1195 – Nascimento de Santo António de Lisboa, ou de Pádua, tendo-lhe sido dado o nome de Fernando de Bulhões.
1248 – Foundation stone of Cologne Cathedral laid
O português José da Gama Machado assume o governo de Macau
1728 – Marin Marais
dies (b. 1656). French composer and viol player.
1769 – Napoleon Bonaparte
was born (d. 1821). French general, politician and emperor of France.
1771 – Walter Scott
was born (d. 1832). Scottish novelist, poet, historian and biographer
1785 – Thomas De Quincey
was born (d. 1859). English author.
1799 – Giuseppe Parini
dies. Italian poet.
1803 – James Douglas
was born in Guyana (d. 2 Aug 1877). Canadian fur trader and colonial governor .
1824 – Freed American slaves form Liberia.
1825 – Nascimento de Bernardo Guimarães, em Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais (m. 10 Mar 1884). Magistrado, jornalista, professor, romancista, poeta. Membro da Academia Brasileira de Letras. ( A Escrava Isaura)
Nascimento de António Enes. Escritor, político e diplomata português.
1855 -Walter Hines Page was born (d. 1918). Ameerican journalist, publisher, author and diplomat.
1858 – E. Nesbit
was born (d. 1924). Author.
1863 – The Satsuma
war begins between the Satsuma clan and Great Britain
(Traditional Japanese date
: July 2, 1863).
Cirilo Antonio Rivarola Acosta assume a presidência do Paraguai.
1872 – Sri Aurobindo
was born (d. 1950). Writer, nationalist, philosopher, and guru.
1877 – Thomas Edison
made the first-ever recording – “Mary Had a Little Lamb”
1879 – Ethel Barrymore
was born (d. 18 Jun 1959). Actress. She was considered the “first lady” of the American theatre.
1887 – Edna Ferber
was born (d. 16 Apr 1968). American novelist, short-story writer, and playwright
1883 – Ivan Meštrović
was born (d. 1962). Croatian sculptor.
1886 – Nasce, em Lisboa, Antonio Silva (m. 3 Mar 1971). Grande actor português. ( O Costa do Castelo, A Menina da Rádio, A Vizinha do Lado, O leão da Estrela, O Grande Elias, O Noivo das Caldas, As Pupilas do Senhor Reitor, etc)
Término do mandato de Gregorio Pacheco na presidência da Bolívia e início do mandato de Aniceto Arce Ruiz na Presidência.
1896 – Gerty Cori
was born in Prague. Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1947
co-laureate with Carl Ferdinand Cori and Bernardo Alberto Houssay (Argentine)
1896 – Sheldon Glueck was born (d. 1980). Polish born American criminologist.
1898 – Lilian Carter
was born in Richland, Georgia (d. 30 Oct 1983). American nurse. Member of the Peace Corps. Mother of Jimmy Carter.
Fundação do Club Atlético Estudiantes – Argentina
1900 – As Legações estrangeiras em Pequim, cercadas pelos Boxers, camponeses chineses conhecido por este nome por pertenceram à Sociedade Harmoniosa dos Punhos, foram socorridos por uma força militar internacional de 15.000 homens, metade dos quais eram japoneses.
1900 – Jan Brzechwa
was born (d. 1966). Polish poet.
1909 – Morte de Euclides da Cunha
(Euclides Rodrigues Pimenta da Cunha). Engenheiro, jornalista, professor, ensaísta, historiador, sociólogo, poeta e Membro da Academia Brasileira de Letras.
Manuel Franco assume a presidência do Paraguai.
Manuel Gondra Pereira assume (pela 2º vez) a presidência do Paraguai.
1922 – Lukas Foss
was born. German-born composer
1923 – Rose Marie
was born. Actress
1924 – Robert Bolt
was born (d. 20 Feb 1995). English screenwriter and dramatist.
1927 – John Cranko was born (d. 26 Jun 1973). South African-born dancer and director of the Stuttgart Ballet.
1928 – Nicolas Roeg
was born. Director.
José Patricio Guggiari Corniglione assume a presidência do Paraguai.
Eusebio Ayala assume (pela 2º vez) a presidência do Paraguai.
1933 – Rita Hunter
was born (d. 29 Apr. 2001). English soprano.
O general Félix Estigarribia (herói da guerra do chaco) é eleito presidente do Paraguai .
1939 – Morre Federico Gamboa, escritor mexicano.
1942 – Peter York was born. Rock drummer, Spencer Davis Group Gimme Some Lovin’, Keep on Runnin’, Somebody Help Me
1942 – SS Ohio
reaches the island of Malta
in Operation Pedestal
barely afloat carrying vital fuel supplies for the island defenses.
1944 – Linda Ellerbee
was born. Journalist
1944 – Allied forces land in southern France
1944 – Sylvie Vartan
was born. French pop singer
1945 – Mahamandaleshwar Paramhans Swami Maheshwarananda
was born. Hindu guru
1945 – Japan surrender unconditionally; Korean Liberation Day; Victory over Japan Day
Japan has surrendered to the Allies after almost six years of war. There is joy and celebration around the world and 15 August has been declared Victory in Japan day.
The end of war will be marked by two-day holidays in the UK, the USA and Australia.
1946 – Jimmy Webb
was born. Musician, composer
1947 – Raakhee Gulzar
was born. Indian actress
1947 – India
gains independence from Britain. Jawaharlal Nehru
takes office as the first Prime Minister of India
1948 – Republic of Korea
established south of 38th Parallel.
Juan Natalicio González Paredes assume a presidência do Paraguai.
1961 – Matt Johnson was born. Rock singer-musician
1962 – Lei Feng
dies. Chinese revolutionary.
1962 – Inauguração do Museu da Marinha – Portugal
O general Alfredo Stroessner inicia o seu terceiro mandato como Presidente do Paraguai
1963 – John Powell dies (b. 1882). American pianist and composer.
1964 – Debi Mazar was born. Actress.
1965 – Jane Fonda / Roger Vadim marriage.
1966 – Angela Rae was born. Country singer (Wild Horses)
1967 – René Magritte
dies (b. 1898). Belgian surrealist painter
1968 – Debra Messing
was born. Actress (”Will and Grace”)
1969 – First day of Woodstock Music and Art Festival
/Início do Festival de Woodstock, num campo perto de Bethel, no estado americano de Nova Iorque. O festival durou três dias, tendo passado pelo palco 24 bandas musicais, que tocaram para mais de 300.000 pessoas .
1970 – Anthony Anderson was born. Actor
1971 – President Richard Nixon
ends convertibility of U.S. dollar
1971 – Paul Lukas
dies. Academy Award
1972 – Ben Affleck
was born. American actor ( Pearl Harbor, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Glory Daze, Good Will Hunting, Armageddon, Forces of Nature, Reindeer Games).
1972 – Mikey Graham was born. Singer (Boyzone)
1976 – Boudewijn Zenden was born. Dutch football player.
1977 – Igor Cassina
was born. Italian gymnast
1977 – The Big Ear
, a radio telescope
operated by The Ohio State University
as part of the SETI
project, receives a radio signal from deep space; the event is named the “WOW!” signal for notation made by a volunteer on the project.
1978 – Foundation of Mirapuri
– The City of Peace and Future Man
1978 – Timothy Foreman was born. Bassist (Switchfoot
1981 – Lionel Richie and Diana Ross hit number one on the pop music charts with their beautiful duet, Endless Love
1990 – Viktor Tsoi
dies. Russian musician (Kino)
1995 – John Cameron Swayze
dies (b. 1906). Journalist
Raúl Alberto Cubas Grau assume a presidência do Paraguai.
Bulgária ratifica o Protocolo de Kyoto
2003 – Gösta Sundqvist
, Finnish songwriter and singer (heart attack) .
2004 – Amarsinh Chaudhary
, politicianEastern Orthodoxy
– Feast of the Dormition
of the Theotokos
, the commemoration of the death of Mary, the mother of Jesus
– Feast day of the Assumption of Mary
, the mother of Jesus, Holy Day of Obligation
. Public Holiday in: Lebanon
, East Timor
, Côte d’Ivoire
– Flooding of the Nile
– Toro Nagashi (Floating Lantern Ceremony) to commemorate the end of the second world warIndia
– Independence DayItaly
– “Ferragosto”, remembrance of an ancient Roman holiday in honor of Augustus (Feriae Augusti)Korea
– Liberation DayLiechtenstein
– Liechtenstein DayPoland
– Polish Armed Forces Day