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On this day in History – Apr. 30 Abril 30, 2008

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 12:20 am

● 0065 – Lucan dies (b. 0039). Roman poet.
● 0311 – Galerius Valerius Maximianus lança um edito sob o qual os cristãos são reconhecidos legalmente no Império Romano.
● 0313 – Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule.
● 0418 – Roman Emperor Honorius (who ruled 395-423) issued a decree denouncing Pelagianism, which taught that humanity can take the initial and fundamental steps toward salvation by its own efforts, apart from divine grace.
● 0711 – Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).
● 1006 – Supernova SN 1006, the brightest supernova in recorded history, appears in the constellation Lupus.
● 1063 – Emperor Renzong of China dies (b. 1010).
● 1064 – German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland
● 1245 – King Philip III of France was born (d. 1285).
● 1250 – King Louis IX of France was ransomed for one million dollars.
● 1309 – Kazimierz III, the Great, was born. King of Poland (1333-70).
● 1341 – John III of Dreux dies (b. 1285). Duke of Brittany
● 1349 – Jewish community at Radolszell Germany, exterminated
● 1396 – Crusaders & earl of Nevers depart from Dijon
● 1439 – Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick dies (b. 1382). English military leader.
● 1483 – Orbital calculations suggest that on this day Pluto moved inside Neptune‘s orbit until July 23, 1503.
● 1492 – Spain gives Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.
● 1504 – Francesco Primaticcio (or Primatice, Primadizzi) di Bologna, was born (d. 1570). Italian Mannerist painter, sculptor, draftsman, stuccoist, and architect, active in France.
● 1524 – Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard, dies (b. 1473). French soldier.
● 1531 – O português Martin Alonso de Souza desembarca no lugar que mais tarde seria a cidade de Rio de Janeiro.
● 1536 – A Inquisição é instalada em Portugal.
● 1544 – Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor of England.
● 1553 – Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont was born (d. 1601). Queen of France.
● 1555 – Pope Marcellus II dies (b. 1501).
● 1623 – François de Laval was born (d. 1708). First bishop of New France.
● 1632 – Johan Tzerclaes dies. Count of Tilly (b. 1559). Bavarian general.
● 1642 – Dmitry Pozharsky dies (b. 1578). Russian prince.
● 1651 – Jean-Baptiste de la Salle was born (d. 1719). French educational reformer, Catholic saint.
● 1655 – Eustache Le Sueur (or Lesyeur, Lesueur) dies (b. 19 Nov 1617). Parisian painter and draftsman. He was one of the most important painters of historical, mythological and religious pictures in 17th-century France and one of the founders of French classicism. He was long considered the ‘French Raphael’ and the equal of Nicolas Poussin and Charles Le Brun. ( Sleeping; Caligula Depositing the Ashes of his Mother and Brother in the Tomb of his Ancestors; Les Muses: Melpomène, Érato et Polymnie; La Muse Terpsichore ;).
● 1657 – Jacques de Stella dies (b. 19 Sep 1596). French painter, draftsman, and engraver. Stella is an example of a painter who was a star, enjoying great esteem in his lifetime, both as an artist and a patron (of Nicolas Poussin), but whose work is no longer specially appreciated
● 1660 – Petrus Scriverius dies (b. 1576). Dutch writer.
● 1662 – Queen Mary II of England was born (d. 1694).
● 1664 – François Louis, Prince of Conti was born (d. 1709). French general.
● 1671 – Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.
● 1696 – Robert Plot dies (b. 1640). British naturalist.
● 1710 – Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée was born (d. 1795). Bavarian general.
● 1712 – Philipp van Limborch dies (b. 1633). Dutch Protestant theologian.
● 1721 – Roger Sherman was born (d. 1793). American statesman.
● 1723 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson was born (d. 1806). French naturalist.
● 1729 – Chevalier Pierre-Jacques-Antoine Volaire was born. French painter.
● 1736 – Johann Albert Fabricius dies (b. 1668). German classical scholar and bibliographer.
● 1743 – Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo dies. Peruvian playwright and poet
● 1755 – Jean-Baptiste Oudry dies (b. 17 Mar 1686).French artist specialized in Animals. specialized in Animals.
● 1758 – François d’Agincourt dies (b. 1684). French composer
● 1770 – David Thompson was born (d. 1857). Canadian explorer.
● 1776 – Nicolas Rodríguez Peña was born. Argentine independency heroe.
● 1777 – Carl Friedrich Gauss was born (d. 1855). German mathematician, astronomer and physicist.
● 1789 – On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States.
● 1792 – John Montagu dies (b. 1718). Supposed inventor of the sandwich.
● 1794 – The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
● 1795 – Jean-Jacques Barthélemy dies (b. 1716). French writer and numismatist.
● 1798 - Charles-Auguste van den Berghe was born (d. 17 Nov 1853). French painter.
● 1803 – Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchases the Louisiana
● 1808 – 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri.
● 1812 – The Territory of Orleans becomes the 18th U.S. state under the name Louisiana.
● 1812 – Kaspar Hauser was born (d. 1833). German mystery boy.
● 1824 – D. Miguel é derrotado ao liderar golpe militar em Portugal.
● 1829 – Ferdinand von Hochstetter was born (d. 1884). Austrian geologist.
● 1835 – Franz von Defregger was born (d. 02 Jan 1921). Austrian academic painter.
● 1838 – Nicaragua declares independence from the Central American Federation
● 1839 – Floriano Peixoto (Marechal Floriano Vieira Peixoto) was born in Ipioca, Maceió. 3th President of Brazil (23 Nov 1891 a 15 Nov 1894).
● 1841 – Birth of Orville J. Nave, the U.S. Armed Services chaplain who compiled the “Nave’s Topical Bible” — still in print!
● 1845 – Joaquim Pedro de Oliveira Martins was born. Portuguese historian / Nascimento de Joaquim Pedro de Oliveira Martins, historiador autodidacta, socialista, defensor mais tarde da instauração de um regime autoritário, será um dos membros da «Geração de 70» do século XIX.
● 1847 – Archduke Charles dies (b. 1771). Austrian general.
● 1849 – The republican patriot and guerrilla leader Giuseppe Garabaldi repulsed a French attack on Rome.
● 1854 – Inauguração por D. Pedro II da Primeira Ferrovia Brasileira, a Estrada de Ferro Mauá, no Rio de Janeiro-RJ.
● 1856 – Battle of Rivas, Nicaragua, against northamerican mercenaries.
● 1857 – San Jose State University forms.
● 1857 – Eugene Bleuler was born (d. 1940). Swiss psychiatrist.
● 1860 – Navaho Indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby).
● 1861 – President Abraham Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory.
● 1862 – Swift Run Gap WV skirmishes.
● 1863 – Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
● 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Jenkin’s Ferry – Retreating Union troops led by General Frederick Steele repel Confederate forces under General Edmund Kirby Smith.
● 1864 – Work began on the Dams along the Red River. The work would allow Union General Nathaniel Banks’ troops to sail over the rapids above Alexandria, Louisiana.
● 1864 – New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
● 1864 – Battle of Jenkins’ Ferry AR; General William Read Scurry is killed
● 1864 – Juhan Liiv was born (d. 1913). Estonian poet.
● 1865 – Max Nettlau was born (d. 1944). German anarchist.
● 1865 – General Shermans “Haines’s Bluff” at Snyder’s Mill VA
● 1865 – Robert Fitzroy dies (b. 1805). English admiral and meteorologist.
● 1867 – Burton Mossman was born (d. 1956). Arizona Ranger.
● 1867 – Death of Ithamar Conkey, 52, a popular 19th century English bass vocalist. He also composed the hymn-tune RATHBUN to which we sing today, “In the Cross of Christ I Glory.”
● 1868 – Maciel_Monteiro was born in Recife (PE) (d. 5 Jun 1868). Brazilian poet, politician and diplomat.
● 1869 – Hans Poelzig was born (d. 1936). German architect.
● 1870 – Franz Lehár was born (d. 1948). Austrian composer.
● 1871 – Camp Grant Massacre takes place in Arizona Territory. 144 surrendering Apaches are killed by white and Mexican adventurers.
● 1871 – Camp Grant Massacre takes place in Arizona Territory.
● 1874 – Cyriel Verschaeve was born (d. 1949). Belgian clergyman.
● 1875 – Inauguração do Hospital de Niños – Buenos Aires.
● 1875 – Jean Frederic Waldeck dies (b. 1766). French explorer, lithographer and cartographer.
● 1876 – Orso Mario Corbino was born (d. 1937). Italian physicist.
●1877 – Alice B. Toklas was born (d. 1967). American companion of Gertrude Stein
●1883 – Indalecio Prieto was born in Oviedo (d. 1962). Spanish socialist politician.
●1883 – Jaroslav Hašek was born (d. 1923). Czech novelist.
●1883 – Édouard Manet dies (b. 23 Jan 1832). French Realist Impressionist painter and printmaker. Manet made the transition from the realism of Gustave Courbet to Impressionism. [The Spanish Singer ; The Picnic; Luncheon in the Studio; Olympia; The Café; La modiste;].
● 1888 – Hailstones kill about 250 in Moradabad district of Delhi India
● 1888 – Kiyotaka Kuroda becomes Prime Miniser of Japan
● 1888 – John Crowe Ransom was born (d. 1974). American poet and critic.
● 1889 – 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington’s inauguration
● 1889 – The first national holiday in the United States was celebrated. The citizens of the U.S. observed the centennial of George Washington’s inauguration.
● 1889 – Ellis Wilson was born. Artist
● 1893 – Joachim von Ribbentrop was born (d. 1946). Nazi foreign minister.
●1894 – Coxey’s Army reaches Washington, D.C. to protest the unemployment caused by the Panic of 1893.
●1895 – Philippe Panneton was born (d. 1960). French Canadian physician, diplomat and writer.
●1896 – Hans List was born (d. 1996). Austrian inventor.
●1897 – Humberto (Duarte) Mauro was born in Volta Grande – MG. Brazilian actor and film director.
●1897 – O físico britânico Joseph John Thompson anuncia o descobrimento do elétron, partícula elementar do átomo.
●1898 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Jr. was born. Reporter, columnist, author, lecturer.
● 1900 – Hawaii becomes a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Dole as governor.
● 1900 – Casey Jones dies attempting to save the runaway train Cannonball Express.
● 1900 – Hawaii becomes a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Dole as governor. This was done without the consent of the Hawaiians of course.
● 1900 – Train engineer John Luther “Casey” Jones of the Illinois Central Railroad died in a wreck near Vaughan, Miss., after staying at the controls in an effort to save the passengers. (The event was immortalized in song.)
● 1901 – Simon Kuznets was born (d. 1985). Ukrainian-born economist, Nobel laureate.
● 1902 – Theodore Schultz was born (d. 1998). American economist, Nobel laureate.
● 1902 – Theodore Schultz, the American economist who won a Nobel Prize for his important studies of the human factor in the workplace, was born.
● 1903 – Emily Stowe dies (b. 1831). Canadian physician and suffragist.
● 1904 – The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World’s Fair opens in Saint Louis, Missouri.
● 1904 – The ice cream cone makes its debut.
● 1904 – Birth of John T. Benson, Jr, religious composer and former president of Heartwarming Music in Nashville. His best-known sacred composition was the hymn, “Love Lifted Me.”
● 1905 – The French psychologist, Alfred Binet, explained his new ‘intelligence tests’.
● 1907 – Honolulu, Hawaii becomes an independent city.
● 1908 – Eve Arden [Eunice Quedens] was born (d.12 Nov 1990). Emmy Award-winning actress: Our Miss Brooks [1953], Anatomy of a Murder, Grease, Stage Door, Tea for Two.
● 1908 – Bjarni Benediktsson was born (d. 1970). Icelandic foreign and later prime minister.
● 1909 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands was born (d. 2004).
● 1909 – F. E. McWilliam was born (d. 1992). Northern Irish sculptor.
● 1910 – Al Lewis was born. Actor (The Munsters).
● 1911 – Luise Rinser was born. (d. 17 Mar 2002). German writer.
● 1911 – Portugal approves woman suffrage.
● 1912 – América Futebol Clube (Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil) is founded.
● 1914 – Dorival Caymmi was born in Salvador, Bahia. Brazilian singer and composer.
● 1914 – Vermont Royster was born (d. 22 Jul 1996). Pulitzer Prize-winning writer, editor: The Wall Street Journal; columnist: Thinking Things Over; author: Journey through the Soviet Union, A Pride of Prejudices, My Own, My Country’s Time: A Journalist’s Journey.
● 1916 – Claude Shannon was born (d. 2001). The “father” of information theory .
● 1916 – Robert Shaw was born (d. 25 Jan 1999). American conductor [Robert Show Chorale; music director of Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus].
● 1917 – American Friends Service Committee founded.
● 1919 – Germany – Troops crush the revolutionaries who have declared a Republic in Bavaria state; over the next three days they will kill over 700.
● 1920 – Peru becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
● 1920 – Duncan Hamilton was born (d. 1994). British racing driver.
● 1921 – Pope Benedict XV encyclical “On Dante”
● 1921 – George Crowe was born. American baseball player.
● 1923 – Al Lewis was born (d. 2006). American actor.
● 1923 – Percy Heath was born (d. 2005). American jazz musician (Modern Jazz Quartet).
● 1923 – Francis Tucker was born (d. 2008). South African Rally Driver.
● 1925 – Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for USD $146 million plus $50 million for charity.
● 1925 – Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg was elected the first President of Germany.
● 1925 – Johnny Horton was born (d. 1960). American musician.
● 1925 – Corinne Calvet was born (d. 2001). French actress.
● 1926 – Cloris Leachman was born in Des Moines, Iowa – USA. Academy Award-winning actress: The Last Picture Show [1971]; Emmy Award-winner: A Brand New Life [1972-73], The Mary Tyler Moore Show [1973-74], Cher [1974-75], Screen Actor’s Guild 50th Anniversary Celebration [1983-84]; Phyllis, Backstairs at the White House, The Facts of Life.
● 1927 – Princess Juliana gets seat in Dutch Council of State
● 1927 – The Federal Industrial Institute for Women, opens in Alderson, West Virginia as the first women’s federal prison in the United States.
● 1927 – Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford become the first celebrities to leave their footprints in concrete at Grauman’s Chinese Theater in Hollywood.
● 1928 – Cherkess Autonomous Region is established in RSFSR (until 1957)
● 1929 – Earnest Streeruwitz becomes chancellor of Austria
● 1928 – Hugh Hood was born (d. 2000). Canadian author.
● 1929 – Klausjürgen Wussow was born. German television actor.
● 1930 – The Soviet Union proposed a military alliance with France and Great Britain.
● 1930 – Lawton Chiles was born (d. 1998). American politician.
● 1931 – The George Washington Bridge, linking New York City and New Jersey, opened.
● 1933 – Dickie Davies was born. British television presenter.
● 1933 – Willie Nelson was born in Abbott, Texas. American country musician, composer and actor who won the 1989 Grammy Living Legend Award.
● 1933 – Luis Sanchez Cerro, President of Peru, dies assassinated by Hurtado de Mendoza.
● 1934 – Austrian gets “Austrian facist” constitution.
● 1934 – Jerry Lordan was born (d. 1995). English composer and singer.
● 1935 – World Congress for Women’s Rights concludes in Istanbul
● 1935 – José Fialho Gouveia was born in Montijo (d. 2 Out 2004). Portuguese TV and radio personality.
● 1936 – Alfred Edward Housman dies (b. 1859). English poet. ● 1938 – The animated cartoon short Porky’s Hare Hunt debuts in movie theaters, introducing Happy Rabbit.
● 1938 – The first televised FA Cup Final took place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End
● 1938 – Gary Collins was born. Actor. Gary Collins Official Web Page.
● 1938 – Juraj Jakubisko was born. Slovak film director.
● 1938 – Larry Niven was born. American science fiction author.
● 1938 – The cartoon short Porky’s Hare Hunt, debuts in movie theaters, introducing Bugs Bunny.
● 1939 – Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to appear on television.
● 1939 – Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to appear on television. He was opening the New York World’s Fair, billed as a look at “the world of tomorrow.”
● 1939 – The first railroad car equipped with fluorescent lights was put into service. The train car was known as the “General Pershing Zephyr.”
● 1939 – The 1939 New York World’s Fair opens.
● 1939 – RCA owned NBC begins regularly scheduled television service from its New York station with the opening ceremonies of the 1939 New York World’s Fair broadcast.
● 1940 – Burt Young was born. American actor.
● 1940 – Belle Martell was licensed in California by state boxing officials. She was the first American woman, prizefight referee.
● 1941 – Spread of Judaism begins in Croatia
● 1941 – Johnny Farina was born. American musician (Santo and Johnny)
● 1941 – Edwin Porter dies (b. 1870). Film pioneer, most famous as a director with Thomas Edison’s company
● 1942 – 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc WI
● 1943 – Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
● 1943 – World War II: Operation Mincemeat – The submarine HMS Seraph surfaces in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer. 1943 – Bobby Vee was born. American singer.
● 1943 – Frederick Chiluba was born. Zambian president (1991-2001).
● 1943 – Otto Jespersen dies (b. 1860). Danish philologist.
● 1943 – Beatrice Webb dies (b. 1858). British economist.
● 1944 – Jill Clayburgh was born. American actress.
● 1944 – Richard Schoff was born. Singer (The Sandpipers).
● 1945 – Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide after being married for one day.
● 1945 – Concentration camp München-Allag freed
● 1945 – Lord Haw-Haw calls for crusade against the Bolsheviks
● 1945 – Red Army occupies Demmin
● 1945 – Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin
● 1945 – Russian Army frees Ravensbrück concentration camp
● 1945 – US troops attack the Elbe
● 1945 – The morning radio program Arthur Godfrey Time, starring Arthur Godfrey, debuts.
● 1945 – Annie Dillard was born. American writer.
● 1945 – Michael Smith was born (d. 1986). American astronaut.
● 1945 – Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun die (suicide).
● 1946 – Ulla Hahn was born. Lyricist.
● 1946 – King Carl XVI Gustav of Sweden was born.
● 1946 – Don Schollander was born. American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist- Olympic Hall of Famer: 1st swimmer to win 4 gold medals in one Olympics [1964], also won two gold in 1968; International Swimming Hall of Famer: set 8 world records in the 400-meter freestyle and 9 in the 200-meter in his career; Sullivan Award (U.S. outstanding athlete [1964] ).
● 1946 – Bill Plympton was born. American animator.
● 1946 – Brasil: Proibição do JOGO (Decreto Lei nº 9215 de 30 de abril de 1946 – Governo Dutra) e encerramento de todos os Casinos do país.
● 1947 – In Nevada Boulder Dam is officially renamed Hoover Dam again.
● 1947 – Finn Kalvik was born. Norwegian singer.
● 1947 – Leslie Grantham was born. English actor/murderer.
● 1947 – Mats Odell was born. Swedish politician.
● 1947 – Tom Køhlert was born. Brondby IF coach.
● 1948 – In Bogotá, Colombia, the Organization of American States is established.
● 1948 – US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
● 1948 – José Nuno Martins was born in Fratel. Portuguese radio and TV personality. ● 1948 – Marco Nanini was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actor.
● 1948 – In Bogotá, Colombia, the Organization of American States is established.
● 1948 – 21 nações fundam a OEA, Organização de Estados Americanos
● 1948 – The Land Rover is unveiled at the Amsterdam Auto Show.
● 1948 – Allan Arkush was born. American film director.
● 1948 – Perry King was born. American actor.
● 1949 – Phil Garner was born. Baseball manager.
● 1949 – Antonio Guterres was born. Prime Minister of Portugal / Nascimento de António Guterres. Político do Partido Socialista e Primeiro-ministro português (1995 – 2000).
● 1952 – Anne Frank published in English; The British public gets the chance to read The Diary of a Young Girl, written by Anne Frank who hid from the Nazis in Holland during the war.
● 1952 – Jacques Audiard was born. French film director.
● 1953 – The British West Indian colonies agreed on the formation of the British Caribbean Federation that would eventually become a self-governing unit in the British Commonwealth.
● 1953 – Marie Osmond was born. Singer (The Osmonds).
● 1954 – Jane Campion was born in Wellington. New Zealand film director
● 1955 – Nicolas Hulot was born. French journalist and author.
● 1955 – Element 101, Mendelevium, announced.
● 1955 – Imperial Bank of India nationalized
● 1955 – West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & more wages
● 1956 – Alben W. Barkley dies (b. 1877). Vice President of the United States. ● 1956 – Jorge Chaminé was born. Portuguese baritone.
● 1956 – Lars von Trier was born. Danish film director.
● 1958 – Charles Berling was born. French actor, director and screenwriter.
● 1959 – Stephen Harper was born. Prime Minister of Canada.
● 1959 – Paul Gross was born. Canadian actor, director, and writer.
● 1959 – Stephen Harper was born. Prime Minister of Canada
● 1959 – W. Thomas Smith Jr. was born. American author and columnist
● 1960 – Kerry Healey was born. American politician.
● 1961 – Isiah Thomas was born. American basketball player, coach, owner.
● 1961 – Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize.
● 1961 – 1st shuttle flights between Washington DC, Boston MA & New York NY begin (Eastern) ● 1961 – Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize
● 1962 – NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to an altitude of 75,190 meters
● 1962 – Robert Reynolds was born. Country musician (The Mavericks).
● 1962 – Norway applies for membership of the European Community.
● 1963 – Michael Waltrip was born. American race car driver.
● 1964 – The FCC ruled that all TV receivers should be equipped to receive both VHF and UHF channels.
● 1964 – Albert Margai becomes Prime-Minister of Sierra Leone.
● 1964 – Barrington Levy was born. Jamaican Reggae and dancehall musician.
● 1964 – Ian Healy was born. Australian cricketer.
● 1965 – Adrian Pasdar was born. American actor.
● 1966 – Havasupai tribe in Grand Canyon reject BIA proposal to “modernize” tribal town of Supai, Arizona with roads, chairlift and helicopter service.
● 1966 – The Church of Satan is founded.
● 1966 – Margarida Pinto Correia was born in Lisboa. Portuguese writer. President of Fundação do Gil. Director of Cosmopolitan.
● 1966 – Anton LaVey founds the Church of Satan.
● 1966 – Jeff Brown was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
● 1967 – Highest tower in the world finished, 537 meters (USSR).
● 1967 – Turbo B was born. Rapper (Snap).
● 1968 – U.S. Marines attacked a division of North Vietnamese in the village of Dai Do.
● 1969 – Paulo Jr. was born. Brazilian musician (Sepultura)
● 1969 – Clark Vogeler was born. American musician (The Toadies).
● 1970 – Announcement of secret U.S. bombing and invasion of previously neutral Cambodia prompts demonstrations at college campuses across U.S. Four days before Kent State, National Guard troops fire shotguns on protesters at Ohio State University in Columbus, injuring seven. One thousand march in downtown Seattle; protesters trash ROTC offices at the University of Washington.
● 1970 – A Guerra do Vietname espalha-se ao Camboja. O presidente norte-americano Richard Nixon revela que tropas dos Estados Unidos e do Vietname do Sul foram enviadas ao Camboja para destruir as bases dos vietnamitas comunistas.
● 1970 – Inger Stevens dies (b. 1934). Swedish actress.
● 1971 – Portugal: o Decreto-Lei n.º 178/71 cria o Instituto de Acção Social Escolar ● 1971 – Darren Emerson was born. English DJ (Underworld) .
● 1971 – John Boyne was born. Irish novelist.
● 1971 – Carolyn Dawn Johnson was born. Country singer.
● 1971 – Chris Henderson was born. Rock musician (3 Doors Down).
● 1971 – Clark Vogeler was born. Rock musician.
● 1971 – Chris “Choc” Dalyrimple was born. R&B singer (Soul for Real).
● 1972 – One thousand rally on Mercer Island to protest Soviet mistreatment of Jews.
● 1972 – The North Vietnamese launched an invasion of the South.
● 1972 – Lisa Dean Ryan was born. Actress.
● 1972 – J.R. Richards was born. Singer (Dishwalla)
● 1973 – Watergate Scandal: President Richard Nixon announces that top White House aids H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and others have resigned.
● 1973 – Jeff Timmons was born. R&B singer (98 Degrees)
● 1973 – Akon was born. R& B singer
● 1973 – Václav Renc dies (b. 1911). Czech poet, dramatist and translator.
● 1974 – Agnes Moorehead dies (b. 1900). American actress.
● 1974 – Portuguese Comunist leader Álvaro Cunhal returns to Portugal after his exile.
● 1974 – Mikey Chan was born. Australian musician.
● 1975 – Fall of Saigon: Communist forces gain control of Saigon. The Vietnam War formally ends with the unconditional surrender of South Vietnamese president Duong Van Minh.
● 1975 – Elliott Sadler was born. American race car driver.
● 1975 – Mike Chat was born. American actor.
● 1975 – Johnny Galecki was born. Actor.
● 1975 – Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops occupy Saigão, ending the war / Tropas do Vietname do Norte capturam Saigão e o presidente do Vietname do Sul, Duong Van Minh, se rende aos comunistas. Neste mesmo dia, tropas norte-americanas se retiram de Saigão, que é renomeada de Cidade de Ho Chi Minh.
● 1976 – Muhammad Ali beats Jimmy Young in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
● 1976 – España: se estrena el filme de Charlie Chaplin El gran dictador, rodado en 1940.
● 1976 – Amanda Palmer was born. American musician (The Dresden Dolls)
● 1977 – Jeannie Haddaway was born. American politician.
● 1978 – Tom Fulp was born. Computer artist, creator and owner of Newgrounds
● 1980 – Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London.
● 1980 – Accession of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands after abdication of Queen Juliana.
● 1980 – Luis Muñoz Marín dies (b. 1898). Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician.
● 1981 – 16th Academy of Country Music Awards: Barbara Mandrell and George Jones win.
● 1981 – John O’Shea was born. Irish footballer
● 1981 – Peter Huchel dies. German poet.
● 1982 – Alvaro Magana chosen to succeed Jose N Duarte as President of El Salvador
● 1982 – Iranian offensive in Khusistan.
● 1982 – Kirsten Dunst was born in Point Pleasant, New Jersey. American star actress (Interview with the Vampire).
● 1982 – Lloyd Banks was born. American rapper
● 1982 – Andrew Seeley was born. Canadian actor and singer
● 1982 – Lester Bangs dies (b. 1949). American music journalist, author, musician.
● 1983 – Jae Millz was born. Dominican African American Rapper
● 1983 – Troy Williamson was born. American football player
● 1983 – George Balanchine dies (b. 1904). Russian-born dancer and choreographer.
● 1983 – Muddy Waters dies (b. 1915). American blues musician.
● 1983 – Michael Jackson‘s song “Beat It” hits number 1 on the Billboard music charts.
● 1984 – U.S. President Reagan signed cultural and scientific agreements with China. He also signed a tax accord that would make it easier for American companies to operate in China.
● 1984 – Rashid Abdul Hamid Karami takes place (8th time) of the seat of the Prime-Minister of Lebanon.
● 1984 – Shawn Daivari was born. Persian-American professional wrestler and manager
● 1984 – Tyler Wilkinson, Country singer (The Wilkinsons)
● 1985 – France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.
● 1985 – Last edition of Brink Daily Mail/Sunday Express in South Africa.
● 1985 – Miss Alex White was born. American musician.
● 1985 – Charles Francis Richter dies (b. 1900). American seismologist.
● 1985 – George Pravda dies (b. 1918). Czechoslovakian actor.
● 1986 – First use of CS gas against anti-nuclear demonstrators, Wackersdorf, West Germany.
● 1987 – Nicaraguan Minister, Miguel d’Escoto, receives Lenine Prize for Peace.
● 1987 – Harri Holkeri assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro da Finlândia.
● 1987 – Nikki Webster was born. Australian entertainer.
● 1988 – In Dublin, Ireland, Céline Dion wins the thirty-third Eurovision Song Contest for Switzerland singing “Ne partez pas sans moi” (Don’t leave without me).
● 1988 – Rita Wilson /Tom Hanks marriage.
● 1988 – French-Canadian singer Céline Dion wins the Eurovision Song Contest in Dublin, Ireland in front of 600 million viewers, representing Switzerland with the song Ne partez pas sans moi
● 1989 – Pope John Paul II beatifies Victoire Rasoamanarivo of Madagascar.
● 1989 – Sergio Leone dies (b. 1929). Italian filmmaker (Good, Bad and Ugly).
● 1989 – Yi, Bang-ja dies (b. 1901).Crown Princess of Korea.
● 1991 – A tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh killing an estimated 138,000 people.
● 1991 – Em Portugal, utilizou-se pela primeira vez a acumpuctura como meio anestesiante.
● 1992 – The last episode of the Cosby Show airs.
● 1992 – A Univ. of Washington rally protesting the verdict acquitting Rodney King’s assailants marches off campus and downtown via Interstate 5. Two nights of angry disturbances in Seattle result in five injuries and dozens of arrests.
● 1992 – First British Trident submarine launched, Barrow-in-Burness, Britain.
● 1993 – CERN announces that the World Wide Web will be free to everyone.
● 1993 – During a changeover at a tennis tournament in Hamburg, Germany, Monica Seles is stabbed in the back by a deranged fan of rival Steffi Graf. Seles would not play competitively for more than two years after the incident.
● 1993 – The World Wide Web was born at CERN.
●1993 – Virgin Radio broadcasts for the first time in the United Kingdom
● 1993 – Tommy Caton dies (b. 1962). English footballer.
● 1994 – In Dublin, Ireland, Paul Harrington & Charlie McGettigan win the thirty-ninth Eurovision Song Contest for Ireland singing “Rock’n’Roll Kids”.
● 1994 – Soccer great Pele (53) weds psychologist Assiria Seixas Lemos (36)
● 1994 – Roland Ratzenberger dies (b. 1960). Austrian race car driver.
● 1994 – Richard Scarry dies (b. 1919). American author.
● 1995 – U.S. President Bill Clinton became the first U.S. President to visit Northern Ireland.
● 1995 – Colômbia torna-se membro da Organização Mundial do Comércio
● 1995 – Maung Maung Kha dies (b. 1920). Prime minister of Burma.
● 1996 – About 120 activists arrested over the next eight days in Washington, D.C., in support of a White House fast by Sister Diana Ortiz. Ortiz was kidnapped, tortured, and raped by Guatemalan Army officers in 1989; she was fasting to demand that the U.S. government release information on her assailants.
● 1996 – Dutch/Italian Beppo-SAX launches from Cape Canaveral.
● 1996 – David Opatoshu dies (b. 1918). American actor.
● 1996 – Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro dies. President of Guatemala (1966-70).
● 1997 – Big Ben stops at 12:11 PM for 54 minutes
● 1997 – President Bill Clinton’s daughter Chelsea chooses to attend Stanford College
● 1997 – Tajik President Imomali Rakhmonov wounded in assassination attempt
● 1997 – Ellen DeGeneres comes out of the closet on her sitcom Ellen (which originally aired on ABC this day).
● 1998 – La policía detiene al croata Dinko Sakic en la provincia de Buenos Aires. Estuvo frente del campo de concentración de Jasenovac, durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
● 1998 – NATO was expanded to include Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic. The three nations were formally admitted the following April at NATO’s 50th anniversary summit.
● 1998 – United and Delta airlines announced their alliance that would give them control of 1/3 of all U.S. passenger seats.
● 1998 – In the U.S., Federal regulators fined a contractor $2.25 million for improper handling of oxygen canisters on ValuJet that crashed in the Florida Everglades in 1996.
● 1998 – Nizar Qabbani dies (b. 1926). Syrian poet.
● 1999 – NATO membership expands by approving the admission of the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland (the nations will be formally admitted following NATO’s 50th anniversary summit next April).
NATO aircraft destroy the Belgrade-Azala Tower.
● 1999 – Cambodia joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) bringing the total members to 10.
● 1999 – Dozens injured in Soho nail bomb; Two people are killed and at least 30 injured in the third nail-bomb attack in London in two weeks.
● 1999 – Neo-nazi bomber David Copeland detonates his third bomb in front of the Admiral Duncan pub and is arrested the night after.
● 2001 – Dennis Tito, the first space tourist in space lifts off in a Russian rocket heading for the International Space Station.
● 2001 – Chandra Levy, a former intern to California Congressman Gary Condit, is last seen in Washington, DC.
● 2001 – The Mitchell Report on the Arab-Israeli conflict is published.
● 2002 – A referendum in Pakistan overwhelmingly approves the Presidency of Pervez Musharraf for another five years.
● 2002 – Cuba signs Protocolo of Kyoto.
● 2002 – General Motors compra a fabricante sul-coreana de carros Daewoo
● 2002 – Miguel Urdangarín y de Borbón was born. Spanish royal.
● 2002 – Charlotte von Mahlsdorf dies (b. 1928). Founder of the Gründerzeit Museum in Berlin-Mahlsdorf.
● 2003 – Mahmoud Abbas took office as the first Palestinian prime minister. International mediators presented Israeli and Palestinian leaders with a “road map” to peace.
● 2003 – The U.S. Navy withdrew from its disputed Vieques bombing range in Puerto Rico.
● 2003 – The United States declares official end to combat operations in Iraq.
● 2003 – Peter ‘Possum’ Bourne dies (b. 1956). New Zealand race car driver, 3-time Asia-Pacific Rally champion.
● 2003 – Wim van Est dies (b. 1923). Dutch cyclist.
● 2003 – Mark Berger dies (b. 1955). University of Kentucky professor.
● 2004 – Former NBA star Jayson Williams was acquitted of aggravated manslaughter in the shotgun slaying of a limousine driver at his New Jersey mansion, but found guilty of trying to cover up the shooting.
● 2004 – U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
● 2005 – Missing Georgia woman Jennifer Wilbanks turned up in Albuquerque, N.M., originally claiming to have been abducted but then admitting she was a “runaway bride.”
● 2005 – Ron Todd dies (b. 1927). TGWU General Secretary (1985 – 1992).
● 2006 – Trapped miners Brant Webb and Todd Russell at Beaconsfield, Tasmania are found alive after being unaccounted for for five days.
● 2006 – Jean-François Revel dies (b. 1924). French philosopher, writer and journalist.
● 2006 – Lawrence Patrick dies. Biomechanics Professor, crash test subject
● 2007 – Last day when it is legal to smoke in a public building in Northern Ireland
● 2007 – Grégory Lemarchal dies (b. 1983). French singer
● 2007 – Kevin Mitchell dies (b. 1971). American football player
● 2007 – Tom Poston dies (b. 1921). American actor.
● 2007 – Gordon Scott dies (b. 1927). American actor.
● 2007 – Zola Taylor dies (b. 1938). American singer.
SwedenBirthday of King Carl XVI Gustav, an official flag day
● The NetherlandsQueen’s Day
Roman Empire – third day of the Floralia in honor of Flora
VietnamLiberation Day.
MexicoChildren’s Day.
Brazil: Women National Day /Dia Nacional da Mulher.
Walpurgis Night – Celebrated in Germany, central, and western Europe.
Bealtaine Eve (From either Irish Bealtaine or Scottish Gaelic). Originally a Celtic Druid holiday.
Czech Republic and Slovakia
Carodejnice – witches’ night

 

On this day in History – Apr. 29 Abril 28, 2008

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:54 pm
 

On this day in History – Apr. 29

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:54 pm
 

On this day in History – Apr. 28 Abril 27, 2008

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:15 pm
 

On this day in History – Apr. 28

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:15 pm
 

On this day in History – Apr. 28

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:15 pm
 

On this day in History – Apr. 27

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 1:05 am
 

On this day in History – Apr. 27

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 1:05 am
 

On this day in History – Apr. 26 Abril 25, 2008

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:20 pm
 

On this day in History – Apr. 26

Filed under: efemerides,This Day in History — looking4good @ 11:20 pm
 

 
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