1109 – Morte de Afonso VI
, rei de Leão e Castela.
1470 – King Charles VIII of France
was born (d. 1498)
1487 – Concebido o Pentateuco
, na cidade de Faro, primeiro livro impresso em Portugal
1520 – Morte do imperador azteca (México) Montezuma II
1607 – Caesar Baronius
, dies (b. 1538). Italian cardinal and historian.
1651 – Battle of Beresteczko
ends with Polish victory.
1662 – Casamento de D. Catarina, filha de D. João IV, com Carlos II de Inglaterra.
1685 – John Gay
, was born (d. 1732). English writer.
1685 – Dominikus Zimmermann
, was born (d. 1766). Master builder.
1775 – Paul de Barras
, was born. Politician (d. 1829)
1789 – Horace Vernet
, was born (d. 1863). Painter and graphic artist.
1793 – Inaugurado o Teatro Nacional de S. Carlos
– Lisboa, Portugal
1795 – A Academia das Ciências de Lisboa foi autorizada a nomear pessoas para a recolha de lápides e inscrições pelo reino.
1798 – Criação da Sociedade Real Marítima, Militar e Geográfica, com fins culturais e científicos , e sobretudo para apoio da feitura da Carta Geral do Reino.
1805 – The U.S. Congress
organizes Michigan Territory
1805 – Morreu o Intendente (Diogo Inácio da) Pina Manique
, fundador da Casa Pia de Lisboa (n. 03 Out 1783)
1807 – Friedrich Theodor von Vischer
, was born (d. 1887). Narrator, lyricist, and philosopher
1817- Joseph Dalton Hooker
, was born (d. 1911). Botanist.
1843 – Ernest Mason Satow
, was born (d. 1929). Author.
1864 – Abraham Lincoln
grants Yosemite Valley
for “public use, resort and recreation.”
1882 – Charles J. Guiteau
, dies. Assassin of President of the United States James A. Garfield
1891 – Man Mountain Dean
, was born (d. 1953). Professional wrestler.
1893 – Walter Ulbricht
, was born (d. 1973). Politician.
1894 – Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
1894 – London Tower Bridge
1898 – Otto von Bismarck, dies (b. 1815). German Leader
1899 – Harry Shields
, was born (d. 1971). Jazz musician.
1905 – Albert Einstein
publishes the article “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies”, where he introduces special relativity
1908 – Tunguska impact event
occurs in Siberia
. Possibly the most powerful, natural explosion in recorded history occurred on this day in 1908 at 7:17 a.m. The site was the Tunguska
section of Central Siberia.
1911 – Czesław Miłosz
, Polish poet (d. 2004). Recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature
1914 – Nasce em Chaves Francisco da Costa Gomes, Presidente da República (1974-1976) e marechal.
1917 – Susan Hayward
, was born (d. 14 Mar 1975). American Academy awarded actress. (1959 Best Actress in a Leading Role
: I want to live; I’ll Cry Tomorrow, Valley of the Dolls)
1917 – Lena Horne
, was born. Actress and singer.
Alfredo Ernesto de Sá Cardoso assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro de Portugal
1926 – Paul Berg
was born in Brooklyn, New York. American biochemist and professor emeritus at Stanford University
. He shared The Nobel Prize e Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1980 “for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant-DNA” with Walter Gilbert and Frederick Sanger.
1927 – Shirley Fry was born . Tennis champion: Australian Open , French Open , Wimbledon , U.S. Open 
1934 – Harry Blackstone Jr.
, was born (d. 1997). Magician.
1934 – Night of the Long Knives
, Adolf Hitler
‘s violent purge of his political rivals in Germany
1934 – Ernst Röhm
, dies. Nazi
1936 – Gone with the Wind
by Margaret Mitchell
1936 – Nancy Dussault
, was born. Actress.
1939 – Peter Bogdanovich
was born in Kingston, New York. American film director.
1943 – Florence Ballard
, was born (d. 1976). American singer (The Supremes
1944 – Raymond Moody
, was born. Parapsychologist
1953 – Charles Miller
, dies. Father of football
1956 – A TWA
Super Constellation and a United Airlines
DC-7 collide above the Grand Canyon
, killing 128.
1958 – Esa-Pekka Salonen
, was born. Finnish conductor and composer
1959 – Vincent D’Onofrio
, was born in Brooklyn, New York. Actor
1959 – Brendan Perry
, was born. Musician (Dead Can Dance
1960 – Congo
gains independence from Belgium
, with Joseph Kasavubu as president and Patrice Lumumba as prime minister.
1961 – Lee DeForest
, dies. American inventor
1962 – Tony Fernandez
, was born. Baseball player.
1963 – Yngwie J. Malmsteen
, was born. Guitarist
1963 – O Papa Paulo VI é coroado o 262º chefe da Igreja Católica Romana.
1966 – Mike Tyson
, was born. World champion boxer
1968 – Philip Anselmo
, was born. Musician.
1969 – Nascimento de Dira Paes
(Ecleitira Maria Fonseca Paes
), actriz brasileira, em Abaetetuba-PA.
1970 – Brazil beats Italy 4-1 in soccer’s 9th World Cup at Mexico City
1971 – Monica Louise Potter
is born in Cleveland, Ohio American actress ( The Young and the Restless, Without Limits, Patch Adams, Along Came a Spider ).
1971 – Viktor Patsayev
, Georgi Dobrovolski
, and Vladislav Volkov
, die. Cosmonauts
on Soyuz 11
1974 – Vannevar Bush
, dies. Engineer and politician
1971- The crew of the Soyuz 11
spacecraft are killed when their air supply escapes through faulty valve.
1971 – The 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, lowering the voting age to 18, ratified as Ohio became the 38th state to approve it.
1973 – Chan Ho Park
, was born. Korean
1975 – Ralf Schumacher
, was born. Race car driver
1976 – Firpo Marberry
, dies. Major League Baseball
1980 – Na Islândia, Vigdis Fihnbogadotir foi a primeira mulher europeia a ser eleita Presidente da República.
1983 – Colonel Muannar Kadhaffi president of Libya (officially his title since 2 March 1979 is ‘Leader of the Revolution’) flies to Rabat for talks with King Hassan II of Morocco (Mawlay al-Hasan II ibn Muhammad). Success ends a 14 year political rift between the two countries and leads to a period (1984-86) of strong political union between the two countries.
1984 – Lillian Hellman
, dies (b. 1905). Playwright.
Diego Maradona é transferido para o Nápoles
1984 – Fantasia Barrino
, was born. Singer
1985 – Michael Phelps
, was born. American swimmer
1985 – Fabiana Vallejos
, was born. Argentine footballer
1990 – East and West Germany merge their economies.
1992 – Fidel Ramos was sworn in as the new president of the Philippines. Joseph Estrada was elected vice-president with twice as many votes in a separate race.
1993 – George “Spanky” McFarland
, dies (b. 1928). Child actor.
1995 – Gale Gordon
, dies (b. 1906). Actor.
1995 – Georgi Beregovoi
, dies (b. 1921). Cosmonaut
1997 – China
resumes sovereignty over the city-state of Hong Kong
, ending 156 years of British colonial
Assinatura de acordo bilateral de “Céus Abertos” entre Estados Unidos e Portugal.
2001 – Chet Atkins
, dies (b. 1924). Country and western
2002 – Brazil
2-0 in Yokohama
, to earn a record fifth title in the 17th Football World Cup
. Ronaldo is the best scorer with 8 goals.
2003 – Buddy Hackett
, dies (b. 1924). American comic.
2003 – Robert McCloskey
, dies (b. 1915). Children’s book writer and illustrator.
2004 – Portugal vence a Holanda por 2-1 e assegura a presença na final do Euro 2004 (Campeonato da Europa de Futebol disputado em Portugal)
2005 – Frode Hallingbye is leaving Eli Lilly to fullfill his dream.Democratic Republic of the Congo
‘s Independence Day