Capitão Martín Galeano funda a cidade de Vélez – Colômbia
1540 – Archduke Charles II of Austria
, was born (d. 1590). Regent of Inner Austria.
1608 – Samuel de Champlain
completes his third voyage to New France
at Tadoussac, Quebec
1620 – Building of oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges
, begins at Quebec City
, Quebec Canada
1621 – The Dutch West India Company
receives a charter for New Netherlands
1658 – The Pope
appoints François de Laval vicar apostolic
in New France
1665 – English naval forces defeat the Dutch fleet.
1726 – James Hutton
, was born. Scottish geologist.
1770- Manuel Belgrano
, was born. Argentine
lawyer, politician, military and creator of Argentina’s flag.
1770 – Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo
is founded in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California
1800 – U.S. President John Adams
takes up residence in Washington, DC
(in a tavern — the White House
was not yet completed).
1808 – Jefferson Davis
, was born (d. 1889). President of the Confederate States of America
1844 – Detlev von Liliencron
, was born (d. 1909). German poet.
1858 – Julius Reubke
, dies. (b. 1834). German composer
1861 – Stephen A. Douglas
, dies (b. 18913). American politician
1864 – Ransom E. Olds
, was born (d. 1950). American automobile
1864 – American Civil War
: Battle of Cold Harbor
forces attack Union
troops at Cold Harbor, Virginia.
1865 – King George V of the United Kingdom
was born (d. 1936) .
1866 – Fenians
are driven out of Fort Erie, Ontario
into the United States
to a heroes’ welcome.
1873 – Otto Loewi was born (d. 25 Dec 1961). German-born American physician
and pharmacologist who shared the 1936 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (with Sir Henry Dale) “for their discoveries
relating to the chemical transmission
of nerve impulses.
1875 – Georges Bizet
, dies (b. 1834). French composer.
1879 – Raymond Pearl was born (d. 17 Nov 1940). American zoologist, one of the founders of biometry, the application of statistics
to biology and medicine
. Pearl was chief statistician at the Johns Hopkins Hospital (1919-35). In 1926, he first reported
health benefits of moderate alcohol consumption (as opposed to both abstinence and heavy drinking) in a modern medical light.
1877 – Raoul Dufy
, was born (d. 1953). French painter.
1878 – Barney Oldfield
, was born (d. 1946). American auto racer.
1885 – Last military engagement fought on Canadian
leader Big Bear
escapes the North West Mounted Police
Andrés Avelino Cáceres assume a presidência do Peru e Pedro Alejandrino del Solar Gabans assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro
Fundação do Club de Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata – Argentina
1888 – The poem Casey at the Bat
, by Ernest Lawrence Thayer
, is published in the San Francisco Examiner
1888 – Tom Brown
, was born (d. 1958). American jazz
1888 – Jim Tully
, was born (d. 1947). Novelist.
1889 – The Canadian Pacific Railway
is completed from coast to coast
1889 – The first long distance electric power transmission
line in the United States is completed, running 14 miles between a generator at Willamette Falls
and downtown Portland, Oregon
1894 – Karl Eduard Zachariae
, dies (b. 1812). Expert on Byzantine Law.
1899 – Johann Strauss II
, dies (b. 1825). Austrian composer.
1899 – Georg von Békésy was born (d. 13 Jun 1972). American physicist
and physiologist who received the 1961 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery
of the physical mechanism of stimulation within the cochlea by which sound is analyzed and communicated in the cochlea, a portion of the inner ear.
1901 – Maurice Evans
, was born (d. 1989). English actor.
1901 – José Lins do Rego was born. Brazilien writer.
1904 – Jan Peerce
, was born (d. 1894). American tenor.
1904 – Charles Richard Drew was born (d. 1 April 1950). Black American physician
and surgeon who was an authority on the preservation of human blood for transfusion.
1906 – Josephine Baker
, was born (d. 1975). American dancer, singer and actress.
1911 – Paulette Goddard
, was born (d. 1990). American actress.
1916 – The ROTC
is established by the U.S. Congress
1916 – National Defense Act was signed into law, increasing the size of the National Guard
by 450,000 men.
1918 – Lili St. Cyr
, was born (d. 1999). American ecdysiast
1922 – Alain Resnais
, was born. French director
1924 – Colleen Dewhurst
,was born (d. 1991). Canadian actress.
1924 – Günther Rühle
, was born. Journalist, theater director
1924 – Torsten Nils Wiesel
, was Swedish neurobiologist
, corecipient (with Americans David Hunter Hubel and Roger Wolcott Sperry) of the 1981 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. All three scientists were honoured for their investigations of brain function
1924 – Franz Kafka
, dies (b. 1883). Austrian novelist.
1925 – Tony Curtis
, was born. American actor
1925 – Gerhard Zwerenz
, was born. Writer
1926 – Allen Ginsberg
, was born in Paterson, N.J. (d. 1997). American poet. An outspoken member of the beat generation
, Ginsberg is best known for Howl (1956), a long poem attacking the American values of the 1950s.
1926 – Boots Randolph
, was born. Musician
1929 – Chuck Barris
, was born. American game show
host, producer, purported spy
1929 – Werner Arber was born. Swiss microbiologist
, corecipient (with Americans Daniel Nathans and Hamilton Othanel Smith) of the 1978 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
1930 – Marion Zimmer Bradley
, was born (d. 1999). American science fiction author
1931 – Lindy Remigino
, was born. American athlete.
1932 – Édouard Herriot assume (pela 3º vez) o cargo de primeiro-ministro da França
1934 – Rolland D. McCune
, was born. American theologian, Fundamentalist
1935 – 1,000 unemployed men board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia
beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario
1936 – Larry McMurtry
, was born. American author
1937 – Solomon P. Ortiz
, was born. American politician
1937 – The Duke of Windsor
marries Wallis Simpson
1940 – World War II
: The Luftwaffe
1940 – World War II: The Battle of Dunkirk
ends with a German
tactical victory and with Allied
forces in full evacuation.
1942 – Curtis Mayfield
, was born (d. 1999). American songwriter, musician
1943 – Billy Cunningham
, was born. Basketball star, executive
1943 – A mob of 60 members of the Los Angeles
Naval Reserve Armory beats up everyone perceived to be Hispanic
, starting a week-long race riot (see Zoot Suit Riots
1944 – Edith McGuire
, was born. American sprinter
1946 – Ian Hunter
, was born. Musician (“Mott the Hoople
1946 – Estados Unidos e Inglaterra restituem a Portugal as bases açorianas.
Juan Manuel Frutos Escurra assume a presidência do Paraguai.
1950 – Melissa Mathison
, was born. American screenwriter
1950 – Suzi Quatro
, was born. American musician, actress
1950 – First ascent of Annapurna I
, 10th highest mountain in the world.
1953 – Billy Joe McAllister jumps off the Tallahatchee Bridge, according to the 1967
hit song Ode to Billy Joe
by Bobbie Gentry
, and the movie which followed.
1964 – Morte do escritor finlandês Frans Eemil Sillanpaa. Prémio Nobel em 1939.
1971 – Nascimento de Luigi Di Biagio. Jogador italiano de futebol.
1974 – Portugal estabece relações diplomáticas com a Roménia
Morte de Eisaku Sato. Primeiro-ministro do Japão (1964-1972)
1979 – A blowout at the Ixtoc I
oil well in the southern Gulf of Mexico
causes at least 600,000 tons (176,400,000 gallons) of oil to be spilled into the waters, the worst oil spill to date. Some estimate the spill to be 428 million gallons, making it the largest unintentional oil spill
Morte do naturalista brasileiro Augusto Ruschi (o “cientista dos beija-flores”)
1987 – Lalaine
, was born. Actress.
1988 – A Espanha e a Argentina firmaram um Acordo de Cooperação e Amizade
1989 – The government of China
sends troops to force protesters out of Tiananmen Square
after seven weeks of occupation.
1992 – Os dinamarqueses votaram NÃO aos acordos de Maastrich
1996 – Dr. Fernando Jose de Franca Dias Van Dunem assume (2º vez) o cargo de primeiro-ministro de Angola.
Morte do economista americano Merton Miller. Prémio Nobel em 1990.
Eleição de Alejandro Toledo para a presidência do Perú.