1401 – Tamerlão (1336-1405), ou Timour Lang, restaurador do império mongol de Gengis Khan, conquista Bagdade.
Início do pontificado do Papa Sixto IV
1483 – Opening of the Sistine Chapel
1593 – Izaak Walton
was born (d. 1683). English angler.
1631 – John Dryden was born at Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire († 1 May 1700). English poet and critic. With his comedies he is regarded as a founder of the “Comedy of Manners”
1648 – Johann Michael Bach
was born (d. 1694). German composer.
1884 – Maiden voyage of the La France. La France was the first steerable airship in the world. With its 9 horsepower electric motor, it successfully completed its maiden voyage, an eight-kilometer round trip over Chalais-Meudon, France. The designers were Charles Renard and A.C. Krebs.
1886 – Samuel Ferguson
dies. Irish poet.
1892 – Thomas Edison
receives a patent
for a two-way telegraph
1896 – Jean Piaget
was born (d. 1980). Swiss psychologist known for his research in developmental psychology. Biology and Knowledge (1971), The Child’s Conception of the World (tr. 1929), The Moral Judgment of the Child (tr. 1932), The Language and Thought of the Child (tr. of 3d ed. 1962), Genetic Epistemology (tr. 1970), and The Development of Thought (tr. 1977).
1896 – Lev Vygotsky
was born (d. 1934). Russian psychologist.
1899 – P. L. Travers
was born (d. 1966). Author.
1899 – Francisco Martins Sarmento
dies in Guimarães (b. 1833). Portuguese archeologist.
1902 – Zino Francescatti
was born (d. 1991). French violinist.
1902 – Edward VII
is crowned king of England following the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1919 – Ernst Haeckel dies. German biologist
who separated the animal kingdom into unicellar and multicellular organisms, and was an enthusiastic supporter
of Darwin’s theories.
1919 – Ruggiero Leoncavallo
1921 – J. James Exon
was born. Nebraska Senator and Governor
1922 – Philip Larkin
was born (d. 1985). English poet.
1927 – Daniel Keyes
was born. Author
1927 – Robert Shaw
was born (d. 1978). Actor.
1928 – Bob Cousy
was born. Hall of fame basketball player and coach of the Boston Celtics
1931 – Nascimento de Mário Jorge Lobo Zagallo . Treinador de futebol brasileiro.
1932 – John Charles Fields dies (b. 14 May 1863). American mathematician
who originated the idea, postumously given his name – for the Fields Medal. It became the most prestigious award
for mathematicians, often referred to as the equivalent of a Nobel Prize for mathematicians
1963 – Manuela Machado
was born in Viana do Castelo. Portuguese marathon runner. Worlds: 1993 silver 1995 Gold 1997 silver; European: 1994 & 1998 Gold Marathon.
1970 – Peruvian Airlines jet carrying 45 US exchange students explodes
1972 – Juanes
was born. Colombian singer.
1995 – A Boeing 737 belonging to Guatemala’s Aviateca airline hit the Chichontepec volcano in El Salvador on a flight from Miami and killed all 65 on board.
Boris Yeltsin was sworn into his second term as president of Russia .
1997 – Morre o sociólogo brasileiro Betinho (Herbert de Sousa) , que liderou campanhas contra a fome no Brasil.
1998 – Morre Francisco Zúñiga, pintor e escultor mexicano.