1307 – Edward I
dies (b. 1239). King of England (1272-1307).
1415 – John Huss dies burned at Constance.
1456 – Joan of Arc
is acquitted of heresy
even though she had already been burnt at the stake on May 30, 1431.
1497 – Sai de Lisboa a frota comandada por Vasco da Gama, que chegará a Índia depois de dois anos de navegação.
- 1575 – Raid of the Redeswire, Last major battle between England and Scotland.
- 1585 – Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France.
- 1586 – Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel was born (d. 1646). English statesman.
- 1592 – Thomas, Earl of Arundel was born. Collector of ancient sculptures.
1668 – Isaac Newton
received an MA from Trinity College, Cambridge.
1697 – Dr. John Eachard dies in Cambridge.
1740 – Claudius Amyand dies. English surgeon whose name is remembered in the term
“Amyand’s hernia” for an inguinal hernia with an appendix involved.
- 1770 – A Russian fleet destroyed an Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Çesme on the Aegean Sea.
- 1776 – Jeremiah Markland dies (b. 1693). English classical scholar.
- 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton.
1791 – Dr. Thomas Blacklock, ‘the blind poet,’ dies in Edinburgh.
1816 – Rudolf Wolf was born (d. 6 Dec 1893). Swiss astronomer
and astronomical historian
1843 – Camillo Golgi
was born (d. 21 Jan 1926). Italian physician and cytologist who, in 1873, published his key discovery, the use of silver salts to stain samples for microscope slides. Investigations into the fine structure of the nervous system earned him (with the Spanish histologist Santiago Ramón y Cajal) the 1906 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
- 1855 – Artur Nabantino Belo Gonçalves de Azevedo was born in São Luís (MA) (d. 22 Oct 1908). Brazilian writer.
- 1855 – Konstantin Batyushkov dies (b. 1787). Russian poet.
- 1858 – José Leite de Vasconcelos was born. Portuguese writer and philologist.
1860 – Gustav Mahler
was born in Kalishat, Bohemia (†18 May 1911). Austrian composer and conductor of the Vienna State Opera House. The Adagietto from Gustav Mahler’s Fifth Symphony was used In Luchino Visconti’s film version of Thomas Mann’s “Death in Venice”.
1863 – United States
begins first military draft; exemptions cost $100.
- 1865 – American Civil War: Four conspirators in the assassination of President Lincoln are hanged; Mary E. Surratt, Lewis T. Powell, David E. Herold, and George A. Atzerodt.
- 1865 – Mary Surratt dies (b. 1823). Lincoln conspirator.
- 1865 – Lewis Paine dies (b. 1844). Lincoln conspirator.
- 1865 – David Herold dies (b. 1842). Lincoln conspirator.
- 1865 – George Atzerodt dies (b. 1833). Lincoln conspirator.
- 1874 – Erwin Bumke was born (d. 1945). German jurist.
- 1877 – Brito Capelo e Serpa Pinto iniciam expedição à África Central.
1880 – Lydia Child
dies (b. 1802). American novelist and abolitionist.
1883 – Toivo Kuula was born. Finish composer.
1887 – Marc Chagall
was born in Vitebsk, Belarus (d. 28 Mar 1985). Belorussian-born French painter. Chagall was distinguished for his surrealistic inventiveness. He is recognized as one of the most significant painters and graphic artists of the 20th century. His work included “Les Amoureux” (The Lovers – 1916
), a portrait of himself and his wife, sold in 1996 for $4.2 mil; Red Nude Sitting Up, Moi et le Village, Bride with a Fan, The Cattle Dealer, Jew at Prayer, Bella with a White Collar, The Spoonful of Milk
. In 1997 Mikhail Guerman published “Marc Chagall: The Land of My Heart – Russia.”
1892 – Katipunan
: The Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire
1894 – Don Vicente Jiménez dies in Tixtla, Guerrero (b. 1818). Mexican general.
1899 – George Cukor
was born (d. 24 Jan 1983). American director (My Fair Lady, A Star is Born, Born Yesterday, Love Among the Ruins, The Philadelphia Story).
Was voted the 18th Greatest Director of all time by Entertainment Weekly.
1901 – Vittorio De Sica
was born (d. 13 Nov 1974). Italian director (The Garden of the Finzi-Continis, Marriage Italian Style, Two Women, The Bicycle Thief);
actor: The Shoes of the Fisherman, It Started in Naples).
1901 – Sam Katzman
was born (d. 1973). American film producer.
1906 – Anton Karas
was born (d. 1985). Viennese musician.
- 1906 – Satchel Paige ws born (d. 1982). American baseball player.
- 1906 – William Feller was born (d. 1970). Croatian mathematician.
- 1907 – Robert Heinlein was born (d. 1988). American science fiction writer.
- 1908 – Revilo P. Oliver was born (d. 1994). American professor.
- 1910 – Luiz Barbosa was born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 8 Oct 1938). Brazilian singer and sambist.
- 1911 – Gian Carlo Menotti was born. Italian-born Pulitzer prize wining-opera composer: The Consul , The Saint of Bleeker Street .
- 1913 – Pinetop Perkins was born. American blues musician.
- 1913 – Edward Burd Grubb dies (b. 1841). American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General.
- 1915 – World War I: End of First Battle of the Isonzo.
- 1915 – A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashed near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.
- 1915 – Margaret Abigail Walker Alexander was born (d. 1998). African American Novelist and poet.
- 1915 – Ruth Ford was born. Actress (The Woman Who Came Back, The Lady is Willing, The Eyes of the Amaryllis).
- 1915 – Yul Brynner was born (d. 1985). Russian-born actor.
- 1917 – Russian Revolution: Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov forms Provisional Government in Russia after the deposing of the tsar.
- 1917 – Fidel Sánchez Hernández was born (d. 2003). Salvadorian politician.
- 1919 – Jon Pertwee was born (d. 1996). British actor.
- 1919 – William Moses Kunstler was born (d. 14 Sep 1995). Defense attorney (Tom Hayden, Chicago Seven, Jack Ruby, Martin Luther King Jr., Adam Clayton Powell, Abbie Hoffman, Angela Davis, John Gotti, Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman).
- 1920 – Radio compass – a device known as the radio compass was used for the first time on a U.S. Navy airplane near Norfolk, Virginia on this day.
- 1920 – Mário Sacramento was born. Portuguese essayst.
- 1921 – Adolf von Thadden was born (d. 1996). German politician.
- 1921 – Ezzard Charles was born (d. 27 May 1975). International Boxing Hall of Famer: world heavyweight champion [1949-51]; bouts: 122: won 96, lost 25, drew 1, 59 KOs;
- 1922 – Pierre Cardin was born. French fashion designer.
- 1922 – Cathal Brugha dies (b. 1874). Chief of Staff of Irish Republican Army.
- 1923 – Guerra Junqueiro dies (b. 1850). Portuguese poet / Morte em Lisboa do poeta português. (Abílio Manuel de) Guerra Junqueiro (n. 1850 em Freixo de Espada à Cinta).
- 1924 – Alfredo Rodrigues Gaspar assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro de Portugal.
- 1924 – Mary Ford was born (d. 1977). American singer.
- 1925 – Wally Phillips was born (d. 2008). American radio personality.
- 1925 – Yvonne Mitchell was born. English actress.
- 1925 – Clarence Hudson White dies (b. 1871). American photographer.
- 1927 – Gösta Mittag-Leffler dies (b. 16 Mar 1846). Swedish mathematician who founded the international mathematical journal Acta Mathematica and whose contributions to mathematical research helped advance the Scandinavian school of mathematics.
- 1927 – Charlie Louvin was born. American country musician.
- 1927 – Doc Severinsen was born. American composer and musician- trumpeter, bandleader: The Tonight Show Band, The Doc Severinsen Band; played with Charlie Barnet and Tommy Dorsey Orchestras.
- 1928 – Sliced bread is sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri. It is described as “the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped”.
- 1928 – Vince Edwards (Vincent Edward Zoino) was born (d. 11 Mar 1996). Actor: Ben Casey, The Devil’s Brigade, The Dirty Dozen, The Three Faces of Eve, Motorama;
- 1929 – Hasan Abidi was born (d. 2005). Pakistani journalist and poet.
- 1930 – Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser begins construction of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam).
- 1930 – Arthur Conan Doyle dies (b. 22 May 1859). Scottish novelist and author of the Sherlock Holmes mystery novels. Doyle was an eye doctor. In 1999 Daniel Stashower published “Teller of Tales: The Life of Arthur Conan Doyle.”
- 1930 – Dolores Duran was born (d. 1959). Brazilian singer.
- 1930 – Henry (Hank) Mobley was born (d. 1986). American Jazz composer and saxophonist.
- 1931 – David Eddings was born. American author.
- 1932 – Josef Zawinul was born (d. 2007). Austrian composer and musician.
- 1932 – Alexander Grin dies (b. 1880). Russian novelist.
- 1932 – Henry Eyster Jacobs dies (b. 1844). American Lutheran theologian.
- 1933 – David McCullough was born. American historian and author.
- 1933 – Murray Halberg was born. New Zealand runner.
- 1936 – Jo Siffert was born (d. 1971). Swiss race car driver.
- 1936 – Nikos Xilouris was born (d. 1980). Greek singer.
- 1937 – Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge – Japanese forces invade Beijing, China.
- 1937 – Tung Chee-Hwa was born. First chief executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.
- 1940 – Ringo Starr was born. English drummer and singer (The Beatles)
- 1941 – World War II: American forces land in Iceland to forestall an invasion by the Nazis.
- 1941 – World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops.
- 1941 – Bill Oddie was born. English comedian and ornithologist
- 1941 – Michael Howard was born. British politician.
- 1942 – Carmen Duncan was born. Australian actress.
- 1943 – Toto Cutugno was born. Italian singer.
- 1943 – Joel Siegel was born (d. 2007). American film critic.
- 1945 – Michael Ancram was born. British politician.
- 1946 – Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American saint to be canonized.
- 1946 – Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 spy plane prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
- 1947 – Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident.
- 1947 – Felix Standaert was born. Belgian diplomat.
- 1947 – Howard Rheingold was born. American author.
- 1947 – Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was born. King of Nepal.
- 1947 – Rob Townsend was born. English drummer (Family).
- 1947 – Víctor Manuel was born. Spanish songwriter and singer.
- 1948 – Jean Leclerc was born. French Canadian actor.
- 1947 – Howard Rheingold was born. American author.
- 1949 – Shelley Duvall was born. American actress (Popeye, Nashville, Roxanne, Brewster McCloud, The Shining, Annie Hall, McCabe and Mrs. Miller).
- 1949 – Jack Webb’s Dragnet was first heard on NBC radio this day. The program was the first to dramatize cases from actual police files.
- 1949 – Bunk Johnson dies (b. 1879). American jazz musician.
- 1952 – Mando Guerrero was born. Mexican professional wrestler.
- 1953 – Che Guevara set out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador.
- 1953 – Chile passa a ser membro da UNESCO.
- 1954 – In Memphis, Tennessee, WHBQ becomes the first radio station to air an Elvis Presley record.
- 1954 – Formation of the TANU in Tanzania.
- 1955 – Len Barker was born. American baseball player.
- 1956 – Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).
- 1956 – Gottfried Benn dies (b. 1886). German poet.
- 1957 – Berry Sakharof, Turkish-born Israeli guitarist (Minimal Compact).
- 1957 – Jonathan Dayton was born. American film director.
- 1958 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into United States law.
- 1959 – 14:28 UT Venus occulted the star Regulus. The rare event which will next occur on October 1, 2044 was used for determining the Venus diametre and the structure of Venus’ atmospherer.
- 1959 – Alessandro Nannini was born. Italian F1 car driver.
- 1959 – Ben Linder was born (d. 1987). American engineer .
- 1959 – Jessica Hahn was born. American model.
- 1960 – Fidel Castro anuncia a estatização de todas as empresas americanas em Cuba.
- 1960 – Kevin A. Ford was born. American astronaut.
- 1963 – Vonda Shepard was born. American singer.
- 1964 – Lillian Copeland dies (b. 1904). American athlete.
- 1965 – Paula Devicq was born. Canadian actress
- 1965 – Mo Collins was born. American actress
- 1965 – Jeremy Kyle was born. English television presenter
- 1965 – Moshe Sharett dies (b. 1894). Second Prime Minister of Israel.
- 1966 – Gundula Krause was born. German folk violinist.
- 1966 – Jim Gaffigan was born. American comedian.
- 1966 – Neil Tobin was born. American magician.
- 1967 – Beginning of the civil war in Biafra.
- 1967 – Beatles’ “All You Need is Love” was released.
- 1967 – Jackie Neal was born (d. 2005). American singer.
- 1967 – Tom Kristensen was born. Danish race car driver.
- 1967 – Jo Schlesser dies (b. 1928). French Formula One racing driver.
- 1967 – Vivien Leigh dies (b. 1913). American actress (Scarlet-Gone with the Wind).
- 1968 – Jeff VanderMeer was born. American writer.
- 1968 – Jorja Fox was born. American actress.
- 1969 – In Canada, the Official Languages Act is adopted making the French language equal to the English language throughout the Federal government.
- 1969 – French is made equal to English throughout the Canadian national government.
- 1969 – Cree Summer was born. Canadian voice actress.
- 1969 – Joe Sakic was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
- 1969 – Nathalie Simard was born. French Canadian singer.
- 1969 – Robin Weigert was born. American actress.
- 1969 – Sylke Otto was born. German luger.
- 1970 – Erik Zabel was born. German cyclist.
- 1970 – Robia LaMorte was born. American actress and dancer.
- 1970 – Wayne McCullough was born. Irish boxer.
- 1971 – Alistair Potts was born. British rower.
- 1971 – Claude Gauvreau dies (b. 1925). Canadian writer.
- 1971 – Ub Iwerks dies (b. 1901). American artist, director, and cartoonist.
- 1972 – Lisa Leslie was born. American basketball player.
- 1972 – Manfred Stohl was born. Austrian rally driver.
- 1972 – King Talal dies (b. 1909). King of Jordan.
- 1972 – Athenagoras dies (b. 1886). Patriarch of Constantinople.
- 1973 – José Jiménez was born. Dominican baseball player.
- 1973 – Matt Mantei was born. American baseball player.
- 1973 – Natsuki Takaya was born. Japanese manga-ka.
- 1973 – Veronica Lake dies (b. 1919). American actress.
- 1973 – Max Horkheimer dies (b. 1895). German philosopher and sociologist.
- 1974 – West Germany wins 1974 FIFA World Cup.
- 1974 – Karlis Skrastins was born. Latvian-born hockey player
- 1974 – Patrick Lalime was born. Canadian ice hockey player
- 1975 – Michael Voss was born. Australian Rules footballer.
- 1975 – Tony Benshoof was born. American luger.
- 1975 – Ruffian dies (b. 1972). American thoroughbred racehorse.
- 1976 – First Women’s Shelter in Berlin.
- 1976 – Dominic Foley was born. Irish footballer.
- 1976 – Walter Giesler dies (b. 1910). American soccer coach.
- 1977 – Felix Vasquez was born. New York City Housing Authority employee.
- 1977 – Imogen_Bailey was born. Australian model, actress and singer.
- 1978 – The Solomon Islands become independent from the United Kingdom. Peter Kenilorea is the Prime-Minister
- 1979 – Anastasios Gousis was born. Greek sprinter.
- 1979 – Carl Breeze was born. British racing driver.
- 1980 – Institution of sharia in Iran.
- 1980 – Last concert by rock band Led Zeppelin.
- 1980 – The Safra massacre in Lebanon.
- 1980 – Dan Whitesides was born. American drummer (The Used).
- 1980 – Deidre Downs was born. American beauty queen.
- 1980 – John Buck was born. American baseball player.
- 1980 – Kaisa Jouhki was born. Finnish vocalist (Battlelore).
- 1980 – Michelle Kwan was born. American figure skater.
- 1980 – Dore Schary dies (b. 1905). American film producer, writer.
- 1980 – Líbano: 500 muertos en el asalto de las sedes del Partido Nacional Liberal por las Falanges.
- 1981 – Synyster Gates was born. American musician (Avenged Sevenfold).
- 1981 – Mahendra Singh Dhoni was born. Indian cricketer.
- 1981 – Mildred Lisette Norman a.k.a. Peace Pilgrim dies. American pacifist and activist
- 1982 – Cassidy was born. American rapper.
- 1982 – Mike Glita was born. American bassist (Senses Fail).
- 1982 – George Owu was born. Ghanaian footballer.
- 1983 – Cold War: Samantha Smith, a U.S. schoolgirl, flies to the Soviet Union at the Invitation of Premier Yuri Andropov
- 1983 – D. Woods was born. American singer (Danity Kane).
- 1983 – Justin Davies was born. Australian rules footballer.
- 1984 – Minas Alozidis was born. Greek hurdler.
- 1984 – Marie-Mai was born. Canadian singer.
- 1984 – Mohammad Ashraful was born. Bangladeshi cricketer.
- 1984 – Carl Boenish dies (b. 1941), American father of BASE jumping.
- 1985 – Boris Becker aged 17 won the Wimbledon tennis title by defeating Kevin Curren 6-3, 6-7, 7-6, 6-4. Becker became the youngest, the first German and the first unseeded player to win the title in the 108-year history of Wimbledon.
- 1987 – First videogame in Hideo Kojima‘s prolific Metal Gear series released in Japan.
- 1987 – Lena Ma was born. Miss World Canada 4th runner-up.
- 1988 – Kaci Brown was born. American singer.
- 1989 – Giannoulis Fakinos was born. Greek footballer.
- 1990 – Martina Navratilova captured a record-breaking ninth women’s title at Wimbledon, outplaying Zina Garrison, 6-4, 6-1.
- 1990 – Bill Cullen dies (b. 1920). American game show host.
- 1990 – Cazuza dies (b. 4 Apr 1958). Brazilian musician and pop singer.
- 1991 – Yugoslav Wars: Brioni Agreement ended ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
- 1991 – Michael Stich defeated Boris Becker, 6-4, 7-6, 6-4, to win the men’s singles title at Wimbledon.
- 1992 – Nathalia Ramos was born. Spanish actress.
- 1992 – Sophie Simmons was born. American reality show star and daughter of Gene Simmons.
- 1993 – Mia Zapata dies (b. 1965). American singer with The Gits.
- 1994 – Aden is occupied by troops from North Yemen, completing the reunification of Yemen.
- 1994 – Carlo Chiti dies (b. 1924). Italian race car engineer.
- 1994 – Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte dies (b. 1907). German Luftwaffe Officer.
- 1996 – Dutch tennis player Richard Krajicek won the Wimbledon men’s title, defeating American MaliVai Washington 6-3, 6-4, 6-3.
- 1996 – In Ecuador lawyer Abdala Bucaram, aka El Loco, was elected president with 54% of the vote. He led the center-left Roldosista party
- 1998 – In Italy Silvio Berlusconi, media tycoon and former prime minister, was sentenced to 2 years and 9 months in prison for bribing tax officials.
- 2000 – Kenny Irwin, Jr. dies (b. 1969). American race car driver.
- 2001 – Actress Drew Barrymore and Tom Green wedding.
- 2001 – Fred Neil dies (b. 1936). American singer-songwriter.
- 2002 – Lleyton Hewitt crushed David Nalbandian in straight sets, 6-1, 6-3, 6-2, in the Wimbledon final to win his second Grand Slam title.
- 2002 – A scandal broke out in the United Kingdom when news reports alleged MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader.
- 2002 – Bison Dele dies (b. 1969). American basketball player.
- 2003 – The United Communist Party of Armenia was formed.
- 2003 – Izhak Graziani dies (b. 1924). Bulgarian-born conductor.
- 2003 – Hilary Lunke won the U.S. Women’s Open.
- 2004 – The last patent on the LZW compression algorithm (in Canada) expires.
- 2005 – G8 meeting begins in Scotland.
- 2005 – A series of four terrorist explosions occur on London’s transport system killing 56 people including all four suicide bombers.
- 2005 – Influenced by Live 8, the G8 leaders pledged to double 2004 levels of aid to Africa from US$25 to US$50 billion by the year 2010.
- 2006 – John Money dies (b. 1921). New Zealand sexologist.
- 2006 – Juan de Ávalos dies (b. 1911). Spanish sculptor.
- 2006 – Syd Barrett dies (b. 1946). English musician who was a founding member of Pink Floyd
- 2007 – The New 7 Wonders of the World are announced in Lisbon, Portugal
- 2007 – Pope Benedict XVI issues the Apostolic Letter Summorum Pontificum, removing restrictions on celebrating the old Latin Mass.
- 2007 – Worldwide performances by charity event Live Earth.
- Japan – Tanabata.
- Solomon Islands – Independence Day (1978).
- Spain – San Fermín festival or running of the bulls, in Pamplona, Navarre.
- Tanzania Saba Saba Day (or Peasants’ Day, founding of the TANU party, 1954).