dies (b. 1921). American television personality
2001 – Roberto Campos dies (b. 1917). Brazilian economist.
2001 – The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announces that it has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2001 jointly to Eric A. Cornell, 39 (JILA and National Institute of Standards and Technology , Boulder, Colorado), Carl E. Wieman, 50 (JILA and University of Colorado, Boulder), and to Wolfgang Ketterle, 43, (German, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts) “for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates”.
2002 – After losing a massive amount of ground during the summer of 2002, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 7,286.27, its lowest level in five years. The NASDAQ also hit a six-year low of 1,114.11.
2002 – The 2002 Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel is announced to go by halves to Daniel Kahneman (US Israel) “for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty” and to Vernon L. Smith (US) “for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms”
2004 – Jo Brauner resign as the anchor of German Tagesschau news show after 30 years.
2004 – Democratic elections held for the first time in Afghanistan.
2004 – The tri-annual federal election is held in Australia and Liberal Party of Australia leader, John Howard, wins a fourth term as Prime Minister in a landslide victory over opponent, Mark Latham of the Australian
Labor Party.
2004 – Afghanistan: Interim president Hamid Karzai [24 Dec 1957~] a Pashtun, wins 55% of the vote in the Afghan presidential election.
2004 – Criação ou nascimento na blogosfera de Eu sei que vou-te amar. Deixo aqui os meus parabéns pela passagem do 1º. aniversário, e recomendo a sua visita.
2004 – Portugal cede um surpreendente empate na deslocação ao Liechtenstein 2-2 em jogo do Grupo 3 de qualificação para o Campeonato do Mundo de futebol.
Hangul DaySouth Korea: celebrating the invention of Hangul, the native Korean phonetic alphabet.
Leif Erikson DayUnited States: celebrating the first European landing in North America
 

Já está. Portugal no Mundial Fifa 2006

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 9:55 pm
Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Portugal 2 – 1 Liechtenstein

Muitos erros, de muita gente, mas este Liechtenstein …

Este jogo com o Liechtenstein teve aspectos de surrealismo. Muita gente parecia que não queria ganhar : guarda-redes, capitão, árbitro e treinador. Parece incrível mas mesmo assim Portugal ganhou. Porquê? Porque jogamos contra o Liechtenstein!

Comecemos pelo subtítulo:

a) Ricardo é chamado a intervir três vezes, teve três erros : um golo e quase mais dois – num a bola foi para fora no outro foi o corpo de um avançado que travou o caminho da bola para o fundo da baliza.

b) O árbitro: Inacreditável não ter visto uma grande defesa com a mão (braço estendido por cima da cabeça) dum defesa do Liechtenstein a evitar um golo e atirar a bola para canto – seria penalty e expulsão com o resultado em 0-1 – para além de outras falhas.

c)Figo : Impensável aquela falta de concretização de um penalty que daria 2-1 para Portugal. Ás vezes o guarda-redes defende, agora nem sequer acertar na baliza!

d)Scolari : Não se percebe a confusão tactica e a falta de decisão em mexer na equipa. Só um ponta de lança Pauleta isolado no meio da defesa do Liechtenstein e excesso de extremos. Ninguém a fazer o papel de coordenador de jogo. Substituições de contenção e só aos 82′ é que faz entrar Nuno Gomes! Depois a teoria do pontinho foi tão levada a sério que Portugal quase perdia.

E assim está quase feita a história do jogo. Não interessa muito relatar as oportunidades de golo que Portugal (jogando mal) ainda conseguiu criar e desperdiçar, mas se Portugal vai para a fase final com este nível de preparação técnico-téctica-psicológica, acontecer-lhe-á muito pior do que aconteceu nos Estados Unidos.

Agora que já estamos na Alemanha esperemos que na 4ª. feira com a Letónia seja bem melhor.

 

A Grécia está fora do Mundial 2006

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 8:05 pm

A Grécia, campeã da Europa, acaba de perder por 1-0 frente à Dinamarca, em Copenhaga e está fora do Mundial da Alemanha. O golo foi marcado aos 76′ Gravgaard. Karagounis jogador do Benfica jogou a titular na selecção grega.

 

FIFA 2006 Qualifying round – Europe – Oct. 8

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 7:32 pm

Qualifying round – October 8 – local time
Results

Group 1
Finland 0 – 1 Romania (41′ (pen) Mutu )
Czech Republic 0 – 2 Netherlands (30′ Van der Vaart, 37′ Opdam)

1. Netherlands 31 points 11 games Qualified
2. Romania 25 p. 12 g.
3. Czech Republic 24 p. 11 g.

Next Wednesday Finland-Czeck Repulic will decide who will go second and will play the “play-off”

Group 2
Ukraine 2 – 2 Albania (45′ Shevchenko, 86′ Rotan; / 75′ and 82′ Bogdani)
Georgia 0 – 0 Kazakhstan
Denmark 1 – 0 Greece (39′ Gravgaard )

1. Ukraine 25 points 12 games Qualified
2. Turkey 20 p. 11 g
3. Denmark 19 p. 11 g.
4. Greece 18 p. 11 g.

To decide the second place, next Wednesday
Albania – Turkey
Greece – Georgia
Kazakhstan -Denmark

Group 3
Slovakia 1 – 0 Estonia ( 76′ Hlinka; )
Russia 5 – 1 Luxembourg (7′ Izmailov, 18′ Kerzhakov 65′, Pavlyuchenko 75′, 90′ Kirichenko;/52′ (pen) Reiter)
Portugal 2 – 1 Liechtenstein (48′ Pauleta, 85′ Nuno Gomes; / 32′ Fisher)

1. Portugal 27 points 11 games Qualified
2. Slovakia 22 p. 11 g.
3. Russia 22 p. 11 g.

Slovakia-Russia will decide the second place who will play the “play-off”

Group 4
Cyprus 0 – 1 Republic of Ireland (6′ Elliot)
Switzerland 1 – 1 France (79′ Thuram (own goal); 52′ Cissé )
Israel 2 – 1 Faroe Islands (1′ Benayoun 90′ Zandberg ; 90’+ 1′ Samuelsen )

1. Israel 18 points 10 games
2. Switzerland 17 p. 9 games
3. France 17 p. 9 g.
4. R. Ireland 16 p. 9 g.

Republic of Ireland – Switzerland
France – Cyprus

Group 5
Scotland 0 -1 Belarus (5′ Kutuzov)
Norway 1 – 0 Moldova (49′ Rushfeldt )
Italy 1 – 0 Slovenia ( 77′ Zaccardo )

1. Italy 20 points 9 games Qualified
2. Norway 15 p. 9 g.
3. Slovenia 12 p. 9 g.

Slovenia – Scotland
Italy – Moldova
Belarus – Norway

Group 6
Northern Ireland 2 – 3 Wales (46′ Gillespie 50′ Davis;/ 27′ Davies, 38′ Robinson, 61′ Giggs)
England 1 -0 Austria (6′ Lampard (pen ; David Beckham saw a red car)

1. Poland 24 points 9 games Qualified
2. England 22 p. 9 g. Qualified
3. Austria 12 p. 9 g.

next Wednesday England-Poland

Group 7
Bosnia-Herzegovina 3 – 0 San Marino (48′, 75′ and 85′ Bolic )
Lithuania 0 – 2 Serbia and Montenegro ( 42′ Kezman; 88′ Vukic)
Belgium 0 – 2 Spain ( 56′ and 59′ Torres)

1. Serbia and Montenegro 19 points 9 games
2º. Spain 17 p. 9 g.
3. Bosnia-Herzegovina 16 p. 9 g.

San Marino – Spain
Serbia and Montenegro – Bosnia-Herzegovina
Lithuania – Belgium

Group 8
Bulgaria 2 – 0 Hungary (30′ Berbatov, 55′ Lazarov)
Croatia 1 – 0 Sweden ( 56′ (pen) Srna)

1. Croatia 23 points 9 games
2. Sweden 21 p. 9 g
3. Bulgaria 14 p. 9 g

Malta – Bulgaria
Hungary – Croatia
Sweden – Iceland

Qualified nations Europe : Germany (hosts), Portugal, Netherlands, Ukraine, Italy, Poland, England, Croatia.
Ensured at least play-off: Norway, Sweden.

Qualified nations Africa: Angola, Togo, Gana, Cote Ivory and Tunisia

Qualified Nations Asia : Japan (JPN) , Iran (IRN) Korea Republic (KOR) and Saudi Arabia (KSA)

Qualified nations South-America: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Ecuador (the fifth place will play-off against Australia or Salomon Islands)

North, Central American and Caribbean Zone : United States, Mexico

 

Angola assegura presença no Mundial de futebol da Alemanha

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 6:42 pm
Image Hosted by ImageShack.us
Rwanda 0 – 1 Angola

Sofreu-se mais do que se esperava…

Angola marca presença,pela primeira vez na história, na fase final de um mundial de futebol.

Só dependendo de si, mas com a atenção também sobre o que a Nigéria poderia fazer frente ao Zimbabwe, a selecção angolana começou cautelosa mas não disfarçava o nervosismo. Os locias assumiam mais a iniciativa do jogo e só por volta dos vinte minutos os angolanos equilibraram. O jogo não era muito tecnico (com o relvado em más condições) e as oportunidades escassearam. O resultado de 0-0 ao intervalo justificava-se, muito embora o árbitro marroquino tivesse deixado por assinalar um penalty favorável a Angola por empurrão pelas costas sobre um avançado dos “palancas negras”

Assim sendo a Angola só a vitória interessava. Angola iniciou bem a 2ª. parte mas foi sol de pouca dura. A maior oportunidade até então surgiria para o Ruanda onde uma intervenção incompleta de João (g. redes) permitiu um remate por alto para a a balizxa com a bola a bater na barra. Com o decorrer do tempo Angola tinha de arriscar mais e as substituições foram, nesse sentido. Já com Mantorras no campo nos ultimos vinte minutos Angola a parece finalmente postada em vencer o jogo com os laterais (principalmente o esquerdo) a aparecer no desenho de lances ofensivos e com o Rwanda a recuar mais. Uma desmarcação de Mantorras para a direita permitiu o cruzamento onde no limite da pequena área Akwá pôs em euforia toda uma nação (e também muitos adeptos angolanos presentes no estádio) ao marcar o único golo do desafio.

A partir daí jamais se duvidou do triunfo porquanto os ruandeses não mostraram capacidade principlamente anímica enquanto os angolanos jogavam agora muito bem controlando a bola.

Angola junta-se ao Brasil e esta noite Portugal também vai assegurar, com toda a certeza, a presença na fase final do Mundial Fifa 2006 que se disputa na Alemanha.

 

On this day in History – Oct. 08

Filed under: Uncategorized — looking4good @ 5:53 am

0451 – At Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins (ends on November 1).
0705 – Death of Caliph Abd al-Malik, in Damascus.
1179 – Death of Odo de Saint-Amand, 8th Master of the Templars.
1286 – John I of Dreux dies (b. 1217). Duke of Brittany
1317 – Fushimi dies (b. 1265). Emperor of Japan.
1515 – Margaret Douglas was born (d. 1578). Countess of Lennox.
1515 – Partida da expedição de Juan Díaz de Solís (descobridor do Rio da Prata)
1542 – Rodrigues Cabrilho lands at Santa Monica, California
1582 – Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1600 – San Marino adopts its written constitution.
1604 – The supernova called “Kepler’s nova” is 1st sighted.
1610 – Polish troops capture Moscow.
1621 – Antoine de Montchrétien dies. French dramatist and economist
1647 – Christian Sørensen Longomontanus dies (b. 1562). Danish astronomer.
1652 – John Greaves dies (b. 1602). English mathematician and antiquarian.
1656 – John George I, Elector of Saxony dies (b. 1585)
1659 – Jean de Quen dies. French Jesuit missionary and historian
1676 – Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro was born (d. 1764). Spanish scholar.
1708 – Jean Perronet was born (d. 27 Feb 1794). French civil engineer renowned for his stone-arch bridges, especially the Pont de la Concorde, Paris.
1735 – Yongzheng dies (b. 1678). Emperor of China
1747 – Jean-François Rewbell was born (d. 1807). French politician
1754 – Henry Fielding dies in Lisbon at 47. English novelist and dramatist. His Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon will appear the following year.
1765 – Harman Blennerhassett was born (d. 1831). Irish lawyer
1789 – John Ruggles was born (d. 1874). American politician
1793 – John Hancock dies (b. 1737). American revolutionary and businessman
1818 – John Henninger Reagan was born (d. 1905). American and Confederate politician
1820 – Henri Christophe dies (b. 06 Oct 1767). He was a leader in the war of Haitian independence (1791-1804) and later president (1807-1811) and self-proclaimed King Henry I (1811-1820) of northern Haiti.
1826 – George Garrard dies (b. 31 May 1760). English painter and sculptor.
1834 – Walter Kittredge was born (d. 1905). American musician and composer
1834 – François-Adrien Boieldieu dies (b. 1775). French composer.

1846 – Portugal: Com a prisão do Duque da Terceira, lugar-tenente da Rainha D. Maria II nas províncias do Norte, por José Passos e forças revoltadas de infantaria 6, tem início a Guerra Civil da Patuleia.
1840 – First constitution in Haway is proclaimed.
1850 – Henry-Louis Le Chatelier was born (d. 17 Sep 1936). French chemist who is best known for the principle of Le Chatelier, which makes it possible to predict the effect a change of conditions (temperature, pressure, and concentration of reaction components) will have on a chemical reaction
1862 – American Civil War: Battle of PerryvilleUnion forces under General Don Carlos Buell halt the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating troops led by General Braxton Bragg at Perryville, Kentucky.
1869 – Franklin Pierce dies (b. 1804). 14th President of the United States.
1870 – Louis Vierne was born (d. 1937). French organist
1871 – Three major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Illinois, Peshtigo, Wisconsin, and Holland, Michigan. The Great Chicago Fire is the most famous of these, burning 1,200,000 acres (4,900 km²) in one day, eventually destroying about 17,450 buildings, and killing about 250 people while leaving another 90,000 homeless. The Peshtigo Fire burns 1,200,000 acres (4,900 km²) across six counties in one day and kills 1,200 to 2,500 people, making it the deadliest in United States history. The Holland Fire destroys at least two towns.
1872 – John Cowper Powys was born (d. 17 Jun 1963). Welsh novelist, essayist, and poet. He is known chiefly for his long panoramic novels, including Wolf Solent (1929), A Glastonbury Romance (1932), and Owen Glendower (1940). His other works include an Autobiography (1934) and books of essays such as The Meaning of Culture (1930), The Pleasures of Literature (1938), The Art of Growing Old (1943).
1873 – Ejnar Hertzsprung was born in Copenhagen (d. 21 Oct 1967). Danish astronomer who classified types of stars by relating their surface temperature (or colour) to their absolute brightness
1879 – Ch’en Ch’ien-sheng “Ch’en Tu-hsiu” was born (d. 27 May 1942). Founder of the Chinese Communist Party (May 1920) and a major leader in developing the cultural basis of revolution in China. He was removed from his position of leadership in 1927 and was expelled from the Communist Party in 1929.
1883 – Otto Warburg was born (d. 1 Aug 1970). German biochemist awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1931 for his research on cellular respiration, the process by which substances directly supplied to cells or stored in them are broken down into simpler components while using up oxygen.
1887 – Huntley Gordon was born (d. 1956). Canadian actor
1888 – Ernst Kretschmer was born (d. 8 Feb 1964). German psychiatrist who attempted to correlate body build and physical constitution with personality characteristics and mental illness
1889 – C. E. Woolman was born (d. 1966). American airline founder.
1890 – Edward Rickenbacker was born (d. 1973). American pilot.
1894 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. dies (b. 1809). American physician and writer
1895 – Juan Perón was born (d. 1 Jul 1974). President of Argentina (1946-1955; 1973-1974); married Eva Peron [Evita] who died in 1952; married Maria Estela Martinez aka Isabel, who became Vice President of Argentina in 1973 and then took over the presidency upon the death of her husband [1974];
1895 – Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea, was assassinated.
1895 – Berliner Gramophone Company is founded
1901 – Doris Allen was born (d. 2002). American psychologist.
1901 – Eivind Groven was born (d. 1977).Norwegian composer and ethnomusicologist.
1904 – Clemens Alexander Winkler dies. German chemist who discovered the element germanium (1886).
1906 – Harry Gilbert Day was born. American nutritional biochemist who helped develop (with Joe Muhler and William Nebergall) the fluoride additive used in toothpaste to combat tooth decay
1910 – Kirk Alyn was born (d. 1999). American actor.
1910 – Ray Lewis was born (d. 2003). Canadian runner.
1912 – First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
1913 – Robert Rowe Gilruth was born (d. 17 Aug 2000). American aerospace scientist, engineer, and a pioneer of the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo space programs
1914 – Joseph Déchelette dies (b. 8 Jan 1862). French archaeologist who was an authority on Gallo-Roman and Celtic coins. He wrote Le Manuel d’archéologie préhistorique, celtique et gallo-romaine (1908-14) about the pre-history of France.
1917 – Walter Lord was born (d. 2002). American author.
1917 – Billy Conn was born (d. 1993). American boxer.
1917 – Danny Murtaugh was born (d. 1976). Baseball player and manager.
1917 – Rodney Porter was born (d. 7 Sep 1985). British biochemist who (with Gerald M. Edelman) was awarded the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodies.
1918 – Jens Christian Skou was born. Danish biophysicist who (with Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker) was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1997 for his discovery of the enzyme called sodium-potassium-activated adenosine triphosphatase.
1918 – World War I – In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132.
1918 – Saturnino Hernán dies. Mexican painter.
1920 – Frank Herbert was born (d. 1986). American writer.
1925 – Álvaro Alfredo Magaña Borja was born. President of S. Salvador (1982-1984)
1927 – Jim Elliot was born (d. 1956). American missionary.
1927 – César Milstein was born in Bahía Blanca (d. 24 Mar 2002). Argentine immunologist biochemist. Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984 shared with Niels K. Jerne and Georges J.F. Köhler “for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies”
1927 – Muere Ricardo Güiraldes, en París, autor de “Don segundo sombra”.
1928 – Bill Maynard was born. British actor
1928 – Larry Semon dies (b. 1889). Silent film comedian
1929 – Franklin W. Stahl was born. U.S. geneticist who, in 1958, (with Matthew Meselson) elucidated the mode of replication of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA; the gene substance) a double-stranded helix that dissociates to form two strands, each of which directs the construction of a new sister strand
1932 – Ray Reardon was born. Welsh snooker player
1932 – The Indian Air Force is established.
1936 – William Henry Stark dies (b. 1851). Business leader.
1936 – David Carradine was born. Actor
1938 – Fred Stolle was born. Australian tennis player
1939 – Paul Hogan was born. Australian actor (Crocodile Dundee series, Lightning Jack, Flipper)
1939 – World War II: Germany annexes Western Poland.
1940 – Robert Emden dies (b. 4 Mar 1862). Swiss physicist and astrophysicist who developed a theory of expansion and compression of gas spheres and applied it to stellar structure
1941 – World War II: In their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol.
1941 – Jesse Jackson was born. American clergyman and civil rights activist
1943 – Chevy Chase was born. American comedian and actor
1943 – R. L. Stine was born. American author
1944 – The radio show, The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet debuts
1944 – Wendell Willkie dies (b. 1892). American politician and Presidential candidate
1945 – Felix Salten dies (b. 1869). Austrian author
1946 – Dennis Kucinich was born. U.S. Congressman and Presidential candidate
1947 – Tony Wilson was born. British bassist and singer
1948 – Johnny Ramone was born (d.2004). American guitarist (The Ramones)
1949 – Sigourney Weaver was born. American actress (Gorillas in the Mist, Alien series, Working Girl, Dave, Ghostbusters series, Annie Hall, The Year of Living Dangerously); daughter of Sylvester Pat Weaver
1950 – Robert Kool Bell was born. American musician (Kool & the Gang)
1952 – Jan Marijnissen was born. Dutch politician
1953 – Nigel Bruce dies (b. 1895). British actor
1953 – Kathleen Ferrier dies (b. 1912). British contralto
1956 – Stephanie Zimbalist was born. American actress
1956 – New York Yankees baseball pitcher Don Larsen pitches first (and only) perfect game in World Series history in Game 5 of the 1956 World Series.
1957 – Baseball: Walter O’Malley announces that the Dodgers are going to move from Brooklyn, New York to Los Angeles, California
1959 – Nick Bakay was born.American actor, voice actor, and comedian
1962 – Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes the article “Bedingt abwehrbereit” (“Conditionally prepared for defense”) about a NATO manoeuver called “Fallex 62”, which uncovered the sorry state of the Bundeswehr (Germany’s army) facing the communist threat from the east at the time. The magazine was soon accused of treason.
1962 – Algeria admitted as 109th member of the UN
1964 – CeCe Winans was born. American singer
1965 – Ardal O’Hanlon was born. Irish comedian
1965 – C-Jay Ramone was born. American bassist (The Ramones)
1967 – Guerrilla leader Che Guevara (b. 14 Jun 1928) and his men are captured in Bolivia. He was executed next day.
1967 – Clement Attlee dies (b. 1883). Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1968 – Vietnam War: Operation SealordsUnited States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
1969 – Dylan Neal was born.Canadian actor.
1968 – Zvonimir Boban was born. Croatian football player
1969 – Julia Ann, American porn actress
1970 – Matt Damon was born. American actor ( Saving Private Ryan, Courage Under Fire, Good Will Hunting, The Talented Mr. Ripley, Ocean’s Eleven )
1970 – Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon‘s October 7 peace proposal as “a maneuver to deceive world opinion.”
1970 – Soviet author Alexander Solzhenitsyn (b. 11 Dec 1918) won the Nobel Prize in literature, “for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature.”
1973 – Gabriel Marcel dies (b. 1889). French philosopher.
1976 – Renate Groenewold was born. Dutch speed skater
1978 – Australia‘s Ken Warby sets the current world water speed record of 317.60mph at Blowering Dam, Australia.
1979 – Kristanna Loken was born. American actress and model
1982 – Poland bans Solidarity.
1982 – Fernando Lamas dies (b. 1916).Argentine actor.
1982 – Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker dies (b. 1889). English peace activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1984 – Anne Murray won the Country Music Association’s Album of the Year Award this day for A Little Good News. Murray was the first woman to win this award
1990 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount
1990 – American doctors Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas won the Nobel Prize in medicine, “for their discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease.”
1991- The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
1992 – Willy Brandt dies (b. 1913). Chancellor of Germany, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1992 – West Indian poet Derek Walcott was the winner of the 1992 Nobel Prize in literature, “for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment.”
1996 – American economist William Vickrey (Columbia University) and British professor James Mirrlees (Cambridge University) were winners of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, “for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information.” The 82-year-old Vickrey died October 11, 1996 (three days after the Nobel announcement).
1996 – US economist William Vickrey (b. 21 Jun1914 – d. 11 Oct 1996) and British professor James Mirrlees [05 Jul 1936~] are named co-winners of the 1996 Nobel economics prize.
1998 – Oslo Airport Gardermoen, Norway opens.
1998 – José Saramago (b. 16 Nov 1922), Portuguese novelist is laureate with The Nobel Prize in Literature. In its citation, the Swedish Academy said it gave the award to Saramago for work that “with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us to apprehend an illusory reality.”
1999 – New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Colignay Calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar.
2001 – A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118.
2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security, which will be headed by Tom Ridge.
2001 – The main body of the Russian submarine Kursk, is raised from 108 m down on be Barents Sea floor where it had sunk on 12 August 2000, killing all 116 on board. The salvage operation is conducted from a giant barge with computer-controlled cables by the Dutch companies Mammoet and Smit International, contracted for some $65 million by the Russian government.
2001 – The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet announces that the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2001 is awarded to Leland H. Hartwell (b. 30 Oct 1939~) (USA), Richard Timothy “Tim” Hunt (b.19 Feb 1943~) (UK) and Paul M. Nurse (b.25 Jan 1949~ ) (UK), for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle
2002 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announces the award of the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2002 with one half jointly to Raymond Davis Jr (USA) (b. 14 Oct 1914~), and Masatoshi Koshiba (Japan) (b.19 Sep 1926~) “for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos” and the other half to Riccardo Giacconi (USA) (b. 06 Oct 1931~) “for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources”.
2003 – Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark‘s engagement to Australian lawyer Mary Donaldson is announced
2003 This year’s Nobel Prize for Economics is announced to go to Robert F. Engle “for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)” and to Clive W. J. Granger (b. 1934~) “for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)”. Both laureates are from the US.
2003 – This year’s Nobel Prize for Chemistry is announced to be awarded “for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes”, to Peter Agre [1949~] “for the discovery of water channels” and to Roderick MacKinnon (b. 1956~) “for structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels”. Both laureates are from the US
2004 – Martha Stewart goes to jail.
2004 – Schapelle Corby is arrested for drugs smuggling in Bali.
2004 – Jacques Derrida dies (b. 15 Jul 1930 in Algeria). French Jewish philosopher
2004 It is announced that the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize will go to Kenyan activist Wangari Maathai [01 Apr 1940] “for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace.” One of her achievements is the Green Belt Movement, which she founded in 1977.