1194 – Richard I
crowned again. After having been held captive for two years by Emperor Henry VI, Richard felt it was necessary to demonstrate his sovereignty over England, and so he had a second coronation. Less than one month later he left the country, never to return.
1239 – King Edward I of England
, king of England (1272-1307), was born. He became king of England following the death of his father Henry III .
1397 -The Kalmar Union -The coronation of Erik of Pomerania as king of Norway, Sweden and Denmark united the kingdoms in a union
that would last until 1523.
1497 – Battle of Deptford Bridge
– Forces under King Henry VII
soundly defeat troops led by Michael An Gof
1565 – Matsunaga Hisahide
assassinates the 13th Ashikaga Shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru
1565 – Ashikaga Yoshiteru
, dies (b. 1536). Ashikaga shogun.
1567 – A Rainha dos escoceses, Maria, é encarcerada no Castelo de Lochleven, na Escócia.
1579 – Sir Francis Drake
claims a land he calls Nova Albion (modern California
) for England
1631 – Mumtaz Mahal
died during childbirth
. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I
, then spent more than 20 years to build her tomb
, the Taj Mahal
1682 – King Charles XII of Sweden
was born (d. 1718)
1696 – John III Sobieski
, dies (b. 1629). King of Poland.
1697 – Morte do jesuíta português António Vieira (algumas fontes citam 18 Jul 1697)
1698 – Os mercenário estrangeiro do Czar Pedro “O Grande” derrotam os rebeldes de Streltzy em Moscovo, Rússia.
1703 – John Wesley
, was born (d. 1791). English theologian, founder of Methodism
1719 – Joseph Addison
, dies (b. 1 May 1672). English politician and writer.
1734 – Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars
, dies (b. 1653). Marshal of France.
1775 – American Revolutionary War
: Battle of Bunker Hill
– The British
forces take Bunker Hill outside of Boston
1789 – In France
, the Third Estate
declares itself as a national assembly.
1797 – Aga Mohammed Khan, cruel ruler of Persia, was castrated and killed.
1798 – Em França, o terceiro Estado autodeclara-se uma Assembleia Nacional e inicia os trabalhos de elaboração de uma constituição.
1808 – Henrik Wergeland
, was born. Norwegian author.
1810 – Ferdinand Freiligrath
was born (d. 1876)
1811 – O Conselho Nacional Francês aprecia em Paris a disputa entre Napoleão Bonaparte e o Papa Pio VII.
1818 – Charles Gounod
, was born (d. 1893). French composer.
1832 – Sir William Crookes
, was born (d. 1919). Physicist, chemist.
1837 – Charles Goodyear got a patent for rubber, the squishy, bouncy stuff.
1839 – In the Kingdom of Hawaii
, Kamehameha III
issues the Edict of Toleration
which gives Roman Catholics
the freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands
. The Hawaii Catholic Church
and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace
is later established as a result.
1843 – Os Maoris revoltam-se contra os Britânicos na Nova Zelândia.
1863 – Battle of Aldie
in the Gettysburg Campaign
of the American Civil War
1876 – Indian Wars
: Battle of the Rosebud
– 1,500 Sioux
led by Crazy Horse
beat back General George Crook
forces at Rosebud Creek in Montana Territory
1881 – Tommy Burns
, was born (d. 1955). Boxer.
1882 – Igor Stravinsky
, was born (d. 6 Apr 1971). Russian composer (The Firebird, Petrouchka, The Rite of Spring, The Wedding, The Soldier’s Tale).
1882 – Nascimento de Armando Celis Maturana
. Político chileno.
1885 – The Statue of Liberty
arrives in New York Harbor
1898 – The Navy Hospital Corps
1898 – M. C. Escher
, was born (d. 1972). Dutch artist
1898 – Edward Burne-Jones
, dies (b. 1833). English artist.
1900 – Martin Bormann
, was born (d. 1945). Nazi official.
1904 – Ralph Bellamy
, was born (d. 1991). Actor.
1907 – Charles Eames
, was born (d. 1978), American designer and architect.
1909 – Elmer Lee Andersen
, was born (d. 2004). American politician and governor of Minnesota
1910 – Red Foley
, was born (d. 1968). Country musician
1914 – John Hersey
, was born (d. 1993). Author
1915 – Karl Targownik
, was born (d. 1996). Psychiatrist.
1917 – Lena Horne
, was born. Singer
1917 – Dean Martin
, was born (d. 1995). American singer.
1917 – Atle Selberg
, was born. Norwegian mathematician.
François Jacob was born. French biologist. 1965 Nobel Prize laureate
1922 – Gago Coutinho
e Sacadura Cabral
concluíram a primeira travessia aérea do Atlântico Sul.
1923 – Elroy ‘Crazylegs’ Hirsch
, was born. American football player
1925 – Protocolo de Genebra proíbe o uso de armas químicas e bacteriológicas em guerras.
1926 – Em Portugal, o general Gomes da Costa afasta do poder Mendes Cabeçadas e assume a chefia do governo.
1928 – Aviator Amelia Earhart
starts her attempt to become the first woman to fly in an aircraft
across the Atlantic Ocean
She was a passenger; Wilmer Stutz was pilot and Lou Gordon, mechanic.
Nascimento de Juan Maria Bordaberry. Presidente uruguaio (1972-1976)
1929 – Tigran Petrosian
, was born (d. 1984). Chess player.
1930 – Brian Statham
,was born (d. 2000). English cricketer.
1930 – U.S. President Herbert Hoover
signs the Smoot-Hawley Tariff
1930 – Bonus Army
: Around a thousand World War I
veterans mass at the United States Capitol
as the U.S. Senate
considers a bill that would give them certain benefits.
1936 – Ken Loach
was born. English actor.
1939 – Eugen Weidmann
, dies. Last public guillotine execution in France
1940 – Arthur Harden
, dies (b. 1865). English chemist, Nobel Prize
1940 – George Akerlof
, was born. American economist
1940 – World War II
: Operation Ariel
begins – Allied
troops start to evacuate France
, following Germany
‘s takeover of Paris
and most of the nation.
1940 – World War II
: Sinking of the RMS Lancastria
by the Luftwaffe
1940 – The three Baltic states
fall under the occupation of the Soviet Union
1942 – Mohamed ElBaradei
, was born. IAEA
1943 – Newt Gingrich
, was born. American politician
1943 – Barry Manilow
, [Barry Alan Pincus] was born. Grammy Award-winning singer: I Write the Songs ; Mandy, Looks Like We Made It, Can’t Smile Without You, Copacabana
1944 – Iceland
becomes independent from Denmark
and forms a republic.
1945 – Ken Livingstone
, was born. Mayor of London
1945 – Eddy Merckx
, was born. Belgian cycling champion
1945 – Anupam Kher
, was born. Indian actor
1946 – Peter Rosei
, was born. Writer
1947 – A Assembleia Constituinte da Birmânia decide-se a favor da República da Birmânia independente.
1948 – A Douglas DC-6
carrying United Air Lines Flight 624
crashes near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania
, killing all 43 people on board.
1952 – O Perú torna-se membro da Food and Agriculture Organization – FAO
1953 – Workers Uprising
: In East Germany
, the Soviet Union orders a division of troops into East Berlin
to quell a rebellion
1954 – Rocky Marciano successfully defended his heavyweight boxing title by defeating former champion Ezzard Charles.
Fundação do Hotel El Prado – Barranquilla – Colômbia
1956 – Paul Rostock
, dies (b. 1892). German doctor.
1957 – Dorothy Richardson
, dies (b. 1873). English feminist writer.
1958 – Jello Biafra
, was born. Musician, politician
1960 – Joseph Kasavubu is selected to be the first president of the Congo (now Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC).
1961 – The New Democratic Party
of Canada is founded with the merger of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) and the Canadian Labour Congress.
1961 – Thomas Haden Church
was born in El Paso, Texas, USA. Actor.
1961 – Jeff Chandler
, dies (b. 1918). Actor .
1962 – O Brasil sagra-se Bicampeão
Mundial de futebol ao vencer o Campeonato de 1962 no Chile derrotando na final a Checoslováquia.
1963 – The United States Supreme Court
ruled 8 to 1 in Abington School District v. Schempp
against allowing the reciting of Bible
verses and the Lord’s Prayer
in public schools
1963 – Greg Kinnear
, was born at Logansport, Indiana, USA. actor
1964 – Michael Gross
, was born. Swimmer
1966 – Jason Patric (Miller Jr.)
was born. Actor.
1969 – Boris Spassky became chess champion of the world after checkmating former champion Tigran Petrosian in Moscow.
1971- Representatives of Japan
and the United States
sign the Okinawa Reversion Agreement
, setting out a plan where the U.S. would return control of Okinawa
1972 – Watergate scandal
: Five White House
operatives are arrested for burglarizing the offices of the Democratic National Committee
, in an attempt by the Republican party
to illegally wiretap
1973 – Paulina Rubio
, was born. Mexican
1975 – Chloe Jones
, was born. Actress.
O francês Jacques de Larosière assume a direção do Fundo Monetário Internacional
1979 – Nick Rimando
, was born. Footballer
1979 – Duffy Lewis
, dies (b. 1888). Major League Baseball
1980 – Venus Williams
, tennis player: doubles title: U.S./French Opens w/sister Serena ; Grand Slam singles: Wimbledon , U.S. Open [2000, 2001]; doubles: w/sister Serena: Wimbledon ; fastest serve in WTA history [127 mph]
1980 – O Presidente do Senegal, Leopoldo Sedar Senghor, é doutorado “Honoris Causa” pela universidade de Évora, em cerimónia apadrinhada pelo Presidente Português Ramalho Eanes.
1982 – The body of “God’s Banker”, Roberto Calvi
is found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge
1982 – Roberto Calvi
, dies. Banker
1982 – Leopold Galtieri, sob pressão na seqüência da derrota Argentina no conflito da Falkland/Malvinas, demite-se do cargo de Presidente, Comandante-em-Chefe e membro da Junta Militar Nacional.
1984 – Votantes de mais de seis países membros da CEE, vão as urnas para eleger um novo Parlamento Europeu (eleitores dos outros quatro países votaram dia 14).
1985 – Judy Norton-Taylor, who played the role of Mary Ellen on The Waltons, saw her good-girl image tarnished as she was photographed nude for Playboy magazine.
1986 – Kate Smith
, dies. American singer
1989 – Fernando Collor de Melo, candidato à Presidência da República do Brasil, visita Portugal por dois dias.
1991 – Apartheid
: The South African
Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act
, which had required all racial classification of all South Africans at birth.
1991- A Alemanha e a Polônia põem fim a 46 anos de rivalidades, assinando, em Bona, um tratado de amizade e não agressão.
1992 – A ‘Joint Understanding’ agreement on arms reduction
is signed by U.S.
President George H. W. Bush
President Boris Yeltsin
(this would be later codified in START II
1992 – Over 200 rioters, armed with guns and pangas (machetes) stormed through squatter camps south of Johannesburg. 39 people are killed including women and children.
1992 – Ganesh Sittamplam, com 13 anos, forma-se em Matemática pela Surrey University, passando a ser o licenciado mais jovem de todos os tempos.
1992 – Institui-se em Angola o “Dia das Actividades Geologicas e Mineiras”.
1994 – Following a televised highway chase and a failed attempt at suicide
, O. J. Simpson
is arrested for the murders of his wife, Nicole Brown Simpson
, and her friend Ronald Goldman
Início do Campeionato do Mundo de Futebol Mundo, nos Estados Unidos
1994 – Portugal torna-se participante do Global Environment Facility (GEF)
1996 – Thomas Kuhn
, dies. American philosopher of science (The Structure of Scientific Revolutions).
2002 – Willie Davenport
, dies. Athlete
2002 – Fritz Walter
, dies. Footballer
2004 – Gerry McNeil
, dies (b. 1926). Hockey player
2004 – Sara Lidman dies (b. 1923). Swedish writer.
2004 – O Conselho de Segurança da ONU congela os bens do Ex-presidente liberiano, Charles Taylor.
Dia Mundial de Combate à Desertificação
(Pronunciamento de Kofi Annan
). O Dia 17 de Junho, foi proclamado pela Assembléia Geral da ONU, em 1994 (resolução 49/115). Precisamente nesse dia e ano, foi aprovada a Convenção das Nações Unidas sobre a Luta contra a Desertificação. Os Estados foram convidados a dedicar o Dia Mundial para sensibilizar a opinião pública sobre a necessidade de promover a cooperação internacional no combate à desertificação e aos efeitos da seca, e de aplicar a Convenção das Nações Unidas sobre a Luta contra a Desertificação.