0763 BC – Assyrians
record a solar eclipse
that will be used to fix the chronology
0923 – Battle of Soissons
: King Robert I of France
is killed and King Charles the Simple
is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy
0923 – Robert I of France
dies (b. c. 865) .
1053 – Forces led by Pope Leo IX
were defeated in a battle against the Normans.
1215 – King John of England
puts his seal
to the Magna Carta
1246 – With the death of Duke Frederick II
, the Babenberg
dynasty ends in Austria
1246 – Frederick II of Austria
dies (b. 1219)
1330 – Edward the Black Prince
, was born (d. 1376). Prince of Wales
1381 – Wat Tyler
, dies. Leader of Peasants Revolt
1389 – Battle of Kosovo
1409 – The Catholic church
is led into a double schism
as Petros Philargos is elected Pope Alexander V
by the Council of Pisa
, joining Pope Gregory XII
and Pope Benedict XII
1467 – Philip the Good of Burgundy
dies (b. 1396)
1520 – Pope Leo X
issued the encyclical ‘Exsurge Domine,’ condemning German Reformer Martin Luther
as a heretic on 41 counts and branding him an enemy of the Catholic Church.
1521 – Tamás Bakócz
dies (b. 1442). Hungarian archbishop, cardinal and statesman.
1567 – Jews are expelled
from Genoa Italy.
1594 – Nicolas Poussin
,was born (d. 1665). Painter.
1649 – Margaret Jones was tried and executed for witchcraft – the first time this happened in the colony of Massachusetts.
1667 – The first human blood transfusion
is administered by Dr. Jean Baptiste
. He transfuses 12 fluid ounces (350 mL) of sheep
blood to a 15-year-old boy. The boy later dies and Baptiste is accused of murder.
1750 – Marguerite De Launay, Baronne Staal
, dies (b. 1684). French writer.
1752 – Benjamin Franklin
proves that lightning
(kite + key + lightning).
1756 – Derrota dos Portugueses em Goa pelos Maratas. D. Luís de Mascarenhas, 46.º vice-rei da Índia, morre em combate contra o rei de Sunda, em Pondá.
1760 – O Marquês de Pombal expulsa de Lisboa o núncio apostólico
1767 – Rachel Donelson Jackson
, was born. First Lady of the United States
, wife of Andrew Jackson
1772 – Louis-Claude Daquin
, dies (b. 1694). French composer.
1775 – American Revolutionary War
: George Washington
is appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army
1780 – Em Portugal, Pina Manique determinou a obrigatoriedade de registo da correspondência nos serviços públicos
1785 – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier
, co-pilot of the first-ever manned flight (1783), and his companion, Pierre Romain
, become the first-ever casualties
of an air crash when their hot air balloon
explodes during their attempt to cross the English Channel
1789 – Josiah Henson
, was born (d. 1883). Ex-slave, settlement founder.
1801 – Benjamin Raymond
, was born (d. 1883). Mayor of Chicago
1804 – New Hampshire
approves the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution
, ratifying the document.
1805 – William Butler Ogden
, was born (d. 1877). First mayor of Chicago
1836 – Arkansas
is admitted as the 25th U.S. state
1843 – Edvard Grieg
, was born (d. 1907). Norwegian composer.
1844 – Charles Goodyear
receives a patent
, a process to strengthen rubber
1846 – The Oregon Treaty
establishes the 49th parallel
as the border between the United States
, from the Rocky Mountains
to the Strait of Juan de Fuca
1849 – James Knox Polk
, dies (b. 1795). 11th President of the United States
1859 – Pig War
: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty
leads to the “Northwestern Boundary Dispute” between U.S.
1861 – Ernestine Rössler Schumann-Hein
was born at Lieben, near Prague (d. 17 Nov 36). Singer
1864 – American Civil War
: Battle of Petersburg
begins – Union
forces under General Ulysses S. Grant
and troops led by Confederate
General Robert E. Lee
battle for the last time.
1864 – Arlington National Cemetery
is established when 200 acres (0.8 km²) around Arlington Mansion are officially set aside as a military cemetery
by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton
1869 – Marquis Ferdinando Bartolommei
, dies. Italian revolutionist and statesman
1877 – Henry Ossian Flipper
becomes the first African American
cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy
1882 – Ion Antonescu
, was born (d. 1946). Romanian prime minister and dictator.
1887 – Malvina Cornell Hoffman
was born in New York City (d. 1966). Sculptor.
1888 – Friedrich III of Germany (Hohenzollern)
dies (b. 1831)
1889 – Mihai Eminescu
, dies (b. 1850). Romanian
1904 – A fire aboard the steamboat General Slocum
in New York City
‘s East River kills 1000.
1905 – Princess Margaret of Connaught
marries Gustav, Crown Prince of Sweden
1906 – Léon Degrelle
, was born (d. 1994). Belgian Rexist
who joined the Waffen SS
1909 – Representatives from England
and South Africa
meet at Lords
and form the Imperial Cricket Conference
1911 – Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation
) is incorporated.
Início dos trabalhos da Assembleia Nacional Constituinte – Portugal
1913 – US troops under General John ‘Black Jack’ Pershing massacre at least 2,000 Philippine men, women and children at Bud Bagsak.
1914 – Yuri Andropov
, was born (d. 1984). General Secretary of the Communist Party
of the Soviet Union
1917 – John Fenn
, was born. American chemist, Nobel Prize
1917 – Lash La Rue
, was born (d. 1996). Actor.
1919 – John Alcock
and Arthur Brown
complete first nonstop transatlantic flight
, County Galway
1921 – Errol Garner
, was born (d. 1977). Jazz musician
1928 – Irenaeus Eibl-Eibesfeldt
,was born. Behaviorist
1932 – Mario Cuomo
, was born. Former Governor
of New York
1934 – The Great Smoky Mountains National Park
1936 – William Joseph Levada
, was born. Roman Catholic Prefect for the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
and former archbishop of San Francisco in Calfornia
1937 – Waylon Jennings
, was born (d. 2002). Singer
1938 – Billy Williams
, was born. Baseball
1939 – Brian Jacques
, was born. Author
1941 – Evelyn Underhill
, dies (b. 1875). Anglican
mystic and poet
1941, 15 June – World War II: Operation Battleaxe. British forces suffer setbacks in the second day of Operation Battleaxe. Rommel’s forces reach Sidi Rezegh.
1941 – Harry Nilsson
, was born (d. 1994). Singer, composer.
1943 – Xaviera Hollander
, was born. Prostitute, author
1943 – Poul Nyrup Rasmussen
, was born. Prime Minister of Denmark
1944 – World War II
: Battle of Saipan
: The United States
1946 – Noddy Holder
, was born. Slade
1947 – The All-India committee of India’s Congress Party announces that it accepts Britain’s plan to divide India
into two states, one Hindu and one Muslim.
1948 – Mike Holmgren
,was born. American football
1949 – Dusty Baker
, was born. Baseball player, coach.
1953 – Ana Castillo
was born is born in Chicago. Poet, novelist.
1954 – UEFA
(the Union des Associations Européennes de Football) is formed in Basle
1955 – The Eisenhower
administration stages the first annual “Operation Alert
” (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the preparations for a nuclear attack.
1956 – Tunisia’s autonomy in foreign affairs is confirmed when an agreement is signed with the French government.
1957 – Eindhoven University of Technology
1958 – Wade Boggs
, was born. Baseball player.
1962 – Students for a Democratic Society
complete the Port Huron Statement
1962 – Alfred Cortot
, dies (b. 1877). Swiss pianist.
1963 – Helen Hunt
, was born. Actress.
1964 – Courteney Cox
, was born. Actress.
1965 – Bernard Hopkins
, was born. Boxer
1968 – Sam Crawford
, dies (b. 1880). Baseball Hall of Fame
1969 – Ice Cube
, was born. Singer, actor
1969 – Oliver Kahn
, was born. German football
goalkeeper (Bayern München)
1969 – Hee Haw
debuts on CBS
television, quickly becoming an institution.
1970 – Morreu em Lisboa o escritor e artista plástico português, nascido em S. Tomé e Príncipe em 7 de Abril de 1893, José de Almada Negreiros
1970 – Elliot Welsh v. United States
The Supreme Court ruled that a man could be a “conscientious objector” even though he did not claim the status for religious reasons.
1971 – Edwin Brienen
, was born. Dutch director
1972 – Andy Pettitte
, was born. Baseball pitcher
1973 – Neil Patrick Harris
, was born. Actor.
1974 – Man dies in race rally clashes
: A march through central London leaves one person dead and many more injured as rival demonstrators clash with police and each other.
1976 – Jimmy Dykes
, dies (b. 1896). Major League Baseball
player and manager.
1977 – Eleições gerais na Espanha
1978 – King Hussein of Jordan
marries 26-year-old Lisa Halaby
1979 – Rocky II
opens in theaters, starring and directed by Sylvester Stallone
1981 – Mary Carey
, was born. American erotic actress
and former gubernatorial
1981 – Billy Martin
, was born. American musician
1984 – Meredith Willson
, dies (b. 1902). Composer.
1985 – Andy Stanfield
, dies (b. 1927). American athlete.
1989 – Victor French
, dies. Actor.
1992 – During a spelling bee
at a Trenton, New Jersey
elementary school, U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle
corrects a student’s spelling
of the word potato by indicating it should have an e at the end.
1992 – The United States Supreme Court
rules in US vs. Alvarez-Machain
that it is permissible for the USA
suspects in foreign countries and bring them to the USA for trial, without approval from those other countries. No reciprocal right is recognized for the reverse to happen in the USA
1993 – James Hunt
, dies (b. 1947). English motor-racing driver.
1993 – John Connally
, dies (b. 1917). Former Governor of Texas
, United States Secretary of the Treasury
, United States Secretary of the Navy
1994 – Israel
and Vatican City
establish full diplomatic relations
1995 – John Vincent Atanasoff
, dies (b. 1903). Computer
1995 – While on trial for murder, O.J. Simpson
puts on a pair of gloves that were found soaked with blood
at the murder scene. The gloves appear to not fit.
1996 – Ella Fitzgerald
, dies (b. 1917). Jazz
1996 – In Manchester
, a terrorist bomb injures over 200 people
and devastates a large part of the city centre.
1997 – Kim Casali
, dies. English cartoonist.
1998 – Morreu o historiador e político português César de Oliveira.
1999 – George Morber Senior and Carolyn Frederick are murdered by Angel Maturino Resendiz
in Gorham, Illinois
. They are his eighth and ninth victims, in his seventh and final incident.
2000 – British marines leave Sierra Leone
. The major contingent of the British military task-force sent to help restore order in Sierra Leone leaves the country.
2002 – O Congresso dos Estados Unidos emite uma resolução reconhecendo que o telefone
não foi inventado por Alexander Graham Bell
, mas sim por Antonio Meucci
2002 – Morre Sérgio Bernardes
, (n. 9 Abr 1919). Arquitecto brasileiro.
2003 – Hume Cronyn
, dies (b. 1911). Stage and film actor.
2003 – Volker Kriegel
, dies. Jazz musician.
– O Porto vence por 1-0 a União de Leiria e conquista a Taça de Portugal em futebol.
2004 – Casamento (2º) do actor Charlie Sheen com Denise Richards
2005 – António Guterres, 56, ex -Prime Minister of Portugal, chosen last 24 May as the 10thUnited Nations High Commissioner for refugees begins, with a cerimony in Geneve, his five-year term.
Commemoration of Evelyn Underhill
mystic and poet
– ninth and final day of the Vestalia
in honor of VestaRoman Catholic Church
– Feast of Saint Germaine Cousin
, patron of shepherdesses and of victims of child abuse
‘ Day – Vitus Diena
held in medieval LatviaMalawi
‘s Freedom Day
Commemoration of William Adams
(Miura Anjin 三浦按針) a man shipwrecked in Japan
in the 1600s
, and whom James Clavell
‘s “Shogun (novel)
” was based upon.